THE DAlITY GATE CITTT
Y^,': .'••••• THE GATE CITY COMPANY
H?, 18 North Sixth Street.
&ATS CITY—Established 1849.
Consolidated March M. 1M®»
CBIBT—Established In 1892.
niTH CITY and CONSTITUTIAN-DBMOOHA*"*
Consolidated April 1.1W1
fe"r. mirra •ffjj.'ff SSS
C. a Warwick ..BMW*—
Butered at the .postofflce a* P**"*
by mall, outside city, year jB
Dally. InXaoknk per week ......
Dally, except Sunday.
afP Reputation is in no man's keeping. You and I cannot de
feiermine what other men shall think of us
'US. We can only determine what they ought to
and say about us and we can only do tM. by acting
squarely up to our convictions of duty, without the slight
Sliest reference to its effect upon ourselves.—J. G. Holland.
TODAY'S BIT OF VERSE
THE ROAD NOT TAKEN.
Two roads diverged In a yellow wood.
And sorry I could not travel both
And be one traveler, long I stood
And looked down ode as far as I could
To where It bent In tie undergrowth!
Then took the other as just as fair.
And having* perhaps the better claim
Because it «.«* grassy and wasted wear
Thcash as for that the passing there
Had worn them really about the same.
And both that mornibg equally lay
In leaves no step had trodden black.
Oh, I kept the first for another day
Vet knowing how way leads on to way
I doubted If I should ever come back.
1 sball be telling this with a slgb
Somewhere ages and ages hence
Two roads diverged In a wood, and I—
I took the one less traveled by,
And that has made all the difference.
—Robert Frost, in "Mountain Interval.'
The true university these days is a collec
tion of bookg.—Carlyle.
REPEAL THE PRIMARY LAW.
'The Gate City hopes that when the Iegisla
ture meets at Des Moines for the next session it
will have the courage to set immediately about
repealing the direct primary law* It is t,o be
confessed^ that this hope is in the homing and
that the first cry of the infant may attract the
attention of the men who have been sent to the
^capitol for the purpose of registering the will
?lof common sense. This "election -reform,"
'which was not only going to put an end to all
bosses, but to render politics pure and unde
filablc has proved itself an incubus and
something worse than a fraud. This has been
the experience not'only of Iowa but of other
It is the high sign of popular government
that the majority should rule, but by a scatter
ing of individual votes in favor of minority
candidates this is-denied. The direct primary
has rendered the process of seeking a riomina
tion so costly that only those with a full
pocketbook or who can secure liberal financial
backing can afford to compete. It is subversive
'of the representatives form of government and
ought to be abolished.
Let the Towa legislature set the example.
COSTLY DELAY AT WASHINGTON.
No reason has been given at Washington for
delav respecting two matters, on© executive and
Die other legislative, calling for prompt action.
Not less important than the immediate ap
pointment of a tariff commission is enactment
in the senate of the Webb bill permitting com
binations of manufacturers engaged in export
trade. This measure was passed by the house
at. the last session, but while it was approved by
the president and endorsed by leading com
mercial organizations, it did not come to a fin
al vote in Ihe senate. Certainly there is no ex
cuse for delay now. No one who has given
much thought to' the matter doubts that
American exporters need the freedom to form
such combinations as are permitted and en
couraged by foreign governments.
The federal trade commission recognizes this
need, and it has said that exporters in the
United States should be given a more nearly
equal opportunity of securing business in other
countries than they have heretofore had." The
statement does not go far enough. Equal, not
more equal opportunity, is what is required in
the interest of American commerce. Until the
Webb bill is on the statute books, the doubt
which the commission says exists as to the bear
ing of the anti-trust laws upon attempts to
in foreipm trade will continue, and
exporters will not know what they can do with
out danger of prosecution.
With a tariff commission of tjie right sort.
2 6 1 3 1 6
and freedom on the part of exporters
what their competitors abroad were doing te -tag** ta a. -w.
manufacturers win pura
fore the war, American
have a fair chance in world markets.
Life insurance presidents 'whose companies
carry nearly all the twenty billion dollars of in
surance Americans have taken out met in con
vention a day or two agp and heard some in
teresting talks. One speaker told them that
extravagance is the great American sin and
that our wastefulness, individually and collec
tively, is extraordinary and no longer to be
viewed with unconcern. They learned also that
the average American is deteriorating physical
ly and dies at about forty years of age. He
looks pink and healthy, is a good liver, hurries
through life, has no time to waste and
with the aid of new knowledge and inventions
to crowd the experiences of two lifetimes into
one. He is meeting some success in this en
deavor, but the strain is telling on him and
the power of our people to resist fatigue and
the physical stress of modern civilization is de
clining rather than advancing. We are chang
ing from physically inactive lives chiefly out
doors to physically inactive lives in the caves
and pigeonholes of our modern dwelling
places. Perhaps we must look for heightened
mortality until we have adjusted ourselves to
these new living conditions and it is reason
able to conclude that our tree dwfelliug ances
tors had much the same experience and insur
ance rates rose rapidly with them when they
forsook the trees for holes and caves.
Maximilian Harden, the German editor and
publicist, is bold enough to say that what his
country needs is a parliamentary government,
restriction of armaments, international arbitra
tion and a government that will keejj,the peace
instead of always planning and preparing to
Can anybody doubt that Germany will some
time have a government of this kind? Or
would it not be well for her to have it as soon
as" possible 7 Would not such a government be
able to end the fighting at once or soon, vith
out the intervention or suggestion of any neu
tral power, by a fair and honorable peace If
this much be admitted, the next and naturally
arising question is how that government is to
come into being. Is there any reason to be
lieve that the
ever voluntarily abate
one jot or tittle of the prerogatives on which he
has always been so determinedly insistent? Is
there any reason to believe that the crown
prince, the head if not the brains of the mili
taristic party, would have a place of power in
this new government that Harden wishes and
foresees? To some observers
looks as though
the people, disillusioned by the disasters autoc
racy has brought upon them, would decide to
see what they could do in the way of governing
The Germans are by training and tempera
ment the most efficient people in the world.
The things that industry led by science can
achieve they do with greater patience and per
fection than any other race. Much of their so
cialistic legislation is the^best that earth has
seen. Can it be argued therefore that they
would not make an even more successful ex
periment in democracy than the excessively in
dividualistic English-speaking people of the
world whose ideal of government is one that
leaves them most alone to do as they please?
There are minds from which the convic
tion cannot be dislodged, unless time does it,
that the result of this war will be to socialize
after the German fashion the entente states and
to give the Teutons the practical democracy of
England or th« actual democracy of France.
Villa seems to be a rising star just at pres
ent. He may gain a great deal of strength be
cause of his qualities of generalship in a mili
tary sense and masterfulness in every sense.
The United States cannot afford to do other
wise than to treat him as a murderer unhung.
If the public is able to ^verify the Washing
ton statement'that eight per cent, of retail prices
consists of the cost of delivery, there may be
sudden recourse to the well known but general
ly despised market basket.
After spending hundreds of thousands of dol
lars the various investigating committees will
reach the perfectly good conclusion that prices
We earnestly hope that he postoffice depart
ment's admonition regarding economy in time
will be applied relentlessly to federal red tape.
It is well enough to joke about those ties and
"Christinas cigars," but in more than one in
stance they filled a long-felt want.
How many observed the "Do not open until
Christmas" injunction on packages?
The Bed Cross seals season remains open un
til January one.
THE DAILY GATE CITY
tn do I IOWA RRE88 COMMENNT.
I Burlington Hawk-jfiye: There Is
ute. and actually
warms the blood. A brisk walk in
Ic-ra. on a,' dialer's day is better than
seven bottles of your physician's fa
vorite tonic, and it is better than ly
ing in a hammock on riding in an auto
In some semi-tropical climate. It Is al
together enjoyable and altogether
wholesome. People live better in Iowa
than they do elsewhere. They enjoy
better healtn than do people else
where and they live longer than do
the dwellers in other states. Thanks
to the glorious Iowa winters.
Ottumwa Courier:' The generals of
the artrty who are appealing before the
military committees of the senate and
house, have no complaint to make of
tne men who make up the national
guard, but theje. are emphatically con
demning the organisation as a whole.
They say it is the quintessence of. In-
:c trvincr •efficiency, and that It is folly for this
nation to depend upon the national
guard and volunteer army plan for de
fense against any well organized foe.
who will pledge themselves to eat corn
bread instead of wheat bread until the
price of flour goes down. This woMld
be easy for some men if the head—
We mean the lady
-of the house iras
Waterloo Courier: Boston's vote for
the saloon this year was increased by
seven thousand over last year's total.
This should be encouraging news to
the Chicago wets, who are also to have
a dose of Billy Sunday preceding a pro
he want^ to attend and h:s auto en
ables him to attend any one of a doz
en in several counties.
Davenport Democrat: With cabbage
selling at $75 a ton, one cn under
stand the thrifty German farmer who
explains the low state of the fkmily
supply of Bauer kraut by saying that
he had kept only Ave or six barrels,
"for fear someone might get s'.ck."
Probably we Americans are duty
bound to give liberally to the funds to
aid the starving Belgians, Serbians,
Polanders and other peoples crushed
in the awful war, because we are sup
plying some of the ammunition which
goes to make thousands of widows'and
orphans in Europe and a few more mil
lionaires in America. A tax on muni
tions for the purpose of aiding the des
titute in Europe would beat an Income
tax In the equitable distribution of its
Voice of the People
[The Qate City does not assume re
sponsibility for views expressed by
correspondents. Writers of communi
cations must' furnish their names—
not necessarily for publication, but
for the information of the editor,]
"Left-Hand Walkers" and Others.
To the Editor of The Gate City:
In the local paper of a neighboring
city I recently saw a contributed
article pertaining to the prevalence
on their streets of the "left-hand
walker," but to anyone desirous of
seeing the "critter" in UB highest
development I would suggest a visit
to Keokuk. In no city with the
streets of which I. km familiar have
I observed so many pedestrians who,
either ignorant of the customary
highway laws or willfuly disregarding
It is not only on the side next to
the buildings that one finds the«e per
buildings give way to the right of
the opposing pedestrian with only a
look of curiosity which says: "I won
der where you are from that you are
unacquainted with Keokuk manjier
isms.' But the latter class often
crowd the man, insistent on his right,
into Vie street. They gaze at one with
an astonished stare which reminds
me of the old story of the man who
single handed hung the Jury, and
afterward complained that he had
there met eleven of the contrariest
men that be had ever seen.
I was recently standing inside a
bank window watching the passing
throng outside when a near-by stran
ger remarked to me: "It seems to
me that Keokuk needs the silent
policeman on the sldeyalk more than
It needs them in the middle of the
street." When I observed: "You are
not a resident here?" he continued:
"I am from 3t. Joe. But I never saw.
so many people on a street who In
sisted on keeping to the left side."
While among the "left-side walk
ers" the men are in the majority,
there is another organization, quite
^peculiar to Keokuk, in the member
ship of which women largely pre
dominate. It is the "sidewalk
blockade," and it may be some sort
of an auxiliary to the "left-hand
On any pleasant Saturday evening,
and frequently on any such after
noon. one may encounter the "blocK
a4ers" holding a session ia the
thronged sidewalk, and
not it is on
dose to a crosswalk where- passing
pedestrians are forced into the street.
The proceedings of these sessloisj
which one overhears as "he passes by
are such as might take place in back
yards in almost any town, and they
are at quite as much consequence.
On a pleasaat afternoon In the late
fall I was amused by a group of this
sort gathered in front of the Weber
building. Among its members,- but
plainly a non-resident, was an old
lady who, standing to one side her
self, persisted in plucking her com
panions one after the other by the
sleeve to call their attention to the
fact that they were blockading the
sidewalk. The old* lady reminded me
of an old hen mothering a bunch of
young ducks which had just discov
ered a pond of water, and the mem
bers of her group were regarding the
anxiety of the old lady with the
same attention that swimming ducks
regard a fussy old hen.
I. O. H.
Keokuk, Iowa, Dec. 21, 1916.
Donnel.son Review: Bids, for lum
ber for repairing over 1,000 wooden
bridges and culverts In Iee county wlil
be submitted this week by the proper
In 1 if a in
under his Jurisdiction thfe care of
repairing and painting, and
several hundred culverts.
During the past year over 100 steel
bridges were repaired and repainted.
120 permanent culverts put In, and six
permanent bridges were built to re
place some which were unsafe.
STREET CAR TAKES
WHEEL OFF AUTO
Machine Belonging to James T. Mc
Carthy Damaged In Collision
The farmer who has learned to de
pend upon his daily newspaper for •his
market news, his war news and for the
dry goods news for his wife has also Carthy, 502 N»rtli Tenth street, and
discovered that the feame nswsraper. a west bound street car, collided at
can inform him which farm auction the intersection of Tenth and Main
An &utomobile"clriven -by James Mc-
streets Monday afternoon about 1:00
o'clock. The rear right wheel was
torn from the automobile and the
body of the machine was damaged.
Mr. McCarthy was not Injured.
He was idriving on Tenth street
from Johnson to Main street and was
just making to cross the car tracks
when he saw the approaching street
car. Realizing that h$ could not get
across without being struck, he
swerved to the left but did not succeed
in getting: entirely out of the" way ol
FOR U.S. PLANT
Cities Within 200 Miles of Ocean of
Lake Coasts Being Eliminated
That looks all the better for Keo
kuk, was the comment Industrial As
sociation officials made when told
that the naval board was eliminaUng
cities within two hundred miles of
ocean and great lake coasts as sites
for the proposed government armor
plate plant. Keokuk is at the seat of
electrical power sufficiently far re
moved from any of the great lake
coasts and almost centrally located'
as regards 'either or both coasts. I
A number of Ohio points have been
eliminated as a result of this ruling,
it was said, according to United Press
—To the list of contributors to the
community Christmas fund should
be added ttie name of "Mr. Keator
who gave f£.
—One of the Keolnik business men
states that the reason for the
fine Christmas trade enjoyed by the
local merchants was due to the sav
ings funds accumulated during the
year. There is no doubt but what
them, Insist on keeping to the left on these savings helped to swell the
the sidewalks. business and made holiday trading
On any pleasant afternoon or even-
ing I can meet more of these people right time—to start your savings ae
on any down town business block in count with the banks. It Is a sure
Keokuk than I ever met on any block
of a street in St. Louis, Chicago,
Philadelphia, Boston or New York.
In fact, a "left-hand walker" would
not travel very Jar on any block in
a large city until he became so bat-,
.not. V0 }U8t
and an easy way »o accumulate
your Christmas money.
a targe cuy uuui ne u«c»ui« BO uai-. Lieo Boquet is nome rrom*
tered that he would be beyond ma» Barre, La., to spend the holidays
ing bis way alone and woulj be
loaded In an ambulance for convey
ance to some hospital.
Leo Boquet is home from* Port
iMr.' and Mrs. Jacob Seither leave,
for St. Louis Wednesday morning to
spend the holidays.
J. Roscoe Nichols of Savanna, Ga.,
is in the city to spend a few days
of humanity, but a with his parents, Mr. and Mrs. J. W.
of them Insist on Nichols, 1208 Des Moines street,
being next the curb, and these seem Dr. and Mrs. Chas. A Jenkins left
to be more advanced in their persist- this afternoon for the south to fe
ency of being on the contrary side of: gone for the winter.
things. The ones who walk next the Mrs. Simons of Summerville. fl. C.,
U. S. Walker of Clinton, and J. L.
Walker of Chloago, afre spending
Christmas week In Keokuk, visiting
with their father and sisters, M. V. B.
Walker, Miss Ethel Walker and Mrs.
A. J. Sears.
Superintendent and Mrs. William
Aldrich and daughter are spending
the holidays in Divemore, 111.
New Evidence of Insanity.
NEW YORK, Dec, 26.—Claiming
new evidence of the insanity of Dr.
Arthur Walte, confessed murderer of
John E. Peck ot Grand Rapids, Wal
ter R. Deuel, his attorney, and his
brother, Frank Walte, are preparing
to seek a new trial for the man now
awaiting death at Sing Sing.
OtJBSTS NAMES ON
"fhere were two very dls
tlngulshed arrivals at the Hotel
Iowa yesterday, according to
the register. Santa Clsus was
the first name on the December
25 page In the hotel register. A
few lines down the page was the
magic name of Mary Christmas.
Now If anyone can show up a
coutfe more notable and more
welcome thaa these they will
have to work hard.
MINNEAPOLIS TO KrEOKUK
Des Moines Register: Some months
ago the Register suggested in a tent
ative way approaching the state of
Minnesota officially with the view of
securing interstate co-operation lor a
soenic highway from Minneapolis to
Keokuk along, over and through the
bluffs of the Mississippi.
Was that a wholly visionary pro
posal, with nothing to justify tt to
the practical hard sense of a state
like Iowa or a state like Minnesota?
Or is there something in what other
states have projected and are al
ready doing to not only hint an op
portunity to xjf mid western states
but to actually rap us on the
In the first place, and this Is a
consideration of the most practical
sort,, such a scenic highway would
cojmeot cities and ooammlunlttefl of
far greater commercial importance
that any similar road in the United
States, and possible than in the
world. If the reader will but let
his thought follow the Mississippi
from Minneapolis to Keokuk he will
see that he is running along a great
commercial route, partly because the
Mississippi was the' original avenue
of traffic in the early days, but large
ly because subsequent conditions
have favored the cities and towns
located along the river.
We have said a great deal about
our great transcontinental roads like
the Lincoln highway, and locally the
Rivet- to River road, the White Pole
road, etc. But what one of them
serves now or will serve in the future
a greater community than would be
served by a Mississippi river road?
Another practical consideration l?s
this, that a road along the bluffs of
the Mississippi can be built at much
less coet per mile thaa other states
are spending-.on their senate raids.
In Pennsylvania ihe state road from
Philadelphia to Pittsburgh, crossing
the Allegheny mountains, runs for
several hundred miles over one moun
tainous range after anoUier, through
an unprofitable and sparsely settled
country. But the state road "f Pann
sylvania cannot be mentioned with
the Columbian highway of Oregon
from the junction of the Hood river
with the Columbia down to Portland,
through an unpeopled wilderness, out
for the most part through solid •rock
at tremenodus expense, and as sub
stantially built as an old Roman road.
The state of Washington is build
ing a road About the base of the
Olympic mountains. Its length wtoen
completed will be between 300 and
400 miles. Tliere is not now and
never can be any considerable settle
ment along the pond, On one ?ide
will lie the blue waters of Puget
sound or of the Pacific ocean, and on
the other will rise the^snow capped
mountains abruptly from the water's
edge. The hundred or more miles of
road already completed give but a
hint of the soenic beauty of the ride
New York Stocks,
American Car & Foundry 66
American Locomotive 78
American Smelter (common) ...105
American Tel. and Telg Co 12&%
Baltimore Ohio 84
Brooklyn Rapid Transit 82%
Canadian Pacific 167
Chesapeake ft Ohio 66
Crucible Steel 62
Brie, com 35
General Electric 16SM4
Illinois Central 105%
Lehigh Valley 78%
Missouri Pacific 1714
Southern Pacific 87%
Studebaker a 111%
Union Pacific ,.147%
U. S. Steel, com. 107%
Utah Copper J03
Western Union 97
Willys Overland 37%
One of the Mysteries.
Omaha World-Herald: It is one of
the mysteries of the age that some
preachers when they deem it their
province to advise and instruct the
people on their political duties, show
a spirit so narrow, intolerant and hate
ful afe to give the lie to the religion
they profess and blaspheme the name
of the gentle and lovinir Savior. They
cause intelligent and fair minded men
to turn from them in disgust. By their
action they make a joke of the mes
sage they profess to preach. Good
baet drvsrM routes it dotrcd.,
Attractive Tours ID
TUESDAY, DEC. 26^1916
that will be opened to the touri
when he scan surround the wondj
ful mountain range at his leia*
with all the comfortB of the finj
To mention another of the «c
roads having no commercial lmu
ance whatever, we have the
road (Massachusetts has built anw
to the extreme tip of Cape Ood, whJ
the PUgrtni fathers first touched 4
shores, and ttbere they rested ad
days before drifting across the
to Plymouth, to make -their per
ent settlement. Cope Cod is a fi]
hook of land running out into
ocean, almost wholly devoid of ail
thing to encourage habitation,
yet this Massachusetts roadway i«"
perfect as any city pavement in
newly paved coun,ty seats of Iowa.
To enumerate what Colorado
done to attract the tourist,
California has done, what the Kj
England states have done, what
land has done, would De to
duplicate without adding anything
the argument. The taot ie, er«
progressive state is looking after
scenic advantages, and is reaM
its harvest in a new way. "Why]
New England looking up? my
fanning in New England looking
It is the roads our shrewd and et,
omical Yankees have built, and bo
regardless of expense over mounts
ranges and through almost trackia
at the nmtter fre u|
mere dollars and cents standpoii
we ought to be shrewd enough ha
in the Mississippi valley to catch
For the tourist money of Iowa alo
on the Atlantic seaboard In the sv
mer and tfce Pacific seaboard in
winter, is paying the interest on
money Invested in tlie scenic hie
ways, and we ere doing absolui
nothing to either attract or to hi
the tourist, going or coming, so th
.it is all outgo with us and no i|
come. And all the while we have
most beautiful scenery in the
Frankly, why should not Iowa
•Mniring of the scenic highway on tl
own account, and why should
Minnesota be approached, for
states xnuat work together to make
success of a Mississippi river roai
and wby should we not do somethin
to keep our own people vierwli
"Iowa first" and persuad* the rest
the world to come to the ml&dle we
for a spring or fall vacation? Whi
ever may be said of the visionarM
on the Pacific coast—and they ar
not visionary at all. they are doln
more with their opportunities
anybody—nobody can question
sanity or the thrift of the Yankees
New England or of the Germans
Pennsylvania. If N^W England
Pennsylvania can afford to bulll
roads over the mountains, why out
not Iowa and Minnesota be lvne
gating the opportunities?
and honoaable men who will not ag
with them are publicly maligned
subjected to slander as spiteful as
is preposterous. They will paint
dazzlingly white a very much spotte
practical poUtlcian who is willing, fd
the gain's sake, to do their bidding
And they will daub with the muck a
the gutter a man of character and id
dependence whose only fault Is tha
his views on some issues—secular anl
political, not religious—are at varf
ance with their own.
Back in little old New York an add|
tion of $1 to the price of coal mounte
to 5 a ton when passed to the con
sumer buying by the pailful. Wondea
ful how a rise in price gathers volum|
as it slips along.
"Don't make me laugh, my lips arl
cracked," chuckled James E. Wet*
Chicago egg king, as he.listened t^
the clatter of the consumers. "I
stung last year," he murmured, "anfl
the public laughed good and plenty
Just because hens quit laying isnl
any reason wny I shouldn't hang ofl
lo mine. Seventy cents a dozen
February 1 looks good to me." Look!
like a cinch, but you can't tell wbajj
will hatch out.
A novel question confronts the pn
'bate court of Portsmouth, N. H. Ca
an American citisen legally will tb
bulk of his estate to an English reg
ment? Charles A. Austin, an eccen
tlric resident, wrote the provision Int«|
his will and the court is asked to
declare it void as contrary to public^
SUNSHIM AND FLOWERS
But meWVy tLs quidu eoBmint ud nmtaaii
the Lowrfll# Niwwlls Railroad. Solid tkron^i
SlLhimmJ Clii—rfn. IjjisiirfBssa
ear asrvics. Round trip toyrist tiekcts, —turn liatk
Tons 1st, ssls daily. Grcatsr variety roatas
New Orleans, Pensacola and the Gulf Coast Resorts
ROOTS or TH* MAGNIFICENT TRAINS
JMxte LhnUtd, Dixie Fig*. Th* Southland, axtd JadsaomOt Kxprm
For full particulars, rates, illustrated booUets, sligiatf car
tioas, eh., address
GEO. E. HERRING, Dir. Pass. Agt. L. &N. R.R.
304 North Broadway' St. Louis, Mfc
America, Cuba, Mobile,
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