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The Leon reporter. (Leon, Iowa) 1887-1930, January 18, 1900, Image 8

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Governor Urges Liberal Treat
ment of Educational
St«te Board of Control Is Stronefy
Commended—Is Opposed to
Prize Fights.
DrsMoines, Jan.
honorable body
1 ofthe
10.—The povern-
or's message was read to both houses
Of the legislature yesterday. It follows:
To the Senate and House of Represen
tatives of Iowa:
In obedience to
constitutional re
quirement, I have
the pleasure of
submitting to your
the following state­
ments, concerning the condition of the
•tate, together with some recommenda
tions for legislative consideration.
Never in our history has labor found
more ready employment or more lib
eral remunreatlon never has agricul
ture generally been mora prosperous
yielded better returns: never has
business been more universally active
•r reasonable profits for invested cap
ta.1 more secure and never were the
finances of the state in a more sat.s
ractpry condition than at the present
At the beginning of the last fiscal
term, there were unpaid warrants out
standing to the amount of $447,500.73.
At the same time there was cash in the
treasury $36,672.96, leaving the net in
debtedness of the state $410,827.77. Of
the'outstanding warrants, the sum of
"63,834.84 was drawing interest, the
accrued amount of which at that time
Increased thfs indebtedness by an un
ascertained efum. Moreover, there re
mained of special appropriations made
by the Twenty-s'xth and former g?n
WSU' assemblies the following amount,
•JfS(Mt .which warrants had not yet
"SfW" drawn: $808,437.61. There was,
tfleyefore-, fo be paid out of the reve
..jtteB of the then succeeding term $719,
895.86. besides the interest on the out-
Btandlng w'ar'rants, in addition to the
ordinary e^cpensrs of the biennial period
*txa- the extraordinary expenditures
thai! the Twenty-seventh general as
Mmbly might authorize.
It is gratifying to
know that the ju
dicious provisions
made by the
Twenty-sixth and
general assemblies.
for the increase of public reve
nues on the one hand, and the reduc
tion of expenditures on the other, en
abled the state to meet all its obliga
tions, past and current, and to accu
mulate in the treasury, at the end of
the fiscal term/under review, a surplus
of $414,294.02^0ver and above ail out
standing Mjaaraints, subject, however, to
the yet Unexpended appropriations of
the Tw^nty-seventli and earlier gener
al-ajw&mblies. Of there, less than $20.),
remained undrawn at the end of
fiscal term. With these amounts
II expended, there will remain fully
.£220,000 to meet the expenditures of the
current term.
T&e receipts of general rev
et\ues ^during then fiscal
term from July 1, 1897, to
_Jjjly' 1, f899 aggregated...$5,979,403.29
treasury balance July
1} 1897, was....
T^tal^ revenues for
Vi Against this sum
warrants were
aravn during
term $4,198,494.93
Deduct all out
of the term...$4,196,49
Warrants paid
during the
.mount of outstanding
ants at beginning of
st thereon paid
lury casta June 30, 1899..
T?1®!-—, $5,116,076.25
At tne close of business on December
89. 1899, the treasury showed as fol
VSeneral revenue ..$ 566,970.33
Outstanding warrants at
\that date 29,710.36
'Net surplus $ 537,259.97
On December 31, 1897, the
outstanding warrants ag
gregated 579,966.00
Cash in treasury 108,643.47
Leaving a net indebted
Bess $ 471.320.:,8
The treasury is thus to better condi
tion than it was two years ago by $1
A Million
The surplus of $537,259.97, shown
above, is subject to reduction by the
special appropriations yet undrswn of
past general assemblies, amounting to
lesjb than $100,000.
The auditor of
state estimates the
receipts for the
current term at $',-
i.. 564,200 and the ex
penditures, without any special appro
priations made by the Twenty-eighth
general assembly, at $3,577,423 giving
a surplus of receipts for the current
term of $986,777. Adding to this sum
the balance of $220,000 cash in the treas
ury at the end $C the fiscal term in
excess of outstanding demands and un
drawn appropriations, gives fully $1,
200,000, which this general assembly
oan safely appropriate for special pur
poses. The above estimate assumes
the annual levy will be continued at
the present rate. I believe, however,
this can be reduced to at most two and
one-half mills for general revenue, and
three-tenths of a mill spscial levy for
purposes of higher education, making
an aggregate of two and elgth-tenths
mills as against an even three mills at
present. In view of the constantly in
creasing expenses of the state, incident
to a rapidly growing population, and
ever-multiplying number of wards of
the state, coupled with a noiiceable re
duction in the aggregate assessments,
the rate suggested is quite low—very
considerably lower than In most states
Iowa is exceeding
ly fortunate in her
banking interests.
She has more
banks than* any
other state In the union, and the con
dition of these institutions is very en
couraging. At the date of the reports
of incorporated banks nearest the first
of October,' 1897. the bank deposits of
Iowa were as follows:
State and savings banks...$ 50,491,525.61
National banks 27,502,301.25
Private banks (estimated). 25,000,000.03
Total $102,993,826.86
At the, date of their last reports, the
deposits were ,as follows:
State surd savings banks..$ 81,476,791.67
National banks .. 42,238,769.18
Private banks (estimated). 40,000,000.00
Total $163,715,560.85
.An increase of over 65 per cent in two
Of the more than $110,000,000 held by
national, state and private banks, in
rstigation convinced me that certainly
over one-half 4s owned by farmers and
the $S1,000,000 on deposit in savings
banks is held almost exclusively by
wage earners and people of limited in
come. Unquestionably the proportion
of unincumbered farms in the state ex
ceeds thit of ary other period. In ad
dition, the value of all agricultural
lands and of farm animals has very
materially appreciated within the last
few years.
Under these favor
able condlt'ons. I.
think the Twenty
ihtb general as-,
Great care, however, should be exer
cised. for it must be borne in mind that
it is easier for a state, as well as for an
Individual, to incur a liability than to
discharge onfe.
The ever-present temptation to plan
only for today, and to build temporary
sheds where permanent structures are
needed, should so far as possible be re
pressed. Iowa will appear on the map
of the world forever, and her popula
tion will multiply with the years. Wise
planning for the future distinguishes
the statesman from the mere politician.
I think, therefore, in expending the
somewhat more than a million dollars
now or soon to be available, at,least
a portion should be so placed as to
furnish enduring evidences of your
State Board
The Twenty-sev
enth general as
sembly made pro
vision for a board
of control, which,
for nearly two years, has had the man
agement of all our state institutions,
excepting those purely educational.
The policy thus inaugurated has re
sulted in a very cons.derable saving to
the state, and in addition the service
at mo3t of the Institutions, I am per
suaded, has been improved. When the
amount of work necessary to reorgan
ize the operative force of thirteen state
institutions and personally examine the
practical operations of each institution
separately and to all jointly, to install
a main office at the capitol with its
corps of untried clerks and assistants
Is considered, it must be conceded that
the three men composing this board
undertook, on July 1, 1898, an Hercu
lean task. The results show more
clearly than any words of mine how
conscientiously this duty was under
taken and how earnestly, faithfully and
untiringly it l»as been prosecuted. To
Justify the board of control system, it
is not necessary to defend each sep
arate aet, or to indorse the policy of
the hoard in every particular. If er
rors have been committed, the lessons
taught thereby will not need repeat
ing. Time will strengthen that which
Is weak, and experience will supply
whatever may be wanting.
Too Much
Great care should
be exerci -,ed that
the revenues of the
».ate be not wast
ed but, while this
is true, the unfortunate inmates of ojr
hospitals for the insane, tne Institut.on
for the Feeble-M.nded, the College and
the Industrial Home for the Blind, the
School for the Deaf, the Soldiers'
Orphans' home, and especially the Sol
diers' home, should be cared for—not
lavishly, but liberally. The people of
the state will approve a policy that in
sures ample food and suitable clothing
for the inmates of all these institu
tions, and the employment of teachers,
where required, the equal in qualifica
tion and ap ness with those engaged by
public school boards to instruct the
more fortunate. It is Idle to suppose
that equivalent talent can be oblained
to teach the same branches to the deaf,
the blind, and the feeble-minded at
less wajres than are paid amid more
congenial surrourdiiigs. Intellectual
ability and skill have a market value
and the state or Individual that buys
below current rates will receive corre
sponding service. The dominant senti
ment of Iowa is'favorable to good
wages, and the state should not by ex
ample teach private corporations les
sons In economy at the expense of la
bor. All that the people of the state
of Iowa require is 100 cents in service
for each dollar expended, and no one
need ever expect more. The board of
control will neither squander nor reck
lessly expend any appropriation the
general assembly may place at its dis
The public school
system oi iowa aas
had many en^om
iums pronounced
upon it, and needs
To say that it was
^Public Schools
not imply that
in effic.enc. With
women vJS^^^rsons
a0W, Uv:ng'
.a college educauou
tl T^al!
t0 be
lnnrni^ !(.coe w'ticnal institution of
now 11VI.J,,
la but uttle paat
tii6 piittie oc life, a revolution has
been wrought in thes^ imatters and,
while no one would reiW„ to former
conditions yet a syotem flhtaichi raa»lts
in the graduation of l,tv!9 yofinig' lauies
from the high schools of Iowa the cur
rent year, and only 954 young gentle
men is weak at a vital point. These
graduations are from town and city
schools, for rural districts do not gen
erally a fiord h.gh s.iiool privileges.
J. oat town and city schools are superior
t° those in rural districts will be read
ily observed as soon as the policy pur
sued by each is compared. As soon
as a girl arrives at the age of 17, she
find^ ready employment as the mls
tiess of a country publ.c school. If she
proves to be proficient, and possessed
of aptness to te&ch, after a few terms
in some summer 'school or perhaps a
year of .normal training, and after hav
ing attended a few county Institutes,
she may secure a position, at better
wages. In an intermediate grade in
town, where her efforts are supple
mented by the supervision of a prin
cipal or a city superintendent of
whose talents command from
$1,200 to $3,000 per annum. Here she
has also the advantages of regular
teachers' meetings, and association
with advanced scholarship and sk'll. If
she still improves, she may be promot
ed to the primary department at yet
increased wages, for it is now recog
nized that the best talent Is demanded
in the primary teachers. Or, if after
alternating in teaching and attending
school she obtains a collegiate educa
tion, she may secure a position in a
city high school. But if she makes lit
tle or no improvement she will con
tinue in the rural districts, with no su
pervision other than a county superin
tendent. who, owing to his varied du
ties and extensive field, is necessarily
unable to examine her work very often,
if ever. Let th:s custom be continued,
and boys will not remain In school, as
In former generations, until past school
age and, so long as a majority of the
tPachers. ii tm*n and city schools, are
women and girls, so long will a major
ity of the graduates be of the same
In several coun-
Recommenas ties of the state the
Township ''experiment has
System been tried of main
taining a oentral
township graded school, to and from
which tne pup/la are.conveyed in car
r.ages, at puDllc expense. Wherever
th.s plan has been adopted the results
have been most satisfactory. The en
rollment has been thereby invariably
increased, and the attendance has been
more regular batter teachers have
been employed, with correspondingly
improved scholarship, and in addit.on
the expenses have been very consid
erably reduced. This is the experi
ence also of other states where the
practice has become quite general. I
am not prepared to advise that, at
present, it be made universal. It is
probable that the erection of no more
single room subd.strict schoolhouse
should be permitted. Some encourag
ing legislation should, I think, be en
acted looking toward the establish
ment of graded s:hools within easy ac
cess of every farm in Iowa. This can
be accomplished gradually, by replac
ing existing schoolhouses with central
two or more room buildings, as fast as
occasion tp rebuild arises. The voca-,
tlon of the farmer, which Is so admir
ably adapted for rearing industrious,
and therefore self-supporting, children,
must not becorre offensive because of
the want of school privileges. The
generation now represented by the
youth of Iowa corresponds In out
ward conditions to that from the At
lantic states which controlled the af
fairs of this nation—politically, educa
tionally, professionally and commer
cially—a half qentury ago, and to the
generation, reared in the states bor
dering the Alleehnles, which la now in
control. .The children of the. Mississip
pi. Valley pill be command in turn,
-pradfeasors, will
ambitious generation. They will have
been bred, born and reared amid in
dustrious and hopeful surroundings
and in the future, as In the past, a
goodly percentage will be from the
rural districts. It should be the privi
lege of the general assembly to make
the best possible provision for the de
development of the intellectual re
sources of Iowa, which have never
been equaled by any generation, and
are not likely soon to be excelled.
of this
Normal Schools railways of Iowa. I
think it would be
better to locate tshem thus tham to fol'ow
geographical divisions, for the recson
that distance is not eo important a fac or
as accessibility. It Is frequently mop?
difficult to compass thirty mi'es rth and
sou.h than to cross the state from en
to west. There are quite a number of lo
calities ready, and anxious, to make to
the state donation of spacious groun's
and suitable buildings, already erected,
adequate for a school with an attendance
of from two to five hundred. Other com
munities are willing to idonate grounds
and subscribe t'.he needed money lo bu Id.
I think it would be both wise ard prudent
for the general assembly at this session
to locate at leas: four normal schools.
Forty or fifty thousand dol ars in prop
erty can be secured as a donat'on with
each school thus located. This woul1
equal an appropriation of two hundied
thousand dollars. It would cost less to
put these schools in operation than to
build the equivalent in additiocs to th8
existing plant and be much' more advan
tageous to the patron/? than one glean.ic
institution, where student influences a*-e
quite liaWe to overbalance that of teach
ers and instructors. Five normal schools
will not be an oversupply for Iowa. Mas
sachuset's has ten New York twelve:
Pennsylvania thirteen: Wiscons'n. with a
lees population than Iowa, already main
tain* seven while Minnesota and Mi
sourt each has four and Illinois ie build
ing her fifth.
In this and kln
dred matters
omy is not the syn
onym for states
manship. With a
central graded school in each township,
and with a superintendent of these
schoolsat sucha salary a?will command
the best talent In the market, to be se
lected by a board in the same manner
as city's superintendents are chosen,
and the employment of a corps of ma
tured teachers, a fair proportion of
whom should be men, wou'.d wonder
fully augment the effectiveness of our
educational system, and Insure the re
tention in the schools of our boys as
well as our girls.
The foregoing ob
servations natura ly
lead to the qua^t on
of normal school
Iowa possesses one
such lnsti:u lon"n "e-
state control and management. Th's hps
facilities to reasonably accommodate fix
hundred1 pupils. (During tlhe last year the
attendance has averaged over, one thou
sand. A better class of studen never
congregated. They are not sent to the
State Normal school in the fomd hope tt^at
they may develop into some hlng. m^
time, but they come voluntarily and m-ny
of them at their own expense, with the
settled purpose to moke men and women
of themselves, to take their places in the
battle of life, and to bear their share ft
the world's burdens. The schooi Is er issly
overcrowded. I do not believe Its capaci'y
ought to be materially increased. There
is a limit in number over which an in
structor can exercise a personal Influence
Until character Is firmly established, and
the bent of attainment and dedre well
fixed, the best results have ever been nc
compllshed, by comparatively small Insti
tutions. even when tihe equipment has
been below the standard. Afterwards,
the great, university, with its thousand*
of students, has its place. From seven
to eight hundred pupils is, in my opinion,
the maximum for any one normal schooi.
Favors Fonr
'I should be glad to
see a sta'e nornal
established on each
of the great trl:n
In the absence of
some afilrmatve leg
islation looking to
the speedy estab
lishment of mrre
normal schools unde
state cont'-'"3' ,t think some encouragement
6hoi:*° extended rr!v(i*°and donom
'--.avtonal colleges that aie now maintain
ing,\8r that may elect to maintain, a
normal department the equivalent in
grade to that established by the state.
What Iowa needs is educated teachers.
This she\ought provide for by furn sb
Ing the requisite facilities for educating
and training them. But, so long as the
state fails to do this, she ought to re
ward the enterprise and ph.lanJhTopy that
seek to meet the demand. I
no rea»on
why the board of educational examiners
may not be safely empowered to pres rihe
a course of study ana professional train
ing whidh, if adopted and carried out
private schools, shall entitle the grad
uates therefrom to the Eame official recog
nition, and to the same class diploma and
certificate as are accorded those who
complete the same course In the one
school maintained by the state. Why
compel the prospective t«acher. from lack
of accommodations in
The general assem-
University My will, of course,
„f carefully examine
the report and rec
lowa ommendatlons of the
o. t, board of resents ot
the State University. Here increa ed ap
pro'pr.ation.s are also asked, and are
much needed. I think it can be safely
said that no university has ever accom
plished more with such limited means.
Certainly, no money has been squandered
and the results have been phenomenal.
In view of the existence of a large num
ber of denominational institutions in lha
state, most of them furnishing excellent
opportunities for the acquisition of what
may be called a collegiate education, it
would seem to me unwise to leave our
State University a university in nima
only, but a college in fact. Professional
departments do not differentiate a ol eg
and a university. The state Should rro
vide that which private enter, r.se and
philanthropy do not. The Sta, University
should be made the center ar&und whi-h
all public and denominational schools and
colleges sVhould clu.-.ter, and it should be
able to, furnish the graduates from all
these institutions university advantages.
The people of Iowa are prepared, in my
opinion, to welcome a new era of uni
versity lniluenoe. This can be brought
about only by a more liberal policy, which
will be found conservatively outlined in
the report of the board of regents.
The Twenty-sixth
Liberal general aseemb.y di
Trcntmrntnf rected the levy ot a
treatment or
From information
Agriculture rf» received from the
Mechanio "SP fl^i«tit authority, I
Aiecnanic convinced
similar ways to feed a cow so as to pro
duce milk and butter at a profit of from
twenty to fifty per cent but there are
comparatively few who 6Cientifioal.y un
derstand the essential elements required
for t'he production of bone, and muscle,
and fat and milk and butter and fewer
still who know how to feed the rich soils
of Iowa so as to afford 100 par cent of
tproflt on the co3t of fertilization.
Wiithin the century the older mothers of
the neighborhood prescribed tradi.ionai
remedies for all the more common mala
es of our race while ^Uments cf ock
were treated by ubiquitous and untutored
jacks-of-a.l-trades who for instance, ad
ministered ohunks of salt pork covered
'with soot to. replace a supposed .lost cud.
Now both are placed In the oare of men
skilled In their profession and educated
ischools for t'lieir special preparation. But
while diseases of men and beasts are be
ing studied and adequate remedies pro
vided, who even professes to understand
the pathology of plants, and who is pre
pared to treat scientifically diseased cr ps
or diseased lands? These subjects are all
taught and practically demonstrated at
our College of Agriculture and Mechanic
Fntnre-, ~,
Shou Id Not Be
The future of' ag
riculture. therefore
the future of Iowa,
is most promis'n?. A
quarter of a cen'u
hence, amd possibly
in less time than that, the population of
the United States will be sufficient *o
consume the present annual product of
our farms. Our lands in the meantime
win have materially appreciated In value
a more diversified system of agriculture
will have been adopted, and the produc
tiveness of our 5G.OOO square miles of land
will, at least should, be increased fifty
per cent. This can be accomplished only
by a carfeul study of soils, of plant-lire,
and of animal husbandry, and by putting
the scientific knowledge thus acquired ,n
to practical operation. Theory is not al
ways practical, but truth Is. Whatever
to practical is philosophically correct, and
whatever Is scientifically true must of
necessity be practical. An experiment
station is maintained at our College of
Agriculture and Mechanic Arts, where
theories are put to praotical tests, and the
results are published for the information
of the farmers of our state thus benefiting
not only the pupils, but all who will take
tiie trouble to read Che bulletins.
It wai? the avowed Intent of Mr. Morrill,
the originator of the measure, and of a'l
friends of the grant of lands in aid of
this institution, to establish a school for
the special preparation of men and women
for industrial pursultis. The departments
of civil, mining, electrical and me^hanicl
engineering, and many others slmi arly
practical, evidence the good f.aith purpose
of trustees -and all connected with the
institution, to make it what its name im,
plies—a college, not only of agriculture,
but of mechanic arts as well. All de
partments related to industrial pursuits
demand and deservo favorable considera
tion toy Ulie general assembly.
I doubt the wisdom
of duplicating un
liecassariiy the de
oartments of our
three great educa
tional instltuticn
They should be in no sunse rivals. The
university should not be a school of po y
technics, but in fact a university. The
normal schools, assuming we must have
more than one, should not be colleges cf
liberal arts, and neither the universi.y nor
the College of Agricu.tare aind Mei hario
Arts has place or room for chairs of ped
agogy. Let the special field of each b»
kept distinct, and each perfected fey lib
eral appropriations. Then all shall know
where the object of the.r quest can be
obtained, and the state will be able to fur
nish as good as the market affords.
I think the reoom-
Tlirce-tenths mentations of the
ofn Mill board of trustees ave
conservative, aiM
Tax that a special tax of
one-tench of a mi
per annum for five years for improve
ments can be safely grapted. I have no
question as to the wisdom of a aieclal tax
of three-tenths of a mill for purposes oi
advanced education. One-tenth of a ml.l
eaoh for normal schools, for the unlver
*or "le College of Agriculture
aiad Mechanic Arts, will place these
schools in greatly improved condition at
the end of five years,, and 'will avoid ap
propriations in anticipation of revenues.
»his will annually yield something over
*50,000 for each, and w.ll impose a tax of
only 42 cents per annum upon the av
erage quarter-section of land. The effect
is che -same as repeated annual appro
priations of a like amount, but is prefer
«tle .for the reason that it efiables the
legents "amt-trustees act intelligently.
-Knowing what can be re.led upon, erm i
nent plans can be formulated with the
?f consummation. Nothing
worthy of Ioiwa can be accomplished so
executive officers of these in­
stitutions are left in doubt regard,ng the
policy of the state.
ihis recommendation need not prevent
some considerable reduction in the ag
gregate annual levy. The proposition
imply contemplates the establishment,
so tar as it is possible for one gene at
assembly so to do, of a policy tthat shall
insure permanent improvements and a. old
large appropriations to be raised or ex
pended in any single year.
normals, to
attend a school maintained ty private en
tenprke, and then deny equai advantages
for the equivalent in '.rainingV.and educa
tion? At present the few teachers Who
are educated in our one normal school,
as well as the graduates from the var'oui
col.eges of the state w'hc choose teachi^
as a profession, are eagerly sought ami
employed by town amd city boards. My
contention is that the rural distr cts re
quire, and are entitled to the services of,
as good teaciiers as towns and ci ies. It
this demand shall be even partially met,
„increased facilities of tome kind are Im
rt ham been the
custom for some
years to relea-e con
victs. confined in
our penitentiaries,
.. upon parole, eo.idi-
pioned that they sorupulous.y absent
themselves from saloons and places Wt.ere
intoxicating liquors are kept or so.d, and
in ai. respects demean themselves as
worthy cu.zens. if the party violates
these conditions, he is rearrested and re
turned to the penitentiary to serve the
Qa la nee of his term. In the last ten jea a
suspensions of sentence for fe.ony have
been granted, and 269 for minor ouei s_*.
v. ",luse omy fifty-three have been re
voked. Doubtless some more of the re
leased canvictis have resumed vicious prac
tices wltJhout having been detected. A
large percentage, however, have been re
stored to lives of usefulness, and the dlg
n.Ly of the law has in no measure Buf
fered violence. I think the plan should
be encouraged by express statutory pro
vision, and I rec immend, in ca»e file of
fender violates tne terms of his parole,
that he be made to forfeit the good time
he may have earned prior to hbs re.ease.
Parole System
tax of one-
State University tenth of one mill per
annum for five years
for the improvement fund of Che univer
sity. The Twenty-seventh general as
sembly continued this tax for. one year.
This emabled the board of regents to act
intelligently and with full knbwledge ot
the amount to be realized from the ap
propriation. The result is a much needed
col.egiate building, which, when com
pleted, would toe an honor to any educa
tional institution in the United 6tates. I
think this special tax can be safely con
tinued for an additional five years. Left
it appear excessive, it may be well to
know tthat even with this special appro
priation the University of Iowa is not
being dealt with very liberally. The pres
ent income of this Institution can be
doubled and still be below the average of
similar institutions' in other states. Ne
braska expends annually over $280,000 in
support of its university Minnesota and
Illinois each expends over $350,000 Wis
consin over $400,000 a.nd Michlgai* over
$500 006 while the annual inebme ot the
State University of Iowa J150,03S. Iowa
cannot compete with other states without
fearlessly meeting the conditions.
paid the bills connected therewith, first
seeing that they were approved and in
dorsed by the federal officer in cnarge.
Of -the $149,484.01 expended by the s.a e,
$91,483.78 has been refunded -by the gen
eral government. The balance is now
pending as a claim before the department,
but it will require add tlonal congressional
legislation to authorize the payment or
some considerable number of Vue items.
Were Made
In favor
Not only is exercise
essential to l.-fe and
happiness, but labor
as diistinguished
from exercise is like
wise necessary. Con­
ii A
fined idleness tends strongly to insanity,
as t'he records of all penitentiaries cle*r
prove. For the state to deny to the inoai
era ted the benefits and Inspiration of
dheertul, invigorating, productive 1 ibor, of
some kind, is actually crue.. This being
conceded, the problem becomes perplex
ing. Few Indeed any, will favor plaotng
•the product ot convict labor in compet.
tion w.th free labor. If, therefore, a s
tem of parole can be safely inaugurated,
and the released convict compelled to go
to work at some respectab.e cal.ing aact
continue thereat, and be required a.so to
save MOme of his earnings, or give satis
factory reason for fai.ure to do so, and
.•- make regular repots of 'his doings, the
amount of wages earned and his ex, endl
tures thereof, and how he has invested
his savings, the expense of his mainte
nance in the penitentiary will be saved
to the state, the wealth of the world wili
be increased by the added product of
toll, and, better than all, the actual refor
mation of the convict will be effected.
In this connection, I recommend ti.at
the governor be authorized to release at
his discretion, and upon the recommenda
tion of the board of control, any inm tb
of either of the industrials hcols,
the College of Agr
culture and Mechan­
ic Arts of Iowr eomes nearer conforming
to the purpose contemplated in the act
of congress, appropriating land in aid
thereof, than, any similar Institution in
the United States. It is not easy to over
estimate its value to the state and na
tion. The art of farming is quite well
understood and practiced, bat the sci
ence of agriculture is yet in its infan y.
Modern invention has revolutionized
fethods, but it has not modified or af
fected the pholoeophy of animal or plant
life. There are thousands of men in th?
tate Who have learned from observation'
nd experience how to feed a steer, or, a
ig, so as to produce beeir ahd pant at
'roflt of from ten to twenty-five p«r oMt
jess tmroMkrt learned tn
In anticipation of
the dec-aradon of
war against Spain,
the Twenty-seventh
general assemb.y,
shortly before its ad­
journment, appropriated five hundred
thousand: dollars ($51)0,000), to be paid on
t'he requisition of the governor "in the
defense of the state and in aid ef the na»
Uonal government In case of war." Ol
this sum, $149,484.01 was used in equipping
and furnishing the troops hereinbefore
referred to in caring for the sick in hos
pitals at home and in distant camps and
in supplying comforts for the men while
in the service. A, detailed statement of
theae expenditures! will be found in the
report of the adjutant-general, to which
your attention is nla.jectfully directed.
In the expenditure of this money, a lib
eral construction 'Jtas given to the ian
guage employed in the appropriation, and
no request for supplies of any kind by
oUlcer or enlisted -man, either in camp
at Des Moineis or while in the service,
was ever denied. In addition, the several
colonels were authorized tp make ex.end'
tures, in the in'-srest of the men of their
command, at any time and to any amount
provided only tnat the same should be in
dorsed and reoair imeiided by the surgeon
and properly approved
ion it Is paper to say
that several organisations of women with
in the state, notably the Ked Cross fid
the Iowa Sanitary Commission, rendcreJ
very valuable tervlces in caring for the
s-ok. The government opened a hoBpLtal
at pes Moines, which was operated jo ntly
under Its management and that of the
state. To expelU^. matters and Insure
Prompt and on the part cf
{and physl(^^^HBU£ primarily
of the regime™,
vouchers filed tjh
In this conn,
nd that
all percons confined in these institutions,
male or female, be discharged upon at
taining their majority.
Under the terms of
the aot of congress
authorizing the or
gan za.ion of an army
for sorvice in the
Spanish war, the f-
ty-flrst Iowa was entitled' tocl-ctu upon
the exchange of ratifications of the re ity
of peace between Spain and the United
States, which occurred on the 11th day of
April, 18S9. But at that time their ser
vices were needed in the Phi.ippi.-e
islands, and both officers and men, w.th
commondable patriotism, asked not to be
discharged, as was their right but con.
tinued voluntarily in the service unt 1
congress had made provls.cn therot'or, a
a new army had been organized to take
their place. In recognition of this service,
a plan was devised to bring the members
of this regiment from San Franti'sc •,
Cal., where they were discharged, to t!-elr
homes, primarily at private expense, but
in the exaoectation that the state would
reimburse. In pursuance of this plan, an
opportunity was tendered the banks of
Iowa to contribute to the cause, and in
this way the requisite amount, $38,155.92,
was secured and transportation home was
furnished each officer and enlisted man
of the regiment. Vouchers for these ex
pend.tures, together with a list and sched
ule of the banks, and private Individuals
that contributed the funds, a,re on file in
the executive office, and may be there ex
amined, or copies will be furnished if It
shall be your pleasure. The other regi
ments, with equal bravery, with equal
fortitude. and with equal patriotism,
stood ready to go anywhere at any me,
arid face any foe, but circumstances t
mitted their discharge within the limits
of the 'lime for tv'hich they were enlist.d.
I recommend that
the state make rec
ognition of the pa
triotism manifes ed
by the men of the
Fifty-llrst regime-t.
In thus volunteering their services dur ng
the rainy season in a tropical clima'.e,
after Lhey were entitled to t'helr discharge
under the terms of the act of congress
which authorized their enlistment, and
their consequent service in two war-s
reimbursing the several banks and prlva
individual's who 'have so generously con
tributed: thereby, in fact, returning
these sons of Iowa to their homes at the
expense of the state.
Lest th's may seem to fhow partla'ity
for one regiment when all are equa ly
worthy, I suggest that both the Fiftieth
and Fifty-second regiments, while In
camp at Des Moine-, shortlv before their
disdharge, were granted a furlough, and
the men were issued tansportatlon to
their homes and return at the expense
of the state, and after muster-out trans
portation 'tvas again furnished both of
cers and men to their respective p'a es
of residence. I have assurances from th
war department that travel-pay an-d
tlon allowance from Des Moines to their
homes will yet be paid t'he members of
these regiments. The Forty-ninth Is t'
only regiment for whirth no cratultous
transportation was furnished when it was
mustered into t'he service of the Un'ted
States. If now paid what it would have
co'st the state to return them from Sa
vannah, Ga., where discharged, to their
homes. It would afford an evidence of ap
preciation of valuab services rendered
beyond the United States.
The experience of
.the last two years
has demonst te
the wisdom of some
modification in r.ur
national guard laws.
lovra :y:
Under tlhe call made in 1S98 t'he four reg
iments of the Iowa National guard were
transferred to the United States service
under their then existing oraania't'ons.
This left two brigadier-generals and their
staff officers unprovided for. These offc
should. I think, be "abolished. Otherwl e,
whoever is advanced to the hlghefA posi
tion in the guard, will be left at home
whenever the president makes requisl!i
upon the state for regimental organisa
•No better regiments were probably ever
mustered than the four contributed by
Iowa to the Spanish war. At least two of
the co onela were referred to, by different
generals of high rank in the regular ar ™iy.
as the best volunteer officers they u'd
ever even. I have always Insisted, anl
still bei.eve, that if t'hey
promptly .sent to the front,
training they had previously received,
they would have made a record wor hy
or like organizations in the regu ar army.
The discipline manifested In camp 1 fe, as
well as the fortitude displayed duiing all
he ordeals through which the1
several' regiments passed, justifies the
highest esteem for both officers and men
Nevertheless, they were without military
reputation at the time the earlier brlsndea
and corps were being formed, and were
th" efore left in campwhi eot lerreiime its
with experienced officers were ce.ect for
service. No corps, division, or brigade
commander will ever choose a reg ment
with an unknown colonel, so long as ha
can make selection of officers who have
had actual experience or professional mil
itary training.
The government,
special Training at no small expf nso.
maintain^ a military
academy at West
Scrvice Point for the express
purpose of tra.ning
men for service In the army. Either this
school is a failure, or it is s&rvlceab.e
and if the latter, then graduated there-
may be safely presmued to be better
qualified to command a regiment than
men fresh from civil life. Iowa has- nf ver
been slow to keep her full quota of cade
in this school and the young men who
are able to obtain admission thereto a
not drones or weaklings, nelrher do they
lose their citizenship by service in t.
regular army. I see no valid reason w'
Iowa should cease to respect, or fall to
make us«e of, her specially trained sons to
command her troops In case of war. 1
therefore recommend that the office of
colonel be left vacant, to be filled ™y p
pointment in case of transfer to tie
United States service, or that a new elec
tion be ordered in ca of a requisition
from the president, and that the reg
ment be restricted by statute In Its 83
lection of a colonel to a graduate from
the government school at West Point, ot
to an experienced field officer of a pre
vious war. This shou not be unde"Stood
as a criticism of the officers who have
bo efficiently commanded the regiments
recently furnished. It is not so Intend-d.
1 he .proposition simply sugests the choice
between sending a regiment forward un
der the command of an officer who is
known to have had military training and
sending it under one unknown abi.ity.
Some years ago
.the government ef
factually eradicated
pleuro pneumonia
among cattle. Th.is
was not, accomplish­
ed, however, without much appareht 'ios3
to the owners of stock, but the result
inured greatly to their benefit. More le
cent Investigation has demonstrated the
presence, to some considerable extent, of
tuberculosis among all grades and con
ditions of cattle In this as well as in for
gn countries. Some students of the dia
ease insist that Its eradication wou'd
successfully check the ravages of con
sumption In the human family. It is but
natural, however, that others repudiate
and scoff at t"*ese voices of warning. Th=
disease Is admittedly deceptive. Outward
appearances seldom give any indication
of its presence. Only in: severe cases Is
the meat so affected as to render it unfit
for food. Recently a herd belonging to
the state and kept at one of our Tntotitu
tions was examined, and twenty-four out
of th:rty-eight gave evidence of disease,
and were ordereJ killed. Out of this
number, the government inspector, after
examining the carcasses, condemned thir
teen as wholly unfit for Purposes other
than the manufacture of fertilizers. Not
long ago one of the principal packers of
the country purchased a cai joad of ap
parently healthy steers, which bore no
outward Indications of diseape, but when
they were slaughtered the inspector con
demned elevea of the car load to the fer
tilizer tank. Some quite startling results
hav*' followed the feeding of milk from
cows affected with tubciculosls to pigs,
and the injection of it into the veins of
rodents. I have the promise that an ex
tended series of experimentation alo-ig
these and kindred lines will be prosecuted
at the eollege of Agriculture and Me
chanic Arts during the current biennial
period. Until It shall be demonstrated
that the offspring of cows thus affec'el
is likely also to be diseased. I am not
ready to advise the slaughter of breed
ing stock, at least of beef ^erds. I do.
however, believe It not on.7 wise but
very important that the sale of milk from
cows affected with tuberculosis be pro
hibited by statute, 'and adequate penal
ties provided for its violation. Whatever
risks one may be willing to take hm
self in the use of untested milk, certainly
none should hesitate to protect unsus
pecting families and helpless jfcl!dren
Provision should be made, I think, for
the annual examination of fall cows from
which milk Is sold or offered for sale. A
moderate fee should be fixed by statute
'or such examination. I think-provision
lould also be made for the preserva
on, under qOararatlne regulations, of
sWm animals as may be required for sct
eiUJflc expejjmeutation. The effect of the
4 m.'
disease upon milk products and the dan
ger troni contagion and infection must
be speedily and scientifically demonstrat
ed so that future general assemblies may
aot Intelligently. In the meantime, the
public should be protected from what is
now claimed to be a very fruitful source
•f disease, v,-'
Monn menta
On the tth and 7th
of April, 18®, a tre
mendous battle was
fought near the Ten
essee river, at a log
church that waa
Civil War Heroes
called the Shtloh meeting house. At that
tlme Iowa had fifteen infantry regiments
at the front. Eleven of these participat
ed in this battle and it is generally con
ceded that the Iowa troops, by their
heroic stand at what the rebels called
"The Hornets' Nest," saved the federal
army from destruction and overthrow.
The severity of this battle may be judged
of by the fact that the Union army lost,
in k.lied, wounded and missing, 13,047 men,
of which 2,409 were from this state, 33 per
cent of the combined Iowa forces parti-
General Beauregard marched
40.000 men into that battle on the 6th, but
returned tp. the encounter on the morn
ing of the 7th with his remnant of 20,000.
So says Grant in his .memoirs. The gov
ernment has purchased this bat.lelle'.d
for a national military park and official
ly appointed representatives of the sev
eral Iowa organizations that took part hi
the engagement have located the position
of the'r respective regiments.
In this connection. It may not be out ot
place to urge upon your attention the
fact that the government has also made
provision for a national park at Vicks
burg, and the ground embraced within
that memorable siege and battlefield is
being purchased. I recommend that a
commission be authorized to locate the
position of the t'hirty-one regiments from
Iowa which sustained the honor of the
state, and the integrity of the nation, in
that dec.slVe conflict, and that an an
propiriation be made sufficient to pay their
actual expenses, to the end that at the
proper time suitable memorials may be
there erected also.
More Ground
I recommend that tbe two blocks di
rec'ly north ol the capitol grounds be
immediately purchased, or obtained un
condemnation proceedings. Nothing
will be saved by delay, and the erection
of substantial buildings by the owners
upon th:*3 property may materially *»dd
to the expense. Location of public build
ing Is a matter of prim? importance. %nd
I think it will be conceded that these two
blocks »re very desirable. No location ts
too good for Iowa* and none but the best
should be considered.
Building .'
Loan A asoc I at Ion
insufficient protec
tion for the people
of our state, against
reckless Investments
by non-resident
building and loan
assoclat.ons hi now afforded by our laws.
Instances have repeatedly been brought
7*y, attention where the holders of
®v°£k in these foreign associations have
their contracts require, and
thereafter assessments have been made
of more fhan 25 per cent of the with
drawal value. I think ft would be well to
safeguard our people by somewhat more
advanced legislation
the subject.
the6affairs*o?°a"solvent"1 bulldin'g anS
t^Tvtew^f^ tsrasg" for wy rsa*
Bo into voluntary liqulda-
oi?F" tt v„^?nlpajy he oompelled to clost
?n ~K"t8SJn detaH-
In the
4. W"8 acquired, when
nVi?S u.1.
the incentive to econ-
omy which existed when the en'emrise
ed*Slon^n f*1'
he la8t
share of stock
a xi in as so
sirnV^i t„ Jd *1 convenient and de-
Jlansfer their liabilities and as-
xl J" other companies, and provision
tin Endowment
By the terms of
the federal grant ot
lands in aid cf a
college ot agricul
ture and mechanic
arts, the proceeds
ri,„x"ese.h*nds were made a perpetual
£.""5' _and ,the state is required to make
and is charged with an
thereon of not less than 6
p1r an"un-
The statutes of the
'that this money shall be
mortgages bearing not less
Srii,. Per cent. The unexampled pros
pountry, and the incident
have rendered it im-
the .rate of interest
hy law. and there is now In the
more than *158,000 which
as to rates ren-
•21 J* to Invest, and on which.
ofthe Board of
per cent under the
provisions of the federal statute.
_j \re^ornm.en,^. that oefmlspion be grant
fnierestV fund at current rates of
The salary fixed
vavors Increase by law for the chief
in Governor's executive of the
I atate Is now *3.000.
Salary. In addition. It has
.. been customary for
„t0 spec'ally appro­
priate $o00 per annum for work on the ex
ecutive council, and $50 per month for
room rent. This is manlfestlv below the
necessary expenses of a family In the
c.ty of Des Moines maintained amid sur
roundings becoming the office. I ques
t'°" -whether the people of the state
would be, satisfied to have their chief ex
ecutive live In rooms that can be rented
£r *5? n61", njoith. Most of the states of
the United States have executive resi
dences, furnished and maintained largely
at state expense. If this shall not be
the po'-cy of Iowa, sufficient should be
provided, I think, to pay the rent of a
suitable residence.
I recommend that the salary of the
chief txecutive of Iowa be increased, and
that such provision for a suitable resi
dence be made as may seem to comport
with the dignity of the state. This in
crease of salary, however, should begin
January 1, 100— It wou'd be inappropri
ate to Increase the salary of any officer
during the term of office for which he
has been elected and If that were done in
this instance the present incumbent would
not accept the same. ..
Tt Is the present
practice to examine
quarterly the ac
counts of the state
treasurer with spe
clal reference to the
funds belonging to the various institu
tions under the management ot the board
of control, as well as these connected
with the general revenues. I think the
recommendation of the treasurer of state
.this should be made a statutory re
oulrement Is worthy of your considera
There is at pres
Mbiting what is
^called "prize fights,"
but the language
employed Is not suf­
Prize Fighting
ficiently comprehensive to be effective In
order to be brought under the purview of
the inhibition, the contest must be for a
prize, and the winner must receive more
than the loser, else there is no prize. In
practice the law is evaded by designating
the fleht as a contest of a limited num
ber of rounds (no matter how many), and
a written contract that the participants
shall receive equal or stipulated sums in
no manner made to depend upon results
Then the actual terms are arranged on
the side. The statute should forbid con
tests where physical Injury, pain or ex
haustion is manifestly involved and con
templated. I recommend that the brutal
practice be either effectually suppressed
on Iowa soil, or that the present ineffi
cient statute be repealed. Of course I
prefer the former.
In the confidence
that the twenty
eighthA general as-
... sembly will sustain
the reputation enjoyed by its prede
cessors and as justified by the legislative
history of Iowa, the foregoing observa
tions are respectfully' submitted.
'When the Boers migrated from Cap*
Colony to the Transvaal they
When the present
capitol was built It
was believed to be
as commodious as
the needs of the
1' state would ever re-
it has now been occupied six­
teen years, and several of the depart
ments are seriously congested. An ar
senal Is needed for the accommodation
of the adjutant general's department.
Storage of quartermaster supplies Is now
provided in a building rented for the pur
P?se. It was found necessary to locate
the board of control in committee rooms
back of the senate chamber, which can
not well be spared from their designed
use during the session of the general as
semb.y. A warehouse, for the storage
and proper distribution and reshipmen't
of supplies for the various institutions
under the management of the board of
control, is muoh needed, and should be
provided at an early date. A 'new build
ingr for the memorial, h'storicaJ and art
department has been erected, nnd parti
tions and changes in various -offices have
been found imperative* to make room for
the several departments connected with
the state ^overnmetTt. Evidently addi
tional buildings will be needed in the nea~
future, and these, when erected, should
be fireproof and of substantial and pre
sentable architecture, and should be so
located as to improve and add dignity to
the present capitol.
forced t* clear the way by killing.6,0M
New Cable Lines.
France is dependent upon England
for news of the Transvaal war, because
the cables are under their control, and
she is ready to spend a vast .'sum at .•
money to free herself. This is Ilk®
many people who have dyspepsia 'X\
spend a fortune seeking1 deliveraiica.
They should try Hostetter'a Stomach
Bitters. It never fails to cure dyspep
sia, constipation, apd biliousness.:
Timber lands in the northwest have
doubled and trebled in price the last
season, and are still advancing.
A Miss is As
Good as a Mile.
If you are not entirely quell, you are SI.
Illness does not mean death's door. It is
sense of toeariness. a. tired feeling" a.
life filled -with nameless pains and suffer
ing. In 90% of cases the blood is to blame.
Hood's Sarsaparitta is Nature's corrective
blood. member
Never Disappoints
Chinese scholars cia*m that iron
swords were in use iia their country
4,000 years ajro. it
Daily rajicr for 81 a Year.
The Des Moines Dally News is sent postpaid te
any address lor $1 a year, 75 cents for six
months, 60 cents for three months arid
25 cenis for one month cash In ady&noe.
It is a condensed newspaper, giving fill important
rows of both wars, congress, Iowa legislature,
kets and all othor events in brief forui for bus!
readers. The News Is a member of the Assoelatecn
Press and Is a first class paper in ©very respect.
Splendid department for children. Address,.
THIS NICVV8. Ies Moines, Iowa,
Tangier is a city without vehicles.
Donkeys are used for transportation.'
There Is a Class of People
Who are injured by the use of coffee
Recently there has been placed in all
the grocery stores a hew preparation
called CJRAIN-O, made of pure grains,
that takes the place of coffee. The
most delicate stomach receives it with
out distress, and but few can tell it
from coffee. It does not cost over one
fourth as much. Children may drink
it with great benefit. IS cents and 25
cents per package. Try it. Ask for
Hiram Maxim first turned Ills atten
tion to gnu making in a: very small
way so late as 1881, yet to-day 'his firm
employs more than 14.000 men.
Mrs. \7Inslow's Soothing Syrnp.
For children teething, softens the gums, reduces
flam watlou, allays pain, curea fflndcollc. 23o a bottle.
A French scientist has made some
plants "artificially Alpine" by keeping
them in an ice box all night and ex
posing them to the full action of the
sun during the day.
jLano's Family Medlolna.
Moves the bowels each day. In or
der to be healthy this is necessary.
Acts gently on the liver and kidneys.
Cures sick headache. Price 25 and 50e
Prescott, Wis., has
licensed girl preacher.
a 16-year-old
the grip curb that does cvbi.
Laxative Bromo Quinine Tablets removes
the cnuse thim produces La Grippe. IS. W.
a rove's signature is on each box. SSo.
The more life we have the more we
may have.
LESS DYE colors more goods than any
other dye and colors them better, too.
Politicians are sometimes
called dark
horses because of their shady records.
My doctor said I would diebutPiso'a
Cure for Consumption cured me.—Amos
Kelner, Cherry Valley, 111., Nov. 33, '95.
Tlie Und of Itrexd nnd Hatter.
is the title of a new illustrated pamph
let just issued by the Chicago, Mil
waukee & St. Paul Railway, relating
more especially to the land along the
new line it is now building through
Bon Homme and Charles Mix counties
in South Dakota. It will be found very
interesting reading. copy will be
mailed free on receipt of 2-cent stamp
for postage. Address Geo. H. Heafford,
General Passenger Agent, Chicago, 111.
No man knows the right way so well
as the one who lias once been mi-bled.
We need your assistance in announe*
ing to the world the greatest remedy
that Science has ever produced, and'"
you need our assistance to secure re
lief for yourself and friends through
Swanson's "5-DROPS." 1
As surely as the Arpericai Navy has
conquered and will conquer all that
opposes it, so will "5-DROro" unfail
ingly conquer all diseases like Rheu
matism, Sciatica, Neuralgia, Kidney
Troubles. Lumbago, Catarrh of all
kinds. Asthma, Dyspepsia, Backache,
Sleeplessness, Nervousness, Heaft
Weakness, Toothache, Earache. Creep
ing Numbness, Bronchitis, etc., or any
disease for which we recommend it.
5-DROPS" is tho nam# and tho dose.
rial bottles 25c. Large bottles, con
taining 300 doses, $1.00 prepaid by mail
or express. Six bottles for ?5.00. Why
suffer pain and agony when for such
small amount you can obtain the re
lief for which you have been so long
waiting? Don't wait! Write now, aud
the Swanson Rheumatic Cure Co., 164
Lake St., Chicago, 111., will Imme
diately give yonr order attentlm.
Some men's idea of practicing econ
omy is to preach Jt daily to their
Howl TbUT
We offer One Hundred Dollars reward for an*
ease of Catarrh that cannot he cured bjr Hall's
r'atafrh rhiM
P. J. CHENEY & CO., Props., Toledo, a
We, the undersigned, have known T.~ t.
Cheney for the last 15 years and believe htm
perfectly honorable in all business transactions
and financially able to carry out any oblin*
tlons made by their Urns.
West& Truax, Wholesale DruggUts, Toted*
O.: Walding, Kinnan & Marviu, Wholesale
Druggists. Toledo, Ohio.
Halii Catarrh Cure is taken internally, act
ing directly upon the blood and mucous surface*
of the system. Testimonials sent free. P#lo*
76c per bottle. Sold by all druggists.
Hall's Family Pilla aro the best.
A Hartford, Conn, fire ipsur
company has purchased the house
William Imlay, in that city," which( in
1704 was the first in this country to be
insured against*6re.
Winter Kxcnralons.
The Southern Pacific Company and
its connections operate the best .first
and second-class service to California,
Arizona, Texas and Mexico. Through
Pullman Palace Sleepers and Tourist:.
Sleepers from all principal eastern'
points. Personally conducted Touribfc'
HJxcnrp.ions from Cincinnati, Louisville,
St. Louis, Chicago, St. Paul, Minneap
olis, Des Moines, Omaha, Kansas City,
etc. For particulars and descriptive
Mteratnre write W. G. Ne'myer, Gen'l
Western Agent. 236 Clark St., Glii«a?o
W. IT. Connor, Com'l Agent, Chamber
Commerce Bldff., Cincinnati, Ohio,
W. J. l)erg, Ti av. Pafis. Agt., 220 ^12111-

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