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PAGE FOOT Latjb C. F. ,V. I iuai rA' -U Keokuk, Iowa fe'V. (*CT K' IS A *5 '•BBi Si if K&. a-: h^JE-%t-^W Wi. .:' v.: -v. THE CAT17r~T?XTE OITX and Constitution-Democrat. PUBLISHED BY a THE GATE CITY COMPANY 18 North Sixth Street -1 PITY—Established 1848. fauMTMW^^. 10^ Consolidated Uvdi tt ltM* CHXEQP—Xfctabllahed In 1898. Consolidated September 88. inn. OATH CITY and CONSTITUTION-DEMOCRAT* Consolidated April 8, MM. Sklrvin »^utf C. a Warwick Bnatoeaa Maaaga* Entered at the poatofflca at Keokuk 'as seoond-claai matter. _i SUBSCRIPTION RiATBS. Dally, by mall, outside city, yfcar Daily, In Kaokok per week Dally, except Sunday. In a crisis, there Is no. telllna what will get hold of a man, his higher Instincts or his lower. He may show cour age *of a1 very splendid sort—or a hasty discretion. A habit Is much more trustworthy than an Instinct. So discipline sets up a habit of steady and courageous bearing. If you keep your head you are at liberty to be splendid. If you lose it, the habit will carry you through.—H. G. Weils. TODAY'S BIT OF VERSE THERE IS NO PAYMENT. Brother, there is no payment in the world We work and pour our labor at the feet Of those who are around us and to come. We live and take our living at the hands Of those who are around us and have been. No one is paid. No person can have more Than he can hold. And none can do beyond The" power that's in him. To each child that's born Belongs as much of all our human good As he can take and use to make him strong. And from each man, debtor to all the world. Is due the fullest fruit of all his powers. His whole life's labor, proudly rendered up, Not as return—can moments pay an age? But as the simple duty of a man. Can he do less—receiving everything? —Charlotte Perkins Gllman. I have long been accustomed to receive more blame as well'as more praise than I de served. It is the lot of every public man, and I have one account to balance the other.— Benjamin Franklin. STILL IN MEXICO—VERY STILL. Presumably General Pershing* waits inactive ly for orders from Washington while Villa, the man he was sent to catch, chases Carranza'a armies about, takes cities away from Carranza" garrisons, issues a manifesto denouncing bar barians of the north" and shouts "Mexico for Mexicans." Viewed from any angle presented by available information, the Pershing expedi tion is the most absurd military project ever authorized by this government its whole his tory is one of operation of cross purposes. It was sent because President "Wilson was stam peded by popular indignation to do something at once he started to do something which re quired a small swift force of border-trained cavalry and he sent a good part of our stand ing army to catch a fLeeing band of cutthroats. It would have require^ moral courage of a Jiigh order to recall Pershing with a statement that a mistake had been made, and Pershing is still in Mexico—very still—where perhaps his army is advantageously placed to give weight to certain additional demands the administra tion may vet make of Carranza. To the plain thinking, unsophisticated, non-political citizen wll^ is paying the bills it is not clear why proctocol debate, theoretic quibbling and other amenities by the joint commission could not have been stopped in their incipiency and Gen eral Pershing ordered to get the man he was &ent after. Villa now has an army and can be easily located. If we want him, why not get him? If we haverepented of wanting him, what do we want And what in the name of common 3ense is being done to get it7 COMPETITION AFTER THE WAR. In the recent campaign not much was said by supporters of Mr. Wilson about the im portance of preparation in this country to meet foreign competition after the war. Apparent- rivalry abroad. But now some of them are ex pressing other and different views. Highly significant is the statement of .Tames M— .December 13, 1916 1 lv t.hiy and M"r. "Wilson believed that we had cordinjjc to a decision by the Sacramento Master little to fear from commercial and industrial'Bakers' association. Unsatisfactory condi Keeley, editor of the Chicago Herald, who has reduction. However, the Sacramento bakers recently returned from a visit to the capitals of need not despair. They can try the experimnt the belligerent nations. Mr. Keeley was one of those wl© saw much in the Wilson program to commend and he boosted for the president's re-election with all the ardor of an original Wilson man. As Collier's says: 4'If Wilson had the temperament, the lack of imagi nation, and other qualities of President Cleve land, for example, he would probably today bo standing on the historic democratic ground of a tariff for revenue only, instead of being, as he now is, in favor of a protective tariff." Mr. Keeley sees the oncoming of the clash of com merce and urges the president to appoint mem bers of the tariff comission at once. The tariff President Mr. Keeley points out that American busi ness in competition for world trade—and home tradte—is going to have a .battle for existence when the hands that today are fondling rifle stocks and tossing grenacles and pointing can non muzzles once more grasp the plow handle and the tool. England, when peace comes, will not be asleep in the marts of trade. It will be a new commercial and manufacturing Eng land, alive, alert, efficient and bent on conquest: According to Mr. Keeley, we may look for this situation when the war ends: seven-eighths Wf-' commission was urged by Mr. Wilson and was created'by congress at his behest, although it has been a long standing doctrine of the repub lican party, President Taft having advocated It time and again. Says Mr. Keeley to Wilson: "Place on it [the commission] the^est men the wealth of America's business wisdom can pro duce. Urge congress to repeal that section of the law that provides the puerile salary of $7, 500 for its members. Many times that piffling ftifm would net be too large a wage for men with the responsibility these men will bear. They will have in their hand's much of the na tion's future and OIL their ability may in a large measure depend the commercial welfare of the United States. Insist on this, Mr. Presi dent, and the nation will stand back of you. Stand firm, too, Mr. President, ^against political interference with this purely commercial prob lem." An army of 8,000,MO war workers, in- eluding soldiers^ will be demobilized. This mighty force, nearly half the wage-earning popu lation of the United Kingdom, and of .which near ly are men. will be the industrial army with which England will fight her trade^ battles. Already plans are under discussion for the transfer from the service of slaughter to that of commerce. Peace, either on the battlefield or around a council table, will," in three months, throw out of employment between 2,000,000 and 3,000,000 munition 'workers. Half a million of these ate women. To "lay ofC the other 5,000, 000 it is estimated will take several years. The joint committee on labor problems after the war is stu lying this gigantic question and has made a number of suggestions which prob ably will be carried into effect. To those whose services must be summarily dispensed with there will be given a month's wages, a railroad ticket home and, ir no' employment be obtained for a year, he or she is to receive "unemployed bene fit"—in other words, a certain sum, based on earning capacity, each week. But—and it is "an important but—the plan doesn't end there. The government will be urged to turn itself into an employment agency Cnd obtain positions for these workers. And the government is in a way to be a la^ge employer dt commercial labor. Its money—.millions and millions of dollars—has been placed In the de velopment of industries which Great Britain, through sloth and other causes, has allowed to become exclusive possessions, of competitor na tions. It 1b into these great works—works that will be fostered by a- protective tariff until they & are strong enough to walk alone—that hundreds of thousands of these men wiir go. And England will not have to erect factories and build or Import machinery. She has them now thoroughly equipped, skUlfuUy and efficient ly operated. Stfortlv before Mr. Keeley made his appeal to President Wilson, Ambassador Gerard ad mitted that the United States ifrnst protect its industries, its manufacturers and its working men if it is to hold its o™ in after-war compe- tition with England, Germany and other na- tions. This h-as always been considered, re publican doctrine, and it was rejected -bv the other major party advocates when the presi dential and congressional campaign was,on.. The department of justice at Washington should be interested in one method of protec tion tllat Mr. Gerard had in mind and to which he gave unqualified approval. If our peace and prosperity are to continue, he said:, manufactur ers and exporters must be allowed to reduce their expenses by pooling their interests in the campaign for foreign jnarkets-. This doctrine has been preached by businessmen throughout the campaign period of governmental activity in the prosecution of corporations for doing what must be done if competition with great foreign combinations is to be successful. Mr. Gerard knows a good deal about European, has no illusions concerning the competition the United States will have to meet after the war. The price of bread in Sacramento, Calif., re cently raised to 6 and 12 cents a loaf, will be re dnced to the former scale of 5 and 10 cents, ac- tions which arose when the prices w*»re in creased and the falling off in consumption of bread are among the reasons assigned for the of reducing the size of the loaves while still selling them at the old prices. It is being done elsewhere, and in many localities the lump of baked dough has, assumed the proportions of a breakfast roll. The American foreign representatives are now handing in their resignations, giving the president an opportunity to eliminate those who have swelled up «wid to do honor to those who have grown, if he can do it. Shop early and often and thereby win the respect and admiration of the storekeeper. THE DAILY GATE CITT see ... 5...a BLINES* pBSERVATIONS OMAHA, Neb., Dec. 12—The sen sation of the week in Omaha, is the trial of the conspirators 'of the wild horse fraud which ha« d«n#»ived & number of Innocent victims in several western states. The United States district court is prosecuting certain ones of the company who have been using the mails for fraudulent pur poses. It is amusing and pitiful to read the testimony of the victims, who are good citizens who, being honest themselves,' believed in the Integrity of their fellow beings. But really it is a little strange that intel ligent persons .would part with sec tions of good Nebraska lands for the uncertain values of wild horses roam ing over the deserts of Arizona. One man contracted for seventeen hun dred invisible ponies, and anouuer bargained for four car loads of very wild animals upon very profitable terms to the conspirators. Land pir ates continue to flourish and next week a new scheme will appear. One morning the Omaha Bee re ported that certain articles had been stolen from a grocery store in the city the night previous. The repjrt SZaSJ SJ&ttSlSSM&SJft were taken. £ome common products of the farm are outranking the yellow fruit of California. Oranges were not stolen. "A-friend' who is interested in land values east of La Platte, where tne Missouri river is dealing in real estate transfersT asks me what I think of the situation there. Well, the situation is exceedingly large in the territory for a couple of miles north of where the—IJlatte joins Its clear waters to those of the angry Missouri. My easy judgment in the subject is that the Missouri river has invaded the district upon a determi nation to make large conquests and '*o hold them until it takes a notion to go visiting across in a new field a few miles south. The Missouri river has a fancy of its own to go around on little excursions and con vince several farmers that their farms belong to, not themselves, but to the Missouri river. The Union Pacific railroad win have Its fine new bridge completed across the Missouri river at this place, wltn the closing of the year, Md the next enterprise qt that great company will be the building of a great depot for its own business. The Union Pacific is the pioneer railfoad of Nebraska, and when it joined the Central Pacific the line was completed and traffic opened IOWA PRJES6 COMMENT. Cedar Rapids Republican The Ger mans complain that the Arabia, which they torpedoed, was 120 nautical miles out of its proper course. Of course, Marshalltown Times-Republican: Of course the French women are doing great work as farmers and they did a great deal of the farm work before the war took the men away. It is a notable 'thing but we have no desire to our women working on the iarms as a patriotic necessity. The American woman wotold do it if she must but let us hope and plan that Bhe will never have it to do. (j p,lV -perJuftl Burlington Hawk-Eye: Judge faade ln his court, so far as this may prove -5 No doubt, every other Judge possible. in the land feels the same way about it, and if all the judges were to get to gether in this movement that might help some. The opinion is genera\ that there is entirely too mulh perjurj in trials in courts. 1 Ottumwa Courier: Auto dealers say that if the various manufacturers make as many cars next year as they plan, the total *will reach about 2,000, 000. There are already several times that number in use and the dealers are wondering who will buy the 2,0(10,000 new oneB. "Waterloo Courier: While we are giving thanks for life's larger bless ings, peace, prosperity, health and hap piness, let us not overlook the smaller things that contribute in no unworthy measure -to that attainment, ^or is not life itself made up of many infinit esmal moments? Why should not we remember, then, to render up our grati tude for the friend's hearty handclasp. ror tne particularly German, business methods, and he,-«ie neighbor's kindly greeting, a com- menus neany nauucissi, .. panion's word of cheer, the smile of a loved on© and the hundred other-iittle incidents like this, apparently of little I significance in themselves, but in the aggregate miking life worth the liv ing? And while we are giving thanks let us, too, keep in mind the duty that evolves upon us to scatter aMittle sun shine along our dally path. One lone woman with a determina tion to sit tight defied a New York) corporation to plant a telegraph pole ln a hole In front of her home. Half a dozen husky pole-planters Idly look ed on while madame sat on the hole for two straight hours, then moved off and did the planting where madame's bay window view would not be obstructed. More and more the mighty bow to woman's wilL New Pieces Hawkes and Libby Cut Glass )9 -jewelers New La Vallieres, $1.00 knd up OPEN EVENINGS i" across the continent. Of all enter prises In the progressive business of the new world, the Railway system On Saturday 1 made a Journey out to the Florence district, where the city water works is located. Thiij enterprise Is situated near the Mis souri river. The valley on the Iowa side is very broad, and the bluffs appear smoky, and far away, 'i ha river formerly occupied a route far to tne east, where now are large fields of corn. A. friend, pointed to the little valley where the Mormons camped for two oiV three winters fol lowing their exodus from Nauvoo. Their wagon-worn trails may be seen in ^places yet, where they pursued the journey to the promised land in 1846 and 1847. ihe bluffs of the Missouri on the Nebraska side are prominent and rather of an individual character. The first geological report of Mis souri contains engravings of some of the beautiful bluffs just below where the Platte enters the Missouri. The reservoir of the water works is of some acres in extent. Hete the water, pumped up from'the Missouri, subjected to a process of purification. The pumping machinery is immense £hd. perfect. One revolution of the large fly wheel draws seven hundred fepartmentwaterchemical allons of Into the processing for treatment. Civilization charges high rates for benefits. But that's the way we are traveling, that is, in some parts of our land. Other sections of the world are now .engaged in a highly civilized but degraded conflict which for un just and inhuman proceedings out rank all the savage warfare of all the heathen tribes of the world. At a charity hospital In Omaha, on Tuesday, the soul of little Peter Selwyn, a Sioux boy, fcasscd to anj .other world. Little Peter had beeii^* *an invalid for two years, being sent from his home at Gregory, South Da kota, for*'treatment. During his years at the charity home, Peter continued to wear his war bonnet all decorated in eagle feathers, which are the pride of the* North American Indians. With bow and arrow, he was a favorite «.of the white boys. At the home he was called Little Chief, in honor of his true Indian nature. He was stoical and brave, and said he was ready to die. The city papers gave liberal notice or Little Chief, and his pass ing away1 caused much sorrow. His body was sent to his home in South Dakota. JASPER BLINES. Grocers Appeal to President. [United Press Leased Wire Service.] CHICAGO, Dec. 13.—Hoping for lower food prices if peace should be reached, the National Retail Grocers* UUl Ui to |/1 V/* VV—M any one who tries to dodge a subma-. association, meeting here, are today Ji AM# IA/11_ rine at sea ought to be torpedoed. But if he remained in the course, would he spared? sending resolutions to President Wil son asking that he tak^ immediate steps to bring about a conference of the belligerent nations. President Wilson is urged to place an embargo upon ^rheat, flour, sugar, canned milk and canned tomatoes, pending cessation of the war. Ldan Shark Regulations. [United Press Leased Wire Service.] CHICAGO, Dec. 13.—Ordinances regulating loan sharks are being drafted here at the demand of the council committee which has been investigating the evils of the system in Chicago. Interest rates will be limited to 3 per cent a month and A *7 tine To be heard distinctly over the telephone one must talk directly into the mouthpiece, with the lipa about an inch away. If you talk with your lips against the mouthpiece, your voice is muffled and suppressed. To the listener it sounds as though you were troubled with a severe cold could not wtiffilatf properly. Nf-iiW* Food provided" for the family table de- ^T'^Tserves the careful thought of every house Do you use thought when biiying powder? The quality of/ cake, biscuits and all quickly raised flour foods depends largely upon the kind of baking powder used. Royal Baking Powder is made from cream of tartar derived from grapes. It is absolutely pure, and has proved its excel lence for making food of finest quality and wholesomeness for generations. Royal Baking Powder contains no alum nor phosphate. 4 ROYAL BAKING POWiDER CO. New York the agents will be required to keep their books "often for examination and make regular report*, according to first drafts of the proposed ordin ance. To Auction Columbia Times. COLUMBIA, Mo., Dec. 13.—The Co lumbia Daily Times, the first central Missouri newspaper to go under ln the high cost of operation for news papers, will be sold at auction by the*- sheriff Saturday morning. A trustee's note for $933 and a note for $2,067 are held against the paper by W. 'H. Melrose and Mrs. M. H. SUNSHINB AND FLOWERS Beat readied ly da quick, convenient and sumptuous trains of &e Louisville fif Nashville Railroad. Solid tkrougL trains or sleeping car* (rook St. Louis and Cbicatfo. Ujuocpaasedalacurts JUlng ear aerrica. Round trip tourist tickets, return limit Juae 1st. on sale daily. Greater variety routes tLaa any otter diverse routes if desired. AttiractweTours to Central America, Cuba, MobSe, New Orleans, Pensacola and the Gulf Coast Resorts kotm or thb itACNmcBNT Tmami Pink Ttmltml Dbdm Fttf, Tfm SmMdand, mdjatktmvmt Exprm For lull particulars, rates, illustrated booklets, sleeping car reservations, etc., addrsss GEO. E. HERRING,Di*. Pass. A*t.. L.&N. R.R. 304 NortK Broadway St. Louis, Mo. Better Service is Obtained by Talking Directly into the Telephone Itooently one of the comic papers had a cartoon of a man with his nose in the telephone mouthpiece. Underneath was the line, "Oan't ytu hear me?" Many who saw this picture sm^ed and recalled how often they had seen people talking out of the window, at their feet or through a cigar, bat not INTO the telephone. ,d® directly Into the telephone, the sound ves will not ^r,k^«quarsly the metallic disc in the transmit. you faintly and Indistinctly. wfuarviy in ter and the other party will hear IOWA TELEPHONE COMPANY •,U .'.v^l WEDNESDAY, DEC. 13,19J Kimball of Manhattan, Kaa. The paper was operated by Hu_. L, Moore and Henry Corbyn untl October 30, when the partnerBhi] was dissolved and the paper throw? into receivership. An overcrowded field is given as the cause of thj failure. Courting California. Chicago Evening Post: Secretar McAdoo Is to leave the cabinet and move to southern California to live) California Is a pivotal state nowaday^ and those who have the bee will it Arf "yf"