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Audubon County journal. (Exira, Iowa) 1884-1993, February 27, 1919, Image 7

Image and text provided by State Historical Society of Iowa

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87057934/1919-02-27/ed-1/seq-7/

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^Before the war the South annually Im
ported about $600*000,000 worth of corn, hay,
grains, mixed feed, flour, meat and meat
products, dairy products, poultry and poul
try products, and canned goods. The emer
gency work of the United States department
of agriculture has emphasized intensive
home production with the result that 15
Southern states produced 141,787,000 bush
els more. corn In 1918 than th$y harvested
In 1909. The 11 states comprising the cot
ton belt produced 135 per cent more wheat
in 1918 than in 1909. These same stages
during the same period Increased their oats
crop 138 per cent their hay yield 128 per
cent Irish potatoes, 117 per cent and sweet
potatoes, 67 per cent.
(Prepared by the U. S. Department o£
today is as different from the
dixieland of 1910 as the indus
trious and experienced hands of
skilled agricultural workers can
make it. A near miracle has
been performed.' Thousands of
acres that were running wild
in weeds arid filth are now productive of profit
able crops of corn, wheat, oats, hay, cotton, tobac
co, potatoes, vegetables, and truck crops. Sec
tions that formerly had never exported a carload
of cattle, hogs, or sheep are now extensive pro
ducers -of mutton, beef, pork, wool, and dairy
products. Families which formerly lived a drear
life of meager existence are now not only enjoy
ing plenty of the staples but also many of the
luxuries of country life.
How was that revolution effected? How was a
mirage transformed into an actuality in the South
land? The war presented the opportunity for re
formation along agricultural lines due to the un
limited demand on the American food store
houses. The second reason is because the United
States department of agriculture and" thtf state
agricultural colleges, through the medium of 1,589
county agents, located in the 15 stajes from Tex
as to Oklahoma andj from Florida to Maryland,
have been steadily iirglng farmers to Increase
crop production to practice better farming meth
ods to maintain more live stock and to produce
In the South the majority of what food the South
annually, consumes, utilizing cotton as the leading
surplus cash .prop.
Heretofore the South has been'the Eden of the
one-mule, one-negro cotton farming corporation.
The negro farmers have raised cotton largely to
the exclusion of all other money, crops. Then
they have "about faced" and converted their cot
ton money Into Imported beans, bacon, arid bread
at the local supply stores. In view of this preva
lent and traditional practice of buying instead of
raising the bulk of food, the United States depart
m^pt of agriculture operated under severe handi
cap when It began food woitk .south of the Mason
and Dixon line.
Great credit Is given to the county agents, who
have not only shown Southern farihers In 15
states how to raise and produce vegetables, truck
crops, field crops and rneat products, but have
been successful in getting th$ farmers to raise
such products on a .large scale. Despite the fact
that the record price of cotton has operated
against the popularity of other crops, the average
farmer backed up the food program. Southern
farmers and townsmen raised plenty of potatoes,
as well as sorghum for sirup, in their home gar
dens. The farmers Increased their production of
Small grains, corn, hay, peanuts, velvet beans,
soy beans, eowpeas, as well as meat, milk and
For example, during 1918 Alabama Increased its
production of potatoes 68 per cent cotton, 30 per
cent hay, 12 per cent oats, 8 per cent hogs, 21
I per cent sheep, 19 per cent and sweet potatoes,
7 per cent, over the'yields of 1917.
The South has been a heavy buyer of hay, the
majority of her yearly forage coming from' the
Western states. The services of the Southern
county agents have increased the local hay pro
duction to the Extent that Alabama produced
1,293,000 toi)s of hay during the year 1918, as
compared with 166,000 tons in 1909. During the
period from 1909 to 1918, Georgia increased hay
•production -I-1'.: per cent North Carolina, 183 per
cent Florida, 862 per cent and South Carolina,
253 per cent. According to recent crop estimates
the hypothetical value of the farm crops of Ala
bama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi. North Caro
lina, and South Carojina, amounted to .*p8S9,213
000 in 1909 and $2,106,396,000 in 1917, an increase
of 250 per cent.
It is only logical that as theNproductlon of corn
a*d hajr increases In the Southern states, the
numbers of hogs anJ cattle raised ami kept show
corresponding gains. The razor-back hog has
been traditional of the goutli since'the Civil war,
but of late years these native rustlers have been
replaced by well-flnlshed porkers of desirable con
formation and breeding which nre more econom
ical In the manufacture of pork under Southern
conditions than are the grain-fed hogs of the corn
.belt in middle Western territory.
According to recept estimates by the bureau of
crop estimates, there are 65,066,000 hogs in the
United States, of which 29,651,000 animals, or 45.5
per cent, are on farms In the six corn belt states
of Town, Illinois, Nebraska, Missouri, Indiana, and
Ohio, while 21,756,000 porkers,-or 83.4 per cent,
nre located In the 15 Southern states, and the
remaining 21.1 per cent are distributed over the
remaining 27 states of the tJnion. Under pres
ent conditions the South ranks, second only to the
corn belt as the leading pork-producing section of
the country. The remarkable fact about the
growth of the hog business io the cotton states is
ttyut it has developed rapidly during, the last five
years as a direct result of the untiring efforts* of
county agents to popularize pork production.
Climatically the South Is the ideal live-stock sec
tion of this, country and present indications are
that it is en route to come into fts own..
Indicative of the rapid rise of the pork indus
try, 17 counties of southern Alabama, although
they did not ship to market a single carload of
hogs during the year 19i2-1918, marketed 2,352
carloads of hogs during the period from April 1,
1917, to April 1, 1918. Mississippi exported 7,244
hogs in 1914, while In 1917 she disposed of 88,730
fat' porkers, an increase of 1,224 per cent. For
the most part, the Southern-hogs are developed,
inexperislvely, on such forage crops as soy beans,
peanuts, cowpeas, chufas, potatoes, native grasses
and'clover, while corn is used as a finish feed to
firm, compact and "bloom" the flesh to the desir
able market quality.
-. The hog supply has developed with the Increase
in corn production. In 1909 North Carolina raised
34,000,000 bushels of corn, while In* 1918 it har
vested 64,365,000 bushels and fattened 1,599,000
hogs. Georgia produced approximately 29,475,000
bushels more corn in 1913 than In 1909, and dur
Ing 1918 handled 2,507,000 hogs. Similarly In the
case of the other Southern states, Increased yields
Of corn and pork have been Intimately related,
while the exigencies of war-time production have
speeded up the farmers and, largely In accord
with high market vSlues, have expedited pork
manufacture. Similarly, as a result of greater
hay production, more cattle have been kept In the
South. In 1914 Mississippi marketed only 86,229
fat cattle, while In 1916 It shipped 156.237 ani
mals to the St. Louis market, an Increase of 181
per cent. During 1915 Mississippi faftners sold
6,&>0 head of sheep in St. Louis, while In 1917
they shipped 15,917 sheep to the sam« mwket, an
Increase of 232 per cent.
Reports show 1,470,408 women actively engaged
In regular and emergency war work in "the South
ern states during 1917, while 980,272 girls assisted
along similar lines a total of 2,606,213 women
and girls worked to help win the war by garden
ing, poultry production, canning and drying fruits,
vegetables and meats, butter making and cheese
making.. Their adilevements are partially pic
tured In 200,000,000 cans of fruits and vegetables
now awaiting consumption In Southern etore
rooms and pantries. Impartial opinion states that
during the last 12 months the Southern states
have canned and preserved 500 per cent more
fruits and vegetables than In any slhiilar period
in the last half century.
The 62,227 women enrolled In 3,812 Southern
clubs recently have put up 34,993,677 cans of
vegetables and fruits worth over $7,000,000. In
addition they haye prepared over 2,750 tons of
dried fruits and vegetables, and brined, pickled
and stored 500 additional tons of vegetables. The
73,306 Southern girls engaged in regular club
work raised and canned 8,882,000 cans of vege
tables worth $1,500,000, as well as canning an ad
ditional 3,961,000 containers of fruits and vegeta
bles which they did not raise themselves.
Boys', club-work has also developed on an amaz
ing scale because of the persevering and con
Bdeutlous work of the county agents. During 191T
the job."
the enrollment of boys with re
spect to the branch of farming
was as follows: Corn, 40,394
pigs, 31,375 poultry, 11,(p) cot
ton, 5,297 miscellaneous, 4,087
potatoes, 3,441 peanuts, 3,157
and grain sorghum, 2,126. These
numbers were greatly increased
during 1918,. while an additional
400,000 boys.aided In emergency
work. The average yield of corn
of the boys' clubs was 47.97 bush
els per acre. Thousands of pure
bred pigs have been distribute*?
among the pig-cjub members,
Tlie boys' club work Is stimu
lating the attendance of fam
boys at agricultural colleges. I#
one Southern state, during 1917
218 club boys entered th.e State Agricultural col
Under the supervision of the Southern countj
agents, 303,723 adult farmers conducted farmini
demonstrations in 1917—-the 1918 figures are no!
yet available—on 501,729 acr?ri of COl'Il, 150,GCt
acres of wheat, 68,769 acres of rye, 77,597 acres oj
s.oy beansT 540,448 acres of velvet beans, 44,52f
acres of alfalfa, 100,505 acres peanuts, 14,801
acres Irish potatoes, 11,178 acres sweet potatoel
and 364,741 acres of miscellaneous forage cropi
for hay and soil improvement purposes.1
Approximately 636,006 fruit
In Southenj
farm orchards pre yielding more fruit of bettei
quality' as the result of intensive spraying and
pmnlng demonstrations conducted by the countj
agents. The county agents also had charge oi
feeding demonstrations with 18,598 head of bed
cattle as well as 30,041 hogs. In addition thej
insisted in the importation of 58,007 beef cattli
for breeding purposes, while they aided In build
ing 2,256 dipping vats and 5,517 silos. They in
structed 56,031 farmers how to care for farm
manure they conducted 25,068 lime demonstra^
tlons they advised 156,804 farmers concerning
the use of commercial fertilizer they furnished
building plans for 3,028 farm buildings they in
stalled 1,753 home water systems they super
vised'28,812 tiling demonstrations and 20,439 tet
racing demonstrations, and directed 315,654 homi
gardens. Southern county agents visited 885,964
farms nnd received 765,207 callers at their offices
or home. They delivered addresses at 78,99f
meetings attended by 8,880,403 people.
Here Is the story of how an ingenious mothet
taught her little son to read before he could talk
or walk properly. Although not three, he can
now read with accuracy and ease, yet a normal
baby. In fact, any boy or girl could be Similarly
In this particular cqse the child began to notice
the larger headlines in newspapers and to ask in
"baby language what they were. The letter was
pointed out to him, and fo? a time he was content
to look for this. Next his mother taught him
and A, these being selected as sufficiently differ*
^ent from to avoid confusion. The idea of the
letters was thus grasped, and It was easy to teach
the boy the entire remaining alphabet.
Then his mother began to print letters for him,
when he asked for pictures on pieces of paper.
This was called drawing. Gradually she combined
the letters in words suited to his experience, such
as "horse" and "dog." Sometimes he tried to
draw the letters himself, achieving quite a credit
able at twenty-six months. Also an occasional
A, F, B, O and Z.
Gradually small letters Instead of capitals were
drawn for the words he recognized, and soon he
know that "dog" and "DOG" meant the same.
Small cards were used Instead of bits of paper,
being drawn at the top. Thus, step by
step, he was taught the appearance of words and
letters, until one day his mother took him on hei
lap and read a simple story to him, poiutlng to
each word, the appearance of which had already
been impressed on his mind by the card system.
This reading was continued for some time.
Then one evening his mother said, "You read a
story to father," and the boy, pronouncing each
word without error, slowly, and with proper into
nation, read six lines of simple words without a
"Won't you be glad when no more of yotu
private letters are opened by the censor?"
"I don't Uriow about" that My wife is still
Doesn't hurt! Lift any corn, or
callus off with Angers
Don't suffer I a tiny bottle ol
Freezone. costs but a few cents at any
drug store. Apply a few drops on the
corns, calluses and "hard skin" on bot
tom of feet, then lift them off.
Wlien Freezone removes corns from
the toes or calluses from the bottom
of feet, the skin .beneath is left pink
and healthy and never sore* tender or
The Collector's Retort.
"Call again some day," said he to
the collector. "I haven't any money'
"This bill has been running a long
while now."
"I know it. But I'll pay it some day.
If I don't you can collect it from my
llfe Insurance when I die."
"I'm not so sure of that. If you
don't pay thd life insurance companies
any better than you pay us, there
won't be any life Insurance."
When meals hit back and your stom
ach is sour, acid, gassy, or you feel full
and bloated. When you have heavy
lumps of pain or headache from indl
gestion. Here Is instant relief I
Just as soon as you eat a tablet or
two of Pape's Diapepsln all the dys
pepsia, indigestion and stomach dis=~~
tress ends. These pleasant, harmless
tablets of Pape's Diapepsln never fail
to make upset stomachs Heel fine at
once, and they cost very little a£ 4rug
stores. Adv. -:-V
Beginning Agaliu'^vjs"
"Yotfused to qpote poetry to me by
the'yard when you were courting me."
"I didn't have anything In particu
lar on my mind then."
"What?" .... s"
"I mean anything serious."
"What I was tryingrto say was—oh,
the devil I Why can't a man spend a
quiet evening by his own fireside?"—
Birmingham Age-Herald.
Instant relief! Limber up! Rub
pain, soreness, stiffness right
out with"St. Jacob's Liniment."
When your back is sore and lame
or lumbago, sciatica or neuritis has
you stiffened up, don't suffer! Get a
small trial bottle of old, honest "St.'
Jacobs Liniment" at any drug store,
pour a little in your band and rub it
right into the pain or ache, and by the
time you count fifty, the soreness and
lameness is gone.
.•Don't stay crippled 1 This soothing,v
penetrating liniment takes the ache
and pain right out and ends the misery.
It is magical, yet absolutely harmless
and doesn't burn or discolor the skin.
Nothing else stops lumbago, sciatica:
and lame back misery so promptly and
surely. It never disappoints!—Adv.
Bright Side.
"It is hard on a little boy to have
to sit still all day, Isn't it?" I asked
my nephew, who had broken his leg.
"Yes, it Is," he agreed, "but it gives
his relatives a dice chance'to do things,,
for him."—Chicago Tribune.
Why use ordinary cough remedl«s
when Boschee's Syrup has been used
successfully for fifty-one years in
all parts of „the United States fur
coughs, bronchitis, colds settled in the
throat, especially lung troubles? At
gives the yatient a good night's rest,
free from coughing, with easy expec
toration in the morning, gives nature
a chance to soothe the inflamed parts,
throw off the disease, helping the pa
tient to regain his health, Made In
America and sold for more than half
a century.—Adv.
Hi'i'.ic people get so far on their
nerve sometimes they can't get buek»-

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