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iMoMtthrd July i, Ian. Aft a Dally N by Jaooo g Whselss is btun.7 L. BUELL . Publisher ... Editor ___ every afternoon (except Saturday) and Sunday morning. Entered as second-class matter In the Postofflce, Brownsville, Texaa BROWNSVILLE HERALD PUBLISHING COMPANY U63 Adams St, Brownsville, Texas MEMBER OP THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press Is exclusively entitled to the use of for publication of all news dispatches credited to tt or not otherwise credited In this paper, and also the local news published TOCA8 DAILY PRESS LEAGUE National Advartumj Bepraaontativ* rsvaft KOI *«-an_ S*5“- TSf**\513 M««aatus Bui Bids, *»»•*• City. Mo soi Intaratat* Bid*. Ohleaeo. XU, ISO N. Michigan A»» °<au- l°l® NSW Orpheui “ N Y, SO tut 42nd SttMt ft Mo. SOS Star B.dt? Ban rranclaoo. Calif. ias Sanaome 8t. i«un Bids, _ ^ T_ m SUBSCRIPTION bates .■y.py^y-r?0 BrownavlU* and all Bio Grand* Vallay ottia*. aeon wack; 75c n ■with. er R*o Qmndo Vallor. in advanoaj ana yaor. ' 5i*.,"“****“• W.TS; S month* *2 ^jP^MnU^-putalda of th* Rio Orand* VaUoyi Wo par monui. fS.oo per yaar; 6 month*. M-*>. Monday, May IS, 1935 Reason Has Retained George V . jl' - As King Not )h» least instructive event of the year 10S5 la tha great Jubilee celebration which the Brltlah peo P®* holding on the 36th anniversary of King Otorge s accession to the throne. The affair la notable for lta contrasts. When Georg* V came to the throne he was Just one among many great monarch*. There were Nicholas n in Russia, Wilhelm n In Qermany and Francis Joseph in Austria-Hungary, for Instance, all of them reigning over great empires and all of them, to all outward Indications, occupying thrones that were quite as secure as his. But today, as enormous crowds throng London’s •treats to cheer the British king, where are these others? Francis Joseph Is dead, his empire is In fragments, and his dynasty Is broken. Wilhelm Is In Holland, chopping wood, while a man who would not have been allowed In the palace at a Hohenboiiem reception rules Germany with a tighter rein than Wilhelm ever dreamed of using. And Nicolas lies underground somewhere In a Russian forest, one of the first victims of the catastrophe that swept his country. The oontrast between what happened to these three monarch* and what happened to George V of Rngland la amazing, and it Is not the result of mere chance. It Is not even the result of the difference between winning and losing a great war. Dm fundamental reason why 3,000,000 people stay ed up all night In London to hall the opening of their king’s jubilee, while the other three realms are broken and klngless, can be found In the different ways in which the ruling classes of thee* countries met change. In Russia, in Germany, and in Austria-Hungary there was only a blind inflexibility. The hammering of war and social discontent could not bend the rulers of those lands; so, finally, It broke them completely. The ruling classes there could learn nothing, not even to the face of catastrophe, and so they were swept away. In England, on the other hand, there was flex ibility. The war and Its aftermath brought far reaching changes; Instead of resisting them blindly, the nation's rulers—from the king on down to the Industrial magnates snd the politicians—had the sense to meet them halfway, adapt themselves to them, and help the nation follow a new eourse. As a result, Oeorge V still has his throne, snd his S6th anniversary finds a tremendous outpouring of national enthusiasm for his person and for the things he represents. At a time when change Is upon the whole world, this study In contrasts Is a useful and Instructive thing. One Gains, Another Loses The Fascist government In Oermany Is trying a new method of approach to the problem of caring for the aged. It is polng tc abolish old age pensions for an persons between 65 snd 80 who are capable of doing any kind of light work. Special shops will be set up in which theoe people can earn their own living — with work especially adapted to their physical powers. Robert Ley. leader of the Nazi Labor Front, explains that "Germany cannot, afford to waste energies." and that enforced rest Is prejudicial to the Interests of the old people themselves. The chief objection to this attitude would seem to be that there Is an Infinitely greater waste of energy involved in uii aisempicymem ox young, sme-DoaMsa men than there Is In the pensioning of the aged. Until the unemployment problem is completely solved. It is futile to talk about conserving energy by putting the aged to work. Sane College Graduates The oollege graduate of tradition is supposed to be a know-it-all young man who leaves the campus for the outside work) full of confidence that people are Just going to fall an over themselves to give him Jobs and get the benefit of his wisdom and energy. . The college graduate of real life In the year 1935 is not a bit like that. So. at least, says Vera Christie, manager of the Bureau of Occupations at the Univer sity of Califomls, which is about to turn 3000 young graduates out into the cold world. The old-time cockiness, she says, has vanished. The collegians have been doing some thinking In these trying years, and they know what they’re up against. Raving a greater ewareness of reality, they have ceased to look for soft snaps and are looking for a chance to be of service, instead. The change Is about ss wholesome a thing for the country ss a whole as could be imagined. Better Year Ahead Among the harbingers for a prosperous summer is ths fact that unless all present Indications fall we are not going to have a repetition of last year’s disas trous drouth. To be sure, the Kansas-Colorado sector, still plagued by dust storms, is suffering Intensely from lack of moisture. But taking the farm belt as a whole, it seems clear that we are safe from another dry spell like that which caused so much misery last year. As an example, consider the state of South Dakota. Last year 8outh Dakota was one of the hardest-hit of the drouth states. A magazine writer even sug gested that most of the state ought to be evacuated— and thereby got himself in very bad with South Dakotans. But now the governor of the state hss named a thanksgiving day to celebrate the abundance of moisture that has fallen this spring. That part of the wheat belt, obviously, is due for a good year. r ■ Start Now to Combat Fireworks Menace By DR* MORRIS F18HBEIN Editor, Jownal of the Rmertaa Medical Association, and of Hygeia. tho Health Magazine It U not .00 soon to begin the campaign against loss of life and sight from fireworks. Last Fourth of July there were more accidents than there heve been far some years While there are good ordinances against sale of fire works in many of our large cities, similar conditions do not obtain in the areas Just outside the cities, and use of tho motor car mates it possible for peo ple to get fireworks and bring them back into town. The National Association for the Prevention of Blindness has come to the conclusion that it is al most as hopeless to try to control the sale of fire works from those roadside stands as it was during prohibition to control sale of liquor under similar conditions. If only those people who trifle with fireworks could see a child with one eye closed for life, or a little girl in a lacy holiday dress caught on fire, If they could smell the odor of burning flesh, or if they could hear the screams of a child suffering from fireworks burns, they would do their part in stopping this needless tragedy. Thousands of people were injured in fireworks accidents in 1934. In New York City, where there is a law prohibiting sale of fireworks, the hospitals on July 5, reported 2,600 casualties, or 1,500 more than in 1933. Figures for last year show 161 people killed by fire works, 53 of whom were children less than ft years old; 54 were burned to death when their clothing was Ignited by fireworks bonfires; 30 children were burned to death by “harmless" sparklers; 31 children died as a result of eating fireworks; 30 persons lost one or both eyes; and 30 others suffered serious eye Injuries. Those who have been most concerned with such accidents have become convinced that there is only one hope for effective control, and that is to control the manufacture and sale of fireworks from the factory. Manufacturers of fireworks are not so shortsight ed as to fall to realize that inability to control this situation will result lnevltablly in extreme legislation which will destroy their businesses entirely. They’ll have me married to triplets next. — Mae West. SCOTT’S SCRAPBOOK By R. J. Scott t*fUNEP BELL WORLD I* <ME csreM' Bourdon ul bell of -me <fcoc* feller CARILLIOH. RIVERSIDE CA-ftEDRAL, MEW YORK Cfty — .4*1 WEkiirr of -me bell amp rffc frame is over 39 "Tons upper. amd Lower. COR HER 6 €>W ViricM Indies 5*fAmp, OUTSIDE INE OVAL PftAWt are -tTny PkfURfc* -t^AT IMAPPEH *tb B£ VMOtNS— . Ih '(it, 1 ^M^WEA Dl^RICfl of AU$fkl*,SOM£ M OP <lUeL WORLDS f Mo$< <u;an<ic I and 4*OfE$<*liE | FIORES PLAV | PAR-fS in -rt4t Si $AM$ON DAMCE-f Some of <«t | % , _ DirfeM H4D1E5 15 KMOWK FfeR rl5 BtAUtlFUL BirrfEftFUES AMD MOlfc* as PErr-rXu News Behind the News Capita) and world goaslp, iwb» and panonaUtlaa. In and out 01 the naira, vnttan by a group at learlM* and informed newspaper men at Washington and Maw York This column la publlabad by The Herald aa a nowa feature. Opinion* expressed are thoaa oi tba writers aa individual* and mould not be In terpreted aa reflecting the editorial policy at tble n ewe paper. WASHINGTON By Ray Tucker Up — Administration advisers are watching price trends as anxiously as the doctor holds the pulse of a pa tient In a crisis. An unchecked rise In living costs might easily prove the vulnerable spots in whatever re covery armor the New Deal n^y don between now and 1936. l».at would be inflation which every house wife could understand. The price experts say they find two reasons for rejoicing. The gap between the production rates of dur able and consumption goods indus tries is slowly narrowing. Both are mov.ng up. Durable production was 36 point to the bad on the In dex chart In March of 1933. Now the spread Is only 14 points, and the two may be heading for a rendei voua. Farm products are responsible for the major upthrust In living costs. Of increases recently noted in 94 commodities, 64 are on the agricul tural list. The others have dropped or Increased only slightly. The tex tile industry — which Is parading Its troubles before a cabinet com mittee — leads almost all others In pay roll and employment gains. 8everal cabinet committee members want an explanation for that before they recommend higher tariffs and NRA changes. Aim — President Roosevelt fix ed the 1926 price level as hie ob jective when he inaugurated hie ex ?;riments in a “managed currency." ou don't hear much about that ar bitrary goal any more. Talk now focuses on the 1923-26 level, which Is the basis for all governmental Index computations with the excep tion of prices. Those are still tied to the 1926 figures. The unofficial explanation Is that the 1923-26 level represents a more normal condition of production, em ployment and prices. In 1926 we were on the doorstep of the boom. Moreover the 1923-1925 level Is low er than that of 1926 and probably easier to attain. Marriner 8 Eccles, governor of the Federal Reserve Board, would drop the price level theory entirely. He rates It an Illusory guide to pros perity. He considers a maximum of production and consumption a far more Important aim. especially as crop failures and exchange varia tions bear so unpredlctably and un controllably on prices. Gov. Eccles' philosophy may affect the adminis tration’s attitude on this question if the pending banking bill becomes law. • • • Changing — Governor Eccles feels sure the banking bill will pass In a form pleasing to the administration, despite the bankers’ opposition to Title II. He has already arranged for a publicity program designed to “sell” the measure to the public and to prove that fears of “political con trol” of the Federal Reserve System are unwarranted. 'Jimmie” War burg and "Lew" Douglas are blam ed tor raising that suspicion. For the first time In Its history the Federal Reserve Board has what Washington calls a “press agent ” The innovation probably stuns the bankers as much as Title n. In the past the Board has been tomb-like in Its secrecy. But Mr. Eccles be lieves his “special aide” can do a lot to smooth his path In the ad ministration of novel financial au thority. Elliott Thurston, the man drafted to establish cordial relations with giess and public — and bankers — as been wilting financial articles foi the Washington Lewspapeis owned by Eugene Meyer. When Mr. Meyer was reserve board governor, he saw reporters as infrequently as he could. “No news is good news,” was his motto. Times — and bahkers — are changing. • • • aianaara — me mucn Dauynooea unemployment census has struck a mysterious snag. Government sta tisticians were surprised to discover quite by accident that no money liad been set aside for the study and no authorization given. Social planners say that no long time program of government or private undertakings can be started without a knowledge of the kind and cause and total of unemploy ment. Ignorance of this problem Is abysmal. Nobody knows how many women have entered Industry since the depression, although they have widely supplanted men in small machine production. There Is no estimate of the number #f jobless who have oome of employable age since 1928 Nobody can verify or disprove the statement that total employment needed for peak pro duction Is 25 per cent less than in 1929 because of technological ad vances. A. P of L. estimates say that slightly less than 11.500 000 were out of work in April and this does not Include.those on PWA, FERA and CCC "oils National Industrial Conference Board figures run about 10 per cent less. An authoritative estimate Is more essential now than ever before If the country Is to have a standard — political as well as economic — by which to judge the effectiveness of the $4,000,000,000 work-relief program In providing a “full dinner pall." • • • Another — Gold trouble agaln A New York attorney thinks he has found a scheme for beating dol lar devaluation despite the supreme oourt decision upholding revocation of the gold clause. In the gold bond oovenant It Is provided that the bond shall be accepted in pay ment of federal Income taxes. Tak ing advantage of this provision, he has advised certain clients to offer a $14)00 gold bond In payment of $1,890 In taxes on June 15. Government lawyers anticipate no difficulty In defeating the attempt In the courts. They doubt If action begun on this basis will reach the supreme oourt. But they dont bxe the Idea of another trip down the Summit fatkn. TODAY [HiniT, itnt*4 ««4 wealthy ▼I CTO It STWYKHIKST, arttatamtlc ■te»natker. BUTU1, rtfrn to tot KalkutM Kathaxtaa 'iMn telly MICH ASX ■lATHUOH, _ waataraer wka rmaa a iMUa« alah. ■ha asaaraa haraelf aha la aat to taraataS to Nlehaal hat faala a aaa« a« laalaaay whaa SALLY Moot, I era! aaaaatta. amralla at the alah tor_. SOB PAIK1R. Katkarlae’a ,\RKI!t, a ■laapyraaa. rtoa at hatas la ta far wtth GIBBS her yareate W M Melba, with MtehaeL SOW GO OS WITH THS (TOBY CHAPTER 111 T 0N0 sto Katharine Strykharet ^ had dacldad to that love oat of bar Ufa aa much aa waa humanly possible Har mother hod died whan aha waa nine People any, “Children don’t understand." Bat soma ehll dree da Katharine atHl remem- j bared that day with a shudder- 1 nuraea harrying to and fro In the old stone house; her father's racked aobe She had nnderstood only too welL The lovely, falr-halred. gra cious mother had gone Thera waa no one In her place Katharine was by nature a lonely child. A suc cession of governesses only lntenal* fled this lonellneee Many nights her pillow waa wet with childish taare Later har father had brought har a pat; a little Calm terrier she dearly loved. When he waa run over by a tradesman’s ear Kath arine had dried har tears and had ■aid angrily and stoically to her self: "All right, I won’t love any body or anything again." She had triad to keep that prom ise. The entrance of her stepmother i Into her Ufa, when Katharine was It, had not really meant much. Katharine had been polite to the well-dressed, pleasant-faced Bertine. She had never called bar mother. The second Mrs. Btrykhurst, who had a good figure and a sense of humor, hadn’t tried to "win Kath arine over" by fair means or fouL Now, after more than seven years, they were friends. If not completely allies. So. this floe summer morning, whan Boa Parker, wrapped in thoughts of the man aha loved, ao eased Katharine of being a victim of the grands passion. It la small wonder that the tall, fair girl In riding slothea turned on her com panion almost angrily, denying It "I never heard anything ao ridic ulous.” Katharine said. "Well, honestly, Kay," cried Boa. nettled In her turn, "anybody’d think falling In love was a dis grace." "Well, leave me out of It. won’t you?” Katharine said with eool dignity. • • • 4SY CANT. You’re one of the blooming human race." Zoe cried, with a peal of laughter. All at once both girls were restored to good humor. "There, that’s better!" cried Soe. "Now, can you ride over to the i Ridge and back? It’ll only take lb minutes. I want to talk to you." ] "All right." Katharine agreed, ashamed of har earlier flare of < temper. There was just no use flashing out at Zoe. She waa the < most amiable person In tbs world, i If a trifle silly , m . * "Everybody think* Tvt for go Hen Cibb*" Zoo ooid, "bed I emi—/ fud oanL tee him: Kay, r vo got to nut my ears nerer me pro tasted, after deliberation. "1*11 hare to stop by again and pick It up." Would Michael think »he was inaking ezcnses to see hlmT Men were so terribly conceited. After the other day when he had so rudely seised her wrist and spoken 10 sharply, when they were taking ibelter from the storm tn that way tide cabin, she scarcely knew what to think of Michael. Zoe piloted the little car skill fully up the hilly road winding eastward in a slg-sag pattern away from Innlcock. Prom the rise you could look back and see the Tillage, lying sleepy In the morning base, and a line of blue beyond that marked Long Island Sound. Zoe ran the car into the shadow t>f a pin-oak and shut off the en gine. “Nice up here! “I lore it,- Katharine agreed, rhere were farms on either side af the Rlrer Road ; nnpalnted barns and rail fences hemming in fields af clover and rows of sprouting corn. Some day, In the not tar dis tant future, all this would be taken over by a suburban development company. There would be Moorish rlllas and golf tees where all was rustic simplicity now. e e e I/’ATHARINE dreaded ftese in evitable "improvements.” But meantime she could enjoy the peace if the untouched countryside. "It's about Gibbs,- Zoe was say ing. In a small voice, breaking into tier reverie. Katharine had lived through half i dozen more or less intense love iffairs, vicariously, with Zoe. She was only six months older than the little creature beside her, with the round blue eyes and flashing white teeth, but Katharine told herself ibe felt old enough to be Zoe’s grandmother, at the very least. "I—I haven't forgotten him," Zoe proceeded. "Mother—and Daddy— >vcrybody thinks I have. But I can’t, Kay. I Just can'L *8he went on. pleating the folds >f her handkerchief. *T can't think ibout anything else.- She looked raddenly very solemn, her Mttle gin sky. "Kay, I*t» got to see him " "Ha-ha's away,** Katharine mar inured. laadsqiiataly. *1 know tt. Ha’s got la soma back—or also I’m going to him.” “Oh, yon can’t do that," Kath arine protected. What a maos this was! Zoo began to cry. She cried pret tily; sba didn't twist or screw bar features up as so many women do. She just sat quietly and let the large, crystal drops gather and fall, touching them every now and then with the folds of the now delicately pleated handkerchief. Katharine felt a surge of Impa tience. "Oh, do stop that!" she said crossly. "Gibbs Is almost 40 and he’ll be fat In no time at all And you know well enough he's had heaps of affaire—with married women, too. No wonder your mother Is against him! She has a perfect right to be.” "But I lo-ore him.” Zoe protested, blue eyes swimming, red lips pout ing. "Ton just won’t understand. You’re so—so hard about k. Kay Just wait till you fall.. "It’s nothing to do with me,” Katharine said. "Why drag me in?” "You'll know some day," cried Zoe with spirit, mopping her eyes. "Then you’ll be sorry you were so unkind." Katharine melted. ”1 didn't mean to be. honestly. What can I do to help?" see '"THEIR conferences usually ended A this way. Katharine was the stronger of the two, yet the soft, yielding Zoe could usually bend her to her way of thinking. "1 thought we might get our par ents to let us take a trip together," she began. "But you're only-just got beck.” Katharine said. "I know, but we could any we wanted to do New England—the antique shops and so on .. "And slip up to Maine and see Gibbs? Is that itr Zoe nodded. Kstharine frowned. "It's much too transparent Bertlne would be sure to see through It She's much J UUI iuuumi avuit things Ilk* that." "She'd nerer inspect you," said Zoe alyly, “of deceit” Katharine flashed. It vu true. Bertlne would think that ehe would look aner Zoe properly. Well, and she would, too! "No, I can't possibly do HI* "Oh, Kay. darling. think about It, wont you?** Zoe looked as M she might burst Into tears again. "I dont really like Gibbs." Kath arine began, doubtfully. "Why should 1 foster this affair? 1 think It would be the worst thing you could do, to marry him . . .” "Oh. marry!” Zoe opened her eyes. "Well, lsn*t that what yontn after r "He basnt asked me, bnt he will," said the younger girl with a note of soft triumph. "l’re simply got to get bach.* Katharine said suddenly. Of course she lored Zoe as a sister, but thin morning there was something p» cullarly Irritating in Zoe's assume tlon that she could bend a full* grown man to her will. Maybe Gibbs wanted to marry her and maybe he didn’t. Katharine didn't know. But Zoe was sure of her powers. Katharine, from her ehllly heights of superiority to feminine wiles, felt annoyed. Bhe was re membering, with lightning clear ness, the way Michael had stared1 at her the other day: so angrily, almost as though he had, for an Instant, hated her! Zoe would! hare known what to do in such e situation. The little car whirled about, be gan the down grade. At the lan^ leading Into the riding club Zoe" obediently stopped. "Look. I'll call you ap later," began importantly. Katharine nodded. Thao heart plunged slckenlngly. 8 thing strange* happened to pulse; it was pounding in throat She was conscious < swift surge of rags. Riding together, heedless oflj others along the path, came and a girt Michael—end Sally Moont (To Be Continued) long gold trail. Once was too much. • • • Off-The-Record — The Washing ton press corps — 480 men and wom en — generally endorsed President Roosevelt's refusal to disclose to congress his off-the-record revela tion — at a recent press conference —of the spanking ne administered to Big Business spokesmen. Although handled Infernally, the matter might have proved a serious invasion of the freedom of the press —and the president. He talks frank ly to newspapermen In these twice a-week off-the-record sessions. He gives them unpublishable Informa tion which guides them In wrlt.nn about profound issues. If he had set a precedent by permitting 531 congressmen to eavesdrop, the con fidential nature yt these get-to gethers would disappear. The pres ident's style would thereafter be cramped by the prospect that his words would be published in the Congressional Record. The off-the-record system has Its evils. It permits officials to spread propaganda without assuming re sponsibility for it. But any smart correspondent can detect propagan da when he sees It and he needs no help from congress • • • Research — Congress has passed an act authorizing Colonel W. L. Keller, Medical Corps, to retire on full pay and pursue research work at Whiter Reed hospital. Keller stands at the top as a surgeon and has been offered 875,000 a year by private hospitals, but he has turn ed down these offers and continued on his modest pay treating disabled soldiers. He will now be In a po sition to make researches which will benefit all humanity. . • • • Notes — John W. Davis. Morgan's keenest scout, has been Investigating congress and the banking bill . . . Temporary buildings across the Po tomac will house some of the New Deal overflow activities . . . Henry L. Roosevelt, assistant secretary of the Navy U doing the Job that Franklin Roosevelt performed dur ing the World War — looking over the fleet at sea . .. Ickcs and Hop kins are puzzled — they dont know which one is to handle investiga tions of work-relief. England has nearly twice as many motor vehicles to a mile ol road as the United States, and from four to seven times as manj as other European countries. ^-FV.J.ri* J.H.alun A reader can get the answer to any question of fact by writing The Brownsville Herald Information Bu reau, Frederic J. Haskln, Director. Washington. D. C. Please enclose three (3) cents for reply. • • • Q. Do any boys enter CCC camps who can not read and write? g. H. A. There are many. More than 2300 are being taught to read and write. • • • Q. When will the Government narcotic farms open for patients? R. C. A. The Public Health Service says that the first United States narcotic farm at Lexington, Kentucky, will not be open until on or after May 29. Plans for the second United States narcotic farm at Fort Worth. Texas, are being drawn up at the present time and it will probably be about two years before it is open. • • • Q. Was the asaaaetn of the Arch duke and Archduchess of Austria executed? H. N. A. Prinzip was arrested and died soon afterward in prison. • • • Q. When is Edith Csvell buried? S. A. S. A. In 1919, her body was removed to Norwich Cathedral after memorial services in Westminster Abbey. • i • Q. Please describe the Perry Vic tory Memorial. H. K. F. A. The Perry’s Victory Memorial at Put In Bay. South Bass Island. Lake Erie. Ohio, Is the world s sec ond highest monument. It is con structed entirely of Massachusetts granite and is in the form of a Gre cian Doric column 352 feet in height and 45 feet In diameter at the base. It has a spacious and beautiful rotunda and a spectator's gallery at the top accomodatln# 300 people. Its physical setting in a park of 14 acres with Lake Erie on both sides, gives It the appearance of ris ing from the water. At night it U illuminated by floodlights. • • • Q. Who b called the father oi American botany? R. C„ Jr. I A. John Bartram, eminent Amer I lean botanist (1089-1777) la frequent ly called the father of American bo tany. He founded the first botanical garden in America and Linnaeus termed him “the greatest natural botanist in the world." • • • Q Can holly be eeed for a hedge? G. N. A. It la often so used as it bears clipping well. • • • Q. When was the friction match invented? W. M. T. A. The first true friction match was not Invented until 1827 by a man named John Walker of Stock ton-on-Tees, Durham, England Ignition of sulphur and phosphorus by friction was discovered by God frey Haukwlts In 1880. but It was 150 yean before this discovery was applied to matches. • • • Q. When did Jersey cattle first make their appearance In the Unit ed States? T. H W. A. The first Importation of Jer seys was made In 1150. A few more were brought over about 20 years later, and from 1870 to 1880 there were numerous Importations Since 1880 many Jerseys have been Im ported every year. • • • Q. Why is the sign or symbol which looks like a eiir called an ao tertak? S. E. A. It Is from the Oreek and means a little star. see Q. How did the World War veter ans get the bonne which the now want paid in fall? N. B. A. Congress passed the bonus bill over President Oooiidge’a veto. It gave the veterans, not cash, but paid-up endowment Insurance poli cies. the so-called adjusted com pensation certificates, maturing in 20 years. In 1931, Congress passed a law, over President Hoover's veto, permitting veterans to borrow up to 50 per cent of the face value of their certificates. The present agitation Is to permit them to draw at once more money or all the certificates call for. • • • Q. How can a parchment diploma be cleaned? M. 5 A. a parchment diploma may be cleaned If It Is not too soiled by rub bing lightly with art gum which may be purchased from any art dealer Another method is to use pieoes of freshly baked bread with the crust auk off. Itr graasa spots apply ful ler’s earth. Rub it Into the stain and then brush off. • • # Q. When was the Court of ( lain* Building In Washington, D. C* erected? K. L A. The building occupied by the Court of Claims of the United Statae was erected by William W. Corcor an tn the year 1859. for the bene fit of the city of Washington for "the perpetual establishment and encouragement of painting, sculp ture, and the fine arta generally." • it Q Where la Purgatory Chaam? & W. H. A It is in Worcester County. Mass, Button Township. on Purgatory Creek, above Burts and Whltind ponds. 3 to 3 miles west of North bridge Center. It Is a picturesque ra vine, with vertical walls of gnelsslo rock which overhang in places. It is barely 10 feet wide at the head, but broadens downhill; the maxi mum depth Is about 100 to 130 feet and In It are many angular to part ly rounded blocks of gneiss piled In confusion. • • • Q. When waa the first school fat training In social work established In the United State*? W. P. A. The first school (now the New York School of Social Work) waa established In 1898 as the New York School of Philanthropy. In 1901 two other professional schools were started, the Boston School of Social Work (under Simmons College) and the Chicago School, which was at first an extension Institute of the University of Chicago. • • • Q. Where did Barnett Banaal% 4 the diamond king, die? M. O. A. He committed suicide In H01 at the age of 45. by throwing hlmMH overboard from a liner when onlill way to England from South AfricA 111 health waa the reason ascribed far the act. i • * * Q. Before drainage began, what was the extent of the Everglades? < b the water fmh or salt? D. K. A. This marsh lake In Southern Florida was about 110 miles lontf about 45 miles wide. The water !a . , fresh and la comparatively sweet and pure. Ita depth varies from ooa to six feet. ' | • • • I Q. How long has Dan Beddoe been singing? L. A. A. Since 1883 when he won a Welsh i Eisteddfod with a tenor solo.