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The daily Gate City and constitution-Democrat. (Keokuk, Iowa) 1916-1922, December 12, 1916, Image 1

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-,i ••.£•
pi-" Tbe Telegraph service of The
Daily Gate City and Constitu­
r." ..
is received over
our own leased wire.
VOL. 123. NO.
[Proposal Today From Central Powers That
Peace Negotiations be Entered Into
Forthwith by Warring Nations.
Proposition for Ending War, According to Ger
many's Belief, is Appropriate for
Establishing Lasting Peace.
[United Prees Leased Wire Service]
BERLIN (via Sayville wire
leas) Dec. 12.—Proposals by
the central powers that peace
negotiations be entered into
forthwith were made in notejs
handed to representatives'of
neutral countries which are
representing Germany in the
belligerent nations today.
Chancellar Von Bethmann
HdHweg called the diplomatic
representatives of the United
States, Spain and Switzerland
to his office, one after the other
and handed this note to them.
The full text of the note will be
read in the reichstag today.
The chancellor asked the
neutral nations which repre
sent Germany and her allied
powers at the capitals of the
nations with which she is at
war to bring these proposals to
the attention of Germany's
enemies.**, '•'.
}. JThe proposition which Ger
many advances in these nego
tiations are according to Ger
many belief, appropriate for
the establishment of lasting
jkace. The governments at
Vienna, Constantinople and
Sofia transmitted identical
notes. The text was also com
municated to the Vatican at
Rome and to aJl other neutral
The exact text of the first
announcement of Germany's
intention, as wirelessed by the
official press bureau today to
neutral countries, was as fol
Greatly to Germany's Advan
tage if Peace Could be De
ll clared at Present.
IBy J.
T. MasijR, Written for the
United Press.]
NEW YORK, Dec. 12.—Germany's
Proposals for peace are made at a time
Vhen her armies have taken the of
fensive in the newest battle area and
•Mien the western front has reached
another deadlock.
The peace that Germany now wants
Is one with Teutonic troops occupying
enemy territory on practically every
The war Is yet far from having gone
to the knockout that David Lloyd-!
George demanded In his United Ptfess
Interview a short time before he be­!larger
came the British premier. On the con
trary. Germany's position now is not
lhat of a beaten antagonist. The Ger
mans occupy at the present moment
probably the highest position they wi-»
•"each. as far as practical purposes are
concerned, no matter how long the war
They have a cleir road to what they
-egard as the center of their future
"The chancellor this morn
ing received one after the oth
er, the representatives of the
United States of America and
Spain and Switzerland—that
is, of the ptates protecting Ger
man interests in hostile foreign
"The chancellor transmitted
to them a note and asked them
to bring it to the knowledge of
the hostile governments.
"The goto* will be read, com
plete today, in the reichstag,
by the chancellor.
"In the note, the four allied
powers propose to enter forth
with into peace negotiations.
"The propositions which
they bring for such negotia
tions are, according to their be
lief, appropriate for establish
ing lasting peace.
"The governments of Vien
na, Constantinople and Sofia
transmitted identical notes.
Terms were also communi
cated to the holy see and to all
mother powers."
'[By handing the note to (he repre
sentatives of the United States, SSpain
and Switzerland. Germany really trans
mitted it directly to her enemy nations.
Under existing conditions this is the
only possible course of diplomatic in
terchange between the central powers
end the entente allies.
The proceedure in transmission of
Germany's peace. proposals will be
identical in the cases sf all the neut
ral powers whose aid is invoked. The
diplomatic representatives of America,
Spain and Switzerland will forward
the note handed them by Bethmann
Hollweg to their respective capitals.
The foreign offices of state -depart
ments of these neutral nations will
then transmit the text of the Amer-
fContlnued on page 2.)
colonial empire In Asia Minor and they
are holding in check every movement
to break through the German defences.
It would be therefore, greatly to Ger
many's advantage if a peace could be
secured on this basis.
Nevertheless, Germany's losses in
man power are becoming constantly
much greater than the losses of any
one of their principal antagonists. At
(the same time the British government
has Just undergone reconstruction:
and France too, is evolving a scheme
*for greater efficiency. Under these
conditions, while Germany Is not over
thrown. the German militarists may
well feel that the future developments
of the war cannot hold out for Ger
many any better prospect than the
ceaseless killing of proportionately
more Germans than Frenchmen or
I Englishmen.
Germany must make large conces
sions to secure peace at present—far
than are indicated by the war
•boundaries on the map. But, whatever
Germany propose* as a basis for peace,
in her first declaration, probably will
not be her final word. The most im
portant fact of Germany's new atti-,
tude doubtless will be the definite
statement of tentative peace terms,
which later, may be taken as a start-
ing point for future elaboration and a
possible settlement.
..J -Y-
v- .*
Great Throngs Crowded About
Germah Reichstag to Hear
What Chancellor Had
to Say.
Had Been Announced That Addreaa
Would be of World ln
loreat at Thja
(.United Press Leased Wire Service.]
BERLIN, Dec. 12.—Great throngs
about the reichstag marked the Ger
man public's interest today in what
was expected to be the moBt important
meeting of that body since the start of
the war.
Expectancy was keyed to the highest
pitch as to what message Imperial
Chancellor Von Bethmann-Hollweg had
to deliver
It was announced semi-offlcially the
address would he of world Interest.
Newspapers have been indulging in
the liveliest speculation as to what an
nouncement the chancellor will make.
The public's interest was vouchsafed
in an unprecedented demand for tick
ets of admission to the galleries and
by great crowds that thronged the
Streets arotind the building wherein,
the session was to be held.
The chancellor, it was announced,'
expected to begin his address immed-!
iately after convening of the reichstag
and to occupy not more than a half
hour. After that the session will ad
journ at once.
Bethmann-Hollwpg's address will re
fer to military and political topics—
but its exact nature has been carefully
Practically every member of the
reichstag was in Berlin today for the
session. All members on duty at the
front were recalled for today's address.
Tom Murphy Retires.
[United Press Leased .Wire Service.]
BOSTON, Mass., Dec. 12.—Thomas
Murphy has retired. The famous
coachman who for forty-five years
guided tne steeds and played Santa
Claus for Edward D. Brandegee of
Brooklyn, today became a gentleman
of leisure. Before he left, the Brande
gees gave a reception at their man
sion which was attended by many
social people and Murphy was pre
sented with an oil painting of Mrs.
Brandegee and his favorite horse,
"Nip." Mrs. Larse Anderson was one
of Murphy's first pupils in the art of
Prayer v». Surgeon.
[United Press Leased Wire Service.]
CHIGAGO, Dec. 12.—The curative
power of prayer is to be weighed
against a surgeon's skill when the
jury in Judge David's court here con
siders the damage suit of Mrs. Fannie
Mitchell today. Mrs. Mitchell is suing
the Chicago Street Car Co. for $10,
000 for injuries to her spine. The
company alleges she resorted to
prayer and disregarded the advice of
the surgeon to be placed In a plaster
Mrs. Mitchell asserts she is a mem
ber of the Pentecostal church and has
entire faith In prayer.
Escaped From Submarine.
[United Press Leased Wire Service.]
PHILADELrfPHIA, Pa., Dec. 12.—
The Belgian* ship Kasbek, Captain
Sytor, is In port here today after
having been under the fire of a Ger
man submarine for ninety minutes
without being hit. The attack, ac
cording to members of the crew, oc
curred on November 16, near Gibral
tar. Two rapid firing guns of the
submersible were used for the bom
BERLIN, Dec. 12.—Kaiser Wilheim notified, his troops in the field today that he naa
made peace proposals to the enemy.
"Soldiers," his message said, "in agreement with sovereigns of my allies and witn
consciousness of victory, I have made an offer of peace to the enemy.
"Whether it will be accepted is still uncertain. Until that moment arrives, you will fight
Germany's Clean Up of Ru
mania Has Only Started
and Will Grow in
Retreating Armlet Are Burning Vil
lages, Destroying Food and
Wrecking the
[By (Carl W. Ackerfnan, United Press
Staff Correspondent.]
TERS, Dec. 12.—(By courier to Ber
lin and wireless to The United Press,
Dec. 12.)—Germany's campaign in Ru
mania has only started. Every Ger
man soldier is fitted with snow shoes
for the winter campaign—and all
wagons are so devwed that they can
foe transformed into sleds. Favored
by ideal weather, the forces of Field
Marshal Von Mackensen and General
Von Falkenhayn have acquired such
momentum with the fall of Bucharest,
that they will surge on farther Ihto
Rumania. Field Marshal Von Mack
ensen, by Bucharest's fall, is in a
position to swing masses of men and
artillery north, south, east and west,
with clear lines of communication.
The complete demoralization of the
Rumanian forces has permitted Von
Mackensen's troops to advance with
insignificant losses.
As General Von Kluck once de
clared in an interview for the United
Press: "One cannot postpone the op
portunity to fight, if one expects to
win the battle" and it is on this theory
that Von Mackensen is operating In
Rumania. There is every indication
that the Russians will have to fight
for their lives this winter—instead of
next spring, as General Brusiloff has
For the first time since Belgium
was crossed, newspaper correspond
ents were permitted to follow the Ger
man army without^ restrictions, al
lowed permission to live with the
troops and to watch bombardments.
Apparently acting under the influ
ence of Russia, the retreating Rumani
ans attempted to burn all cities and
villages which they evacuated, but the
German advance was so swift In man}
Instances, that this plan of destruc-
(Continued on page 2)
f» fic
rail Consitttution-ZDemocrat.
Kaiser Sends ^lessage
For/fAen to Fight
Soldiers in the Field/ Notuied of Peace Proposals, But
Told to Keep Up the Deadly Struggle
[United Press Leased Wire Service]
Germany's Peace Proposals,
According to Embassy Offi
cial, Are Merely Prelim
inary Talk.
Plan to Let World Know That If the
War Continues, It Is Not the
Fault of the
[United TSS Leased Wire Service.]
WASHINGTON, Dec. 12. Ger
many's peace proposals, according to
a German embassy official, will in
clude a suggestion that the territorial
status of the nations engaged, be
returned "practically" to what it was
before the war started.
The .exemptions are establishment
of independent kingdoms of Poland
and' Lithuania and some readjustment
of international .boundaries in the
On the latter question. It was Bald,
the situation Is so complicated, it is
hard at this time definitely to sug
gest anything like positive terms that
will be accepted by all belligerents.
The one concrete suggestion made,
is that Bulgaria probably will want
the return of the territory she lost
in the second Balkan war and it is
supposed Germany guaranteed this
when Czar Ferdinand cast his lot
with the central powers.
The peace terms, the United Press
informant said, include the evacua
tion of northern France, restoration
of the kingdom iof Belgium, at least a
partial restoration of Serbia and Ru
mania, and the return to Germany of
her lost colonies.
The factors which are said to have
led to the German peace proposals
at this time are:
The favorable military position of
the central poiwers.
The fact that the winter at hand
will necessitate cessation of hard
fighting for three months.
A desire to "smoke out" the allies
to announce just what ^.hey are fight
ing for.
Desire to convince the world and
the German people wherever they are,
that Germany is not fighting a war
of territorial conquest, and
Desire, if war continues, to let the
world know Germany will not be re
sponsible for further bloodshed.
The peace terms outline^, the Ger
man official intimated, are not neces
sarily Germany's final proposition.
"The important question is to find
out whether the allies will talk
peace," said this official.
"Germany makes the proposal in
order to find out whether it may be
more reasonable to stop the fighting
before eltW?r ?ide Is able to get in
what LloydrGeorge called, in his In
terview with the United Press some
days ago, "a knockout."
Although he has no appointment,
it is expected Ambassador Von Berns
torff will see Secretary I^anstag and
thoroughly discuss with him the
whole matter. It is believed pos
sible VonBernstorff may shortly ex
press a desire for an audience with
President Wilson.
The peace conference if it comes,
probably will be held either at Berne
or at The Hague, it wa3 predicted.
—Read Gate City advertisements.
I United Press Leased Wire Service.]
BERLIN, (via Sayville wirelesB)
Dec.. 12.—Chancellor Von Bethmann
tiollweg's statement to the reichstag
as issued by the press bureau is as fol
"Chancellor Von Bethmann-Hollweg
today announced In the reichstag that
uermfiny together with her allies, con
scious of their responsibility before
Gofi, before their own nation and be
fore humanity, had proposed this
morning to the hostile powers that
they enter peace negotiations.
"Practically all members of parlia
ment appeared In answer to an unex
pected summons.
"A crowded house and thronged gal
leries listened In respectful silence
wlien the chancellor. arose for his
speech, in which tig first odBtned the
extraordinary political situation and
then, Insisting upon the achievements
of the central powers, made the an
nouncement which possibly may act as
the turning point in the war, which for
more than two years' has held the
world under spell.
"The chancellor said it was fortu
nate that the reichstag had not been
adjourned, but the calling of the next
meeting had been left to the discretion
of the president.
'This decision.' said the chancel
lor, 'was caused by the hope that soon
hrfppy events in the field would be re
corded. That hope has been fulfilled
quicker almost than expected. I shall
be brief, for our actions speak for
'Rumania had entered the war In
order to roll up our position in the east
and that of our allies. At the same time
the grand offensive on the Somme had
for its object the piercing of our west
ern front and renewed Italian attacks
had as their purpose to paralyze Aus
tria-Hungary. The situation was ser
"'But with God's help, our troops
shaped conditions so that they give us
security, which, not only Is complete,
but still greater than ever before.
'The west front stands, not only,
but In spite of the Rumanian campaign,
is outfitted with larger reserves of men
material than it had been formerly.
Most efficient precautions have been
taken .apalnst all Italian diversions.
And while on the Somme and the
Karst. drum fire resounded while the
Russians launched troors against the
eastern frontier of Transylvania, Field
Marshal Von Hindenburg captured uie
whole western Wallachia and the hos
tile capital of Bucharest, meeting with
unparalleled penius troops which in
competition with all allies, made pos­
I [By Carl D. Groat. United Press Staff
WASHINGTON, Dec. 12.—If Ger
many's peace proposals are such that
she merely wishes the United States
I to act as courier In transmitting
them, this government will pass the
It is not believed Ambassador
Gerard had any definite Information
of Germany's peace proposals when
he left Berlin. In diplomatic circles
it was said Germany's action must
ha®e been partly determined by the
success of the Rumanian campaign
and by cabinet crises in England and
proposals along without, any comment
[of her own.
I On the other hand, if Germany's
proposals aTe tbat the United States
Itself along with other neutral nations
shall make proposals in their own
name at Germany's behlf, the ad
ministration will study tne proposal
before taking action.
This does not mean, however, that
the United States would not transmit
the proposal urder the second plan.
These facts were only revealed at
the state department shortly after
Secretary Lansing was shown United
Press dispatches from Berlin saying
that Germany had initiated a peace
Fair. Mucli colder. Local temp
—7 p. m. 24 7 a. m. 16.
German Chancellor Calls Attention to Nation'*
Position While Suggesting That it is
Time for Peace Discussion. -M
"Conscious of Responsibility Before God and
Humanity," Proposes That Hostile
Powers Put an End to War.
sible this wlilch hitherto was consider
ed Impossible.
'And Hindenburg does not rest.
Military operations are in progress by
strokes or swords. At the same time
firm foundations have oeen laid for
our economic needs.
'Great stockB of grain, victuals,
oil and other goods fell into our hands
In Rumania. Transport immediately
'In spite of the scarcity that exist
ed we could have lived upon our own.
but now our safety is beyond ques
The chancellor then referred to the
fact that added to the events on land,
heroic deeds of equal Importance had
been accomplished by the German sub
marines. He said that the spectre of
jfittiftie which Germany''a cnosples EaQ
intended to appear before Germany,
now pursues them. He said the Ger
man empire is not the beseiged fort
ress which Its adversaries had imag
ined, but is now a gigantic firmly dis
ciplined camp with inexhaustible re
sources, fully united with the Austria
Hungarian, Turkish and Bulgarian
Emperor Always Wanted Peace.
BERLIN, (via London) Dec. 1?.—•
Chancellor Ilollweg's propositions fcr
peace negotiations as outlined in Me
re'ehstag have as their ob1«":t, he
said, the guarantee of existence, of
honor and of liberty of evolutiou for
the central powers, appropriate for
the basis of the establishment, of
lasting peace.
"Unconfused we have progressed.
It Is our firm decision thus to con
tinue to progress, always ready if» de
fend ourselves to the end i'or tha
nation's existence," he Baid, and for
its free and safe future. W? are al
ways ready to stretch out the hand of
"Our strength has not made our
ears dumb against responsibility be
fore God, before our nation and be
fore humanity.
"Former declarations," he said,
"had been evaded by Germany's ad
versaries and are now advanced
further. During the long early years
of the war. the chancellor declared,
the emperor has been moved by a
single thought: "How peace can be
restored so as to safeguard Germany
after a struggle which she has fought
Bench cabinet makers use charcoal
In polishing vood to give^it a dead
black color and present an appear
ance of ebony.
United States Willing to Help
End War by Serving as
move. In the absence, however, of
exact Information as to what Ger
many thinks, Secretary of biate Lans
ing withheld comment. His only
statement for publication was: "I
know nothing about it and have
nothing to say."
He would not indicate whether the
proposal came as a surprise to him,
but his manner indicated more clear
ly than words that the German news
was probably the happiest word he
had heard from Berlin in months.
In so far as the United Press dis
patches show, Germany's course, offi
cials pointed, out, 1s unprecedented
For that reason Secretary Lansing
was unwilling to commit, himself as
to the United States' attitude,
If Germany's offer involves merely
the use of the United States as a
messenger, the state department •will
send along her note as a matter of
cotirse and diplomatic courtesy.
I But a larger question is involved
in case Germany wants neutral na
tions to do the sour.ding cat or to
make definite proposals. In that case
the attitude of the allies, tested out
by public opinion abroad, and by
secret American diplomatic investl-
(Continued on pass X-l

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