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Established July 4. Utl As s Dally Newspaper, by Jesse O. Wheeler i* E. STEIN ............................. Publisher RALPH L. BUELL . Editor Published every afternoon (except Saturday) and Sunday morning. Entered as second-class matter in the Postoffice. Brownsville. Texas. THE BROWNSVILLE HERALD PUBLISHING COMPANY 1283 Adams St. Brownsville. Texas MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use of for publication of all news dispatches credited to It or not otherwise credited in this paper, and also the local news published herein. Any arroneous rejection upon the character. standing or reputation cf any peraon. firm or corporation which may Occur Ln the columns of THX BROWNSVILE HERALD will na gladly ccrrw ted upon being brought to the attention ol «n* management Ibis paper s first duty la to print aU the news that's fit to print honestly and fairly to all. unbiaeed by any consideration even including tte own editorial opinion TEXAS OAILT PRESS LEAGUE National Advertising Representative Dallas. Texas. 112 Mercantile Bank Bldg Kanaa* City. Mo. 301 Interstate B.dg Chicago. HI, ISO N Michigan Ave. Loe Angelas. Calif.. i01S New Orpheum Bldg. New York. N Y.. 60 East 42nd Street. •t Louis. Mo.. 505 Star Bldg Ben Francisco. Calif.. 155 Sanaoms St _____ SUBSCRIPTION RATES earrlar—In Browusviu# and all Rio Orands Valle: Sltiee. 18c a week. 75c a month By Mall—In The Rio Grande Valley, in advanoe: one year •7 0J: sli months 83 75. 3 months. 82 ,h* Rto brand# .Valley: 7So pei month. 89 00 per year; e months. 84.50. Wednesday, September 11, 1935 U. S. Desires Peace But Keeps Powder Dry The United States fleet having maneuvered ex tensively in the Pacific and the United States army having gone through its warlike paces in the Adiron dack*, this summer might be recorded as the one in which Uncle Sam oiled up his squirrel rifle, whetted his bowle knife on his boot, and let the neighbors know that he was ready for anything anyone cared to start. It looks. In other words, as if we have gone in for militarism In a big way. But the give-away—the straw that shows which way the wind really is blow ing—was contributed not by the army and navy, but by Congress. Right at the tail end of everything, Congress I»ssed an unprecedented new wartime embargo law. It didnt go as far as it might have, but the law was unmistakably designed to keep the country out of war. and within certain limits it ought to be highly affective. This pacifists gesture, coming on the heels of the greatest double-barreled display of military and naval might we ever put on in peacetime, seems like n contradiction. As a matter of fact, it was not. This country is as fond of peace as It ever was ... but the post-war years have at last taught it something. Beginning in 1922, the United States government devoted a full 10 years to the cause of naval arms reduction. After the Washington treaty It scrapped the mightiest warships ever built. Thereafter It Studiously refrained from building up to treaty limits, and It went to conference after conference in an effort to get naval limits down still farther. All this went, as the saying goes, for Mr. Sweeney. The riveting hammers are clanging in shipyards all the way from Japan to Germany. And if. after all this wasted effort. Uncle Sam decides to exercise his fleet out beyond the Hawaiian somewhere—well, who can blame him? And as for the army maneuvers . . . well, by super human effort we managed to get 36,000 soldiers, counting National Guardsmen, in one spot at one time. And Just as we were getting through with this display of military might. Italy put on her own war games and paraded an army of 500.000 men—as if to remind us that our army is a mere pigmy com pared with the armies of the other great powers. It would be foolish to say that this summer has *ecn the United States swinging toward militarism. That munitions embargo law Is the real tip-off on how the nation feels about war. The army and navy exercises were nothing more than common sense preparations for the unexpected. A Vivid Lesson In Crime Finding of the body of John Hamilton In a gravel pit grave near a small town In Ullnoia seems to write “finis" to the story of the Dilhnger gang; and If there ever was a story which ought to dispel the glamour which Is supposed to Invest the lives of out laws. this surely Is the one. It Is hard to recall any outlaw gang which was as completely and ruthlessly crushed as the Dilllnger mob. Dillinger was shot down In an alley, Plerpont waa electrocuted. Nelson and Makley and Van Meter and heaven knows who else were killed by officers ... and now, at the end we get this picture of Hamilton, dying from gunshot wounds as the gang fled fran tically from the law, burled hastily In a gravel pit by the wayside as Nemesis closed In on the survivors. It's a dark picture. Any Impressionable youth who can study It and still feel that there Is something gay and dashing about an outlaw’s life ought to have his head examined. Better Brains Than Beauty There seems to be something about running a school that leads men to want to try out freak Ideas. The latest stunt of this kind comes from Rockford, 111., where a school superintendent Is quoted as hav ing ruled that applicants for Jobs as schoolma'ams henceforth must be beautiful as well as smart. To be sure, there is something to be said for the Idea. After all, the pupils have to look at teacher, more or less, all day long, week after week, month after month; if she be properly decorative, the mo notony Is doubtless agreeably lessened. But when you have said that, you have said -It all. School children are too smart to Judge by externals. The best-loved schoolma'am of this writer's youth was a veritable battle-ax upon whose countenance no admirer of beauty would have looked twice; but she happened to be a first-rate teacher, and her pu pils appreciated the fact and profited by it. We Won’t Fight For Oil It Is hardlv surprising to learn that the Standard Oil interests have withdrawn from the Ethiopian oil concession. Public opinion In the United States was so obviously and outspokenly unfavorable that the venture would have enjoyed little support at home; and It swiftly became evident that the temper of the people was unanimously against even the shadow of Tovemment backing for the project. The public reaction was pretty well exemplified In the remark of an Intelligent printer. “Well.” said this man. “are fought the last war for J. P. Morgan, and It looks as If well fight the next for Rockefel ler." When people are talking like that they are not In the mood to be cajoled Into taking up arms for the sanctity of oil concessions. This concession had a short life, and none will lament Its passing. Dangerous Symptoms Mark Typhoid Course By DR. MORRIS FISHBEIN Editor, Journal of the American Medical Association, and of Hygela, the Health Magaslne Typhoid fever follows a long and serious course once a person becomes Infected. During an Incubation period of from three to 21 days after germs enter the body, they develop and liberate their poisons. The average length of time Is 10 H days. The condition begins with the usual symptoms of Infection, such as headache, general pains In the body, a feeling of exhaustion and loss of appetite. Sometimes there are chills. Frequently there Is nosebleed, and almost Invari ably there Is disturbance of bowel action In the form of constipation or diarrhea. As the disease goes on. the person becomes sicker and sicker, occasionally developing a high fever with a stepladder rise, and severe chills. Thera Is a tendency toward Involvement of the blood ves sels and the formation of clots. Rose spots appear on the skin at the end of the first or at the begin ning of the second week. In addition to the loss of appetite, there ma*y be formation of gas with consequent bloating of the body; and sometimes, because of the bloating, and ulcers In the bowels, sudden severe hemorrhages from the bowel. Sometimes the Infection and the poisoning affect the nervous system so that there is delirium and even the appearance of mental disturbance during the course of the disease • • • The physician who examines a patient with ty phoid fever makes his diagnosis from the history of the case and appearance of the symptoms, and also by careful studies of the blood. It Is possible to examine specimens of the blood and to determine by means of the so-called Widal test, named for the Frenchman who discovered It, whether the condition is quite certainly typhoid fever. Any serious complications, such as hemorrhage per foration of the bowel, and changes in the heart ac tion and nervoua system, demand prompt and careful attention by a competent physician. By R. J Scott SCOTT’S SCRAPBOOK - Uenjakaim Frankly r/ROl% -^HE FlR$7" 'ffeEA'fJ', IN 1778 , UNl<ED SfArfl* WI<H FRANCE — K WAS <HE FiRS< TTSEAvTy OF TNE. UN \TLD ?TATt> Va/iTR ANN f'O^EiQN POWER BaREFOOI^HiHDii | 4IRL$ DANCE ON BROKEN $LMS EKCEPr -THATT^E «LMS WHERE'fHEy DANCE HAS "l^E ED$E$ £MOcrtt(EP OFF AWD^E DANCERS* F£E' ARE 'TOU^HENEP Wi<ft AEUM If AHP RES** ; VvN 7TV IT REjQUIRES ATokI oF Coal To Produce ATbM OF BEET SUCjAR - X C«p>right. im. * IW A*ort*t*o«. - IL News Behind the News Capital and world goaalp, iwoa and personalltlaa in and out at tlM newt, written by a group ot tearless and inlormed newspaper men of Washington and New York This column la published by The Herald as a news feature Opinion* expressed are thoae of the writers as individuals and should not be in* terpreted as reflecting the editorial policy of this newspaper. WASHINGTON By Rav Tucker Shift — The National Coal asso ciation 'a acceptance of the Guffey bill has weakened the operators in their negotiations for a new agree j ment with the United Mine Workers. | It may — or may not — remove the threat of a major strike from the White House doorstep. At first the great Mellon coal in terests indorsed the Guffey propos als. But when they couldn't get what they wanted — elimination of submarginal mines and rivals — they backed out. Counsel Don Rose advised that the bill was unconsti tutional, though he held otherwise off the record. Anti-Mellon inter ests made capital of this discrep ancy. • Suddenly the Mellon group adopted a neutral attitude. The miners and sympathetic coal operators rushed the measure through congress in its closing hours. Now it is law the dominant Pittsburgh interests agree ' to string along. * • • • Greeks — United Mine President Lewis and the miners' representa tives don’t place too much trust in this shift of attitude. They think the coal interests intend to control the regional boards which will ad minister the Guffey Act. The most powerful operators fought the NRA bituminous code when it was first proposed st Wash ington. Then, as now, they soft pedalled their oppositlcn and acqui esced to NRA provisions. But they obtained control of the regional code authorities in many sections of the country and used their power to handicap their rivals. As a result, the code price and marketing structure broke down and necessitated estab lishment of a new system even if the supreme court had not outlawed the Blue Eagle. That’s why President Roosevelt’s selection of the men who will admin ister the Guffey Act becomes all-im portant in the eyes of coal capital and labor. Most of the applicants so far have been operators whose companies could not survive the de pression. Labor doesn't like the list, fearine they will revert to type. It does not trust coal operators bearing gifts. Under — Although Charles West. White House liaison man. was nam ed Under Secretary of the Interior to Improve relations between Boss Ickes and the politicians Mr. Ickes | apparently holds no grudge. When ever he leaves Washington he gives young Mr. West full authority to act in his place But Mr. West wont get much time to serve as the president's research ercpert and errand boy under the routine mapped out for him by Mr. Ickes The latter has piled up enough work on the West desk to keen the erstwhile contact man oc cupied for months. If the president hoped that the loyal Mr. West would serve as a political check on hts independent cabinet member he wa« mistaken. Mr. Ickes has given his new under secretary an office on a floor four down from his own Already they refer to Mr West as "Pour Floors Under Secretary." • • • Tsefnl? — Some wise republicans are beginning to lose less sleep over Herbert Hoover’s political promi nence as the 1936 election ap proaches. They think it might be a good Idea to encourage it. Their idea is that recurrent talk of Mr. Hoover as a possible presi dential candidate will draw demo cratic fire against him. They have undoubtedly heard that Charley Michelson's publicity strategy is to elaborate on the ‘‘Hoover crash" wherever he sends out New Deal I publicity. The democrats* one an swer to criticism of Roosevelt seems to be: “Do you want to go back to Hoover?” He is the ghost with whom the Farley forces hope to frighten the political children of 1936 But If the OOP suddenly names a man who has no provable sympathy with Hoover policies — Borah. Knox or Land on — it would force the democrats to make a quick shift in strategy. In other words, Mr Hoov er as a “camouflage candidate" might turn out to be a real help to the real nominee. • • * Help — The lull In New Deal ac tiT-,fies these days is not deliberate. It results from the fact that de partmental emergency administra tors are occupied with writing reg ulations to carry out legislation pass ed In the last few minutes of the recent session. Until they have been promulgated nobody will know how far-reaching the various new laws are. TVA. AAA and the National Labor Rela tions Board are drafting rules which entrust them with far greater power Ot BLUE DOOR h , l^aclagl _ MECilX HUME TODAY MLTH WOODIOX, 19 r*ii» **4. mm •rfkai, I««tn BmUra >7 bao In th« mM-wm! M Ink tor • Job. VmMo to MJ Hr Caro, oho to »at o* tho bao ta tbo ttt tto towa ot Worth vtllo. Jaot oo a otorai ta brookIn*. Math ocoho she I tor ta aa oM otoao boaao with a Mao 4*or aa4 tala to troai baa Kjaat aa r*NNY. tbo o!4 boaao tor. oo*ao tho 4oor. Math to oarrto4 apotalro by tbo o>4 woaaa. aootato4 by JOHN Me KEILU tna aoxt 4oow. Tbo *14 woataa alitakti Math for ■ IAIIB rHALVERI. wbooo oraaOtatbor ballt tbo boaao. Math lota bar eootloao to tblak this, ■ko ta aokaato4 at bar 4o«*otioa aa4 rooolroo to olio away, bat Bo ol 4 eo to stay looser whoa Praay tolls hor tbo aoxt 4ay to bar 75th Mrth4ay ao4 ploa4t wftb Math to atoko “a loo* riolt.* Elalao Ckalaiora. atoaawktlo. at SrayraotU C*lle*e. rows ta a oo rortty arttl*( to wta tbo loro of her brat oweotboort. Joha Re* Nr III. Rbo wrttoo hint a lottor. tellla* blot oh* plaao a otott to Worth rill*. bat fatta to wall tbo teller. _ Whoa Potty tarao over to Math a bos of lovely clothe*, ooat by tbo Ckalatert faailly for a raot ■i|i sal*, tbo girl rooolroo to wear tbear. “lento* charity fall where It will.- the has proatlscA Joka to ** fa* a r!4o with bias that eveala*. MOW M ON WITH THE RTOHY CHAPTER XII RUTH apent the day entertain ing Penny. That U to aay, ahe lUtened to Penny and ahe talked to Penny. She waa well rewarded. There waa -the knowledge that ■he had made the lonely, half blind old woman happy, and there waa the nsefnl Information ahe gleaned In regard ko Elaine a family. Elaine s lamer, me raarneu from Penny's rambling tales, was an admirable young man who was killed in the World War. (Rath thought, “At least Blaine Chal mers and I have that in common —oar bravo fathers whom we can’t remember.’*) Elaine's moth er, “Miss Gwen." eventually mar ried a second time. The man was an old suitor. Higate Deal of Wall Street fame. In sneaking of Deal. Penny hinted dark things. "He’s ruinin’ yonr grandpa's railroad. Now that he's got hold of it they don't pay the stockholders around here like they used to. 1 bear re ports—" She stopped, as if afraid she had said too much. Ruth, in tufn, Invented inter esting accounts of Blaine’s life in the east. "I won a swimming event at Newport, Penny!” "At Saranac one time 1 was skiing and took an awful tumble. The young man who picked me up afterward pro posed to me. but mother and Mr. Deal didn't approve. so nothing came of It.” "Maybe he didn’t have enough money," remarked Penny with a faint snort. Any mention of Higate Deal seemed to throw her into a suppressed rags. • • • RUTH led her to talk of "Grand father Hunter." the old rail road king. "There was a man for you!” Penny declared. "Six-foot two. White hair piled on his head like a corn shock. A nose like an eagle's beak. He spoiled his children—your mother and Uncle Duncan—somethin’ nwfnl. but he never spoiled himself. He let ’em go east to school and do as they pleased. But he always said the state of Ohio was good enough for him. Polks around here still talk about Si Hunter. It they knew you was in town, his only grandchild, they'd likely write a piece about you ta the paper." "Penny." exclaimed Roth ta real panic, "If anything like that happen* I’l leave town! I—I hate publicity!" She made Penny take a solemn oath that aha woald tell no one of her presence. “1 wouldn’t anyway." Penny explained. "1 keep to myaelt. People pry. There’s lota of thtnga I’d die before I’d tell ’em!" She peered around her defiantly, as If holding the whole town at bay. "Tea, Penny." eald Ruth sooth ingly. and patted her arm. "Would yon mind If I’d go for a ride with John McNeill before supper? He asked me this morn ing." Penny relaxed. “Do go, Mlaa Blaine. It'll do you good. Only be sure to put on that warmer suit. It’s turned ehllly with the rain." Ruth and John McNeill were both 10 minutes early for their appointment. Ruth answered the door when he rang and said. "I meant to keep you waiting. This ehlldish eagerness of mine la going to ruin you." "I’m easily spoiled," John re plied as he helped her Into the low-swung roadster which was parked before the porch. 'Tor Instance, that kiss prece dent Couldn’t we do It—once, say. every time we meet?" “Why should we?” Ruth asked In a cool, aloof voice. "Why?" repeated John McNeill slowly, starting his car and pon dering the question. "I was hop ing you'd Just want to. Elaine. The way I do. My mistake—" He swung the ear out of the circling driveway onto the street, and Immediately assumed a more impersonal attitude. "Ton said the country, I believe Well, we're on the edge of town now. You’re about to see something very choice In rustle scenery.” Rutb said. "I suppose you’ll tell me this la the garden spot of the world—finest soli, finest crops, finest elimate. finest every thing." (Her heart was saying, "Little fool, you chilled him by your priggishness! Why shouldn't you klse when you meet? Aren't you supposed to be lifelong friends?”) rjE slowed the ear to point oat ** a rambling brick house with an avenue of trees leading to It He said, “You recall that place, of eourse. The Phillipses still live there. Lucy's at Vaisar now. I guess you see her sometimes te New York?" "It’s funny," Ruth answered, "1 never do. Has she changed much?" "Not as much as you have," John McNeill said. He offered her a elgaret which she took, hoping she was not too awkward at eatching the light he offered her. Elaine, she felt would smoke under the circum stances. He said, looking at her until the match burned his fingers, “You look lovely today. Mind my telling you?" “Mind? I like It But we'N have to give credit to my clothes. I’ve always liked this suit It s more flattering than the little rag I arrived ln.“ "When 1 first saw you." John | remarked, “you were the limpest little piece of wreckage I ever laid 1 eyes on. It was a first-class faint If I ever mv one.** "Wh»t a way to enter your Ufa after an sigh t-y ear absence!" Rath mourned. “At my aery wont." “At your very moat Impres sive," be disagreed. “I’ve met several hundred perfectly turned out fir la la my day. and promptly forgot 'em. I never before picked up oae that looked like a vet dieh-rag fallea off the Uae, and. flee minutes later, saw her tura Into a thing of beauty right under my nose." "Did you realise who I was?* Ruth asked curiously. He said. “Until Penny started calling you 'Miss Blaine' It never entered my head that you were anything but a little nobody try ing to find a dry spot-" e • • rIE car sped through the rain Uke a smooth, purring animal that delighted to transport them. Darkness bad fallen and the head lights outlined a road that was level and faintly curving. Ruth thought, "Heaven must be like this. I’d like to crystallise this hour and keep It always, shining * like the headlights and the rain on the vet leaves. Only 1 can’t. I think I want us to hit a tree and crack up and end It all before I stop being Elaine to him. Be fore he finds me out for a cheat and a liar—“ But they didn't crack up. John was an excellent driver, and pres ently he turned the ear around and drove home. As they turned into the driveway he Mid, “I guess old Bertha’s going to ask a few dozen Questions about this ride." "Who?" asked Ruth blankly. “Bertha 6 1 b b a," he Mid. "Penny." “Oh!" laughed Ruth. “Imagine me not recognising her name!" “8he’s a funny old creature." John remarked, not noticing. "Sometimes I think she's gone a little potty. In the last few years she's taken to dodging everybody. Even my mother." “People often seem queer as they get old," Ruth offered. **lt's usually lust because their facul ties aren’t keen and they don’t keep up with the times. What ever makes people think Penny's crasy?” “Well," answered John, “she’s got the dam'dest habit of painting the front door a bright blue! She does It at night—every few weeks, winter and summer. She leu the rest of the place go hang, but she never passes up that door. I ask you. honey. Is that crasy or not?" “It's crasy," Ruth agreed. "Bet I'm not afraid of her, John. Other , ways she's normal. She's 71 yMrs ' old today, by the way." “Too old to be a menace, I guess,** John Mid. "Still I worry about you being shut up in that ' old barn with her. You might m well be alone." They had reached the boese and he was helping her acroM shimmering little pools of water to the steps of the dark porch. Ruth Mid softly, "Please keep on worrying about ma I don't need j R but I like It!" After she had gooe inside. John McNeill stood for a time before the dark, still house, wondering why be felt as If the heart and breath of him was locked up la | side tt (To Be Oovtinard) than they ever hid before. Some of the administrative deductions may surprise the members of congress who cast the votes for these all-pow erful statutes. In fact, letters written to various New Deal agencies by democratic legislators cast a comic sidelight on the recent session. In most instances the members ask for an ABC ex planation of the laws which they nassed at the request of the White House The folks back home are ap parently asking questions which their representatives cant answer without advice of political counsel. • • • Job — J. B Hutson is Director of the Division of Tobacco, Sugar, Rice and Peanuts in the AAA system. Control of these commodities is child’s play compared with cotton or what control. So Hutson is sad dled with Potato Control — and that will hold him awhile. Hutson must mobilize the farm ers into a self-supervising army of potato inspectors, statisticians, as sessors. etc. They will be added to Henry Wallace’s present fanners’ corps of 112.000 per diem workers. The potato tax is expected to pay for spud control. • • • Pioneer — Although the Tennessee Valley Authority's rew labor pro gram passed almost unnoticed at the end, it was designed as a New Deal landmark. It guarantees work ers on this government project vir tually all the demands the Ameri can Federation of Labor has been fighting for. It was framed in con sultation with some of the Presi dent's important aides. It will be extended to many other federal projects which employ mil lions of men. It will, naturallv. set a pace for private Industry Uncle Sam’s workers will — in fact, are expected to — describe their advan tages to comrades who work in near by factories and the result may be to lead them to ask for the same treatment. TVA may prove to be a pioneer step In other fields than power. • • • Notes — A sidelight on politics wl!! be given by the Pennsylvania primaries on Sent. 17 .. Democratic registrations show gains over re publican as compared with four years ago . . . Latest information Is that Jim Farley and Upton Sinclair didn't make a bargain after all — Sinclair demands too much for turn ins the democratic delegation over to Roosevelt ... Hiram Johnson, re Dublic*n. will be Roosevelt's right hand man in touring California . . . Plenty of speculation surrounding Secretary Moreenthau's trip to Eu rope — "stabilization?'* Bahia. Brazil. Is built on two levels, one section 195 feet higher than the other. A hugeelevator is employed to carrv people up and down between the two sections of the city. Factographs The word mausoleum Is derived from the tomb erected at Halicar nassus to Mausolus. King of Carla, by his widow, Artemesia. A panopticon is a circular prison In which the cells and their occu pants are constantly visible to guards stationed In a central tower. The motor vehicle commissioners of the Individual states determine the color of the automobile license plates. Martin Luther Is credited with 37 hymns. Of these. “Ein Feste Burg" Is regarded as his masterpiece. Capers are unexpanded flower buds of a tropical plant, preserved in vinegar. Customer: I inserted an advertise ment for my lost dog In the paper here Has anything been heard of it? I offered a reward Office Boy: Sorry, all the editors and reporters are out looking for the dog. BOYS WILL PLAY Mrs. Johnson had gone away from home, leaving Mr. Johnson behind. Dinner Stories HUNT IS ON ^tftE.V'loLD ME ) COME £WC<S mm t=aix-3 Patience u not much el a virtue when it bweai m wuuog lot aomcthuK to tun ua too busy to be able to leave town just then. On arriving at her destination she missed a gold pin. and wrote to her maid, asking the girl to let her know whether she had found anything on the dining room floor. From the maid she received this reply: “When sweeping the dining room floor this morning, I found 30 matches, four corks, and a pack of cards." Barbs Max Baer to use crouch in his coming battle with Louis After a couple of rounds, undoubtedly, a couch will be substituted. • • • Mussolini, whose sons Just left for the African ••front", evidently believes in heir-conditioning. German barbers are commanded to report any "subversive talk” among their customers. So there is a place barbers' patrons are able to get in a word. • • • At those parties reported given in Washington by lobbyists, a popular number undoubtedly is “My Bill.** One^minute Pulpit But if a man live many years, and rejoice in them all; yet let him re member the days of darkness: for they shall b; many. All that cometh is vanity.—Ecclesiastes 11:8. _ SAVING ON POOD Now la the tlms to makt trap* jellies and Jama for winter consumption Huckleberries, peaches, era bap pi as. and plums also are plentiful Home canning at this season offers the royal road to worthwhile economies in the winter I ;ood budget. CAN NINO AND PRESERVING. avau I able through our Washington Informs* tion Bureau, offers more than 100 test* ed recipes for fruits, vegetables, meats —Jellies. Jams, conserves, marmalades, pickles, and fruit Juices. How to can meats and chicken. It Is the last word on efficient home canning. Enclose ten cents to cover cost, han dling and postage. USE THIS COUPON The Brownsville Herald. Information Bureau. Prederle J Haskm. Director. Washington. D. C. I enclose herewith TEN CENTS In coin (carefully snapped' for a coot of the booklet CANNING AND PRESERVING. Name Street City (Mall to Washington. D. C ) Answers to (Questions BY FREDERIC J. RASKIN A reader can |it to* um to any quMtlon of foot by writing Tteo Brownsville Hertld. Information Buroou. Frederic* <1. H**kVn. Dirse tor. Washington. D. 0. Please sn ■ close three (S) cento far reply. Q. How much cement will bo bm4 In building the Grand Coulee dam? S. B. A. About 10.000.000 barrels. • • • Q Is It hard to Irani to ploy ket tledrums? N. A. A. The Etude says that the art of playing the tympanl la not easily mastered. They are as difficult to play as the violin. A person should first be a fair pianist, then lsam to play snare drum, bass drum, traps, cymbals, bells and the xylophone. Then he begins on kettledrums. Ho must learn to tune by hand or pedal, to roll, learn pedal effects. gUasan dos. and double rolling. He must also have absolute pitch. • • • Q. How ran books be printed on India paper when writing seems to took through the paper? R. D. B. A. Printing ink Is made differ ently and remains to a great extent on the surface, while writing ink la usually fluid, and sinks Into so thin a paper. • • • Q. What Is the origin of the ex pression. going the whole hog? J. W. V. A. It is believed to have originat ed In the slang use of the word hoc. meaning a ducat in Jewish, or one shilling in medieval English. Q. What it the troposphere? ¥. C. A. It la that portion of the atmos phere lying below the stratosphere or Isothermal layer, and within the convective disturbances are con fined. It is also known as the con vective region, a term first applied to It by Telsserenc de Bort. • • • Q. Who invented the vacuaa cleaner? G. 8. F. A. David T. Kenney of New York Is credited with Installing the first pure vacuum system In 1902. and about 1905 Dr. William Noe or San Francisco constructed the first port able vacuum cleaner. • • • Q. What is the difference between a “patent pending" and “patent ap plied for?” M. B. A. They have practically the seme meaning Each indicates that the inventor has started negotiations to ward procuring a patent. • • • Q. What is the meaning ef Ales sar? E. M. A. This Is the name applied to va rious Moorish palaces In Spain Or iginally constructed as forts they are nevertheless chiefly ncled for their decorative work and arcaded courts. The alcazar of Seville, built in the 14th century on the site of a Moorish citadel of 1181. and restor ed In 1824 and 1857 Is one of the most famous. • • • Q In which of the national parks are the most geysers found? 8. A. A There are more geysers in the Yellowstone than In all the rest of the world together. • • • Q. Is the apricot a native fmtt of England? A. B. A. It is a native fruit of the coun tries east of China and Japan. Brought from Asia Minor. It waa first Introduced into England by Richard Harris, a fruiterer to Kins Henry VIII In -540. • • • Q When were vigilantes first or ganised in this country? H. F. A. The term has been applied In this country to any self-constituted Judicial bodv occasionally organiz ed in the western frontier districts for the protection of lile and prop erty. The first group of prominence bearing the name was organized In San Francisco In June. 1851. when the crimes of desperadoes who had Immigrated to the gold flelda were rapidly increasing In number. • • • Q. What was the Twelve Tables? C. H. A. They are the earliest code of Roman law. civil, criminal, and re ligious. made by the decemvirs In 451-449 B C.. The original brans* tablets on which the laws were writ ten ar» believed to have perlahed In the sack of Rome by the Gauls in 390 B C. Copies of them stood In the forum In the second century A. D. Q Where did the alrdale origin ate? H. L. P. A. The breed oriflnated in York shire, England. • • • Q- Who built the Trianon tn the Park of Versailles? H. C. A. The Grand Trianon was built In IMS by Louis XTV for Madame de Malntenon The Petit Trianon was built by Louis XV In 1766 for Madame du Barr}'. • • • Q. What was accomplished by Admiral Byrd’s second expedition to the Antarctic? M. M. A. Among the accomplishments of the expedition may be mentioned the fact that the explorers proved by ship and aeroplane that the un mapped space north of the 75th par allel. between the 120th and 160th meridians west, is a part of the Pa cific Ocean They spent 600 hour* studying cosmic rays 2000 miles far ther south than ever before. In as tronomy. thanks to the cleamett of the atmosphere, they did remark able work on meteors, seeing on an average one a second They traced the Edsel Ford Mountain Range for hundreds of miles, settling in the affirmative the question whether Antarctica Is a single mass. • • • Q What will remove grease spots made by hair oil on upholstered fur niture? C. O. L. A. Thev may usually be removed by applying carbon tetrachloride. Correctly Speaking Long, straggling sentences without grammatical plan and covering cither too many Ideas or too many periods of time to make a definite impression are a palpable violation of unity. WORDS OF WISDOM Success is counted sweetest by those who ne'er succeetL—Emlly Dickinson.