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The daily Gate City and constitution-Democrat. (Keokuk, Iowa) 1916-1922, November 22, 1916, Image 1

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Josef, Tor Sixty-eight
Years Ruler
of
4EW RtiLER IS YOUNG
I Charfe* Franols Joseph HM Had
Thorough Military Education,
m- But Lacks Knowledge
of Diplomacy.
[United Press "Leased "Wire Service.]
IXXNiDON, NOT. 22.—Byes of Europe
I were turned today on the Ardhduke
Charles' Francis Joseph, now to be
emperor of Austro-Hungary. Al
thongtfi Vienna has so far withheld
official
court confirmation ,6f the
I
death of the aged Emperor .Franz
Josef, Me demise has been confirmed
in special dispatches from various
I sources.
The new ruler of the nation whose
demands on Serbia precipitated the
great war. Is twenty-nine years of
acre, and is now supposed to be at
fj&uftont, in command of Austrian
1 troops'operating in the Ciun^tWaifs
I against the Rumanians. Undoobted
I ly be has already been summoned to
I Vienna.
With the prospect that the new
[sovereign may have an important
bearing on the future In the war, bis
character and disposition has been
the subject of deep study by all
I Europe.
Democratically Inclined, very little
liras known of trim up to the time
*b,assassin's bomb murdered the
Archduke Francis Ferdinand, the
heir, in Sarajevo, June 18, 1914. The
min who now becomes Austria's
ruler is known to have a good mili
tary education and has achieved
I lorae success as a military cofiixnand
|er in the great war.
He has lacked any training what
ever In state craft or diplomacy.
Moreover he assumes the throne at
a time when the strongest of men
I would have a task in maintaining
the empire of AustrojEDungary Intact
and strong. Hungary Is growing rest
ive under the Hapsburg yoke. Strong
leaders of men have recently appear
ed there. They fear the swallowing
up of Hungary In the Teutonic em
pire and have not hesitated to ex
press that belief and work for Hun
[Sary as a separate kingdom.
But immediate resnlt of the remov
lal of the strong figure of the aged
emperor was believed here to mean
(11
Increase in Prussian domination
of the central empires. Franz Josef
acknowledged one of the strongest
rulei* of modern times, is no more.
A stripling, unversed In state craft,
succeeds him. Germany will prob
»Wy find him pliant in acceding to
I Prussian wishes.
Dispatches from Vienna via Am
I eterdam today, declared that the aged
emperor's death was peaceful.
Vienna, It was said, had been pre
Pared for the news, but nevertheless
1 T'
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(Continued on page S)
hi
3 kv'
Xhe Telegraph service of The
Daily Gate City and Constitu­
-Democrat is received over
our own leased wira,
tion
YOU i23. NO. 123.
Country,
Died at 9 O'clock
$'•" Last Night.
WORKERS WAGES INCREASED
\&'r
I twenty Millions Added to Pay
Rolls so Far During
This Month.
fUnited Press Iieased Wire 8ervie.]
NEW YORK, Nov. 22.—Increases
I wages to empldyes in factories.
I mills and on railroad^, all over the
I
united States which will amoant to
I approximately $50,000,000 annually,
laave been announced since Novem
|oer l.
Fbllowieg two other increases of
I ten per cent each and one restoring
of 12% per cent, the United
«ateS Steel corporation has airaounc-
l2Lanother
ten
D®r
06114
effecting 20,-
IWO employes and win add about $20,
IJPyM) to the corporation's payroll.
et*ect
December 18.
On May last, the corporation an
nounced an increase of ten per cent
ana on February 1 a raise of about
*JJ*™* proportion was announced.
evionaiy, a cut that had been made
the deprsastan rf l»ie, «u
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ON THE WAY TO
SUPREME COURT
Test Case to Determine Consti
tutionality of the Adamson
Eight-Hoar Law, Being
Rushed Through.
SETTLED BY NEW YEAR
Speed
Aft
Along the Line Might Bring
the Matter to Final Hearing
Before Law la In
Effect.
[United Pr^ss Leased "Wire Service]
SCANSAS CITY, Mo., Nov. 22.—
Judge Wallace C. Hook in the federal
court here today held that the Adam
.son eight-hour law is unconstitution
al and Invalid. Judge Hook refused
to grant the motion put by the
federal attorneys asking that Che
application of the receivers of the
Missouri, Oklahoma and Oulf railway
for an Injunction against thd Adam
son law, be dismissed.
Attorneys for the government are
expected to appeal the case to the su
preme court at once, which will make
this case the test case to determine
in the highest court In the land, the
constitutionality of Ae law.
Judge Hook made his decision at
11:18 o'clock this morning.
"My decision was merely to rush
the case to the supreme court as rap
idly as possible," Judge Hook said aft
er the decision. "I have given the
government until three o'clock to,
perfect an apgsal to th* htghfcr^court."
Francis M. "Wilson, United States
district attorney, and Frank Hager
man. special counsel for the. govern
ment. intimated that the appeal would
be ready "by or before three o'clock."
Judge'Hook's decision follows:
"This is an Independent suit to en
join the enforcement of a recent act
of congress, commonly called the Ad
amson law, upon the ground that It is
contrary to the constitution. In the
character of the averments, the plain
triffs' bill of complaint is staged to be
typical of a number recently filed by
railway companies in various district
courts of the United States. A mo
tion to dismiss has been presented in
behalf of the defendant United States
attorney.
'"The sole question raised by it is
that of the constitutionality of the
law. The court is informed that oth
er cases stand on application for tem
porary injunction. An appeal from an
order granting or refusing tempor
ary injunction goes to the circuit
court of appeals and not further by
ordinary procedure, while an appeal
from a final order or decree In such
a case would go direct to the su
preme court of the United Statets. In
the former a decision would be incon
clusive in the latter a decision would
definitely settle thev question f&r the
whole country. The motion to dls
nolss the case however it Is decided
will promptly result in a final decree
from which an appeal will be taken to
the supremi court. The assistance
of this court has been invoked to fa
cilitate a final and authoritative oe
termination of the constitutional
question. The case was presented
b&t yesterday and a decision is de
sired today. It is far from being an
agreeable duty for a judge to record
a judicial' conclusion without the
care and deliberation essential to a
(Continued on page 1)
BY MANY BIG CONCERNS
restored. The raise in steel workers'
wages follows an announcement of
price advances in many iron and steel
products.
Almost simultaneously with the
steel corporation's announcements
the American Woolen Co., employers
of about 36,000 persons in New Eng
land and New York state announced
a ten per cent wage increase. The
Arlington Mills at Lawrence also an
nounced "an advance in wages." The
Cotton Manufacturers' association of
New Bedford, granted 33,000 em
ployes a ten per cent advance.
The Eastman Kodak Oo. of Roches
ter. N. Y„ his ordered increased for
all employes now drawing |S0 & week
or less. The Glove Manufacturing
Co., of Gloversville, N. Y., has an
nounced increases which will amount
approximately to $300,000, a year.
The Westinghouse Electric Co., at
Pittsburgh the Northern Pacific
railroad Georgia Coal Mines the
A damn Wells-Fargo and Western
Sxpresg companies have announced
increases. In each Instance the ad
vanced cost of living waa given as
(h« reason.
10 NIM
One of the Biggest Boats in
the World, Sunk by Tor
pedo or Mine in the
Aegean Sea.
FIFTY LIVES ARE TAKEN
Un-
Ship Was Striotly One of Peace*
armsd and Carried Over
One Thousand
People,
[United Press Leased Wire Service.]
LONDON, Nov. 22.—The British
hospital ship Britannic, probably for
merly the White Star liner of that
name and one of the biggest ships
afloat, was sunk In the Zea channel
of the Aegean sea yesterday.
The admiralty announced today
that of those aboard, about fifty were
lost, twenty-eight were Injured and
1,100 saved.
The admiralty announcement de
clared the vessel bad been sunk by
a mine or torpedo.
The Britannic never had engaged
In trans-Atlantic service, not having
been completed at the outbreak or
the war. She was turned over to tne
government and fitted out as a hos
pital ship, with cots for 2,500 men.
She carried usually in addition to
patients, two hundred nurses and or
derlies and 100 surgeons, besides her
crew of about 900 men, the line of
fices said.
The Britannic as a hospital ship
was operated solely by officers of the
White Star line. At the local office
it was stated the ship was strictly a
non-belligerent.
The ship was withdrawn from gov
ernment service, according to reports
to the New York office and taken to
a ship building yard about a month
ago to have her passenger accommo
dations rebuilt. They expected her
to be placed in trans-Atlantic service
within a shoTt time. Nothing has
been heard of the ship since word
was received that she was to be re
built.
It was stated bere that the Brit
annic was commanded by Captain C.
B. Bartlett.
The Britannic was the largest Brit
ish ship afloat and was second only
to the Vaterland, the huge German
passenger vessel, in tonnage. She
displaced 48,158 tons. She was pro
peUed by three screws.
Former White Star Liner.
NEW YORK. Nov.' 22.—-Lacking
Star line bere were today practically
certain tbat the -hospital ship Britan
nic, sunk by a torpedo or mine in the
Aegean sea, was the Britannic of
their line—the biggest British pas
senger ship afloat
They base their belief on two
points— I
First, the liner Britannic oomplet
ed only last year, bad immediately
been requisitioned by the admiralty
for hospital service.
And. second, tbat the only other
Britannic of British registry listed
.COBttlMnfl on Mm
Ant Coiutittttfoo^BtiiuttraL
KEOKUK, IOWA,
WEDNESDAY, NOV. 22, '16
Embargo on Foodstuffs
Requested of Congress
Fitzgerald Will Introduce Such Measure as Soon as
cember Session is Started
.[United Press Leased Wire Service]
WASHINGTON, Nov. 22.—Announcement that he will introduce a resolution calling
for an embargo on foodstuffs as soon as congress convenes, was made today by Representa
tive Fitzgerald of New York, chairman of the house appropriations committee.
"Thejre axe two reasons why congress should embargo foodstuffs," said Fitzgerald^in
a formal statement. "Arid first it is the most effective weapon in our controversy with
Great Britain over her unwarranted outrages and indefensible blacklist of American
chants.
"Second, the embargo should be imposed for purely domestic reasons. The prices or
foodstuffs have reached levels that are bringing widespread distress to the coup.try.
HOW TO GET FAT
ON 40 CENTS A DAY
Boxen People in Chicago Are
on Diet Arranged by Health
Commissioner at a
Low Price.
THE DAY'S BILL OF FARE
Menu Includes Such Extravagant
Items as One Egg, Baked
Potatoes and Real
Butter.
[United Press Leased Wire Service.]
CHICAGO, Nov. 22.—Health Com
missioner Robertson's diet squad took
its first swing at the high cost of liv
ing today and landed right between
the eyes. Six men and six women,
hand-picked and carefully weighed,
rose from the first breakfast of the
forty cent a day menu, laughing and
enthusiastic over the meal.
Dr. Robertson's boast that the squad
would get fat on the forty cent a day
rations didn't seem so absurd after all,
they agreed.
Here is the first menu of the two
week's demonstration by which Dr.
Kobertson expects to show housewives
throughout the United States how to
do it on forty cents a day:
Breakfast.
Fresh Apples.
Liver and Bacon./
One Egg Muffins.
Butter.
CofTee.
Luncheon.
Creamed cod fish.
Baked potatoes.
Cora bread.
Butter.
Cocoa.
Dinner.
Vegetable soup.
Pot roast.
Sauted parsnips.
Cr&nberry sauce.
Rice and Raisin pudding.
Tea.
Before sitting down to their first
meal today each of the twelve dieters'
pledged themselves not to eat or drink
anything except water during the two
week's test. Dr. Robertson's one con
cession was to allow men to smoke
and women to chew gum—non swal
lowed luxuries, he explained, which
will not affect the weight-of the squad.
Real butter is used. Boiling milk,
which Dr. Robertson says gives the ef
fect of cream, is used in coffee. Meats
are served to the squad in the kitchen
o. the school of domestic arts and
science at 6 North Michigan at «:20
a. m., 12:15 p. p. and 5:30 p. m.
English Peace Ideas.
.v '7 ^.'^
''My. x••,
so,.
MONARCH'S LIFE ENDED
AT
Eight of Them Known to Have Been
There When Mexican Outlaw
Marched Into the
LONDON, Nov. 22.—Discussing
peace with a group of American
newspaper correspondents today,
Lord Derby declared that any pro-1lng S»ve11 ...
posal from Germany at this tioio 'vlce consul, and they remained. Koch
would
of its
be met with the consideration
worth. He added that "*t-
Proposal giving up what we are fight
ing for, will not be considered for an
instant," and that England's position
still is exactly as Lloyd George out
lined in his recent interview with the
United Press.
Three Burned to Death.
SANTA ROSA, Calif., Nov. 22,-^Fwo
children, the sons of Clyde LeBarron,
wealthy dairyman, and a Mrs. Nash,
who was caring for them, were bHined
to death during- the night at Valley
Ford, eighteen miles west of here
when the Le Barron homestead was
partially destroyed by flames. Word!
of the tragedy reached here today.
Town.
[United Press Leased Wire Servica.]
NOGALES, Ariz., Nov. 22.—What
happened. at Tarral when PanCho
Villa's bandits rode into that city,
was told here toCay by four weary
Americans, emaciated and worn after
seventeen days of travel over moun-.
tain and desert, making quick dashes'
at night and hti'ing throughout the
day.
Safe and sbund in an American
hotel, F. J. Hawkins, Jr., Lewis
Webb, Bernard McDonald and A. W.
Morris told their story when they
awoke refreshed after nearly twenty,
hours sleep.
At the head of 5,000 men, they
said, Villa rode into Parral Novem
ber 3. Carranzista troops, they as
serted, offered no opposition. The
bandit's first act was to Imprison all
foreigners who remained in the city.
Led by Hawkins, the four Ameri
cans fled from Parral at Villa's ap
proach and hid outside the city.
Through a Villista guard they ex
changed messages with foreigners in
side the city until they fled a few
days after Villa's arrival. Two hun
dred and fifty miles across the moun
tains, infested with Yaqul Indians
and Villista sympathizers, they fled
oir foot until they reached Culiacan,
whence they came to the border by
rail.
Webb and McDonald are certain
that eight Americans were caught in
Parral wnen Villa swept in. Hawk
ins believes all eight have been
massacred, but the others thought
there was a possibility that some
might have escaped. Fifty Chinese
and twenty or more Syrians and
Turks were massacred by Villa's
orders, according to word which
reached the four Americans while
they were hiding outside of Parral.
The foreigners who remained in Par
ral. they said, failed to heed the warn
by Edward Koch, German
Howard Gray.
Jake Meyer, a merchant
Thomas Flanagan, a physician.
W. C. Bryan, reputed to be a
of Wm. Jennings Bryan.
••'/•J
p$
/Je^i
mer"
Fifty Chinamen and Twenty
or More Syrian* and TurkS
Were Butchered by
•. Villistas.
PROBABLY AMERICANS
LO LEGION
BEEN FOUND
[By J.
w.
Jones beckoned with his bayonet
and another American Tommy came
up. He was Fred Mulien, of Duluth,
formerly of the Twenty-second United
States infantry. Mullen escorted the
visitor to the temporary barracks and
headquarters while Jones—a twelve
year man of the United States army—
resumed his swingings-stride along the
crest.
There was something un-British
about the sentry's long pace and the
slight forward stoop of his (body as
he disappeared into the early evening
gloom. Mullen explained that the le
gion doesn't both about a man's
walk if it get him there.
"If you know how the World's series
came out, I'll present you to Major
Hart," ottered Mullen. "He's original
ly from Brooklyn and put in twenty
two years in the American army. Part
of his service was in the Seventy-first
New York of New York CiAy in Cuba.
In later years he was chief military in
structor and disciplinary officer at El
mira, X. Y., reformatory."
Major G. L. Hart, a big muscular
soldier, with a scowl engraved on his
leathery face, explained that things
were still upset because they had
marched into camp only a few hours
ago. The legion had spent weeks un
der canvas in muddy, rainy weather.
Their new quarters were army huts—
long narrow buildings painted a battle
ship color and set around in squares
on a plateau.
"It wasn't that I tjhought they'd
win," said Hart, when told the worst
about the Brooklyn Robins, "but I had
fled to Santa Rosalia and Hawkins
thinks he may huve been slain there, [United Press Leased Wire Service]
The names of the eight Americans: DENVER-. olo., Nov.
believed trapped at Parral are: ment of long standing differences bo
W. E. Palmer, superintendent Dur- tween the cattlemen and (he big
ango railroad.
C. Colwell. mill foreman.
Andrew Urquhart, mine foreman.
Wm. Scott, merchant.
Dr. Cordova, a Mexican physician,
who has just arrived here, confirmed
the Americans' statement. He exhib-
1
(Continued on page 2)
(Continued on page 2.)
packing companies, concerning the
marketing of ii--o stock, is promised
In a conference which has been
arranged between the market ctni
otjsin mittee of the National Live Stock
association and the heads of pack'iig
•mmm
icons Who Joined Can
an Troops, Are Anxious
ly Awaiting Chance
to Fight.
ONE MAN IS FROM IOWA
Every Member Would Like Chance
to Blacken Eye of Fellow
Who Called Them
Tramps.
Pegler, United Press StaJi
Correspondent.]
ON THE ENGLISH COAST, Nov. 10
•—(by mail)—The "lost" American leg
ion of Canada's army was found today
by the United Presb.
Two drafts o*. real Americans al
ready are at death gripe with the Ger
mans on the Somme and the rest wait
in an English training camp for the
signal to cross the channel.
The men enlisted to fight Germans—
but If any survivors ever get back to
America they will settle the grudge
with a deserter who gave his pals a
black eye in the American newspapers.
The United Press correspondent found
the entire camp seething with an
angry determination to find that etx
leglonaire and beat him within au inoh
of his life.
Frank Jones, of Oak Cliff, "Just over
the viaduct" from Dallas, Texas, sum
med up the legion's attitude as he
paused in his sentry beat on a rain
.swept hill overlooking the se*.
"There Isn't a man In the force from
the colonel down to me who wouldn't
give a month's pay for just one smash
at that guS^," he said.
"He got in as a temporary officer
and didn't make good. In a few weeks
he'd been down in the ranks as a: pri
vate. But be went over the hill to
ward Michigan when he heard we were
going to sail. Yellow, clear through,
that's his trouble. A yellow, parlor
soldier."
THE WEATHER
Unsettled. Fair and colder to
morrovr. Local temp—7 p. m.
40 7a.nL 39.
TEN PAGES
Western Rumania Was Over,
whelmed by German Forces
in Command of Von
Falkenhayn,
IN THE JAWS OF A VISE
Entire Rumanian Offensive May Cct*
lapse aa Reault of Surprising
Show of Strength by
the Enemy.
[United Prees Leased Wire Servie
LONDON, Nov. 22.—London made
no attempt today to disguise its feel
ing- of gravity of the German whirl*
wind advance Into western Rumania,
indicated in" the fall of Craiova.
Military experts" and economists
were greatly concerned to know
whether the Rumanians had sufficient
advance information of the speed of
the German enveloping movement,
engineered by General Von Falken
hayn to remove from Craiova the vast
stores of grain known to be there.
Germany, desperately needs such
wheat and hope is expressed here
that frapmentaoc advice* Indicating
that, the Craiova granaries had been
emptied long before the German oc
cupation, will be connrmed.
y^s yet no word has been received
direct from Bucharest, admitting
capture of the city by the Teutons, or
explaining what effect this capture
will have on the Rumanian campaign
In Wallaohia.
The London press made no disguise
today of the menace seen In the
amazing swift progress by which
General Von Falkenhayn's army,
swept into Rumania and took the
Wallachlan city. A temporary and
local collapse of the entire Rumanian
defensive was feared. What London
is most anxious now to ascertain ls^
whether the Rumanian artay, which
Von Falkenhayn's bold move sought to
envelope, can escape the jaws of the
German vise and successfully evada
crushing from the north and south
pressure. With Craiova in German
hands, the Rumanian railway com
munications to the Orsova sector are
cut off. The Rumanian army in this
Orsova section is in an exceedingly
precarious position.
pursuit of Bulgarians.
PARIS, Nov. 22.—Hot pursuit of the
retreating Bulgarian-German army,
forced out of Monastir, is still being
made by th® allied forces.
The Serbians in particular, heart
ened by the occupation of their an
cient city of Monastir, are pressing on
IrreBistably to the north, forcing back
the Teutonic line toward Ptilep. An
enormous store of supplies and mili
tary impederaentfl. abandoned by the
Teutons in the flight, has been cap
tured. No estimate of its value is yet
obtainable, but fragmentary advices
say included is a big- store of food,
railway rollinp stock and engineering
materials. All will be of inesttmable
value to General Serraile's forces.
Dispatches today indicated great ac
tivity by the Italian forces engaged
along the Macedonian front. Occupy
ing the front to the west of Monastir,
(continued on page 2)
PACKERS GROW RICHER
BUT NOT CATTLEMEN
Adjus'-
22.—
for the cattlemen will include H. A.
Increased Price of Meat Bene- jastro, Baker ?3eid. caiif. E. L.
fits Only One Side of the
Business, is Claim.
'Burke, Omaha: A. E. DeRicqles, Den
ver: Governor Kendricks, Wyoming
I. T. Pryor, Sa'T' Antonio, and" Walter
L. Fisher, former cabinet member,
counsel of the committee.
I The market commitee has been
'conducting an organized campaign to
secure data in information and to
urge federal investigation of charges
that if sustained would show that the
growers are sustaining losses in the
business while the big packing com
panies continue to enjoy enormous
profits, according to Mr. DeRicqles,
while the ultimate consumer 3h»r-a
in the loss of the grower in the extra
ordinary high priced obtaining for
food stuffs.
companies, to be held in Chicago De
cember 7, according to A. E. De
Ricqles, .secret-iry of the market cotr. "The facts brought out by our ^re
mittee. mittee," said DeRicqles, "has resulted
Ogden Armo'ir, Louis F. Swift, in the propositi for a conference in
Thomas E. Wilson and Edward the hope of securing an amicable ad
Cudahy will represent the packers at justment and co-ojeration in the pro
the conference, while the arbitrators posed federal investigation."
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