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The daily Gate City and constitution-Democrat. (Keokuk, Iowa) 1916-1922, May 08, 1916, Image 1

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H-
lor
•The Telegraph service of The
Daily Gate City and Constitu­
-Democrat received over
tion
oar own leased wire.
"VOL. 122. NO. 110.
ALPINE, Texas, May 8.—American
|troops today rushed through the des
iDlate stretches of the Big Bend coun
I
try in pursuit of Mexican bandits
lrho killed three American soldiers
I
The raid broke at 10 clock Friday
night when a force estimated at from
150 to 300 Mexicans crept up on the
little wax settlement. They avoided
the border patrol by a wide detour,
I forded the Rio Grande and crossed
the intervening sandy stretch at
night. There were nine men of the
Fourteenth cavalry stationed at Glenn
Springs to protect the settlement
from attack. Others In the village
I were C. D. Wood and W. K. Ellis,
owners of a wax factory, with their
families J. Deemer, owner of a gen
eral store, and F. Compton, employed
as Deemer's clerk. The wax factory
represented the town's only industry
and the store was the only trading
post in a, radius of many miles. A
few Mexican families composed the
remainder of the village. The nearest
city lay eighty-five miles away and
ike village was far removed from
railroad communication.
3n
5*
Association is Being Probed
'. By Federal Jury in Search
y. "54: of Trust Taint. *v
I DES KOTNE8, Iowa, May 8.—Fol
lowing up a secret investigation cover
ing the past three years, federal au
thorities today commenced a sweeping
probe of the methods of the Iowa-Ne
wraska Wholesale Grocers association
alleging that the association has been
7
fP'StXii
^tn
Large Force of Greasers Attack Small Texas
Town .and Murder Three Soldiers
and a Boy. ^-V _...
ML
Big Bend Country is Aflame With Rage and
f, Troops Have Been Sent After the
Assassins.
rage today, and throughout the!lodged themselves behina sheltering
I district cattlemen and other residents
Iffliss, El Paso Fort Clark, Brackett,
.ofSan.- Antonio* Presi
tfo
/dashed icwt of Alpine at the first
•news of the raid, to the aid of anoth
ler small detachment of nine men
Khich had arrived from a nearby des
lert poet to aid the stricken American
(settlement. ,.
I
rocks,
Iwere rallying to the cry for veng-1 tention to the village store." From
leance. An entire battalion ordered
1
bur8t
irder. These troops^are from Fort j0||0we|
jf
a"* »f
tit
IS h*
-M
NIGHT
sr tZs&iVir'A
pared to hear the worst regarding the
fate of the two frontiersmen. Comp
ton's son, a mute, was slain in the
first few minutes of the raid, suppos
edly because the Mexicans thought
WOO KUiea Uirte Aiu&iivau cui/
land a ten year old*boy and captured: the child wae concealing Information.
two American citizens after a five The attack centered on the soldiers
Ifcour battle against a little detach- when the surviving troopers, most
Iment at Qlenn firings, Texas. The of them badly wounded, escaped to
I Big Bend country was in a white heat the hills back of the settlement and
the Mexicans turned their at-
their perch on the hillside the Ameri-
lout by General Funston following troops saw the dark forms of the
(delayed report® of the brave fight Mexicans passing In and out of the
•of the American troops, converging on building, ae the loot waa carried into
•Marathon, Texas, by railway, will de-ithe
open and
•train immediately and sweep south- jjorBeB Then, at dawn, the building
I ward over the desert toward the I
strapped to the pack
into flames. A residence soon
aa^
jj,
a
minutes the
country was lurid witb the flfcht of
burttttvg »«ttie*neeb- Th»***i
cans made good targets, silhouetted
against the light, and stains on the
sand later convinced the Americans
that some of their ballets had found
their marks. Compton and Deemer
were tossed into a wagon and Deem
qr was told to drive. The band then
started toward the torder, twelve
miles away.
The first alarm was given by W.
K. Ellis and his wife, who escaped
on foot and ran to the hills when the
Mexicans first appeared. After the
Mexicans left, they rushed back to
the settlement and finding that the
Mexicans had overlooked their auto
mobile, drove It in tti Marathon,
where the first alarm was given.
Sheriff Walton and Dr. Perverse, vet
terans of many border clashes, set
out ogetber to relieve the camp. In
a short time the news was flashed to
General Funston at El Paso and
troop movements were virtually under
way.
Mrs. Ellis told a graphic story of
how the little band of American
troops fought against odds. The
men were asleep in their tents whea
Retreating to an adobe hut, after I the sentry picked out the Mexicans in
dl.uu.c- H. (ln hi. ryol«.r
Americans barricaded the doors
and
to awaken the settlement and the
began a five hour fight against tre- fight was on. Driven from their first
mondous odds. In the end they were
routed by fire when the Mexicans,
despairing of approaching the hu.t
while the Americans had any ammu
nition left, burled fire balls on to the
thatched roof. Three men fell as
the detachment fled at last from the
blazing hut. One was riddled with ten
bullets the other two were struck
many times. The remainder, Includ
ing some wounded, reached the shelt
er of a rocky field and continued the
fight until daylight when the Mexi
cans with triumphant yells, mounted
their horses and rode away, carrying
their captives, Deemer and Compton,
and leading pack horses loaded with
loot.
stand, the soldiers retreated to the
adobe hut where the fight waged for
three hours with a double ring of
Mexicans around the structure. Then
for three hours the troops returned
the fire, shooting at the fiery flashes
from the Mexicans' guns, while lead
en slugs snarled about the building
and thumped against the walls.
The bodies of the three slam sol
diers arrived here today and are being
held in a local establishment pending
receipt of word from relatives as to
the disposition to be made of them.
Survivors of the attack brought the
body of the Compton boy to Marathon
and obtaining ammunition and fresh
horses, started back immediately to
ot. norses, swiricu i******
No houe was held out for Defrmer1 hoin the pursuit of the Mexicans.
1.1 Mivmnnnv VlOGI ItAi
and Compton. Knowing the charac
ter of the Mexican raiders, through
frequent border clashes, residents of
the surrounding country were pre-
A machine gun company has been
ordered here by General Funston and
(Continued on page 2.)
IOWA WHOLESALE GROCERS
BEFORE THE GRAND JURY
Violating the Sherman anti-trust law
by establishing a barrier in the way of
distribution of food products. Wit
Besses were today subpoenaed to ap
Bear before the grand jury, am
one
A-
them Warfield, Pratt, Howell company.
Killer WhoJesale Grocery company,
Charles Hewitt company and C. C.
Prouty company, of Dee Moines.
Claude R. Porter, United States dle
trict attorney, assisted by George H.
Alurdock, assistant to the attorney
general at Washington, are handling
the case.
The government charges that east
ern manufacturers through efforts of
the Iowa-Nebraska association have
refused to sell products tc non-mem
bers of the association. There are
tlfty-six Jobbers belonging to the as
sociation. John Blaul of Burlington
is president, George a Lighty, of
Waterloo, vice president for Iowa. H.
B. Grainger, of Lincoln, Neb., vice
president for Nebraska and John Mehl
hop, of Oovndl Bi&fCs. secretary.
j"*
wHife
FRANCE
[By Henry Wood, United Press Staff
Correspondent.]
PARIS, May 8,—French military
critics declared today that th» Ger
man attack yeserday Is the prelude to
a fourth great offensive against Ver
dun.
The fighting en the west bank of
the Meuse, northwest of Verdun at
tained the greatest violence, yester
day. Repulsed In their attempts to
storm and capture the summit of Hill
304, the Qermana resorted to a flank
attack on the French right, which
yielded some results. The German
object, apparently, is to force evacua
tion of Hill 304 by threatening to, sur
round the position. Almost the same
form of attack was icmployed east of
the Meuse, where the Germans for
many weeks have been attacking the
ridge of Pepper Heights, four and on#
•half mllea north of Verdun. Facing
frightful losses In a frontal attack on
the slopes of the position, the Teu
tons' commanders have been haoking
away persistently at French positions
in the ravines east of the heights,
hoping to drlvj) through toward the
Meuse and force the French to retire
from the strongly fortified positions.
In yesterday's fighting, French flTst
line trenches were penetra^sd on a
front of 500 yards.
RECOVER LOST GROUND.
[By Henry Wood, United Press Staff
Correspondent.]
PARIS, May 8.—French troops
have recaptured a large, part of the
ground lost on both banks of the
Meuse yesterday in a most violent
German attack, believed by French
military critic* to signal a fourth
great assault on Verdun.
A successful French counter at
tack last night drove the Germans
from the communicating trenohes
they had occupied.
In
yesterday's
heavy battling east of Hill 304 on the
northwestern front of Verdun.
In a aarlaa of night combats, the
French threw the Germans out of the
of the" flOO yards of flrsf
line trenches they occupied1 between
Haudromont wood and Port Douau-
mont, the war office announced today.,
With grenades and bayonets the
French last night attacked this sec
tor, driving the Germans out of nearly
the entire 500 yards and taking thlr
ty-two prisoners.
In recapturing the underground
communicating trench taken by the
(Continued on page 2.)
[By Robert J. Bender, "United Press
Staff Correspondent.]
WASHINGTON, May 8.—President
Wilson will make no move in the di
rection of European peace at this
time. The veiled suggestion that the
time for such a move might be op
portune conveyed in the German
note, will not be heeded by the white
house. The United Press learned on
highest authority today that acting
on advice of the embassies at Lon
don and Paris, the administration will
It was learned today that the
statement of Carl W. Ackerman, the
United Press correspondent that cer
tain officials at the German capital
believed the time opportune for an
other trip by Colonel E. M. House, oc
casioned no surprise at the white
house. It is no longer a secret that
Germany Is anxious to get under way
the preliminary steps to peace nego
tiations. Any inclination that the
United States government or Prest
dent Wilson personally might have
had
:M•
anil Coustttutum-JBemotrat*
KEOKUK, IOWA, MONDAY, MAY 8, 1916
NEAR 1H S SIDE
Waiting to Pounce Upon Mu{
niitdon Ships Which
Are Bound for
Europe.
TO TORPEDO ORDUNA
German Commerce Raider on the At
lantic Attempted to Capture
French Liner
Recently.
KBIW YOIEK, May 8.—Convoyed by
one of several German commerce raid
ers, which are believed to have es
caped from Kiel, two Teuton subma
rines are reported to be at large In
the Atlantic.
A report was in clrcnlation here to
day that orders had been issued from
Berlin to German submarine com
manders to torpedtf the Orduna, a
Cunard liner, carrying a tremendous
cargo of munitions and 300 passengers
Germany, according to rumor, would
seek by this act to prove that subma
rine warfare could be carried on legit
imately, the plan being to carefully
unload the pasengers and crew be
fore sending the Orduna to the bottom.
Officials of the Cunard line denied hav
ing any information of this nature. No
wireless reports have been receive-1
from the .vessel since she sailed May 2.
Th story of .the submarines being
sighted and the belief that they were substituted.
headed toward America is based on
the account of a mid-ocean attempt of
two apparent raiders to capture the
French" liner Venezia April 29, 1,200
mlleB out from Bordeaux and enroute
to tha Upiteu States.
Several shots were fired at the Ven-
It is pointed
]d
It is now confirmed that the Sun
day attack on the east bank of the
Meuse was made, by large German
forces on a front of about one and
a quarter mile. Germans attempted
to break through the French lines be
tween Haudromont wood and Fort
Douaumont, but despite heavy sacri
fices In men, penetrated only a 500 ed on her starboard was visible.
yard sector of the first line trenchcs. Within less than an hour a second
out that the tw6
ft standln off New
York harbor,
^,altion
of
advantage to
Intercept munition ships.
According to the crew of the Ven
ezia, now in New York, their vessel
was approached from port at noon,
April 29, by a black, two-funnelled,
3,000 ton craft which bore no name
and wa3 without a flag. A gun moaint-
ward one another and meeting
A violent battle continued through- astern the Venezia, were in xnver- ^"^^^M^isspp Valey Suf
.t last night on the west baak of nation for a few minutes. At this
out last night
the Meuse northwest of Verdun, and
was still In progress early today. Hill
304 was the center of the most des
perate struggle.
At this point the second vessel,
(Continued on page 2.)
Will Make no Move Toward Peace
Until Allies' Promised Attack
of taking steps toward peace when
his advances might be rebuffed. Pro
posals must come from both, or the
suggestion from one side must be in
such form that his government will
have reason to believe it will be ac
ceptable to the other.
There Is a general feeling in ad
ministration circles that peace with
out another winter campaign is pos
sible, even probable, but the first
move is a matter of months rather
than weeks. There is hope that peace
definite form
make no move in the direction of suggestions may take a
peace proposals until the promised I before snow flies. But this depends
grand offensive of the allies shall
have been made.
upon two things: success of the al
lied offensive or Germany's back
down from her present terms.
According to the best information
of the administration, the long talkei
of great offensive by the allies is by
no means certain to develop. The
apparent failure of the German offen-
terially increased as a result of the which Germany has characterized
settlement ot the German controversy as a violation of international law.
would be completely nullified were
an attempt made to bring the hostill-1 Germany Discussing Peace.
ties to an end at this time. BERLIN, May 8.—Direct word from
President Wilson has no intention hWashlacUm that President Wilson
Germans.
It is admitted that the German ^e-! ment^ there was int.of
ONDON, May 8.—'Marine Ineur
rates have not been affected by
declaration-in the German reply
to the United 8tates that boat
commanders have been ordered to
modify submarine warfare. The
rates have bcett practically stationary
for the past three weeks.
BERLIN, May 8.—In renewal of
"the drive on Verdun from the north
west German troops have captured
the entire trench system on the north
ern slopo of Hill 304, the war office
announced this afternoon. The Ger
mans took 1,420 French prisoners.
MAY THROW DEVIL
OUT OF CHURCH
Methodist Episcopal Convention Sug
gests Substituting the Word
Sin for the Other.
SCARATOGA, N. Y„ May 8.—Radi
cal changes in the service of the
Methodist Episcopal church weie pro
vided in a revised ritual which was
submitted to the general confoience
today for action. This marked the
third attempt at revision, previous
efforts in 1908 and 1912 having
proced unsuccessful.
Among the changes suggested by
the revisionists was a proposition that
the word "devil" be stricken from all
passages and that the word "sin" be
A service for the burial of children
and receiving them Into the church is
also provided.
The words "and with my worldly
goods I thee endow" are stricken from
the marQ^eu-service on the ground
that the cerem'ony ifself Implies com
mon ownership of property.
Phrases intended to imply that the
recurrection would be of the body in
stead of the spirit also are rejected
such as "yet in my flesh I shall see
God."
Lively discussion was expected to
day when the proposition was laid be
fore the conference.
Mrs. Catt Speaks.
f«wn theStarboard 'be known about many other subjects.
of/vomoj
The pursuing boats stj^med to-j^K^
MINNEAPOLIS. 'Minn., May 8.—
-Together they know all there is to be
about ail BUbjects,'*
fa^|Carrie chapman Catt,
rS.rt.o Mle str©Rniers were th". dw
seen arising from near the side of
the second of the pursuing vessels.
These the Venezia's crew believe
came from submarines.
TEXAS
said Mrs.
New York, ad-
session here today. FiVe hundred
women from twenty-two Mississippi
valley states are here.
Coney Island is to make a $1,000,000
trolley terminal, work on which will
soon be commenced.
will accept Germany's submarine
concessions, has caused the greatest
satisfaction here. The, public now
believes the German-American con
troversy definitely closed.
The newspapers are now discuss
ing the possibility that President
Wilson may prove acceptable to
Germany as a peace mediator
when the time comes to end
the world war. Certain of the papers,
commenting guardedly, point out that
the peace reference in Germany's re
ply affords the American executive
an opportunity to take a definite
move for peace.
"The German note contains one
passage which we consider of the
utmost importance," said Voerwaertz,
"namely the reference to the fact
that Germany has twice within re
cent months, declared its readiness
tor a peace which would secure its ^ejs
vital interests. In conservative pa-,
sive at Verdun and the terrible pers th= last few days the wpin-i
demonstrated that and it is known in|wllJ give Mr. Wilson an occasion to of the
official circles here that the allies arc JiaKe public the terms of peace which
to put forward feelers at his time,
have been off-set by the reports at the present time giving serious ^ViTson can perhans ta It was learned that «e president's
from ambassadors and
confidential,
consideration to the relative cost-»i £^letter
agents of the American government and values of a general offensive an.i) ™'d"UinJeaT^,® 'on Brandeis was received with a spir-
From both of these sources, the ad-|of the German empire. Gazette. "Fate has thrown such un-1
ministration learned that prospects of If the latter course is decided up-|heard of power in this mans lap that ifriend3 of Brandeis failed even in
this government exercising an im- on, it is recognized by the adminis-' jje could do still other things' for geting an agreement to vote at any
portant function in starting peace ne- tration that there is little probability bleeding, suffering humanity. Our
goitlations—prospects which have ma-jof England altering her present block- answer shows him the way."
't":jade
The majority
a
»tep.
-r forward &a a peace mediator Per-
fense is quite as formidable as that of forward as a peace mediator.
the allies. The Champagne battle: ^P® «»ia In the German note
'58
This no*e already may be on its way
to Berlin. The president and Secre
tary Lansing conferred last night on
its contents and the fact that publi
cation is being held up until this after
noon is believed due to the desire to
give time for the note to reach Ger
many.
The note which is saidjto be a,form-
al acknowledgment of the receipt of
the German reply, will Indicate pla'nly,
It la declared, that this government in
accepting the new pledges by Ger
manyy considers herself in- no way
bound to certain conditions laid down
in the German note.
SPRINGFIELD. 111.. May 8.—An
other "joker" in the new primary
law made its appearance today when
Secretary of State Stevenson an
nounced the republican state central
committee which meets here tomor-!
row cannot organize formally. Secre
tary Stevenson pointed out that the
primary law requires five days to
elapse after the canvassing board
completes its work before the secre
tary can issue certificates of election.
Therefore the members of the com-
through the organization tomorrow as
though the members carried certifi
cates of election and depend upon
the courts to ratify their action,
should any trouble ariBe.
WASHINGTON. May 8.—Just as
tne senate judiciary committee, urged
to action by a letter from President.
Wilson, prepared today to ballot on
,the confirmation of Louis D. Bran-
as
two aena,tors
tlon whlch seemed
losses, has been as great an object lion has been expressed that behind !definlt'ely postponed. that great tribunal only because I
lesson to the allies as to the
I the action of the American govern-j -^-^0 the senators were, members know him to be singularly qualified bv
Q, the comniittee
Jt wag underst0od
who
today
1n
of the German pa-
pers do not emphasize the peace ref
erence in the Gennan reply, possibly
fearing that English Journals will ac
ce-pt such editorial .comment as an.
indication ©f Germany's
sU
•h#i.
J|| THE WEATHER
Fair. Cooler. Warmer Tuesday
Local temp—7 p. m. 83. 7 a. m.
58.
Brief Note From President Wilson Issued To
day as an End of the Long Drawn
Out Dispute.
Possibility of Diplomatic Break is Eliminated
and Future Relations Will Depend
Wholly on Germany.
WASHINGTON, May 8.—President
Wilson will announce acceptance of
the German reply to his submarine
note late today. It is understood tho
president's position will be ouilined
in a brief note to Germany, to be made
public this afternoon by Secretary
Lansing.
The president is known to take the matter closed, without forwarding
position that the United States is deal-1 formal acceptance to Berlin.
Another Joker Found.
tng with Germany apart from any ne
gotiations with Great Britain and will
continue to deal with Great Britain,
without reference whatever to any
negotiations with Germany.
It may be stated on highest authori
ty that the president's position sum
med up briefly, Is an acceptance of
that part of the German reply which
covers the new German orders, and a
rejection of everything else.
The president's acknowledgment, it
is said, will eliminate possibility of a
break with Germany over anything
that has happened in the past.
elevator of the Chicago uIMn Eleva
tor company this afternoon. Fifty
thousand bushels of grain believed
consigned to the allies In Europe, aTe
stored In the elevator. The fire was
of mysterious origin.
Iff
TEN PAGES
Future relations, however, it will be
made plain, depend wholly on Ger-
many faer Btrict
i-j now orders she has issued to sub
marine commanders.
The decision to send a note to Ger
many resulted, it is believed from
the conference last night between the
president and Secretary Lansing. The
original purpose waa to consider the
a
Found His Body Today.
DBS MOFNiBS, Iowa, May 8.—Frank
Mundy, 23. was found dead In the
brush this morning, two hundred feet
from the home of Mrs. John Leggitt,
where last night he killed his wife,
the
aged 19, with a bullet through
mlttee who meet here tomorrow can jjeart because she had left him and
take no formal action as the five
days are not up until Thursday. At
At the same time the primary law re
quires the committee to organize
thirty days after the election. The
time limit expires tomorrow.
returned to her mother. Mundy had
then killed himself. Friends of the
dead girl said she left her husband
because he would not work, but ex
pected her to support him by working
In a glove factory. The murder took
The committee probably will go place at nine o'clock last night when
the girl stepped from the rear door of
her mother's home and encountered
her husband lying in wait. A few
words were followed by a shot and
the girl dropped dead. Neighbors
heard a second shot a few minutes la-
Fire in Elevator. Iter, but police searched all night for
CHICAGO, May 8.—Half of the fire Mundy, but did not find his body until,
fighting apparatus in Chicago was bat-j dawn this morning, a revolver by his
terlng a blaze at the LeClair avenue' side.
BRANDEIS RECOMMENDED
HIGHLY BY PRESIDENT
Letter to Senator Tells Why
He Was Nominated to be
Supreme Judge.
States Senate. My dear Senator: I am
very much obliged to you for giving
me an opportunity 19 make clear to
the judiciary committee my reasons
for nominating Louis D. Brandels to
fill the vacancy in the United States
supreme court created by the death
of Justice Lamar, for I am profound
ly interested in the confirmation of
the appointment by the senate.
"There Is probably no more import
ant duty imposed upon the president
in connection with the general admin
istration of the government than that
justice of the supreme court, of naming members of the supreme
objected. As a result, court, and I need hardly tell you that
attended
first meeting of the committee
months, was the chief objector.
which be urged quick action
tbe flnal
bro?*
near, again was named Mr. Brandels as a member ot
would not say. But learning, by gifts and by character
Senator Shields, of I for the position.
a a a a
1° 1 against Mr. Brandels: the report of
your sub-committee has already made
up
cam/'
It plain to you and to the country at
large how unfounded these charges
were. They threw a great deal mora
light upon the character and motive
of those with whom they originatc.1
than upon the qualifications of Mr.
Brandeis. I myself looked into them
definite future date. three Tears ago when I desired to
The president wrote the letter in make Mr. Brandeis a memoer of my
reply to a note from Senator Culber- cabinet and found that they proceeded
son asking for a statement of "the I for the most part, from those who
reasons which actuated the president 1 hated Mr. Brandeis. because be had r&
ln making the nomination." The- fused to be serviceable to them In the
president's letter follows:
"Hon. Charlss Culberson. United! jOantlmzsd an mi
-jailMi
:vfi 1
•'I
viS
AH
A
ITS W
ft
&
#1
adherence to the
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