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These facts are set forth In a sta
tistical summary of "The War With Germany/' compiled under the direc tion of Col. Leonard P. Ayers, chief of the statistics branch of the general staff of the army. This summary, just published by Colonel Ayers by direction of the sec retary of war, is a complete review of America's participation In the war against Germany condensed into less •than 150 pages. It is a detailed sum mary of American military operations, and yet the long statistical tables usually found in official reports are entirely lacking. Col. Leonard P. Ayers Is the only of ficer from civilian life who has risen to the position of chief of a division of the general staff. Before the war lie was a director of the Russell Sage Foundation. He was chief statistical officer of the peace committee. After his return here he received the dis tinguished service medal. Col. Leonard P. Ayers Prepares a Remarkable Statistical Summary Showing Comparative Costs in Men, Money and Material for All the Countries Engaged—Cost to the United Some of the Figures. Some of the statistical summaries In the report show: The war cost the United States con siderably more than $1,000,000 an hour for over two years. America's expenditures In the war •were sufficient to have carried 'on the Revolutionary war continuously for more than a thousand years at the rate of expenditure which that war actually involved. During the first three months ex penditures were at the rate of $2,000, 000 a day. During the next year they averaged more than $22,000,000 a day. For the final ten months the daily average was over $44,000,000. States Is $22,000,000,000. "Washington.—The war cost the tJnited States directly about $22,000, 000,000, or nearly enough to pay the entire cost of running the American government from 1791 up to the out break of the European war. For every hundred American soldiers and sail-, ors who served In the war with Ger many two were killed or died of dis ease during the period of hostilities. The number of men serving in the armed forces of the nation during the war was 4,800,000, of wbfom 4,000,000 served in the army. Tlu» total war costs of all nations were about $186,000,000,000, of which the allies and the United States spent two-thirds and the enemy one-third. The three nations spending the greatest amounts were Germany, Great Britain and France, In that or der. After them come the United States and Austria-Hungary, with sub stantially equal expenditures. The United States spent about one eighth of the entire cost of the war Orphaned Fawn Adopts Man as Its Guardian Williamsport, Pa. George Hummel, a resident of Liberty, while fishing at the head of Gray's run, heard a fawn bleat ing in the woods up the moun tain side, and upon investiga tion came upon a strange sight. On the ground lay a dead doe with a dead fawn by her side, while a live fawn stood guard nearby. The live animal had worn path where it had trot ted around the body of the moth er. There were no bullet holes in the carcass. Mr. Hummel had some cookies in his pocket which he fed to the little fawn, and the animal followed him home, apparently content that It had found a friend. Mr. Hum mel reported the case to a game protector and is caring for the fawn. Hi'i FIGURES OF AMERICA'S PART IN WAR PASS ALL FORMER RECORDS and something less than one-fifth of the expenditures of the allied side. The total battle deaths of all na tions in this war were greater than all deaths In all the wars in the previous hundred years. Russian battle deaths were 34 times as heavy as those of the United States, those of Germany 32 times as great, France 28 times and the Brit ish 18 times as large. Infantry Suffered Most. In the American army the casualty rate in the Infantry was higher than In any other service, and that for offi cers was higher than for men. For every man killed In battle seven were wourified. Five out of every six men sent to hospitals on account of wounds were cured and returned to duty. Pneumonia killed more soldiers than were killed In battle. Meningitis was the next most serious disease. The British sent more men to France in their first year of war than we did In our first year, but it took England three years to reach a strength of 2,000,000 men In France, and the United States accomplished it in one-half of that time. In the physical examinations the states of the middle West made the best showing. Country boys did better than city boys, white better than col ored and native better than foreign born. Most of the troops who sailed for France left New York. Half of them landed in England and the other half In France. Of every 100 Americans who went over, 49 went in British ships, 45 in American ships, three in Italian, two in French and one In Russian ship ping under English control. American cargo ships averaged one complete trip every 70 days and troop ships one complete trip every 35 days. The cargo fleet was almost entirely American. It reached the size of 2, 000,000 deadweight tons, and carried to Europe about 7,500,000 tons of cargo. Work of Engineers. American engineers built in France 83 new ship berths, 1,000 miles of standard gauge track and 538 miles of narrow gauge track. The signal corps strung In France 100,000 miles of telephone and tele graph wire. Prior to the armistice 40,000 tracks were shipped to the forces In France. Construction projects In the United States cost twice as much as the Pana ma canal, and construction overseas was on nearly twice as large a scale. The entire number of American ma chine guns produced to the end of 1918 was 227,000. The Browning machine guns are be lieved to be more effective than the corresponding weapons used in any other army. American production of rifle ammu nition amounted to approximately 3, 500,000,000 rounds, of which 1,500,000, 000 rounds were shipped overseas. The number of rounds of complete artillery ammunition produced In American plants was in excess of 20, 000,000, compared with 9,000,000 rounds secured from the French and British. BRITISH AIRSHIP PREPARING TO FLY TO INDIA The R-33, sister ship to the K-34 which recently mude ihe flight to the United States und buck to England, Is reported to be making, preparations for si flight to India. The photograph shows drums being hoisted aboard the R-33 prior to the airship's 31-hour trip over tlin British Isles. Insert is a portrait 6f Cupt. M. G. Thomas, her commander. In the first 20 months after the dec laration of war by each country the British did better than the United States in the production of light artil lery, and the United States excelled them In producing heavy artillery and both light and heavy ammunition. At the end of the war American pro duction of smokeless powder was 45 per cent greater than the French and British production combined. The American production of high explo sives was 40 per cent greater tliarr Groat Britain's and nearly double that of France. Out of every hundred days that 1 4 STUDIES EDUCATION Dr. Salas Marclian, prominent Chil ean scholar, who" with his wife is in this country studying the educational System for the benefit of his govern ment. American combat divisions were in line in France they were supported by their own artillery for 75 days, by British artillery for five days and by French^ for one and a half days. In round numbers, America had in France 3,500 pieces of artillery, of which nearly 500 were made In Amer ica, and Americans used on the tiring line 2,250 pieces, of which over 100 were made In America. Airplane Production. When the United States entered the war the allies made the designs of their planes available to Americans, and befcire the end of hostilities fur* nlshed from their own manufacture 3,800 service planes. Aviation training schools in the United States graduated 8,602 men from elementary courses and 4,028 from advanced courses. More than 5, 000 pilots and observers were sent overseas. There were produced In the United States to November 30, 1918, more than 8,000 training planes and more than 16,000 training engines. The American air force at the front grew from three squadrons in April to 45 In November, 1918. On November 11 the 45 squadrons had an equipment of 740 planes. Of 2,698 planes sent to the zone of the advance for American aviators, 667, or nearly one-fourth, were of American production. American air squadrons brought down in combat 755 enemy planes, while their own losses of planes num bered only 357. American divisions were in battle for 200 days and engaged In 13 major operations. From the middle of August until the end of the war the American divisions held during the greater part of the time a front longer than that held by the British. In October the American divisions held 101 miles'of line, or 23 per cent of the entire western front. In the battle of St. Mihlel 550,000 Americans wore engaged, compared with about 100,000 on the northern side In the battle of Gettysburg. The artillery fired more than 1,000,000 shells In four hours, which is the most Intense concentration of artillery fire I recorded In history. The Meusc-Argoune battle lasted for 47 days, during which 1,200,000 Ameri can troops were engaged. WRESTLING PARSON IN ARMY Soldiers Thrown by Chaplain Curri? of Second Division Promise to Go to Church. *fc With the American Forces In •Ger many.—Chaplain E. S. Currle of th Second (llvlslpn has become known among th« American forces on the Rhine as "the wrestling parson" in I ills go-to-church campaign, which lie 1 inaugurated recently among the sol diers. I Chaplain Currle has been putting on an exhibition in Leutesdorf every night the last few weeks, and each man lie throws promises to Induce live other soldiers to accompany him to church the Sunday following the wrestling match. The contests have been held in the Leutesdorf. playhouse. Chaplain Cur rle has been taking on different men from the Third battalion of the Sixth marines each night. Reports to the chaplain's office of the Second di vision say that Chaplain Currle has been winning about 75 per cent of the matches. AUDUBON COUNTY JOURNAL. $ Looking over the newest things in bathing suits one might easily con clude that fair bathers object to get ting wet and, only go into the water to get cool, or to be "in the swim" with their sister bathers. What'they really object to (unless they possess Venus de Medici figures) is the way in which bathing togs cling and slick and the somewhat bedraggled appearance they are likely to make when they come out of the water. Nothing escapes the notice of the keen manufacturers of bathing togs and they have met this situation with suits on the order of that one shown in the picture. Rubberized silk in rose color is used to mdtee the shapely and modest over dress in this suit and it is trimmed with black and white checkerboard bands that give it a lot of snap. The long-waisted body is gathered Into wide flat band with the fullness brought to the sides and,the skirt Js managed in the same way, so that even bathing suits taJ# note of the wider hips that are indicated in styles for fall. The knickers for this suit are made of black satin and a vestee of the same material in the overdress bears them company. Black silk stockings and black sateen slippers take care of the feet In an effective but inconspicu ous fashion, while a gay little four-cor Rubberized Silks in Bathing Suits KMtM How to Wash Colored Embroidery, with a 'plece^of brown or white paper The best way to bleach white goods having colored embroidery (sueh as dollies and other articles which can not be boiled for. fear the color will fade) ^s to wash them and then dry them in Ihe shade. Put them in an old pillow-case which has been dipped In very strong bluing water and thor oughly dried. Then hang the case, with the embroidered articles inside, in the light for several days. They will be perfectly white and the col ored embroidery will not be one bit faded. Look After the Smoothing Iron. After the temper of a smoothing Iron is spoiled it will never retain the heat so well again. Therefore never let Irons stand on the stove when there is a hot Are unless they are In constant use, and do not allow them ,to become over-lieated. ... .. When Heating Irons. Turn an old pan or kettle over -rons which are being heated and the.v will get hot much quicker. Tills also keeps the room cooler. How to Press Black Lace.' To press black lace, sponge with clear water on the right side untlf quite wet, lay right side down 011 a black pad, cover with a black cloth and press with a hot Iron. When tills is done it will be found that the lace is like new. A New Scheme for Ironing Ribbon. If the ribbon has been washed In gasoline let it get thoroughly aired be fore pressing. If washed In soap and water, roll in a dry cloth before press ing. Lay several thicknesses of pa per on the Ironing hoard, then place ono end of the ribbon on the paper, «3 western Newspaper union nered cap of rose colored rubber cloth puts a pretty finishing touch to the outfit. As no one aspires to a deep coat o^ tan this year, a black and white striped parasol lends its aid to face creams to keep the face and neck from too much sunburn. Rubberized silks in brilliant colors have been used in much more elabor ate beach clothes than this very sen sible suit, and even for those who pre fer silk or wool In their swimming clothes, mantles and capes of rubber ized silk prove sightly for wear on the beach and for the walk to and from it Pile Fabrics Popular The prophecy, that, when the price of a pile fabric clashes with that of a fair quality fur, the latter Is preferred, does not seem to be borne out In the operations of the cloak manufacturers for fall, pile fabrics In the most ex pensive makes are proving so popular with the buyers that it is estimated the supply Is going to fall far short ol the demand. The pile fabric makers believe that the most important rea son for this successful competition of their product with fur is that the imitation has reached a stage where it is difficult to teH the difference be tween it and the real thing. Another reason ascribed is the better wearing quality of the artificial fur. on each side. Now press hard with a warm flatiron on the ribbon under the paper, and pull the ribbon all under the flatiron. Then reverse the ends. It requires two persons to successfully press ribbons in this way. The proc ess is very simple, and the ribbon will look as good as^when new, and will not lose its stiffness or look glossy, as those ironed the old way. Big Demand for Skirts: The great retail demand for summer skirts has cleaned out retail stocks and showered the'manufacturers with du plicate orders. Flannels and gabardines are among the leaders, although linens and crepes are getting their usual heavy demand. White is most desired, but the pastel shades are attracting more than the usual amount of atten tion given to colored skirts for the sum mer. The scarcity of silks and the high prices quoted by Jobbers of such material, will turn to other fabrics, it is said, some of the business that would otherwise go to silk numbers. If a Rug Curls. Rugs that curl on edge or wrinkle in middle have lost their "sizing." Place the rug fuce clown on the floor. Make very thin cooked starch and add a small quantity of powdered gum arable dissolved in 11 little water. Ap ply to back of rug with a paintbrush or a paper hanger's brush. When the rug is dry it will be quite stiff -»nd will lie without curling.. HOME TOWN HELPS^ FREE PLANS FOR DWELLINGS United States Housing Corporation's Scheme to Assist Own-Your Own-Home Committees. 7 The fact that plans for dwellings, prepared by the United States Housing corporation during war time for vari ous government projects, are to be made available for general public use by the own-your-own-home section, Information and education service, United States department of labor, will serve to stimulate the interest of wom en in all parts of the country in tliis movement. Several types of houses have been selected, and the plans for these will be given to own-your-own-home com mittees which are now carrying on campaigns in more than 40 cities. These plans are for dwellings that will best serve the needs of average fami lies. Beauty and utility have been combined in the most practical manner and the plans are capable of many va riations. It Is explained that the pur pose is not to interfere in any way with the work of local architects by thus providing government plans, free of cost, but It is expected that when the estimates in widely separated states are compiled the information will be of value to prospective home owners, while it will afford compari sons of the varying cost of construc tion in many .parts of the United States. The employment of local arch itects Is advocated. 9 Requests that local own-your-own-' hom^ campaigns be started without delay were sent out by the United States department of labor to 400 cities. Letters were addressed to mayors, labor organizations and the clergy, as well as to clubs and other associations that have expressed, will ingness to aid the campaigns. While there are now 40 cities conducting well advanced own-your-own-home cam paigns, nearly 200 others have started the work of stimulating building. SEES NEED FOR ZONING LAW Writer Points Out Why Exclusively Residence Districts Should Be Af forded Proper Protection. Chicago Is asking the Illinois legisla-J ture for a zoning law—^ law that will permit cities in Illinois to say what part shall be reserved for residence purposes, Thig is a thing that every city In the country has some inter »est in because It Is a step in the right direction, asserts the Davenport Times. There must be factory and commercial districts, of course, and there must also be residence districts. But it isn't fair to a man who has developed a residence property, beautified the grounds, and arranged the house to suit him, to have all of sudden, sortie sort of business concern established next door, to the deterlment of his home. Every city in the country has numerous examples of just that sort of thing. Restricting residence property is going to become more and more the thing as the years go by. We have a few districts in Davenport that are thus protected, but there are many other districts where the people who own homes have no protection at all from the possibility of undesirable construction and business enterprise* on the lots next door. Building a House for 8unshine. One of the problems of modern city1 planning is .to get sunshine. For ex ample, to quote a Canadian city planner propounding what almost sounds like a conundrum: "How shall a,detached building be constructed and oriented so that not only the exterior wall surfaces, but also the surface of the ground around them shall have the direct rays of the sun for as long a1 time as possible on December 21?" The problem, it appears, can be worked out, and has been, In the case of at least one town, In which each house, and even each 'building in the busi ness section, is a solution of this tech nical problem. It appears also that the way not to do It is to follow the long established custom of many build ers In the north temperate zone and square the walls of the building with the points of the compass. The town that gets all possible sunlight has no north and south or east and west streets, and the walls of its structures stand at various angles with the weather vane, if there Is one, on the church steeple. Own a Horrte. The ownership of homes makes for the spirit of c6-operation for the good of the community, based upon full ap preciation of the fact tfiat no man's real success can be built upon the fail ure of those around him. Of the last ing impressions that one gains upon going to a new town are the character of its Inhabitants and the character of the houses that they live in. v1. Roller-Skating In Business. Roller-skating, once Indulged In only for pleasure, has now become an Im portant accomplishment in many busi qess houses. Several large mall-order houses in both Chicago and New York require office boys to know how to get abour: on skates, giving them a care fully worked-out route between the diffit ent departments.