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The daily Gate City and constitution-Democrat. (Keokuk, Iowa) 1916-1922, April 06, 1917, Image 1

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The Telegraph Service of The
Daily Gate City and Constitu-
is received over
our otto, leased wire.
VOL. 124. NO. 82.
The vote on the resolution
1373 to 50.
For the first time in history
woman voted on the question
war. With a sob and a pro
of her love of country, she
"no." The only things
now to make the state of
formal are the signatures
Vice President Marshall
ad President Wilson.
Marshall will sign the agree-
Qt document at noon in the
ate, then it will be sent
messenger to the white
muse. The first blows will be
nek at once against Ger
ay. Secret orders covering
iutionary steps within
without the nation will be
shed from Washington.
What these orders are, the
stration is concealing,
Mise of their military na-
The nation is now ready
money and for its men.
TO million youths will be
iited within the next two
Billions of dollars will be re
Measures covering
thesfe great needs are
heat Embargo May be Fol
lowed by Coal Emflkrgo
as a Reprisal.
Chas. p. Stewart, United Press1
t^BNOS AIRES, April 6.—Eng
"*8 Put powerful pressure on
[Wntlne to force raising of the
Scene in National Capitol in Early
Hours When Action Was Taken at
3:08 O'clock.
ijnited States Faces Germany Today as Enemy
and Will Strike at Once With All
Her Power.
iRObert J. Hinder, United Press
Staff Correspondent.]
aerica is at war.
the most dramatic
enes ever witnessed in oon
ss the house early today at
o'clock passed the resolu
tion which formally declares
enzmo as an enemy and
arcncfced the United States in
fight for the democracy of
on unimpeachable
today that the British gov
threatened an embargo
as A
reprisal on the grain
by Argentine. The
Manifest among
ne ofiHals today. They were
Id tu7
another inventory
I republic's
supplies. It
mis mil
drafted and ready for congres
sional action.
The first great war budget
asking over three and a half
billions, is up for discussion to-,
day in the house appropriations
The military committees
have been informed of the ad
ministration's selective con
scription bill to raise great
The closrng hours of the
congress debate on the war
measure were thrilling with
patriotism, though, however
there ran a chord of pacifism.
Miss Jeannette Rankin, woman
member from Montana, tear
fully announced that while she
wanted to support her country,
[she could not vote for war. Her
evident grief and the signs of
a mental struggle, brought
cheers from warrior and paci
fist alike.
Orders for seizure of Ger
man vessels in American har
bors have gone forth and the
tasks was under way this fore
While war steps proceeded,
prospects of other American
nations being brought into the
struggle loomed up. Brazil was
reported in news dispatches to
be on the brink of trouble with
Germany, while from Argen
tine came reports of British
pressure to force lifting of the
wheat embargo. Within our
own nation, all government de
partments redoubled their en
ergies in war tasks. There is
•was known, however, that without
British coal, sII railroads, all ship
ping and all industries in the nation
would be paralyzed. Argentine
could only survive with the greatest
privation. The situation so far has
been concealed from the Argentine
public, officials not desiring to reveal
that the government is under coer
Officially it was known also the
government is deeply concerned over
the influences "behind the disaffection
of Governor Ugarte of Buenos Aires
province to President Irigoyen's
authority.' It was predicted tfiat
Ugarte's removal from the governor
ship would be the government's next
step, provided it was ascertaine
such removal could be accomplished
without bloodshed.
There has been a long feud be
twen the state and the government
and Ugarte and Irogoyen.
to be a spirit of co-operation
and co-ordination that will
profit by the mistakes of other
warring nations toward the
end that the American war ma
chine shall operate smoothly
and capably.
WASHINGTON, April 6.—A wom
an furnished the most dramatic
scene of the most dramatic session
In the history of this nation's house
of representatives. The woman is Appr* AT
Miss Jeanette Rankin of Montana,
the first woman ever to sit in either
body of the country's legislature.
The house passed the historic reso
lution that says Germany has warred
upon this government amid stirring^
scenes at 3:08 this morning.
The vote, 373 to 50, was not un
expected, after the thrilling declara
tion of Representative Claude Kit.
chin, North Carolina, democratic
floor leader In the afternoon, that he
could not bring himself to vote the
country Into war.
Kitchin's speech swung a dozen or
more votes to the ranks of those
opposing the resolution.
When the long but always thrill
ing debate had at last been con
cluded, a stillness that seldom marks
houset proceedings settled over the
chamber. Then there was a stir in
thegalleries. "f"he'members, too, be
gan to shift about a moment.
The clerk drawled out the list of
names, recording members votes.
Solemnly they answered. Some(
voted huskily. Miss Rankin's name
was reached. The first woman was
to vote on war. Amid an embarrass
ing silence, weeping, she advanced
half way down the aisle from her
seat In the rear. A storm that had
ripped through Washington like a
noisy horde of cavalry and that
equalled even the intensity of the
storm that continued throughout the
president's address to the joint ses
{slon Monday night was on.
Even in the close packed chamber
I and galleries, the Intermittent rumb
ling of thunder could occasionally be
"I want to stand by my country,"
said this woman, choking, "but—I
can't vote for war."''
Thunderous, hysterical applause
from pacifist and pro-war sides of
the house alike greeted this frank
admission—woman's first official voice
in the house.
One had to yell and applaud to
jam down the lump in the throat.
But "the lady from Montana" had
slipped out a side door, grief strick
en, and she heard but little of the'
For seventeen noura the house had
[been in continuous session weighing,
I debating, almost fighting over the
momentous question before them,
Two hundred and twenty-five mem
bers had addressed the house.
Peace advocate had met war advo
cate, man for man until midnight.
Then the tension almost reached the
snapping point. Perspiration
dropped from members' foreheads.
Suddenly a motion was made to
reach an agreement by 12 or let the
matter go over until Saturday or
Monday. It never reached a vote:
As Good Friday was ushered in,
the house seemed as far from a vote
as at ten o'clock Thursday morr^nf.
Cries of "vote, vote," arose from all
sides. Debate had been limited to
five minutes, but names of those
I who wished to speak kept piling on
the list. At 1:30 a. m., Representa
tive Britten, Illinois, introduced an
amendment to the bill that would
have prohib ted use of American
troops in Europe.
Debate which had been repeated
two and three times during the day,
switched to this.
At 2:05 o'clock, after speeches had
been repeated and repeated, the
break came when Representative Mc
Gee, New York, announced:
"The house is ready for a vote. I
shall ask that my remarks be
tended to the record. Instead of
reading them and thereby save
A dozen followed suit. Majority
Leader Kltchin asked that it lay
over until Saturday. The motion
was defeated. Chairman Flood of
the foreign affairs committee, asked
{Continued on pace 2.)
.•SrA-.v-v.-5 ..-h-'* "W .a:. iT«
atib Cotustftutian-SBemocrat*
Proclamation Issued Today
'Declaring State of War
Exist* Between U. S.
and Germany.
Vigilance Urged Upon All Civil and
Military Officials In the Dis
charge of Their
[United Press'Leased Wire Service.]
WASHINGTON, April 6.—Presi
dent Wilson this afternoon issued a
proclamation to the people- of the
country declaring a state of war
exists between the United States and
the Imperial German government.
At the same time he especially
directed ail officers -of the United
States government, -eivif—er-'mllltary,
to exercise vigilance In the dischage
of their duties incident to such a
state of war.
At the same time he appealed to
all American citizens to uphold the
laws of the land and "give undivided
and willing support to those .meas
ures which may be adopted by the
constitutional authorities in prosecut
ing war to a successful issue and to
secure amiable and just peace.
The president's proclamation
Whereas, the congress of the
United States, in the exercise of
constitutional authority vested in
them, have resolved, by joint
resolution of the senate and
house of representatives bearing
date this day that the state of
war between the United States
and the imperial German govern
ment which has been thrust upon
the United States is hereby form
ally declared:
Whereas, it is provided by sec
tion 4067 of the Revised Statutes
as follows:
"Whenever there is declared a
war between the United States
and any foreign nation or gov
ernment or any invasion or pred
atory Incursion is perpetrated,
attempted or threatened against
the territory of the United States,
by any foreign nation or govern
ment, and the president makes
public proclamation bf the event
all natives, citizens, denizens or
subjects of the hostile nation or
government being male of the
age of fourteen years and- up
wards, who shall be within the
United States and not actually
naturalized, shall be liable to be
apprehended, restrained, secured
(Continued on page 2.)
[United Press leased Wire
—America's decision to
war for humanity came on
Good Friday—the day on
which Christ died for hu
While a storm raged
outside, the wind whip
ping about the capitol and
rain pouring down through
the darkness, members of
the house solemnly voted
that America should take
up the cross of war.
*r*t /fV
Grman Troops Make Desperate
Effort to Stem Advance
Against Lines at St.
BritisK Shell Blows up Dynamite
Stores, Rocking Countryside
Behind Teuton
[United Press
the German front around Sr. Quentin.
fighting in the Hhelms sector was
proceeding with unabated violence.
The French were forced to relinquish
a few trenches here, but for the mo.-it
part succeeded in recapturing those
points which fell in tlie first fnry of
the German attiick.
The Teutons' assault was attempted
over a front of more than a mile.
Meanwhile dispatches indicated
systematic progress in the encircling
movement, around St. Quentin by
both the French and British forces.
French Official Report.
PARIS, April 6.—French forces
made large gains north of Iandri
court, south of the Oise and also ro
occupied some of the trenches north
west of Rlieims. which were taken in
the first rush of the German attack monster
there yesterday, according to today's
official statement.
in« the night between the Somme and
Oise. the statement continued. North
of La Foile Four, the Germans coun
ter-attacked after a violent period of
artillery preparation, but th«\v were
checked by a curtain of the French
fire. There were numerous patrol
encounters in this same region.
Dynamite Supplies Blown up.
[By Wm. Philip Simms, I'nited Press
Staff Correspondent.]
AFIEI-D, April 6.—British artillery
fire today blew up a huge "minen
werfer", depot behind the German
lines near Arras. Flames rose to a
height of three hundred feet from the
fire«and the explosion of a vast quan
tity of dynamite stored there for the
mine throwers and grenades literal
ly shook the city of Arras.
The whole district near by was
Violently tilted by the concussion.
The German wireless claim of three
hundred British prisoners in the reg
ion of NoreuIL of whom 240 were
killed by the fire of British machinc-
{Continued on vacs 2.)
DeViteiy°to' relieve
pincer-iifce grip around st. Quentin
against the French line northwest
plainly to force hurrying of reserve,
The total number of Ger-
exerted by British and I renoh forces, tni-al I
picked German troops wore hurled
Rheims last night and todaj^ in one|»
of the most powerful
from other portions of the line to aid _icf,n o-nH nther
of the attacked French troops, thus
reiieving tne allied pressure against
diversions" at-J
delivered in force. Its object
FrODl Philadelphia Boston,
:ts New Orleans, Jacksonville,
Wilmington, N. C., San ran-
qpiyu're of
Front dispatches today declared tnejtne seizure OI -ni
ships. This signal was word:
firing continued active dur- port
the Waters OI
hastened on his early morning
Sinking of Steamer, With Loss
of Life, Has Caused In
tense Feeling.
Official announcement today of
the sinking of the Brazilian sto»imer
Parana, killing three Brazilian citi
zens, aroused the most intense anti
German feeling hera
Bain and warmer. Local temp
7p. m. 48 7 a. m. 34.
Action Does Not Violate! Treaties or Rules of
Warfare—Machinery Has Been
[U-nitvu PFeBS SfiPVlCfi]
NEW YORK, April 6.—
United States armed forces
seized all German ships in all
American ports today.
In ports on every coast of
the United States proper, and
States Armed Forces Take Ninety-onej
Vessels Which Have Been Interned
in American Harbors.
enterprise. All night long he
had waited for the order to
seize the ships. His deputies
—by scores—were on the
docks and piers in Hoboken,
New York and at Staten Is
land. When the word came,
in island possessions, marines .^he waiting men hurried
or blue, jackets went aboard I aboard. The German sailors
the enemy ships early today,j
made members of the German longings and were hurried
crews* prisoners and took pos-
ordered to pack their be-
to Ellis island. Thft
iters. jwillehad which has served as
man ships in American waters, submarine Deutschland, was
seized is ninety- seized.
uorts came re-
Whether any
cisco ana otner ports, ca date, however, is problemati-
ports during the morning oi Tn
J^To troll- I u- i»
4 ery 0f
In every m- wrecked
stance marines or blue jackets!^
were armed, waiting and ready
for the signal to take over the,
that the house had passed the countries were broken,
war resolution.
In New York harbor a long,
gray war-painted destroyer
waited anxiously on the wa
ter, just off the bow of the
giant Vaterland. Her guns
were trained on the enemy sea
launch of Collector
the mac*iin-
^e ships
of the shlt)s has been
crews were un-
instruct.ions to smash
cylinder heads and
same scenes were enacted
other ports.
In all cases the enemy sail
ors were sent to the impiigra--_0—
session of the vessels in the
name of the United States.
At Hoboken, N. J., alone,
eighteen vessels, including tlie
giant Vaterland, were taken tion stations, some later being
over. In all twenty-seven ships relied on parole.
were seized in New York wa-j At
London, the steamer
ship to the merchant
They represent a total ^he German vessels are now
subjefct to use by the United
of them can be
c0mmissi0n at
an early
most cases
the 3hips
relations between
according to earlier reports.
[United Press Leased Wire Service.]
NEW* YORK. April
German ships lying in the United
States have boen. or will be seized to
day by the United States govern
ment. The vessels represent a total
tonnage of and are lying in
nearly every Important port of the
couptry. At Kow London, Oonn.,
early today a party of United State3
Busy iduuiu marines boarded the North German
Churned Uoyd liner Willehad, removed the
men who form her crew and
the bay as he
(Continued on page 2.)
"The situation is most grave a
declaration ol war against Germany
[United Press Leased Wire Service]
RIO I)E JANEIRO, April 6.—
Brazil may declare war on Ger
may be declired," declared Foreign
Secretary Mulier today.
It was gent-rally expected today
that "Brazil would spize all German
ships interned in her harbors and
immediately proclaim hostilities
against Germany.
There was intense anxiety today
as to how -he situation would be
affected by the presence of five hun
dred thousand Germans in the Bra
zilian slate of Kio Grande.
Information here today indicated
that Bolivia would probably follow
Brazil in declaring war on Germany.
,.. if

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