Newspaper Page Text
8:2 as] iot Mt to 00 lej er wl i- v. •/'•W rr. ed I •w LEAGUE FULFILS AMERICAN IDEAL Herbert Hoover Says Democra cies Replaced Autocracies at Our Bidding. am FOOD ADMINISTRATION CHIEF. Urges Ratification orr Ground That Peace Treaty Will Collapse Without League Nations. Herbert Hoover is so deeply con cerned over the opposition to the League of Nations in the United States that he has let himself be in terviewed at length on the League sit uation. In a talk with the New York Times correspondent ii\ Paris, the Food Administration Chief asserts that haying caused the League idea to pre vail America1 cannot abandon it. We cannot withdraw, he says, and leave Europe to chaos. "To abandon' the League Covenant now means that the treaty itself will collapse." Mr. Hoover's wide acquaintance •with conditions both here and abroad, his reputation as an administrator,-a man of great affairs who deals with facts, qot theories, make his state ment one of the most important con tributions to the recent League discus sions. "There are one or two joints in con nection with the present treaty," said Mr. Hoover, "that need careful consid eration by the American public. We need to digest the fact that we have for a century and a half been advo cating democracy not only as a remedy for the internal ills of all so ciety, but also as the only real safe guard against war. We have believed *n£ & s|.a»2a JLnJ tnat a world which there was a free expression and enforcement of the will of the majority was the real basis of government, was essential for the advancement of civilization, and that we have proved Its enormous hu man benefits In our country. American Ideas Have Prevailed. "We went into the war to destroy autocracy a* a menace to our own and all other democracies. If we had not come into the war every inch of Euro pean soil today would be under auto cratic government. We have imposed our will on' the world. Out of this .victory has come the destruction of the four great autocracies in Ger many, Iiussia, Turkey and Austria and the little autocracy In Greece. New democracies have sprung Into being in Poland, Finland,v Letvia, Lithuania, Esthonia, Czechoslovakia, Greater Serbia, Greece, Siberia, and even Ger many and Austria have established democratic governments. Beyond these a host of small republics,, such as Armenia,, Georgia, Azerbaijan and others, have sprung up, and again as a result of this great world movement the constitutions of Spain, Rumania, and even England, have made a final ascent to complete fi'anchise and de mocracy, although they still maintain a symbol of royalty. •'We have been the living spring for this last century and half from which these ideas have sprung, and we have triumphed. The world today, except for a comparatively few reactionary and communistic autocracies, Is dem ocratic, and we did it "A man who takes a wife and blesses the world with several Infants capnot go away and leave them on the claim that there Was no legal mar riage. "These infant democracies all have political, social and economic prob lems involving their neighbors that are fraught with the most intense friction. There are no natural bound aries in Europe. Races are not com pact they blend at every border. They need railway communication and sea outlets through their neighbors' terri tory. "Many of these states must for the next few years struggle almost for bare bones to maintain their very existence. Every one of them is go ing to do its best to protect its own interests, even to the prejudice of it* neighbors. Governments Lack Experience. "We in America should realize that He Has Had His Day democracy, as a stable form of govern ment as we know it, is possible only with highly educated populations and a large force of men who are capable of government. Few of the meli who compose these governments have had an^r actual experience at governing and their populations are woefully Il literate. "They will require a generation of actual national life In peace to de velop free education and skill in gov ernment. "Unless these countries have a guid ing hand and referee in their quarrels, a court of appeals for their wrongs, this Europe will go back to chaos. If there is such an institution, rep resenting the public opinion of the world,and able to exert its authority, they will\grow into stability. \e can not turn bacjr now. "There is Another point which also needs emphasis. World treaties hith erto have always been based oh the theory of a balance of power. .Strong er races have been set up to dominate the weaker, partly with a view to maintaining stability and to a greater degree with a view to maintaining oc cupations and positions for the re actionaries of the world. "The balance of power is born of armies and navies, aristocracies, autocracies, and reactionaries general ly, who can find employment and domination in these institutions, and treaties founded on this basis have established stability after each great war for a shorter or longer time, but never more than a generation. "Ajnerica came forward with a new Idea, and we insisted upon its injec tion into this peace conference. We claimed that it' was possible to set up such a piece of machinery with such authority that the balance of power could be abandoned as a relic of the middle ages. We'compelled an entire construction of this treaty and every, word and line in It to bend to this idea. "Outside of the League of Nations the treaty itself has many deficiencies. It represents compromises between many men and between many selfish Interests, and these very compromises and deficiencies are multiplied by the many new nations that have entered upon its signature, and the very safety of the treaty Itself lies In a court of appeal for the remedy of wrongs In the treaty. Benefits of the League. "One thing is certain. There Is no body of human beings so wise that a treaty could be made that would not develop Injustice and prove to have been wrong In some particulars. As the covenant stands today there is a plaeje at which redress can be found and through which the good-will of the world can be enforced. The very machinery by which the treaty is to be executed, and scores of points yet# to be solved, which have been referred to the League of Nations as a method of securing more mature judgment in a lesS heated atmosphere, justifies the creation of the League. "To abandon the covenant now means that the treaty itself will col lapse. "It would take the exposure of but a few documents at my hand to prove that I had been the most reluctant of Americans to become Involved in this situation in Europe. But having gone in with our eyes open and with a de termination to free ourselves and the rest of the world from the dangers that surrounded us, we cannot now pull back from the job. It is no use to hold a great revival and then go away leaving a church for continued services half done. "We have succeeded In a most ex traordinary degree in Imposing upon Europe the complete conviction that we are absolutely disinterested. The consequence is that there is scarcely a man, woman or child who can read In Europe that does not look to the United States as the ultimate' source from which they must receive assur ances and guardianship in the liberties which they have now secured after so many generations of struggle. "This is not a problem of protecting the big nations, for the few that re main can well look after themselves. What we have done is to set up a score of little democracies, and if the American people could visualize their handiwork they would insist with the same determination that tliey did in 1917 that our government proceed." TmrnrmrnimmtT MADE TIME OF GAY REUNION "Beating the Bounds," in Virginia, at Least, Drew Together Neigh-. bors From Far and Near. "Boating the bounds" was a spe cially important duty in the colonies, where land surveys were Imperfect, land grants irregular, and the bound aries of each man's farm or planta tion at first very uncertain. In Vir ginia this beating the bounds was called "processioning." Landmarks were renewed that were becoming ob literated blazes on a tree would be somewhat grown over they were deeply recut piles of great stones containing a certain number for des ignation were sometimes scattered— the original number would be re stored. Special trees would be found fallen or cut down new marking trees would be planted, usually pear trees, as they were long-lived. Dis puted boundaries were decided upon and announced to all the persons pres ent, some of whom at the next "pro cessioning" would even be able to testify as to the correct line. This processioning took place between Easter and Whitsuntide, that lovely season of the year in Virginia and must have proved a pleasant reunion of neighbors, a ^jVIay-party. In New England this was called "perambu lating the bounds," ahd the surveyors who took charge were called "peram bulators" or "boundsgoers."—Alice Morse Earle In Child Life In Colonial Days. DREADED SNAKE UNDER FALLS According to Indian Superstition, Rep. tile's Breaking Loose Ended in Destruction of Villages. Formerly, according to Indian su perstition, there dwelt under Niagara falls a gigantic snake, which now and then would make its way to an Indian village and coil itself around the town. It swallowed the people, and made itself further obnoxious by poisoning the springs and wells with its spittle. The Hiwassee river, in the south ern Allegheny region, is infested by an enormous leech. Occasionally a certain ledge of rock- is exposed when the water is low, so that people are tempted to cross over it. Anybody who tries to do so, however, is inevi tably seized and sucked down. Near the head of the Savannah river are the famous Talula falls. It has be^n well known for centuries that the Thunder Spirit lives beneath these falls, and its roaring may at any time be heard in the noise of the cataract. One hundred miles to the southeast of Death valley, (in California') is Dead mountain, which is the abode of multitudes of ghosts. At all events, the Indians so believe, though when one approaches the mountain one per ceives that the spooks are merely broken and precipitous rocks shining white in the sun. •. Life of Chilean Girls. The Chilean, girl's reason for'being is marriage, and. one of her earliest les sons is that woman's place Is indeed the home and that man is ordained her master, the World Outlook says. Old maids have a particularly horrid time In Chile and most of them take the rail. There is little else for them to do, for'they can't all become school teachers and no other career is open for the young woman who does not marry. Women journalists, doctors, lawyers, stenographers and clerks are practically unknown. Perhaps this somewhat oriental ideal of Chilean womanhood explains why the tinkling of the piano rather than the clicking of typewriter keys is the chief mechanical noise one hears at the Santiago College for Girls, and why the most important exercise is an exhibit of fine needlework and hand-painted china rather than essays on "Why toe Woman Needs the Vote." Famous Writer of Songs. the songs that George F. Root com posed or arranged during the Civil war would almost fill a volume. With George Root music was a profession. He was born in Massachusetts in 1820, and studied music both in this country and abroad. Before, during and for a considerable time after the Civil war, Mr. Root was a music publisher in Chi cago. Previous to the war he had written a number of cantatas and similar com positions, but when the war started he turned all of his attention to composing war songs. One of the most spirited songs was "Tramp, Tramp, Tramp, the Boys Are Marching," and Its composition should entitle him to rank among the makers of living national music. Next to "Tramp, Tramp, Tramp," the most popular of Root's war songs was "The Battle Cry of Freedom." Fishlno in Japan. j*$§ Japanese fishermen catch their fish in a way very different from our fish ermen. The fisherman Will sit in his Utile boat and have with him eight or ten ugly black birds, almost the size of a goose, called cormorants. These birds live altogether on fish. They are trained to obey their owner's voice. He makes them dive into the water after the fish and they are so quick and clever and sharp-eyed that they hardly ever come up out of the water without fish In their beak. A ring Is placed around their throats to prevent them from swallowing their booty, but It Is not so tight that it prevents them from breathing. When the man Is through fishing he unfastens this ring and lets his birds eat some of the smaller fish which they have caught TRUTH OF CLOCK'S SOUNDS Real Reasons Why Large Timepiece Is Always Considered to Be Saying "Tick, Tock." ....... ., Why "do we always regard a clock •as saying "tick, tock," and not "tick, tick," like a watch? Is there really any distinction between the alternate sounds, or is it a matter of psycholi ogy? Attention to the problem has been given by an investigator, whose conclusions are most interesting. The- general opinion, according to him, has always been that it was mere ly a matter of chance whether the "tick" accompanied the left and the "tock" the right beat of the pendu lum or vice versa. The first Impor tant discovery this authority made was that the "tick" always marks the mo ment when the pendulum reaches the extreme point of detonation from the perpendicular on its beat to the right, while the reaching of its swing limit to the left Is marked by the "tock" in pendulums of all lengths. He found that owing to the fact that the anchor of the escapement mechanism is above the rotating escapement wheel and in the same plane with it, the conditions under which its arms strike the cogs of the wheel are not the same for both arms. One of the arms of the anchor strikes a cog of the wheel moving up ward, in a direction opposed to that of the anchor, while the other arm strikes against the cog while It is moving downward, nearly in the same direction as the anchor. The result of the unequal conditions under which the two arms pf the anchor engage the cogs of the escapement wheel Is naturally an acoustic difference in the sounds produced by the contact of the parts.. SIMPLY PERFECT IN THEORY Kitchen Management Left Nothing to Be Desired, Except the Prosaic Fact of Cooking. An experienced housewife, who has never taken any other course/in do mestic science than that afforded '6y wrestling many years with the prob lem of three meals a day, felt much Interested when her college-bred daugh ter told her that she was going to spend the week-end with a friend who was the last word In the highbrow world of the cooking specialist. "Mother, It was wonderful," ex claimed the girl on her return. "On one side of her white-tiled laboratory —she doesn't call it a kitchen—there is the dishwashing machine and on the other the long tables for the con structive work. The arrangements are perfect, and everything is clean and shining. I'm just crazy about It. Not a bit like our haphazard kitchen." "And I presume the food was equally wonderful," said the really sympathetic mother, ready to learn of the new generation. "Tell me about it." The returned visitor looked thought ful. "Well, you see, we didn't go very deep into cookery. She never does. We had dinner made in the fireless cook er, some sort of stew. And., the .rest of the stuff she gets at the delicates sen."—New York World. -j 'Robert Burns. Burns is the singer of songs as im mortal as love, pure as the dew of the morning, and sweet as Its breath songs with which the lover woos his bride and the( mother soothes her child, and the heart of a people beats with patriotic exultation .songs that cheer human endeavor and console hu man sorrow arid exalt human life. We cannot find out the secret of their pow er. Until we know why the rose Is sweet or the dew-drop pure, or the rainbow beautiful, we cannot know why the poet is the best benefactor of humanity. If we were forced to surrender every expression of human genius but one, surely we should re tain poetry and if we were called to lose from the vast accumulation of lit erature all but a score of books, among that choice and perfect reminder would be the songs of Burns.—George Wilson Curtis. a re in Back somewhere around 1830 was a man called M. Chabert, better known as "the fire king," and these are some of the things he did to prove himself Inhuman and a marvel in London. To begin with, he swallowed 40 grains of phosphorus, which is quite enough to kill two good-sized men, and after that he sipped oil at 330 degrees, and lived long enough to rub a red-hot fire shovel over his tongue, face and hair, and then lived some more, Some few years lat4r, on a challenge of $250, he repeated the feat, won the wager and threw In a few more like stunts for good measure. He swallow ed a piece of biirnlng/torch, for In stance, and then, costumed in coarse woolen, entered an oven at 380 de grees, sang a song and cooked two dish es of beefsteak. New Delicious Fruits. There have /been found In the Phil ippines two fruits entirely unknown to Europe and even to Amerlcfi. One of these is the durian,. which grows on a lofty tree somewhat resembling an elm, is about as large as a coconut has a shiny shell and contains a creamy tmlp which combines some of the flavors of delicious custard with those of fine cheese. American sol diers in the Philippines have dubbed the durinn the "vegetable limburger." The other rare fruit is the mangosteen, hut the exquisitely flavored liquid it contains has not yet been successfully preserved for shipping. vi»f ii«- Jt KM the •"N The right Way 18 t0 a 440 ^^aVe is' -W W.v,'.-J J^5(^5tV !Ti«- FOR SALE The following chattels will be sold at private treaty at the Christian Parsonage at reasonable prices: Tapestry rug 9x12 coal heating stove, Cole's high oven range, New Perfection two-burner kerosine stove with oven, kerosine heater, kitchen cabinet, washing machine, 3 kitchen chairs, Sanitary cot and matress, garden plow, FORD ROADRTER. Rev. L. M. Matson EXCHANGE STATE BANK EXiRA, IOWA- Established February 1889 Incorporated October 1918 „i 30 YEARS, of Continuous, Conservative and Successful Banking. 4 We Invite Your Patronage and Extend Our Helpful Service. Chas. Van Gorder, President Corn Stalks.No Longer, a By-Product No one ever raised an ear of corn without a stalk. It can be done. But many farmers may forget that they can sell the stalk to, by feeding it to cattle in the form of silage. ... Thats a by-product of your farm that should not be wasted. Turning hogs or cattle into the field af ter corn has been gathered, or storing it in shocks' ex posed tp the weather, doesn't give you full feeding value. Its a waste of money. ..-'.v.- n1 Holl°w Time to Order Your Silo is now. Ypa will have it without fail when the orop is leady. Many loet out last year by ordering late. Come in and talk this over with us. Fullerton Lumber Co. Pete Hansen, Manager LIST OF ADAMS COUNTY FARM a USt °f hsted at bedrock pnees, and good terms oan be made on most of the farms at a low rate of interest. a8ne ••,•.. t&Tm 8DapS ranging in 440 acres, ranging in price from $125,00 to $250.00. These farms are located in Adams and Taylor Counties fnM bolo°8 We have worked hard to list these farms and know they are had 25years C°U^ty- LVS furnish any information by correspondence, regard ive buyeZ™' pleasure :. Have done business in the County for over 46 years, and as to our reputation as business men would refer to the Okey-Vern on National Bank, Corning, Iowa non-residents and are experience in the land busi- .These farms are all well located. Will showing I I J? $' g«f. I v' Edwin Delahoyde, Vice President A. J. Leake, Cashier J.K. Vande Brake, Asst. Cashier -M. E. Leake, Asst. Cashier Mi JS It, hy\.,*r •m jUf s$r #r W*.'t 'W-t- ilf,' Block Silo and them to prospect- 5 MNN & LYNAM ®'ea* Este.te Men of Corning, Iowa. o. We have one 440 acre farm which we think is partic ularly, A SNAP. This farm is fine ridge land has been in the" present owners hands for over 50 years. Well improved-20 buildings on farm—well watered carries $70,000.00 on first mort gage for 10 years at 5| per cent. Priced at $235.00 per acre. jr A" MWf' ,--9 SWAPS acreage from 80 to sv fr I .U- W-K J.I •V J?