OCR Interpretation

Audubon County journal. (Exira, Iowa) 1884-1993, December 19, 1918, Image 2

Image and text provided by State Historical Society of Iowa

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87057934/1918-12-19/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

Puzzle of Static Electricity Has Been Solved by R. A. Weagant—
Invention in Use by Allied Governments During the War Will
Be Given to the World When Peace Is Finally Con
eluded—Great Saving of Time and Money.
New fork.—"I have discovered a
new law of nature."
Without hearing the rest of a mod
est inventor's assertions think what
that means. That is a tremendous
declaration. It is epochal. Not since
the day of Sir Isaac Newton, who was
credited with the discovery of the law
of gravitation, has a real law of na
ture been added to the world's col
lection of marvelous scientific phe
nomena. One may expectantly look
for the eighth wonder of the world.
Newton may have been a modest
man. Perhaps all great inventors are
modest men. The fact that most of
them have been unfortunate In being
Illy rewarded for their labors might
indicate a bashful nature. No one,
who has seen and talked with Roy A.
Weagant, chief engineer of the Mar
coni Wireless Telegraph company, will
dispute the fact that he is modest. He
is the young man who, after ten years
of scientific research into wireless
phenomena, has solved the puzzle of
static electricity and by means of a
new law of nature has eliminated that
bothersome element from the atmos
phere so that wireless has become a
perfect means of communication for
extremely long distances. His inven
tion has already been in use by the
allied governments during the war and
lie is ready and anxious to disclose the
"new Jaw of nature" to the world as
soon as certain restrictions are re
moved by the conclusion of peace.
"A Simple Matter."
"It is a simple matter when once
V«u find the governing law," said Mr.
Weagant to a reporter. "Radio ex
perts have looked for it for years and
some of them have claimed to have
discovered it, but they were either
fakers or had made honest mistakes
in scientific judgment. I have got it.
That fact can be easily demonstrated
and will be at the proper timet If I
should describe the details of the ap
paratus it would be a simple matter
for radio engineers to recognize the
new law. We feel constrained not to
divulge the secret generally until
peace has been concluded."
Mr. Weagant said, he was positive
the Germans had not made the discqv
ery themselves or had any knowledge
of his discovery. He declared that on
ly a few days ago he -was listening
to wireless messages being sent to
Germany and that the German opera
tor requested the sender to repeat the
messages and use more power. That
would not have happened if the Ger
mans had known how to utilize the
new method, the inventor said.
"Static" has been the hoodoo of
wireless telegraphy ever since Mar
coni convinced a doubtful world of
the actuality of the new method of
communication. Little buzzings and
big clatterings along the air currents,
particularly on moist days, have per
sistently Interrupted the clear flow of
the wireless messages anil made their
reception practically impossible. The
inventor described the sound in the
instruments as similar to that made by
some one throwing a handful of peb
bles against a glass window. On cold,
snappy days the adverse atmospheric
condition has not been so bad. But
the trouble was always the worst from
June to October.
A Prophetic Decision.
Mr. Weagant recalled a decision in
the United States district court on
January 7, 1916, in which Judge Julius
Mayer made a prophetic announce
ment in regard to the solving of the
static problem. It was in the case of
Kintner vs. the Atlantic Communica
tion company et al, where the issue
Involved the invention of a new trans
mitter for wireless apparatus. Refer
ring back to the "state of the art" of
wireless communication on July 1,
1907, a date figuring in the case, Judge
Mayer said:
"On that date there were just two
possibilities: (1) To annul, exclude,
eliminate static or, (2) to improve
the wireless note by method of appara
tus, or both, so far beyond the art as
to constitute invention. The first has
not been done. lie who shall accom
plish that need have no fear of the
fate of his invention."
So the radio operators kept on
searching for that principle which Mr.
Weagant has at last found. We have
his word for it, and the word of Ed
ward J. Nally, vice president and gen
eral manager of the Marconi company,
and the fact that the perfected wire
less has been used by the government
during the war, altlipugh not yet offi
cially announced.
It has made the bridging of the
North Atlantic by wireless, always the
hardest route for aerial messages, ac
cording to Mr. Weagant, easy. It has
eliminated long distances, the most im
portant goal radio engineers have
striven for.
"Before the war we were limited to
six or seven hours' communication a
day across the Atlantic and across the
six thousand mile stretch from San
Francisco to Japan," said Mr. Wea
gant. "Now we can use the wireless
continuously. Before the war it would
have been impossible to get all the
'news' which the German wireless
tried to scatter over the world. Now
we can get it all. I am not privileged
to say to what extent our discovery
has figured in the war, but I can say
in a general way that almost every
thing the Germans sent out bearing on
the question of peace was received.
Will Save Money.
"A considerable saving of money
will be effected. In some sending sta
tions the power needed is cut In half.
Instead of steel ma^ts 400 feet high,
as some are, and cost $18,000 apiece,
a mast the height of a telephone pole
is enough for receiving."
The inventor said that the trouble
with most of the radio experts who
had been experimenting with "static"
was that they had given up too soon.
Many of them came to the conclusion
that the solution of th^ problem was
Impossible. They regarded "static" as
a thing erratic, incalculable, way
ward, willful, a law unto itself.
The turning point came when the
Marconi engineer decided that "static"
was a natural law, rational and follow
ing a definite system, that only needed
to be understood to be conquered. That
was In 1908. Since that time Mr. Wea
gant has devoted the better part of his
energies to ascertaining just what the
properties of this law were. The pre
liminary work was done largely at ex
periment stations in New Jersey and
Miami, Florida. In 1916 government
assistance was enlisted and the ex
periments took on a far more definite
character. By the time this country
was ready to enter the war the work
had reached practical completion and
patent application claims had been al
lowed by the United States patent of
fice. From that time forward the prob
lem has been one largely of perfection
of detail.
"All I did was to set out to discover
the new law of nature and moke it
work for man, and that's all I have
done," said this modest inventor. "I
set up all sorts of hypotheses and con
structed all sorts of apparatus, and
when one theory wouldn't work I tried
another. It was like failing in 999
'ways and finding what you are after
on the thousandth attempt."
Of course the question came up
again as to just what the inventor had
found out, what the new law of na
ture was. And what millions of lay
men and a few thousand scientists,
who were taking the attitude of the
Missourian, wanted to be shown. It
was stated that some of them had pub
licly doubted the solving of the "stat
ic" puzzle. The Inventor smiled and
shrugged his shoulders.
"That's quite natural," he said. "It
sounds big to make the announcement
This British official photograph, which was taken on the British western
front before the signing of the armistice, shows the wanton destruction with
Which the Germans ravaged the country that they were evacuating. This
one time beautiful statue in Douai was pulled down by the enemy for the
metal contained therein.
-liii .' 1':'
Western Newspaper Union
that we have perfected wireless after
all these years, but I know we ore safe.
I would like to tell the whole story,
but I am restrained until the peace
pact is signed. I don't expect people,
including scientific men, to believe it
until they use it. It is like flying
people would not believe it could be
done until they actually saw It done."
Mr.- Weagant asserted that they were
not seeking a monopoly of the inven
tion, and said the British and French
governments already were familiar
with him while he was acting for the
United States government. He said
that reasonable protection would be se
cured, but that he intended to give his
secret to the world, because of the
great importance of having the best
communication facilities possible ev
Mr. Weagant was born in Canada,
but his parents moved to Vermont
when he was a baby, and he has\made
his residence in this country most
of the time since then. He studied
at Stanstead college and at McGill
university, where he received the de
gree of bachelor of science. He worked
for the Montreal Light, Heat and Pow
er company, the Westinghouse com
pany at Pittsburgh, the De Laval
Steam Turbine company, the National
Electric Signaling company, and In
1912 joined the Marconi company. He
is a comparatively young man with
hair slightly tinged with gray and has
clear, sharp gray eyes, which reflect an
active and highly trained mind. He is
rather diffident and retiring, but ex
presses his opinions in a voice that is
deep-toned and convincing.
Mother Greeting Child Returning
From Camp.
children home and rejoicing in their
changed appearance.
"It is amusing to watch mothers
seeking to recognize their little ones,"
Writes one of the American Red Cross
workers. "And it is touching to see
their delight when they at last realize
that the brown, sturdy youngsters who
rush into their arms are the delicate
Gluseppinas and the anemic Angelos
who left them earlier in the sum
Pouring into the Rome office, the
headquarters of the American organ
ization in Italy, are letters from these
mother* telling of their gratitude.
They are written laboriously and
painstakingly, the majority of them,
each cramped character eloquent of
earnest sincerity In this, the penned
expression of their gratitude. Follow
ing is one of the many received:
"I. Maria Ferrarlo, mother of Angelo
Ferrarl6, am overjoyed at the Improve
ment In health of my little son. He
returned from the mountain camp of
the American Red Cross at Gressonel,
fat and with color in his cheeks, of
which he stood in such great need. I
can find 90 words to express my grat
itude for your kindness. May God
protect and bless the kind benefac
tors who have done so much for the
children of Italy's soldiers."
Italian Mothers Wept With Joy at
Sight of Children Returned to
Rome.—One by one the mountain
camps and seaside colonies of the
American Red Cross in Italy, are clos
ing for the season. In cities in tha
north and south, in Sardinia and
Sicily, mothers are welcoming their
War Stimulus Results In Development
of Refineries With 278,500 Bar
rels Capacity.,
Dallas.—Under the spur of war,
Texas in the last year has effected a
tremendous development of her oil in
Today there are in operation in this
state 42 refineries, with a capacity of
278,500 barrels daily. They are capa
ble of refining double the amount of oil
produced in the Texas fields last year.
Fields of unsuspected volume have
been opened and made to aid In keep
ing ships and army motors at top
In the coastal region where ten refin
eries are in operation, the first unit
of a big oil plant on the Houston ship
canal is nearly completed. It is in
tended to have a capacity of 20,000
barrels a day and represents an invest
ment of from $8,000,000 to $10,000,000.
Home and Foreign Intelligence
denaed Into Two and Four
Line Paragraphs.
The postoffice department has asked
congress for $S,000,000 for the rural
parcel post service for the year be
ginning July 1 next.
Representative Carter Glass of Vir
ginia will succeed Wm. McAdoo as
secretary of the treasury. The'1 ap
pointment has been approved by the
Veteran divisions of' the American
army, including the Rainbow division,
will remain in France until peace is
declared, in the opinion of Secretary
of War Baker.
Coblenz, one of the strongest forti
fied cities in the German empire, is
under the complete military control of
troops of the American Army of Oc
i',: '-r.'i'-.-fi
Thomas Nelson Page, American
ambassador to Italy, announced that
President Wilson would pay an offic
ial visit to Pope Benedict at Rome
on December 28.
The British authorities in charge of
the occupation in the German zone
assigned to the British army, have
ordered all German men to raise their
hats to British officers.
The controversy between Chile and
Peru is approaching a peaceful solu
tion as a result of the efforts of the
United States government to mediate
the difference between the two South
American nations.
Thirty-seven deaths from influenza
and pneumonia occurred at Denver in
a single day last week, the largest
day's mortality since the epidemic be
came prevalent in the city.
The U. S. S. Cyclops, a modern
19,000-ton collier, missing since last
March, has been given up as lost by
the Navy department. No trace of the
crew of 213 and fifty-sewn passengers
has ever been found. 'Hi'v ov:
Rumors circulated at Omaha that
the street car strike in that city was
the forerunner of a nation-wide strike
to secure recognition of unions, was
denied by President Mahon of the Na
tional Carmen's union.
A report states that, twenty-eight
persons were killed and forty-eight
wounded in street fighting in Berlin
between government troops and forces
of the Spartacus group, in which the
latter were completely defeated.
Karl Liebknecht, leader of the Ger
man bolsheviki, is reported to have is
sued a proclamation in Berlin declar
ing that. "We refuse peace with the
entente and intend to overthrow the
present government within a fort
On Instructions from President Wil
son while he was aboard the George
Washington bound for France, Vice
President Marshall presided over a
cabinet meeting, it being the first time
a vice president performed such a
function during the life of a presi
Chairman Sims of the interstate
commerce commission, at the request
of the administration, introduced a
bill in congress designed to carry into
effect recommendations of the federal
trade commission that the government
regulate the meat and packing Indus
try of the United States. &£,>
The United States transport Sierra,
the American hospital ship Comfort
and the French liner Chicago arrived
at New York with more than 2,000
wounded American soldiers from
overseas.- Many of whom were mem
bers of the Rainbow division and ma
rines who hijd been wounded at
Chateau Thierry.
A. Bruce BLeiaski, chief of the bu
reau of investigation of the Depart
ment of Justice in completing his tes
timony before the senate committee
Investigating brewers and German
propaganda, revealed that $7,500,000
j'was the cost to Germany of the pro
paganda campaign In the United
States, the sum, he said, coming from
the total fund of $27,850,000 held by
I the embassy In Washington.
Indictments against twenty-four
prominent Arizona men charged with
conspiracy as an outgrowth of the de
portations of 1,186 alleged J. W. W.
from Bisbee, Ariz., July 12, 1917, have
been quashed by the federal court.
No limitation must be placed on
Britain's sea power at the peace table,
Winston Spencer Churchill declared in
an address recently. He also asserted
Britain will demand abolition of con
scription throughout Europe at the
peace conclave. .N.
The War department plans to ask
congress to authorize a peace-time
standing army of 500,000 men.
Ten men were killed and 23 injured
at Hampton Lakes, N. J., by explo
sions in the Dupont cap works.
All restrictions of the' use of news
print paper were withdrawn by the
war industries board, effective Decem
ber 15th.
•m 'Ji/w.,
Mayor Hylan of New York signed
an ordinance designating the space
In front of the Grand Central termi
nal as Pershing Square.
Recruiting for the marine corps will
be resumed at once under an order is
sued by Secretary Daniels. Enlist
ments will be for four years.
From Spitember 13 to December 1
there were 333,257 influenza cases in
army camps in the United States,
with approximately 17,000 deaths.
The British government has agreed
to the principle of an eight-hour day
for all members of the wages staff on
the railways of the united kingdom.
Contract cancellations by the War
department are expected to save $7,
250,000,000 of the $24,281,000,000 voted
by congress for the army during the
The University of Missouri, at Co
lumbia, with a student enrollment of
2,500, closed until the first part of
January on account of the influenza
Attorney General MoGhee of Ohio
has ruled that the Pershing republi
can league, to elect General Pershing
president, may be incorporated in the
The surrender to the allies of the
2,000 German airplanes required under
the terms of the armistice convention
is expected to be completed in a few
At the urgent request of Coblenz
authorities, a battalion of American
soldiers was rushed to that city to
preserve order when the German
troops departed.
All public gatherings have been for
bidden In Omaha because of the prev
alence of influenza. Thirty-two .deaths
occurred in the city in a single day
last week from the disease.
America's sea losses during the per
iod this country was engaged in the
war total forty-four vessels, twelve of
which were destroyed by enemy sub
Russia, It is understood at Winshing
ton being without a stable govern
ment, will not be permitted to send
delegates to the Paris peace confer
Dr. G. A. Soper of the U. S. public
health service stated at Chicago the
other day that one out of every five
soldiers in the United States suffered
from influenza of these, one in six de
veloped pneumonia, and of the pneu
monia patients, two out of five died.
As the result of President Wilson's
trip to Europe, President Poincare of
France, King George of England, King
Albert of Belgium. King Emmanuel of
Italy and perhaps other European
rulers will visit the United States.
Stephone Lauzanne, editor of the
Paris Matin, declared at Ne.w York.
"It has been a diplomatic custom from
time Immemorial," he said, "that the
head of one government who .enter
tains the head of another invariably
repays the visit." 'fTJji
Two hundred land twenty persons
have been killed and 1,000 wounded in
recent skirmishes in the German cap-1
Ital between bolshevik forces and
government troops, according to re
Dr. Woods Hutchinson of New York,
in advocatng "flu" masks instead of
suppressing public meetings to check
the disease, before the American Pub
lic Health association's annual meet
ing at Chicago, declared that wearing
masks decreased cases at San Fran
cisco from 2,300 a day to 300 a day in
less than week. ''jak
Disclosures made before the senate
committee investigating brewers and
German propaganda at Washington,
by A. B. Blelatekl of the Department
of Justice, showed that the New York
Mail, Milwaukee Free Press, Chicago
Tribune, Washington Post and the
Hearst newspapers were considered
by Count Bernstorff and other Ger
man agents in this country the most
valuable instruments the kaiser had
to Influence public sentiment |n Am
erica in favor of Germany.'
The public health service at Wash
ington estimntes the number of deaths
from pneumonia and influenza in the
United States between September 15
and Dec. 6 at between 300,000 and
3 6 0 0 0 0
Art •will replace the snake charmer
nnd "Fat Liidy" as an attraction at
county fairs next summer, it was an
nounced by speakers at the annual
convention of the American Assocla
tion of Fairs and Expositions at Chi-'
eago. I
fcwrn Sitsifeg
[email protected]
Late Incidents
Gathered from
Over the- State
Late Incidents
Gathered from
Over the- State
tfhe Sioux City jury which heard
the evidence to the 'breach of promise
suit of Miss Marie Hanson against,
George P. Johnson, stock and bond
salesman, awarded the young woman
$7,000. She had sued for $50,000/
Dutch Cross, famous bank roWber
and-bandit, was killed in a fight with
Des Moines policemen recently. Chief
of Police C. C, Jackson, of Des
Moines, was severely wounded in the
shooting fray. The fight took place
when the police cornered Cross at
his home in Des 'Moines.
The first evidence that Camp Dodge
is to be continued for at 'least several
months as a convalescent camip for
soldiers returned from overseas came:
recently wdth the arrival of 10tt
wounded soldiers on a special hos
pital train. The majority are from
Announcement was made recently
that $1,200 members of various aero
squadrons included in the first Amer
ican troops to return from England,
leave Camp Mills, N. J., for Camp
Dodge, to be mustered out. The con
tingent comprises men from Montana,
North Dakota, South Dakota, Iowa
and Illinois.
After two years of unrelenting war
against bootlegging, white slavery,
puiblic official grafting and all other
forms, of law violation Attorney Gen
eral Havner is a"ble to make public
the astonishing summary of $131,206.
95 collected in fines liquor siezures
with an aggregate value of $295,222.05
and the recovery of stolen property
worth *10,625.
More than 500,000 men In Iowa reg- 'l
Istered for the draft In the four draft
registrations which took iplace in
Iowa during the world war. In June
1917 and 1918, the total registrants
numbered 217,91'4. In August, 1918,
the number of rebistrants was 21,671,
Rnd on September 12 the total regis
tration was '283,893. These figures
have just been compiled toy the state
adjutant general's office and are offi
In the summing up of land for re
clamation primarily for the use of re
turning soldiers, Secretary of the In
terior Franklin K. Lane, in his an
nual report brings forth tlhe startling
fact that Iowa has 930,500 acres of
land, which is non-productive for va
rious reasons: 300,000 acres are given,
as permanent swamp land 200,000
wet grazing land and 350,000 acres
of land periodically overflowed 80,
50*0 acres of land is periodically
swamp land.
Lieut. Samuel J. Jones of Iowa City
has been made a colonel on the staff
of Grand Army Commander Claren-.
den E. Adams. This is a merited rec
ognition of the worth and services
of a most conspicuous and valuaible
soldier who served more than three
years in the -war of the rebellion. He
enlisted in Company A of the 22nd
regiment Iowa volunteers and served
in this company to the end of the"
war. After the Vicksburg campaign
he was made a (first lieutenant.
Vern L. iHavens, born in Atlantic
in 1881 and whg worked his way.
through school carrying papers, has
been delegated 'by the government to •*,
go abroad as a trade expert. Havens
will sail January 1, for (Europe where
he will he an instructor to American
soldiers who Will on their return
home, (be engaged in foreign trade.
Havens, as a young man took up the
study of civil engineering. 'Following
his profession he has spent several
years in 'Mexico and iSoutih American
A basket toall game 'between the
'boys' and girls' teams of Bayard and)
Glidden is credited with being respon
sible for a new outbreak of the flu at
Glidden. The epidemic had (been al
most stamped out, tout immediately
after the contest the Glidden physi
cians reported twenty new cases
and although the lid was put Ibaclo
that night, 150 cases have developed,
most of them directly traceable to the
game. Members of all four teams
have died, and a numlber of the other
players have pneumonia.
John W. Barry, widely known lum
foerman and one of the most (promin
ent Masons in Iowa, died at hi**
home in Cedar Rapids recently. He
'had been ill for 'some time and had'
been taking treatments at a sanitari
um In Michigan 'up to a few days
previous to his death. He was 611
years old and a native of Belvidere,
ttl'l. Mr. Barry had long ibeen deeply
interested in iMasonic affairs. He
held tlhe office of grand master last
year, and enjoyed wide popularity!
among the 'Masons of the state.
Cedar (Falls claims to have more
odd descriptive proper names than
any other town of its size in the
state, and offers the following in evi
dence: J. C. Rainbow is one of the
prominent vegetable growers of the
city Will Eyes tone Is a well-to-do
farmer near the city E. T. Weather
wax is manager of the gas company
H. B. Turnipseed, was one ot the lead
ing attorneys of the city up to the
time of his death a few weeks
and 'Miss Faith Kiddoo is the head of
the domestic science department of
the public schools and teaches the

xml | txt