OCR Interpretation

The Leon reporter. (Leon, Iowa) 1887-1930, December 27, 1900, Image 9

Image and text provided by State Historical Society of Iowa

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87057096/1900-12-27/ed-1/seq-9/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

ft- •.
I ec$7 you loss the kites on high
And blow the birds about the sky
And all around I heard you pasa,
Like ladles' skirts acrossthe grass—
O wind, a-blowlng all day lone,
O wind, that sines so loud a sons!
different things you did.
But always you yourself you hid.
I felt you push, I heard you call,
I could not see yourself at all—
O wind, a-blowlng all day long, *.*:•*
O wind, that sings so loud a spngl^V
O you that are so strong and cold,?
O blower, are you young or old?
Are you a beast of field and trefe.
Or just a stronger child than me?
O wind, a-blowlng all day long,
O wind, that sings so toud a song!
—Robert Louis Stevenson.
An Investment.
Translated by Mrs.. Moses P. Handy.
1900: Dally Story
We were strolling along the shore
•Of the bellowing sea. The waves were
^magnificent They advanced in cara
vans, crested with foam, singing crys
tal songs, they came with great cries
mnd falling upon the rocks left long
trails ot snow. Rapid, irritable, angry,
humberless, they assailed the cliffs,
eoinetimes like a gorgeous garden of
white and green flowers, sometimes
roaring like ferocious troops .of bears,
elephants and lions.
"Look," exclaimed Landa, "There
goes Lavalle."
All turned. In a little phateon, they
saw a man still young by whose side
was a woman of the Iberian type one
Of those ravishing beauties who arouse
desire, hate and jealousy In every
man's breast.
He's in luck that fellow," mur
mured the banker Langrume when the
phateon had passed. "By a single
stroke be became owner of 90,000,000
ifrancs, and the prettiest woman to be
found from pole to pole. And I have
(Worked thirty years to get my beg
garly half dozen millions."
I "You are envious," answered Landa.
"'Don't you know that Lavalle owes his
[fortune and his wife to a good specu
tion. It all came from an invest
ent of exactly 1,000 francs."
Fifteen years ago our friend Pierre
valle was a lucky young fellow of
20 years. He was rich, good-looking,
robust In health, and of a nature to
Wall himself- of his advantages. His
tajher sent him around the world. In
Chile he had as a guide a most intel
ligent man of excellent family and
Between them a friendship arose. The
guide pretended to have discovered rich
(veins of silver in the mountains, but
jhe feared to be forestalled and dared
Trust no one. At the moment of their
separation Pierre offered him a thou
sand francs. Jose Alvarado thanked
bim with a dignified air and said:
"In ten years I shall be rich and
you are my partner."
Then he wrote In the young man's
'journal this memorandum:
"Iji ten yfears I promise to share my
property with my partner, Pierre La-
Jose Alvarado.
"Santiago, Nov. 20, 1885."
Tien years later-Pierre Lavalle was
eqmpletely ruined. His father died of
Iffespalr after unlucky speculations and
left the son only a heritage of debt,
^lie poor boy was forced to accept a
jelerkship in a government office.
None the less he still went about in
•oclety. As he did not try to borrow
unoney from anybody, as he talked
jwell and looked well the best hostesses
asked him to their houses. One even
ting he attended a ball given by a rich
^Argentinian, Don Estevan Zuloaga.
ffihe"affair was dazzling. All the South
(Americans in Paris were there, includ
ing many ravishing beauties. Pierre
r' mJ', Sr
This very evening the ten years
expire. ••4'"* ..-lj
admired Spanish beauties with the en
thusiasm of the old romancers. Those
eyes where voluptuousness distilled
their magic, those delicious curves of
the figure, those little feet light and
trembling, those' magnificent mouths
created for kissing .aroused in Pierre
an ecstatic drunkenness. Don Esta
van had sought to. bring together the
richest human floWeira of the Plata,
Peru, Chile, and Mexico. The Bcene
nearly turned the head of Pierre
.when he entered.
But the grace and beauty of all the
other women was dimmed'in his eyes
when he perceived & young Chilian on
the arm of a young and hand
Spaniard. With a skin as clear as a
blonde's -but of a wonderful smooth
ness, with eyes that absorbed the light
and emitted it again in dazzling elec
tric rays with a divine mouth as in
nocent asmvoluptuous with graceful,
rhythmic walk, and the sweep of her
undulating curves she seemed to pos
sess the quintessence of the charms
and seductions of twenty exquisite
Pierre was overcome with the des
pair that follows too violent admirar
tion. The love' of such a creature
seemed to him something unattainable,
a thing to which a man could aspire
only by genlous heroism or some
other great quality. During the en
Tfceffvening each time she passed near
'th^place wh^re he sat watching-her
dancing or walking, a .wave ot pas
sionate adoration and sadness surged
through his being.
"U, .He saw hjsr again. He was Intro
duced. to her ana,»n time to her
mother. During the winter he loved
tier silently ahd without the least
liope. What right had he to covet such
love- hundred men, the elite of
Parle, would have killed themselves
for ljeri And ^h^-was fabulously richt
Bo Aehnre^ hefjia-- one gloves inac-
or the sun. She welcomed him as she
did others and her mother seemed to
like him. What did that signify?
Pierre was an impossibility. In debt)
up to his neck he passed through the
moat humiliating period of his life.
The chief of his bureau warned him
that he must either settle with his
creditors or the bureau would be com
pelled to dispense with his services.
One evening the poor boy sat with
his head is his hands reflecting upon
his situation. The thought of suicide
entered his brain. A tiny fire burned
in his stove the lamp with little oil
flickered. He was cold and hungry,
and he felt himself alone and without
a sympathetic .friend like an animal
dying in a cave. In the midst of his
distress .there came a vision of the
Chilian belle and knowing that his
clothes were no longer presentable,
that his patent leather boots were
cracked and that no tailor would give
him credit, his desire for death be*
came greater as he realized that he
could not again meet his goadess.
Mechanically he raised himself and
went to the box where he kept his
souvenirs in the hope that he might
find some Jewel that he could sell.
Some portraits, yellowing letters, locks
of hair, notes, and leaves and dry
flowers were crushed under his hand.'
He encountered the journal of travels
and turned over the pages. The notes
on Chile awakened his interest. It
was there that she had been born.
"I was twenty years old then," he
sighed, "How could I have known of
the misery in store for me?"
He read the lines written by Alva
rado: "In ten years I promise to share
"I wish that you marry my niece.1
my' property with partner Pierre La
He smiled sadly.
"This very evening the ten years ex
pire. If the good Alvarado wishes
to keep his promise he has not much
time left."
Two knocks were heard on the door.
Pierre said to himself ironically:
"There he is now."
He opened the door. He saw before
him a man of large stature, white hair
and beard with the mien of a cowboy
and the coior of cinnamon.
The visitor addressed him in Span
"Excuse me," he said. "I am late.
You are Mr. Lavalle?"
"Yes," replied Pierre astonished.
"I am Alvarado."
The you'll^ man nearly dropped the
Alvarado continued:
"I have come to pay my debt."
"Good," thought Pierre, "It will en
able me to buy some clothes so I can
see her again."
Alvarado continued: "I have made
my fortune, I bring you our accounts
as we are partners. Aside from my
personal property which I deduct, we
possess between 90,000,000 and 100,
000,000 francs. The half of these have
been realized and 25,000,000 francs are,
at your disposal.'?
The the lamp fell.
"Good," continued Alvarado, "yon
are content. It is natural. That en
courages me to demand something of
you. I prefer that the money remain
in my family and my family is com
posed of my sister and my niece."
Disappointment. Pierre had a vision
of his magnificent Chilian and re
mained silent.
"I wish .that you marry my niece.
You know her already. She is named
Anita Pena."
Pierre threw himself upon the cow
boy and'Covered his white head witfy
kisses, while he sobbed for happi
"And this," concluded Landa, "la
what it is to give 1,000 francs to a
Chilean who seeks his fortune."
"I wish I could find one like him
to stake," groaned Langrume.
A beggar passed and asked alms lq
a piteous voice. Langrume turned
away. "Why do not the police arrest
these vagabonds?" he growled.
"It will bring you good luck to give
him money." said Landa.
The banker took a franc from his
"Make him wflte a memorandum in
your Journal," said Songeres.
High-Water Times,
After not raining for a long time
it rained vety hard in India, and the
re£cen,t lettera and newspapers from
Ca3cutt& describe the flooding of that
city, wheref" the water stood1 twenty
inches de'ep^ in the streets. People
went about in boats and wagons and
as the rules of' the road were suspend
ed for the time, there was a great
mix-up in the more crowded thorough
fares. In some places pedestrians
waded up to their necks, and in other
up to their knees. Scores of natives
went about the streets spearing fish.
The, fish tanks had been overflowed,
and It was'good fishing in all the prin
cipal streets, especially in the cele
brated Msffdan. A native clerk who
was late in arriving-at his office excus
ed himself by saying that in wading
to bis place of business he was much
annoyed "by the fish, one of which
jumped out of the water, and hit him
in the eye.'
Laborers wjfo aire employed In driv
ing wedges Into a block of wood, are
careful to matf blows of no greater
torpA $ha$ is Just sufficient ft they
strikptoohard, the elasticity of the
Wood-will throw out
Bong of the Transvaalers.
Know ye the children of the veldt,
Tried true, and heroes all?
Pull grand they smite for God and
For Freedom stand or fall!
Rise, burghers, wave our dear flag
o'er us,
Triumphant shall we -be!
Glad hills shall echo to our chorus:
Our people shall be free!
Our people free y,
For aye shall be! ''•&
Cur people shall be, shall be free!
Know ye the refuge, of our sires,
That rugged land sublime.
Where Nature sowed her jeweled fires,
Like stars, at dawn of Time?
Then, burghers, join our chorus swell
Exultant where we stand
While joyous guns the skies are tell
'Tis here, our Fatherland!
Our glorious land,
Beloved land,
'Tis here, 'tis here, our Fatherland!
Know ye the new-born Afric State,
Babe-nation of the world,
This very hour, 'gainst tyrant pow'r
Hath bold defiance hurled?
Then, burghers, strike! In God whose
We sing, our hope doth dwell!
Our rifles' ring in battle glory
The spoiler's doom shall knell!
On war's red field,
With God our shield,
Triumphant all our praise shall
—Charles D. South.
Soldiers' Hard Lot in China.
The lot of the American troops
China has been far from happy, ac
cording to the Tientsin correspondent
of the London Daily Mail. He says:
"There is a constant friction be
tween the troops of the allies, and al
ready there is a covert taking of sides
and getting into line for the severance
which officers and men alike feel is
practically certain to come. The
Frenchmen, Germans, Russians, Aus
trians and Italians are gravitating to
gether, not so much because their in
terests are. identical, but because of
their common jealousy and dislike of
England and the United States. Mean
while Japan sits on the fence. Fre
quent misunderstandings are resulting.
The soldiers of one nationality are be
ing killed or wounded by men of oth
ers. Numerous British, Americans,
and Sikhs are the principal sufferers,
chiefly at the* hands of the French
sentries, who shoot on short notice.
These mishaps have resulted in
grudges and bitterness. One sore point
with the Americans was the shelling
of their men at long range by the
French troops in Pekin. No harm was
done, fortunately, but this does not
prevent the Americans from cursing
the French for a lot of stupid blun
derers. The Russians are also exe
crated for killing one American sol
dier and wounding another at Tang
Tsun by a shell which really seems to
have been fired by a British gun, but
John Bull is given the benefit of the
doubt. Probably all this petty fric
tion, though irritating, may lead to
nothing more serious than cold looks
exchanged between officers of different
nationalities and between soldiers in
the crowded streets of Pekin and Tien
tsin. But some such trifle may pro
voke a spark and start an Internation
al conflagration of which no man can
foresee the quenching."
Attacks Army Trial System.
Frank P. Blair, the attorney em
ployed by O. M. Carter, the former en
gineer officer of the army who is im
prisoned at thQ Leavenworth peniten
tiary for misuse of public funds, has
a spirited attack on the system
of military justice. In a brief, which
he has filed in connection with the at
tempt to secure Carter's release, he
says: "Less than three years ago
there were subject to trial by court
martial only 25,000 soldiers, all serving
within the borders of our forty-five
states and four territories. Now the
summary jurisdiction of these tribu
nals embraces some 10,000,000 people,
for the most part clvijjans of an alien
and partly subjected race. If we are to
believe the official reports of the com
manders in the Philippine islands as
published in the newspapers, men are
being executed for offenses scarcely or
not at all known to the civil law, with
out trial by jury, on the verdict of
from flve to thirteen men, untrained
in the law, unskilled In weighing evi
dence, and on the mere approval of a
soldier in command of a military dis
trict. It is precisely the same system
unimproved in a century and a half in
this country, long since abandoned in
the place of its birth, uhlder. which
Admiral Byng was shot to death, as
Voltaire said, 'to encourage the oth
ers.' The same system under which
Fitz John Porter was unjustly con
demned, a woman was hanged and Mil
ligan escaped only because our federal
Supreme Court staid the illegal sen
General Otis.
The return to the United States of
Major General Otis, at his own re
quest, after more than two years of
arduous and most exacting service,car
ries with it a lesson, an admonition,
which it would be well for Americans
to heed. General Otis comes back a
successful mah.with the peculiar credit
of having discharged with excellent
results duties without precedent in the
American military service, combining
a great amount of civil administration
with the actual conduct of a difficult
war and the solving of hard business
problems of transportation and sub
sistence. He has had to settle all sorts
of questions—even religious ones. He
has met the test, as all the world now
admits, with success, and on his re
turn will receive a loyal and patriotic
welcome from the whole people. Yet
throughout the gravest and most try
ing part of his service, General Otiq
was far from being held in general ap
probation. He was sharply criticised
in the press, blamed for the censorship
which he did not institute, and charge^
with incompetence on account of the
very minuteness and industry with
which he discharged the almost end
less duties of his office. The change
of sentiment with regard to General
Otis, and the honor in which he is now
held, are certain proof of the unwis
dom and injustice of condemning a
public servant when he is attacked by
the press, before he has had a cnance
to show whether or not he can do his
For the G. A. R. staff.
David E. Beem. commander of the
Department of Indiana, G. A. R., re
cently made public this list of recom
mendations of veterans from the In
diana department for appointment as,
aides-de-camp on the staff of the com
mander-in-chief of the Grand Army of
the Republic:
Daniel W. Wheeler, Terre Haute,
regular army officer stationed at St.
Louis William D. McCullough, Bra
zil A. S. McCormick, Lafayette Will
J. Crisler, Greensburg Michael Ho
gan, Wabash Tarvin C. Grooms,,
Greencastle John B. Winter, Logans
port A. S. Reel, Vincennes Garrett
H. Shover, Indianapolis John C. Ed
wards, Shelbyville John L. Kessler,
Seymour John F. Hammel, Madison
Robert W. Harrison, Lebanon Gran
ville B. Ward, Monticello William H.
Johnston, Indianapolis E. M. Woody,
Martinsville John Marsh Stevens,
Rushville T. H. Sudburg, Bloomin
ton William H. Ward, Salem R. N.
Mull, Worthington Frederick L. Thie
baud, Vevay John H. Wille, Indian
apolis Fremont E. Sunft,Indianapolis
Ezra M. Stahl, Hartford City Simeon,
A. Snyder, Bedford Lewis M. Spotts,
Rann David H. Olive, Indianapolis
Uriah Coulson, Sullivan Hiram Mur
phy, Gosport George L. Gegner.Ridge
ville Henry M. Bronson, Indianapolis
John L. Colby, Fiat Rock John W.
Woods, Indianapolis John A. Abbott,
West Indianaplis Wilbur E. Gorsuch,
South Bend I. N. Medsker, Ft. Wayne
and Adam H. Kline, Jamesboro.
Shields for Rapid-Fire Guns
The board of ordnance and fortifica
tions held an important meeting in
Washington recently and decided that
the rapid fire guns of the seacoast de
fenses should be supplied with shields.
This action must be approved by the
secretary of war before it becomes
operative. The ordnance officers, the
engineers and some artillery officers
do not approve of shields. This is a
continuation of the contest between
the ordnance officers and engineers on
the one hand and the majority of the
members of the board of ordnance and
fortifications on the other relative to
disappearing gun carriages. In con
nection with the action at the meeting
there developed an interesting feature
of the proceedings of the board rela
tive to field artillery. It appears that
an agent of the department has come
into possession of what he asserts are
accurate plans for the new French
field gun and these he offers to place at
the disposition of the board if he is
permitted to undertake the construc
tion of a sample gun from the plans
at the cost of the government. The
board decided to avail itself of the op
portunity to build the test gun and
made a recommendation to that effect
to the secretary of war.
Rubber Heels for Soldiers*
Everyone knows that when soldiers
cross a bridge they are ordered to
break step, so that the regular vibra
tion of so many feet shall not endan
ger the safety of the structure. Now
an army surgeon of France has dis
covered that the brain jar due to long
marches in regular step is trying on
the human frame as such marching is
on the structure of a bridge. To the
regular repetition of a shock to bones
and brain caused by this uniform and
long-continued marching are due the
peculiar aches, pains and illness of the
troops. On a one-day march, he says,
this shock is repeated 40,000 times, and
often the strongest men who can' walk
the same distance without trouble
when not in line succumb to the strain
in two or three days. Therefore this
surgeon proposes as a remedy the use
of rubber heels. This device has been
tried in the French infantry with great
Generals In the British Army.
The apparent anomaly of a major
general in the British army ranking
lower than a lieutenant-general is eas
ily explained. In the olden days the
highest rank of general in the British
army was captain-general, next came
lieutenant-general and then sergeant
major-general. When subsequently
certain changes were made in the des
ignation of ranks, the title captain was
dropped and the captain-general was
made a full general. The rank of lieu
tenant-general was retained and the
title sergeant was dropped from the
third rank, it then becoming major
general. The relative rank of the three
grades of generals remained as before,
the lieutenant-general thus being su
perior to the major-general. In the
field a general would usually command
an army corps, a lieutenant-general
one division, and a major-general one
Anelent "Smooth-Bores."
Two of the old cannon which the
English took from the French in 1745
and threw into the harbor of Louis
bour£ have now been brought to To
ronto. They are among a number re
cently fish#d out of Loulsbourg har
bor and have been purchased by the
government The cannon -have been
lying at the bottom of the sea for 150
years. Bach cannon is about nine feet
lone and weighs over 3,000 pounds,
Millions of ravaging disease germs
are fostered and fed in the bacteriolo
gical laboratory which is owned by the
Boston board of health. There are all
kinds of bacilli, from the bubonic
plague specimen which has the power
to extinguish a. human life in the short
period of a few days, to the dull, half
dead mites that require years and
years of frequent, even continuous, at
tacks in order to deprive man of the
pleasures of life. There are descend
ants of germs who did their last deadly
work in some remote part of China or
India, germs which have caused mucti
sorrow in the very heart of this city,
gnawed off the heaviest bonds ot
friendship, and brought poverty into
families that were comfortable and in
dependent. Maybe there are microbes
that have traveled the country over in
futile quest of victims, or assailed the
living as well as the dead on the
mysterious bottom of the sea, because
this great collection is gathered at dif
ferent times from mineral as well as
organic matter. It is an army that
could produce an awful calamity were
it set at liberty and given proper di
rection toward that end. There are
people in Boston who fear this army
to such an extent that they actually
lose sight of the effectiveness of the
method whereby it is kept and cared
for, and they even allow this unwar
ranted fear to interfere with business
prospects, says the Boston Transcript.
Here is an example: The laboratory
is located in the Sudbury building on
Sudbury street. Its quarters being
somewhat unsatisfactory for the work,
the board of health sought premises
nearer the center of the city and final
ly obtained an option on suitable
rooms. Preparations were made for
the removal of the laboratory to the
new location, but at the last moment
the owner of the building changed his
mind in accordance with his ground
less fears, and the laboratory had to
remain in the Sudbury building. Pos
sibly it will be taken into the old
court house after that structure has
been renovated and enlarged.
It may be useful, therefore, to look
into the bacterial camp, the scientific
prison of so many enemies of life and
happiness. Death lurks in every cor
ner like a feasting parasite, without
hope and without desire to escape, ev
erywhere watched by the bacteriolo
gists, who handle it with calm and
authority. Under the conditions there
is absolutely nothing to fear, as the
good health of the doctors and attend
ants will attest.
Every little group of germs kept in
stock lies imprisoned in a glass tube,
drenched in serum or agar, which,
while it feeds the microscopic organ
ism, also prevents its escape even
the stopper were removed from the
mouth of the tube, and each tube is
sealed with paraffin. No germs can
rise from the media and sail in the
air. They rise only when they are
dry, and they are never dry except
when the bacteriologists dry them on
a glass slide over a hot fire, which
kills them. All the material which is
used in the researches is destroyed by
fire as soon as the experiments are
completed, excepting the glass recep
tacles and instruments, which can be
cleansed by chemical solutions. Ani
mals injected with the more danger
ous germs are not kept in open iron
cages during the incubation period
they are put into glass bowls and
excluded from all chances of coming
into contact with anything which
might transfer the disease. Summing
the story up in a few words, the labor
atory is as safe to health as any office
or dwelling house.
The illustration shows the combined
carriage lamp and foot warmer re-
cently patented, for use in cold weath
er. The object of the invention is to
provide simple and effective means by
which a continuous warmth at little
expense may be supplied to the feet
of the occupant of the vehicle, and in
which the arrangement is such as to
provide a light whose rays may be di
rected on the road in advance of the
team. This object is attained by
mounting the lamp proper directly un
derneath the body of the vehicle, with
the oil reservoir located below and at
the rear lamp. Leading from the res
ervoir to the lamp is a curved tube
containing the feed wick, and in line
witji the blaze is the glass bull's-eye,
through which the rays are emitted.
Directly over the flame is a vertical
tube leading to a warming chamber
contained inside the body of the wagon
and a passage for smoke is formed by
a continuation of the pipe. It can be
readily understood that if the wifck Is
Ignited and the feet are placed over
the warming chamber and covered
with a robe they will be perfectly
comfortable themselves and also aid
greatly in the circulation of blood
through other portions of the body.
Muscles and Brmln.
In one of his recent lectures at
Clark University, Prof. Angelo Mosso
,of Turin averred that "Physical edu-
and gymnastics serve not only
for the development of the muscles,,
but for that of the brain as well." It'
is becoming evident, he said, that as
much time should be devoted to mus
cular exercise as to intellectual exer
cise, and children should begin read
ing and writing only after they are
nine years old. Muscular fatigue ex
hibits phenomena identical with in
teilectual fatigue. Nerve cells show
oa the average every ten seconds a,
tendency to rest. It Is probable thai
only part of the brain is active at the
time the various parts relieve eacl^
other. The more mobile any animal's
extremeties are, the more intelligent,
other things being equal, he is.
The sowing of grass and other fine
grain evenly is a difficult task when
attempted by hand and most of the
patent seeders offered for sale are too
costly for the average farmer to in
vest in, especially when it is taken,
into consideration that the seeder will
only be used once or twice a year.
With the idea of providing a cheap and
simple apparatus, which will sow the
seed rapidly and evenly, a Canadian in
ventor has designed the apparatus
illustrated above. It consists of cloth
sack suspended from the shoulder and
provided at its single lower corner
with a funnel leading into the distri
buting tube. The funnel has an in
ternal gate to limit the amount of
grain passing through. In the outer
end of the tube is arranged a series of
deflecting fingers, which aid materi
ally in the distribution of the grain,
which is accomplished by swinging
the tube from side to side while held in
a slanting position, the grain falling
toward the outlet as long as the end is
held downward and the gate left open.
Owing to the length of the tube the
area covered at each swing is consider-,
ably greater than could be seeded by
China'* Coal Fields.
China contains some of the richest
coal deposits in the world. Last fall
Professor Drake of Tientsin visited
coal fields in the province of S
which were examined by Baron
Richthofea-- in-1870, and found" that
they are of immense "fexteri't. The coal
area is said to be greater than that of
Pennsylvania, and the anthracite coal
alone contained in these fields has
been estimated at 630,000,000 tons.
The Shansi coal beds are so thick and
lie so uniformly in a horizontal posi
tion that the practicability has been
suggested of running long lines of
railroad tunnels through the beds so
that the cars can be loaded in the
mines all ready for distant transpor
To Protect the Great Redwood*.
It was reported at the recent meet
ing of the American Association tot
the Advancement of Science that the
redwood forests of the Pacific coast
are now practically all in the hands of
private owners who hold them for
lumbering purposes. Since the red
wood rivals the gigantic sequoia in
size and interest, it is deemed a mat
ter of scientific importance that it
should be preserved, and the associa
tion approved the action of its botani
cal section in favoring the purchase
and preservation of a public park in
the Santai Cruz mountains covering
more than 25,000 acres, and occupied
largely by the primeval redwood for
Wonderful Variable Stars.
In studying the variations in the
light of certain stars in the cluster
known as "Messier 3," Professor Bail
ey has found one star whose changes
are so rapid that in thirty minutes it
gains more than an entire magnitude
in other words, becomes more than
two and a half times as bright as it
was at the beginning. Several others
vary with a rapidity almost equally
startling. Their entire period of vari
ability from one maximum to the next
is about half a day, but they' gain light
much quicker than they lose it: It
seems impossible to regard such stars
as suns in the sense of our sun.
An Enormous Crystal.
Recent notices in newspapers con
cerning a crystal of spodumene twen
ty-nine feet in length, said to be the
largest known, have led Professor
Montgomery of Toronto to describe in
scientific journals a crystal of that
mineral which he measured in the
Etta tin mine in the Black Hills In
1885, and which was no less than thir
ty-eight feet six inches in length and
thirty-two inches in thickness. It was
almost perfect in form. Spodumene is a
grayish-white or pink mineral almost
as hard as quartz.
Latest In Apartment Honsei
The latest innovation in New York
apartment houses is a combination of
hotel and private dwelling. There are
the usual suites on each floor, and, in
addition, a number of bedrooms fur-.
nished by the owner of the house, and
rented by the night or week to occu-.
pants of flats who haYe friends visit
ing them, says the Houston .Post. Thiq
experiment has proved immensely suc
cessful, landlords say, and the side line/
of guest chambers is sure to be in
a'uded In every well regulated apartr
ment building herekfter.
»v, v«
Sophia Holmes, Who Died In Washing*
ton the Other Day, Ltft a Bioord for
Heroism That Is Truly
Hec Bace.
Old Sophia Holmes, the most inter*
esting colored woman of her day, has
left a little story woven around her
memory which will long live, and a
record of which her race may well be1
She died in Washington a few days,'1
ago, where she had won her mark ef
distinction as the first colored woman
to be given a life position under the
United States government, which was
awarded by a special act of congress
during Lincoln's administration.
This position she retained until her
death, always carrying herself with
dignity which won the respect of all
her superior officers.
On another occasion she detected a
man stealing $47,000 from the count
ing room of the treasury and caused
his arrest and the return of the money.
Sophia Holmes was born in George
town, Va., and was married to Mel-i
choir Holmes, whose freedom she pur
chased with her own earnings. He
lost his life in the civil war.
Sophia Holmes was over 70 years of
age, how much she herself was un
able to tell, for as much as she was
associated with figures she had no
memory for dates.
'.f?" 1
She was at that time employed as
charwoman in the division of issues
department, a position to which she!
was appointed by President Lincoln
One evening in 1863, in sweeping up1,'^
after closing hours she found a chest
of bank notes, which had been care--!S'^
lessly overlooked by the employes and
left out of the vault. Not knowing
what to do and fearing to call the
watchman, of whose honesty she was
not Bure, she continued to sweep back
and forth until it was dark, then she
dragged the chest as noiselessly as
possible to a place beneath a table an»
lay upon the top as sentinel. ,«
It was past midnight when Genera}
Spinner, then treasurer, made hlsi
nightly round. He had long made it,
a habit to sleep in the building am.'
to make a personal survey of the de
partment at midnight.
The negress listened and realizing
whom it was called out to him aJ
made her discovery known. Noted jo
his profanity, General Spinner is Sail
to have made use of his powers uroot
this occasion, and expressed his wrath
in fiery volume. The frightened
woman, at his command, followed
trembling to a room above, where at
that unusual hour a committee meet
ing wag called. She was absolved
from^^feUa-me and allowed to feturn
she did rejoicing,
deed of
in the
to cArcy
of money from one employ®
to another, at the highest salary paid
to the laborers in the government em-
ploy, which is $60 a month. 'H'
Mr. Sample, now treasurer of the
United States, requested her to sit for
the accompanying sketch and as she
did so she remarked "I'm gettin' ready
to die now 'specs it's most time,
'cause I'm gettin' my picture sketched.
I've been honest, and I'm glad to give
the world that record."
Credit to
l4HgesV Si arclillsht in the World.
The largest searchlight in the wo
is situated on the top of Mount Lo
in California, at an altitude of 3,.
feet above sea level. It is known
the "Great World's Fair Searchlight,"
because it was first exhibited at the
World's Fair in Chicago. It was si
sequently exhibited at the Mid-Wint
Fair at San Francisco, where it stoo-.v
on a tower 264 feet in height. At
the close of the last-named fair the
searchlight was purchased by Profes
sor Lowe and removed to its preser*
site. It is of the 3,000,000 candle p?
er, and stands on a wooden base li
in octagon form, which has a du.
ter of eight feet. The total weight
the searchlight is 6,000 pounds.
ertheless it is so perfectly mou^
and balanced that even a child
move it in any direction. The rai
this searchlight are so powerful
they can be seen at a distance of
miles, and the beam of the light is
strong that it is possible to read a
newspaper by its light thirty-five miles
away. ",
Moarnloc for Ancestors Portrait
A fire brolvt out recently in the:
ace of the emperor ot Korea at
and completi ly destroyed the sai
ary, where ti mortuary tablets
imperial family are kept The
dential part of the palace seenf
have escaped uninjured. A fin I
question will be the Issue of thh
lamity. Funeral rites, erecting
tombs and constructing of cenotap^
are immensely costly operations In
Korea, and there is no money at pres
ent In the imperial exchequer. As a
first step the Korean court west into
mourning for three days because the
portraits of the Imperial ancestors
were destroyed in the conflagratlM*
All olticialdom robed itself fa
sad the/Inmates ot the palace
sackcloth and fared reughly.—A, JN0*
lamy Brown, In Chlesfte Record.
ShOOM:: Set
-met young at* ft*

xml | txt