OCR Interpretation

El heraldo de Brownsville. [volume] (Brownsville, Tex.) 1934-19??, February 12, 1935, Image 4

Image and text provided by University of North Texas; Denton, TX

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87056978/1935-02-12/ed-1/seq-4/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for FOUR

Inramsmtlf Ifcralfl
RstabitsJu-a July i I <85, As t Daily Newspaper,
bp leas* O. Wheeler
J. M. 8TE1N .... Publisher
PublUbed every afternoon (except Saturday) and
•midaf morning Entered as aeocmd-cUss matter in
the Poetofflce Brownsville. rates.
1263 Adams St. Brownsville. Texas
The Associated Press Is exclusively entitled to the
use of for publication of all news dispatches credited
to It or not otherwise credited tn this paper, and
also the local news published herein.
National Advemuag Representative
Dallaa. Tezaa SIS Merchant!!* Bans Bids.
Baa sat City Mo. 301 Intart tat* Bids-.
Cblcaso. 111. ISO N Michigan Ave.
Lot Angela*. Calif, 1013 New Orpheum Bldg..
New York. N Y., 370 Lexington Ate..
St Louis Mo. 500 Star Bldg.
Baa Pran cisco. Cain. 155 Santomt St„
By earner—In Brownsville and all Rio Q ran da VaUay clUta
lie a week; 75c a month.
B> Mall—In The Rio Qrande Valley, in advance: on* yaar.
•7.00; etx months $3.75: 3 months. 52.
By Mali—Outalda of the Rio Grand* Valley: 75c par
mootp. SS.00 per year; 6 month*. 54.30.
Tuesday, February 12, 1935
The government of the United States,
we were taught in school, consists of three
branches, the executive, legislative, and
Of recent years, a fourth appears to have
been added unofficially: The investiga
tive. Few can doubt the valuable services
of this branch; to wit, in the matter of
1 eapot Dome, the banking investigation,
and the munitions inquiry.
Now we seem in a fair way of develop
ing a fifth branch, the telegraphic. This
is the long-distance lobby, or technique of
delivering a shower of telegrams on the
doorsteps of congressmen at the psychol
ogical moment.
Rejection by the Senate of the World
Court appears as the most vivid example
of the power of this fifth branch at the
moment. On Friday, it appeared likely
that the World Court would pass. Over
the week-end, several wielders of this
fifth arm of government got busy. And
in the cloudburst of telegrams that de
scended on the senate, the World Court
was lost.
It is not precisely a new technique, yet
there are signs that it is being developed
to a new- high point. Members of con
gress not familiar with its manifestations
must now give careful consideration to its
Naturally, a congressman ought to pay
attention to his mail, and especially to
telegrams, from his constituents. That is
one way for him to know how the folks at
home are thinking.
But it is, after all, only one way. It
ought to be evaluated, weighed, and not
necessarily always accepted at face value.
For instance, large numbers of identical
telegrams might be discounted, say, three
for one. For a certain amount of suspi
cion always attaches to the intrinsic value
as well as to the deep conviction behind
the message that comes in another’s
Old. experienced congressmen know'
this. Messages plainly attributable to im
passioned oratorical appeals or intensive
editorial campaigns might also be dis
counted, say two for one. A sliding scale
of evaluating the messages might be work
ed out by astute congressmen.
For the telegraphic shower is never as
good a cross-section as a vote, or even a
straw vote. Usually there is one side that
doesn't send telegrams at all. It's a
fascinating study for congressmen, and
you may be sure some of them will be
studying it.
For the telegraphic branch of the gov
ernment seems to be flourishing these
days. One result is an unquestioned good
—it makes business for the telegraph com
X-Ray Advance Since
1895 Rivals Auto s
Editor, Journal of the American Medical Association,
and of Hygeia, the Health Magazine
Wilhelm Konrad von Roentgen announced his dis
covery of the X-ray in December. 1895. In the 40
years since that time, the X_ray aids to the medical
profession, not oily for diagnoses of disease, but also
for treatment.
The X-ray is a potent force. Doctors in the
early days did not know how to protect themselves
against its dangers, and so. many have become mar
tyrs to their investigations with this apparatus. •
Meantime, many different improvements have been
made, so that the X-ray of today is as greatly ad
vanced beyond the devices used before 1900 as is the
motor car of today compared with the automobile of
that period.
One of the chief uses of the X-ray continues to be
the diagnosis of broken bones and fractures- These
are studied from many different angles so that the
exact relationship of the bones to the tissues may
be determined. With the help of the X-ray, It is pos
sible to get perfect results in recovery.
• • •
It is possible, by studies of the skull, to determine
presence of disease of the bone, of brain tumors, and
of changes in the blood vessels of the skull and
brain. Injections of air may be made into the hol
low spaces inside the brain, and these may be care
fully studied as to outline and any changes which
hate occurred.
There was a time when the X-ray was used only
to study hard tissue, like bones, but nowadays it is
possible to visualize other structures of the body.
Dye substances have been discovered which may be
taken into the body and which localize in certain
organs and tissues; then, by the use of the X-ray.
these organs and tissues are made visible.
Thus the gall bladder the kidney, the urinary
bladder, the organs of the female genital system, the
liver, the spleen, and the spinal cord may be made
visible, and diseases, and changes brought about by
diseases, accurately diagnosed.
• ft
All sorts of diseases today are being treated with the
X-ray, from simple conditions of the skin to deeply
seated tumors in the abdomen.
To shorten the time of application of the X*<ay
for these deep tumors, apparatus has been developed
which will deliver up to 800.000 volts, the normal tis_
sue of the body being protected by filtering these
rays through copper filters.
Naturally, such apparatus is exceedingly expen
sive. It has become customary, therefore, to provide
such service through hospitals and through special
X-r»y laboratories, so that cost of the apparatus and
its use may be distributed over a considerable num
ber of people and thus made generally available.
Of the 7000 hospitals In the United States, more
than two-thirds axe already fully equipped with ex
cellent X-ray apparatus.
According to my way of thinking, a liberal is a
person who does not imagine himself to be Ood, en
dowed with omniscience capable of saying the right
thing and doing the right thing for humanity, always
and everywhere.—Professor Charles A. Beard, his
Women have become independent and more self
assertive. which carries with it a domination of
character, with freedom of habits so expanded that it
frequently obliterates their sex —Carleton Simon,
The Manchukuoan regime's establishment has
marked the first step in the consolidation of peace in
the Far East and in Japan's fundamental policy of
guaranteeing peace and order.—General Jiro Mina,
ml. Japanese ambassador to Manchukuo.
Go back to Russia? Never! If I went back there,
some commissar would throw me into prison and let
me sing my beautiful songs to the rats.—Feodor Cha
liapin. famous Russian basso.
Give an hour a day to your brain. Think—and
think regularly—every day—Fav Wray, film actress.
By R. J. Scott
WMiLE Lincoln was
Springfield ^
HE AND fc certain m
judge ,in pleas- M
<rade Morses
In Memory of
Should ha»/t boon the
Wife of Mr.
Simeon Paimia
who d»«d Aug 14“
1776 m the 6V*Ye*r
of her Ago
l CEMtttRy
IN Littte
Compton, RJ.
Mo mechanical
Satisfactorily tXke
The place of The Teasel
plant, when dried, *
A, Todays
Lincoln born.
Charles Darwin
ttSS-Michigan «•
at Lansmg
nounres abdication
of true throne inf*
vorof the republic
The World
At a Glance
(Central Press Staff Writer)
NEW YORK, Feb 12 —The condi
tion of the NRA seems to be very
Both business and labor virtually
have abandoned It.
The Roosevelt administration
seems to be making a pretence that
it still is operative. But there is
hardly a business that pretends to
be operating under it—except for
price monopolies, in certain fields.
Labor openly denounces NRA codes
as depriving it of rights.
While Co-Ordinator Donald Rich
berg goes up and down the coun
try making speeches concerning the
•progress ’ of the NRA. the process
of disintegration continues faster
than ever.
Not only that, even the adminis
tration itself attacks itself! Most
notable attacker is Francis Biddle, I
chairman of the national labor rel- ■
at ions board.
Numerous persons have called this
writer’s attention to these facts—'
thus he states them.
• • •
Some Happening*
Francis piddle. NLRB chairman,
in attacking the administration’s la
bor policy and calling for a newer
New Deal, has chosen vital spots of
attack. He has spoken in large in
dustrial centers where there is sup
pressed anger among workers—
Cleveland. Detroit, Akron, Cincin
He has followed up Donald Rich
President Roosevelt may hava to
choose between either on of these
two men—or “sacrifice" both of
them. But Biddle is likely to be re
tained to appease labor.
It is a queer feud.
Richberg tmce was considered a
radical lawyer for railroad brother
hoods Employers feared his advent.
Biddle was a wealthy, aristocratic
corporation lawyer of Philadelphia.
Employers welcomed his advent.
Now the situation is reversed La
bor is shouting for the "head" of
Richberg while it cheers Biddle.
That such a condition of disor
ganization could develop, however,
is indicative of the collapse of the
driving power and cohesion of the
That collapse—critics say—is due
to a lack of definite policy. It may
be due to a desire of a kindly chief
executive to please all groups—one at
a time.
• • •
The danger of a ‘ multilateral" pol
icy may be demonstrated first in De
When President William Green of
the American Federation of Labor
raised such a loud protest over the
extension of the auto codes "with
out labor being consulted." he was
speaking for the rank and file.
The rank and file of the A. F. of
L.. are looking toward independent
movements. Such an independent
labor movement in the automotive
industry—the Mechanics Education
al Society—is likely to seek •’rights,"
code or no code.
More than that, however, the A. F.
of L. administration may find itself
in the same position as the Roose
velt administration—with a top
heavy organization on its hands, but
the rank and file doing as they
Revolt over NRA rule Is mow, vio
lent. however, in the steel industr.
The steel companies have defied
the government to force collective
bargaining with the A. F. of L.
And the workers have defied the
government not to.
Steel companies have discharged
"orcanizers ’ with impunity, and steel
workers have threatened to strike
regardless of government interven
Out of the government's lack of
organized steadfast judicial policy,
two radical elements are emerging—
and that means just the opposite of
Listen to William Spang, leader of
the "rank and file" steel workers,
speaking in Pitsburgh
"Tighe (e veteran conservative
uresldent of the steel works' union
is not the boss The rank and file
membership of the Amalgamated as
sociation of Iron. Steel and Tin
Workers Is fhe boss and Tighe is our
We are fighting not only the
United States Steel corporation, but
alto our own organization, for our
rights ...
‘•This charge of being 'radical.'
‘red’ and ‘foreign’ is a cry of wolf,
wolf. when there is no wolf. I’m
fighting for just one thing—to make
the Amalgamated a live, fighting
‘ All we ve been able to get is prom
ises ...
“1 have no book learning but I
know enough that the steel com
panies are organized and so can
crush any one uprising. I know, too,
tha* if ve steel workers »et togeth
er and show our power, there vont
be anv need to wade through hear
ings and courts.
-Well vet recognition and action
on our demands That’s what we
mein to get.”
In the meantime, private police of
'tee! companies are being heavily
Neither side is placing.the slight
est faith in the NRA. 1
Behind the
Capital ud world gcmip. t»«u
id per* viUtlM. in and >ut ol
lb* nawa written by a (roup ot
earlaaa and tnlenncd newtpaper
sen ot Washington and New
Tom. This column u puDUanod
oy Th* Herald a» a newe teature
Opinion* expreeMd are thOM 0*
the writer* a* individual* aoo
should not be interpreted a* re*
nacting the editorial poller ot thi*
By George Durno
Phlebitia — Most informally and
privately house democrats are de
bating the necessity for electing a
new majority floor leader to act in
place of Representative William B.
Bankhead of Ala.
Bankhead -vent to a hospital on
the day the democratic caucus
agreed to his election nearly a month
and a half ago. Official reports of
his progress back to health have
been encouraging but it is now un
derstood he is suffering from phle
bitis and may not be able to with
stand the ngors of leading the un
wieldy democratic majority through
the hot fights still m progress.
All of the Alabaman s colleagues
are pulling for him to get back on
the floor. They recognise his ability
and they need him But If his con
valescence Is going to be prolonged
over a period of weeks many mem -1
bers think an acting leader should
be determined by party caucus.
t • •
Honest — A tour around the sen
ate office building develops that con
stituents apparently don't think as
hardly of Secretary of Interior Ickos
as do many members of congress
Senatorial secretaries say they have
received a substantial lot of mail'
defending Ickes as an upright, hon
est citizen since the house made it
a condition he was no longer to ad
minister pu :lic works
Inversely, thl? critical guns in
many of these letters are being turn
ed on Relief Administrator Harry
Hopkins. There wasn't an undue
amount of sharpshooting at Hopkins
while direct relief money was rolling
out. Now that the pinch is in sight
the senators are receiving many
complaints about waste and extrav
agance—and even graft—in state
and county organizations.
One senator, rafter looking over a
batch of mail, predicted Ickes would
come out right side up in the end
regardless of how hard he is being
hammered now.
• • •
Lacking — Newspaper men who
have covered the house for some
years say Mayor Fiorello LaGuardia
of New York could have a field day
if he were back in congress this ses
sion as leader of his old progres
sive bloc.
These reporters say they find a
definite undercurrent of restless
ness and resentment among the
congressmen over iron-handed ad
ministration rule. But no one has
emerged who is able to crystallize
and lead a rebellion.
The news men pick LaGuardia as
the ideal type but they don’t find
anyone who is apt to step into his
old shoes and really put on a show
Therefore they conclude the house
will continue to function with a fair
degree of New Deal regularity.
choosing — There should be no
thing surprising m President Roose
velt s decision to retain Postmaster
General Jim Farley as his campaign
manager for reelection in 1936. For
several reasons.
Despite all the hullaballoo about a
year ago to force members of nation
al and sttv? political organizations,
who also either held a government
job or were practicing law here, to
give up one or the other, it never
was in the cards that the white
house edict applied to Big Jim.
Or for that matter, to certain
others of the elect. *
# • •
. Tricks — As President Roosevelt a
unofficial order worked out the ex
ceptions have been interesting.
Those who have watched the weed
ing-out process saw plainly it was
designed to divorce picked men
from the democratic committee.
Democratic comiritteemen storm
ed into Washington after the 1933
Inauguration with their law shin
gles under their arms. One or two
who weren't lawyers set up stands
selling straight influence of more or
less value. It became a stock Joke
around town that this coterie of
gold miners had agreed on a min
imum fee of $25,000. Much larger
ones actually have been paid.
So FDR suggested u might be
well for Washington lawyers not
to be committeemen. That automati
cally necessitated asking govern
ment office-holders to give up any
such political affiliations also—the
assumption being that they were in
a position to do tricks from the in
side, whether they tcok advantage
or not.
• • #
Rider*—As for Farleys retention
of the national chairmanship, the
president's intimates deem it quite
imperative—despite the growing an
tagonism Big Jim has been find
ing on Capitol Hill.
Farley has been building more
Sally s Sallies
Ail ABOt/7 ^
A nun doesn't Itke a woman who can
coo4 and "on t not one who can’t cook but
The Audiences Have Grown Bigger; But The Speakers—
than a democratic organization
across the country. He ha* been
fashioning essentially a New Deal
machine with FDR aa Its sole Idol.
The combination Postmaster Gen
eral and national chairman travels
many miles weekly in every direc
tion to build new fences and repair
old ones.
Thus it becomes natural that the
creator of this machine should stand
by to control the throttle when It
goes Into high next year. Any re
sentment congressmen may have
over unattained patronage, etc., will
be forgotten then. They will all be
too busy hopping on the bandwagon
! for a ride back to Waahlngton them
• • •
Note*—Representative Tinkham
of Massachusetts will show up the
••pro-foreign anti-American propa
ganda'* of the Rockefeller and Car
negie foundations or know the rea
son why ... Rumors reach Washing
ton that ‘Iron Man'* Calles goes
back to Mexico with his fighting
clothe* on—but he’s physically near
ly all m ... Rex Tugwell bad a radi
cal speech prepared for delivery at
Union College, Schnectady, on Jan.
35 but he didn’t deliver it ... Mean
while Chester Davis, boss of AAA,
throws out three radicals while FDR
look the other way.
Among the finest waterfalls in the
world are the Iguasu Falls, 1000
miles up the Parana river and abut
ting on Paraguay and Brazil. Two
miles wide, the falls are 310 feet high.
• 059 MCA SEBVlCf.lMO.
GALE HENDERSON. pretty aad
23. work* la ■ silk ■III. She ia<
ker IP-yeor-olA brother. PHI1*
support their lavalK father.
STEVE MEYERS take lit*
works la the salll asks Gale to
worry blai. She prewises to |l»*
klaa aa aaswer ta a few Says.
Gale goes skatlag. breaks
throagb the lee aaf Is reacae* by
ther. aow leaf, ballt the allL
Brlsa has eowe hoaae after two
years la Paris to eater the will.
Gale llsappears b«for* lMr“
ker aawe.
■aaager of the will, sehewes to
captlaate Brian.
Cnle aoes oa aa erraal tor a
aeighbor. MRS. O’CONNOR. wblek
takes her lata the coaatry. “
a storwy al«kt aal wlsaes
the re tarn boa.
THE coup* came to a stop and
the door opened. A man's voice
called. “Want a rid# east? Be glad
to take you—1■
Gale stepped forward. She
couldn't stand there In the sleei
and cold for tour hours; that was
certain. She tried to see the man
is the ear but his face was In
“I do want to get home, she
said. “I missed the bus."
“Yes. I saw the driver pull away
and leave you. That was a mean
trick. 8ay—“ All at once the man
was out of the car. coming toward
her. "Why. Gale Henderson I" he
exclaimed. 1 didn't know It was
you! What In the world are you
doing here?"
Gale looked up at Brian West
more 8he hoped he would think It
was the cold that made her Ups
tremble as they did. She said. 1
didn't recognise yon either."
"But you mustn't stand here shiv
erlng. Here—get into the car." He
helped her Into the coupe, and a
moment later was beside her.
“Say. I'm glad I came along
Just when I did." he went on. “It’s
a rotten afternoon—you shouldn’t
be out In It"
Gal* smiled. "Believe It or not
mister." she said. "I was waiting
for a bus—and I’d have had quit*
a wait too. The nest one Isn’t due
until 8:30."
He said. concerned, “You're cold,
aren't you? Take nay coat—"
She ebook her bead. “Ob. no,"
tbe said. “I'm warm now. Really 1
am! Tell me. do you always so
around rescuing maidens in die
tress? I believe this is tbe second
time you've saved me from an icy
Brian laughed. "As a career," be
said, “I can’t think of anything I'd
like better than rescuing maidens
in distress. Would you give me a
letter of recommendation or testi
*1 certainly would. Any time you
want it"
They drove in silence for a few
momenta. Then Brian asked. "Have
you given up skating? I've been
out once or twice and looked for
you but I didn't see you.”
*Tvw—been busy dale told him
CO he’d missed her. He'd “looked
^ for her." Oele went on. without
raising her eyes, “Besides, I thought
the ice was too soft"
"It has been, the last day or two.
TWo sleet and wind will probably
I make It so rough It will be ruined
That’s the trouble with skating on
a river. A week or so of smooth
ice is about all you can hope for
all winter."
Gale said "Tea. Last year there
wasn t any.**
“That so? Last year—" The
words broke off as they turned a
corner. Brilliant electric lights
gleamed ahead. "Listen.” Brian
said, "let's have some sandwiches
and coffee. I'm starved and you
wouldn't keep a starving man from
food, would you?"
"No. I wouldn’t want to do that”
Brian turned into the drive be
fore the lighted building. Wind
bowled and the sleet stung her face
as Gale stepped from the car
Laughing, running, they made for
the doorway.
“The Blue Moon Barbee-Q" was
a long, low structure with a counter
running the length of the room
Its surface was polished and scrap
ulously clean. Brian and Oale were
the only customers. They sat on
high stools before the counter and
a youth In a white ooat and cap
brought them steaming cups of cof
fee and thick, hot sandwiches.
Gale said. WI didn’t know I was
hungry but I certainly must bare
"Good!" Brian set down his cup
This place is all right, fee stopped
here before." He paused, then went
on. "Ton know you seem to have a
way of disappearing Into thin air
l was beginning to think I’d never
see you again.”
“I’ve been busy." Gale said for
the second time.
"Wish I could say as raueh."
• e •
HIS tone made the girl turn to
look at him. “Why?" she said
is anything the matter?"
"Oh. 1 guess not. Only things
aren’t working out the way 1
thought they would. Maybe it’s my
fault." He frowned. T wish you’d
tell me something."
He told her about the pension
plan he bad worked out and after
he had finished asked. "What do
you think of It? Would the men
and women at the mill like It?"
I “I’m sure they would. I think It’s
“Really? 8ay. that's the first
word of encouragement I*ve bad
Thatcher and everybody else I've
talked to has bad seme criticism.
They say the plan Isn’t practical.
Well. If it isnX there must be
some way to make It practical. 1
think a man who’s worked in the
mill 15 or*20 years ought to have
some feeling of security. He ought
to bare something to show tor his
work beside Just a bare living."
“What does Mr. Thatcher say
about that?"
“Well, be was pretty vague. He
seems to think the Idea Is all right
but it wouldn't work out 1 don’t
know why it wouldn't though—"
For half an hour they discussed
details of Brian's project Brian
argued eagerly, enthusiastically
Now and then the girl Interrupted
with a question or suggestion. The
coffee on the counter before them
cooled. The youth in the white
coat gave up his cross-word putsle.
half-finished, and burled hlmaeU in
a magazine.
Suddenly Gale caught eight of the
clock on the wall. “Oh." she said.
‘ It’s almost 6:30! I mustn’t stay
any longer. 1 had no Idea H was
so late—"
“We'll go." Brian agreed, "m
soon as we base some hot coffee."
Five minutes later they were on
the road again. The sleet had
stopped, but the road was crested
with ice. Wind whipped about the
car, Its whining roloe rising now
and than, shrill and blgh-pltehed.
Brian said. "Can't make much
speed on a road like this. We’ll
hare to go slowly.*
T»HET went slowly. Presently
* Brian was talklnc again about
the things be hoped to do at tbs
mill. Workers sbonld be sure
ot employment, with no dan
ger of sudden dismissal. They
should have protection against hard
times, brought on by illness. As
the mill grew and expanded there
should be an adjustment of wages
so that the men and women who
actually did the work should share
the prosperity of the owners.
He said. “It's great to talk to
someone who'll listen to me. who
doesn't think I*re gone off on wild
*T don't see bow anyone could call
your theories wild.*
“They do. Just the sama*
*1 don't think sc," Gale assured
He gars her a quick, side-wise
glance She was watching the road
ahead. Her chin raised and two
curling strands of hair had escaped
from her bat to euree against her
cheek. She turned then, smiling.
“We’re almost there* she sold.
“Look—there's the light on the
water tower.*
Yes. tbere vu the light on the
water tower, which meant that
within a few minutes they would
be in town. Brian wished they
wouldn't be. There were • lot
of other things he wanted to
talk to this clH about he suddenly
realised. Not about the mill, hot
about herself. He wanted to know
her better. A lot better.
They passed the mill and pree
eatly were driving between rows
of houses, all exactly alike — the
mill workers' homes. Gale neM.
"You can let me out here any*
1 where."
"Nonsense! I'm taking yen
"Then It’s the neat turn fee the
The coupe turned left and trav
eled two blocks. "It's the third
house." Gale pointed out "Yea—
I that one."
Brian halted the ear, got oat and
opened the door for her. "Well.1*
he said. "It was a pieoe el tuek
that I happened to come along when
I did. I've been wondering about
Gale laughed. "A pieoe of keek
for me. I think yon mean."
"No—for me. But what I want
to know now la when am I going
to see yen again!"
There wee a sound on the walk
behind and Gale tamed. Steve
Meyers was coming toward thMb
i „ (!• Be flaltrrT

xml | txt