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The Leon reporter. (Leon, Iowa) 1887-1930, April 04, 1901, Image 9

Image and text provided by State Historical Society of Iowa

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87057096/1901-04-04/ed-1/seq-9/

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Invasion
of China*
.. Thie reason for this reformation
perature, and that there
Jmum.
A
of
"China Is explained in a most striking
article on "Some of the'(Conclusions
Which May be Drawn .from the Siege
of.
the Foreign Legations in Pekin,"
published in the February Cornhill.
The writer is the Rev. Roland Allen,
of ..the Church of England Mission, Pe
kin, and it is impossible to read his
paper and doubt that he is a man
of sense and judgment. He speaks
from knowledge and from the heart,
and is no mere sensation-monger,
Again, he is, we should say, in no
sense the kind of person whoso mind
has been daunted or unhinged by the
terrible experiences of last summer,
and who has given way to unreason
ing pessimism. He indicates how
formidable is the influence of the anti
foreign feeling among the Chiness by
showing that it is bassd on moral
grounds. A mere savaga prejudice
Jigainst the white man would not
greatly matter, for it might be ex
pected to die out of itself. But the
present hatred of foreigner is
founded on reasoiijr-Chir.ese reason,
if
you will—and is no mere whim of
ignorance.. The Chinese feel toward
us much as many white men feel to
ward them. The foreigner is held to
be evil because. he has a perfectly
different outlook on life from that of
the Chinaman, and appears bent on
overthrowing all that the Chinaman
reveres in life and civilization, and
regards as necessary to a happy and
-.even decent existence.' Hence China
men who are not bad men in them
selves feel bound to condone almost
any atrocities that may save them
,from what they loathe and dread sa
inexpressibly—the arrogant domina
tion of the foreigner. They
,feel as we should feel, supposing the
parts were reversed, and our ports
were held by various sections of the
rChinese race—some of whom were
jbent on'forcing their trade on us, and
,|some on political and territorial ag
grandizement, some on conversions
to their own religious and moral stan-
Idards, but all of whom were tilled, or
The representative of the Chinese
^government at vVashington, Minister
iWu, gives himself credit, and appar
ently with reason for being a match
.-tnaker. In proof of his ability in this
lice he tells the following story:
"I attended a marriage ceremony
about a year ago and among the
bridesmaids was Miss Blank, the
daughter of Senator ank. After the
ceremony there was a reception, and
in the course of it I said to Miss
-•fifeflte— I- suppose I shall have the
pleasure of attending your wedding
soon?' Tne young lady said there was
no prospect of sucn an event. 'Why
don't you get married?' I asked. She
replied that she could not do so until
some one asked her. *'0h!' said I,
(t'lcrtrical
Few persons have any idsa of the
amount of capital and labor now be
!ing devoted to the electrical industries
of this country. An expert says that
600,000 persons are employed and he
divides up the investments in this fash
ion: Street railways, $1,800,000,000
lighting, $1,200,000,000 telephones,
ABOUT SUN SPOTS.
Xlio Idea of Their Association with
Famines Not a Now One.
The idea of an association between
sun spots and famines is not a new
one. Economists are to some extent
familiar with it, as the contempora
neous occurrence of certain sun spot
conditions and hard times have from
time to time been noted. This fact has
suggested the probability of some con
nection between them, but their wide
separation in both.space and character
has usually been accepted as preclud
ing the possibility of any such inter
relation, as they have consequently
been relegated to the realm of acci
dental coincidences. In a paper re
cently read before the Royal Society,
however, Sir Norman Lockyer and Dr.
W. J. S. Lockyer present, as the result
of careful investigation,' an array of
facts, which, though they do not prove
the two phenomena to be related as
cause and effect, go some ways toward
doing so, s^ys the Philadelphia Times.
Th^se
savants found in the first place
when the area of spots was great
est the
were
unknown lines in their spectra
widened, and that when the area
was
least the known lines were widen
ed.
From this they drew the inference
that a
maximum
area
companies
of sun spots ac­
a
great increase in tem­
are
periodic changes of solar tem
perature, a maximum being foi
lowed
by
a
mean and then a
comparison of the rain-
I tatistics of several countries with
fum records was then made and
found that in India heavy rains
Jy
occurred in the year follow
|e mean condition, at dates near
a little earlier than the maxima
ie
minima of sun spots, the same
'applying to snowfall. Between
these
periods of rainfall, in the same
country,
there
are
These
periods of drought.
are found
to
the intervals
correspond
to
between
the
minima of
the fluctuations in
maxima and
solar temperature shown"
by
the
ing these data to the
spots. Apply­
famine
records
!they discovered that all the famines of
ilndia since 1836 ortcurjed ^during these
intervals and that if the maxima were
assumed to reappear every eleven
years that the famines of 1836, 1847,
I860, 1868-69, 1880 and 1890-93 would,,lit
with the central points or
Hatred For For
eigners is Ba.sed
on Chinese Rea
son.^
seemed to us, filled with the idea of
domination in one form or another,
and all of whom were working to
break down our national independence
and to substitute something different.
Against that "yellow peril" we should
feel that almost any weapon was al
lowable. At any rate we should not
be deterred from rallying the nation
to a supreme effort of resistance by
the fact that many" atrocious crimes
had been committed on the Chinese
interlopers. No excjjses, however
good, for their invasion or interfer
ence would be allowed' to weigh in
the balance against the instant dread
of- the conquering or dominating
Chinamen. Again, however bad, ty
rannous, corrupt and feeble we might
think our own government, we should
resolve to stand by it till we had got
rid of the "yellow peril." That peril
would only weld this nation together,
but if the danger were at our doors,
it would weld all Europe and make a
concert of the Christian powersv such
as the world has hitherto never ssen.
Now we do not mean for a moment
to suggest that the Chinese are right
in thinking of the white men as they
do think of them, or to compare Chi
nese civilization with our own—if
their system is really as good as ours,
then Christianity has no meaning—
but wc do say that it is essential to
understand the Chinese point of view,
and the consequences that P.ow from
it. We conquered India comparative
ly easily because we were not op
posed by this moral force in any vig
orous shape. The various races of
India may not have like the intrud
ing foreigner, but they had no horror
of him, no passionate fear that he
meant to uproot their own cherished
civilization, and no conviction that
their own social system was so pre
cious that it was worth making enor
mous sacrifices to save it. But tli3
Chinese have that feeling, and this
feeling makes them truly a nation,
and gives them the power of resist
ance. That is the gist of Mr. Allen's
testimony.—London Spectator.
ii
dUCi*
'that can be arranged very easily. I'll
attend to it. I turned to a nice-looking
Joung man who had been the best man
and said to him: 'Wouldn't you like
to marry this young lady, Miss Blank?'
He said he would be delighted. 'There,'
1 said to Miss Blank, 'this young gen
tleman, through me, asks you to ac
cept him.' We all laughed, and that
was the end of it at the time-. A few
days afterward met Miss Blank at a
reception, and she said to me: 'Min
ister Wu that was a novel thing for
you to do. I had only been introduced
to that gentleman a day or two.' Well,
a couple of weeks ago I received the
wedding cards for Miss Blank's wed
ding, and the prospective husband was
none other than the young man for
whom I had proposed to her."
©$®®®sXsX5XjX5XS)®®®®®S)S®5®0®®®® 5
^®®S5XsXJ)5X^5Xs^X!)$®®SXsXiXS®®®0SX3®S)®©®®$®®®®®®S®®®0®®®gxSi5Xij®
?300,000,000 telegraph, $250,000,000
mining, power transmission and plat
ing, together, $250,000,000 manufac
turing apparatus, $150,000,000, and
automobiles and storage batteries,
$25,000,000. This is close to $4,000,000,
000, and is probably twice as much as
Europe has put into the same line 1
business.
mean conoitions between minima and
maxima, which took place in 1836,
1847, 1858, 1869, 1880 and 1891. Also
that the famines of 1854, 1865-66, 1876
77 and 1S84-85 fitted very closely to
the mean conditions between maxima
and minima, which came in 1852-53,
1863-64, 1874-75 and 1S85-86. Accord
ing to the Lockyers the recent Indian
famine was due to abnormal sclar
temperatures. Under the rule a mean
temperature should have been reached
in 1897 or 1898, but spectrum observa
tions show that it has not yet been
reached, and that consequently the ef
fects of the minimum, which should
have occurred in 1899 and caussd rain
from the southern ocean, have been
lost.
Setback for "Smart Ali-ckn."
1' oiks out in Alton, Kan., are gener
ally agreed that Miss Lydia Peach of
that place bears an appropriate name.
Somebody has circulated a report that
she is about to be married and Miss
Peach publishes a card saying that
when she wants a husband she will
not ask the community to select one
for he-r, adding: "I am quite able to
settle that matter to suit myself ana
don't want help from any of the smart
Alecks in town."
Put Off Date or Effect.
The Wyoming legislature has passed
a law prohibiting gambling. The bill
caused much strife throughout the ses
sion and it was only after being
amended so that the law would not
take effect until Feb. 22, 1902, that it
passed through the house. .The bill
was sent to the governor.
How He Avoided Strike*.
The late ex-Lieutenant Governor
Halie of Massachusetts owned for
many years a large mill in Hinsdale,
N. H., but never had a strike. "I
keep a club in my office and I call it
kindness," he once said. "It has never
a failed me in dealing, with my help—
'they are all my friends." -r
Two Slekroom Hints.
Raise the invalid's head by slipping
your hand under the upper pillow and
liftihg it •vifith as much firmness as
possible. In chronic gastric catarrh
ife is extremely beneficial to drink hot
-water before eating. A little salt adds
to the good reiulta. 'l'M
BIG AFRICAN LAKES.
TRAVELER'S SOLUTION OF TKE
TANGANYIKA MYSTERY.
the Dig Lake Found to lie
Wholly I-acufltrlne Volcanoes Dam
Cp a Stream auil Turu the Water (he
Oiher Way. S I
The mystery that has always su,r
.•otinded the great lakes of Central
Africa is largely solved in the new
number of the Geographical Journal
by Mr. J. E. S. Moore. His explora
tions have linked together much in
formation previously rather fragmen
tary. Tanganyika was discovered by
Burton and Speke in 1857, and the lat
ter brought to England a few shells
picked up on its shore which found
their way to the British museum. Some
of them puzzled the experts, for,
though ta.ken from a fresh water lake
very far inland, they strongly resem
bled genera which inhabit the sea.
They had also a curiously old world
aspect, as if they were lineal descend
ants of shells which lived about the
time when the limestones called ool
ites were formed, or considerably be
fore our chalk was deposited. But the
little known about Africa had led ge
ologists to suppose that, at any rate,
the central and southern parts had
been above the sea far longer than
this. In course of time, however, moce
discoveries were mad in Tanganyika,
including shells of similar types, pe
culiar fishes, crabs, prawns, sponges,
and even a jelly fish—in fact, a num
ber of creatures, all suggesting that
their ancestors had been marine. Then
in 1897 Mr. Moore visited the lake
and brought 'back collections which
placed the matter beyond doubt. But
the settlement of that question only
raised another. In what way did Tan
ganyika communicate with the sea?
Some ten years ago Prof. Suess, of Vi
enna, by piecing together the informa
tion gathered by travelers in the more
central parts: of Africa, came to the
conclusion that the continent on its
eastern side was traversed by a re
markable group of rifts, which had
resulted in the formation of valleys.
In these lay the longer and narrower
of the African lakes. He traced the
rift system" from Syria, along the
valley of the Jordan, down the Red
sea, southward into Africa. Near Lake
Rudolf it divides the two branches
opening out to inclose a broad tract
of highlands in the middle of which
is the wide Victoria Nyanza. The
western arm passes through the Al
bert lake, Kivu and Tanganyika, turn
ing eastward from the south end of
the last to the head of Nyassa. Here
it is very probably joined by the east
ern branch, which can be traced for
long way. passing to the west of
R.enya and Kilimanjaro. These great
rifts would' seem to be the natural
lines of connection with the ancient
ocean, and, if so, that cculd be tracked
by seeing which of the lakes contained
the strange creatures of Tanganyika.
So a .second exj^edition was organized,
headed by Mr. Moore to examine the
whole chain of lakes along the west
ern "Rife Valley," from Nyassa to the
Albert Nyanza. His former expedi
tion had made it almost certain that
Nyassa had never been in communi
cation with the sea. Consequently,
the way could not have been from the
south. In Tanganyika he found still
more evidence of an ancient marine
fauna which had tenanted its waters
at a time when the lake covered a
much larger area. But neither in
Kivu nor in the Albert Edward lake,
nor in the Albert Nyanza could he dis
cover any traces of these marine crea
tures. Their fauna, like that of Ny
assa, was wholly lacustrine. More than
that, Mr. Moore found that the river
draining Kivu descends as a torrent
through an upland region to the old
head of Tanganyika and that the for
mer lake is cut off from' the Albert
Edward by a huge mass of volcanoes
some of which are still active. Strange
as it may seem he gives good reasons
for believing that Kivu had been
formed by the outbreaking of these
volcanoes, which have dammed up a
stream that formerly ran to the north
till the water at last found an out
let in the opposite direction down to
Tanganyika. Thus, strange as it may
seem, the sea can only have lain to
the west, over the present basin of the
Congo.—London Standard.
A Pleasant Fad.
An attractive fashion among the
smart men of New York is the sending
of dainty hampers of fruit to their
masculine friends on feast days and
holidays. The wicker hampers are
very pretty and are filled most at
tractively with luscious fruits which
nestle amid the green leaves of soft
smilax and other foliage. In addition
to sending flowers to the friends who
are going to cross the briny deep
Dame Fashion dispatches fruit. The
flowers fade, but the fruit will ia=t
until the journey ends, and even in
sickness fruits can be eaten often
when nothing else can. So the lus
cious product of Pomona is packed in
dainty baskets and sent to convey
sweet messages and kind wishes for
bon voyage.
Memorial Churoli for Riobmoml.
It is proposed to erect a unique me
morial church in Richmond, Va. In
addition to memorial windows in
honor of departed naval and military
heroes, there will be a window in
honor of Christian bankers, another
for railroad men and a third for iron
workers. These will be erected by
contributions from representatives of
the several classes which they will
honor, and all who contribute will be
provided with cards which will admit
them when visiting the church to
pews opposite the memorials in which
they are interested.
Horo Thirteen Children and Lived to
lie 109.
Mrs. Margaret King, the oldest in
habitant of Decatur county, died this
morning at the residence of her daugh
ter, Mrs. Frank Lohrer, in this city,
aged 109 years, says a Grecyisburg, Ind.,
dispatqh to the IndianapoliB Journal.
She w*as born near White. Oaks, Ohio,
,in
1791, and came to this
her
state
with
parents in 1802, locating
near Ve-
vay, "where she witnessed the carrying
away into captivity
by
the Indians
of
an older sister. She was the mother
of 18 children, seven having gone be
fore at advanced years.
ENGLAND'S NEW WARSHIPS.
Preparations for a Hutch or i8,oou-Tod
Itattleshipa.
rians are now being prepared S-S a
new
batch of first-class 'battleships,
that will out-Herod Herod in the mat
ter of size. Hitherto we have kept
our monsters of the deep down to 15,
000 tons, as compared with 12,000 tons
odd In the French, German, Russian
and United States nnvies. But France
in her latest ships, is going to 15,000
tons, and has talked of 18,000. The
United States, which was once a par
tisan or "moderate dimensions," has
gone up to 15,000 for her latest ships.
On that displacement both nations
have got more guns and armor than
British designs provide. In order not
to be left behind, and still to preserve
various heavy fads deemed essenti-1
for British ships, our admiralty has
decided to put on weight, and the
new battleships, Queen and Prince of
Wales, will.be pf 18,000 tous displace
ment. The armament is not yet defin
itely settled, but it will consist of four
12 inch Mark IX. and probably eight
7.5 inch, ten inch, and twenty or
more 3 inch (12-pounders). The 7.5
is a new gun, of which a good deal has
been heard for some time, though it
has not hitherto appeared afloat. It
used to be known as the 7: inch, its
caliber being 7.7 inches. Its adoption
now is of a somewhat half-hearted na
ture, says the London Globe. Objec
tions have been raised against it on
the score of the weight of the projec
tile, 200 pounds, which is rather heavy
for manual use. The recent vast im
provements in armor—six inches of
Krupp armor are equal to a foot of
Harvey steel armor or eighteen inches
of iron—have, however, rendered ab
solutely necessary, a more powerful
weapon than the convenient 100
pounder 6 inch. Two years ago it was
practically decided to mount the 7.5
inch gun in all new ships, but for
some unaccountable reason the deci
sion hung fire. A feature of the new
ships is that, owing to their enormous
bulk, they will, it is hoped, risk only
comparatively small inconvenience
from a torpedo. As that wea
pon can now be fired with accuracy
at range of a mile or more the torpedo
is a far more important weapon than
it was four or iive years ago. Subma
rines, too, are helping to make the
torpedo a serious rival of the gun.
Some measure of salvation lies in
bulk, for the bigger the ship the mora
easily can systems of water-tight com
partments be amplified.
KIuk Alfreil the Great.
The forthcoming commemoration o)
King Alfred the Great, which will
take place during the coming summei
at Winchester, England will be one of
the most striking and appropriate
events of the first year of tho new
century. Winchester is the murarch's
place of burial and the ancient and
royal capital of England, and the
commemoration is one on which her
majesty the late queen, early bestowed
her approval. The colossal statue of
the king which is now being executed
by Hamo Thornycroft, R. A., will take
a prominent place among the perma
nent memorials which will be the out
come of the forthcoming celebration.
This striking figure is now complete
in plaster and in the hands of the
founders to be cast into bronze. It
measures over sixteen feet in height
and some idea of its colossal sizo may
be gleaned by a comparison with the
sculptor who stands by its side. It
is, moreover, of Mr. Thornycroft's
best work. The base, which is at the
same time both bold and simple, will
be composed of two huge granite
monoliths, which are now in Cornwall
awaiting transport, weighing respect
ively forty and thirty-five tons.
Trends Monoy to Ruslnoss Women.
Chicago has a Business Women's
Loan Association which suggests the
"Little Societies" that have long flour
ished in Germany, although it is le3S
of a philanthropic enterprise and
more of a business proposition. The
German societies lend small amounts
of money to women desiring to go
into business for themselves,and rec
ords show that the losses of the or
ganization have amounted to very
little. The Chicago association lends
money for the same uses, but requires
good security, and protects itself
against any heavy loss. The need of
such an organization and its success
are an interesting commentary on the
eagerness with which women are in
vading the business world.—New
York Sun.
Turkeys Driven to the Door.
Yesterday afternoon two turkey herd
ers drove a flock of over thirty birds
through tho streets of Ortega and Ti
burcio, leisurely offering them for sale
as they went along, says the Mexican
Herald. The men were hardy moun
tain specimens, the cut of their cloth
ing showing that they had come from
^ome distant pueblo. They carried
whips, with short wooden stocks and
long lashes, and when a customer hail
ed them from an adjacent zaguan they
promptly rounded up the turkeys,
caught the one designated by the tail
and handed him over for examination,
the. result being that many Sunday
dinners were bought, as it were, "on
the hoof."
Uncle Sam to Coax Indians.
By means of music Uncle Sam will
try to induce the Indians in Minneso
ta to abandon their war dances, and
other barbarian ceremonies, including
the beating of the tomtom. Pianos
are to be put into the schools on all
of the reservations, teachers are to be
employed, and the work of educating
uie Indians to a higher plane of mu
sic than they have heretofore been ac
customed to. will be begun.
Professional Tobacco Samplers*
Even the best judges of tobacco can't
always be depended on. Sometimes
their taste goes back on them, so to
speak, and remains blunted for a week
at a stretch. Professional samplers of
tobacco take a week off every few
months and never look at the' weed
until they return to duty. In that
way they keep in condition.
The mdv.se man takes both narrow
and selflsh\ «ws of life and the world
he is eitherxTiyious of the happiness
of others, or denies Us existence.—C.
Sltsimonda.
TO FLOAT AT POLE.
OUR FLAG FIRST FOR THE EX
TREME NORTH.
Evolyn lialdivin's l':am to Make a Dash
to tho North 1'oIh lie Will Tako the
"Franz, Joner Ituutt* Kxplitrnr'g
Confidence.
The vessel chosen by Evelyn B.
Baldwin for his proposed "dash to tho
north pole" has been named the Am
erica. The expedition will be distinct
ly American. If the dauntless captain
who has quietly and unostentatiously
devoted many months to preliminary
study and investigation before em
barking upon what he feels will be
the voyage of his life, in more senses
than one, reaches his goal at latitude
90 degrees north and stands on the
spot beneath the north star, where
there is neither east nor west," it will
be the stars and stripes which will
there be first unrolled and frozen. Mr.
Baldwin is now in Washington re
cruiting the party for his expedition,
says the Chicago Chronicle. His idea
of polar exploration is diametriealiy
opposed to that of Lieutenant Peary,
so far as the personnel of such a party
is concerned. Pearv has said the
gieater the party the greater the dan
ger of accident, and necessarily of de
lay. "Two men, the right two men,
can go north over the ice faster and
farther than 2,000," lie is said to have
asserted. Baldwin thinks that polar
exploration is like any exploration,
and that in the union of a moderate
number of strong, active, hardy men,
there is greater strength. He admits,
however, that like a war fleet, such
a party is only so strong and so fast
as its weakest and slowest member.
There will be about thirty in the Bald
wm-Ziegler expedition, but there will
be none but the hardiest. Mr. Bald
win has been very reticent, in regard
to his plans. After his return from a
three months' visit in Europe "to
gather information of all sorts," as
he said when he started out, he would
make no definite disclosures in regard
to the plan which the expedition had
adopted, it was only through the an
nouncement of Capt. Bernier, who has
been chosen to lead a Canadian ex
pedition, that he was Considering an
overland voyage by sledge from Franz
Josef Land, that it became known that
the 1'ianz Josef Land route had been
chosen by Mr. Baldwin. The English
and Scotch newspapers, in comment
ing upon Eernicr's change of plan,
censured the Canadian captain most
severely for what they termed an en
croachment on the declared plans of
the Baldwin-Ziegler expedition. Since
this statement it has transpired that
Mr. Baldwin, after a long and careful
study of all the known charts of ocean
currents, has decided to allow the Am
erica to be frossn into the drift ice
somewhere in the neighborhood of
I'jda? Josef Land. The explorer has
a conscience which amounts a)mo?t to
certainty ir\ his mind that the ship
will sooner or uu,,.
b., Bwept Mross
the unknown seas withir. striking dis
tance of the pole. Mr. ii)n-jn,°hav
ing settled in his mind the que&ei^a
of reaching the pole, is now possessed
by a fear that Lieut. Peary will get
there before him.
The long list of efforts, wilh their
recorded failures or only partial suc
cess, is sure to arouse doubts in the
minds of even the most sanguine as to
the ultimate success of the Baldwin
Ziegler expedition in reaching the
long sought goal, but it is a striking
commentary upon the character of
Mr. Baldwin that those who know
him most intimately, and have dis
cussed his .plans with him with great
est care place implicit faith in the ex
pedition to do all that is possible to
man.
»15«?lleveH In Iiiliub'.tod Worlds.
The president of the French Acad
emy of Sciences, at the last meeting of
that body, announced that Mme. Guz
mann, a believer in the plurality of
inhabited worlds, had bequeathed to
the Academy a sum of 100,000 francs,
to be given to any person who shall
have succeeded in entering into com
munication with one of the heavenly
bodies, with the exception of the
planet Mars. The "will," M. Levy
adds, wisely provides that on each oc
casion that the prize could be award
ed during the space of five years in
succession the compound interest will
be devoted to the promotion of the
serious work of astronomy. The in
tention of the founder would be
scrupulously carried out, and the prize
would be put up for competition in the
present year.
Speonlatlou nnd Theft.
Some statistician, in emulation of
Lombroso, perhaps, has been figuring
out the habitnal employment of con
victs. He concludes that more men
and women whose employers are tho
national, state or municipal govern
ments fall into evil ways and come to
untoward ends than those who work
for private individuals or corporations.
A very large proportion of the men and
women who have been handlers of
public moneys seem to yield to the con
stant temptation and begin to specu
late, and some cynic avert that pecula
tion is the corollory of speculation. As
a matter of fact, most of the big and
little thieves who confess how they
were led to take money that did not
late, ana some cynic aver that pecula
tions of one sort or another brought
them eventually behind the bars.
Xcceslty of Cover During 8icep.
The object is simply this: Nature
takes the time when one is lying down
to give the heart a rest, and that or
gan consequently makes ten strokes
less a minute than when one is in an
upright posture. Multiply that by six
ty minutes and it is 600 strokes.
Therefore in eight hours spent in ly­
ing
down, the heart is saved nearly
5,000
strokes, and as the heart pumps
six
ounces of blood with each stroke,
it
lifts
30,000
night
when one
the
ounces -less of blood in a
of eight hours
spent
is
in bed than
in
an upright position. As
blood flows so much more slowly
through
the
veins when one is lying
down, one must supply then with
extra coverings the warmth usually
furnished by circulation.
He has mnunand of the sack who Is
seated on it.
VICTIM OF DOUBLE JOKS.
What Followed When an Alderman
Spoke to a Motion*
Recently, when a measure which at
tracted more than usual attention was
being debated in the city council, Aid.
Brenner spoke loud and long on the
topic, says the Chicago News. Scarce
ly had each speaker in reply finished
when Brenner was again on his- feet.
This was repeated several times until
finally a wag in the council, tiring of
the discussion, slipped a written or
der to the reading clerk and quietly
sat back in his chair while the clerk
read out, in stentorian tones a propo
sition to declare "Aid. Brenner a pub
lic. nuisance" and calling upon all well
disposed persons to suppress him oti
sight. Greatly enraged, Brenner
made himself heard above the roar of
laughter with a demand for the name
of the author of the sally. The only
answer he received was continued
laughter, which was taken up by the
occupants of tho visitors' gallery.
"Hon't make any fuss," whispered
"Blind" Billy Kent, who sat near at
hand. "I will tell you who did it. It
was Novak*. I saw him hand it up."
In a minute Brenner was beside the
accused, breathing forth suggestions
of annihilation to the astonished alder
man, who could only gasp a weak de
nial, so great was his surprise and so
sudden the attack. "Don't you deny it
for one minute," commanded Brenner.
'I ve got you with the goods. Kent
saw you hand up the proposition."
"Kent saw me," gasped Novak, as his
eye swept over to where the blind al
derman sat. Brenner followed his gaze
and then he, too, saw tho point. "I
guess there'll be no more debate on
that nuisance ordinance," he said, and
he sunk back into his seat and joined
heartily in tho laughter that followed
Hotv flnld Wn.H Found in Australia.
he discovery of tho Australian gold
fields was in some instances not alto
gether without romance, notwith
standing their prosaic surroundings,
perhaps in no case more so than in
that of West Pi Ibarra, of which I may
quote the story as commonly told. It
appears that a discerning youth of
tender years picked up a stone to
throw at.a cow (some say a crow),
and noticing that it contained gold,
reported the fact to the "warden."
This gentleman was so excited at the
news that he flashed the intelligence
by wire to tho then governor of the
colony, informing him that a lad had
picked up a stone, to throw at a crow
forgetting to add that he had seen
gold in it! The governor, much sur
prised, but moved by curiosity, Wired
back: "Yes and what happened to
the crow? (or cow). This elicited ex
planations which led to the proclama
tion of the district as a gold field, and
in consequence of the rush that fol
lowed in the same year (1SSS) 3,433
ounces of gold were obtained, valued
at £13,273, early attention being
drawn to the district by the discovery
of several large nuggets, one of which
weighed 1-10 ounccs.—A. G. Charie'.on,
in Engineering Magazine.
Coverings for limes Ii«il3.:
Simp of .the newest coverings:
brass beds arc- made of heav/' white
linen, with lace hemstitched edge,
while in the cento. fs the owner's
monogram, embroidered in rose or
white flax threads. More simple cov
erings for a young girl's bed can be
made of some of the many graceful
designs of cretonne. A most appropri
ate one is made from a design which
has bunches of poppies scattered over
a white ground. Bright red, pink or
yellow colorings upon the white
ground often give the needed touch of
warmth in an otherwise cold room. If
the daffodil yellow i- chosen, it will
be found to be more often satisfac
tory in combination with the other
furnishings of a room than either red
or pink, while the warm note is pro
duced with equally satisfactory re
sults.
Facta About Norwegian Army.
According to late reports the Norwe
gian army is now on an excellent foot
ing. Under the regulations all able
bodied men, except members of the
clergy and pilots, are liablo to service.
There is a regular line army of about
26,000 men, which, according to law,
can be employed abroad. There is a
militia army of more than 25,000 men,
called the landvern, who have already
served in the line, and a second branch
of the militia called the landstrum.also
of 25,000 men, who have served pre
viously in the line and ir. the landvern.
Then there is a coast artillery force
of 4.500 men, making a total of 80,000
men to defend the nation.
foal in Andro Island.
In the '30s a fisherman discovered
the presence of coal in the island of
Andro, Nordland.but the discovery was
treated with indifference, and only a
few years ago capitalists undertook to
investigate the coal fields in a thorough
and systematic manner. The result of
this examination, which was recently
concluded, is very encouraging, as it is
understood that the coal is of the very
best description and that the supply Is
almost inexhaustible.—Stockholm Let
ter.
Says Farmers Are Starring.'
Russian farmers in McHenry coun
ty, North Dakota, are starving,
cording to the Rev. John H. Mead
..
wd
%-V
**r
of
Fargo, who has been in Tacoma. He
says: "It is the intention
of
the
Red
Cross society to ask help from other
northwestern states, for it
will be
necessary to keep about 150
families
until their crops give
aa
indication
of a good yield next summer. At
pres­
ent they cannot gel credit at
stores."
the
Experiment In Reflection*
A curious experiment is doscribed in
Popular Science. Hold a teaspoon over
a candle until it is blackened with
soot, and then plunge it into water,
when It will at once appear to becoma
coated with polished silver.
IULER ON SNOWSHOES.
DWShjc
l'he Plan by Which Mall Was Carried
Through IJlsr Snowdrifts.
It is said tlu.t the late Jock Darling,
the most noted n,inter and trapper
ever known in Maine, once brought a.
young dec-, out of the deep snows oC
the woods by fitting snowshoes to Its
feet, and thei have been instances ot
dogs wcanng the moosehide, but not
until a recent day, so far as the rec
ords show, din any one in this New
England state ever sec a mule on
snowshoes. The snow that came last
week was only an ordinary fall, but
the gale ihat succeeded it piled up big
drifts, shutting out many towns from
all communication with the outside
world. Bingham, in Somerset county,
had been without mail for a week
when oue evening, the mail carrier,
Henry Caswell, arrived from Tie
Forks with four sacks slung over a
mule's back. The mule, Pete, is a
diminutive animal, tough and strong,
but, going as mules generally go, ut
terly unable to wade through the high
ridges of snow between The Forks
and Bingham. So Caswell, after study
ing the situation a bit, decidcd to fit
snowshoes to Pete. The plan worked
all right and tho little mule, seeming
to appreciate the situation, allowed
the shoes to be fitted without objec
tion. The shoes were made of oak
frames, woven with stout moosehide.
about half the width worn by men and
without the usual long shank behind
Pete came along on his shoes as well
as Caswell on his, and the two wero
welcomed with shouts of approval by
the people of Bingham. The return
journey, twenty-lour miles, was made
in the same way.
TESTING OF DIAMONDS.
How to Show Wlielliui- Supposed Pro
clous SI ones Aro Genuine.
Although you may not be an expert
at precious stones, there are three
ways in which you can tell whet.h',:"
a diamond is real or not.
First boil the stone in bo. »,.'•
to preserve the polish upon t!
of the stone. Then heat tin
a gas flame and drop it into
water while it is hot. If it
diamond it will stand the tes
cracking to pieces. If an imitation, 1b .
stone will crack and crumble to.
The second method is as followi: Tak
a cup of water—-a blaclc/cb-i rutt
pcrcha, or any dark stone cu •.« .m
—and drop two stones into th.* *iu. r,
the one a- diamond and the tli'\r.
which is known to be ordina i»s
tal. The diamond, if a true one, wilL
shine a clear white through tho wafpr
and will be clearly visible, while the
other stone will blend with the water
in such a way as to be almost imper
ceptible in the water. Another plan
is to procure a surface of striped pa
per—red and white stripes are the most
suitable—and pass the suspected stone
slowly over its surface. If the colors
show through the stone it is some va
riety of crystal and not diamond. A
real diamond will not show the vari
ety of colors, but will look the same
over the red n= well as the white
stripes.—London Express,
ftoenda.
ac­
The yearly expends v- w*- ol
Turkey have been estimated at no less
a sum than $30,00i ,u0o. ol this $7,
500,000 alone is spent on the clothing
of the women and $400,000 on the sul
tan's own wardrobe. Nearly $7,500,000
is swallowed up by presents, $5,000,000
goes for pocket money, and still an
other $5,000,000 for the table. It seems
incredible that so much money can
possibly be spent in a year by one man
but when it is remembered that some
fifteen hundred people live within the
palace walls, live luxuriously and
dress expensively at the cost of the
civil list, it appears a little more com
prehensible.
Fifteen Servants to a Family*
The servant question does not exist
for the women of Japan. A well-to-do
family has generally fifteen servants.
Wages are low. A nurse commands $1
a month the pay of a cook averages
from $1.50 to $2 per month, with board
and clothing. In households where
the European mode of living has not
been adopted, the hours of meals aro
generally breakfast, consisting of rice,
dried fish and vegetables, at 7 or 8 in
the morning, a meat luncheon (beef
or poultry) at 12 and supper in the
evening from 0 to S. The national bev
erage is wine. Dinner is served on
small lacquer trays.
Offended by Keeping a Key.
The court of Lausanne recently ren
dered a very important decision, which
is thought to strike at personal liber
ty. An Italian woman rented a room
in that city. A few months later she
departed, leaving behind her a Wox
containing wearing apparel. Intending
to return for her property she took
the key of the room with her. A short
time afterward she removed her trunk,
but forgot to return the key of tho
room to the landlady. For this "of
fense" she was sentenced to seven
days' imprisonment. The newspapers
are up in arms against this judgment.
Philip Jamin, in Chicago Record.
Poser for Sir Walter.
Sir Walter Besant thinks editors'
should review only two novels each
week. Can anyone pretend, asks Sir
Walter, that there are more than ono
hundred novels every year which are
worthy of serious treatment? Thera
are some thousand new novels pub
lished every year. How is the busy
editor to discern which are the hun
dred that deserve to be reviewed
And if he goes slavishly for the well
known names the editor would aban
don the most essential part of his
duty—the discovery of new merit.—
Literature.
*4
The
water
surrounding the light-absorbing
of soot has become transformed
mirror.
layer
Into
Little Harty, wnlle playing, acci
dentally cut his finger. Seeing It
bleeding, he called out: "Hurry and
stop up my flncer, mamma it's leak
ing."
5*
I
-i
n"9!
It Laid Me hos*. Ss&k
During a confirmation tour in tho
diocese of Peterborough the late bish
op of London put up one evening at
an old manor house, and slept in a
large room supposed to be haunted
Next morning at breakfast the bishi
was ask^d whether he had seen tl
ghost. "Tes he replied, with grea1
solemnity, "but I have laid the spirit..
It •will, never trouble you again." Be
ing further questioned upon the sub
ject (the bishop said: -"l'he ghost im
mediately vanished when |,ifisked tor
a subscription toward the rester
of/Peterabotough
I
:"Ut:
ir
Hi..
without.
-mi

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