Newspaper Page Text
ie Telegraph service of The
[laily Ghitc Gity and Constitu
-Democrat is received over
fur own leased wire. .•
VOL. 122. NO. 83.
fench Official Report Says That Sussex Was
Torpedoed by a German Submarine
and Not Mine Victim.
1ST PROMISE HUS BEEN ACCEPTED
has Been Said That Germany Will Declare
War on United States if Diplomatic
Relations are Broken.
I Robert J. Bender, United Press
JiHTNGTON, lA,pril «.—Another
developments lias increased the
Ibility of a rupture with Germany,
lipt of the French official report
he Sussex disaster, announcing
Jjelief that the channel packet was
Ibmarine victim, and citing the
fcnce on which the belief is based,
Krmed the fear of Washington of
Bs that a diplomatic break may he
Ie report of the French admiralty
pt accepted as conclusive, but]
_.la little expectation that affldar
Ibtained by the United States rep
Itatives abroad will differ in any
|rtant degree from those on which
tench conclusions are drawn,
ect evidence, in the form of a
on pieces of metal found in
Teckage of the Sussex is now in
etary Lansing's hands. He has
livulged as yet whether these ex
have been proved by experts
fragments of a German torpedo,
llleged by the French, admiralty
!ficials in "Washington in close
with the course of international
Eons today could see probably
ling events only in the following
Emission by Germany that one of
submarines was responsible for
[Sussex attack or proof of that'
by the United States' investiga-
pfusal by the United States gov
fient to accept any further prom
regarding German submarine
comprehensive statement byj
Von Bernstorff and Ambassador
ard to be called home. Evidence
ond this pointv to depend on Ger
Ify. It is known that the adminis
lion has never received any of
ll intimation either in this coun
jor in Germany that breaking off
lomatic relations would mean war.
pre have been indirect intimations
1 high German sources, It is said,
no German authority has con
the declaration to the presi-
ppropriation Bill is Biggest
[in History of the Country,
WASHINGTON, April 6.—The big
appropriation bill for coast de
Mes and fortifications in the his
of the country was introduced
Pay by Representative Sherley of
atucky, chairman of the house
nmittee on fortification. It carries
Jual appropriations to the amount
121,997.050 for fortifications, sub
Irine mines, field artillery and am
Initions and in addition authorizes
fitracts aggregating $12,300,000.
direct appropriations are ap
Fximately $16,000,000 larger than
laving adopted generally the pro
of the war department board
review, which recently studied
Mt defenses, for an ultimate expen
^re of $96,000,000, the committee
included in this year's bill the
[lowing chief items:
construction of six 16-inch guns,
of which are to be located at
Beach In defense of the
dent, either through Secretary Lan
sing or any other person.
During the heat of' the armed mer
chantman controversy In congress, it
was said the president had such di
rect information. Today it became
known he was in possession of defin
ite intimations, but they were all
through Indirect channels.
Parts of a Torpedo.
WASHINGTON, D. C., April 6.—The
American embassy attaches who were
appointed to examine the pieces of
metal found on the channel packet!
Sussex, have reported their investiga-'
tlon shows the pieces were parts of a
German torpedo. The findings of the
attaches were based on a comparison
of the metal pieces with the structure
of captured German torpedoes In!
The report of the American invest!
gators to the state department -is the!
first positive Information this govern-
The report made today is said to be •.
a preliminary one.
Shortly after the report of the.
American attaches became known,!
(Secretary Lansing1 asked for an ap-1
pointment with President Wilson. He
was expected to go to the whits
house some time before noon. It was
expected he would lay the report of
the American officials before the
Elected at Basco.
BAISOO. 111., April 6—At the town
ship election held here Tuesday, the
kident Wilson of the progressive! following were elected: Supervisor,
in the submarine controversy. Fritz J. Rue, democrat:
the attack on the Lusitania toWetzel, democrat
Iattack on the Sussex. This state
It to be made to congress and in
Bed to be read by the world as
prica's position in the matter,
ress not to be asked to take any
assports to be handed Ambassa-
cents per week.
IE DEFENSE OF AMERICA
TAKES BARRELS OF MONEY
•Charles Aneelet. republican high
way commissioner, Henry Young,
republican: town clerk, Glen Krauth,
'republican school trustee, Ed
Malre, democrat constable, Fred Tie
Conservation of Food.
LONDON, April 6.—The Dutch gov
ernment has forbidden the exporta
tion of food stufTs until further
notice, according to delayed dis
patches from The Hague. Ships pre
paring to leave port with food sup
plies have been ordered to discharge
The Gate City, 10
city of New York, and four at Cape
Mounting of seven 12-lnch guns
upon Barbette carriages with high
angle fire, giving a range to the guns
of thirty thousand yards, these guns
LONDON, April 6.—Heavy concen
trations of German troops on the
west bank of the Meuse and the re
sumption of the bombardment of the
Vaux front on the east bank, were
reported in Paris dispatches today.
The Germans are now* stripping
their lines from Soissons eastward
In order to throw fresh forces Into
the battle. Regiments exhausted in
the furious struggles about the cita
del are being withdrawn and sent to
portions of the line where little fight
ing is expected for many weeks.
New regiments which had not par
ticipated In the earlier Verduv' fight
ing were in action against the French
around Vaux early this week. Fol
lowing torrents of shell fire, they
charged the French trenches with
such spirit that the French were
first forced to fall back In Callette
woods, recovering the ground later
by oounter attacks.
Wounded French officers paid trib
ute to the bravery of the Germans in
the attack that drove the French out
of Vaux village.
The Teutons advanced first In mass
formation. Then, raked by firs from
French 75's they broke into si.al'
groups and ran toward the houses of
Vaux with rifle and" machine gun. fire
sweeping the fields. In the hand to
hand fighting In the village streets
both sides suffered further heavy
PARIS, April 6.—German troops
reached the village of Haucourt last
night in a series of violent assaults
on the French front northwest of Ver
dun, the war offioe admitted this after
noon. Heavy German attacks against
the village of Bethlncourt, however,
The German advance was offset by
an Important Frenoh victory in the
Cares wood fighting. The French car
ried the entire wood, taking fifty pris
fBy Ed. L. Keen, United Press Staff
LONDON, April 6.—German troops
have captured the village of Hau
court, nine miles northwest of Ver
dun In resumption of the crown
prince's offensive on a tremendous
ment haB received indicating it was a
German submarine that attacked the
The French have partly,offset this
gain by the recapture of a large part
of Cares woods, southwest of Hau
court. German attempts to crush in
the sides of the French salient by
(Continued on page 2.)
NEJW YORK, April ft.—Colonel
Roosevelt's hat is in the ring and the
Y^el! campaign to land him the republican
nomination for the presidency is about
to be formally launched.
This was the interpretation almost
unanimously put today upon the col-
to be placed at New York. Boston the colonel and Root have
and either Portland, Ore., cr San
anti-air craft guns to be distributed
at the various fortified points.
practically won, preparations were sections would support a candidate
Two forces are back of the bills— I States 'tnust prepare to defend its
one believing that a great sum of rights in every international contro
money can be saved and the other! versy, the colonel insisted that he
that If private manufacturers of does not want war that on the con
tnese articles are encouraged a dang- trary he "abhores an unjust or a
ea-ous Industry whose Interests will be wanton war." But the firm course
for the constant increase of national 1 he advocates, fie said, would avoid
wMwonjff will be tmllt sp. lwar by making the world understand
KEOKUK, IOWA, THURSDAY, APRIL 6, 1916
BERLIN, April 6—Factional dif
ferences In the reichstag apparently
have been swept aside by the vigor
ous statements of Chancellor Von
Bethmann-Hollweg In his most note
worthy address of ttie war. No other
relohstag speech of reoent years has
won such widespread approval. Lead
ers of the socialist and Cath
olio parties applauded the utter
ances of the chancellor un
reservedly In brief speeches at
the conclusion of his address and
men of all parties gave their Indorse
The statement that evoked the
greatest enthusiasm was Bethmann
Holiweg's declaration that Germany
will answer with the sword the
threats of her enemies that they will
crush her. Coupiod with announce
ment that Germany will continue to
conduct an energetic submarine war,
this statement not only conciliated the
Von Tirpltx faction, but Informed the
world at large that Germany Is pre
pared to fight the war to a victorious
finish, regardless of the cost.
The chancellor's reference to the
final disposition of Belgium, drew
some criticism from the conservatives
who insist that Belgium should be an
nexed, but their displeasure was not
expressed in reichstag speeches. On
the other hand, the statement that a
"new" Belgium will be formed, guar
anteed against Anglo-French control,
won the Indorsement particularly of
the socialists and national liberals.
In one oasual quotation from Bis
marck to the effect that the fate of
colonies Is decided on the continent,
the chancellor let it be known that
the restoration of Germany's conquer
ed possessions In Africa will be a
certain step In the negotiations for
BERLIN, April 6.—German troops
I have captured the village of Haucourt,
ten miles northwest of Verdun and a
French point of support east of the
village, the war office announced this
afternoon. The Germans took 542
Northeast of Verdun, French at
tempts to recapture positions taken
by the Germans in Calllette woods,
DID SOME DAMAGE.
BE-RiLIN, April 6.—Zeppelins last
night raided the coast of Englaftd, de
stroying the big iron works, with
blast furnaces and extensive estab
lishments at Wh'rtby, the admiralty
announced this afternoon.
Roosevelt Has Given Permission
to be Nominated for President
that the United States Is prepared to
Fairbanks for President.
INMAjNAPOUS, Ind., April 6.—
Pledged to give unanimous backing
to the candidacy of Charles Warren
onel's statement, before a group" of Fairbanks for president, delegates to
visitors to Oyster Bay, defining Just the republican state convention heard
what kind of a program the Chicago with interest mingled with perturba
convention must adopt if it wants tion today that Colonel Roosevelt
him. It was agreed too. that the col-1 hat is in the ring.
onel has struck out with his campaign Whether mdiana republicans 11
slogan—"America first." extend the olive branch to Roosevelt,
Chief interest centered today on may be determined today In the se
the next word from Oyster Bay. or lection of delegates at largo to the
from the Roosevelt lieutenants. Poli- national convention. Three 'always
tlcians speculated on the possibility republicans are slated for three places
that the colonel will now reconsider in the "big four.' or the f™rth
his refusal t0 enter any primaries and place one former progressive is fight
will permit formal announcement of ing it out with a republican.
Politicians generally saw in the would stampede to Roosevelt at the
news from Oyster Bay convincing first opportunity.
difrerences and that,
Si "Jr* I
made today to move forward several for the nomination who took a decis-, publicsns who hoped to name a temp-
bills for the national manufacture of ive stand on matters of foreign poli-!orary chairman for the national con-
war supplies. Increased federal man- cles. It was these assurances that
ufacture of smokeless powder, increas- led him to declare:
ed battleship building facilities and "Don't nominate me if yon expect
plans for torpedo, shell and every me to pussy foot on any single issue
sort of munitions will be pushed by I have raised."
their advocates for speedy action. Though urging that the United
his candidacy to be made. They candidates are Winfield T. Durbin,«"uncle"Sm" is to be strong!
thought It possible the Roosevelt aJways a republican and former sov-igj^yg^ ,jefen(j
forces may try to land delegations ernor. and E. C. Toner, former pro
from several states as a nucleus gressive, both of Anderson.
around which to rally uninstructed The issue between these two, par
delegates at the Chicago convention, took more of the Roosevelt-anti-Roose-
Colonel Roosevelt's statement was velt aspect following the colonels
everywhere linked with the luncheon statement. Republican workers were
given last week by Robert Bacon, and heard to say in the inner room at
attended by ex-Senator Root and Sen- headquarters that they feared, should
1 '\n At* rAPnid^ T\1*rt.
Progressive receive the honor, he
What Colonel Said.
CHICAGO, April 6.—"How about
Roosevelt?" is the flatfooted question
Before the report of the statemen11 to be hurled into the meeting of The vote was Ford, 56,
was permitted to leak out of Oyster sub-committee of the republican na- i21. Smith
Government Armor Plant. i3?ay, Colonel Roosevelt is said to tional committee here tomorrow, G. apparently in Ford's favor, politicians!
WASHINGTON, April 6.—With the have been assured by friends from O. P. chieftains admitted toaay. I here were speculating today on the eM
fight for a great armor plate plant the west and middle west that those The colonel's announcement from
Oyster Bay has upset plans of the re-j
vention 'nere tomorrow.
Despite the colonel's statement,!
Fred W. ITpham. national committee
man from Illinois, declared today he
did not believe Roosevelt really Is a
"I do think," said Upham, "that
some one satisfactory to the colonel
may be selected and I do think Rloose
velt wiW be consulted."
Chairman Hilles and other mem
bers of the sub-committee are expect
ed in Chicago late this afternoon.
The colonel's statement was made
LONDON, April 6^—The E 4 liner
Zent has been sunk. Part of
The submarine moved slowly off
while the Zent's sailors were strug
gling in the water, making no attempt
to aid them. A steamer finally ap
peared and rescued those members of
the crew who had managed to keep
afloat. Bodies of two men were also
brought into Queenstown.
ONE PERSON KILLED.
LONDON, April 6.—One person was
killed and eight Injured in last night's
Zeppelin raid on England, the fifth of
the present week, the war office an
nounced tWs afternoon.
A single Zeppelin visited the north
east coast. Its approach was report
ed half an hour before It reached the
coast and the raider was warmly wel
comed by coast battene» of anti-air
craft guns. The Zeppelin was so lib
erally bombarded that It turned and
fled within fifteen minutes after reach
ing the coast.
ONE BIRD HIT.
LONDON, April 6-—One of the three
Zeppelins that raided the northeast
counties of England last night, Is re
ported to have been hit.
The war office made this announce
ment in stating that three air ships
(Continued on page 3.)
In reply to a visitor at Sagamore
"If you have any doubts on the
subject, don't nominate me," Roose
"And more than that, do not do it
if you expect me to pussy foot on
any single issue I have raised.
"Don't be for mo unless you are
prepared to say that every citizen of
this country has got to be pro-United
States, first, last and all the time,
and not pro-anything else at all, and
that we stand for eveVy good Ameri
can everywhere, whatever his birth
place or creed and wherever he now
lives and that in return we demand
that he be an American and nothing
else, with no hyphen about him.
"And don't you nominate me unless
you are prepared to take the position
has been landed, but it Is fe some
lives have been lost.
The Zent was built In S and
displaced 3,890 tons. 8h four
decks and is 367 feet lor w':th a
forty-six foot beam. She "Was- owned
and registered at Belfast.
FOUR LIVES LOST.
HAVRE, April 6.—An unnaimed
Norwegian steamer has been sunk in
the channel with the loss of four
lives. Fourteen of the crew were
FORTY-EIGHT LIVES LOST.
LONDON, April 6.—Forty-eight per
sons lost their lives through the
sinking of the British liner Zent by
a submarine, It was announced today.
The Zent was torpedoed and sent to
the bottom without warning.
The captain and ten survivors of
the crew of the Zent were landed at
Queenstown this morning. They all
agreed that the ship was torpedoed
The Zent listed badly and began
sinking Immediately after the torpedo
In an effort to get the boats over
quickly, the crew became excited and
practically every boat capsized.
rights and to de-!
fend every one of his people where
ever these people are, and he can't be!
strong enough unless be prepares in
Henry Ford's Boom.
DETROIT, Mich., April C.—Selec
tion of Henry Ford as the favorite son
of Michigan republicans was generallj I
conceded today. Ijatest figures from
Monday's primary showed the pacifist I
leading Senator Wm. Alden Smith by I
nearly 3,50t) votes, with only eleven
small counties and a number of pre
cincts in several other counties still
With the decision.
the vote. Ford has declared
that he is not a candidate
n^e no use whatever of the
Michigan delegation of thirty to the!
"As far as I am concerned, they
may vote as their consciences dic
tate," Ford said. "They are free to
serve the best interests of the coun
Despite Ford's flat assertion that
under no circumstances would he con
sent to seek office, there continued to
be some apprehension today among
preparedness advocates, who feared
that the automobile king's friends 1
jCnntlnnad on xmucs Zi
[By H. D. Jacobs, United Press Staff
WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY,
(via Aero to Casas Grandes, Mexico
by Radio to Columbus, N. M.) April
6.—The concensus of opinion at Gen
eral Pershing's field headquarters to
day Is that the object of the Ameri
can expedition in Mexico is still far
A long stay In Mexico unless an
unexpected stroke places Villa in the
hands of the United States or the
Carranza troops, is forecasted.
That there aro Villiata bands be
tween the American forces farthest
south and their line of communica
tions to the border is ovident from
the engagement in which Co! W. ('.
Brown's Tenth cavalry squadron rout
ed the bandits at OJo Cal'.entos Sat
urday, the Vllli3tas loimg upwards
of thirty killed.
Ojo Caiientes is fifteen miles east
of El Valle which the American van
guard passed nearly two weekB ago.
Colonel Brown's men chased the
bandits fifty miles through the San
Antonio pass, scattering them to all
corners. Major Evans heads another
force protecting tho communication
lines around El Valle and San An
EL PASO, Texas, April 8.—Consul
Garcia, chief Carranza official along
the border, today declared himself In
favor of the United States troops with
drawing from Mexico. There is no
doubt here that Garcia's views reflect
those of the Carranza government.
"The American expedition has
achieved its purpose of breaking Vil
la's strength and scattering his fol!
lowers," said Garcia. "It is not neces
sary to capture Villa to make tho tx
peditlon a success. It would be use
less to have thousands of men pursue
him as it may take an indefinite time
to capture him. Villa can be cap
tured more easily by offering a big re
ward. There is no necessity in my
opinion, for the American army pur
suing the campaign further."
Villa Has Disappeared.
Eli PASO, Texas, April C.—Villa
apjxarently has disappeared. Car
ranza and American officials here de
clare that none of the soldiers of the
two governments seeking the bandit
leader have seen Villa since he was
wounded at Guerrero ten days ago.
While he was believed to be nearlng
Parral In southern Chihuahua today,
this information came from Mexican
civilian sources which officials admit
ted is unsatisfactory, owing to fear or
friendship for Villa.
The American pursuit Is believed to
have been halted temporarily Bouth
of Guerrero owine to the danger of ex
tending communication lines much
farther without adequate railroad fa
cilities. However, 500 United States
cavalry men under Colonel Dodd may
Rain and •warmer. Local temp
—7 p. m. 39 7 a. m. 27.
Present Outlook is Not Very Favorable for the
Early Capture of the Slippery Villa
and His Band.
IS VERY HOPEFUL
Small Cavalry Squads are Prosecuting the
Search Far South of Guerrero District
With Little Success.
have daerhed far Statsro wh«re Villa
was last reported several days ago.
The latest information estimates Vil
la's own band numbers 250 man. He
was previously reported being moved
in a wagon attended by a handful of
-Carranza officials who insist VTlla
Is desperately wounded predict an
early end to his flight either in hiding
or by capture.
With eighteen arrests In EA Paso be
sides a half hundred in Juarez, officials
believe the plot to start an insurrec
tion In the Juaree garrison was effect
ively broken up.
Followers of Felix Dtas, Villa and
Orozco are among the prisoners. So
far none of the conspirators taken in
Juarez have been executed by a fixing
squad as was threatened.
-Nto Change of Plana.'
WASHINGTON, April 6.—If there
Is any disposition on the part of the
administration to consider the Villa
expedition aiccompllshed with the
scattering of the bandit forces and
without his actual capture, no con
firmation of the'fact can be obtained,
from official sources. The war de
partment and white house decline to
discuss the subject today further
than to say there has been no change
of plans of the campaign. Consul
Rogers at Guerrero advised the state
department today he had placed be
fore tlie Cararnza government the de
partment'e request for use of the
Mexican Northwestern railway while
the agreement affecting other opera
tions is still pending.
Indian Man Hunters.
I COLUMISi'S, N. M„ April 6.—With
bright colored war feathers fiylng
from their hats, twenty-two Apache
Indian scouts arrived here today in a
special car from Fort Apache, Ariz.
As soon as their ponies are unloaded
they will start for General Pershing's
her.dquarters to lead in the hunt for
"If these men get on Villa's trail
they will bring him back," said M.
Jesus Valesques, who accompanied
the warriors as Interpreter. "They
aro man hunters. They painted up
and danced all night when the order
for service readied the reservation.
Fourteen of the band were mem
bers of the Geronimo raid in 1886
and fought the United States soldiers.
Then they were run down by Gen-
era! Pershing. Several of the Indians
In the party are over 70 years of age.
Most of them saw an army motor
truck here for the first time.
According to Captain O. P. Hazard,
In charge of the scouts, an all night
war dance was held after the order
to join the expedition was received.
The braves rode sixty-five miles on
their horses to the railroad station.
All were eager to get on Villa's trail.
(Continued on page 2.)
PATRIOTIC NATIONAL GUARDS
ARE EFFICIENT ORGANIZATION
Members of the State Militia
Would be Valuable Aid to
WASHINGTON. April 6.—Hotly an
swering critics of the national guards.
Senator I/^wis today declared they
are a patriotic and not a political or
ganisation and an efficient reserve to
the national regular army. He spoke
just before tho vote was expected to
strike out of the Chamberlain army
bill all provision for a federal re
serve in addition to the national
guard. His speech was In answer to
lobbying charges made by Chamber
lain "and other supporters of the bill.
Chamberlain exclaimed on the floor
that if the national guards did not
-f •tiai'fr-iwfraifl 'ir M.
cease their "jealous opposition" to
any form of reserve except themselves
he would fisht for their complete
elimination as a factor of the nation
N'at'.'.rally I^ewis answered the
guards had been aroused by an at
tempt to "shunt them aside" after
they had drilled and prepared for
years in as high a state of efficiency
as they had been able to persuade tho
states to permit. He prophesied that
the "federal reserve" or "continental
army renamed" would be a failure be
cause men would not enlist ta it and
that the net result of the Chamber
lain plan would be to weaken the
guards without strengthening the de
Just before he spoke, L«wis admit
ted that his fight to eliminate the
"federal reserve" would lose unless
several members unexpectedly change