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PAGE SPv I FOUR OATH !mv- ll ag air son. I1 4 & ft- •K-'' 1 Kg- DAILY GATE OITX and OITY—Bstabllsbed Conatitutlon-Deaiocrat FUBJJHHKD BT ..' -fe£" THE GATE CITY COMPANY^ 18 North Sixth Street. 1864. CONSTITUTION—Established 1847. DEMOCRAT—Established Consolidated March 26, 1888. CHIHB«—Established In 1892. Consolidated September 22, 189». OATH OTT and OONflTITUTICW-DEJMOCaiA'P-" Consolidated April S, 1916. C. F. Skirvin C. E Warwick .... Dally, except Sunday. Keokuk, Iowa ..August 2, 1916 The attainment of proficiency, the pushing of your skill with attention to the moat delicate shades of excel lence,- Is a matter of vital concern. Efficiency of a practical ly flawless kind may be reahed but there something beyond—a higher point, a subtle and unmistak able touh of love and pride beyond mere skill almost an inspiration, which gives to all work that finish which most art—which is art.—J. Conrad. TODAY'S BIT OF VERSE ENEMIES. A Our cabins \vete not far apart Tha hillside fields were steep. gt He thatched the roof that sheltered me i-v I helped him sow and reap. The border line bet wen was naught wii V. To rob us of our sleep. He came to me in doubt or need, Holding my counsel good. $ Our children pattered hand in hand, merry, sturdy brood, As we had wandered long before, By stream and sunlit wood. -, "_•"!/ "/.» Asunder Over endless plains And scaling hill on hill, The Emperors—the Emperors Bade us to bate and kill. We had no leave to question why, Urged by relentless will. He—He was of the prisoners! Wounded too weak to move! They struck our hands apart in wrath Dear Christ in Heaven above, When there are no more Emperors, Shall we be free—to love? —Aldia Dunbar, in Youth's Companion. Power dwells with cheerfulness hope puts us in a working mood, whilst despair is no muse and untunes the active powers.—Emer- fW«.« T? V-'- ll* r-v.' .k THE LAW OF SERVICE. Service is one of the most important essen tials of life upon this earth. Help others and you will help yourself, should be recognized as a rule of action in relation of one humanity with another. In its lowest form service id compulsory in its highest form it is voluntary. When all are lifted to this view there will be no need of "relief societies" or "united" or disseminate charity organizations for the re lief- of the distressed. Yet nothing in this day .lives which does not render service except the parasites. And these, whether plant or animal or human, are degenerates, working for a price and reporting each supposed "case" with an eye to garnering for their own benefit what ever publicity may result. What food for thought there is in this. USE THE GOVERNMENT. It lias been the fashion to decry the issu ance by the government of what has come to be known under the contractive as "Pub. Docs." Doubtless there is a waste of money, energy and brains in the preparation and! circulation of books and pamphlets from the government printing office, but there is always something of value to be found in the mass of stuff that loads the mails and goes to "our constituents" in regions far and near from the national capi tal. One something of value is Consular Re ports, issued by the department of state. And there .are a few others. The national depart ments were organized to do constructive serv ice, and too often our businessmen have ne glected the possibilities of expansion and im provement through their aid1. Secretary Eedfield of the department of com merce gives in the current issue of a popular magazine a few illustrations of the machine's workings. The department, which was orig inally coupled with that of labor under Presi dent Roosevelt, is now wholly given to promot ing American commerce abroad, and it, too, is responsible for some "Pub. Docs." Sometimes it is not necessary to go abroad .. get the commerce. Foreign representatives are all the time coming to America, and the simple fact that they can find a central bureau ©f information has large results. A contract for something like one hundred million dollars' ,r f..,v ...„ General Manager ...Business Managef Entered at the postoffice at Keokuk as seoond-olass •latter. SUBSCRIPTION RATES. rear Daily, bj mall, outside city, Daily* In Keokuk, per week Is is al •til xt W '..v, i' ?*, They forced us far away. The Emperors—the Emperors Took us to maim and slay! "i »'f If The simple faith of simple men We shared—by night'and day Until—the mighty Emperors—ffir* «w "try- cr li worth of cotton, covering five years' delivery, was consummated in this way. More importr ant was the opening,, of. Spanish market? to American coal. There* may be question as to the wisdom of some of the department's policies and methods. The purpose here is not to discuss that point at all, but to urge the wider utilization of every bit of information and aid thus offered. The machine is there. It is operated by our money and for our use. These are the days of great an4 quickly passing opportunity, Let us get all the value we can out of our government service for trade expansion. &>, CSM5' i.- WHY THIS RETICENCE? Letters from guardsmen, letters from army officials, letters from outsiders, theorists and troublemakers relating to guard conditions on the southern border are being written to the Chicago papers and published therein. State ments that there are discontent and discomfort amounting to real suffering on the part of some of the militiamen are given currency in these communications but, on the other hand, they are denied by government authorities. But the whole controversy- might be settled if more real information was to be had from reliablo sources as to just what the guardsmen are doing and where they are doing it. If there is reason for military secrecy, what is it Is the national guard being used to police the border and or ganized to serve until an agreement can be en tered into with Mexico that will stand some chance of giving reasonable security against in vasion of our territory1? Is everybody waiting to see whether Villa is really in the field with troops enough to make a sizable fight? There really seems to be no proof that our soldier boys are roughing it more than they should ex pect in a real military school. But the whole business is hidden behind a reticence that ap pears to be inexcusable. jr, If RURAL SCHOOL PROBLEMS. Under the direction of Commissioner of Edu cation Claxton the government is making a de termined effort to bring about the betterment of"rural schools. It is time that this was done children in the country are penalized by a loss of educational opportunities to an extent in some States that is a deplorable commentary on the commonwealths-permitting such conditions. Four states—New Mexico, North and South Carolina and Arkansas—had at the'last school census a school term, of less than one hundred days. On the average for the country the city schools were in session 184.3 days while rural schools were in session 137 days, again for city children of 44.3 days a year over children in the country. In the states of the south and southwest there were more than a thousand school districts which had a school term of less than one hundred days. fl|i But there is a worse factor in rural educa tion, and this is the low per cent, of attend ance. The average attendance in the rural schools of the country is slightly more than fif ty-one per cent. This means that only half of the rural school children do the work of any one day. Serious thought of this state of things reveals the danger it entails. We are facing a time when something must be done to get intel ligent people onto the land we must have more farmers and more intelligent farmers if we would get more out of the land. The disadvantages in social conditions and comforts of some "rural communities compared with the city have been realized and much has been said though little has yet been done about bettering things. But here is a menace that will keep more intelligent people away from our farms and act as a deterrent to the back to the land movement. If people cannot see opportunity to educate their children in the country they will stay in the cities. The feder al government is proceeding logically in first getting the facts, then giving them publicity and suggesting means of bettering conditions at a minimum of expense to state and local govern ments. There are school districts in Arkansas, Georgia, Maryland and Florida with school terms of less than fifty days and with attend ance averaging less than fifty per cent. The time should come, andl soon, when a state per mitting this should find a campaign to invite newcomers to its lands made impossible by its neglect of its rural schools. Atlantic coast summer resorts send no word of a shark having attacked anyone wearing a modish bathing suit. Apparently sharks occa sionally glance at the pages of the fashion periodicals. One reason the postmaster general favors penny postage appears to be because the de partment is furnishing one-cent service. is a poor safeguard. A health certificate from the New York City jiic"oflkdau worWorTittie ^^fothtag authorities may be a nice thine: to have, but it Colquitt, in the senate, will be under less temptation to take Texas out of the union long enonffh to lick Mexico. jaswV.'Wu/ieViA^-.V. ,'.-.£\ -YWi.. .W.* a*. ij-MT- w.- THE DAIJiY GATE CITT IOWA PRESS COMMENT. Cedar Rapids Republican: In the German papers they srkeak of 90 per cent of their wounded recovering suf ficiently to be sent 'back to their regl-' ments, while ohly a per cent and a fraction of them die of wounds. What the surgeons and doctors. have been able to do in this-war is quite as re markable as'what 4be diplomats and peace makers have not been able to do. The medical profession will have to be given as much, if not more credit than any other one agency'op erative in the war zones. Waterloo Courier: Chicago h.M started a campaign to lock up all the fools in the city. How business is to be transacted thereafter has not de veloped. .. Ottumwa Courier: England today has thousands of munitions^ plants and is making its very best effort to in crease the number and the total out put. The United States is trying to discourage munitions plants by threat ening to build a government plant, "to take the profit out ot war." Congress has yet to learn that the only profit in war belongs to the side that wins. Sioux City Journal: The weekly newspaper that^moved its subscription rate from |1 to" $1.50 a few years ago is now moving it up* to $2. Most news paper publishers are more or less elee mosynary in their disposition, but they find they have to pay cash for paper, ink and labor and that it isn't possible to continue In business un less they make a profit. r. Cedar.Rapids Gazette: Mexicans entering this country are now given a gasoline bath to rid them of vermin. If we could only give the whole of -Mexico a ftatfc that would rid It of political vermin there might he some hope. It has already been fcathed in blood without any noticeable improve ment. Charles City Press: The Chicago papers which are featuring the mur der of young girls and miscellaneous crimes in general, have nothtng on the country papers that record the departure of Bill Jones- and John Smith, for Bungtown. Of the two features the latter is the more ele vating and the less objectionable. A a a Cedar Rapids Gazette: The Des Moines Capital Is making some ob jection to the method in which W. L Hardlng secured his nomination through the alleged trickery oi dem ocratic support. The Capital, it is also understood, objects to Harding on moral grounds. Has the Capital, or anyone concern ed witfi it, any recollection of a forged cablegram, purporting to be from the then Minister Conger, Peking, China, said forgery being employed at a re publican state convention in Cedar Rapids for the purpose of influencing a gubernatorial nomination? there any recollection about the Capital office that the fraud was de tected, exposed .and confessed? Newspaper Cost Mounting. Kansas City Star: Newspapers generally have assumed that the public was not interested in their business arrangements. Such an un precedented situation has arisen, however, in connection with the ad vance in the cost of prtnt paper— and. for that matter, of practically everything that enters into news paper production—that newspapers all over the country are being com pelled to make readjustment of ad vertising and subscription rates to meet the new condition?. a Voice of the People [The Gate City does not assume responsibility for views expressed by correspondents.] Grafters and Grafting To the Editor of The Gate" City "Most of us are in many ways very selfish, some for their own personal sakes, and some tor the community sake. Some are jealous If a city improvement Is made and which does not directly ^benefit tbeonselves. It is hard Ito see any good in a piece of walk which we ourselves never expect to use. Yet we are all called on to repress our own little preferences, and for the sake of the common good support all proper action though the direct benefit may not be ours. But while good citizenship calls on every one to efface himself and 'his own inter ests In order that the entire toody social may be benefited, still good citizenship does not demand of us that we shall quietly see any one use his official position and the pub lic funds to improve his own private interests. Suppose walks are to be laid or streets improved so long as every ome may, not be accommodat ed some walks' and streets neglected, the wise official will see to it that his own premises are the last to be serv ed. And when any sutih official, whether he be great or small, in Chicago, Keokuk or Hamilton, uses his power to advance his own inter ests first, his course Is condemned by all, whether they say so or not. He may think he is playing good politics, tout sooner or later he will find hie public career at an* end even though he 4e as was ever Boss Tweed. The man or the men who take care of them selves first In all municipal affairs are Jnst a» Httle and ae mead as strong men on a sinking vessel who fight women and children so that they themselves may have places in grafters. It reflections on we gr*.nt- lon* Without Exception Entertainment Features I VH# -i V. fa I'M I A 4 .1* $ 1 fv •v .irr* c, & his own natural eelfiahneas subject himself to public criticism, will at last fird that the open critic has been a better friend than is he who slashes behind his back. capable as, Exchange street 7%ere is no house on Exchange street bearing that num ber. What would be 215 is a vacant lot. and I live more than a mile northwest otf this locality. are eager tar the places, pay or no pay, their oaths and their own consciences should hold them to strict account. And the man or woman who thinks It is not worth while to say anything about Uttle delinquencies, becomes in some measure partlceps criminis. And a public official who may through i: c-1 Oar reason for not mentioning names is one that I stepposod was generally understood. These families the tocats. Getting money or advant- come to ue in confidence, telling us age to which we are not morally as their troubles and In our endeavor to well as legally entitled is grafting! aid them we find ft very helpful to and those who thus make gain are shield them from socne naturally our ls no pleasure to cast1 ious and otherwise meddlesome peo- pie. To those who are genuinely in terested, the United Charities has never failed to give the name and ad dress of family. We are It a rule to refuse these Dacts to those who call uj over the telephone and Tefuse to give their own name. The board of directors of the Unit ed Charities, together with a young lady, are raising all the money neces sary for office expenses. I have never juvST: Ruth Law, Queen of Aviation, OF THB IOWA STATE FAIR EXPOSITION women, will fly both day aad aight, looping day aad might, Two Days of Auto Races, Great Western Circuit Eight Bands and Orchestras wm foraiah aiMic for the occasion The Last Days of Pompeii Elfreida Naia, will take part. 'U ,y Newest and Best What .Wages Shalt a Tefophoie 23-Sept -L 1916FIS5E Offers a Program of Education and Entertainment Sixty-two Time* Biger, Better, and Brighter Than Can Be Found Anywhere pityt of Fiald, Orchard and Gardens Dairy Show Cow Te«t Exhibit Good Rooda Exhibit Tractor Show aad Doaonatratioas Jadgiof Contacts Bora' and Girla' Clab Da partmant Baby Health Contests 4 Diaplay of Machiaery, Enginea, Siioa. etc. that is aa expoeitioo ia itself. that wui please the moat critical.^ Company Pay Its Employees? What salary is fair for telephone superintendents, managers, engineers, linemen or operators? We endeavor to pay enongh to get capable men and women. vWell paid employees are usually this best investment. Inefficient employees are expensive at any price. We fnrthar aim to pay enough^ so our employees can live comfortably and be able to accumulate something. If we did not pay our superintedents^ managers and other *. supervisors reasonably good salaries there would be no induce-1 ment for younger people in the organisation to labor faithfully to reach these positions, and they, having nothing to look forward to and work for, would be much less efficient in their work.' Neither could we keep good men from leaving unless we paid them as much as they could get in other lines of business. Our rates are based upon the payment of a fixed sum for wages, and when wages are raised it means either that our*. revenues must be added to by an increase in rates or an additional sale of service, or money has to be taken out of the fund intended to hire more employees or which is to be used to otherwise main jg.. tain the service at a high standard. 4 We cannot pay lower dividends than we do and apply that -!/]to wages, for then we could not attract new money to the business for making extensions and improvements needed to take care of ^present and prospective patrons. It is the money we get from our patrons that we spend in laying our employees, and we think it is right that they should low what our policy is regarding wages. «. W ihi. Ti, Hamilton^ ®U., Aug. 1, 1916. I Mr. Olaaacoff Replies tv. to Mr. Watson. To the Editor of The Gate City: It was with considerable interest that 1 read the communication of "W. E. Watson in your issue of Aug ust 1st. My one reason for paying any attention 'to It is my desire to put the public straight on certain statements he has made. Mr. Watson states that the family lived at 216 hV* a asked a cent toward my salary. As occasion arises I am asking money for some needy family. This money is deposited In the Keokuk Savings bank in the Golden Book Fund and all expenditures fftqp this fund are made by check. DAVID A. GLASeCOFT. Keokuk, Iowa, Aug. 2, 1916. 1 Pacts About Mexico. Philadelphia Ledger: Notions about Mexico, among those who do not often look at maps, are summed up in a general idea that it is "a small coun try tacked on to the southwestern corner of the United Slates." As a matter of fact, the greatest distance In Mexico, in a straight line, from Lower California to Yucatan, is the same as that betwen the western boundary of Pennsylvania and the eastern boundary of California. So far from being entirely routhwest of us, the eastern end of Mexico is on a meridian further east than that on which Chicago lies, and is little more than 100 miles from the western end of Cuba. Mexico lies rather south than southwest of the central point of the United States. Its area, 767.000 square miles, is more than one-fourth this country's. It is not often realised how far north and south the ni»wHny border runs. Its northernmost point is about 200 miles north of New Or leans and the other endnt the border is nearly the same distance south of that city. Some Idea of slsea can be had from the areas of, some of the thirty states and territories tn the neighboring repuMle. Chihuahua is mmmmmm RETURN Fl»p. the GfMtMt Live Slock Show io the world Magnificoot Df* holder of the «orire^^ •vary eight ia front ia which aoted dirt ia the world of nadevilla of the Graadetaadl race aeetiag ia connection with the fair* II You Enjoyed Other rain. You Will Enjoy This One More ^11 1 track drivers, tacladiag Miaal twice as big aa Pennsyh ora, another border state, large aa Chihuahua. In however, Mexico is saily] There ase only twenty per Bquare mile. The vast st undeveloped country in it part of the United States number per square mile to] more than Mexico's, but ir so young an art In our west] co that it is not easy.^cl what its greatest develt produce. It 1s estimated could support a populate 000,000 more than the 15,(1 there, and by the same to*i habitants of the western Ut are one-tenth in number] whom development will ef There is preserved In] College of Surgeons, in is probably the very ear men extant of an artlflc the kind. This remark considerably over 2,000 having been unearthed it a tomb at Capua, which least as far back as 300 for beauty of shape and of construction it mlghi many of those turned out] If the expenditure of the war continues to the on the same scale ad dur nine months, the total sid mencement of the war wifl $12,600,000,000, in additioi 9400,000,000 advanced to trie*.