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ALLEN IS NOW
TITULAR HEAD OF LOUISIANA Long’s Ally And Close Personal Friend To Try to Keep Regime Unbroken BATON ROUGE. La.. Sept. 11. (*> -Heavy-hearted over the death ol Senator Huey*P. Long, his boyhood friend, those political decisions he followed without question, Governor Oacar Kelly Allen, titular heir ol the powerful Long political ma chine. laces the responsibility 01 providing a leadership that will keep it Intact. The mild- mannered chief exec utive, who took as much pains to ; keep out ol the spotlight as Senator long did to catch its full glare. In the emergency has pledged himself to carry on with the principles of hia assassinated friend. Allen la Rich Like Long, the 53-year-old former school teacher, now none too ro bust, has come a long way from the red clay hills in Winn parish where he and the senator grew up on ad joining farms. Long's rise, however, was meteo ric; Allen's, without spectacle. Bott shook off their early poverty to be come rich. Long through his lav practice and Allen through busi ness ventures and oil operations. Allen gave Long financial back ing In his race for railroad commis sioner in 1917. and when Long was elected governor in 1928 and Allen was elected to the state senate. Long made him administration floor lead er and later chairman of the high way commission charged with launching a $90,000,000 road pro gram. Long went to the senate and back ed his friend fer the governorship which he won. The boyhood frlendi stow sat side by side In ruling the etate. Long, the ••dictator” and Al len. his loyal ally, a happy combina tion of opp: sites till It was broken by the death of Long. Bom In Log Cabin Governor Allen «u born August •. 1882, In a log cabin on his lath er's farm In Winn parish. He get his early education between crops by riding a mule from his home to the nearest schoolhouse. At 18 he was given a teacher's certificate and with money saved from his teach ing. he vent for a time to a schcol at Springfield, Mo., and later to Trinity College at Waxahachie. Tex as. He taught for a time after that and then entered the business world where he forged ahead on a program of hard work and thrift. In his early political career, he arrved as clerk of the Winn parish police lury and later was elected as sessor In 1912. He defeated Senator Henry Hardtner. well-known lum berman. to win a seat In the state senate on the Long ticket in 1928. Qovemcr Allen married Miss Florence Love of Paris, Texas. In 1912. They have three children Joyce Love. 22 O. K Allen. Jr.. 19 and Asa Benton, nine. ENGLAND MAY (Continued from Page One) for an Imminent departure for the front. In stem seriousness, these daugh ters and granddaughters of the female warriors who fought with ftece fanaticism against the Italians on the Adua battlefield of 1896 be gan sharpening their spears and sabres after Eir.oeror Halle Selassie accepted the offer of their services. Their leader, the beautiful, tiger eyed Madame Wayzaro Abebath Charkoze. told the Associated Press they had no fear of Italian airplanes and tanks. 'These mechanical things can be made by man. but only God can bestow courage, and he will enable us to triumph over the Italians; she asserted. “When our husbands, brothers and fathers see us fighting side by side with them, they will have the courage of lions." Madame Charkoze. 34 years old. with gleaming eyes and a quick step. Is a wealthy landowner, but she has abandoned her home and family riches to defend her coun try. If need be, against any Italian advance. The women's legion, dressed In natty uniforms of red capes, khaki bre“-hes, leather puttees and Sam Brown belts, submitted an Offer to go to the front Tuesday and the king of kings accepted promptly. VFW To Sponsor Filling Station Sponsorship of the Magnolia Ser vice station, comer of Elisabeth and Second streets, west, has been undertaken by the Brownsville post of the Veterans of Foreign Wars. Formal opening of the station operated by Casev Jones, will be held at 8 p. m. Thursday, and the peat band will assist. LEAVES ON TRIP Mrs. W. K. M'rrls left Tuesday morning for a three months’ visit to Tamoico, Mexico City and San Luis Potosl. "city briefs" ■_■ For rent—Johnson’s electric floor pcllaher. Also sanding machine Girsa Hardware —Adv. Yellow Cab—Phone 1033—Adv. Flowers for all occasions. Los Sbanos Greenhouse Company. Phone » 1188.—Adv. Or. Olmsted, optometrist, now located In Arcade building. Adv. EV. A. C. Render. Dentist. 800 Washington St.. Phone Residence and office 288 —Adv. If . Anniversary Specials, wear aver aluminum. See our windows. Brownsville Hardware.—Adv. East Bests West for Beauty Title —---—---—I Are Eastern girls prettiest? Tha fudges at Atlantic City who picked the three most beautiful girls in America in a bathing suit contest thought so They named Miss Vera Haal (center) of Bronx. N. Y., i “Miss America"; Margaret Savina King (left). 18. of Bridgeport. Conn., runner up; and Francis Stine (right). 23. of Baltimore, third. Huey Long’s Private Life ***** ***** Extravaganza of Queer * **** ***** Quirks and Contradictions WASHINGTON. Sept. XL MV From start to finish. Senator Long s private life In the capital was a never-ending extravaganza of con tradict icns. His ways here were as unpredict able as they were novel. Senators, who were astonished to hear the senior member from Louisiana mispronounce the sim plest words, mere even more amazed when Long used in the next breath NAVY ACADEMY FIGHT LOOMS Beaumont And Valley Both Seeking Designation As Training Site The problem of obtaining a site on the Brownsville ship channel for es tablishment of a state nautical aca demy will be the chief item before the Valley Navy club at its next meeting at Weslaco September 24, according to Wm. T. Burnett, Brownsville postmaster and presi dent cf the club. The Brownsville Navigation dis trict will furnish frontage on the I channel, but the proposed site ex tends back into lands on which the district holds only an easement for | spillage purposes, i Efforts are being made to have : the Esperson interests, which own a Urge amount of property near the channel, donate the remainder of the land nec?ssary for the academy site. James Abney of Briwnsville. assis tant U. S. attorney and legal rep resentative of the club, ha* been conferring with attorneys for the Esperson interests in an effort to ob i tain the site. According to information receiv ed here, the Beaumont Chamber of Commerce has begun a campaign to have a state nautical academv lo cated there. Members of the Valley club see a hot fight ahead over site of the propped state academy and are seeking backing from all inter-! ests of this section. There are only four state naval; academies in the Umted States at present and there is none in Texas There state institutions are encour aged and given use of ships and equipment by the Navy Department At a meeting of the Valley club Sunday at Harlingen it was decided to meet on the second and fourth Ti?e'd*v of each month, alternating bf*-rven Herl<n~en and WeVaco The nr ts will be held at night, getting unde: wav at 8 p. m. Take Over Agency (Spec’ll to The Herald) HARLINGEN. Sept 10.—'The1 Pearl and Texas Pride beer agency recently resigned by the Harlingen Bottling Works has been taken over by a new firm comotecd of George Brown. Horace Etchisoa and Irvin Cameron. The agency Is now located at 714 South **F” St. <San Benito high way). Brown, who gave up a salesman s Jcb with a Waco concern, said that he had moved to the Valley and would make his home permanently in thie section. **I gave up the be*t! Job I ever hid to take this agency; , Brown said. A complete delivery service will, be maintained by the agency which has Harlingen and Raymondvtlle as its territory. Urschel Convicts Asking for Pardon WASHINGTON. Sept. 11. — Two rnen convicted of • paslng” part of the $200,000 Urschel kidnaping :ansom money applied Wednesday for a pardon. The men. Edward Berman and Clifford 8kelley, both of Minneapolis were sentenced to five years each. Charles P. Urschel, * millionaire oil man of Oklahoma City. Okla., was led from his home at the point of gangsters* guns after they had interrupted a quiet bridge game on. I the Urschel porch in July. 19S3. correctly such a word as “petrogyl pMc." He said “ain't'’ and “herod-o-tus' and then would quote Vergil with out a falter. Sometimes at night, after lying for hours In bed copying passages from the Bible, friends said Wed nesday. they had seen him sudden ly, in a burst of profanity, decide to tour Washingtons fashionable night clubs. He would Ignore messages from leading citizens on occasion, yet his secretaries said he never refused a request for an autograph. He sent autographs despite the fact tliat he signed his name dally to hundreds of business letters. Once, he re ceived 32.000 letters and telegrams in one day. He spent large sums on expensive, exquisitely tailored clothes. He would turn down thousands of so cial Invitations, stating he did not care for a gay life, and then out of a clear sky would show up at some highly formal function, startling the hostess with the presence of his bodyguard. Long refused every formal invita tion which he received as a senator from Louisiana to attend affairs at the W'hite House. A secretary said he had not worn a full dress suit since he was governor of Louisiana. Frequenters of the Shoreham Terrace regarded Long aa one of Washingtons latest night hawks but at the Congressional Country club he was regarded as one of the citys earliest risers. He often ar rived at the club shortly after day break for an 18-hole game His score seldom was under 100. Invariably his foursome consisted of himself, his secretary, and two of his guards He had only a few intimate friends, his secretaries said, listing as one of his closest ac quaintances. Senator Burton K. Wheeler of Montana. Besides his tours of the night dubs, where his arrival always cre ated a stir, the senator's social life was limited virtually to the lobbies of the senate, where he chatted with his conferees, and to his office, where often he talked until mid night with members of his devoted staff. He was said to sleep about three hours a night although about once a week he would retire early and sleep late. Wednesday was a fast day with Senator Long and although he was passionately fond of beefsteaks he allowed himself only one a week. Rigidly, he was following a diet pre scribed to keen down his weight. On Wednesdays, his only food was uquld. Here Is a sample of a day's diet: Breakfast: graiiefrult Juice, black coffee, dry toast; lunch: clam broth, baked apple, tea, toast; din ner: consomme, fish, green peas, apricots. Many nights he would stay at his hotel and read until 3 o'clock in the morning. The Bible, the works of Josephus, Victor Hugo's Les Miser ables. Boswell's Life of Johnson. Plutarch, the Letters of Junius, and Plato were his favorites. He read these books again and again, turn ing now and then to Shakespeare and to “odds and ends." LONG’S DEATH IS DESCRIBED Attending Physician Says Senator Succumbed Without Struggle ESITOR'S NOTE: Dr. E. L Sanderson, superintendent of tbo Shreveport Charity Hospital and one of the physicians in attend* ance on Senator Huey P. Long, wrote the following account, at the request of The Associate* Press, of Long’s battle for life. Long, shortly after he was wound ed, asked Dr. Sanderson, his fam ily physician in Shreveport for many years, be summoned BY DR. E. L. SANDERSON •Copyright. 1933. by the <**>) BATON ROUOE, La., Sept. 13.— I happened to be one of the wit nesses to the tragedy of our age. being one of the physicians to care for Senator Long. I saw a fight for life which was1 a losing one from the beginning. I but which was so heroic on the i part of Senator Long that none ot I us can ever forget it. He was conscious during the first hours except tor the period ot rest produced by narcotics. During his periods of wakefulness he made some remarks which will perhape be not forgo: tened in Louisiana dur ing this generation. One he referred to the Louisiana State University when he said: “What will the boys and girls do if I should die?” Several times he asked us how long he would be In the hospital and always made the same remark i that “the time doesn’t count Just so I am assured that I will recover." When his wife entered the room a few hours before death he sain: “Here is my sweetheart.” As she stooped to kiss him It vm about this time that he said: “Oh, Lord, don’t let me die for I have a few more things to ac complish.” I really believe his last words were those pertaining to the LB.U. | school. He may have made some incoherent remarks later. At no time did he show any shrinking from the pain or any fear of deatn. When he passed away it was like the snuffir:? out of a candle There was no struggle whatever. It was the unanimous opinion ot all the physicians in attendance that the cause of death was shoes and loss of blood due to gunshot wound In the abdomen. One of the things agreed on in i the beginning was that there would be no overtreatment. He was given : the same careful treatment anyone i else would have been given. I MARKETS NEW YORK STOCKS NEW YORK. Sept. 11. ^—Bull ishness grew ferved in the stock market Wednesday as sepculation for i the advance mas sw ‘ched In the Uggard rail shares and trading I swelled to large proportions. Much of the list churned about without getting anywhere, partic ularly In some of the recently strong1 Industrial groups, but several Issues reached new highs for the year or longer with motors and accessories I again actively bought Favorable I mid-wee* trade statistics moderate firmness In thecotto n and grain i markets, and a fairly steady tone In I bonds, provided a favorable back ground for the bullish capers In the stock list. Shares advanced around a point to new highs for the recovery in cluded New York Central. Great Northern preferred. Chesapeake and Ohio, General Motors. Chrysler, and Radio Preferrd "B " American Tele phone reached a new peak wlh a fractional advance. and Air Reduc tion rose 2 points on an extra div idend of $1 50. Steels were little bet ter than steady. Professional bullish activity In the rails was said to be based both on a belief that they were behind the mar ket, and the hope that chart read ers and other market technicians would take a more enthusiastic atti tude toward the list, If the rails could be brought forward to "confirm” the advance in the industrials. On the brighter side for the rail roads was seen the gradual revival In heavy goods Industries, which contribute the bulk of the profitable freight, and indications that some roads were getting in a position to do some refunding and thus cut In terest chirges. Jesse Jones has re cently been working on the promlem of getting New York Central s bank lcwns funded. CHICAGO GRAIN CHICAGO. Sent. 11. tAV-Oraln| orices here tended upward early Wednesday. Influenced by bullish aspects of the United States gov ernment crop report. The Chicago wheat market then rose further. Com started at 4-T*| gam December 57‘i-H. and later: held near to these limits. Ickes And Hopkins Breach ls Widened W.' 'THTNGTON. Sapt. 10. WPk— Secretary ickes and Harry L. Hop kins will present their opposing views on administration of the $4.*i f00.000.000 work relief program to President Roosevelt for a final set tlement. Shortly after Ickes said he would demand a show-down on Hopkins* reaction cf 2 000 PWA projects, the relief expert told reporters he ex pected to to to Hyde Park “soon.** He refused to amplify his state ment. except to say thst he would not Drecede Ickes. whc wiU go there Wednesday. Official Repeal Brings Few Changes in Valley Counties This section along the Mexican border which has had liquor within a stones throw during the 16 years of prohibition. Tuesday was celebrating the return of legal li quor by demonstrating Its ability to “take It or leave It alone." Practically no change in the status of liquor sales 'as to be seen in Brownsville, with two or three places having hard llqu:r on display but with no sales of other than package goods being reported. At one institution it was reported that single drink sales would perhaps be mide later In the week. Harlingen reported that several bars were In operation, selling liquor by the package and by the drink, with package sales being reported from one San Benito re sort. In Hidalgo county several re sorts which have been operating in more or less cpen fashion were reported as selling liquor by the drink and by the pickage. In Mercedes and McAllen llnuor was on open display and being sold by the drink, while at Weslaco and other cities in the oounty sale by package only was the rule. No great demand was reported In either county. Beer of repeal strength, which went on rale throughout the Val ley immedlstely after the election of August 24. continued on sale throughout the district. TO CONTEST UTILITIES REGULATION Newton D. Baker [John W. Dovia rleni y Stimton Jam** M. Beck I ■ T -1 A concerted attack will be made by the utility industry on the re cently passed public utility holding company bill. The attack will be financed through the Edison Electric Institute. In addition to Newton D. Baker and James M. Beck, already retained as counsel, it is expected that John W. Davis (J. P. Morgan’s lawyer) and Henry Stimson will be employed. This would comprise the highest-priced legal staff ever retained, it is believed. Baker was secretary of war under President Wilson. Beck, formerly a Republican congressman from Philadelphia, is a constitutional lawyer who has been men tioned for the Republican nomination for president John W. Davis, considered the leading corporation lawyer in America, was a Demo cratic nominee for president. Stims'on was sectary of state under President Hoover. Helen Hayes Weighs Victoria Role Slender Helen Hayes believes she wtll have a blf (at part aa Queen Victoria. In her next Broadway appearance Off to Kngland to find out Juit bow fat Victoria was when a girl, she’s afraid she'll have to diet to put on a few pounds to look realistic. The famous actress is shown with her husband. Charles MacArtbnr, before sailing (rou New York. HIDALGO SETS COUNTY TAXES New Levy It $1.69 Against $1.65 In Effect During Year 1934 • to 17" w»rml4) EDINBURG. Sept. 11 — Hidalgo county commissioner*’ court Tues day announced the new county tax rate as $1 69 on the $100 valuation, as compared with a general county rate of $1 65 for 1934 and $3.03 ori ginally set for 1935 during August. The court ordered the $3.03 rate on August 16 but it was hurriedly rescinded when various commis sioners learned it would increase the tctal rate in the various road districts over the 1934 figure The new rate Includes a 31-cent levy for Hidalgo County Drainage District No. 1, excepting the Edln bcrg and Harglll communities, which are not Included in the dis trict. and a 63*-cent levy for state purposes. The countp general rate, exclusive of the drainage district lev)-, is 86 cents. Considerable attention was given the matter of levying the state ad valorem tax of 35 cents this year in view of the fact that it had not been levied since 1935. when the Texas legislature remitted state ad valorem taxes for Hidalgo county to permit us eof the funds for re tiring $1,600,000 in bonds to be used for construction of a flood control system. During the past summer, the Tex a auoreme Court ruled this remission law unconstitutional and the state comptroller* soffice has advised County Tax Assessor Collector J. J. Oliver’s office that the state ad valorem levy must be made. If this levy is lifted later, the only state taxes to be collected from Hidalgo county will be a 30 cent shool tax and a 7-cent Con federate pension tax. thereby re using % * total tax bll. except for the roa strict taxes, from 1168 per $100 » $1.34 per $100. Vet Chief Attacks Report on Tragedy WASHINGTON. Sept. 11. UPj— Charging “gross negligence” in the handling of transient veterans caught in the Florida hurricane. Jamcu E. Van Zandt, cca....ander cf the Veterans of Foreign Wars. Wed nesday labeled the official report on the tragedy a “whitewash.” The veterans* official issued a statement here call mg on Presi dent Roosevelt to ignore the offi cial report and take action against “officials guilty of negligence.” Jackie Coogan And Toby Wing to Marry HOLLYWOOD. Calif.. Sept. 1L —The romance an doft-reported en gagement of Jackie Coogan and Toby Wing, young screen starlets, Wednesday bore the confirmation of Toby and Jackie themselves. **We really are engaged now,” an nounced the blonde Toby and Jackie, once "The Kid” of a Charlie Chaplin comedy, nodded assent. The announcement was made at a film colony party given Tuesday r.ight by Pinky Tomlin, the Okla homa crooner. Girl Spy Sentenced By French Official* BREST. Sept. IS. i/F—Fraulsin Lydia Oswald, the “girl with the green eyes.” was ccnvicted Wednes day of "attempted espionage * and sentenced to nine months in pris on. The naval court refused to be lieve her story’ that she quit spying when she fell in love with a French lieutenant. Jean de Forgevllle. The lieutenant and a friend. En sign Rene Guignard, were acquitted. GROUP SEIZES CITY RECORDS ________ »| Band of 20 Men Breaks In Door, Takes Papers At Matamoros Official records of the Matamoros municipal committee of the Natlcn* si Revolutionary Party vers taken Monday afternoon by a group of 30 men, It was reported to police by Fenpe Sanchez, custodian of the building housing the committees headquarters. The men came to the building about 1:30 p. m.. Sanches asserted, and two of them broke down a door and obtained party records. The custcdlan named several men who were In the group and they are being sought for questioning Guillermo Shears, president of the committee and former mayor of Matamoros. was ill Tuesday and could not be reached for s state* meat There has been strife In the ranks of the National Revolutionary Party In Matamoros since a group headed by Jesus Bans Cavazos, spilt off from the regular group headed by Shears. Csvazos claims he has received wires from the state committee at Victoria and from Emilio Portes OH. head of the entire party, re coglnlzlng his group as the official municipal committee in Matamoro*. The other group has received no notlflcstlon to this effect lta lead* ers assert. Members of bcth groups would not comment Tuesday on whether the split In the party had anything to do with the reported lose of records LONG’S BODY (Continued From Page One) house lawn, tn the allm, graceful shadow of the capltol. Serv ices will be in charge of the Rev. Gerald U K Smith, a leader In Senator Lon*’* country-wide share-our-wealth” movement. The clergyman waa cloae by when Dr. Carl A- Weiss. Jr., Baton Rouge physician, mortally wounded the senator. Weiss was slain by Long's bodyguards. None but members of Senator Long's family and close friends were permitted to view the body before It was removed under a heavy guard of state police from a funeral home to the capltol. Want Impressive Funeral Long's associates planned to make his funeral one of the most im pressive In Louisiana’s history Arrangements were In the hands of the senator's closest friends, headed by Governor Allen, to whom the Long leaders have turned for temporary leadership. In Washington. Senators Caraway of Arkansas. Overton of Louisiana. Thomas of Oklahoma and ffchf'l or Minnesota were named to represent their colleagues at the funeral. The flags on the national caoltol end the senate and house building* were lowered to half staff. Hundreds of person* poured Into Baton Rouge, taxing to capacity hotels and private dwellings. The sense of shock that gripped the city on first news of the shoot ing and held It In somber silence after the death of Senator Long Tuesday gave way Wednesday to a subdued flurry of speculation over what would become of the all powerfull Long state polltcal ma chine. Whether Mayor i. wromw Waimsley of New Orleans. Long's bitterest political foe; the square deal association, anti-Long organi zation with which his troops dash ed cn the streets of Baton Rouge last January, or others would come Into power and break the Long ma chine entered the epeculitlon. Movement May Fai The fate of the ”share-our-wealth” movement, which Ltng built to na tionwide proportions and hoped to use as a stepping stone to the presi dency of the United 8tates. also was considered uncertain Leaders here anncunced Governor Allen would direct Its activities; others predicted that without Long it would break up. The Inquest called to establish the cause of Senator Long's death re sulted in a verdict from the East Bston Rouge parish ccroner'a Jury that he “came to his death from gunshot wounds of a homicidal character.” As Is customary m Louisiana, the verdict did not fix responsibility for the act. Inability to round up the body guards who pumped their guns Into Dr Weiss until they had riddled him with slxty-one bullet holes forced postponement until next week of the Inquest Into the eye specialist's death. The general Impression among officials was that the bodyguards would be absolved. The senator's 83-year-old father. Huey P. Long. fir. arrived here from Winnlfleld and viewed the body of his s:« Tuesday night. The body c’ad In a tuxedo lay tn a massive bronze casket In the rtrpzl of the mrrtur.ry In exactly the same spot where the day be fore the body of his assassin Dr Weiss had rested in a gray cloth casket, which was realed. A number of state officii la. In cluding O.vemor Allen, visited the funeral home. The chief executive was visibly moved as he looked on the face of his long-time friend. Mrs. Long and the children. Rose. Russell and Palmer Reid, did not go to the heme, but remained secluded In their hotel. New Orleans schools and stata and city government offices will be clos ed Thursday for the funeral. DEEP TEST TO (Continued from Page One) county, to be selected by the les sors. It Is underst:od that the over riding royalty was finally waived by the county but that It Is still demand ing 125 000 cuh and a drilling obli gation. Definite details of the pro posal have not yet been avsilable. Rebels Pursued MEXICO CITY. Sept. 11 —/yp— DlsDatches frera Henroslllo. Bonom. said Wednesday several groups oi armed men. believed to be rebels, had been seen near the town ot Altar. Federal cavalrv left Magdalena In pursuit, the dispatches said. It was also reported that Mexi can political exiles have crossed the border from the United States to Join the purported rebels. POTATO ACT (Continued Prom Pace One) tatcea Were grown during any one or more yean within the period of 1933* 34 inclusive. Application must be made lor such apportionment. The criticism that every back yerd truck garden would be affected ap* pern unjustified because the bill te received here provides for an exemp tion of farms with average sales of j 300 pounds or less. In making ap portionments, consideration will be given to quantity cf potatoes pro duced and sold In the past on e farm, the acreage of the farm avail able for productlm of potatoes and which the farmers are currently * equipped to devote to the produc tion of potatoes. Tax exemptions will be laeued to farms for the amount of potatoes equal to the apportionment made to such farms. Only bona fide growers during the current allotment year will be eligible to receive tax exemp tion stampe. The secretary of agriculture will establish and define potato predict ing sections on the bests of market ing perlcds and will fix the period during which tax-exemption stamps issued shall be valid in the various areas. All potatoes harvested on cr after Dec. 1 1935 and sold In the United States must be packed in closed A and marked containers to which tax 1 exemption stampe must be affixed. Proper records of potatces handled must be kept by produers and ship pers. A oenmlty of not more than 11.000 is provided for thoae refus ing to file such returns or filing false returns or keeping false rec ords Similar penalties are provided for other violations. Quotas for entry of potatoes rrom U. 8 territories and posses sions are to be established and all potatoes In excess of such quotas will be taxed the same as domestic potatoes in addition to the pay ment of the usual customs duties* Cubs is exemoted. A referendum Is to be conducted at least 30 days prior to the begin ning of each allotment year after the first allotment year. In other words there will be no referendum a before the first year that the law^ toes Into effect. Orowers will be permitted one vote for each 60 pounds apportioned to them and only one third of the rotes need be cast In opposition to the plan to render It inoperative. The secretary may change the tax to as low ss one half cent a pound If he finds the program tends to affect the potato market adversely Opponents of the bill, which con trary to the general supposition did not have the support of the Agricultural Adjustment Adminis tration. fear that the 30.000 large growers In the United States who are responsible for the measure may be able to outvote 1,00000 small growers because the referendum will be based on the amount grown and not one vote per grower. Constitutionality of the bin la questioned by other critics. Among the severest critics of the bill were the representatives making the minority report from the congressional committee. They were outspoken In their opposition, attacking Its constitutionality, de claring the measure unworkable, compulsory and expensive In ad ministration It Is estimated thal it would cost 612.000,000 to admin ister the act. The prediction of critics Is that potatoes will be bootlegged and that many citizens will bs spied upon to see whether they art violating the bill The measure also Is declared by critics to be unne cessaag. Those favoring the bin say that It cannot harm the potato business because It could not possibly be any worse than It Is now and that it may Ind.fjctly prevent chain store manipulation of the potato market. The bill Is intended to curb over production. A. E Mercker has beta named chief of the potato section and ho will be r%-dated by H. C. Thompson, head of the department of vege table crop of Cornell University. The newly formed potato section will be a unit of the division of tobacco, sugar, rice and peanuts headed by J. B. Hutson who will have general supervision over the potato program. Mercker has had many years ex perience in marketing fruits and vegetables and has served with sev eral farr-'rs co-operatives and the bureau i* markets of the U. 8. Dept, of Agriculture. In 1937 he was chief of the New Jersey State Bu reau of Mar I -s The national potato allotment Is expected to be ready for an nouncement by Nov. 1. This allot ment wiU mean tax free potatoes. Only potatoes in excess of allot ments will be taxed. $225,000 IS (Continued Prom Page One) to supply both on this project. Ak ' wpa expenditures are outrlTht grants. and there is no repayment to be made. The channels which would be dredged under the project are from the mouth of the Arroyo Co'or ado «—cs5 the Laguna Madre to Padre Island, from about the middle of this channel In a northerlv direc tion to Redflsh Bay. and south to Port Isabel. Chambers said the district would probably pay part of the coet of dredging the channel from Port Isabel, asking the WPA to pay for the remainder of the dredging. These channels, the district of* flcial exolalned. win be five feet in deoth. and from 00 to 70 feet in width, designed to- fishing boats and other small craft. The entire program will link Har lingen with the coasts’ fishing and pleasure areas generally. The district has approximately 1180 (XX) on hand from Its orltlnal bond Issue sale. Chambers said. Dr. ReBell to Open Office at Mercedes toTh# H»raltf> MERCEDES Sept 10 —Dr. F. O ReBe’l. physician and surgeon who spec'a’ired in the studv of tropical medicine at Johns H'-pkina Univer sity. will open offices here Thurs day. The offices win occupy the upper flrs In the Central Power & Light building. Dr. ReBell formerly practiced medicine In Columbus, Ohio, and he resided In Baltimore. Md., while rpecialislng In the study of tropical medicine.