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The daily Gate City and constitution-Democrat. (Keokuk, Iowa) 1916-1922, April 20, 1916, Image 1

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The Telegraph service of The
Daily Gate City and Constitu
tion-Democrat is recdv^d oye&„
our own leased wire. A ^,
VOL. 122. NO. 95.
,W: :.
I Early Reports of at Least Ten Lives Lost in
Fierce Storm of the Night Which
Visited Two States.*
[One Small Town Reported in Ruins, With Six
Deaths, While One Hundred People
Were Injured.
KANSAS CITY, Mo., April 20.—Ten
jersons are reported dead and nearly
fine hundred Injured by tornadoes
(fhlcb swept three distinct areas In
Kansas and Missouri last night.
property damage in southeastern
Kansas, southwestern and central
Missouri, is said to be enormous.
Vires are demoralized and details
Six are reported killed in Stover,
|MO., with the town laid in ruins by a
tornado. A special train carried re
lief to the injured there.
Mrs. Miller and a baby of the Hlx
family near Fort Scott, Kansas,
sere killed when their home was de
Elmer Packard, of Enterprise, Kan
as, was killed when his motor car.
In which he was trying to outrun
the storm, overturned, pinning him
beneath it
Ruth Fairbanks, seven, was killed
rhen her home near Rich Hill, Mo.,
vas demolished.
An unconfirmed report said every
house in Rinehart, Mo., was de
stroyed and thirty persons injured.
The storm is also believed to have
Btruck near Jefferson City. Mo., Cali
fornia, Mo., and Olean, Mo.
Starting around Port Scott and
Ilola, Kansas, the twisters cut swaths
The British attitude toward Presi­|allies
dent Wilson's note ranges from quiet
satisfaction to near jubilation. It is
Quite likely that it will have a salu
tory effect upon the cabinet crisis
here and a most important influence
Upon Holland, Greece, Roumania, and
the Scandinavian neutrals.
"The kaiser is to decide whether he
ts war with the United States or
the Daily Chronicle holds.
It is difficult to suppose that the
'German government, elated by the
submarine success of the past six
Weeks will accept President Wilson's
terms," said the Chronicle.
"Diplomatic relations between Ber
lin and Washington will then be
broken. The resulting situation of
course will not be a state of war,
but may easily develop into one if
Germany perpetrates fresh atrocities
in which the victims include Ameri
"This is most obvious to both par
ties. President Wilson has counted
the cost and presumably the kaiser
is counting it. If he decides that a
continuance of the submarine war is
Xvorth a diplomatic breach with
America, he will probably decide that
It is worth war, too. If, on the other
hand, he desires to avoid war. he
Would most naturally make his con
cession when he would also avoid
breaking relations.''
Tl^ft Chronicle view" was not ac
cepted at official quarters, however.
Some diplomats here said they be
lieved that Germany would accept a
diplomatic break, not daring to risk
Kuialac di^pjauur* ^5
for riiillliiiMiitSntTmii 'mirfi
through rich country districts extend
ing to Deep Water, Clinton and Rich
Hill in Missouri.
Heavy damage was reported in
Lowry City and in Rockville.
Many were reported dangerously
injured in southeastern Kansas and
southwestern Missouri. Cities near
the stricken districts have rushed
them aid.
Eleven Reported Dead.
KANSAS CITY, Mo., April 20.-
With eleven reported" dead and one
hundred Injured, fear was expressed
here today that when communica
tions are restored to several stricken
districts, the toll of last nighi storms
I will be much greater.
Return of a relief train sent from
Eldon, Mo., to Stover, Mo., where six
deaths were reported, is anxiously
awaited as it is feared more may be
dead there. Wires to that village,
which was almost destroyed, are still
No definite reports have been re
ceived from Morgan, Cole and Miller
counties, where a cyclone cut a swath
eight miles wide. Whether any are
dead in that rural section is not
known. (Reports indicate a cyclone
struck near Jefferson City and that
several were injured at Olean, Mo.,
near there.
I General Opinion is That Dip
lomatic Break is Certain
and War is Possibility.
rBy Ed. L. Keen, United Press Staff
LONDON, April 20.—Well informed
persons here do not believe that Ger
many will yield to the United States.
The general opinion in London is that
a diplomatic break is certain and that
war Is a strong possibility.
This view is based on the fact that
Germany has emphasized the state1
ment that the submarine is her most
effective weapon in figl*ting England.
For this reason it is believed that
Germany cannot afford to concede any
essential points, though it is thought
possible she will offer certain conces
sions to obtain some delay.
back down before the United States.
After the breach came, they, said the
German government would so order
its submarine policies that there
would be no danger of a war with
"The significance of the statement."
said the Pall Mall Gazette this after
noon, "lies in the fact that President
Wilson is no longer able to withhold
official significance of the true Ameri
can policy. America may be congratu
lated upon the fact that she has
reached the point where she is no
longer compelled to wear the full
livery of official neutrality as between
man and beast."
"We don't exult over the prospect
of America's entrance into our war,"
said the Manchester Guardian, "but
we do exult in the prospect of a vic
tory of the ideals of law and humani
ty. Whether Germany yields or not,
this victory is sensibly nearer."
The Globe declares that the United
States is probably more useful to the
under present conditions than if
she entered the war.
The Westminster Gazette says that
President Wilson has mapped out a
line of action which admits no re
The French View.
[By William Phillip Simms. United
Press Staff Correspondent..]
PARIS,- April *20.—The world's
greatest battle at Verdun, only 135
miles from the French capital, sud
denly took second place in public in
terest todav with the arrival of dis
patches representing President Wil
son's speech.
The president's strong stand won
instant and unanimous approval here.
That portion of his speech referring
to his fight to uphold the principles
of humanity was applauded as one of
the finest utterances heard in any
capital since the war began.
The text of the American note to
Germany had not been received here
early today though It was expected
to follow the lines laid ddwn in the
president's speech.
Fbr several days public sentiment
has been growing warmer toward
'America. French people were at
first disappointed by what they sup
posed to be America's indifference
over the first submarine outrages.
The masses are now b«ginning to
understand the difficulties that have
confronted President Wilson. His
^Oontinupd on p«c» t),
PARIS, April 20.—French troops
captured a well fortified German
work in a violent attack last night
west of Vaux, the war office an
nounced this afternoon, taking 200
prisoners and much booty. Other
wise there was no Important fighting
around Verdun last night. On the
west bank of the Meuse, there was
reciprocal bombardment.
In the Argonne, a mine struggle re
sulted to the advantage of the French.
PARIS, April 20.—General Joffre
today addressed an army order of the
day sending best wishes to the FNts
slan troops sent to France to fight
on the Occidental front.
[This is the first intimation that
any Russian troops are fighting on
the Occidental front.
It is not clear whether the expres
sion" Occidental front" in the Paris
dispatch refers to the western front
from Flanders to Alsace, or to the
operations at Salonika. In either
event, if the interpretation that Rus
sian troops have been transported to
aid the French is correct, that fact
may be of the greatest significance
in view of the recent French com
plaints that England has not sent
enough troops to the continent.
Russian troops could only be trans
ported to France by a long journey
from Alexandrovks, on the White
sea, since the port of Archangle is not
yet open. The transports would have
to encounter danger from German
submarine attacks. Early In the war
there were rumors that large bodies
of Russian troops had passed through
England enroute to France, but these
reports were later proven untrue.]
PARIS, April 20.—.Well known Rus
sian officers, General Joffre stated in
the order of the day, are In command
of the Russian soldiers debarked at
Marseilles and the czar's forces are
composed of troops especially picked
tor their bravery. Russia sent the
troops to France, he stated, as further
proof of her devotion to the French
Two Engagements Announced.
NEW YORK, April 20.—-Two in
teresting engagements gave New York
society a new thrill today. The en
gagement of Miss Frances T. Morgan,
youngest daughter of J. P. Morgan,
to Paul Geddes Pennoyer of Berkeley,
Calif., was announced, while it also
became known that Miss Barbara C.
Rutherford, daughter of Mrs. Wm. K.
Vanderbilt, will marry Cyril Hatch
this spring.
[By H. D. Jacobs, United Press Staff
VO, April 15.—'(via aeroplone and mo
tor truck to Columbus, N. M., April
20.)—The fight in the plasa during
which an American machine gun pla
toon quickly scattered a Mexican
mob was only the beginning of usual
sniping warfare encountered by the
United States forces in all Mexican
cities, (deleted by censor.)
The Americans were given a clean
bill of health in the Parral incident
by War Minister Obregcn. His offi
cial statement printed in El Demo
crata of Chihuahua absolved tfce
United States troops. The statement
was concurred in by the Parral offi
That the attack on American sol
diers was unprovoked, w^s shown in
official reports to General Funston,
stating the troops started on a peace
ful mission by wearing only their
pistols, (deleted by censor.) A stone
suddenly whizzed from the crowd of
Mexicans. Another and another fol
lowed. Still the United States sol
diers made no movement toward their
revolvers. A revolver shot rang out
from the Mexican mob. It was the
signal for a fusillade. One of the
American soldiers fell dead, (deleted
by censor.) The deadly marksman
ship and cool courage of the Ameri
can troops drove them back. A ma
chine gun platoon rushed to the fore
and in a twinkling the death-dealing
"typewriters" began to sing. The
mob melted and rushed pell mell into
the shelter of side streets.
Groundwork for Withdrawal.
[By Carl D. Groat, United Press Staff
WASHINGTON. April 20.—To lay
the ground work for withdrawal of
American forces from Mexico is be
lieved here to be the object of the
trip to the border on which Chief of
Staff Scott departed last night.
General Scott's trip is generally as
the fact that the Villa hunt
is at a standstill, to manifestations
[that General Funston wants enlarge­
ment of the expedition and to the
attb Constitution-Bemoccat
Russian Troops Have
Lanided at Marceiile?
Take Parti in the
Paris Electrified by the Sensational
News Which is Considered Pos
sible Turning Point
In the War.
PARIS, April 20.—Russian
troops were landed at the
French port of Marseilles to
day to join the allied troops in
operations against the Ger
mans on the continent.
This sensational announcement was
made simultaneous with publication
of an army order of the day issued
by Genera! Joffre sending best wishes
to the first detachment of soldiers of
the czar to fight op French soil since
the beginning of the war.
The censor thus far has permitted
no details as to numbers to be pub
lished, but the French newspa
pers assume that the Russians
were landed In large forces. They as
sume also that they will be rushed
Into action either at Verdun or on
some other sector of the western
front where the allies may be con
templating a great offensive.
By what route the Russians reached
Marseilles Is known only to officials
of the war Office and ministry of ma
rine. It Is assumed, however, that
their transportation to France was
decided on at the recent general con
ference of the allies in Paris.
No 'news In many weeks has so
electrified the French capital as the
brief bulletins passed by the censor
this afternoon. Newspapers contain
ing practically nothing but head
lines, were eagerly grabbed up In the
boulevards and crowds beseiged the
newspaper offices for more news.
Looking Backward.
Louisville Courier-Journal: After a
man gets to be 22 he begins to talk
about "these days" in contradistinction
to the old times of long, ago.
American Machine Gun's Song
Sent Mexican Mob to Shelter
fact that the recent Parral battle
showed on what touchy ground the
chase rests.
Officially Scott is to canvass the
situation and- report to Secretary
Baker who has felt the need of an
intimate, word-of-mouth account of
General Carranza's suggestions for
withdrawal of troops has not been
answered. It probably will be soon.
Ambassador Arrendondo announced
that he has not asked that this with
drawal be immediate and he has de
cided not to press the state depart
ment for an immediate reply to Car
ranza's suggestion.
Both horses and men near Parral
need new shoes. Secretary Baker
was so advised today. He thought
perhaps they were resting up in that
vicinity while this trouble was reme
died, in as much as he had no reports
of activities for several days.
Lull In Operations.
SAN ANTONIO, Texas, April 20.—
Preparing to present the entire ex
peditionary situation since the troops
crossed the border. General Fun
ston's staff officers today worked on
a report to be given to Chief of Staff
Scott when he arrives Friday from
Washington. The report is expected
to inform Scott of the Carranzista at
titude and of the supplv situation
which caused the recall of the ad
vanced detachments.
Meantime the lull in the expedi
tion's operations continues.
Several columns of cavalry will be
turned back from Namiquipa soon to
resume pursuit of Villa when Persh
ing completes concentration of sup
plies at Namiquipa, he reported to
Funston today.
Two companies of infantry today
were enroute to relieve troops at
Eagle Pass for service in Mexico.
Must Change Plans.
SAN ANTONIO, Texas, April 20.—
The American punitive expedition
will remain at a standstill until Chier
of Staff Scott auhorizes a change of
plans to those proposed by General
Funston in Their conference here Sat­
urday and Sunday.
'M- 'H
aa Fan-
g. LONDON, ApNl 20.—The crisis
3 .he British cabinet has been averted
and all differences settled, It was an
nounced this afternoon. An official
statement is being'prepared, covering
the agreement on conscription.
The compromise, It is reported,
provides only for the postponement of
general conscription for a peNod of
not mqre than two months to give
the voluntary system one more chance
to produce »the number of men de
manded by the army heads.
It was officially announced that the
agreement reached by the cabinet
will be laid before parliament at a
secret session Tuesday.
Minister of Munitions Lloyd George
told his friends he was completely
satisfied with the settlement though
none of the cabinet members dis
closed exactly what the agreement
BERLIN, April 20.—French troops
suffered heavy losses In an attack on
German positions In Caillette forest,
northeast of Verdun, the war office
announced this afternoon. The attack
was repulsed.
Glynn as Chairman.
WASHINGTON, April 20.—Former
Governor Glynn of New York, it was
said in democratic circles here to
day, is the man most likely to deliver
the keynote address of the party at
the St. Louis convention.
I Glynn's name came into consldera
tion by his address before the New
York state convention. His handling
of the situation at that time met gen
eral commendation from democratic
leaders.' Since then in an effort to
settle upon the best man for tempor
ary chairman, the democratic leaders
have returned time and again to
I Glynn.
Norman E. Mack, former chairman
of the democratic national committee
I has advocated Glynn's selection, it is
ston's statement today after forward
ing another long report from General
Pershing to the war department. This
report, detailing instances of hostil
ity by Carranzistas was mailed from
Satevo last Saturday. Though Fun
ston refused to make the entire com
munication public, he gave out a
portion revealing an attack on the
detachment commanded by Major
Howze near Bachineva, when citizens
attacked from the rear.
The troops had passed through
Bachineva, Pershing's report stated,
when the onslaught began. Funston
made no mention of the consequence*
of the fight, but stated Howze was
unable to punish the offenders, owing
to the conditions governing the expe
ditions conduct. He had ample evi
dence against one Mexican it was
All the expeditionary troops now
are north of Satevo, Funston said. In
this connection he gave out a portion
of Pershing*b report describing con
ditions south of that point and declar-1
ing further campaigning impossible I
under present plans. Even the na-
Funston will present these facts to
Scott, it is expected, with a request
for authority to change the general
plan of the expedition.
Campaign at a Halt.
COLUMBUS. N. M., April 20.—The
campaign against Villa was practical
ly at a halt today. No active steps
in the pursuit are to be taken, it is
believed here, until General Hugh
Scott confers with General Funston
and returns to Washington with rcc-'
ommendatlons for the war depart-'
ment. A wagon train left here today,
over a new and more direct route to!
the Dublan base. The old trail has'
been cut to pieces by the heavy mo
tor truck traffic, j.
Threat to Sever Diplomatic Relations May Pos
sibly Lead to Change in Method of
Boat Warfare.
President's Note to Germany Has Been De
livered and Reply is Expected Within
Few Days.
[By Robert J. Bender, United Press
Staff Correspondent.]
WASHINGTON, April 20.—German
Ambassador Von Bernstorff discussed
with (Secretary Lansing today the pos
sibility of averting a break between
Germany and the United States. The
Intense artillery activity was re
ported along the Meuse and in the
Woevre region.
BERLIN, April 20.—Capture of six
hundred yards of British trenches be
tween Ypres and Langemarck was
announced by the German war office
this afternoon. The Germans took
109 prisoners and two machine guns.
conference lasted twenty-five minutes,
The ambassador obtained the secre
tary's views on steps necessary to
make Germany's submarine campaign
conform to this country's ideas of in
ternational law and umanity.
Although the ambassador refused
to comment on the talk which he said
was entirely "confidential, it is un
derstood that as a result of the con
ference he does not take a hopeless
view of the situation, rt Is known
Secretary Lansing waft given good
reason to believe that another inci
dent such as the Sussex disaster will
not occur while ffie present negotia
tions are being' conducted.
It was pointed out to Lansing that
since the United States has asked for
a distinct change of policy in German
submarine warfare, there will natural
ly have to be numerous conference"?
of officials In Berlin.
Tho ambassador believed today he
would not have long to wait for word
from Berlin, regarding steps he should
take in the situation.
The Word "Altogether."
WASHINGTON, April 20.—Inclu
sion of the word "altogether" in the
president's threat to sever diplomatic
relations with Germany, is said at the
state department to have been merely
to give the note emphasis. Officials
would not indicate to .what extent a
severance would go. A break in diplo-
Bender United Press
Rob^tafj, Corr
WASHINGTON, April 2°.—-With is hopeful.
the choice of a break with the Unitea
States or a change in the methoa oi
submarine warfare,
Bernstorff was scheduled
on the grave situation now existing
tives are starving. The American
troops, Pershing said, suffer from
scarcity of water. The cavalry,
horses suffered also from lack of fod-'
der and there was no grass into
which they could be turned for graz
American government J*5*3:
ia advance
of his
Tfae positlon ot
with Germany, Ambassador von
with Secretary of State LAnsingj
cuss thc
Washington and the imperial
ambassador still clings to a hope
that a break may be avoided. Now
that the note, clearly outlining tno
~^-*y wm~'"
Bain and cooler. Loca] temp—
7 p.m. 69 7 a.m. 58.
matic relations could be accomplished
by merely recalling the American am
bassador from Berlin. The German
ambassador here would be handed his
passports, probably, but this is not
Where there would be no necessity
for withdrawing American consuls
from Germany, such a step might be
Included, though, officials said "cir
cumstances will govern the situation."
Note Reaches Berlin.
[By Carl W. Ackerman, United Press
Staff Correspondent.]
BI3RLIN, April 20.-—President Wil
son's note to Germany reached the
American embassy at 11 o'clock this
morning, though one section is still
missing. Ambassador Gerard expects
to deliver the note to Foreign Secre
tary Von Jagow this^afternoon,.^,
Eferly today an important conmen
tial message reached the embassy
from Washington. It enjoined ab
sllute silence on Ambassador Gerard
and his secretary.
Marines on Guard.
WASHINGTON, April 20.—That
marines had been ordered to guard
I the big German-owned wireless sta
tions at Tuckerton, N. J.. and Say
ville. L. I., was officially admitted
The reason was not announced, but
It was suggested the move waB made
both to protect the stations from any
anti-German demonstration and to
permit of American seizure of them
in case of a break with Germany.
(Continued on page 2.)
Von Bernstorff Had Appoint
ment for Today With
Secretary of State.
Lansing, Ambassador Von Berastorfl
has reported the Washington situa
tion to the foreign office and has made
certain recommendations. His talk
with hansing. if it precedes arrival
of instructions from Berlin, is likely
to be of a tentative nature.
For his own part the ambassador
impressed with the earnestness of
espondent.] this government. Bernstorff himself
he German foreign
offlce Js pxppctei to be
In reply to
been transmitted, it is Senator Gore (dem.) that the presi
ding might consent to discu.s j,, risking war "becatise a few
uation with the ambassador, ash Americans insist, on traveling on
case the conference will
turn to he l"estion the white house today that the con
ments view of how troversy has shifted entirely away
fare should be carried
"present methods, to ^hl(=h angle, as a result of the attack of the
United States so strenuously
determination of a new plan of the "rash Americans" aboard were
operation against merchant shipping, newspaper men government couriers
That i" the clear intent of the de- and attaches, the very nature ot
mand now made on Germany. The whose work and public service oom
ambassador may be expected to sug- pelled their presence aboard a ship
limitations such as "placed on' flying a belligerent flagL since there
German submarine commanders oper- are no neutral passenger ships,
atine in the Mediterranean, but this American or others on which it is
will not suffice. possible to reach Franoe at the prev­
conference.•withlent time.
revealed wlth-
days. It is the belief of the
& ew
department that a reply should
be received by Monday at the latest,
some time today. I early caller at the white house today,
His visit to the state aepartme:h0 thought there was no dispo
was believed to hold out possibilities
leader Kern of Indiana, an
sItion on the part
of congress to dis-
international situation in
any bnt every
government. Only Tuesday JLansing ,lpaVR the president unembarrassed
declined to -discuss the submarine handling the crisis. He explained
situation with Bernstorff. But
disposition to
that inasmuch as the note had al-
ready gone to
Germany, talk in con-
do no good and might
possibly do
criticism like that of
from the
Sussex The
exception, are abandoned ,t|armed nor a merchantman. She was
At the nt'a passenger ferry boat, according to
was reiterated J^nde undisputed testimony, plying a course
°rder\ nndeTs^ at
po^ed out at
"armed merchantmen"
never raken by merchantmen.
must be withdrawn ana tmaersea at
Scks confined to warships, pending I It was also pointed out that among
Sussex was neither

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