Newspaper Page Text
Mrs. Mary Bullard who has been
spending a few days with her friend,
Mrs. Marion. Fuller returned home
Mr. McCabe and B. F. Manley .were
state fair visitors last week.
Miss Lenore Price visited with her
friend, Miss Golda Fry Tuesday af
Mr. and Mrs. Newt McJimpsey left
Wednesday morning for Illinois to
be present at the funeral of Mrs. Mc
Miss Inez Skidmore spent Tuesday
afternoon with Mrs. Anna Fierce and
daughter, Mrs. Bertha Murphy.
Mr. and Mrs. Lew Gardner of Leon
visited last week with their grand
daughter, Miss Inez Skidmore.
Mrs. Mary Bullard spent Thursday
with her granddaughter, Mrs. Price
Miss Pearl West and sistor Miss
Flossie were in our town last Thurs
day transacting business.
Mrs. McBee and daughter Alma
were guests at the home of John Bur
nett and sisters Wednesday.
Mr. and Mrs. Eb Fierce and chil
Iron drove to Osceola in their car
Thursday to attend the homecoming
Mrs. C. J. Price who has been vis
Iting with her daughter, Mrs. Ralph
(Thompson and family of Fairview
returned home Friday morning.
Leo Price was a visitor at the
capital city last week.
Mrs. C. A. Walker visited with
Irs. Ralph Thompson of Fairview
Miss Lenore Price spent last Thurs
day in the country with Mrs. John
Shriver and family.
Mrs. Chester Everett and son Cur
|tis, who have been visiting with Mrs.
Sverett's parents, Mr. and .Mrs. A. B.
Tierce left for their home in Chariton
Mr. and Mrs. Oscar Boatman and
daughter Miss Hattie visited with
fheir daughter, Mrs. Frank Mote
and husband Thursday.
Ben Easter of Mt. Ayr came last
..veek for a few days visit with his
Friends and relatives in town.
Miss Pearl West of near DeKalb
risited a few days last week with
Irs. Sarah Smith.
Mrs. Anna Fierce and daughter,
»Irs Bertha Murphy attended the re
union at Osceola Thursday.
Cliff Smith who has been visiting
.iritlThis sister, of Centerville, return
ed home Friday.
Miss Louise Sconce of Mt. Ayr
passed through our city Tuesday en
foute to Weldon for ja. visit with her
bister, Miss Proda, who teaches music
Mrs. A. B. Wilson and daughter
V.derine spent Friday afternoon with
Mrs. Anna Fierce and daughter Mrs.
Mrs. Forest Saylor came last week
for a short visit with her mother,
Irs. Jack Thompson.
Miss Lenore Price spent Friday af
Itornoon with her sister, Mrs. Ralph
Thompson and family of Fairview.
W. F. Briner is riding around in a
aew Case auto.
Frank Livingston who has been
visiting in Dakota for the past month
returned to C. J. Price's Saturday af
fcernoon where he will make his home
for the coming year and attend the
C. A. Hawks has sold out his prop
erty in town to E. Owens and he
contemplates moving to Missouri.
Mr. and Mrs. Harry Fisher who
dave been visiting with friends and
relatives in Oklahoma returned to
Itheir home last week.
Subject for Endeavor Sept. 12 is
.'Friendships That Are Worth Form
ing Making Them, Keeping Them,
liss Mertie Edwards will be leader.
Mr. and Mrs. J. Traupel were Sun
day guests at the home of John Bur
nett and sisters.
The C. W. B. M. met at the home
pf Mrs. Phoebe Mote Saturday after
noon An interesting and varied pro
cram was given. Saturday was the
annual election of officers and the
Following were elected: Mrs. A. B.
Cornell, president Mr®- Flora Price,
rice president Mrs. Mary Spencer,
lecretary Mrs. I. M. Fry, treasurer.
The next meeting will be held at the
home of Mrs. I. M. Fry with Mrs.
Fannie Easter, leader.
Miss Baalis Halstead spent Sunday
,,vith her friend, Miss Mirma Peter
bon at the B. F. Manley home,
George Johnson and daughter Cal
iie of Nerwalk came last week for a
Visit with old Van Wert friends.
I Miss Lucille Fierce spent Sunday
|n town with her friend, Miss Ethel
Mrs. I. N. Skidmore who has been
visiting with her parents in Califor
nia returned home last week.
School commenced Monday morn
ing with an enrollment of 108. pupils
all ready for nine months of hard
work. The domestic science class is
tery anxious to begin its work with
til of the new cooking utensils that
£ave been provided for ®s use. The
instructors are J. E. Prather, super
intendent Miss Nye, assistant Miss
Lrfuva Hanner, grammar room Miss
Saalis Halstead, Intermediate room
(iss Mertie Bdwards, primary.
Robert Powers one of the students
Lt Drake and Miss Golda Fty were
Sunday guests at the lionae of Mr.
and Mrs. O. J. Price.
Miss Minnie Hand of Leon came
Last week for a visit with friends and
I Mr. and Mrs. Holgar Rasmussen
kpent Sunday at the home of Mr. Ras
aussen's parents west of town.
Mr and Mrs. Mollie Thompson
vere visiting with friends in the
vest part of town Sunday.
Miss Lenore Price is spending the
reek with her sister, Mrs. Ralph
Thompson, and family of Fairview.
Mr and Mrs. E. M. Hampton who
have been visiting friends and tela
ses in Illinois returned to their
A STMMM rUH.Y RUBY
For over forty years it
has been usetf as A TONIC
AND STOMACH REM
EDY. Peruria aids*the ap
petite atrd gives new life to
Miss Margaret Warren was a Sun
day visitor in town.
Harold Jones of Kansas City, Mo.,
is hero visiting with his grandpar
ents, Mr. and Mrs. A. J. Edwards on
a return trip from Niagara Falls and
Mrs. Irving Brenneman who is here
visiting with her parents, Mr. and
Mrs. A. J. Edwards is very ill at this
Fay Eaton was an over Sunday
visitor at the fair at Des Moines.
Fred Jay was a visitor at Osceola
Miss Velma McJimpsey is making
her home with Mrs. Sarah Smith and
attending school here.
Mrs. Frank Cronin spent a few
days last week with her father, Will
Machlan near Weldon, who is quite
John Konklin is the owner of a
new Ford auto.
Mr. and Mrs. Gammon of near
Leon spent one day last week with
the latter's sister, Mrs. Mose Traupel.
The Epworth League social was
well attended at the M. E. church
last Wednesday evening. They clear
ed *16.30, paying $15 on the pastor's
Mesdames W. W. Warrington,
John Hammil, Ralph Glendening,
Ross Fulton, Frank Cronin, Miss Ber
tha Morris entertained the Ladies'
Aid 'mursday at the home of Mrs.
W. W. Warrington. Ice cream and
light and dark cake and ice tea were
served. About forty ladies were
Mr. and Mrs. Lew Chase and
daughter Fanny and Mr. and Mrs.
Ralph Chase left Sunday for Califor
nia to take in the exposition and oth
er sights in the west.
Mr. and Mrs. C. P. Brant motored
to Derby Sunday and spent the day
at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Dave
McMains. They were accompanied
from Humeston by Mr. and Mrs. A.
F. E. Warrington and family re
turned Sunday from Des Moines,
where they had spent the past week
at the fair and visiting relatives.
Mose Traupel and family spent
Sunday with J. C. Traupel's.
Mr. and Mrs. Will Sutton and
daughter and son of Leroy and Mr.
and Mrs. Hobart Baker spent Sunday
with Mrs. Sutton's brother, Newton
Misses Grace, Harriett and Mary
Beavers moved to Leon last week
where they will teach the coming
Mrs. Mary Johnson returned to
Leon Sunday after spending the sum
mer with her daughter, Mrs. Ross
Fulton, being accompanied by Miss
Ora Konklin who will stay with her
while teaching in the Leon High
Long Creek No. 1.
Mrs. Harry Foland and daughter
Beulah and Homer Foland spent
Thursday at the Bert Kcntner home.
Mr. and Mrs. Fred Tuller and sons
went to Des Moines Saturday 4o at
tend the fair.
Rush Miller of Decatur came
Thursday for a visit with his sister,
Mrs. Bert Kentner.
Frank Miller sr. and sister, Mrs.
Lucy Wells and Ethyl and Helen
Beers spent Friday evening at the
Harry Foland home and also called
at the George Grimm home.
This vicinity was well represented
at Leon Tuesday to see the big qfrcus
but it proved to be a fake from start
Jink Wells, Mrs. Drue Kelley and
Mr. and Mrs. Wells and daughter
went to Oklahoma on business going
in the latter's car.
Mrs. Dick Pray and daughters
Rosa and Alpha spent Thursday with
Mrs. Chas. South.
Miss Fanny Fry is staying at the
George South home.
Master Robert Miller returned to
his home west of Decatur Tuesday
evening after a two weeks visit with
his sister, Mrs. Bert Kentner.
Miss Ethyl Beers spent Friday and
Saturday at the Jink Wells home.
Frank Beers who has been sick for
several weeks is still very low. His
many friends hope for a speedy re
Frank Miller jr. spent Saturday
night at the James Miller home.
Mrs. Jink Wells and Miss Ruth
Wilson were Decatur callers last
Jack Young had the misfortune to
lose two valuable horses last week.
Miss Edith Fesler was a Grand
River caller the latter part of the
week, returning home Sunday.
Willie Blunt attended church at
Pleasant Valley Sunday.
Mrs. Clyde Waller and children
spent Friday with her parents, Mr.
and Mrs. J. N. Still.
Mrs. Pat Mahoney spent Sunday
and Monday with Mrs. Mike Griffln.
Mrs. Otto Roland and children are
visiting this week with her mother,
Mrs. Jane Lillie.
Mrs. John Garner and son Glenn
spent Saturday and Sunday at Roy
Garner's near Weldon.
Several from this vicinity attend
ed church at Woodland Sunday night.
Willie Hubbard was a Leon caller
School began at Brush College
Monday with Miss Hazel Moore as
David Hubbard was a Pleasanton
Glass Finch spent one night last
week with Ben Lillie.
A. J. Woolsey called at David Hub
bard's one day last week.
Tom Davis of Davis City visited
Saturday night at David Hubbard's.
Mike Griffin and family were Leon
Mrs. Rolla Craig and son Claudie
spent Saturday with Mrs. Nell Still.
Quite a number of friends and rela
tives gathered at John Hubbard's
Sunday with well filled baskets to
help celebrate his 26th birthday. The
day was well spent and every one
left at a late hour an# wished him
many more such happy birthdays.
Mrs. Jim Still and children spent
one day last week with Mrs. Nell
The thread of a silkworm is one
thousandth bf an incli in diameter.
Threshing is the order of the day
in this vicinity.
Gladys Hoadley and Forest Wise
started to High School at Van Wert
Mr. and Mrs. L. C. Thompson and
Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Downey and
daughter Eddis visited Sunday with
Mr. and Mrs. Wilson Fierce and
Miss Gracc Wise assisted her sis
ter-in-law, Mrs. Earl Wise of near
Decatur City cook for threshers last
Mr. and Mrs. L. E. Reed called on
Mr. and Mrs. L. E. O'hair of Van
Wert Sunday afternoon.
Mr. and Mrs. R. D. Hoadley and
family visited Sunday with Mrs. An
na tierce of Van Wert.
Mr. and Mrs. Wilson Fierce of
Van Wert visited a few days last
week with their daughters Mrs. L. C.
Thompson and Mrs. J. W. Downey
Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Richey were
calling at the George Smith home
Frank Wise has the whooping
Mr. and Mrs. L. C. Thompson had
business in Leon Monday.
Mr. and Mrs. Richey returned
from Des Moines Friday morning
whore they had been attending the
state fair for a few days.
Miss Reed of near Tingley visited a
few days last week with her brother,
Loren and family.
Mrs. Harry Tuttle and son Will of
Van Wert visited Wednesday with
her sister, Mrs. L. C. Thompson.
Mrs. Elmer Hampton of Van Wert,
visited Monday with Mrs. Hal Over
Glenn Stargill went to Centerville
Monday to visit a few days with
Mr. and Mrs. L. E. O'hair visited
Friday and Saturday with her par
ents, Mr. and Mrs. L. C. Thompson.
Mrs. M. R. Sanger called on Mrs.
Stargill and daughter, Mrs. Lingell,
Mr. and Mrs. Hal Overton and son
Clair visited Sunday with Mr. and
Mrs. R. S. Lamoree of Van Wert,
Miss Florence Green who has been
visiting with friends and relatives
near Van Wert the past week return
ed home Wednesday evening.
Elba Kelley and Willard Green
spent Wednesday evening with Mar
Miss Bess Armstrong was shopping
in Leon Thursday.
Mrs. R. B. Greenhalgh and moth
er, Mrs. Snare called at the Ed
Beers home Wednesday afternoon.
Miss Pearl Miller assisted Miss
Bess Armstrong cook for threshers
Mrs. Emma Clough and neices
Bess and Ophie Armstrong spent
Thursday evening at the Cave home.
Walter Dobson was a Decatur call
er Wednesday evening.
Marion Green spent Sunday after
noon with Elba and Ralph Kelley.
Miss Florence Green visited Sun
day afternoon with Miss Dolly Palm
Pleasant Hill school began Mon
day, Sept. 6th with Miss Agnes Shell
Miss Ruth Miller called on Miss
Ina Greenhalgh Thursday.
Mrs. Perry Green and son Willard.
of Lamoni who have been spending
the past week at the Guy Kelley
home returned home Saturday night.
Clyde Hembrey and sister Bernice
stayed a couple of nights with Mrs.
A. Millsap last week.
Willard Green spent Thursday
night at the home of his uncle, Geo.
Green and family.
A. Millsap attended the fair at Des
Moines a few days last week.
Lawrence Kelley spent Sunday
with his cousin Clarence Green.
Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Miller visited
Sunday after Sunday school with Mr.
and Mrs. R. B. Greenhalgh.
Mr. and Mrs. Floyd Shelton visit
ed Sunday with Mrs. Minnie Erts
Tom Salsbury and Ad Rhamy who
are assisting with a deep well out
fit at Grant City, Mo., for the rail
road company spent Sunday at home.
The Corn Picnic will be held at the
park northwest of town as usual on
Sept. 25th, Saturday. The people of
the county are invited to attend.
Miss Buckingham »f Indianola who
has been here visiting with her aunt,
Mrs. Ridgeway, returned home Mon
John Brazelton who haa been
looking after business interests in
Colorado the past few weeks return
Thos. Haines fvas a passenger for
the county seat Monday.
Sam Spence and son Will went to
Leon Monday to meet a sister of Mrs.
Spence who came to visit her.
Miss Pearl Smith who has been
visiting at home the past Bummer re
turned to her position as linotype op
erator at Spencer, Iowa, recently.
Mr. and Mrs. Worth Hine who
have been here the past year return
ed to Omaha Monday where they will
make their home.
Mr. and Mrs. Lew Chase and Mr.
and Mrs. Ralph Chase left the first
of tho treek to attend the expositions
in California and visit other points
in tho west.
Mr. and Mrs. A. E. Northrup went
to Ottumwa the first ofx the week to
visit with friends.
Mr. and Mrs. Harvey Northrup
went to Lone Tree the latter part of
tho week to visit at the home of the
Mrs. Lottie Wells returned from a
visit with her sister, Mrs. Walter
Adams in Des Moines last week.
Mrs. Gibson, of Bozeman, Mon
tana, who has been visiting at the
Lew Lillard hame went to Kansas
City the latter part of the week.
For Infants and Children
In Use For Ovtr 30 Years
Mr. and Mrs. George Pugh visited
Sunday afternoon at John Rumley's.
Mr. and Mrs. Will Mapes and fam
ily visited Sunday afternoon at Har
Mrs. Will Bright visited Monday
at the home of her daughter, Hazel
Miss Mary Imhoff visited the first
of the week at the home of her
grandparents, George Smith's of Van
Mrs. A1 Vanpelt and daughter
Pearl returned Wednesday from a
two weeks visit at Knoxville and Des
Miss Edna Bright spent Friday and
Saturday at the home of R. B. Bright.
Quite a few from this vicinity at
tended the show in Leon Monday
Payton Hull was a Leon caller
Jim Campbell was calling at Will
Mr. and Mrs. Guy Smith and fam
ily visited at the Imhoff home Sun
Mrs. Mattie Imhoff and daughter
Helen were Leon callers Monday.
Lawrence Freestone is on the sick
Union No. 1.
C. R. Gordon of Osceola spent Sat
urday night and Sunday at the M. E.
C. A. Brown and daughter Tempel
were seen in this locality Sunday ev
Walter Oiler, wife and son Ray
mond spent Sunday with the latter's
parents, John DeVries and family.
Dolphus Canady called on his
friend, Merle Jones Sunday.
Mrs. Steckler of Chicago is visit
ing her daughter, Mrs. Richard
Misses Nora and Hazel Colter of
Decatur spent a few days last week
with their brother, Ernest Jones and
Mrs.. Chas. Piercy and daughter,
Inez called on Mrs. Oliver McGahuey
one day last week.
C. R. Piercy and family spent Sun
day with Ben Brown and family.
Misses Ada DeVries, Mary Jones,
and Inez Piercy went to Lamoni Sun
day evening where' they will enter
Mrs. Will Rhoades assisted Mrs.
Roy Brown in cooking for threshers
D6 Not Grips
We have a pleasant laxative that will
do Just ^hat you van* it to do. -fp
We sell thousands off them and we
have never seen abetter remedy for the
boweb. Sold only by as, 10 ceatfc
THE LEON REPORTEfc, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 1915. 11
Clell Collier, Auctioneer.
E. 0. Stearns, Clerk.
Lunch by Fairview Ladies
Mr. and Mrs. Joe Baker spent Sat
urday and Sunday at Steve Akes'.
L. E. Cummins spent Sunday at
the home of Mr. and Mrs. Harry
Ralph Case and son Lester, Roy
and Willard Bright were Sunday
morning callers at Jim Hull's.
Misses Cora and Zora Cummins
spent Friday and Saturday at the
home of their brother, L. E. Cum
Miss Fern Melvin went to Ellston
Friday to visit friends and relatives.
Mrs. Mattie Imhoff and daughter
Helen spent Saturday at the home of
her mother, Mrs. George Smith.
Fred Woodard was calling at the
Jim Hull home Sunday.
John and Orville Cummins visited
Sunday with their friends, Marvin
and Harley Eivins.
Leonard Perdue is working at the
home of Pearl Eivins.
Amzy Hull spent Thursday night
with Willard Bright.
We will sell at Public sale 2 miles east and three-fourths mile north of Van
Wert, 2 miles west and one and one-fourth mile3 south of Weldon, on the In
Wednesday, September 15
Commencing at 10 o'Clock a. m., the following described property, to-wit:
16 Head of Horses 16
54 Head of Cattle 54 Consisting of 22 head of two-year-old steers
balance cows and yearlings.
85 Head of Hogs 85 Eleven brood sows, and balance brood sows with
shoats one two-year-old Poland China male hog, large type—papers with him.
Farm Implements, Including John Deere manure spreader, harness, etc.
For terms see bills.
Burr Oak Ridge.
Mr. and Mrs. W. A. Johnson enter
tained about 40 of their friends to
an ice cream supper Saturday night.
The evening was spent in games and
the young people certainly had an
enjoyable time, departing at a late
hour and each one voted Mr. and
Mrs. Johnson as royal entertainers.
School commenced at East Eden
Monday with an attendance of 36
scholars and Miss Gertie Ewin as
teacher. Miss Etta Lewis is teaching
Scratch Eye beginning Monday with
an attendance of 17 scholars.
Ed Turner and wife and son and
Mrs. McCalla of Davis City and Mrs.
Lon Adams of Grand River returned
from Clio Sunday where they had
been visiting at' the John McCalla
home. Mrs. Adams stopped off for
a few days visit with her sister, Mrs.
Mr. Lyons, wife and son and wife
of Weldon drove over and spent Sun
day with Mrs. Barry and sons, Mrs.
Barry and Mrsv Lyons being sisters.
Miss Florence Barry, matron at the
county home spent Sunday with home
Chas.. Chastain and family were
Sunday visitors at the Hampton
George Chastain came down from
Delray Saturday, having spent the
summer at Georgo Hoffman's. He
will be a Senior in the Leon High
School this year.
Marie Horney, Earl Meek, Dillon
Frost and Page McKinley are also
attending tho Leon schools. We be
lieve East Eden has the honor of
furnishing the most teachers and also
the most eighth grade pupils of any
school in the county.
Mrs. Adams and Mrs. Chastain
spent a very pleasant afternoon with
Mrs. Barry Monday.
The ball game between Brush Col
lege and Scratch Eye was very in
teresting, the score being 26 to 9 in
favor of Sratch Eye.
There were a couple of boys who
got lost on Burr Oak Ridge Sunday
evening wandering around until a
late hour. They were found in their
beds Monday morning sleeping
Mrs. McKinley and Mrs. Barlean
assisted Mrs. Wait Monday cook for
Mrs. Susie Wagner of Van Wert,
visited Saturday with Mrs. Ellen
Loren Woods returned to Osceola
Mrs. Glen McBroom returned from
a visit with her mother in Osceola
Monday of last week.
O. M. Jordan and family left for
their new home in Ames the past
Loren Woods returned to Osceola
Mertin Burbank of Oxford, is vis
iting with his brother, Dr. Burbank
Oliver Rex*and family of near Gar
den Grove were Sunday guests at the
T. O. Umphress home.
Mrs. Geo. Wylie of Derby visited
with relative, and friends here a few
days last wtek.
Mary Vandenburg returned home
from Leon Saturday.
Mr. and Mrs. Will Tener, Hulda
Ivy, Dan Baker, Leo Heaton and sev
eral others attended the state fair
at Des Moines the past week.
Mrs. Alda Roe and children visit
ed with relatives in Truro the past
Mrs. Fletcher Bevard returned
Saturday from a visit with her
daughter and family in Corydon.
Mr. and Mrs. Bird Krouch and lit
tle son of near Leon visited over Sun
day with her parents, Wm. StubbTs
Several frcm here attended the
meeting at the court house Saturday.
Frank Dingman was here Sunday
Bid Frost was down last week sup
erintending the bridge work that is
being done near Blockley.
C. E. Leahy and wife and Mose
Smart spent Friday evening at the
Harve Piper is doing some grad
ing on the railroad, north of Leon
for B. A. Briggaman.
Mrs. Pat Guinan and children and
Miss Lizzie Bibby departed Thursday
for their home at Petersburg, 111.,
after a mouth's visit at the Leahy
Harve McDaniels of near Terre
Haute was calling on his many
friends here last week, and gave ye
correspondent a call.
Fletcher Honn and son Bill were
hauling hay last week from the Gard
D. P. Leahy is up and around
again after a week's illness.
Mrs. W. M. Stephens and family
of Tarkio, Mo., are spending a few
days at the Jones home. Mrs. Steph
ens will be remembered as Miss Ida
A. J. Piper and wife spent Sunday
at J. A. Marvin's.
C. E. Leahy and son and W. M.
Barlean spent Sunday over on Eden
Elva Baker who has been thresh
ing north of Leon spent Sunday night
with home folks.
Elba Grimm called on Dewey Hat
Mrs. Geo. Grimm and children
called on Mrs. Jim Grimm Thursday.
Ed Carrier and family and W. C.
Collins and wife were riding around
John Collins and wife were in our
Simon Hileman was in these parts
Mrs. Grant Hatfield and children
called on Mrs. Oscar West Friday af
Ben Singleton was in our neighbor
Blake and Everett Grimm called
at Hatfield's Tuesday.
i.irs. Gussie Lee called on Mrs.
Frank Ramsey Sunday.
Mrs. Grant Hatfield and son Dewey
called at the Luce home Monday.
Miss Genevieve Fogleman was in
our neighborhood Saturday.
Mrs. Roy Hawkins and baby are
enjoying a visit in Des Moines this
Those who spent Sunday at the
Ben Collins home were Grant Hat
field and family and Loren Brann.
Those who spent Sunday afternoon
with Pearl and Dewey Hatfield were
Fred Irving and family, Cliff Gillette
and family, Mr. and Mrs. John Haw
kins and son Roy and Simon Hile
man and Harley Lee.
Lena Irving took dinne* with Mrs.
A Clogged System Needs Attention.
Are you bilious, dizzy and listless?
Dr. King's New Life Pills taken at
once seizes upon constipation and
starts the bowels moving naturally
and easily. Moreover it acts without
griping. Neglect of a clogged ewstfem
often leads to a most serious compli
cation. If you wish to wake up to
morrow morning happy in mind and
entirely satisfied, start your treat
ment tonight. 25c a bottle. 1
If you hare any ot oar ice cream
packers at your home please tele
phone us and we will c*ll uj