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The daily Gate City and constitution-Democrat. (Keokuk, Iowa) 1916-1922, June 24, 1918, Image 1

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The Telegraph Service of The
Daily Gate City and Constitu
tion-Democrat is received over
our own leased wire.
VOL. 126. NO. 148.
-.2. .-£&(.• //v:va w«i. jf
reat Numbers of Enemy Have Been Wiped
Out During Flight on Forty Mile
Lustri&'s Loss Has Been Over 200,000 Men in
Drive Which Has Been Broken
Jolted Press lowed Wire ServlcaJ
ROME, June 2*.—The Italians have
^ossatf the ptave in pursuit of the
sing Austrian*.
Numerous squads of our bombers
ave crossed the riw, where our ar
|lery and aircraft are hammering the
Considerable bodies of our troops
|ave reached the old Plave lines In
irfle sectors and are harassing the re
aring enemy.
Patriotic demonstrations were stag
I throughout Italy today. Flags were
Jlown, processions held and cheering
|rowds paraded the streets, singing
lie national anthem.
ROME, June 24»—The Austrian re
.eat across the Plave continues on
he whole forty-mile front from Mon
ello to the sea.
The Italians are closely pursuing
the enemy cutting them to pieces.
Infantry, cavalry, airplanes and
light artillery are co-operating In de
feating the Austriana' attempted rear
guard actions. Great numbers of the
enemy have been wiped out and an
nouncement of huge hauls of prison
ers Is expected hourly.
All the Italian guns lost on tMs
rout last week are reported to have
ieen recaptured. Nine Austrian dL
skms (lOe^OO men) have been oom
etety anoUiHated. Fifteen others
ave been worn out In the San Dona
lave region, where entire regiments
ave been destroyed.
The total Austrian .losses In the
rive are now estimated at more than
,000. The ftaflan losses in killed,
and captured are only 40r
i, according to a semiofficial state
Infantry and cavalry forces have
crossed the flooded river In the re
jgrfon of Capo Silo, It was semi-offi
cially stated today.
The western bank of the river has
been practlcaffy cleared of the Aus
trian*. Morrtelto has been entirely
retaken. Only a few points on the
right bank from Zeneon southward to
the sea are now occupied by the
enemy. The Italians have taken
thousands of additional prisoners.
Great quantities of material have
been abandoned.
The iaborts indicate that General
Ola* s^zed the psychological moment
for renewed and vigorous counter
attacks along the whole liver line
when the Austrians had only two
bridges of any size. The others had
been swept away by the flooded
waters, leaving the enemy detach
ments on the west bank short of food
and munitions and without means of
obtaining reinforcements.
The retreat will leave the Aus
triana in a wsm position, both mili
tarily and politically, than before they
started their drive a week ago yes
terday. If they yield ail the ground
they captured they yrill have to 'ace
their enormous losses in man power
without any concrete objective hav
ing been obtained. This not only will
have a serious effect on the army's
morale but will add to the already
serious depression at home.
There is considerable speculation
as to the effect the retreat on the
iPiave will have on the impending
renewal of the Austrian drive south,
ward from the mountain area. It has
been known for several days that the
enemy had massed heavy forces in
the mountains preparatory to an
other effort to reach the Venetian
plain*. Whether the Piave defeat
will hasten this drive as a diversion
or will cause Its Indefinite postpone
ment Is problematical.
British troops, In a surprise attack
south of Asiago, penetrated the Aus
trian lines, killing more than 100 and
bringing back 31 prisoners.
Ten enemy machines were brought
down, bringing their total of aerial
losses during the drive to ninety-five
airplanes and six observation bal
Eight Killed in Action, Four
Died of Wounds and For
ty 3nght Wounded.
'ftlnfted Press I/eased Wire Service]
WtASHESTOrrCXN, June 24.—Sixty-two
'rauroaltles were reported by General
Pershing to the war department to
day, divided as follows:
Bight killed In action.
Hour dead from wounds.
Two dead fro** disease.
iPorty-flve severely wounded.
Three wounded (degree undeter
Killed id-, action:
Prank A. Rafferty, Ire­
land Privates C. at Gelden. Hoqulam.
"Wash. p. H. Gille, Gratiot, Wis. J
Kaaieski, Runaia W. C.. Jackson,
Salad, Ore. J.SaTinaky, Poland M.
I* Sfielton, T$yetteville, AA: G.
tTrsolao, Worcester, Mass.
Died of disease.
Privates B. Dillon, Peru, N. Y. L
Hnnter, Lafayette, Ala. gfc*
Died of wounds
lieut. E.
TdaUson, Baltimore,
Corporal L. A. Taylor, Phila­
delphia Privates B. P. Hoerr, Ports
mouth, Ohio p. £. Samwatt, Vernon
bo tel» Boise, Idaho.
The allies have lost eleven planes.
Cavalry Crosses Rhrer.
ROME, June'
him crossed the middle Plave, In ad
dition to tira bridging of the lower
river, and 1b chasing the fleeing Aus
trians along the east bank, It -was an
nounced today.
Two thousand Austrians were cap
tured at Montello last night.
45,000 Austrian Prisoners.
WASHINGTON, June 24.—Counter
Btta^Ving in the face of German re
serves, the Italians have broken
through the Austrian line at Cella
Bella and are threatening the retreat
of the enemy after crossing the Plave.
(Continued on page 2.)
Wounded severely
Sergt O. C. Johnson, Deoorah,
Iowa Corporals C. C. Castor, Ira,
Iowa C. Turner, Hamburg, Ark.
Privates C. Allen, Kent, Ohio A. An
derson, Eldridge, N. I). L. T. Ball,
Cleburne, Texas P. E- Cagle, Clinton,
Ky. J. A. Cleary, Scranton, Pa. M.
A. Cunningham, Cincinnati, Ohio K.
Deppiessee, Pemwood, Miss. M. B.
Duham, Bine Mountain, Miss. J. H.
Bnsley, Ainsworth, Neb. M. iSrtey,
Wallins Creek, Ky. J. J. Green,
Cleveland, Ohio W. D. Hammer,
Fottsrille, Pa. G. Hoffman, Berne,
Pa. O. T. Huber. West Hope, N. D.
J. Kacsmarcik, Hegewisch, III. B.
"Langeland, Berg, N. D. O. Martin,
Ralston, Wy. J. M-ullen, Cincinnati,
Ohio R. W. Pront, Newport, Ky. W.
Reid Jr., 01
dorado, UL A- D. San
der, Vlncennes, Ind. M. Siefert, Mil
waukee H. Swanson. Janesvllle, HI.
Swanson, Chicago P. Tomas, Ches
ter, Pa. S. Wioncek, Flushing, Ohio.
Wounded (degree undetermlnea):
Private C. W. Anderson, San Fran
On Canadian Ust.
OTTAWA, Ont, June 24.—The fol
lowing Americans appear In today's
Canadian casualty list
Presumed to have dled.r,S?!S£
p. Christeneaen, Woodland, Wash.
Goldm Dale.
Not Present at Coroner's In
quest, But Reported to be
Under Arrest at
'Flagman of Circus Train Set Three
Torpedo— and Used
Two Lighted
'[United Press Leased Wire Service!
HAMMOND, Ind-. Jane 24.—The
whereabouts of Engineer ASotnzo Sar
geant of the troop equlproent train
•hut tore through! a Hjaeeurbeck-Wal
lace circus train at Ivanhoe, Indiana,
earty Saturday, killing and injuring
scores of circus people, was a mys
tery to the county authorities here
when the coroner's inqu%"3 opened to
Sargeant was reported to fca under
arrest at Kalanrasoo, MkdL, but Cor
oner H. C. Greene had not been noti
fied. Greene declared he wodM Hie
charges against Sargeant and insti
tute extraditions proceedings to bring
htm to the Inquest if necessary. Fire
man Gustav Klaase of teh equipment
train, gave himself up to the authori
ties today and testified at the in
quest. The polloe would permit no
one to question Klause before he was
taken before the .cop-oner's Jnry. Ru
mors were current that Klause was
alone in the engine cab when the acci
dent occurred.
Oscar Tinn, flagman of the circus
train, was tire first witness to testify
at the Inquest Thm swore that wb«i
the circus train stopped at Ivanhoi
he ran 200 feet to the rear and placed
a "stop" torpedo. He then ran back
another 100 feet and placed two othel
torpedoes on the rafl. The equip
ment train, he said, was two miles
beck when the circns train stopped.
After placing the torpedoes, Ttan de
clared he ran at top speed toward the
oncoming equipment train, placed a
lighted fuse beside the track, and
lighter a second -which he hurled at
the engine cab as the train roared
•past. The train was running at a rate
of about twenty-five miles an hoar, he
testified, and could hare been stopped
in 150 feet.
R, W. Jotmsofe, conductor of the cir
cus train, corroborated TlnnTf testi
mony. Klause then was called to the
Another check of bodies In Ham
mond and Gary morgues by Cor cm el
(Continued on page 2.)
The government of the Unit
ed States stands today in the
extraordinary position of call
ing, on the one hand, for the ut
most publicity for its indus
trial program, the conserva
tion of food and other essen
tial products, the floating of
its great war loans and the
Stimulation generally of pa
triotic support of the war and
ion the other, through the
Action of congress and the post
office department, of deliber
ately cutting down the newspa
per circulation on which so
much of this publicity must de
pend, through insistence upon
a scheme of second-class postal
rates by xomes, establishing
rates in the outer zones that, in
the case of the bulk of maal
circulation, will be prohibitive,
frnd frankly declaring that,
through these methods, ^it pro
poses to reduce the volume of
/'V'. j»jrar
still Comttttotion-J&tmocraL
United Press
War Summary
[United Press Leased Wire Service.]
1,422nd day of the war 96th day of
the big offensive.
Italian front: The greatest military
*efeat suffered by Austria In thKN&jr
appears to be In the making. /V
Semi-official reports indict"
Emperor Kari, who evidently had
returned to Vienna because of the po
litical and economic situation, la re
ported to have hurried back to the
front yesterday.
Plcardy front: The allies took pris
oners and Inflicted casualties In raids
and patrol encounters.
Flanders front: Fifty German pris
oners were taken by the British near
Meter en.
Marne front: Italian troopa south
west of Rbeima repulsed another Ger.
man attack In sharp fighting.
The Americans today advanced
their Roes 400 yards In BeTleau wood,
iqrnet^ig •eMttS, .'
Olse front: A German raid
frustrated near Antheull.
Lorraine front All American
tora were quiet.
Italy and Austria.
[By J. W. T. Mason, "United Press War
NEW YORK, June 24.—Italy has
wrested the offensive from the Anstro
Hungarians. How far the initiative
can be pressed depends on the condi
tion of the heavily flooded Plave river.
The Austro-Hungarlan troops, on the
western 'bank of the river were cut off
from their bases of supply by the im
possibility of transporting materials
across the torrential stream. Italy
may encounter similar difficulties in
following up the present drive against
the invaders. If the Piave suddenly
returns to its normal sluggishness, the
retreat of the Hapstrarg armies may
then be turned into a disastrous rant,
might force the Austro-Hungar-
(Continued on page 3.)
[New York Times.]
published material that the
tnafla will be permitted to car
ry. The present common coun
try-wide rate of one cent a
pound for both newspapers and
periodicals, upon which the
present great business of the
•postoffice department has been
built up, is to go from a mini
mum of V-A cents a pound—a
little later to
the retreat across the Plav/ oe
come an utter rout. Bouth tfV tary
and political effects of thi^* jinent
are expected to be more rp /aching
than In earlier retreatr Galicia
and Serbia when A tarty /d apd re
serves were plentiful/^
Italian cavalry a a /sntry has
crossed the Wave/JF Capo Slle re
glon at the poi
made their
drive. Only
tween that
the Austrians
.:Afvance b» this
Austrian detach,
west bank be
and Zeneon, five
miles bo the north. The Important
Montello crest, which at one time waa
almost wholly In the hands of the en.
emy, has been entirety reclaimed.
Thousands of Austrians are being
slain In their precipitate flight. Other
thousands probably are being eaptur.
ed. Enormous quantities of materials
are being, abandoned. The Itallana
have recovered all the guns they lest
In the Initial stages of the Austrian
Woevre and Vosges regions: There
was active artillery ffghttng last night.
Austria-Hungary: Strike demonstra
tions continued Saturday in Vienna.
Crowds again attempted to storm the
German embassy. The police dispers
ed them.
Emperor Karl refused to accept the
resignation of the Austrian cabinet.
The Hungarian ministry is reported
to have resigned.
cents— in
the rones immediately sur
rounding the office of publica
tion, to a maximum that would
run from something like 6
bents a pound where the news
land advertising sections axe in
equal proportion, to higher still
'where the advertising portions
fill more half an issue.
Outspoken Germans Are Say
ing Campaign is Failure
As Army has Not Made
Strikers Cry Down Wftb Garmanyr"
and Are Dispersed In
March to the
[By William Philip Starns. United
Press Staff Correspondent.]
FRANCE, June 24.—Ideal fighting
weather that is almost unprecedent
ed continues on the west front, yet
there Is nothing more serious than
the continuous Jostling for position.
There is nothing mnre to delay
Hlndenbnrg's next thrust In the west
The Austrian offensive, scheduled
to fill in the pause of the Franco-Brit
ish front, was expected to serve as
While on a recent vis
ft to Paris I
was told by a certain personage from
Switzerland that German public opin
iln Is bechning exasperated at Hin
denbursTs delay. Plain spoken Ger
mans are c*ntng the campaign a fail
ure, he* said, pointing opt the army
has failed to reach any of the prom
ised vital points.
A desperate attempt to redeem the
German fall-down is expected shortly.
German soldiers formerly held priso
ner In Russia have arrived on the
west front. Others are being rapidly
brought in, following a brief leave.
Lower Meat Ration.
COPENHAGEN, June 24,—Under
Secretary of State Muller has In
formed the reichstag food committee
that lower meat ration for Germany
probably will be necessary, it was
learned here today.
With Grain of Salt.
[By Carl D. Groat United Press Staff
WASHINGTON, June 24.—Fearing a
demoralizing rout of her ally, Germany
is rushing reinforcements to Italy,
army men were informed today.
With the Austrians in disorganized
retreat across the flooded Piave and
harre8sed by, the Italians, French and
British, such aid is the only thing
that will prevent an Austrian dis-
(Continued on page 2)
It is the contention of the
'postmaster general and of
some members of congress that
the seoond-class material has
been carried by the govern
ment "at a loss" that the
present legislation is intended
to turn some part of that loss
into gain. As a matter of fact,
as has repeatedly been shown,
jthe government itself stands
too loss at all in the carrying of
second-class material Even if
there were a government loss,
I the amount of the outlay would
j'represent the cost of a govern
iinent service to the people, and
a profit C. newspapers.
[By Lowell MeHett, United Preas
Staff Correspondent.
MARNE, Jane 24.—(4:20 p. m.)—
The Americans in Belleaa wood to
day drove forward 400 yards, des
pite fierce resistance. They Inflicted
severe losses on the enemy, captured
a number of machine guns and then
dug themselves securely lotto their
new lines. Only a little fringe of the
wod now remains in the hands of
the Boche.
Despite their ideal defensive posi
tion, the Germans suffered heavily.
The American losses were not dis
proportionate to-thair gains. The
Germans heavily bombarded Chat
eau-Thierry with gas shells today.
The enemy is constantly increasing
its defense in this region, improving
trenches and establishing barbed
entanglements and machine gun nest
Machine Gun Nests.
[By Lewell Mellett United Press
Staff Correspondent.]
MARNE, June 24.—-The Americans
are still engaged in driving isolated
German detachments out of the
northern edge of Belleau wood,
where the enemy Is clinging to a few
cleverly concealed machine gun
I visited these American units
yesterday. The rocky uneven ground
is covered with dense undergrowth
and small trees. The trees are
mangled and the ground torn by
shell explosions.
Hundreds of former Boche dugouts
are now occupied by Americans,
whose advance left a trail of cap
tured material. The AJhericans also
lost some of their own. The latter in
cludes not only war articles, but
great numbers of empty cigarette
tobacco and hardtack cases, trinkets
and treasured photographs.
Occaslonly there is a grave. Atop
the fresh earth of one there was a
soldier's helmet and a bunch of red
popples. These flowers have been the
regiment's insignia Bince an officer
wore a bunch into the fight and was
isolated in a shell hole for two days
with the dew from popples as his
only water.
Germany Will Ask to Keep
Russia if She Gives up Bel
gium and France.
[United Press Leased Wire Service.]
WASHINGTON, June 24.—Germany
is preparing for a vigorous peace move
at the expense of Russia, government
authorities here are convinced.
I To meet this anticipated move, a
tremendous effort is being made to
bring about unity of purpose in Rus
sia between the United States, Great
Britain and France.
The need for some agreed policy is
I admitted. Germany, Iby launching- a
peace offensive, offering to give up
[Belgium, northern France and make
satisfactory settlements with Italy pro
vided she be allowed to expand in Rus
sia, would confront the French and
|'British governments with a very ser
ious problem.
The time has come, allied diplomats
I say, when President Wilson, if he will
'not sanction Japanese intervention in
Americans Push Forward 400 Yards and Them.
Dig in Securely at New Lines 1i
Formed. v- I
Russia, must come forward with some
alternative If Russia Is to be saved.
Finns are Awakening.
[By Joseph Shaplen, United Press
Staff Correspondent.]
STOCKHOLM, June 24.—Thorn
well Haynes. American consul at
•t Ste. -.i.-i,
hrff fc
British Successful Raid Which Kills Many Ger- _£.
mans and Captures Half Hun
dred Prisoners.
Thtrndershow ers tonight Lo
cal temp—8 p. m. 79 8 a. m. 62
I witnessed the burial of Captain
H. A. Darsche, Chicago, who waa
killed by a shell. A Catholic priest
conducted the service^
If wood life is bad for the Ameri
cans, it Is worse for the Germans.
A captured letter written by a Hun
on Friday says:
"Our canteens have not come up.
The Americans, are bombarding the
villages 16 kilometers (between nine
and ten miles) behind the front. We
are in one corner of the wood. The
Americans .are in the other. They
rash us without warning, so we
shoot at every noise.
I- -We file bwe day aad ni^l^-werf^Sf. a
have no blankets and nearly freeae .,
every night. The food Is miserable."
Submarine Figures.
AMSTERDAM, June 12.—German
submarines sank a total of 641,000
tons of shipping during May, accord
ing to an official statement issued^,
in Berlin. ]H,:
The statement also Baid that in
addition to the losses announced for
April 56,000 tons were taken into al« 4j
lied ports, badly damaged.
.. .J3
According to allied statements, the
total tonnage lost during April was
305,000, about half of what the Ger
mans claimed. No allied announce
ment has been made of the total for
May. .5^.
Fifty Prisoners Taken. \u,
LONDON, June 24.—Successful op
erations in Flanders and at other
points on the British front were re
ported by Field Marshal Haig today.
"Many Germans were killed and
fifty prisoners taken in a successful
minor enterprise south of Meteren
last night," the statement said.
"Casualties were inflicted and pris
oners captured in night raids and
patrol encounters elsewhere on the
Chaplain Killed.
[By Frank J. Tylor, United Press
Staff Correspondent!
LORRAINE, June 24.—Chaplain Wal
ter F. Cankers, of Worcester, Mass.,
(Continued on page 2.)
Helslngfors, today notified Ambass
ador Morris that the Finns are be
coming aware of Germany's real in
tentions toward their country.
"Until May 15, the Finns believed
Germany intervened in, Finland from
sympathy for them," Haynes said.
"Now the Finns are realizing that
Germany's motive are not so unself
"Large German forces are moving
northward from Helslngfors, evident
ly toward Murman. German propa
ganda is endeavoring to persuade the
Finns that Great Britain is arranging
to seize Murman and Carelia. At the
same time, Germany is encouraging
a breach between the Finnish and
Swedish speaking classes, in order
eventually to dominate Finland."
According to the Stadsbladet, Rus
sian military leaders asked the Bol
shevikl for Instructions regarding
the Finn expedition into Murman.
Moscow replied that no action would
be taken, in view of the Finos' inten
tion to occupy only what territory
Russia had promised already to them.
Discontent is rapidly growing In
The government is entirely in the
hands of the Germans. The socialists
are refusing to participate Hi govern
mental affairs, owing to this German
Influence. Red guard prisoners are
being treated brutally. They are
starved by the hundreds and shot,
vtthoat tziaL

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