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till" IW 12 Paged :|f Phone 22. THE LEON REPORTER. O. E. HULL, Publisher. LEON, IOWA Subscription Rates: One yew. ............ $1.60 Six months 71) Three months.. .............. 40 Bnterfd at second elan matter at the Leon ,Iotoa ,Po&toJflee. Piiiif* "TM F'»n of the Republic Forever: ot Empire Never." "The Conitltutlo* and the Flag. One and Inseparable, Now end Forever." v:. •nr-'-r DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL TICKET. For President, WH. JENNINGS BRYAN^ For Vice President. ADLAI K. STEVENSON. CONGRESSIONAL TICKET. For Member ot Congress Eighth District V. R. M'GINNIS, ol Decatur County.. STATE TICKET (iAffr'-9ot Secretary of State rB. B..CRXKBI OfPolkCotoBtjr^^'-i For Auditor ef State, I'aj'r. I. M. GIBSON, of Delaware County.i For Treasurer, H.L. WILLIAMS,of O'Brien County. For Attorney General, C. J. HARPER, of Des Moiner County. For Judge of Supreme Court, J. W. FKEELAND, of Wayne County. For Ksilroad Commitsloner, J. E. ANDERSON, of Winnebago, County. For Klectors at I arge, JOSEPH EIBOECK. of Polk County. ... C. H. At'KEY, of Wapello, County. For District Electors. First-F. R. MILLER, Washington, second—F. D. KELSEY. Jackson. Third—JOHN ELWANGER, Dubuque. Fourth—M. J.CARTER, Winneshiek, Fifth—H. M. REBOK. Tama. Slzth-J. C. WILLIAMS. Mahaska. Seventh-C. G. LOOMI8, Polk. Eighth—M. B. MARING, Appanoose, Nlnih-J.J.SHAY, Pottawattami .Tenth—L. J. ANDERSON, Carroll. K|?venth— W. W. 8TOWE, Dickinson. M0 COUNTY TICKET. For Auditor GEO. CABTWRIGHT of High Point. lfw For Clerk of District Court, fas Iff $ ARTHUR E. MOORE, W ol Decatur. jp-s For County Attorney. MARION WOODARD, of Leon, For Recorder. CHAS. H. BROWN? of Bloomington. For Member Board of Supervisors, WM. H. HAZLET, of Center. In tbe last issue of bis paper Editor "Stookey says, "The Journal editor has nothing to retire from.'.^.That's only too true. ffpf The editor of the Leon Journal neaas his real estate column "Deals in Dirt."' Wouldn't this.be more appropriate over MBeditorial page? -p:- •m Editor Stookey claims to have found same one to agree with birn. He says tbe press: agent of a circus that '.visited Leon told him THK REPORTER was an absurd Bryan organ, Too bad! $ The Leon Journal prates about its '"large increase in business and with the mune issue it reduces the size of the paper to almost one-half its former sice. Poor old Journal! That looks like prosperity, with a big 1*. The'Joj^Ai^vfibwls again with, rage and saya ttugdi^da of republicans are taking Taz. RKPOBTEBV That is one truthful statement that has appeared in the Journal. Yes, we have hundreds of ijepublicans who read THK REPORTER, and some of tbem will -taot read the Journal. They want to read a news paper, not A smut mill. •Here's what the' St. Paul Pioneer Preas now one of the most radictCf sup porters the trust ridden McKinley administration, had to say about. pro tected monopolies and taHfl raforin, in ^'pril, 1900: "Tbewhple lisJbof protect ittonopolies^ought to be brought «ttthin,tbie,puryiew of ,a tariff reform' Which irdtild enable forfeigo poo) petition to pat« limit on thrir abi|lty .tos raise -r.ji. ij'i- 1 s." TARIFF ANI) TIN. PLATE^^.'. The MoKiuley tariff Impowd duties of 2 I ftiCents per pound upon imported tin plate thU duty was r^lki^ by the Wilson bill'to 1-5 'cehtB per pound, and was increased by the Dingley bill, to 1J cents..per. pound. From 1880 up till 1899 our people paid increased prices for tin plate, by reason of tariff, of at least 1100,000,000. If an industry could become established by reason of protec tive tariffs, surely tin plate presents a fair illustration. Under the Wilson tariff, great profits were made by tbe manufacturers of tin plate, though some considerable decrease in the selling price of tin plate has been made. In November, 1898, a trust was estab lished. The trust came into existence for the purpose of availing itself to the fullest extent of the Dingley tariff. At that time 100 pounds' of tin plate could be purchased in the market for f2.80, but, protected^against foreign competi tion, within one year the trust increased its price to 14.85. You know, and every one knows that .this could not have been done but for .the Dingley duty of $1 50 a box upon tin plate. PROTECTION AND EXTO«TION.|^p Do you say for one moment that the democratic party, is responsible for these extortions. Do you believe for one moment that this trust could have in creased the price from $2.80 a box for tin plate to $4.85 without the existence of the tariff? The duty on tin has been tbe especial pride of the republican party. In all these years the democrat party has fought in every manner the existence of duties upon tin plate, and yet you say to your readers that "any one desiring to tell the truth" .would say that the "responsibility" forsthis "does not attach to any party." Since 1861 high duties have prevailed upon glass. The Wilson tariff rechiced it to 30 per cent. The duty undet the McKinley bill was about two cents per pound, or between 80 and 100 per cent. UP 60ES-6LASS. In October, 1899, the American Win-, dow Glass company, a trust corporation with $17,000,000 capital, was formed. It owns factories with a capacity Of about 1,900 pots, out of a possible ca pacity of 2,000 pots. This trust pro tected by tbe Dingley bill from foreign competitiOnVhaB greatly increased tbe price ofIt is one of the oldest infant industries nurtured by the re publicaiitju^^ajad it..uould not con tinue pi-evauitig prices for a day without the aid cf the tariff. From 1860 to 1890 under this high tariff, prices of glass ixi this coubtry declined Only an average of 8 per tsent., while foreign prices de clined 54 per cent, frofn 1869 to 1890, and prices to-day are Jrigher than in 18^0, tof ordinary, sizes* Will, the Eye ning £ost Bay the Window Glass Trust is not a direct result of the., Ab&inley and Dingley tariffs? Has the democrat-, ic party, as a party,,ever teen regarded as a friend of glass manufacturers? STEEL WIRE AND THE TARIFF. In January, 1899, the American* Stepl •nd Wi/e Oompan^ a trust with $90,? 000,000 (apltal^ws forinedyf lt owned ESTABLISHED 1854. LEON. IOWA. THURSDAY. SEPTEMBER 20. 1900. TRUSTS BRED BY THE DINGLEY LAW. Most Odious Combinations Traced to Re cent Tariff Legislation. has wri Iten the following letter to the New York Evening Post: In a recent editorial on Mr. Bryan's speech, you say as to Trusts: "Any one desiring to tell the truth would say that the lesponsibility for them does not attach to. any party—that, however bad they may be, tbey are the out growth of modern conditions of trade, aud are without political bias, except as democrats have made rather noisier at tacks upon them, and bave thus caused them to lean rather towards the repub licans." DIN6LEY BILL AND TRUSTS. Is this not new doctrine on the part of the Evening Post? Have you not, for the last twenty years, until recent ly, been assailing tbe republican party as the sole author of protective tariffs, and do you mean to say to your readers that the McKinley bill and the Dingley bill have not greatly aided in the forma tion of trusts? True it is that individ ual members of congress, professing the democratic faith have.from time to time voted for protective tariffs under cir cumstances quite suspicious -in their nature, and strongly in Heating that they were induced by arguments which caunot be lombated. But has tbe dem ocratic party, as a party, during tbe last ten years, favored protective tariff*-? Would you haye your readers believe for a moment that a great proportion of the trusts are not a direct result of pro tective tariffs? Are you really sincere in "saying any one desiring to tell the truth would say that the responsibility" for theBe trusts attaches to the demo cratic party equally with the republican party? Let us see whether the facts justify your statement referred to above. Mr. Franklin Pierce, of Homer, N. Y., I naces, rolled it into steel billets its hA ntht I I llA II *"V IM IAI Iah A I L«. J* Bn ill.* I Mr r".-i6'S ij£*CiS. vtK i- U«®«i own steel mills, and in its own mills turned it intj plain and barbed wire, and its products could be sold at a profit, cheaper than wire produced in any other part of the world. Seven hundred tons of its daily product were exported. It furnished Elngland with 60 per cent, of all its imports of wire, yet, protected by duties against com petition," it raised tbe price of wire nails from $2.05 per keg in January, 1899, to $4.13 in December of that year. Since 1897, the duty has been from one half to one cent per pound. "-v THE WIRE NAIL ROBBERY. This trust in 1899 charged our own people at wholesale on a basis of $3.55 per keg for nails, when it then exported and delivered to European purchasers at a little upward of $2 per keg. Will the Evening Post maintain for a o inent that this trust could maintain such prices without the aid of the tarifl, and will "any one desiring to tell tlie truth" charge the "responsibility" of the trust upon the democratic equally with tbe republican party? You are aware that tbe richest depos its of borax are found in he mines of California and Nevada. DINGLEY BILL AND BORAX TRUST. The duty on refined borax under the Members of Committee. 1st Dlst.—H. O. Weaver. Dl8t,—0, W. Phillips, Maquoketa. Jftli Dist —E. M. &trgent,r Gruady Center. 6tl» Diet.—R. W..CIaytoi,rOskaloosa. :7th pi8t.—S. M. teach, Adel. 8th Diet.—R. H. Spence, Mt. Ayr. .' 9th Dlst—James Bruce, Atlantic, 10th Dist—J. Drug, Stratford. llth Dlst-George G.Scott.Le Mars j}R Dear Sir:- the richest q^e' plnes in/ tliQ Mesatia and under their stimulating range, from which it transported it in ita own ,T ".~r Hero was the name ol a Decatur Couatj^Postmaster. Dingley bill is' five cents per pound, against two cents per pound under the Wilson bill. The borax producers who availed themselves of this tariff in Jan uary, 1899 formed a combination' known as the Boca* Consolidated Works, limit-' ed, with a :.e»piUl of $7,000,000 and these rascal^, sOshiined by this tariff,, are now pltibdering the American peo ple by selling their borax to American consumers for about double the prire that tbey charge the foreignere. Is the dem6craUc party, as a party, responsi" bl§ for this trust, Mr.-Editor? And are people who believe that tbe republican party is solely responsible for it untruth ful as you intimate, in your editorial? Is this trust "btife of the outgrowths of modern conditions of trade?" SUIT TRUST EXTORTIONS. The Wilson 'bill imposed no duties upon salt. Under the Dingley bill tbe duties on salt in bags or barrels was *twenty cents, and inr buikv dTght cents pet.' hundred 1- pounds. These .dit ties, varyingfrom 30 to 100 PBT cent., effect oii March oanv wi •Mm I forward you today a packager nominee a re-election. DON'T 1899, tb&"National Bait pom Incorporated, witiffl?,0pD,0tib t^piurt^wr. A •SCW* the manufactories of salt, end, protect* ed against foreign competition, it' haB raised the price of salt about 50 per cent. Is this a democratic trust, Mr. Editor? Are the men who charge the sole responsibility for this ttrust upon the republican party telllngan untruth, as you say in your editorial? BORN OF PROTECTION. Tbe International Paper company is a.trust about which you probably know a great deal more thanidoes the writer. In 1898 the American Newspaper Pub lishers' Association, in the "Brief in Favor of Free Paper and Free Pulp," presented at Quebec to the joint com mission to readjust duties between the United States and Canada, said "The present tariff rate on printing-paper sized,.unsized, or glued, suitable for books and newspapers, valued at not above two cents per pound, is three tenths of a cent per pound, or $6 per ton. The tariff rate on mechanically ground wood pulp. is one-twelfth of a cent per pound, or $1.07 per ton." This combination, protected from com peti tion by tbe tariff, exacts from the pub* lishers of our great dailies about one fifth more for the paper sold them than it could be purchased for if the duties were-removed, as you well know, REPUBLICAN PARTY RESPONSIBLE. You have rightly attributed to this party the decadence of' Ameriqan ship ping and ridiculed our antiquated reg. istry laws, but to our astonishment dur ing the last year you have been strange ly silent upon the iniquities of protec tive tarifls, and now you seem to have reached tbe point where you.say. that "any one desiring to tell the truth would Say that the responsi bility for trusts does not attach to any party." Mr. H. O. llavemeyer, ex-Senator WVWWVtf Washburn, and many other intelligent —Omaha World-Herald. Here Is a fac smile of the letter which Chairman Weay it 6f the State Committee has sent to every postmaster In the state of Iowa. The 6ne froin which this was copied was addressed to a postmaster living In Decatur county, and shows how the republi cans fry the fat from the office holders In direct violation of the federal statutes.Wi?M, I also desire to call your attention to the matter of your voluntary contribution to the campaign fund, as I observe from the' a a a a the work that is now being done. You can observe from the documents that pass through your office of the character of the work we are doing, which can only be completed by increased work, energy and expense. The democrats are flooding the state with literature speakers, and they are mapping out a campaign in Iowa which alarmed our congressional nominees in the districts which they deemed comparatively safe. Upon you and your associates rests ^the SERIOUS PERSONAL RESPONSIBILITY of monrm. as republicans frankly concede that the protective tariff is the "moiher of trusts." -... "You, Mr. Editor, say tbatitrusts are an "outgrowth of modern conditions tf trade,". Will- y'oiu kindly inform your readers what modern conditions of trade have created trusts of the nature these described? You owe such an ex planation to your readers. Homer, N. Y., Aug. 11. SWEPT FROM ITS MOORINGS. Abraham Lincoln, tbe greatest re publican', never missed an opportunity to assert his faith in Jefferson's teach ings, as embodying the soundest Ameri canism. Imperialism has swept the re publiran party of to-day from its old time moorings. It fias ceased to be an American party. Its present' Hamilton ian politics of empire and the, strong, central power, abould be^as sternly re buked and rejected ^y the American people as they were in, Hamilton's d"*' VERY IMPORTANT. lit installment of campaign documents that will be sent to you from now until the day of election. I trust that you will see that these get into the hands of parties where they will do the most good 14- ABSOUIIEJCirPVRE TRUTHS FROM THE LEON JOURNAL. Trusts area benefit to the people. Trusts do not advance prices. The price of nails and wire has not advanced enough to justify an advance by-the local deslers. There is no L«on ring. Hull is a liar. L. W. Haberconie, the well-known Washington lawyer, who has been a life long republioan and an active worker in the campaigns of that party, has refused to subscribe to the McKinley adminis tration and will take the stump for Mr. Bryan. William McKinley has changed oftener than anything or anybody, not even excepting the weather. He changed on the money question. He changed on the sugar tariff question. He changed on the plain duty question, lie chang ed on "who will haul down the flag'" question. He.changed on theforcible an nexation question. He has flopped and floundered like an eel out of water. He has shifted and evaded and side-stepped like a champion pugilist who depends more on ability to dodge than ability to hit. He has ad oca ted both sides of every question of public importance. 'TLeadcNLaTVeTS &0& "Bro.vVA.Vfvq. H." O. WEAVER, Chairman, SPENCE, Vice Chairman 4"?^^ Des Moines, Iowa, ?atureV which is the first insuring your congressional? THROW THIS ASIDE* BUT ANSWER AT ONCE.I -Yours very truly, J& 0. XZ FSAMKLm PIEBCB. for reliable watob and «lock repairing known eiliseng, e^er^one of them ^o toohlerthe jeweler, •tsntfs a splendid chatm w/e^ction. ^-..K Makes the food more delicious and wholesome WOYAL BAKIWO PQW06R CO., NEW YORK. CenVraiV 1»9 C. W. PUILI.IPS, Secretary. Sep# 3, !9oo. s~ in and i-r has !Sa OVeC.'VtoV ZJ/jt'l i""1 -rW* Chairman. Captain Patrick O'Farrell, of Wash ington, D. C., who stumped the eastern states for McKinley in 1896 and who is now. supporting Bryan, will spend two weeks on the stump in West Virginia. During the remainder of the campaign jh&«rill give bis time to Ohio, Jndiana ia^t-New~York. Bishop Henry M. Turner, head of the African Metbbdist Episcopal church, will announce his conversion1 to demo cratic principles shortly and will stump tbe country" for Bryan and Stevenson. Many other colored men of influence including editors and divines, have de clared against McKinley. •. Democracy never had a- better ticket in the field than it has. this year. The county candidates are all strong men and are meeting with great favor among the ^people of the county. All of tbe county candidates are clean, honest me'n. of especialfftnessforthe ofBcesfor'which they.hsve been nominated, and being s*:$3 OBJECT LESSON FOR FARMERS. In these pjping times of McKinley prosperity, it might not be out of place for tbe farmers of this agricultural dis trict and state, to examine a little into who are the beneficiaries of the Mc Kinley brand of prosperity, the farm ers and toilers, or other fellows who do not toil but who grow fat and pile up big fortunes from the protection and special privileges given tliem by repub lican legislation. It is said that figures ^don't lie, and a comparison of prices of a few articles farmers are especially interested in at this time, with prices on the same articles in 1896, when Cleveland .was president and "lack of confidence" existed, might not be amiss. Auctioneer Col. John F. Russell is quite an observer of tbe market,'especial ly as to stock, as he sells a great deal of it during the year for the" farmers of the country. He tells the Advertiser that prices of the farmer's cattle have continually fallen each year since "con fidence was restored" and "prosperity returned." L. N. Conway, of Macksburg, is one of the prominent stock raisers of the coun try and his stock always brings tbe top price. When Mr. Kussell cried his sale, Sept. 30, 1896, bis calves brought a price they have not touched since, and one third higher than they bring in this year of "McKinley prosperity," 1900. Here is a table of what these calves of Mr. Conway brought at his sale in Sept. 1896, and have brought each year since. He has not had his sale this year but will during the month, and the prices credited to him this year Mr. Kussell says are higher than what the best stock he has thus far sold- has. brought which was fully equal to Mr. L. N. Conway's. Sept. 30,1896, calves brought $30. September, 1897, calves brought $29. September, 1898,-calves brought $26. September, 1899, calves b)^Mp'. September, 1900, calyes h^^£$20. Mr. BusaeiMoe says that cows and heiferc which brought from $35 to $50 in 1896i are not brineing over $30 at the outside this year, and are not averaging that price. He says nothing at the sales is bringing what it brought in 1896, and that but very little money is realized at the sales he has thus far held. Buyers do not seem to have as much money* to buy with this year as in 1896, and not near so many are taking advantage of discounts and paying cash for what they buy. He says at the largest and best sales he has cried thus far, not enough cash has come in to pay the expenses of the sale, most all purchases being set tled for by note. Such is the benefit the farmer is re ceiving from "McKinley prosperity," so much talked about by the trust organs and republican prosperity warblers. Now let us compare for a moment simply a few of the articles the farmer has to buy and see whether this "pros perity" has struck him tbe manufacturer and trust beneficiary with the same force it has engulfed the farmer? In 1896, if he wanted to fence his farm or divide it into lots, or fence for bogs, he paid from $2.25 to $2.50 for his barb wire. Now, you farmer, you haye no trust on your calves, but the barb wire fellows have on their wire, and because of that trust they make you pay $4.00 and $4.25 for the wire you paid $2.25 and $2.50 for before "prosperity" "returned. Who's got the prosperity, you or the fel low who put up the campaign boodle.to elect McKinley in 1896, and has since been at liberty to organize his trust and rob you- on prices on what you. bave to buy, without protest from the republican party? In 1896 if you wanted to buy a farm harness you paid for it from $25 to Now, while your calyeBare worth less by one-third than they were then, and hides no more, your harness costs you from $35 to $42. Who getB 12 REPORTER SERIES VOL. XXY1. NO. 4 POWDER the "prosperity" here, you or the trust which cqntrols the price of leather? (p 1896* when you bought sug^r. to put up yoitrfruit with,.you-teceived twenty pounds for $1.00. Since McKinley "pros perity^ has returned and they worked thej'cpDfidence" game on you,.tbe big sugar trust gdt a tariff put on the pro ducts of Porto Rico and Hawaii, Migar raising countries, by their influence oyer McKinley and the. republiga^ congress, and raised the price so you now get but thirteen pounds for $1.00, or about two thirds as much as you got then. Such is-ths class of. "prosperity" Mc Kinley's reign and the gpld standard h»g brought to you farmers and producers of Iowa.- ^Whv, if it was not for the famine in India, failure of crops abroad, find in creased demand for meats and .bread stuffs because of the wars in progress now and during tbe past years, for ,th6 unexpected increase of money because of the increased production -of Kc^i^^eJfi^l^jt4 C^p(| .Nomfr and Coloivdo, tbe'^iM o^ibe^farme^s pro du&.woubri*! jnftc&r.Wer tbaa it is, while he would,, be campeUedj tbrpujib the trail Pages Phone 22. now to pay the increased prices he. is paying for every article he buys. The increased price he pay3 for the articles he buys does not go to labor, but into the pockets of the already mil' lionare trust magnates On the other hand, mills and factories are closed down by the trusts, laborers thrown out ofefn. ployment, and strikes and lockouts con' tinue. How many farmers and pro ducers of tbe country have become mil lionaires under the protective tarifl, trust breeding and fostering legislation enacted by the republican party and bow many millionaire .farmers and pro ducers have added to their millions during these four years bf "restored confidence" and "returned prosperity?" We should be glad to haye them repor ed to this office for publicatj#jf Wby a large land ownesyeTtbis county! probably as wealtbytfiman as the conn ty possesses, who voted for Bryan in 1896, recently said to us that be believed he would vote foi^IcKinley this year, because as a borro^Spf*^. could not afford to have the financial condition of the country endangered by Bryan's election, as the money power was sure to create hard times if Bryan was elected. How much longer will the farmers of Io'wa continue tp support a party which: has done so little for their interests and so much for a favored few manufacturers and monied men who form the trusts, destroy competition and individual en terprise and arbitrarily fix the prices of every article the farmer has to buy, while the stuff he has to sell depreciates in value. The farmers and laborers have the votes in this country to control every', election. When will they begin to lay aside their partisan prejudice an«| vote for a party which represents principles ot interest to them and against a party which represents no principle which benefits them and improves their con dition?—Creston Advertiser. COL. C. H. MACKEY, ^T',' of Sigourney, will speak at Leon, Iowa, Tuesday, September 25, at 2 p. m. AVOID THE TRUST ISSUE. The republican national platform does not mention the word "trusrs,"'4^: and Senator Hanna, who is the "whoie thing" in the McKinley campaign, has publicly defended trusts, as have many other conspicuous republicans who are justly regarded as the mouthpiece of the McKinley trading administration. Hanna expects to raise a big campaign fund from the trusts, whose magnates are perfectly well aware of the fact that their interests would be protected in the event of McKinley's re-election. Ex-Postmaster General Wm. L. Wil son is heartily supporting Bryan and the people's cause this year. Also Ueorge U. Wendling of Maryland, before a gold ite. Wendling made a most telling: speech in introducing Bryan at Deer Park. The democratic party has not the*' millions of dollars with which the trusts have filled the slush fund in Mr. Han nah hands to pay for distributing liter ature and sending hired spellbinders to every county and cilv in the union. Its orators and writers will labor for the love of tbe cause and the triumph of it will be their reward.—Kansas City Times. Now is the time when families must buy sugar to put up their fruit. In 1896 you got twenty pounds for a dollar, now you can only get thirteen pounds. The Sugar trust, not you, enjoys McKinley prosperity. ,1 •*,» & 11 People will eventually iu-^ sist on receiving every where the ideal service they get here without insisting. The public at large is not one half as particular as we are in this matter of pure drugs, or in regard to the accu rate filling of their prescrip tions. In the buying, hand ling, selling or compoufid ingof drugs, we never guess. We' make sure that' (every thing is right in every par ticular, :v. We want tc -I-':,- your.