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SAVE 16,000,000 BUSHELS
OF WHEAT THAT FORMERLY WA§ LOST IN THRESHING Farmery Urged by Food Administra tion, Provide 8even Extra Loaves •f Bread for Every American. 1 By adopting cleaner threshing meth od* and by literally combing harvest fields to gather grain formerly wast ed, threshermen and farmers of' the United States this year saved fully 16,000,000 bushels of wheat, estimated as equivalent to about seven one-pound loaves of bread for every person In the country. This result, accompanied by corresponding savings of barley, oats, rye and other grains, Is shown by reports from 33 grain states to the U. S. Food Administration. Other states, although not^ft-epared to furnish defi nite figures of conservation in the grain fields, report greatly reduced harvest losses. SHE KEPT THEM ON THE JOB This rural food saving achievement, accomplished in scarcely six months' time, whs in direct response to re quests by the Food Administration, Which asked farmers and thresherineq to reduce harvest losses from about SYt. per cent.—the estimated average in normal times—to the lowest possi ble minimum. Country grain thresh ing committees carried into every grain growing community thp official recommendations for aet'ompHshing j the results desired. In numerous instances drivers ot racks with leaky bottoms' were sent from the fields to repair tliejr equip ment and frequently bad Order thresh ing machines were stopped until the cause of waste was removed! But in proportion to the number of persons I engaged In gathering the nation's grain crop, cases of compulsion were com-1 paratively rare. The Food Adminis-! tration freely attributes the success of the grain threshing campaign to pa triotlc service by farmers, thresher-1 men and their crews. Incidentally grain growers of the United States are many millions of dollars "in pocket" as a result of the grain saved. NO ONE SUFFERED HERE. The marvel of our voluntary food saving,' now that we are "getting re sults," Is that no one ever actually suffered any hardship from It that we all are better In healtn and spirit and better satisfied with ourselves be cause of our friendly self-denial Food cdntrol In America held the price of breadstuffs steady, prevented vicious speculation and extortion and preserved tranquillity at home. *'V" In no other nation Is there so willing a sense of voluntary self-sacrifice as ,ln America—that was shown In the abstinence from wheat Find more wheat, it came more pork, it came save sugar, It was done. So Americans answered the challenge of German starvation. Good will, rules the new world as fear governed the old world. Through sharing food America helps make the whole world Ttln. Food control made sufficiency from shortage, kept the rein on food prices, gave the nation's full strength exer cise. Starvation by Germany challenged all the worid food conservation In America answered the challenge.'£/..• Food conservation In A' been the triumrh /r" timi HOUSE.WtFT SPIRIT OF DEMOCRACY lit, Voluntary Basis of Food Saving Showed Heart of America Beat True for Freedom. To the voluntary service and sacri fice of the American people must be attributed toe continued health, Btrength and morale of the Allied ar mies and the civil populace. Upon this spirit of service and sac rifice will depend Europe's fate in the months to come. In the past year we have carried out an export program, the magnitude of which is almost be yond comprehension. But with the new demands that have come, with the liberation of nations freed from German oppression, our exports must be almost doubled. Instead of 11,620, 000 tons, we must ship twenty million tons of food to Europe in the coming year—as' much as can be pushed through our ports. If the Allies had not been fed by America, It would have been impos sible for them to maiutain they- de fense against Germany. Meeting this world need on a purely voluntary basis, the American people have conclusively proved that democ racy is a success ana that in time of need it will rise to its own defense. If there were no other accomplish ment to Its credit the very fact that It has shown the strength of democracy has In itself more than justified the existence of the Food Administration in the eyes of the World. Less than four months after the United States declared war"the United States Food Administrator expressed his determination to meet America's food problem on a basis of voluntary action and' reiterated his confidence that awakened democracy would prove Irresistible. "Many thinking Americans," said Mr. Hoover, "and the whole world have-been watching anxiously the last four months In the fear that demo cratic America could ndt organize to meet autocratic Germany. Germany has been confident that it could not be done. Contrary proof is immediately at our door, and our people have al ready demonstrated their ability to mobilize, organize, endure and prepare voluntarily and efficiently In many di rections and upon the mere word of Inspiration aside from the remarkable assemblage of our Army and finances." The history of the Food Administra tion has clearly shown that the trust of those who put their faith In democ racy has not been misplaccd. THE BLUE TRIANGLE ON BABEL'S TOWER Lucia pulled hei shawl farther across her face and shrank down on the station platform bench as the solid blue figure suddenly bent down over her. Excitedly she shook her head In answer to the question that she could not in^erstnnd. She searched through her red plaid waist for the paper that Tony had folded into a little square and given to her. The writing on It, tn the English that Tony knew and she did not, told the house where she lived. Tony had explained It all to her that morning. He had told It to her again at the station. Then, waving his bat, he had disappeared Into the train with the rest of the men. and Lucia, had been left standing oueslde the gate. There were crowds of women pushing all about her. They were weeping. So Lucia wept, too. Lucia had been betrothed to Tony In the old country. Five years before, with a long ticket for, New York pinned Into his Inside pocket, her lover had left her.- He wrote In every let ter that he had made her a home In the new country. Her dowry money had finally provided her own transpor tation, and for two months Tony and she had beep married. Then he had drawn a ticket with a number on it, and this morning he had gone off to war. To the policeman Lucia told all these things in rapid Italian. But the po liceman only talked back to her as rapidly In a language that was not Italian. She followed him dumbly to headquarters. An hour later, a wom an wearing American clothes gently began talking"to her iu beautiful Ital ian. Italian Lucia was only one of thou sands of foreign-born women, Syrians, Italians, Armenians, Russians, Lithu anians, Polish, who, when the draft called their men folk to the American colors, asked In helpless confusion what It was all about When would their men be back? What did people mean when they told them they would receive money through the maUT Where could they find work that they knew hpw to do? Was there no one who could explain It all to them In their own language? The Y. W. C. A. was ready to offer assistance, but It would be of no value to offer* It in English. Consequently It had to supply a corps of women who could talk to the foreign-born woman' at her own door In the language that she was used to hearing In the home land. To teach her English was as essential a factor In her Americaniza tion as to find tier a job. Therefore the war council of the Y. W. C. A. set out to find her English. A year before the war began In Eu ro!^, the leaders 6f the Young Wom an^ Christian association foresaw Just such a situation, and made ready to meet it. They studied the needs of the Immigrant. They trained skilled American social workers to become fa miliar with the home habits and to $ thi speak the language of the. Lett and the Hungarian and the Greek and the oth er foreign mothers who brought ba bies and bundles over from Ellis island to Battery park. The organization ,lnto which this ex periment has developed was named by the Y. W. C. A. national board, "The International Institute for: Young Women." ^Ih terms which those wom en can understand, it is teaching the foreign-born how to sew and cook and care for the baby. To girls like Italian Lucia, who con fusedly lingered on the station plat forms when the draft trains pulled out, the W. Y. C. A. is giving direct as sistance. Educated European women, appointed to the regular staff of work ers at the camp Y. W. C. A. Hostess Houses are able to talk to the' drafted men in their own language, assist them in waiting letters home, and iu ar ranging furloughs and little visits to the camp. "The Home Information Service for Foreign Families of Enlisted Men" Is doing practical relief work for the wives and. mothers. The purpose of the board Is to help the women folk left behind to understand where their boys are and how they are being treat ed how they need home support and cheer, how to send them comforts, andt to keep pace themselves by learning English and other things, so that when the boys come home they will not find their women still very un-American and out of sympathy with them. Food conservation ^bulletins have been translated into 18 or 19.1anguages. At the factories and munition plants Interpreters are available for the non English speaking women by whom the real war industries of the country are being largely carried on. In 25 Im portant cities International Institute Bureaus are training American and foreign women for full time social service work with foreigners. Twenty four trained women are employed on the national and district field staff of the Y. AV. O. A. On June 15 there were 105 trained women working at Ameri canization. When more than 75,000 Chicago men filled out their blue cards for the Sep tember 12 draft, Gang Luo Wo^g ap peared at one precinct bringing, with him Mrs. Gang Wong and the three children. All five wished to register. The enrolling clerk explained, but the Gang Luo Wongs vmake AUDUBON COUNTY JOURNAL many broken Chinese remonstrances before the mas ter of the family was Induced to sign a card without his wife. Mrs. Wong could not speak English. What would his family do In a strange country If Gang Luo went to war? All over the United States Chinese and Poles and Serbs were asking the same question. It Is to Just such needs that the War Council of the Y. M. C, A. Is oram Ized to give assistance. ADVICE TO "FLU" CONVALESCENTS SPAIN AND ENGLAND REPORT INCREASE IN TUBERCULOSIS AFTER INFLUENZA EPIDEMIC. U. S. Public Health Service Warns Public Against Tuberculosis. One Million Cases Tubercu losis in United States—Each a Source, of Danger. Influenza Convalescents Should Have Lungs Examined—Colds Whleh Hang On Often Beginning ef Tuberculosis. No Cause for Alarm if Tuberculosis Is Recognised Early—Patent Medi cines Not to Be Trusted. ••••••••••••if******* Beware tuberculosis after In fluenza. No need to worry If you take precautions In time. Don't diagnose your own con dition. Have your doctor exam ine your lungs several times at monthly intervals. Build up your strength with right living, good food and plenty of fregh air. Don't waste money on patent medicines advertised to cure tu berculosis. Become a fresh-air crank and enjoy life. .* '.Washington, D. C. (Special.)—Ac cording to a report made to the United States Public Health Service, the epi demic of Influenza in Spain has al ready caused an Increase in the preva lence and deaths from pulmonary tu berculosis. A similar association be tween Influenza and tuberculosis was recently made by. Sir Arthur News holme, the chief medical officer of the English public health service, In his analysis of the tuberculosis death rate In England. In order that the people of the Unit ed States may profit by'the experience of other countries Surgeon General Rupert Blue of the United States Pub lic Health Service has Just issued a warning emphasizing the need of spe cial precautions at the present time. "Experience seems to Indicate," says the Surgeon General, "that persons whose resistance has been weakened One Million Consumptives in the United States. "Then you consider this a serious menace?" was asked. "In my opinion It is, though I hasten to add It Is dis tinctly one against which the people can guard. So far as one cau estimate years in Framinghani, Mass., revealed 200 cases of tuberculosis in a. popula-, tlou of approximately 15,000. If these proportions bold true for the United States as a whole they would indicate that about one in every hundred per sons' is tuberculous.. Each of tlie:se constitutes a source of danger to be guarded against." -f What to Do. In his statement to the public Sur geon" General Blue points out how those who have had influenza should protect themselves against tuberculo sis. "All who have recovered from in fluenza," says the Surgeon General, "should have their lungs carefully ex amined by a competent physician. In fact, It is desirable to have several ex- Danger Signs. patent medicine fakers. There is no specific medicine for the cure of tuber culosis. The money spent on such medicines Is thrown away It slinii1 be spent Instead for go«' tw ,-..v cent living." :v U-V«» P0LE5 JUGO-SLAVS ROUMANIANS THE PEACE TABLE AND AFTER NO. I Committee of the union League Club of Chicago.)' The war Is won. The armistice has been signed. The German military machine has been crushed. The world has been freed from the immediate threat of German conquest or domina tion. The peoples of Europe and America once more may breathe free ly. (Nevertheless PEACE TERMS MUST MAKE VICTORY REAL 1 »/C£S A AU*TMAns SAHAJ ITALIANS HI CZECHOSLOVAKS so far as human wisdom will permit the framers of the treaty must remove the causes of friction which brought the war about so that the world will not have to live under the constant menace of future aggression. They must readjust boundaries, not as na tional pridte or prejudice would dic tate, but on the basis of full justice to the inhabitants of the territories involved. If they do not the world war with all its misery and all it,s sacrifices will, have been in vain. The Surgeon General warned1, es'pe-J habitants of nations so small as to have daily against certain danger signs, little weight in European councils, must such as "decline" and "colds which be fixed around the peace table. These hang on." people are mostly of Slavic stock. These, he explained, were often the They embrace the Letts, Lithuanians, beginning of tuberculosis. "If you do Pnln's f*enho-Slovnks Little Russians not get well promptly, If your cold seems to hang on or your health and strength decline, remember that these are often the early signs of tuberculo sis. Place yourself at once under the care of a competent physician. Tuber culosis is curable In the early stages. Patent Medicines Dangerous In Tuber, culosls. "Above all do not trust In the mis leading statements of unscrupulous THE SLAV LANDS OF CENTRAL EUROPE. (Map Showing Racial Distribution and Proposed New Boundaries.) By CLARENCE L. SPEED (Written for and Approved by the War the greater part of the task for which the allied nations were by an attack of influenza are peculiar-1 fighting remains to be accomplished, ly susceptible to tuberculosis. With1 It must be accomplished at the peace tniiiinna of Its people recently affected table. The delegates who sit there with influenza this country now of-1 must fix the terras of a lasting peace, fers conditions favoring the spread of, .^fcriflces tuberculosis." in blood and treasure of- the United States and the other nations which fought autocracy will have been in vain and the world will have to live in constant fear of future wars. Must Establish Just Peace. The task of the diplomats is to es tablish a peace which will come as there are at present about one million near as possible to^ doing absolute jus- surplus production. For fifty years cases of tuberculosis' in the United tice to all tile peoples concerned. In tjhey have been taught this. Further States. There is unfortunately no complete census available to show ex actly the number of tuberculous per sons in each state despite the fact that most of the statfcs have made the dis ease reportable. In New York city, whore*reporting has been in force for many years, over SO,000 cases of tu berculosis are registered with tlie De partment of Health. Those familiar with the situation belleve_that the ad dition of unrecognized and unreported cases would make the number nearer 50,000. The very careful health sur vey conducted during the past twu The representatives of the allies at ,, the peace conference will find many obstacles ,n theU. SolDe of tliese Ger,mn si(,e the diplomats of the central powers seek ing always to retain as much as pos sible of the unfair advantages their governments had before the wt\r and of the gains they made during the early part of the struggle. Other obstacles —possibly the greatest—may, come from the conflicting aspirations of the nations whleh have fought on the al lied side. aminatidns made a month apart. Such peace settlements will be like examinations cannot be made- through I other settlements which have ended .the clothing nor can they be carried wars in the past. The rights of peo out In two or three minutes. If the pies will be subordinated to the desires lungs are found to be free from tuber- I of rulers and the treaty of peace will culosls every effort should be made to be only a stepping stone to strife. keep them so. This can be done" by right living, good food and plenty of fresh air." Compromises Are Likely.' All of these must be harmonized. Compromises, viio doubt, will have to be made In some instances, but the ends of justice must always be kept first in mind. If this is not done the The destinies of, roughly spenking, a hundred million persons who, at the beginning of the war, either had no separate political rights jr were iu- Poles, Czecho slovaks, Little Russians or Ukrainians, Roujnaulaus and Jugo slavs, including the heroic Serbians. Slav Lands Suffer Much All of these lands, shown on tne map above, have suffered cruelly from the war—more cruelly than during the weary ages which preceded it. All must first be fed or their desperate populations may be driven to anarchy. All must be helped to establish order and *5ulded alonS 1 the Pnth of f"g°v eminent. All must be given financial and economic assistance until they are ai)le to stand on their feet. If this is not done it Is certain that all of these lands will, in time, again fall into the clutches of Germany. It Wk 3AL0NIKI lllilllll will not do to conclude that Germany, because her armies for the moment are defeated and disorganized, no long er is to be considered a factor In the economic and political life of the world. Socialists Are Pan-Germans. The German government, at this writing, appears to be under the con trol of socialist groups who will bit terly oppose any return to the auto cratic form. But these same socialist leaders who now direct the German government were at the outbreak of the war and, in fact, up to a very, few weeks before its close, just as pan-German as the kaiser himself or his junker advisers who now are so cordially hated. The workers of Germany—the so cialists now in control of the govern ment—must look to the outside world for the raw materials to keep their mills busy and they must likewise look beyond the boundaries of their coun try for markets in which to sell their they have been taught that the way to get supplies of raw materials from abroad is not to buy them, giving their surplus manufactured products in re turn, but to go out and grab, the lauds which supply them. They also have been taught that the way to open for eign markets to their export trade is not to meet the other nations in fair competition, but to subdue neighbor ing lands and compel their peoples)tc purchase German products. It is not reasonable to believe tha' these German industrial workers havi changed their views overnight—that they would not try even under a so cialist. government for expansion if they thought there was a chance for success. More than ever before tliey must depend on the outside world both for their raw materials and their mar kets, and, defeated though they are,-' they- are likely to try to get these things in the only way they know— by force. Seek to Push Trade. This powerful industrial Germany, governed by socialists who must work or starve, who must get raw materials from abroad and sell their fiuished wares abroad, will be the nearest neighbor of the newly established Slav lands. These lands will furnish the best sources of raw material and the best markets for goods "made In Ger-, many." It is certain, therefore, that Ger many, under its new government, will make every effort to monopolize the trade of these lands, to keep them from progressing Industrially to a point where they would rival indus trial Genpany, and finally to reduce them to such economic dependence that political servitude might easily follow when the time is ripe. The allied nations have it In their power at the peace table to see that these new nations are firmly establish-:' ed. It is thei? plain duty, thereafter, to see that proper support, moral and financial, and, if nc^ssa.'y, military, is accorded them in order that they may become real barriers against Ger many's greed. No one nati.m, it is evl-. dent, can take up this burden alone. Something like a league of nations, un selfish and powerful, undoubtedly must fulfill this duty, because, if flie newly created states are left to ^mselvds it Is by no means certain tat they will not soon fall agalu unde. the con trol of a revived and reconstructed Germany, thereby made powerful enough ouce more to uucniyt to throt tle the world. .-.