.30 YEARS OLD
TO OUR CORRESPONDENTS
Thursday next is "Exira Day" at
the Audubon County Fair and the!
Journal force is promised a holiday,
and advertisers to have their copy
sent in, or ready when we call, a
day earlier than usual.
This will be appreciated by the
iNinteen years ago when afrmer's
Creameries were few and far be-'
tween i,n this part of the state sev
eral progressive farmers, of Audubou
township, organized this association
signing personal notes for the cosst
of the frame structure and machin
ery most, of which will now be
abandoned. So successful in the
•face of the strongest competition!
possible, was this venture that at
meeting of the patrons several
months ago it was unanimously
voted to ea-ect a new. creamery. A
new site has been secured afford
ing a better drainage and an, ample
supply of water. The new building
will be built of vita-ified brick with
slate roof and cement floors and
equipped with up-to-date machinery
according to plans furnished by
the Uairy department of Ames. The
foundation walls are in and Bunga
low George will rush the work as
fast as possible hoping to complete
the job and get 'the machinery iiir
8tailed before snow flies.
Mr. Jenseal has been with tliia
creamery ten years and lias served
to the entire satisfaction of the
patrons. What he can do with Qew
machinery anJd in a suitable bulldi
Inig iretmialma to be seten. It is to
he hlofped that future directors will
see fit to employ Mr. Jensen as
.Jong [email protected] hje wishes to remain.
We can say without fear of con
tradiction, that no creamiery has
paid out more money to its patrons
Oin the same investment,, thus fur
nishing the strongest a/rguiment far
co-operation among farmers.
SEEING THE COUNTY
.We took a fine auto ride one af
ternoon last week with County Sup
ervisor Soreu Madsen, with his son
Nels at the wheel. Mr Madsen had
some men at work on the highways
and he was inspecting work finish
ed and repairs that need to be at
tended to before snow flies.
Mr Madsen's heart is in his work
and Audubon* County is receiving
his very best efforts. Being a suc
cessful farmer, and heavy tax pay
er lie himself is right at home in
getting all the good that is possi
ble, out of the people's money ex
pended through his official acts.
He is careful im the examination
of the bridges and culverts and is
not taking any risks by which the
County will have to pay damages
by neglect of proper attention.
Through Mr Clark's work last
year and now followed by Mr Mad
sen's keen foreeight the beautiful
The new road from I-lanilin to the
County line east is in a. fair wav to
toe a me of the best county roads we
THE RIVER TO RIVER
ROAR LAST WEEK
either going or comtog over this
Weather conditions had made it
a. masterpiece of work, smooth as
a floor all the way from1 Council
Bluffs to Des Moines.
Hundreds from the Bluffs passed
thru here tenting equipmeIlt
ttached tQ th^ir wMle
«lat they mar atteao. "V r^abte u, the
W* tberefor askoureoTrespondents!
trallsceilnts gol,ng and comiug over
the Short Line by way of Elk Horn
lAutomobiling over such roads,
with such sublime scenic, inter
persed wit good little towns, with
one great object in view—The Iowa
State Fair—then home, was fair
mo-re pleasurable than any railway
yet built between Council Bluffs
and Des Moines.
George Basham of Fayette, Idaho
visited from Wednesday until Friday
with Ms uncle, George Paige and
ia Exira until he
was 17 years old but has not beem
in Exira for the past 29 years.
The first for the season 1916 will
be at the residence of Mr A
Christensen, 4 1-2 miles west, 3-4
mites east of Brayton. 1 mile east
Hansen Heights. 5 miles southeast
Elk lloiii. On Tuesday, September
1-th, 10 o'clock. Free lunch at noon
At Martin Overgaard's. On the
William Thie lea farm 3 1-2 miles
south, 1-4 miles east of Exira. 3
1-2 miles east of Brayton. On Tues
day, September 19th at 10 o'clock.
Free Lunch at noon.
Marius Jecsen. On the old Early
farm 2 miles south and 1-2 mile
east of Exira, The City Beautiful.
On Thursday, September 21st. Free
lunch at noon.
BE FEAfl TO ..
TELL THE TRUTH
N Pope, president of the Texas
Farmers union, has given out the
following statement commenting on
the e4ght-liour law passed by con
"The people of this nation have,
during the last week, passed thru
the most humiliating experience
this government has ever endured.
A few laibor ui.iion leaders have
stood at the portals of congress de
mantling the government give them
a rapBoni or they would wreck so
ciety. This nation, instead of meet
ing the situation bravely, has de
livered the goods in fear and trem
bling. Our American congress has
stood within the shadow of the
goddess of justice and voted au in
crease in wages to 400,000 train
men wiio are the highest paid lab
orers in the world and never at any
time mentioned the 350,000 track
men who are perhaps the poorest
paid workmen in the world, ami
who must subsist almost totally up
on the crumbs that the trainmen
leave upon the table.
"JVlien cotton was selli/ng for 6
cents per pouyd two years ago and
poverty stalked over the southland,
causing a greater financial loss to
thi-southern plowmen thaim the free
ing of the slaves, congress confessed
inability to cope with the situation
ai.i stepped aside letting this awful
burden fall upon the backs of the
River to River road has a nation- plowmen pleaded with camgress for
al leputation with all Interstate relief, but we were told that 'It
Probably not another public high- Bill and Gus Heckman are slow
way in Iowa was used as much last: \y recovering. They are still under
week or during the Iowa State Fairj the nurse's care.
Sis was the supremely grand trail
•known* to its friends as the Great! Mrs Ruth Hopkins returned to
River to River Road, and to its her home to Casey, Saturday after
enemies aa '-Small Town Stuff."
IA.11 diay and all ®ight some one was Faust and wife of 3£e»t Baira.
the soil. The organized
constitutional for the
government to undertake to fix the
price of cotton or to advance monev
cotton in storage ai.xl that con-
gress is a slow moving body
could not meet emergencies.'
Mr and Mrs Niels Mikkelseiti' and
two children, Aage and Lena, left
Saturday morning, for Council Bluffs
driving there in their jitney, re
turning home Thursday evening.
visit with her parents George
MI WAS DONE 10
We didn't get the strike, but we
seem to have got something worse.
The railroad brotherhoods secured
an advance of twenty-five percent
in wages that were already far
higher thani most laborers get. They
don't pretend that it was deserved
Iu refusing to arbitrate, they ac
knowledge instead that it was. in
defensible Being accomplished by
force, there was precisely as ILUCII
fairness and justice' about it as
there is about being held up by an
outlaw with a gun'.
The railroads are not complaining
as bitterly as we might expect. The
reason is clear. They have receiv
ed the assurances of increased trans
portation rates if this is found to be
necessary as everybody admitsi it
This saddlles the load upon the
public, and particularly upon/ the
farmers, who pay the freight both
upon what they seill and upon what
It is the first time in the nation's
history that our law-makers have
enacted a law under actual compul
sion or duress. The farmers were
thrown down. They were even tram
pled under foot. Worse yet, the
president and congress were so anx
ious to do it that the administra
tration bilil was put through in rec
The farmers will take on the .new
load af course. What can they do
else? It was a grevious injury com
mitted by those whose duty it is to
see that all classes are treated
fairly and justly in governmental af
Perhaps the most charitable view
to take is that the administra
tion, wants the union labor vote.
No other motive is visible. But the
injustice of the affair will not rankle
the less in the minds of the victims
because of this. A full knowledge
of what wag done, who did it and
why, o.r.fly make6 the injustice and
unfairness looim larger.
FORMED MM CO.
Missi Gretchen Horning, a daughtei
of the late Mr. Fred Horning and
wife, of Audubon, and a sister of
William Horning and Mrs. John
Crow of Cameron township, came to
her death in Sioux City, Sunday
The remains were interred in Au
dubon, Tuesday. Miss Horning was
aii excellent young woman and had
a host of friends. The sympathy of
all' is extended to the family.
WHO CM BEAT
"Mr Hi Heath of Exira brot a stalk
of corn to our office that measures
14 feet lioui'g with one large ear
OIL it, nearly seven feet from the
The remarkable part of this story
is, that it was raised on land that
has had corim on it Cor twenty years
Exira is on the River to River
lli ilu.d-enhall one of the great
est characters that ever lived in
Audubon county, died at his home
in Audubon, yesterday. He has liv
ed in Audubon county since. ISTti
Obituary next week.
Eighty-one rural carriers of Cass
county were royally entertained by
the business men of Cumberland on
Monday at the annual carriers pic
nic. Free ice ct«am and a five-reel
special moving picture were furnish
"L.y ••, .#
Boost For Exira, Tiie City ZBesnatif-u.!
EXIRA, IOWA, THURSDAY, SEPT. 7, 1916
ed and a hall opened in which they
'|After a basket dinner in the base
men of the E church, the car
riers and many visitors adjourned
to the Lyric theatre. Here a pro
gram of speeches and recitations
was given. Two ministers and one
were the speakers, but did
not queer the picnic. County Attor
ney Tom Whitmore was obtained
at the last moment to take
the place of Rev A Breeling, who
had prepaired to speak but was un
able to be present He made a
pleasing talk and was well received.
Rev Eli Looney and Elder Cor
bitt o£ Cumberland gave talks. Pa
pers were read and discussions led
by A Perkins of Atlantic, Charles
Eberle of Cumberland and Reed
of Wiota. The carriers returned last
night to their homes, well pleased
with their treatment at Cumberland
Frank Basham and wife and Jim
Hicks and wife attended the Rural
Carriers Meeting for Cass county at
Mr Basalim has driven one of the
routes for Exira for eight years and
Mrs Basham, his wife has been his
faithful substitute. While Mr Hicks
has driven for five years and Mrs
Hicks his wife has been his sub
SWEET BABY BOY
Mr. ai.d Mrs Andrew Jacobsen,
east of Exira, were sorely grieved
to be called upon la. ursday, to
give up their '.ntncen.. little baby
boy, their first born.
The child stayed with them but
one short week when the summons
came and the soul departed to the
God who gave it.
Beyond the doubts and hopes an)d
BeyoiTd the cares and joys and
Beyond the smiling and the weep
Beyo.nd the working and the sleep
Our loved one rests in slumber
In silent and etennal §leep.
CARD OF THANKS
We thank our friends and neigh
bors for the kindness shown dur
ing the sickness and death of our
little baby boy. For the fllowers and
all other tokens of friendship, we
thank you all.
Mr and Mrs Andrew* Jacobsen.
The total number of automobiles
in the state of Iowa is 17ti,b77 or
one car to every thirteen1 people in
tli© state. Iowa has more cars per
capita than any other state in the
The number of cars registered in
Iowa during 1915 was 140,168 or
30,So9 less than this year. The
county haviuig most cars this
year is Polk with 7052, Woodbury
i$ next with 2049, Cass is just be
hind Hardin with 21S5, this is one
to every nine inhabitants.
Adair county lias 1305, Audubon
county 1310, Pottawattamie county
327G, Shelby 2077 and Montgomery
Mr and Mrs George Gore a:.d
family, who formerly resided in
Perry, have re-located in Exira and
lie will go into the udnertaking
business, locating his establishment
in the Theo. I'atty building near
Rose Cottage. The family well re
side in the Win. Fulton house for
a month while Mrs. Fulton is mak
ing an extended visit in different
parts ef the states. After Mrs
Fulton's return, they will move to
the Mrs Terhune house o.n
TOO BUSY TO LOAF
Mj- H- Maharg passed' through
Exira last Tuesday while on a busi
ness trip, and haviuig a few1 minutes
to spare called on some of our peo
Mr Maharg has not yet started
into the campaign. Being so long
known, and one of the substantial
men of the county, his candidacy
for county supervisor ought not
to be a hard ome.
THE HARTZEL COVAULT
Wayne Hartzell, the eldest son
of Mr aind Mrs Worth Hartzell, and
Miss Elizabeth Covault, daughter of
Mr and Mrs Covault of near North
Branch, were married, Tuesday, at
the home of the bride's parents The
immediate relatives were present to
witness the ceremony.
The young couple will live on his
father's farm in Greeley township.
Mr and Mrs Hartzell, the groom's
parents, are moviing to Exira to
make, it convenient for the boys,
who are attending school. We ex
tend our heartiest congratulations.
The many friends of Dr. New Ion
wall be grieved to hear of the dan
erous condition he is in. Three
physicians and a trained nurse were
at his bedside yesterday. Later as we
go to press, we leannihis condition is
A VERY SICK MAN
IN THE CITY
a pleasure to see Mr Van
now in his eightieth year
and pretty rugged for a man at that
age, on our streets mingling with
friends of long ago.
Mr Van Gorder responded when
his country called ana went forth
with the 39th Iowa Infantry.
He was one of Audubon county's
early settlers and he has seen many
of the pioneers laid away.
All wish him good health and
many years without pain.
IHE HEROIC UTILE
We wish her good luck and safe
deliverance from the thousand eyes
and powerful arms of liar powerful
enemy. Not because she is German,
not because her ©scape ould annoy
and irritate Great Britain but be-'
cause she is a human proposition,!
because she represents in a high
degree human heroism, human self
sacrifice, human devotion to ideals.
The l'eutschland is the expression
of German' patriotism. We cannot
look upon here without being stim
ulated ill our own.
She has giv.Mi us an object-les
sor.' in love of country, and the
pulse of American patriotism beats
quicker by reason of generous emu-'
latioD which her dash across the
seas inspires. We cannot say Hoch!
the Kait'er, but we do say, Hoch
the Deutschland, and because she
has performed a gallant exploit1
that stirs the red blood in everyi
manly heart of friend and foe.—Ex
will probably be necessary to revoke
all hosie privledgea in a few* days.
He wishes to. caution citizens against
any unnecessary use of water.
-Ne ws-Te legraph.
WHY THE SILO PRESERVES
Have you ever thought of the
strange ways in which the lives of
other people may influence ours
and of liaw ours may d.n turn influ
ence the lives of others?
There wias a French farmer, for
example, who lived within the mem
ory of your own parents though
they probably never heard of him,
and who, notwithstanUimg he has
been long dead, seems destined even
yet to revolutionize our methods of
farmliing here in America.
Have you any idea, of who it was
or what he did?
His name was Goffart, amd he in
vented the modern silo. It may be
that you feed youir cattle from one
through the winter months or in the
summer when pasture is poor or
if you do not, you have neighbors
Have you ever puzzled your head
over the change that takes place
in a silo after it has been filled?
Many who have done so have failed
to solve the mystery. The mass of
green stuff which apparently ought
to simply rot downi does not do so
at all. Instead it keeps for months,
or even years. Nor is it such a puz
zle at it seems to be.
The chopped feed which goes in
to the silo is more or less filled
wdtih sap, or juice. If we allow ap
ple juice to stand for any length of
time, it becomes first hard cider
and them vinegar. After this there
is no change. The suga,r which was
in the original juice is converted tbo
to an aOid which is known as acetic.
This acid prevents decay as house
wiives know for they use vinegar to
You may recall that there is a,
similar change im milk. At first
it is sweet but it soo.i becomes
sour. This is due to lactic acid,
which, like acetic acid, prevents de
cay. If it ware not for this, milik
would decay and become putrid just
as do$s meat.
This explains the puzzle of the si
lo. The green plant material which
is put into it contains a small per
centage of sugar and this is chang
ed into either lactic OJ- acetic acid,
both of which are found iu silage.
These acids, then, prevent decay so
long as tile air is kept away from
Too much sugar k:i the plants that
are put into the silo would make too
much acid. Then, the silage would
be too sour and the animals would
not eat it. This is the reason why
sorghum cane can jt be verv well
used for silage. Aldo it explains
why plants should not be cut for
silage when they arG too green.
Then the percentage of sugar is
high and tlia silage produced is
somewhat too sour for the best
The City water supply is low.
The hot weather and the exces
sive use has caused the water in'as a feed iu compared with other
the oity wells to become very iow. feeds as shown by the experience of
City Clerk Nichols said that it( farmers in the Corn Belt.
$1.00 PER YEAR
i.Uariy people have wondered whv
and other siuiiiiar
plats can not be used for silage.
The reason for this, too, depecda
directly upon the facts stated above.
'1 he leaves of thesti plants do not
contain enough sugar. When they
tire put into the silo, not enough
acid is produced to preserve the
feed. It follows that it quite com
monly, though nut always, rots.
'1 his would col happen if corn, sor
ghum care, green rye, or some other
plants that woukl tUKiiish the neces
sary sugar were mixed with the al
falfa or clover us it goes into tha
silo. Indeed, some farmers follow
this pluo and find that it works out
successfully. They say, however, that
considerable of the other plants must
be mixed with the clover or alfalfa,
or tilie results are not very certain.
Some people think th,at silage
should not be sour. We can see
from the above that this is a. com
plete mistake. It should be sour, but
not too sour.
Next week let us take up tha
real value of the silo and of silagu
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