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The daily Gate City and constitution-Democrat. (Keokuk, Iowa) 1916-1922, December 13, 1916, Image 1

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I'jje Telegraph service of The
Daily Gate City and Constitu­
tion-Democrat
is received over
onr own leased wire.
VOL. 123. NO. 140.
4
jgland Calls Peace Proposal
Merely a Trick by Teutqps
in Effort to Shift the
Responsibility.
JSWEB, IS TO BE SENT
[Entente Reply Is Diplomatic Neces
sity, But War Will Continue
With Unabated
7 Energy.
mUnited Press Leased Wire Service.!
I LONDON, De^. 13.—England is look
ling forward to next Tuesday, when
I
Premier Lloyd-George will address the
IhoDse of commons for Britain's an
•Bwpr to Germany's peace proposals.
Until that time, British men anJ wo
•men are considering but one thing—
I to continue the war until a decisive
I victory is established.
I The statement of Lloyd-George in
|his-recent interview With the United
•press is cited as the only answer
(England should consider until the little
Ittfelsbsian in whose hands England's
•fortune has now been placed, has spok
fen again.
In this statement Lloyd-George said:
"The fight must be to a finish,—to a
|knock out—." If the comment of Lon
don newspapers Is any criterion, Eng
1»nd does not propose to regard the
German peace proposals in any other
light than "another German trick."
It was conceded Germany has made
la very clever diplomatic play. Accord
llng to all upofflcial sources, the note
I Itself does not contain any concessions
las the basis for Germany's desire for
Ipeace it merely states Germany's wil
llingness to enter Into peace negotla
tions. $uch a proffer, it was pointed
I out, makes almost imperative a coun
jter proposal on the part of the allies
which will state some basic principles
[on which they are willing to end the
I war.
It'wae stated In high official circles
I that a flat refused to consider Ger
jmany's proposal obviously would leave
I Germany In -an advantageous diplo
I matic position in the eyes of the world
and the view of her own people. There
I fore, It is considered practically a dlp
Homatic necessity that a forma] reply,
at least designed to shift responsibility
for further warfare to Germany, must
be made by the entente powers,
"Germany's cue was to snatch a mil
[Itary victory to balance the five great
military defeats which they suffered
In the western Italian and Russian
theatres," said tho Daily Chronicle"
and then at the top of their territbrial
conquest to come forward with an ap
peal for the cessation of bloodshed and
an offer of peace on as-you-were terms
*hkh Sn such circumstances could be-
a
'a'®e air Jf generosity.'*
The course which the allies must
take to meet these tactics is perfectly
c-ear," asserted the Times. "They
roust absolutely reject any idea of med
jatlon in any shape and from any quar
»v!r
SO
,on«
113
*',e basis proposed is
the triumph of might and not of right.
fContinued on paze 2.)
American Newspapers Think
German Offer Will Not be
Accepted by Allies.
[United Press Leased Wire Service.]
NEW YORK, Tefc. 13.—The bulk or
editorial opinion of American news
Papers today-seems that peace may
have been brought nearer by Ger
many's proposals, bnt that many
things stand-in the way of an early
ending of the war. Generally, edi
torial comment expresses the belief
that the peace proposal will not be
acceptable to the allies.
Financiers and publicists who to
day analyzed the situation, revealed
division of opinion, a majority de
claring peace is brought nearer, but
Is not an immediate possibility, be
canse peace at this time is unaccept
sble to the allies.
Excerpts from some of the leading
editorials fol'ow:
New York World—It may be taken
f.y.'x-i!*.
SSf.iffP
ANOTHER ATTACK
ON CHIHUAHUA
Anticipated by Citizens and
All Foreigners Are Making
Plans to Come to the
American Side.
CHINESE ARE IN TERROR
Revolutionists Reported to be'In Pos
session of City, One Hundred
Mllea South of the
Capital.
[By Wefljfo Miller, United Press Staff
Correspondent]
1
JUAREZ, Mexico, Dec. 13.—Import
ant moves of revolutionists under
Jose Robles, strath of Mexico City,
are In progress today, according to
reports 'brought to the border by
foreigners who declare that the city
of Puebla, an Important city about
one hundred rnllee south of Mexico
City Is In possession of revolution
ists.
4
Anticipating another attack upon
Chihuahua City, nearly all the re
maining Americans and foreigners
are planning to leave the city and
come tq the American border.
A party of foreigners about to take
the train here for Chihuahua City
early today received telegraphic' re
ports from Gellego, which said a
body of troops believed to be bandits
were discerned in die vicinity of
Gallego and the trip was abandoned.
Chinese from every pert of the
state of Chihuahua are. streaming to
the border on every-train, terrorised
over the fate of their countrymen.
'Phis town 1b swarming with the
Mongols q3 they are not allowed to
cross to the American side.
Unconfirmed reports reached here
that Mexican government soldiers of
Murgia's command rioted over the
possesSion of two carloads of food
stuffs in the railway yards at Chi
huahua City, resulting In the killing
of forty-eight
Demand on Carranza.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 13.—^The state
department today made strrag repre
sentations to the Carranza govern
ment in the matter of the arrest of
Ricardo Soils, American citizen, at
Matamoras and his removal fo Vic
toria for trial. Departmental investi
gation establishes Soli's American
ship and shows he was held without
specific charges being made against
him.
Guardsmen Leave This Week.
SAN ANTONIO, Texas, Dec. 13.—
The militia movement from the bor
der was scheduled to get under way
late today. It will continue through
to December 28. The Missouri bat
tery of field artillery at Laredo, the
District of Columbia signal corps at
Nogales, the Second New York ambu
lance company at Pharr, the Xltah
battery of field artillery at Nogales,
are to leave before tonight.
The movement tomorrow will in
clude New York troops and the second
Idaho infantry at Nogales. First bat
tery of California field artillery and
the Iowa battalion of field artillery at
Brownsville will leave Thursday. The
First Iowa infantry at El Paso will
leave December 18. The remaining
two batalions of California guards
men will leave December 21 and 28.
Killed by Thugs.
[United Press Leased Wire Service.]
DES MOINES, Iowa, Dec. 13.—Mal
loy Boyles, oZ, died Tuesday of in*
juries received in a hold up last Fri
day. The thugs have not-been caught
EDITORIAL OPINION DIFFERS
ON PEACE PROPOSITION
for granted that the terms proposed
by the imperial chancellor will i-.ot
be acceptable to the allies, unless
tne complete restoration of Belgium,
is pledged.
Philadelphia Ledger—Germany is
apparently playing not so much for
peace as for conciliation of general
opinion.
Telegraph, Philadelphia Peace
still far away.
Boston Transcript—It is not ex
pected that the entente will listen
with any sort of eagerness to the
suggestion.-
Washington Post—Germany chooses
a most inopportune time in which to
propose peace negotiations.
Milwaukee Sentinal— Speculation
about the outcome will be rather
futile until it is learned whether Ger
many's advances will find the entente
allies in a more receptive mood than
was indicated in the recent bellicose
statement by the new British premier.
Courrier Des Estatas Unis (French)
—No compromise with the bandits
(Continued oa pas*
-v
EACE MOVE NOT TAKEN
A.
Canadian Scout Boat Thought
Lost With All on Board,
:-t.v \.v.. Opaw of Fiftjr.:.
WAS AMERICAN YACHT
•Sent Out Wireless Appeals for Hejp
and Then Flashed
That She Was
Sinking.
[United Presa Leased Wire Service.]
OTTAWA, Ont., Deo 13.—The Can
adian scout boat and submarine chaser
Grilse is believed to have been, lost
oft Shelburne, N. S., with all hands,
the minister of naval service announc
ed this afternoon.
The Grilse was of 150 tons, formerly
an American owned yacht and had
McL. Fry, Sub-Lieut. Richard E. Wins
loe. Artificer Engineer Robert Wilkin
son Wirless Operators S. A. McLean
and E. Clement.
Very Touching Indeed.
[United Press Leased Wire Service.]
DES MOINES, Iowa, Dec. 13.—A
year ago the board of parole received
a letter from Ed Smith, a parole
violator, then in England, asking that
he be pardoned on the strength of
the fact that he had joined the Eng
lish army. The board took no action.
Today it received a letter from The
military authorities stating that
Smith was killed in battle and re
questing a pardon be sent to Smith's
mother in Oklahoma. Very touching
—but the hand writing wan Smith's
in both letters.
Wedding was Postponed.
COUNCIL BLUFFS, Iowa. Dec. 13.
—Frank Craig, 'juror in the Jones
Wilkerson slander suit, was married
here today to Miss Ethel Solzer of
Red Oak. Their marriage was post
mnad when be tu rtimyu
irSilWrtte (Lit
anb Constftution-JSemncrat.
KEOKUK, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, DEC. 13,1916
Greeks Are in Battle
Against ^nch Troops
pp.
ft1
Five Thousand Men Pierced §iie and Captured Town
From Allied Guards if Today's Report
1
[United Press I /Vlre Service]
BERLIN (via Sayville wireless) Dec. Greek captain has captured Katerini and
now stands with five thousand men opposed to the French, whose line of posts has been
pierced, the press bureau announced late today. Fighting is going on north of Katerini
between Greek regulars and French troops. The text of the press bureau's statement was:
Greek captain has captured Katerini and stands now with 5,000 mfen on the line at
Katerini-Borbotzko, by which fact the French line of posts is pierced.^ Fighting is now go- *1
ing on north of Katerini between Grefek regulars and the French."
BLOOD ROWING
E AS BEFORE
War Does Not Cease While
Peace Talk is Popular
Topic Among the
Nations.
RUSSIAN VICTORY TOLD
Rumanians, Reinforced, Are Reported
.*ull Retreat, While
Teutons Preaa,
Forward.
[United Press Leased Wire Service.]
PETROGRAD, Dec. 13.—Repulse
with great enemy losses of Teutonic
attacks in the wooded Carpathians,
was announced in today's official
statement. Eastward of Chibena, a
strong enemy attack was repulsed
and southward and southwestward of
Valeputna, fighting continues, the
enemy stubbornly resisting.
"South of Trotiesh," the statement
said, "we gained a line of enemy
trenches along the heights south of
Agusulia. Enemy counter attacus
made to regain this position were
repulsed with great losses and a num
ber of prisoners were taken."
In Full Retreat.
BERLIN, (via Sayville wireless)
Dec. 13.—Full retreat of the enemy
been equipped with a torpedo tube and forces which had taken a stand on
quick firers. From Halifax this after-1 the flooded Yalomita. river in Ru
noon came word that the Stadacjna. (mania, was announced in today's ofll
whlch went from Shelburne to answer cial statement.
the SOS call of the Grilse off Little The Rumanians were reinforced by
Hope has not been able to find her in I Russian cavalry. Their retreat is
the location given in the wireless call. northeastward.
The vessel left Halifax at 3 p. m. "On the road to Buzeu, we gained
December 11 for Bermuda. At 3 p. m.' considerable ground and took more
December 12, a wireless' message was than four thousand prisoners," said
received stating that on account of the statement.
bad weather she was returning for
shelttr to Shelburne, N. S. At 7:28 Nothing Important.
p. m., she called SOS, stating her posi-1 BERLIN, (via Sayville) Dec. 13.— ,,
tIon was ]at. 43.40 north long. 64.50 W. Today's official statement said there thinks. But his closest followers be
At 7:30 p. m., a final message was was "nothing important" ta report |lieve that this nation ought to know
flashed "now sinking."" No word of* from Arch Duke Leopold's front on what^the^ allies think of the offer be
her has been received since. Orders the east.
-i.
were Immediately given for all avail
able vessels to proceed to her assist-! Spirited Fighting.
ance and endeavors made by wireless PARIS, Dec. 13.—Spirited fighting
to inform any vessels at sea in that north of Monastir was reported in
vicinity. Vessels are now searching today's official statement. A Bul
for any signs of wreckage. "The lost garian counter attack against Italian
officers on board ship at the time are: positions there, was checked by ma
Lieut. Walter Wingate Sub-Ueut. C. chine gun and artillery fire of the
allies.
Today's War Moves.
With Germany's bid for peace en
routo to her enemies, there was no
let up in the world war observable to
firom bel-
The Grilse carried a crew of fifty,
the majority from British Columbia.
The chief censor issued the follow- day in official statements
ing report: The minister of naval ser- ligerent capitals.
vices regrets to report that it is feared I The mt8t bitter fighting was taking
that H. M. Canadian torpedo b#fet place in the Balkans. Petrograd ad
Grilse, Lieut. Walter Wingate R. N. C. mitted retirement of Rii-mAnfn-nq at
V. R. hag been lost at sea with all
hands."
enemy forces lined on tiie flooded
(Continued on page 2)
MOOB
BUYING DAK?
until
ftOirte
5
Peace Flurry Over Germany's
Proposal Will be Handled!
Cautiously by United,
States.
AN ENORMOUS QUESTION
President Wllaon Has Made
Plans, Nor Expressed an Opinion
as to What Will
Be Done.
[By Carl D. Groat, United Press Staff
Correspondent.]
WASHINGTON, Dec. 13—What part
the United States will play in further
ing Germany's suggestion for peace is
undetermined today.
But these three big ideas toward it
are in official minds:
That England and her allies
should at least discuss the offers.
That any settlement, especially
in Germany's frame of mind would
have to be backed by a world gua
ranty of peace.
That the United States will not
be stampeded in the peace move
ment.
On the whole the sentiment here Is
that at present the United States
ought, merely to act as messenger for
Germany and pass on her proposals.
President Wilson is undecided he
has not even told his cabinet what he
fore making ariy move. Furthermore
they say frankly they believe England
will scorn the offer especially if based
on the terms announced by a German
embassy official.
In these circumstances America's
course must be cautious, officials hold.
The United Press obtained its infor
mation today from four™ the best in
formed men in close touch with the ad
ministration. Its main informant was
onr of the foremost me\ in the coun
cils and confidence of President Wil
son.
From him name the statement that
anything purporting to he President
Wilson's idea now is fiction.
The president, he said, has not even
confided 10 his cabinet what he plans,
and indeed, has not yet. decided. But.
two points, claimed a checking of the official view as reflected by Wil
the Teutonic offensive elsewhere. I son's closest advisers can be stated
Berlin claimed "full retreat" of thus:
On the first point, the administration
regards the question of peace so enor
mous that it. must be given serious con
sideration. On the other hand, it feels
convinced already that the allies will
scorn the offers. But be Germany's
motive, political. altrufRtie or Kreedy,
the idea of a step to end the war is too
momentous to be cast aside without
fullest official discusion.
In these circumstances the govern
ment may lend its influence-—secretely
perhaps—to getting such discussion.
But it will go cautiously before put
ling itself on public record behind Ger
many's proffer, until it knows accurate
ly whether there can le the slightest
chance of success.
On the question of a world guaranty
of peace, officials think that Germany's
terms as revealed by a German embas
sy official are such that only an inter-
{continued on page 2)
WEST
ARE
Part of This Big Boom on the
New York Stock Exchange,
Comes From Outside
Business.
POURING IN MONEY
Mad Scramble of People to Make
More Money After Becoming
Rloh on Good
Cropa,
[By Lowell Mellett. United Press Stall
Correspondent]
NETW YORK, Dec. 13.—So anxious
are the west and the south to dump
their money 'into the New York stock
market, the Western Union and the
American Telegraph and Telephone
Co., cannot provide enough, wires to
accommodate them. Hundreds of sales
it was learned today go by the boards
simply because the wireB cannot carry
the offers.
Yesterday when Germany's peace
proposals caused the greatest dumping
of stocks into the exchange since the
"silent panic'* of 1907, the selling or
ders of these western and southern
traders did not reach the floor of the
exchange until late afternoon. These
out of town speculators, who generally
buy—play the market long—lost in the.
shake down y.esterday while a large
bulk of the professional traders of
Wall street district had sold short and
took profits on the decline.
So furious is the trading on the stock
e*chfigage th6t the tickera supposed to
keep every broker's and banker's of
1 fice in even touch with quotations,
'sometimes are eighteen minutes be
hind the market. Even in the cotton
and grain exchanges,, business has be
come too fast for the telegraph wires
and the tickers frequently lag five or
ten minutes 'behind.
In the open windows of the curb
brokerage houses, one today could see
girls making the wild, mystio signals
to the traders on the pavement, that
never before were made by feminine
fingers. The supply of brokerage em
ployes has run short of the demand.
And lambs are so plentiful that a
bright young man who started a mag
azine for their special treatment four
months ago is a full blown publisher
today with big circulation and adver
tising.
I "The south and the west," answered
(R. T. Halsey, chairman of the finance
committee of the stock exchange when
iasked today for an explanation of the
six two million share days and the
I twenty-one one million share days on
I the curb the past, month.
"The people of^the west, are trading
in New York stocks in a way none of'
us ever saw before. They have money
as the result of the big prices for crops "t
jand they are making more of it here,
many of them. The good cotton prices
'likewise have put the people of the I
south into the market. They are new
comers. Southern business on the ex
I change in past years has amounted to
practically nothing. Now it amounts
•to millions.''
William C. VanAntwerp, governor of
the stock exchange agreed, explaining
that the people in remote sections are
trading by wire in the stocks of con
cerns they know. Utah copper, Texas
oil and Montana power stocks, he said
bring orders from their respective
states in large numbers.
"But the influence of the foregin
business is more significant to my
mind," he said. "South Americans are
'coming into this market as the result
ot conditions in London and Paris that
have shut them out of their usual mar
ket. The volume of business from
1 down there Is becoming very big.
"From Europe the cables are carry
ing an enormous business to New York
The increase in our listings has been
(Continued on page 2)
THE WEATHER
Fair. Continued cold. Local
temp—7 p. m. 20 7 a. m. 1.
press and People of Empire Have L1V
tie Hope of Alllea Paying
Attention to the
Propoaitlon.
[United Presa Leased Wire Service.]
BERLIN, Dec. 13.—If Germany's
bid for peace is rejected by the
entente powers, it is certain the cen
tral empires will not take the initia
tive again to end the war.
Die Post warns the entente "If
Germany's hand is refused, her fist
will soon be felt with increased
force."
The editorial also suggests that
Germany's own peace offer indicates
there is no necessities of neutral na«
tions speaking of peace.
A Master Stroke.
[By Carl W. Ackerman, United Presa
Staff Correspondent.]
BERLIN, Doc. 13.—Germany has
not asked neutral powers to start
peace negotiations. The American
embassy's understanding Is that she
has merely asked neutral powers to
inform the nations ctf the entente
that the central powers are willing
to discues peace—putting up to the
allies the acquiescence or fefuial of
the tender.
The diplomatic corps here general"
ly considers the German move a
master stroke.
Secretary Grew of the American
embassy, personally typed a trans la-"
tion of the note of which he received
two copies, one written in French.
TO DIVERT PEOPLE'S MIND
FROM REAL SITUATION
Frenchmen Take Little Stock
in Appeal for Pea-ce as Made
by Germany.
[United Press Leased Wire Service.]
WASHINGTON, l)c. 13.-—"Pre
mier Briand is speaking for France
in the chamber of deputies today.
As for us, we are not at all excited
over his pence talk and we do not
think the war will end soon."
This was the answer of the French
embassy today to a request of an ex
pression of opinion through the I'nit
ed Press Tegarding Germany's peace
proposals.
Oae official who was careful to cx-1
S&...C
ilkmma
•'. ""••.•
EIGHT PAGES
I
OPEN HID
If German Pe^ce Proposal is
Rejected, Increased Force
is Promised in Prog
ress of the War.
DID NOT EXPECT MUCK
The 'public today voiced complete
approbation of the Imperial chancel
lor's solemn warning in the relch
stag yesterday that if Germany's ehe
mles continue the war, it is because
they have conquest in mind. Such
a belief imbues the general public
with an inflexible deteraaination to
fight on to the bitter end against
any diamembarmept ot' the .father-,
land.
The hopes of the German people
are whole-hearted, but if the present
proposal is scorned, the rejection of
the plan for a discussion of terucs
would serve to cement the empire
more fully in its determination and
to dispell peace talk and speculation,
which has been current.
Berlin newspapers were not san
guine today that the peace offer
would be accepted, although applaud
ing the chancollor's steps. The cpm
ment of Editor Theodore Wolff of
the Tageblatt is typical:
"If the opposing allies should de
cline peace overtures or disdain them
as a sign of weakness and sutiering,
the people will once more ask them
selves whether thoy are not being:
driven senselessly and without urgent
need to new sacrifices and renewed
massacres.
"The German people, If their oppo
nents answer in the negative, will
see clearly it is their duty to bear
the heavy burden or heavier bur
dens, so long as there is no possi
bility of agreeing upon an acceptable
and sensible peace."
The American charge was asked to
(Continued on page 2)
plain he was si eaking only for him
self and not for the embassy, said
he was certain nothing would come
of the proposal and that the entente
allies would continue to fight antil
they had attained the objects whirl*
have ben previously stated by tho
Kovt-rnnienf. "I am quite sure," he
said, "Germany's peace proposal wu.i
made for the effect, it would h^vti
upon her o\A people and neut.-alff
Mi'l not b'-cause she hoped the allies
would listen to it. Despite the vio
tory in Rumania, which may be only
temporary. Germany is in a very bad
situation, according to tue informa
tion we get and something had to be
done to take the minds of the people
away from the food situation and
{Continued on page 2)
'•41
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