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Puzzle of Static Electricity Has Been Solved by R. A. Weagant— Invention in Use by Allied Governments During the War Will Be Given to the World When Peace Is Finally Con eluded—Great Saving of Time and Money. New fork.—"I have discovered a new law of nature." Without hearing the rest of a mod est inventor's assertions think what that means. That is a tremendous declaration. It is epochal. Not since the day of Sir Isaac Newton, who was credited with the discovery of the law of gravitation, has a real law of na ture been added to the world's col lection of marvelous scientific phe nomena. One may expectantly look for the eighth wonder of the world. Newton may have been a modest man. Perhaps all great inventors are modest men. The fact that most of them have been unfortunate In being Illy rewarded for their labors might indicate a bashful nature. No one, who has seen and talked with Roy A. Weagant, chief engineer of the Mar coni Wireless Telegraph company, will dispute the fact that he is modest. He is the young man who, after ten years of scientific research into wireless phenomena, has solved the puzzle of static electricity and by means of a new law of nature has eliminated that bothersome element from the atmos phere so that wireless has become a perfect means of communication for extremely long distances. His inven tion has already been in use by the allied governments during the war and lie is ready and anxious to disclose the "new Jaw of nature" to the world as soon as certain restrictions are re moved by the conclusion of peace. "A Simple Matter." "It is a simple matter when once V«u find the governing law," said Mr. Weagant to a reporter. "Radio ex perts have looked for it for years and some of them have claimed to have discovered it, but they were either fakers or had made honest mistakes in scientific judgment. I have got it. That fact can be easily demonstrated and will be at the proper timet If I should describe the details of the ap paratus it would be a simple matter for radio engineers to recognize the new law. We feel constrained not to divulge the secret generally until peace has been concluded." Mr. Weagant said, he was positive the Germans had not made the discqv ery themselves or had any knowledge of his discovery. He declared that on ly a few days ago he -was listening to wireless messages being sent to Germany and that the German opera tor requested the sender to repeat the messages and use more power. That would not have happened if the Ger mans had known how to utilize the new method, the inventor said. "Static" has been the hoodoo of wireless telegraphy ever since Mar coni convinced a doubtful world of the actuality of the new method of communication. Little buzzings and big clatterings along the air currents, particularly on moist days, have per sistently Interrupted the clear flow of the wireless messages anil made their reception practically impossible. The inventor described the sound in the instruments as similar to that made by some one throwing a handful of peb bles against a glass window. On cold, snappy days the adverse atmospheric condition has not been so bad. But the trouble was always the worst from June to October. A Prophetic Decision. Mr. Weagant recalled a decision in the United States district court on January 7, 1916, in which Judge Julius Mayer made a prophetic announce ment in regard to the solving of the static problem. It was in the case of Kintner vs. the Atlantic Communica tion company et al, where the issue Involved the invention of a new trans mitter for wireless apparatus. Refer ring back to the "state of the art" of wireless communication on July 1, 1907, a date figuring in the case, Judge Mayer said: "On that date there were just two possibilities: (1) To annul, exclude, WANTON DESTRUCTION BY THE HUNS NEW LAW OF NATURE FOUND BY INVENTOR OF THE PERFECT RADIO eliminate static or, (2) to improve the wireless note by method of appara tus, or both, so far beyond the art as to constitute invention. The first has not been done. lie who shall accom plish that need have no fear of the fate of his invention." So the radio operators kept on searching for that principle which Mr. Weagant has at last found. We have his word for it, and the word of Ed ward J. Nally, vice president and gen eral manager of the Marconi company, and the fact that the perfected wire less has been used by the government during the war, altlipugh not yet offi cially announced. It has made the bridging of the North Atlantic by wireless, always the hardest route for aerial messages, ac cording to Mr. Weagant, easy. It has eliminated long distances, the most im portant goal radio engineers have striven for. "Before the war we were limited to six or seven hours' communication a day across the Atlantic and across the six thousand mile stretch from San Francisco to Japan," said Mr. Wea gant. "Now we can use the wireless continuously. Before the war it would have been impossible to get all the 'news' which the German wireless tried to scatter over the world. Now we can get it all. I am not privileged to say to what extent our discovery has figured in the war, but I can say in a general way that almost every thing the Germans sent out bearing on the question of peace was received. Will Save Money. "A considerable saving of money will be effected. In some sending sta tions the power needed is cut In half. Instead of steel ma^ts 400 feet high, as some are, and cost $18,000 apiece, a mast the height of a telephone pole is enough for receiving." The inventor said that the trouble with most of the radio experts who had been experimenting with "static" was that they had given up too soon. Many of them came to the conclusion that the solution of th^ problem was Impossible. They regarded "static" as a thing erratic, incalculable, way ward, willful, a law unto itself. The turning point came when the Marconi engineer decided that "static" was a natural law, rational and follow ing a definite system, that only needed to be understood to be conquered. That was In 1908. Since that time Mr. Wea gant has devoted the better part of his energies to ascertaining just what the properties of this law were. The pre liminary work was done largely at ex periment stations in New Jersey and Miami, Florida. In 1916 government assistance was enlisted and the ex periments took on a far more definite character. By the time this country was ready to enter the war the work had reached practical completion and patent application claims had been al lowed by the United States patent of fice. From that time forward the prob lem has been one largely of perfection of detail. "All I did was to set out to discover the new law of nature and moke it work for man, and that's all I have done," said this modest inventor. "I set up all sorts of hypotheses and con structed all sorts of apparatus, and when one theory wouldn't work I tried another. It was like failing in 999 'ways and finding what you are after on the thousandth attempt." Of course the question came up again as to just what the inventor had found out, what the new law of na ture was. And what millions of lay men and a few thousand scientists, who were taking the attitude of the Missourian, wanted to be shown. It was stated that some of them had pub licly doubted the solving of the "stat ic" puzzle. The Inventor smiled and shrugged his shoulders. "That's quite natural," he said. "It sounds big to make the announcement This British official photograph, which was taken on the British western front before the signing of the armistice, shows the wanton destruction with Which the Germans ravaged the country that they were evacuating. This one time beautiful statue in Douai was pulled down by the enemy for the metal contained therein. -liii .' 1':' Western Newspaper Union that we have perfected wireless after all these years, but I know we ore safe. I would like to tell the whole story, but I am restrained until the peace pact is signed. I don't expect people, including scientific men, to believe it until they use it. It is like flying people would not believe it could be done until they actually saw It done." Mr.- Weagant asserted that they were not seeking a monopoly of the inven tion, and said the British and French governments already were familiar with him while he was acting for the United States government. He said that reasonable protection would be se cured, but that he intended to give his secret to the world, because of the great importance of having the best communication facilities possible ev erywhere. Mr. Weagant was born in Canada, but his parents moved to Vermont when he was a baby, and he has\made his residence in this country most of the time since then. He studied at Stanstead college and at McGill university, where he received the de gree of bachelor of science. He worked for the Montreal Light, Heat and Pow er company, the Westinghouse com pany at Pittsburgh, the De Laval Steam Turbine company, the National Electric Signaling company, and In 1912 joined the Marconi company. He is a comparatively young man with hair slightly tinged with gray and has clear, sharp gray eyes, which reflect an active and highly trained mind. He is rather diffident and retiring, but ex presses his opinions in a voice that is deep-toned and convincing. Mother Greeting Child Returning From Camp. children home and rejoicing in their changed appearance. "It is amusing to watch mothers seeking to recognize their little ones," Writes one of the American Red Cross workers. "And it is touching to see their delight when they at last realize that the brown, sturdy youngsters who rush into their arms are the delicate Gluseppinas and the anemic Angelos who left them earlier in the sum mer." Pouring into the Rome office, the headquarters of the American organ ization in Italy, are letters from these mother* telling of their gratitude. They are written laboriously and painstakingly, the majority of them, each cramped character eloquent of earnest sincerity In this, the penned expression of their gratitude. Follow ing is one of the many received: "I. Maria Ferrarlo, mother of Angelo Ferrarl6, am overjoyed at the Improve ment In health of my little son. He returned from the mountain camp of the American Red Cross at Gressonel, fat and with color in his cheeks, of which he stood in such great need. I can find 90 words to express my grat itude for your kindness. May God protect and bless the kind benefac tors who have done so much for the children of Italy's soldiers." AUDUBON COUNTY JOURNAL. 1 GRATEFUL TO RED CROSS Italian Mothers Wept With Joy at Sight of Children Returned to Health. Rome.—One by one the mountain camps and seaside colonies of the American Red Cross in Italy, are clos ing for the season. In cities in tha north and south, in Sardinia and Sicily, mothers are welcoming their TEXAS OIL INDUSTRY BOOMS War Stimulus Results In Development of Refineries With 278,500 Bar rels Capacity., Dallas.—Under the spur of war, Texas in the last year has effected a tremendous development of her oil in dustry. Today there are in operation in this state 42 refineries, with a capacity of 278,500 barrels daily. They are capa ble of refining double the amount of oil produced in the Texas fields last year. Fields of unsuspected volume have been opened and made to aid In keep ing ships and army motors at top speed. In the coastal region where ten refin eries are in operation, the first unit of a big oil plant on the Houston ship canal is nearly completed. It is in tended to have a capacity of 20,000 barrels a day and represents an invest ment of from $8,000,000 to $10,000,000. FOR THE BUSY ill NEWS EPITOME THAT CAN SOON BE COMPASSED. MM EVENTS ARE MENTIONED Home and Foreign Intelligence Cm* denaed Into Two and Four Line Paragraphs. The postoffice department has asked congress for $S,000,000 for the rural parcel post service for the year be ginning July 1 next. Representative Carter Glass of Vir ginia will succeed Wm. McAdoo as secretary of the treasury. The'1 ap pointment has been approved by the senate. Veteran divisions of' the American army, including the Rainbow division, will remain in France until peace is declared, in the opinion of Secretary of War Baker. Coblenz, one of the strongest forti fied cities in the German empire, is under the complete military control of troops of the American Army of Oc cupation. i',: '-r.'i'-.-fi Thomas Nelson Page, American ambassador to Italy, announced that President Wilson would pay an offic ial visit to Pope Benedict at Rome on December 28. The British authorities in charge of the occupation in the German zone assigned to the British army, have ordered all German men to raise their hats to British officers. The controversy between Chile and Peru is approaching a peaceful solu tion as a result of the efforts of the United States government to mediate the difference between the two South American nations. Thirty-seven deaths from influenza and pneumonia occurred at Denver in a single day last week, the largest day's mortality since the epidemic be came prevalent in the city. The U. S. S. Cyclops, a modern 19,000-ton collier, missing since last March, has been given up as lost by the Navy department. No trace of the crew of 213 and fifty-sewn passengers has ever been found. 'Hi'v ov: Rumors circulated at Omaha that the street car strike in that city was the forerunner of a nation-wide strike to secure recognition of unions, was denied by President Mahon of the Na tional Carmen's union. A report states that, twenty-eight persons were killed and forty-eight wounded in street fighting in Berlin between government troops and forces of the Spartacus group, in which the latter were completely defeated. Karl Liebknecht, leader of the Ger man bolsheviki, is reported to have is sued a proclamation in Berlin declar ing that. "We refuse peace with the entente and intend to overthrow the present government within a fort night." On Instructions from President Wil son while he was aboard the George Washington bound for France, Vice President Marshall presided over a cabinet meeting, it being the first time a vice president performed such a function during the life of a presi dent. Chairman Sims of the interstate commerce commission, at the request of the administration, introduced a bill in congress designed to carry into effect recommendations of the federal trade commission that the government regulate the meat and packing Indus try of the United States. &£,> Wr' The United States transport Sierra, the American hospital ship Comfort and the French liner Chicago arrived at New York with more than 2,000 wounded American soldiers from overseas.- Many of whom were mem bers of the Rainbow division and ma rines who hijd been wounded at Chateau Thierry. A. Bruce BLeiaski, chief of the bu reau of investigation of the Depart ment of Justice in completing his tes timony before the senate committee Investigating brewers and German propaganda, revealed that $7,500,000 j'was the cost to Germany of the pro paganda campaign In the United States, the sum, he said, coming from the total fund of $27,850,000 held by I the embassy In Washington. Indictments against twenty-four prominent Arizona men charged with conspiracy as an outgrowth of the de portations of 1,186 alleged J. W. W. from Bisbee, Ariz., July 12, 1917, have been quashed by the federal court. No limitation must be placed on Britain's sea power at the peace table, Winston Spencer Churchill declared in an address recently. He also asserted Britain will demand abolition of con scription throughout Europe at the peace conclave. .N. The War department plans to ask congress to authorize a peace-time standing army of 500,000 men. Ten men were killed and 23 injured at Hampton Lakes, N. J., by explo sions in the Dupont cap works. All restrictions of the' use of news print paper were withdrawn by the war industries board, effective Decem ber 15th. •m 'Ji/w., .:..0uv Mayor Hylan of New York signed an ordinance designating the space In front of the Grand Central termi nal as Pershing Square. Recruiting for the marine corps will be resumed at once under an order is sued by Secretary Daniels. Enlist ments will be for four years. From Spitember 13 to December 1 there were 333,257 influenza cases in army camps in the United States, with approximately 17,000 deaths. The British government has agreed to the principle of an eight-hour day for all members of the wages staff on the railways of the united kingdom. Contract cancellations by the War department are expected to save $7, 250,000,000 of the $24,281,000,000 voted by congress for the army during the war. The University of Missouri, at Co lumbia, with a student enrollment of 2,500, closed until the first part of January on account of the influenza epidemic. Attorney General MoGhee of Ohio has ruled that the Pershing republi can league, to elect General Pershing president, may be incorporated in the state. ,V' The surrender to the allies of the 2,000 German airplanes required under the terms of the armistice convention is expected to be completed in a few days. At the urgent request of Coblenz authorities, a battalion of American soldiers was rushed to that city to preserve order when the German troops departed. I All public gatherings have been for bidden In Omaha because of the prev alence of influenza. Thirty-two .deaths occurred in the city in a single day last week from the disease. '.'y America's sea losses during the per iod this country was engaged in the war total forty-four vessels, twelve of which were destroyed by enemy sub marines. Russia, It is understood at Winshing ton being without a stable govern ment, will not be permitted to send delegates to the Paris peace confer ence- Dr. G. A. Soper of the U. S. public health service stated at Chicago the other day that one out of every five soldiers in the United States suffered from influenza of these, one in six de veloped pneumonia, and of the pneu monia patients, two out of five died. As the result of President Wilson's trip to Europe, President Poincare of France, King George of England, King Albert of Belgium. King Emmanuel of Italy and perhaps other European rulers will visit the United States. Stephone Lauzanne, editor of the Paris Matin, declared at Ne.w York. "It has been a diplomatic custom from time Immemorial," he said, "that the head of one government who .enter tains the head of another invariably repays the visit." 'fTJji siJ§ I Two hundred land twenty persons have been killed and 1,000 wounded in recent skirmishes in the German cap-1 Ital between bolshevik forces and government troops, according to re ports. Dr. Woods Hutchinson of New York, in advocatng "flu" masks instead of suppressing public meetings to check the disease, before the American Pub lic Health association's annual meet ing at Chicago, declared that wearing masks decreased cases at San Fran cisco from 2,300 a day to 300 a day in less than week. ''jak Disclosures made before the senate committee investigating brewers and German propaganda at Washington, by A. B. Blelatekl of the Department of Justice, showed that the New York Mail, Milwaukee Free Press, Chicago Tribune, Washington Post and the Hearst newspapers were considered by Count Bernstorff and other Ger man agents in this country the most valuable instruments the kaiser had to Influence public sentiment |n Am erica in favor of Germany.' fr The public health service at Wash ington estimntes the number of deaths from pneumonia and influenza in the United States between September 15 and Dec. 6 at between 300,000 and 3 6 0 0 0 0 Art •will replace the snake charmer nnd "Fat Liidy" as an attraction at county fairs next summer, it was an nounced by speakers at the annual convention of the American Assocla tion of Fairs and Expositions at Chi-' eago. I fcwrn Sitsifeg Jrs!l@ws Late Incidents Gathered from Over the- State Late Incidents Gathered from Over the- State tfhe Sioux City jury which heard the evidence to the 'breach of promise suit of Miss Marie Hanson against, George P. Johnson, stock and bond salesman, awarded the young woman $7,000. She had sued for $50,000/ Dutch Cross, famous bank roWber and-bandit, was killed in a fight with Des Moines policemen recently. Chief of Police C. C, Jackson, of Des Moines, was severely wounded in the shooting fray. The fight took place when the police cornered Cross at his home in Des 'Moines. The first evidence that Camp Dodge is to be continued for at 'least several months as a convalescent camip for soldiers returned from overseas came: recently wdth the arrival of 10tt wounded soldiers on a special hos pital train. The majority are from Iowa. Announcement was made recently that $1,200 members of various aero squadrons included in the first Amer ican troops to return from England, leave Camp Mills, N. J., for Camp Dodge, to be mustered out. The con tingent comprises men from Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Iowa and Illinois. After two years of unrelenting war against bootlegging, white slavery, puiblic official grafting and all other forms, of law violation Attorney Gen eral Havner is a"ble to make public the astonishing summary of $131,206. 95 collected in fines liquor siezures with an aggregate value of $295,222.05 and the recovery of stolen property worth *10,625. More than 500,000 men In Iowa reg- 'l Istered for the draft In the four draft registrations which took iplace in Iowa during the world war. In June 1917 and 1918, the total registrants numbered 217,91'4. In August, 1918, the number of rebistrants was 21,671, Rnd on September 12 the total regis tration was '283,893. These figures have just been compiled toy the state adjutant general's office and are offi cial. In the summing up of land for re clamation primarily for the use of re turning soldiers, Secretary of the In terior Franklin K. Lane, in his an nual report brings forth tlhe startling fact that Iowa has 930,500 acres of land, which is non-productive for va rious reasons: 300,000 acres are given, as permanent swamp land 200,000 wet grazing land and 350,000 acres of land periodically overflowed 80, 50*0 acres of land is periodically swamp land. 1 Lieut. Samuel J. Jones of Iowa City has been made a colonel on the staff of Grand Army Commander Claren-. den E. Adams. This is a merited rec ognition of the worth and services of a most conspicuous and valuaible soldier who served more than three years in the -war of the rebellion. He enlisted in Company A of the 22nd regiment Iowa volunteers and served in this company to the end of the" war. After the Vicksburg campaign he was made a (first lieutenant. Vern L. iHavens, born in Atlantic in 1881 and whg worked his way. through school carrying papers, has been delegated 'by the government to •*, go abroad as a trade expert. Havens will sail January 1, for (Europe where he will he an instructor to American soldiers who Will on their return home, (be engaged in foreign trade. Havens, as a young man took up the study of civil engineering. 'Following his profession he has spent several years in 'Mexico and iSoutih American republics. A basket toall game 'between the 'boys' and girls' teams of Bayard and) Glidden is credited with being respon sible for a new outbreak of the flu at Glidden. The epidemic had (been al most stamped out, tout immediately after the contest the Glidden physi cians reported twenty new cases and although the lid was put Ibaclo that night, 150 cases have developed, most of them directly traceable to the game. Members of all four teams have died, and a numlber of the other players have pneumonia. John W. Barry, widely known lum foerman and one of the most (promin ent Masons in Iowa, died at hi** home in Cedar Rapids recently. He 'had been ill for 'some time and had' been taking treatments at a sanitari um In Michigan 'up to a few days previous to his death. He was 611 years old and a native of Belvidere, ttl'l. Mr. Barry had long ibeen deeply interested in iMasonic affairs. He held tlhe office of grand master last year, and enjoyed wide popularity! among the 'Masons of the state. Cedar (Falls claims to have more odd descriptive proper names than any other town of its size in the state, and offers the following in evi dence: J. C. Rainbow is one of the prominent vegetable growers of the city Will Eyes tone Is a well-to-do farmer near the city E. T. Weather wax is manager of the gas company H. B. Turnipseed, was one ot the lead ing attorneys of the city up to the time of his death a few weeks 1 ago, and 'Miss Faith Kiddoo is the head of the domestic science department of the public schools and teaches the isids.