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Daily Gate City and Constitu tion-Democrat is received over our own leased wire. "7: ,* fc-i AiV'.w.-'':-. -"j SAN ANTONIO, Texas, April 12.— Ifbe American expedition today is •nearer the consummation of its ob J|ect than at any time since the chase •for Villa started. This was the be Itief of Major General Frederick Fun iBton, expressed today in the fact of •conflicting rumors regarding Villa's (death and the progress of the expe Idition. American troops are south of |Pnrral, some of them believed to be lover the Durango state line, riding [hard on Villa's trail. The phantom iCarranzlsta oolumn reported for days Ito be waiting south of Parral in a •wide cordon ready to head off Villa land force him into a decisive flight, (has not yet materialized in' reports |to headquarters. If this Carranzista force is in the three-cornered game (behind the curtain of the almost in faccessible Mexican country Villa's Iforce is not yet out of immediate dan [ger, it was believed,' in view of as surances from Carranzista command |ers. Funston was highly optimistic for a [quick, successful termination of the I chase. His messages of the past week I have repeatedly emphasized the friendliness and co-operation of Car ranza commanders. In addition he has received encouraging reports on the physical welfare of the expedi tion. Both men and horses are in splendid condition, according to ad vices to headquarters. Funston today gave unstinted praise to Colonel Dodd for pushing his pursuit so persistent ly. Despite the handicaps of chasing th» bandit in a strange country. Dodd's cavalry so far has inflicted one severe defeat and kept fugitive Mexicans on the jump ever since the expedition started. Just how near Villa's force the American cavalry men are today, was not definitely known, but it was believed Dodd is tot far behind. Rumors of Villa's death were met *ith derision at headquarters. Offi cers there regarded them as the re sult of hysterical talk among the natives in the Interior which gradual ly spread and finally found their way to the border. Battle is Reported. [By E. T. Conkle, United Press Staff Correspondent. EL PASO, Texas. April 12.—A battle was reported to have been fought between Jimenez and Parral, but on account of the Carranzista censorship, the forces engaged were not made known. A Mexican Central train ran into the fight, later returning to Jimenez whence the censored reports were sent to the border. It Is not known here whether American forces en gaged in the fighting. Information from mining men in Parral placed an American detachment in that vicinity and Villista bands alBO were recently lev •. In LONDON, April 12.—Shifting the Jttack back to the west bank of the Meuse, the Germans have oponrd a lieavy drum-fire on the Dead Man's pill positions, presaging another ham ™er blow against the French line. A terrific concentrated Are was Poured in ail day yesterday on the Northeastern ridge of Dead Man's hill, "here a heavy German attack Mon night gained a foothold on the Hopes. Having gained this strip on toe French second line of defenses crown prince began systematic Artillery preparation for a renewal of "le assault, creating a diversion JjeMwhile by attacking east of the blow, Mn«f between Doaau- ftif 5 1 VOL. 122. NO. 88. Chances for Success of Expedition are Brighter Today Than Any Time Since Chase of Bandit Commenced. OF HIS DEATH ARE DERIDED Colonel Dodd's Cavalry is Thought Not Far Behind the Fleeing Outlaws Who are Scurrying to Safety. reported thereabouts. Carranza authorities in Juarez were silent re garding the battle. Where Villa himself is, today is a mystery. The rumors of his death were believed to have been Inspired by Mexican sources to bring about the withdrawal of the American troops. However all mining company re ports tend to show Villa was with a small column of bandits last reported near Tepehuanes, Durango. That the main American cavalry squadrons are in southwestern Chi huahua is shown by negotiations be tween the quartermaster's depart ment and El Paso dealers for large shipments of hay and oats to be shipped ovel- the Mexican Central railway via Chihuahna" City. This was another Indication that American forces in the neighborhood of Parral and'Jimenez'where a fight is reported to have occurred. Fort Bliss headquarters received an unconfirmed report that an anti American proclamation was circulat ed in Chihuahua City last Friday. Presumably the Carranzista authori ties suppressed it as all other reportB told of co-operation from the defacto government representatives there. Carloads of Supplies. SAN ANTONIO, Texas, April 12.—) (Contlnued on page 2.) FIERCE STRUGGLE CONTINUES ON DEAD MAN'S HILL •Germans Are Preparing for Another Sledge Hammer :•Blow at French Lines. mont and Vaux. was finally beaten back. The Germans first penetrated French advanced trenches, but were driven out by counter attacks of great violence. The grand assault begun by the Germans Saturday and continuing un til early yesterday, was designed to break through the French second line northwest of Verdun, Paris reported today. The crown prince smashed heavily against the French center in the fighting Sunday. During Sunday night large forces were transferred to the French right wing and at day break on Monday the Germans launched an attempt to roll up the French flank. Caught under the combined fire from Dead Man's hill and Hill 304, the Germans were beaten back in their assault against the French cen ter. On the northeast, they were shielded by ravines and hills from the batteries of Hill 304 and gained their most substantial success of the three day's battle. for nil BERLIN, April 12.—German troops have advanced at several places in the fighting in Caillette wood north east of Verdun, the war office an nounced this afternoon. West of Caillette woods, three French counter attacks In the Pepper heights region broke down under Ger man artillery fire. On the west bank of the Meuse,' Scthh:t5Z™o7h"?uZuX° ZZ TWO checked by the Germans, German troops raided English posi tions near La Boiselle during the night taking 29 prisoners. MORE PEACE TALK. [By Carl W. Ackerman, United Press Staff Correspondent. BERLIN, April 12.—The end of the war has been brought appreciably nearer by significant developments of the last forty-eight hours. Press reports of Premier AsquJth's Monday night reply to Chancellor Von BethmannHoiiweg's speech reached Berlin today. They created a mild sen sation. Disregarding certain belliger ent phnaae*, well-informed Germans in terpreted Asqulth'B' speech as a frank hint that the time Is drawing near when England will be willing to enter peace discussions. For the-first time since the begin ning of the war, the English premier, as Germans interpret his speech, modi fied his demand that Prussian militar ism must be crushed. When he substi tuted for this the statement that Ger man "military caste" must not In the future guide Germany's International policies, Germans believe that he ex pected a complete backdown. Ger mans assert that the so-called military caste was not in the diplomatic sad dle before the war and that the chan cellor's recent victory over the Von Tirpitz faction Is evidence that the ele ment Asquith professes to fear has not gained control of Germany's for eign policies. The HoHweg's and As quith statement, together with recent official uteerances, Indicate peace pros pects are taking shape along the lines Indicated In the following sub divis ions. Indemnities—Both Germany and England apparently have abandoned the Idea of making the enemy pay for the war. Belgium—the allies demand restora tion and complete independence of Belgium. Germany agrees to this, pro vided that Belgium does not discrimi nate against Germany after the war. Poland—Germany insists that con quered Polish territory shall not be re turned to the czar. Russia pledges autonomy for the Poles. the face EL. PASO, Aiprll 12.—A'bout twenty five carloads of provisions for the United States soldiers in Mexico were expected to go forward over Mexican lines today. The shipments are be ing handled by El Paso firms. More than half will go over the Mexican Central railroad to Chihuahua City future of Poland. to be transferred there to the south-' Baltic Provinces and other Russian ern division of the Mexico North-j territory held by the Austro-Germans western and forwarded to the Amer-i—Germany insists that none of this ican forces in western Chihuahua, territory shall be surrendered to the This, the first use of the Central line czar. The allies are silent on this for the benefit of the United States point. expedition, is regarded as strong,1 Balkans—The central empires insist proof of Carranza co-operation. Ithat Russia shall never again dominate Balkan affairs. Bulgaria will demand Anxiety at Headquarters. Serbian Macedonia. Premier Asquith has announced that not only must Movements of Mexican military Serbia be restored, but that she must forces in northern Mexico and the receive territorial compensations for activity of various Mexican political *1ep leaders are causing anxiety at Gen-! Alsace-Lorraine—Germany has made eral Funston's headquarters, it was no recent official statement, but im learned on highest authority here to-! portant suffrage concessions have beerc day made to the provinces. In Franco the Army officers and consular agents clamor for the rstoration of Alsace were perplexed by Carranzista troop Lorraine complete apparently has sub movements across Chihuahua state sided. in northern Mexico. These forces! Colonies Germany counts as in norinern iviexico. mese iuiumi 1 nnnovlne lptter? were reported moving from east to tain the restoration of her lost colon es hei^ annoying tetters, west. Though details of the move-i or an equivalent cession of colonial Canfield, Warren, 111., ments were not made public, the re- terltory and ports given out declared General expansion the direction of Bag Calles conducted a large force of Car-jdad. ranzistas past a point southeast of the subject of Germany a colonies. The ail lea £ve been ..lent on NEIW YORK, April 12.—Ric'flard Harding Davis, noted war correspond ent and author is dead. Davis dropped dead from heart failure while talking over the tele phone in his home at Mount Kisco last night, it was learned today. Davis was receiving a telegram anli Cj3nsttlutton=©Emocrat KEOKUK, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, APR. 12, '16 EACE RVMOR STIRRING GERMANY CHINA TO SPUT BIO TWO PARTS Southern States With 100,000, 000 Population to Form Into Separate Republic. HAVE SECEDED Movement la Spreading and President Yuan Shi KaJ Is Working to Prevent the Dissolution. SHANGHAI, April 12.—The Chin ese province of Ch© Kiang has seced ed from the republic, according to dispatches received here today. Armistice Arranged. ORBKHNiGr, April 12.—An armistice has been arranged for the purpose of formulating plans between the gov ernment and the Chinese revolu tionaries, It was announced today. Canton as New Capital. SHlAJNGCHAI, April 12.—Formation! of a new republic of southern China with a population of about 100,000,000 may be announced within a few weeks. Following the lead of the province of Kwang Tung, the import ant maritime province of Che Kiang, on the eastern sea today seceded from the republic. Emissaries of the rev olutionists have arrived in- In an effort to save the republic from dissolution, President Yuan Shi Kai has summoned revolutionary leaders to meet htm in conference at Peking. The southern rebels have not yet accepted this Invitation. PARIS, April 12. Transferring of German claims, En-.their activities again to the west bank gland and France are silent on the of the Meuse, the Germans early this morning attacked French positions in Caurette wood, on the northeastern approaches to Dead Man's hill. Flaming liquids were again em ployed in the attack which spread from Dead Man's hill southward to Cumienes. The war office announced 'repulsed th®t1th? Germans were everywhereinate The Germans did not return to the, the tacks against the French lines tween Douaumont and Vaux. Mrs. Angela R. mayor, Is here to take an officer back to Warren with her. -Advertise in The Gate City. Richard Harding Davis' Death Was Sudden and Unexpected Davis, formerly Bessie McCoy, the Recently he contributed a number of: York's poorer classes, dancer. He went to the telephone at' articles to magazines on the subject 9:50 and when »he did not return.! of national preparedness. Mrs. Davis assumed that he had prob-: His present wife wag formerly ably sat down to read. After con-1 Bessie McCoy, a musical comedy star, siderable time had elapsed and Davis whom he married after his first wife, did not respond to calls, Mrs. 'Davis the daughter of a prominent Chicago and her daughter. Hops, went to la- family^ divorced him four ftni-aift m: A ctfc Cif jj 111 2.—More than British soldiers were tsands of others were unsuccessful attack on ne8 east of Kut El urklsh war office re- BERLIN, three thousa killed and wounded in the Turkl# Amara, th ported toe«a* The British defeat is the moat dls astrous since the beginning of the cam paign to relieve General Townshend's forces beseiged In Kut-EI-Amara for more than four months. The fighting occurred near Felahle, 23 miles east of Kut-EI-Amana in the bend of#the Tig ris river. "Ater an hour and a half of heavy artillery preparation," said the Turk ish official statement, "the enemy at tacked with all his forces, our posl tlons near Felahle. The battle lasted six hours. The enemy at the begin ning penetrated parts of our trenches but Turkish troops killed all these en emy forces with the bayonet. "The remainder of the British troops were driven off, suffering heavy losses. In the Turkish trenches and before them, were oounted 3,000 of the en emy's dead." ATHENS, April 12.—Greek news papers announced today that the Ger mans have begun an offensive move ment on the Greek frontier, capturing the Devetepefortifioations from the allies. A violent cannonade has been re- Canton, sumed along the Lake Dolran-Ghevgh- which prqbaJbly will be the capital of front, north of Salonika. The allied the new republic with word that batteries apparently Hunan, and Kwei-tChow provinces superior. are about to declare their independ enoe. The movement Is spreading to all the provinces sooth, of the Yang Tse Kiang river. a re numerically LONDON, April 12v—The Swedish steamer Murjek has been sunk by an I explosion. The crew was saved. The Murjek displaced 4,124 tons and I was 351 feet long. he was built In 1913 and owned at Stockholm. KEOKUK MEN ELECTED TO OFFICE M. Vogler as Grand Orator and E. M. Majors as Grand Treas urer of Royal Arcanum. supreme council representative,! Iw- E- McConnell, Council Bluffs r^ent- J\R„Pri"' attack on the east bank of the Meuse. £rand .,v£f regent t. W Eruplcie. be' The Woman Mayor. CHICAGO, April 12.—Tired of wait ing for federal officers to come and yeiitlon. stop the "dirty dozen" from sending SSK? S, «S? grand regent". between Document and Vaux. Of-| j. "A. Fairly, Des Moines grand sec ficial dispatches today confirmed the retary. H. A. Snvder, Waterloo reports that the •Qermans suffered, ^and heavily in yesterday afternoon's at 1 treasurer, E. M. Majors, Keo- kuk grand chaplain. H. C. Asthalter, Muscatine grand guide, W. C. Ste wart. Ottumwa grand warden, H. E. Winn, Cedar Rapids grand sentry, J. N. Skinner, Ottumwa. Waterloo was given the 1917 con- Good Time to Start. CAIRO, 111.. April 12,-^VIrs. B. F. Langworthy told the Illinois Congress of Mothers here that they should start drees reform on their children at the age of two, instead of sixteen. Davis' body was found by Mrs.' to the allied front in southern Serbia. several hundred children of New wrote in the name of Roosevelt on complete. &- Whatever course this government determines upon, it will be decided very soon—possibly at Friday's cabi net meeting. It is understood on high authority that the government is still MUSCATINE, Iowa, April 12.—The Royal Arcanum order, in state con vention here today, announced the election of the following state offl-, .. cers: Representative to supreme coun-i ^fady °,E° „ht»ln a show cil, G. A. Fairly, Des Moinee alter- diplomatic ^relationei to obtain a show down on the whole submarine ques tion. Action, however, it was indicated today, may take another course. Pres ident Wilson may show his evidence to Germany, suggesting that the dis crepancies in the German and Amer ican positions may be due to erro neous reports of German "U boat com manders, or to other reasons. This government will then show it is impossible for Germany to keep up her present method of boat warfare without continually Jeopardiz vestigate. Davis was then found Davis was educated at Lehigfh and for delegates had been broken, the1 badly split among the Thompson lying on the floor beside the tele-, Johns Hopkins Universities. During only avowed Roosevelt candidate for Deneen and Brundage factions. phone, dead. the Spanish-American war he was [delegate at large to the national con- Davis was born in Philadelphia in correspondent in Cuba for the L/on-1 vention, John M. Harlan, had been 1S"64, and was fifty-two years old at! don Times and the New York Herald., defeated. the time of his death. Beginning asj He won considerable prominence at Harlan who made his campaign for a newspaper reporter, he attracted' that time through an altercation with Roosevelt throughout the state, wasjtional lines, Oklahoma democrats, attention by his magazine writings General Shatter. 110,000 votes behind the eight win-j united in the waning moments of the and some of his short stories werei (Davis also served as correspondent! ning delegates at large fearly today,! state convention here and unanimous considered models of Bnglish liter-, in the Turkish-Greek, South African, with the vote of 3 6?5 out of 6,306J( lv elected Tom Ij. Wade of Marlow to over the telephone when stricken, ature. A number of his works have'and Russo-Japanese wars and was! precincts In the state tabulated. be national committeeman. Ben N. He died at 9:30 before medical aid• been dramatized. with the American troops at Vera Four uninstructed republican dele-j LaFayette, Marlow's opponent hlmsel! could be summoned. The author was At the beginning of the war Davis Cruz during the American occupation I gates were elected. Two of them may (made the nomination during a hnsh about his home throughout yesterday,! -went to Europe. 'He spent several of the Mexican port. be for Roosevelt. In the democratic! in the boisterous demonstration that apparently feeling fairly well, thougn weeks abroad writing for newspapers! At the time of his marriage to Misa race, all of the delegates elected were marked the meeting. Twelve hundred •he had been in poor health for two, and magazines and only recently re- MoCoy, Davis instead of the usual pledged to Wilson. delegates voted as a unit for Wade weeks. turned from another trip, this time honeymoon, provided an outing fof Twlve thousand voters in Chicago (and the convention's harmony was •v.. Ira&fffiii i- hnf'tfrrfftv "^W^'vT'yTVK^ir •*. V?*. VW^*" "WiCATHER Fair and cooler. Local temp— 7 p. m. 75 7 a. m. 65. ••••$ REACH A DECISION It is Expected President Wilson and Cabinet Will Agree on Government's Course at Friday's Meeting. EVIDENCE ON HflHO IS NOT COMPLETE Many Think Germany Has Embarked on New Reign of Terror, Disregarding Rights of Neutrals. [By Robert J. Bender, United Prear Staff Correspondent.] WASHINGTON, April 12.—On the eve of determining a course of ac tion to pursue with Germany in the dangerous situations arising out of recent submarine activities in the English channel, the question facing President Wilson and his advisers to day seems to bo: "How far can we go with the evi dence at hand?" The president and his cabinet are convinced a German submarine sank the channel packet Sussex. They are convinced German submarine com manders have embarked on a new reign of terror, in which the safety and rights of neutrals are being dis regarded with amazing abandon. Bur conclusive proof -that a German submarine sank the Sussex may be lacking. The German official dis claimer of all responsibility for the explosion which wrecked the vessel was expected today. The belief that this government's proof on the Sussex alone is not suffi ciently strong to convince the world of the unavoidabillty of severing dip lomatic relations, administration offi cials are centering attention on cumu lative evidence regarding the new general German boat campaign. Evidence showing the wilful tor pedoing and sinking of all kinds of neutral vessels—Dutch, Norwegian, Danish—in large numbers regardless of warning, armament of anj*hing else is at hand, it is said in volume to prove the contention that Germany is not living up to assurances. •I'l'iiS'lli •'. 'If EIGHT PAGES mi Great Britain contended she had the right to seize these men though they were not actually allied with her enemy's fighting forces and that in so doing sftie did not violate the sovereignty of a neutral power. The note held that the Trent case in the civil war upon which the Unit ed States based its protest against "an unwarranted invasion of the sovereignty of an American vessel on the thigh seas," did not square with the China situation. The reply called attention to 'bomb plots and other activities of Eng land's enemies on neutral soil. "From reliable Information receiv ed it has been definitely established," said Sir Edward Grey's note, "that the German residents in Shanghai have been engaged for some time past in the collection of arms and ammu- (Continued on page 2.) ROOSEVELT DELEGATE WAS DEFEATED AT THE PRIMARIES Democrats All for Wilson and Republicans for Lawrence Y. Sherman, in Illinois. Democrats illl ior iisuu the presidential primary ballot. Many Among his well known novels were'of these were women. I^ess than a "Soldiers of Fortune," "Gallagher and thousand wrote in the name of Jus Other Stories," "A Year !From a Cor-jtice Hughes. Fairly complete figures respondent's Note Book," "The King's' gave Lawrence Y. Sherman, the "fav Jackall," "Captain Mackflin," "Ran-jorite son," 75,000 votes. son's Folly,'* "The Bar Sinister," and In the democratic preferential pri "Yarfc the Medium," I mat#, aerventy-tive Totem, of whom IJafnftWjUSk&". jtMaS1 five were women, wrote in tihe name of Champ Clark. Wilson, according to iatest available returns, polled 79,398 votes in Cook county. Scattering returns from down-state precincts are not expected to change the result materially. Roger Sullivan won control of the democratic state organization. Early CHICAGO, April 12.—Incomplete returns showed Carter Harrison, returns in Illinois' preferential pri-, former mayor of -Chicago, defeated mary election indicated today that|f0r delegate at large. while lawrenco Y. Sherman slate| The republican state control i9 Oklahoma Democrat*. OKLAHOMA CITY, Okla., April 12. —Following a bitter fight along fac- All Oklahoma congressmen and Governor Williams were given un a if el at to the national convention were selected with one-half a vote each. Oklahoma delegates will have no proxies and delegates are expected to vote a* a unit. iT 3? M. "v #1 isi ,v,« 'i ing American lives. Assurances of her desire for continued friendship can be shown. It could be pointed out:••••• onlv by her willingness to take steps that would render further strained. relations as a result of submarine warfare as Impossible. There would be no "dickering" with Germany, no long discussion, it is da- 7 Glared. 1 .%fp* Message From Gerard. BERLIN, April 12..—A lengthy per sonal message from Ambassador Gerard is accompanying the German communication on the Sussex and al lied oases to Washington. Gerard forwarded tfhe statement from the German foreign office at noon yesterday. The message lie »w«t with it is a confidential report on the German at titude. England's 'Reply. ^WASHINGTON, April Iffi.—That Germans seized from the American' liner China, were engaged in un neutral service and were shifting their base of operations from, Shang hai to Manila, is the contention of Great Britain in her reply to this government's protest against their seizure from an American boat. This was revealed by the state depart ment today, making known the Brit ish reply.