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The daily Gate City and constitution-Democrat. (Keokuk, Iowa) 1916-1922, October 04, 1917, Image 1

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The Telegraph Service of The
Daily Gate City and Constitu
tion-Democrat is received oyer
our own leased wire.
VOL. 125. NO. 80.
reat British Smash Cfuts Path
More Than Mile Deep
Into German
Lines.
ARNIVAL OP DEATH
hree Whole Divisions Churned Into
Bloody Loblolly When Caught
In Barrage
Fire.
Wm. Philip SImms, United Press
Staff Correspond^.]
WITH THE BRITISH
-MIES IN THE FIELD,
ct. 4—British forces have ad
anced more than a mile deep
to the German lines in what
ced today to he one of the
ar's-greatest battles.
Prisoners already
&taken
each into four figures.
Several villages have been
"cen.
The drive was still on this
ternoon.
Haig struck his blow early
Lis morning, the climax to a
hirlwind of artillery that for
ays has beat relentlessly, un
asingly on the German posi-
In all respects the blow im
presses one as among the big
gest, if not the biggest, of all
the battles of the greatest of all
wars.
Fighting is on an unprece
dented scale of magnitude in
men, munitions, gpns and ter
ritory.
At Zonnebeke alone, three
enemy divisions (note—A Ger
man division ordinarily con
tains 15,000 men) were ordered
to attack and retake ground
they lost in the first staggering
impact of the British blow.
The Germans—tjie whole
three divisions—were caught
in the British barrage. The
terrific fire literally churned
the poor devils into a bloody,
loblolly.
State Food Administrators.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 4.—State mer
chant representatives announced by
the food administration today are:
Wyoming—H. C. Stevens, Sheridan.
New Mexico—C. O. Cushman, Al
buquerque.
Washington—A. J. Rhodes, Seat
tle.
Montana—Wi. (J. Strain. Great
Falls.
Bale of Junk Woilld Raise a
Fund to Make European
Kids Happy.
[^nited Press Leased Wire Service]
#*HICAGO, Oct. 4.—Children will be
-the rag-pickers during the war.
This is a plan evolved by Miss Lil
ian Bell, founder of the children's
Christmas ship Idea, as a means to
believe conditions of children in
Europe.
An organization of 40,000 children
throughout tie country will be formed,
Miss Hell plans. They will pledge
themselves to save rags, bottles, rub
bers, tin cans and other waste.
HEARST DINED
WITH PLOTTER
Bolo Pasha Was Paid Over a
Million by Bernstorff to
Influence French
(Newspapers
IS HELD AS A TRAITOR
German Activity at Vatican In Ap
pointment of Irish Bishop,
Made Public In
London.
[United Press Leased Wire Service.]
NEW YORK, Oct. 4.—Former Ger
man Ambassador Bernstorff's whole
corruption fund may bo revealed In
investigations under way In New York
today which have already disclosed
how Bernstorff sent nearly $1,700,000
to Bolo Pasha, for Influencing the
French press for peace. Bolo's recent
arrest in Paris, it was stated, was di
rectly due to fegldence uncovered by
American officials.
Attorney General Lewis, of New
York, made the records public toady
with sanction of the state department
and the French ambassador. They
show that Bolo Pasha made a flying
trip to the United States last year
to hold secret conference with Bern
storff, that Bernstorff advanced him
approximately $1,700,000 which was
cleverly transferred via four great
banks to Bolo and that Bolo, while
thus acting as Germany's secret agent
in New York, met a number of per
sons, including William Randolph
Hearst
Hearst, according to tlie evidence,
made public by Lewis, vas a guest at
dinner at Sherry's with Bolo Pasha.
The names of others who attended
the dinner are yet to be disclosed.
Twelve in all attended. Th« French
conspirator is said to have declared
that he hoped to "convert** Hearst
and was a guest in Hearst's home.
So clever was the manipulation of
funds given Bolo, that some of the
money went through J. P. Morgan and
company and some through the Can
adian bank, but so distributed that its
source could not" be traoed.
Bolo Pasha is now held In Paris as
a traitor. His work through interna
tional channels to corrupt certain
French papers in the interest of Ger
many, furnishes one of the most
amazing episodes of the war. I
The Bishop of Cork.
NEW YORK, Oct 4.—How Ambas
sador Bernstorff urged the choice of
Daniel Cohalan, cousin to New York
Supreme Court Justice Cohalan, as
bishop of Cork, in a letter to the
German foreign office dated August
23, 1916, was related in a London des
patch printed today in the Evening
World.
Daniel, Cohalan was ultimately
made bishop of Cork. His cousin the
justice was named in the recent state
department's expose of the Von Igel
papers as having played a prominent
part in negotiations with Germany
with regard to aiding the Irish revolt.
"This revelation of German activ
ity at the Vatican to influence in Its
supposed interest, the, election of an
Irish bishop has naturally caused
considerable of a sensation here," the
London despatch stated. "It is read
in connection with the pope's peace
moves 'and also in relation to the
efforts being made among English
Catholics to obtain support for the
pacifist intentions of his holiness."
German Agents Busy.
MEXICO CITY, Oct. 4.—The hand
of German agents was seen today in
labor troubles in the Tampico oil
fields, which furnish fuel for British
war vessels. Six hundred employes
of the Aguila Oil company are out,
(Continued on page 2.)
CHILDREN AS RAG PICKERS
TO FILL CHRISTMAS SHIP
A second organization, comprising
older boys, will be founded to act as
junk dealers. The plan is to have
them under state control with a state
audit of the books.
"The rags, bottles and rubber sold
by the ohlldren will go to save mil
lions of dollars for the manufactur
ers in this country alone," Miss Bell
said today.
Money received by the children
from the sale of the rubbish will be
equally divided between the organi
zation and the individual. The asso
ciation plans to use the fund to pur
chase supplies for a second Christ
mas ship to Europe. The plan will
be launched Monday afternoon when
*Mme. Sarah Bernhardt will address a
mass meeting of children bees*
Jb.ri* It*
Attack on Wide Front Early
This Morning Results in
Satisfactory Progress
5,0
Being Made.
PRISONERS ARE TAKEN
Key to German Lines Is Smashed by
Marshal Halg Who Threat
ens to Cut It
Open.
[United Press Leased Wire Service.]
LONDON, Oct. 4.—British troops
started successfully early today on
another "big puBh" In Flanders.
"East of Ypres, we attacked at six
o'clock this morning on a wide front
and with satisfactory progress," Field
Marshal Haig reported. "A number
have already been prisonered."
For ten days, London has been
eagerly awaiting just such news as
that contained in Haig's message.
During that time massed British
guns have been pouring a concen
trated Are of the greatest Intensity
the war has yet recorded on German
positions in the Ypres Sector.
The bombardment has been inter
spersed with desperate German as
saults. The enemy high command
realized the tremendous gun flre pre
saged another British drive and has
sought in every manner to mass
troops and guns to prevent It.
Nearly a week ago, correspondents
at the British front gave hint of what
was preparing. Then a day or so
later they aroused London's expect
ancy to the highest pitch by mysteri
ously announcing nothing would be
reported from the British front for
twenty-four hours. It was during
this time, the public figured today,
that Halg completed all j)Jans for the
drive.
Presumably Haig struck again to
day at the Passchendaele ridge line—
the strategic center of the German
front In Flanders. It Is the key to
the German lines from there to the
coast, the dominating geographical
citadel defending the Roulers rail
way and certain arteries of communi
cations with the German base at
Zeebrugge and Ostend.
German Official Report.
BERLIN, (via London) Oct. 4.—
Strong English attacks on the Flan
ders front were reported by the war
office In Its statement today. The
statement said:
"The fighting on the Flanders front
yesterday was similar to that of pre
ceding days, with the English launch
ing strong attacks in the Ypres dis
trict. This morning a stubborn battle
again developed in Flanders."
Fighting ot secondary importance
was retported in operations on other
fronts.
Austria's Peace Aims.
'[By John Grandens, United Press
Staff Correspondent.]
BERLIN, (via London) Oct. 4.—
Germany's "old guard" of eonserva
tlves were apparently surprised today
over the endorsement of liberal senti
ments contained in the speech of the
iContlnujad on s&ko 2.)
v"
Hil allii ®atc Citg
antJ Comrttottion-JBemocrat.
KEOKUK, IOWA, THURSDAY, OCT. 4, 1917
Hot Water anrKJVhips
Used on f/angry Germans
-J?
Berlin is Not Onb ***ucing Famine, Bat it is Already
A on it on a re a
[United Press Leased Wire Service]
SAN FRANCISCO, Oct. 4.—When bread lines in Mecklenburg, Germany, become rest
less, men pour hot water on those in line and apply whips unsparingly, according to Mrs.
George B. Szadelski, German wife of Sergeont Szadelski, U. iS. A., stationed at Honolulu.
She is in San Francisco today enroute to Honolulu after spending five months getting out of
Germany.
In Berlin, Mrs. Szadelski said, conditions are even worse. Famine, she declares, is not
merely imminent, but already present in Germany.
W. W. MEIERS
ARE TO RESIST
Those Arrested Outside of Chi
cago Will Fight Extradi
tion to City of In
dictment.
HALF UNDER ARREST
Big Trial Is Expected to' Start About
the First of the Year, .'With
Legal Battle In
prospect.
[United Press Leased Wire Service]
CHICAGO, Oct. 4*—Every I. W. W.
member arrested in other states un
der indictments returned here last
week, will fight extradition to Chica
go. This was announced today by
Otto Christensen, chief counsel 'for
the organization. He said that none
of his clients would "waive their con
stitutional right to fight removal" and
that they would force the government
to show cause In each case.
Etxactly one-half of the 166 men In
dicted have been taken into custody,
a government official stated. Seven
teen of these were Illinois men. The
others were arrested In eighteen
states.
Christensen and his associate, F.
A. Van Der Veer, of Everett, Wash.,
today were given access to the room'
full of evidence seized in the raids on
various headquarters.
Federal officials Intimated that the
government would be ready for the
cases to go to trial about January 1.
CHRISTMAS
FOR SOLDIERS
Plans All Made to Get Packages
Over to France by Sun
rise December
25th.
[By George Martin, United Press
Staff Correspondent.]
WASHINGTON, Oct. 4.—The war,
navy and postofflce department today
announced completion of plans to
deliver America's Christmas pack
ages to Uncle Sam's boys In the
trenches of France promptly at sun
rise Christmas morning.
Accompanying the announcement,
was the plea that all Christmas pack
ages "from home" be In the malls
not later than November 15.
"Measures have been taken," said
the statement, "to have all the pack
ages held for delivery at_convenlont
stations behind the front on Christ
mas morning. This will insure a real
Christmas to our boys in France If
your parcels are mailed here prompt
ly."
There'll be no chance for pro-Ger
mans to slip any "bomb packages"
over to the boys in the guise of
Christmas cheer. Every package
will be carefully Inspected on this
side.
"Be careful," added the statement,
"to put in nothing that is unmailable
under the parcels post regulations.
Wrap your package so it can be eas
ily opened by the examiner.
"The rate of postage of parcels to
France is 12 cents a pound fromlany
place in the United States.
"Every package must bear con
spicuously the words 'Christmas
mail,' the complete address of the
sender In the upper left hand corner,
and the complete address of the per
son it is going To.
"No parcel will be despatched to
France which has not the postmast
er's certificate that it contains no
prohibited articles. What these are
may be learned from your postmast
er."
GAINED AND STILL GOING
1 4
Unlimited Flow of Gold for
Carrying on Plots in United
State* Came From 1
:AV
Schmidt.
TELEGRAMS PRODUCED
Head of Institution in Session With
Attorney General, After Ex
posure Has Been
Made.
[United Press Leased Wire Service.]
NiEJW YORK, Oct. 4.—The unlimit
ed flow of gold with which Ambas
sador Von Bernstorff carried on his
propaganda and intrigue against the
United States while America and
Germany were still at peace, was re
vealed this afternoon as having Its
source direct from the Berlin foreign
office.
This revelation came on the heels
of disclosures which showed how
Bolo Pasha, now imprisoned In
France as a traitor, came to thi3
country to carry on his work of In
fluencing newspapers in behalf. of
Germany.
Hugo Schmidt, resident agent of
the Deutsches bank, of Berlin, ap
peared before Attorney General Lew
is, of New York state, in response to
a subpoena this afternoon, and turn
ed over to him copies of wireless
messages he had exchanged with the
bank In Berlin. These messages
showed the code name for Von Bern
storff was "Charles Gledhlll."
The code for the Guaranty Trust
company of New York where some of
the German funds were deposited
was "Fred Hoomen."
Another code, designated the Ber
lin foreign office. It was "William
Foxley." The first message sur
rendered by Schmidt was one sent
via Sayville by him to the bank in
Berlin, dated March 11, 1916. The
message said:
"Communicate with William Foxley
and telegraph whether he has placed
money my disposal for Charles Gled
hlll."
The answer dated March 13, said:
"Replying your cable, Gledhlll,
Fred Hoomen received money our
account. You may dispose accord
ingly."
On the same day, Schmidt sent the
following wireless to Berlin:
"Your wireless received. Paid to
Charles Gledhlll through Fred Hoo
men, $500f,000. Gledhlll requires
further $1,100,000 which shall pay
gradually."
On March. 17, the following reply
came to Schmidt from Berlin:
"You may dispose out of Fred
Hoomen on behalf of Gledhlll $1,700,
OflO."
This cable was signed "Direction,"
as were other cables from the bank.
The following report was then sent
by Schmidt to Berlin, March 18:
"Paid Charles Gledhlll further
$200,000."
On March 20 Schmidt wired tha
Deutsches bank in Berlin:
"Paid Charles Gledhlll $300,000."
Four days later, Schmidt sent the
following:
'iPald Charles Gledhlll further
$200,(H)0."
Continued on page 2.)
60 OVER TOP
Pershing's Men Practice Ad
vance on Enemy and Take
Wilson, Taft and Roose
velt Trenches.
ROUGH, MUDDY GROUND
Commander Urges His Men to be
Handy With Rifle, the
Great American
Weapon.
[By J./ W. Peglfer, United Press Staff
Correspondent.
AMERICAN FIELD HEADQUAR
TERS, FRANCE, Oct. 4.—Major Gen
eral Pershing watched his sammles
go "over the top" today.
He spent the day on a hill top in
the training grounds, critically view
ing his troops executing practice at
tack formations. The work was over
rough, muddy practice grounds or
through knee-deep yellow acres of
wild mustard.
The conoludlng drill was an attack
In force. Pershing, General Selbert
and three other American generals,
with a French general, followed close
behind the waves of the American
troops who advanced on a battalion
frontage.
With their grenadiers In front, the
eammles walked slowly behind an
imaginary barrage after leaving the
trenches. A volley of real grenades
reverberated through the v&lleys as
the line reached Its first objective—
the Wilson trench.
There a section detached itself—
the "moppers up." Others, maintain
ing the same leisurely pace, passed
on, with helmeted machine gunners
closely following. The machine gun
ners swarmed over the Taft trench
and conquered It. The whole of the
first attacking wave rested there. But
the .second advanced and after a
lively shower of grenades captured
Roosevelt trench, Including advanced
redoubts.
Pershing had his commanders tip
for a quizzing after It was all over.
He wasn't satisfied with the failure
of his men to stimulate gun flre.
"The rifle Is an American weapon,"
I he said. "The rifle and the bayonet
are most important. Grenades are
valuable as an auxiliary. I want
every American soldier to be able to
shoot."
The most dismal object In camp
today was a certain private languish
ing in the guard house after a brief
career of Parisian glory. He appear
ed in Paris wearing a French war
cross with palms which he claimed
had been awarded him for seizing an
air bomb during a raid and throwing
It Into a river before it exploded. In
reality, he bought his war cross for
six francs.
VROOMAN AT
CONVENTION
Assistant Secretary of Agriculture
Attends Meeting Which Is to
Form New National
Liberty Party.
CHICAGO, Oct. 4.—Carl Vrooman,
assistant secretary of agriculture, to
day attended the organization meet
ing of representatives of prohibition
ists, socialists, progressives, slngle
taxers and independents, who are
seeking to create a new national lib
eral party through coalition of these
elements.
Vrooman declared he was not here
officially, but admitted he was deeply
Interested in the movement.
"I am glad to see any body of men
get together with patriotic and lib
eral ideas, which we hope to see pre
vail In Germany and all over the
world to end the world conflict and
preserve peace," he said.
"Liberalism. Is not confined to any
one party, nor Is patriotism. I wel
come any patriot, whatever his party,
or any liberal whatever his party."'
Vrooman Is enroute from Fort
Wayne, Indiana, to Savannah, 111.,
where he will speak on war crops.
Two Concerns Take Eight Mil
lion Dollars Worth of
the New Bonds.
THE WEATHER
Pair and cooler. Local temp—
7 p.m. 60 7 a, m. 49.
EIGHT PAGES
WAR TAX
ON ALL
Revenue Bill Now Law an|
Additional Pennies Will
be Collected Through
out the Land.
EVERYBODY IS Hit
Auto Owner, Theatre Goer, Smokery
Traveler and Business Man Must
Help Pay for the
War.
[United Press Leased Wire Service.^
WASHINGTON, Oct. 4.—The wa?
tax toll on the iUnerlcan pocket boolfi
began today.
Within two months the buying pub
lic will be paying over the counter,,
through ticket windows of various
kinds—and almost everywhere else
the levies under the $2,635,000,00(1'
revenue bill, now a law.
Throughout the land today the highl
cost of drinking mounted with addl
tlonal taxes on hard, soft and medium:
beverages effective immediately. Auto
owning, "With a tax of three percent!
of the sale price, becomes moro'
costly. Pills, patent medicines and
chewing gum are hit.
Sporting goods, motor boats,
estates, inheritances, incomes, war
profits and other luxuries of the
wealthy are taxable immediately.
Smoking also may be more costly
within thirty days, with added taxes
on tobacco, cigars and cigarettes,
ranging from $1 to $7 a thousand on
cigars and from SO cents to $1.20 a
thousand on cigarettes. Even snuff
users will suffer.
On November 1 also the tax
on
freight and express packages—one
cent for each 20 cents charged—be
comes effective, together with a ten
cent levy on berths, seats or stats
room on pullman cars.
Every telegram, telephone or wire
less message costing more than fif
teen cents after November 1, will
bear a five cent tax and taxes of
.eight cents on each $100 of life in
surance and one cent on each dollar
of fire insurance also begin.
With a tax on "movie" and "legl»
tlmate" theatres after November 1 of
one cent on each ten cents admission
charged, the cost of "looking them
over" either on the screen or in the
"pony" row promises to mount. Th$
usual New Year outbreak will ba
more expensive with a new tax on
table reservations. It will cost 4
toll equivalent to 1 percent dues to
join a club after November 1.
Stamp tax on bonds, promissory
notes, bill of sale and playing cards
become effective December 1 as doea
the one cent tax on parcel post pack*,
ages costing 25 cents or more. Thai
additional one cent on letters is effec
tive November "l. Money raising
bills being disposed of, congress will
adjourn Saturday. House and senate
aro to pass the adjournment resalm
tlnn today. The senate also will pass
the soldiers and sailors Insurance
bill.
House adoption of the conference
report on the $8,000,000,000 urgent
deficiency bill is expected today. The
senate passed it late yesterday.
The civil rights bill, suspending
legal action on debt of soldiers and
sailors In foreign service may
sqeeze through.
One Certainty.
Mitchell Republican: One thing 13
very certain, and that is that no or
ganlzatlon and u/o Individual can or
will find favor In the United States un
less animated by genuine and unflag
ging patriotism, any time and all tha
time.
LIBERTY LOAN CAMPAIGN
IS NOT MOVING RAPIDLY
[United Press Leased Wire Service.]
CHICAGO, Oct. 4.—The Liberty
loan campaign in the Chicago district
was lagging a bit today, official esti
mates showing that scarcely more
than three percent of Its quota of
$700,000,000 has been subscribed.
The biggest single subscription in
the second drive to date is that of
the Chicago, Burlington and Qulncy
railway for $5,000,000. Sears, Roe*
buck and Company took $3,000,000
worth.
Over $100,000,000 Subscribed.
NEW YORK, Oct. 4.—New York
opened the fourth day of its Liberty
loan drive today with more thao
$100,000,000 already subscribed^

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