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The daily Gate City and constitution-Democrat. (Keokuk, Iowa) 1916-1922, December 13, 1916, Image 6

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C. F.
Keokuk, Iowa
Wi. .:' v.:
and Constitution-Democrat.
18 North Sixth Street -1
PITY—Established 1848.
10^ Consolidated Uvdi tt ltM*
CHXEQP—Xfctabllahed In 1898.
Consolidated September 88. inn.
Consolidated April 8, MM.
Sklrvin »^utf
C. a Warwick Bnatoeaa Maaaga*
Entered at the poatofflca at Keokuk 'as seoond-claai
Dally, by mall, outside city, yfcar
Daily, In Kaokok per week
Dally, except Sunday.
In a crisis, there Is no. telllna what will get hold of a
man, his higher Instincts or his lower. He may show cour
age *of a1 very splendid sort—or a hasty discretion. A habit
Is much more trustworthy than an Instinct. So discipline
sets up a habit of steady and courageous bearing. If you
keep your head you are at liberty to be splendid. If you
lose it, the habit will carry you through.—H. G. Weils.
Brother, there is no payment in the world
We work and pour our labor at the feet
Of those who are around us and to come.
We live and take our living at the hands
Of those who are around us and have been.
No one is paid. No person can have more
Than he can hold. And none can do beyond
The" power that's in him. To each child that's born
Belongs as much of all our human good
As he can take and use to make him strong.
And from each man, debtor to all the world.
Is due the fullest fruit of all his powers.
His whole life's labor, proudly rendered up,
Not as return—can moments pay an age?
But as the simple duty of a man.
Can he do less—receiving everything?
—Charlotte Perkins Gllman.
I have long been accustomed to receive
more blame as well'as more praise than I de
served. It is the lot of every public man, and
I have one account to balance the other.—
Benjamin Franklin.
Presumably General Pershing* waits inactive
ly for orders from Washington while Villa,
the man he was sent to catch, chases Carranza'a
armies about, takes cities away from Carranza"
garrisons, issues a manifesto denouncing bar
barians of the north" and shouts "Mexico for
Mexicans." Viewed from any angle presented
by available information, the Pershing expedi
tion is the most absurd military project ever
authorized by this government its whole his
tory is one of operation of cross purposes. It
was sent because President "Wilson was stam
peded by popular indignation to do something
at once he started to do something which re
quired a small swift force of border-trained
cavalry and he sent a good part of our stand
ing army to catch a fLeeing band of cutthroats.
It would have require^ moral courage of a
Jiigh order to recall Pershing with a statement
that a mistake had been made, and Pershing is
still in Mexico—very still—where perhaps his
army is advantageously placed to give weight
to certain additional demands the administra
tion may vet make of Carranza. To the plain
thinking, unsophisticated, non-political citizen
wll^ is paying the bills it is not clear why
proctocol debate, theoretic quibbling and other
amenities by the joint commission could not
have been stopped in their incipiency and Gen
eral Pershing ordered to get the man he was
&ent after. Villa now has an army and can be
easily located. If we want him, why not get
him? If we haverepented of wanting him, what
do we want And what in the name of common
3ense is being done to get it7
In the recent campaign not much was said
by supporters of Mr. Wilson about the im
portance of preparation in this country to meet
foreign competition after the war. Apparent-
rivalry abroad. But now some of them are ex
pressing other and different views.
Highly significant is the statement of .Tames
.December 13, 1916
lv t.hiy and M"r. "Wilson believed that we had cordinjjc to a decision by the Sacramento Master
little to fear from commercial and industrial'Bakers' association. Unsatisfactory condi­
Keeley, editor of the Chicago Herald, who has reduction. However, the Sacramento bakers
recently returned from a visit to the capitals of need not despair. They can try the experimnt
the belligerent nations. Mr. Keeley was one of
those wl© saw much in the Wilson program to
commend and he boosted for the president's
re-election with all the ardor of an original
Wilson man. As Collier's says:
Wilson had the temperament, the lack of imagi
nation, and other qualities of President Cleve
land, for example, he would probably today bo
standing on the historic democratic ground of
a tariff for revenue only, instead of being, as
he now is, in favor of a protective tariff." Mr.
Keeley sees the oncoming of the clash of com
merce and urges the president to appoint mem
bers of the tariff comission at once. The tariff
Mr. Keeley points out that American busi
ness in competition for world trade—and home
tradte—is going to have a .battle for existence
when the hands that today are fondling rifle
stocks and tossing grenacles and pointing can
non muzzles once more grasp the plow handle
and the tool. England, when peace comes,
will not be asleep in the marts of trade. It will
be a new commercial and manufacturing Eng
land, alive, alert, efficient and bent on conquest:
According to Mr. Keeley, we may look for this
situation when the war ends:
commission was urged by Mr. Wilson and was
created'by congress at his behest, although it
has been a long standing doctrine of the repub
lican party, President Taft having advocated
It time and again. Says Mr. Keeley to Wilson:
"Place on it [the commission] the^est men the
wealth of America's business wisdom can pro
duce. Urge congress to repeal that section of
the law that provides the puerile salary of $7,
500 for its members. Many times that piffling
ftifm would net be too large a wage for men
with the responsibility these men will bear.
They will have in their hand's much of the na
tion's future and OIL their ability may in a
large measure depend the commercial welfare
of the United States. Insist on this, Mr. Presi
dent, and the nation will stand back of you.
Stand firm, too, Mr. President, ^against political
interference with this purely commercial prob
An army of 8,000,MO war workers, in-
eluding soldiers^ will be demobilized. This
mighty force, nearly half the wage-earning popu
lation of the United Kingdom, and of .which near
are men. will be the industrial
army with which England will fight her trade^
Already plans are under discussion for the
transfer from the service of slaughter to that of
commerce. Peace, either on the battlefield or
around a council table, will," in three months,
throw out of employment between 2,000,000 and
3,000,000 munition 'workers. Half a million of
these ate women. To "lay ofC the other 5,000,
000 it is estimated will take several years.
The joint committee on labor problems after
the war is stu lying this gigantic question and
has made a number of suggestions which prob
ably will be carried into effect. To those whose
services must be summarily dispensed with there
will be given a month's wages, a railroad ticket
home and, ir no' employment be obtained for a
year, he or she is to receive "unemployed bene
fit"—in other words, a certain sum, based on
earning capacity, each week.
But—and it is "an important but—the plan
doesn't end there. The government will be
urged to turn itself into an employment agency
Cnd obtain positions for these workers. And the
government is in a way to be a la^ge employer
dt commercial labor. Its money—.millions and
millions of dollars—has been placed In the de
velopment of industries which Great Britain,
through sloth and other causes, has allowed to
become exclusive possessions, of competitor na
tions. It 1b into these great works—works that
will be fostered by a- protective tariff until they &
are strong enough to walk alone—that hundreds
of thousands of these men
And England will not have to erect factories
and build or Import machinery. She has them
now thoroughly equipped, skUlfuUy and efficient
ly operated.
Stfortlv before Mr. Keeley made his appeal
to President Wilson, Ambassador Gerard ad
mitted that the United States ifrnst protect its
industries, its manufacturers and its working
men if it is to hold its o™ in after-war compe-
tition with England, Germany and other na-
tions. This h-as always been considered, re
publican doctrine, and it was rejected -bv the
other major party advocates when the presi
dential and congressional campaign was,on..
The department of justice at Washington
should be interested in one method of protec
tion tllat Mr. Gerard had in mind and to which
he gave unqualified approval. If our peace and
prosperity are to continue, he said:, manufactur
ers and exporters must be allowed to reduce
their expenses by pooling their interests in the
campaign for foreign jnarkets-. This doctrine
has been preached by businessmen throughout
the campaign period of governmental activity
in the prosecution of corporations for doing
what must be done if competition with great
foreign combinations is to be successful. Mr.
Gerard knows a good deal about European,
has no illusions concerning the competition the
United States will have to meet after the war.
The price of bread in Sacramento, Calif., re
cently raised to 6 and 12 cents a loaf, will be re
dnced to the former scale of 5 and 10 cents, ac-
tions which arose when the prices w*»re in
creased and the falling off in consumption of
bread are among the reasons assigned for the
of reducing the size of the loaves while still
selling them at the old prices. It is being done
elsewhere, and in many localities the lump of
baked dough has, assumed the proportions of
a breakfast roll.
The American foreign representatives are
now handing in their resignations, giving the
president an opportunity to eliminate those
who have swelled up «wid to do honor to those
who have grown, if he can do it.
Shop early and often and thereby win the
respect and admiration of the storekeeper.
... 5...a
OMAHA, Neb., Dec. 12—The sen
sation of the week in Omaha, is the
trial of the conspirators 'of the wild
horse fraud which ha« d«n#»ived &
number of Innocent victims in several
western states. The United States
district court is prosecuting certain
ones of the company who have been
using the mails for fraudulent pur
poses. It is amusing and pitiful to
read the testimony of the victims,
who are good citizens who, being
honest themselves,' believed in the
Integrity of their fellow beings. But
really it is a little strange that intel
ligent persons .would part with sec
tions of good Nebraska lands for the
uncertain values of wild horses roam
ing over the deserts of Arizona. One
man contracted for seventeen hun
dred invisible ponies, and anouuer
bargained for four car loads of very
wild animals upon very profitable
terms to the conspirators. Land pir
ates continue to flourish and next
week a new scheme will appear.
One morning the Omaha Bee re
ported that certain articles had been
stolen from a grocery store in the
city the night previous. The repjrt
were taken. £ome common products
of the farm are outranking the yellow
fruit of California. Oranges were
not stolen.
"A-friend' who is interested in land
values east of La Platte, where tne
Missouri river is dealing in real
estate transfersT asks me what I
think of the situation there. Well,
the situation is exceedingly large in
the territory for a couple of miles
north of where the—IJlatte joins Its
clear waters to those of the angry
Missouri. My easy judgment in the
subject is that the Missouri river has
invaded the district upon a determi
nation to make large conquests and
'*o hold them until it takes a notion
to go visiting across in a new field
a few miles south. The Missouri
river has a fancy of its own to go
around on little excursions and con
vince several farmers that their
farms belong to, not themselves, but
to the Missouri river.
The Union Pacific railroad win
have Its fine new bridge completed
across the Missouri river at this
place, wltn the closing of the year,
Md the next enterprise qt that great
company will be the building of a
great depot for its own business.
The Union Pacific is the pioneer
railfoad of Nebraska, and when it
joined the Central Pacific the line
was completed and traffic opened
Cedar Rapids Republican The Ger
mans complain that the Arabia, which
they torpedoed, was 120 nautical miles
out of its proper course. Of course,
Marshalltown Times-Republican:
Of course the French women are doing
great work as farmers and they did
a great deal of the farm work before
the war took the men away. It is a
notable 'thing but we have no desire
our women working on the
iarms as a patriotic necessity. The
American woman wotold do it if she
must but let us hope and plan that Bhe
will never have it to do.
(j p,lV
Burlington Hawk-Eye: Judge faade
ln his
court, so far as this may prove
-5 No doubt, every other Judge
in the land feels the same way about
it, and if all the judges were to get to
gether in this movement that might
help some. The opinion is genera\
that there is entirely too mulh perjurj
in trials in courts.
Ottumwa Courier: Auto dealers say
that if the various manufacturers
make as many cars next year as they
plan, the total *will reach about 2,000,
000. There are already several times
that number in use and the dealers are
wondering who will buy the 2,0(10,000
"Waterloo Courier: While we are
giving thanks for life's larger bless
ings, peace, prosperity, health and hap
piness, let us not overlook the smaller
things that contribute in no unworthy
measure -to that attainment, ^or is
not life itself made up of many infinit
esmal moments? Why should not we
remember, then, to render up our grati
tude for the friend's hearty handclasp.
ror tne
particularly German, business methods, and he,-«ie neighbor's kindly greeting, a com-
menus neany nauucissi,
.. panion's word of cheer, the smile of a
loved on© and the hundred other-iittle
incidents like this, apparently of little
I significance in themselves, but in the
aggregate miking life worth the liv
ing? And while we are giving thanks
let us, too, keep in mind the duty
evolves upon us to scatter aMittle sun
shine along our dally path.
One lone woman with a determina
tion to sit tight defied a New York)
corporation to plant a telegraph pole
ln a hole In front of her home. Half
a dozen husky pole-planters Idly look
ed on while madame sat on the hole
for two straight hours, then moved
off and did the
madame's bay window view would not
be obstructed. More and more the
mighty bow to woman's wilL
New Pieces Hawkes and
Libby Cut Glass
New La Vallieres,
$1.00 knd up
across the continent. Of all enter
prises In the progressive business of
the new world, the Railway system
On Saturday 1 made a Journey out
to the Florence district, where the
city water works is located. Thiij
enterprise Is situated near the Mis
souri river. The valley on the Iowa
side is very broad, and the bluffs
appear smoky, and far away, 'i ha
river formerly occupied a route far
to tne east, where now are large
fields of corn. A. friend, pointed to
the little valley where the Mormons
camped for two oiV three winters fol
lowing their exodus from Nauvoo.
Their wagon-worn trails may be seen
in ^places yet, where they pursued the
journey to the promised land in 1846
and 1847. ihe bluffs of the Missouri
on the Nebraska side are prominent
and rather of an individual character.
The first geological report of Mis
souri contains engravings of some of
the beautiful bluffs just below where
the Platte enters the Missouri. The
reservoir of the water works is of
some acres in extent. Hete the
water, pumped up from'the Missouri,
subjected to a process of purification.
The pumping machinery is immense
£hd. perfect. One revolution of the
large fly wheel draws seven hundred
allons of Into the processing
for treatment.
Civilization charges high rates for
benefits. But that's the way we are
traveling, that is, in some parts of
our land. Other sections of the world
are now
.engaged in a highly civilized
but degraded conflict which for un
just and inhuman proceedings out
rank all the savage warfare of all
the heathen tribes of the world.
At a charity hospital In Omaha, on
Tuesday, the soul of little Peter
Selwyn, a Sioux boy, fcasscd to anj
.other world. Little Peter had beeii^*
*an invalid for two years, being sent
from his home at Gregory, South Da
kota, for*'treatment. During his years
at the charity home, Peter continued
to wear his war bonnet all decorated
in eagle feathers, which are the pride
of the* North American Indians. With
bow and arrow, he was a favorite
«.of the white boys. At the home he
was called Little Chief, in honor of
his true Indian nature. He was stoical
and brave, and said he was ready to
die. The city papers gave liberal
notice or Little Chief, and his pass
caused much sorrow. His
body was sent to his home in South
Grocers Appeal to President.
[United Press Leased Wire Service.]
CHICAGO, Dec. 13.—Hoping for
lower food prices if peace should be
reached, the National Retail Grocers*
UUl Ui to |/1 V/* VV—M
any one who tries to dodge a subma-. association, meeting here, are today
Ji AM# IA/11_
rine at sea ought to be torpedoed. But
if he remained in the course, would he
sending resolutions to President Wil
son asking that he tak^ immediate
steps to bring about a conference of
the belligerent nations.
President Wilson is urged to place
an embargo upon ^rheat, flour, sugar,
canned milk and canned tomatoes,
pending cessation of the war.
Ldan Shark Regulations.
[United Press Leased Wire Service.]
CHICAGO, Dec. 13.—Ordinances
regulating loan sharks are being
drafted here at the demand of the
council committee which has been
investigating the evils of the system
in Chicago. Interest rates will be
limited to 3 per cent a month and
To be heard distinctly over the telephone one must talk directly
into the mouthpiece, with the lipa about an inch away.
If you talk with your lips against the mouthpiece, your voice is
muffled and suppressed. To the listener it sounds as though you
were troubled with a severe cold could not wtiffilatf properly.
Food provided" for the family table de-
^T'^Tserves the careful thought of every house
Do you use thought when biiying
The quality of/ cake, biscuits and all
quickly raised flour foods depends largely
upon the kind of baking powder used.
Royal Baking Powder is made from
cream of tartar derived from grapes. It is
absolutely pure, and has proved its excel
lence for making food of finest quality and
wholesomeness for generations.
Royal Baking Powder contains no alum
nor phosphate.
New York
the agents will be required to keep
their books "often for examination and
make regular report*, according to
first drafts of the proposed ordin
To Auction Columbia Times.
COLUMBIA, Mo., Dec. 13.—The Co
lumbia Daily Times, the first central
Missouri newspaper to go under ln
the high cost of operation for news
papers, will be sold at auction by
the*- sheriff Saturday morning. A
trustee's note for $933 and a note
for $2,067 are held against the paper
by W. 'H. Melrose and Mrs. M. H.
Beat readied ly da quick, convenient and sumptuous trains of
&e Louisville fif Nashville Railroad. Solid tkrougL trains or
sleeping car* (rook St. Louis and Cbicatfo. Ujuocpaasedalacurts
JUlng ear aerrica. Round trip tourist tickets, return limit
Juae 1st. on sale daily. Greater variety routes tLaa any otter
diverse routes if desired.
AttiractweTours to Central America, Cuba, MobSe,
New Orleans, Pensacola and the Gulf Coast Resorts
thb itACNmcBNT Tmami
Pink Ttmltml Dbdm Fttf, Tfm SmMdand, mdjatktmvmt Exprm
For lull particulars, rates, illustrated booklets, sleeping car
reservations, etc., addrsss
GEO. E. HERRING,Di*. Pass. A*t.. L.&N. R.R.
304 NortK Broadway St. Louis, Mo.
Better Service is Obtained by
Talking Directly into the Telephone
Itooently one of the comic
papers had a cartoon of a man
with his nose in the telephone
mouthpiece. Underneath was the
line, "Oan't ytu hear me?"
Many who saw this picture
sm^ed and recalled how often
they had seen people talking out
of the window, at their feet or
through a cigar, bat not INTO
the telephone.
,d® directly Into the telephone, the sound
ves will not ^r,k^«quarsly the metallic disc in the transmit.
you faintly and Indistinctly.
wfuarviy in
ter and the other party will hear
Kimball of Manhattan, Kaa.
The paper was operated by Hu_.
L, Moore and Henry Corbyn untl
October 30, when the partnerBhi]
was dissolved and the paper throw?
into receivership. An overcrowded
field is given as the cause of thj
Courting California.
Chicago Evening Post: Secretar
McAdoo Is to leave the cabinet and
move to southern California to
California Is a pivotal state nowaday^
and those who have the bee will
Arf "yf"

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