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Audubon County journal. (Exira, Iowa) 1884-1993, July 21, 1921, Image 2

Image and text provided by State Historical Society of Iowa

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87057934/1921-07-21/ed-1/seq-2/

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1
IN HOME AND STATE
Helpful Thoughts
All the residents of a town
are partners, and the more
business that can be secured
by united effort, the better
it is for all.
A Housecleaning for Erie
The women of Erie, Pennsyl
vania, have found a way to solve
one of the most difficult problems
that American voters have had to
meet in the past.
Their city has long been noted
for its vice. Prostitution, gam
bling, booze and graft have been
rife. The forces of vice and cor
ruption have been able to maintain
this condition by placing their
candidates on both tickefts, after
which nothing that the voters
could do would affect the results.
The women of the city did not
accept this situation as peaceably
as the men had done. They be
gan by inducing a man of high
ideals and motives to run for con
gress. Further than this, they
elected him. Then they started
an investigation of social condi
tions which resulted in the indict
ment of more than fifty keepers of
places of ili-repute as well aa an
indictment of the mayor of the
city for malfeasance in office.
The struggle is on in earnest at
present, but the women are win
ding and when they are through,
it seems certain that Erie will be a
better place in which to live and
bring up children than it has been
in the past.
The Wages of Women
The employment of women in
the industries and in public ser
vice is probably receiving more at
tention in all civilized countries
just now than ever before.
»".4: Two specific questions are in
volved. One is, Should they be
allowfed to perform the work of
men at a time when there is not
work enough to go around? The
other is, Should they be paid the
same wages men for the same
work?
In the government offices at
Washington, 36,000 women are
pi
employed but only 32,000 men.
However, when it comes ta sal
all in "'fa-
Varies, the comparison is all
vor of the men. Of 8,000 ap
pointments recently investigated,
only five per cent of those going to
women paid more than $1,300
-j ft while forty-six per cent of those
$v going to men paid more than this.
In the Women's Bureau of the La-
bor Department, the highest salary
'allowed is $2,000 while in the
Men's Bureau of the same depart
ment, the pay for similar work is
\m$3'600,
JX Why Women Earn Less
Ever since the middle of May a
•,
r-%At
committee of Congress has been
t.Sf'f investigating the matter of salaries
f-* to be paid to women employes in
the civil service.
In the course of the hearings, all
''kf I the time-worn arguments were ad
sfe vanced as to why women should
not be employed in the govern
•&i ment offices at all. However, they
did not seem convincing to the
.«committee, which held firmly to
the principle of an open door as
between the sexes in the govern
ment service.
There is a difference of opini
sin the committee as to whether
*3 men and women should receive the
same pay for the same work. At
present it appears probable that
the decision will be in the negative.
Perhaps the strongest reason
why women will not be paid the
samejwages as men is that they do
not as a rule continue to serve as
long, but marry and quit the work
within a few years. Marriage in
creases a man's inefficiency and
stability but it takes a woman out
of the work altogether.
O
*i,:
ISflllS
Problems, measnres'and
events of interest to her
as mother, home mak
er and citizen.
Zionism Strikes Rock
The world movement for the
restoration of the Holy Land has
received a violent set-back. What
appears to be an irreparable split
h^s taken place between the
American and European branches
of the Jewish organization which
is attempting to carry the enter
prise through.
In the world-wide organization
of Jewish leaders, there is an "In
ner Actions Council" consisting of
seven men, all European Jews, in
whom is vested the real control of
the undertaking. This council re
cently criticised the American fi
nancial committee because it had
failed to enlist the support of weal
thy American Jews. The com
mittee retorted that American
Jews were not willing to contribute
until America was represented in
the Inner Actions Council. This
precipitated a quarrel in which it
appeared that the Jewish leaders
of Europe are not disposed to al
low to those of America the repre
sentation they are asking. It
seems probable that America will
be cut off from all further partici-'
pation in the movement.,
Wisconsin Sets New Example
Wisconsin is the first state in the
Union to bestow upon women ab
solute legal equality with its men.
It is true that the women of all
the states are allowed to vote by
the nineteenth amendment. How
ever, this privilege ends in many
cases ,with the ballot box and
there have been no states until
this month which actually gave to
women all the legal rights and
privileges enjoyed by men. In
some, they were restricted as to
the holding and conveying of prop
erty, in others as to jury service
while in still others they were not
allowed to hold office, to enter in
to contracts, or to do certain other
things which men are permitted
to do.
Wisconsin has removed every
restriction of whatsoever kind. As
some members of the legislature
have put it, the women may even
"wear trousers and stand on the
street corners chewing tobacco" if
they wish to do so in the future.
'I'i- A Policewoman
Mrs. Mary Wright, wife of a
leading merchant Ir the town of
Neon, Kentucy, sought and ob
tained the office of policewoman,
and is the lone patrol of the streets
of the town, determined to restore
law and order.
Neon has been rated as a lawless
town. Women and children have
rarely been permitted on the streets
at night, and in many instances
the ^movies were unattended.
Grand juries made investigations
without results for no one dared
to testify against malefactors.
Through Mrs. Wright's efforts a
transformation has already taken
place. "Men won't do we have
tried them for years and things are
getting worse," Bhe said, "I saw
the necessity of stamping out the
whiskey traffic and other vices, and
applied for the job. I go on duty
as a policewoman with the sole
purpose of doing my duty and
making Neon one of the best
towns in Kentucky."
Mrs. Wright goes armed, and
she is a crack shot. She is an at
tractive womaB on the sunny side
of thirty. She tips the beam at
two hundred and twenty-five
pounds which a*lone disposes evil
doers to think twice before court
ing trouble.
Our Extravagance
According to statistics more
than $462,000,000 was spent for
candy in the year 1920, although
we were supposedly practicing
economy. The government col
lects $50,000,000 a year in taxes
1
r*
AC®UBON COUNW JOORHAk
on luxuries purchased mainly by
or for women.
The internal revenue
statistics show that women con
sumed about 20,000,000 cigarettes
in the United States during the
year 1920.
bureau
Hair nets worn by American wo
men are made by women and girls
in Shantung, China. These girl
workers receive on an average of
about fifteen cents a day.
In France 500,000 women either
live on interest from invested cap
ital or are active in agriculture.
Of the other women more than
one-half support themselves,
The American Association of To
kio has decided to admit women
as members on the same terms
with the men.
The Problems of
HOME AND FAMLY
A Talk with our Wives, Mothers,"
and Sisters
The Stages of Childhood
In the management and control
of children, we -shall do well, it
seems, to recognize three distinct
periods.
The first is that of early child
hood, which ends at about six.
During this period the parents'
will is supreme, subject only to
the injunction that the child's nat
ural instincts should not be need
lessly or thougktlessly transgressed.
The great achievement of this pe
riod is the formation by the child
of most of those personal habits
which are to
follQw
him through
life.
The second period of childhood
extends from about six to perhaps
twelve years of age. During this
time, the child, who is learning
moral values and coming into a
knowledge of right and wrong con
duct in his relations toward others,
has an actual right to know the
reasons for the demands and re
quirements that are laid upon him
by his parents. It is out of rea
soning of this sort at this particu
lar time in his life that the ideals
and standards which are to deter
mine his later conduct and charac
ter really come.
The third period of the child's
developing life extends rightly
through his "teens." This is the
time for him to learn to 'choose it
well with just as little external in
fluence or pressure as possible. He
is on the threshold of a larger life
in which every act is to be deter
mined by himself. He MUST be
given practice in this sort of thing
for in no other way pan it be
learned.
If parents would recognize and
be truly guided by the great re
quirements and aims of the three
periods named above, it is safe to
say that there would be fewer chil
dren failing to attain to the goal'of
useful manhood and womanhood
Farms for Children
The plan of giving the child ex
perience in his education in the
line of home-making is being tried
at Winnebago, Nebraska.
An acre of land near the school
has been* donated by a public
spirited citizen for the children to
use in making miniature.farms
and gardens. *'/£, "7 __
Each child, upon entering school
at six years of age, is assigned a
farm thirty-three feet square.
There are forty of these farms in
the acre of ground.
Maps are made and studied and
the deeds duly recorded.
Each pupil divides his farm into
nine equal divisions,—a yard,
barnyard, an oat field, wheat field,
alfalfa field, a meadow, an orchard,
acorn field and a garden. 3tlflH
The pupils study the soil and
test the seed. They sow, plant
and cultivate their farms just as
the grownups do.
During the winter, fences, gates,
hen-houses, barns and cottages are
planned and built in the manual
training classes.
S. Toledo Sherry, the author of
the plan was at the recent confer
ence of the National Educational
Association in its behalf. The plan
was originally used by Mr. and
Mrs. Sherry with the Indians of
the Pine Ridge reservation in
South Dakota. It has been em
ployed on several of the Indian
reservations and is being intro
duced into our own public schools.
Children love to imitate their
elders and, having a farm of their
own, which they can cultivate
themselves, gives them great pleas
ure. The teachers instruct them
but do not interfere with their
freedom in operating their farms.
Mr. and Mrs. Sherry believe that
this model farm plan teaches
children the value of a home and
how to make one, and the farms
serve as miniature experiment
stations.
Knowledge gained from experi
ence is more lasting and much
more interesting than that gained
from books alone, and it is of far
more working value. •,,,•«
Mr. Sherry thinks this way of
uniting manual training and indus
trial work furnishes the best kind
of education for the head, hand
and heart.
Housewife's Corner
A random record of helpful
suggestions for buar home
makers
Strawberry-Pineapple Conserves
Two quarts strawberries, hulled.
Two cups grated or diced pine
apple. /V
One-half cup water.
Four cups sugar.
Slowly cook the strawberries,
pineapple and water until most of
the water has evaporated, stir fre
quently. Add the sugar, stir well,
and cook until the conserve is
thick and syrupy. Pour into well
sterilized glasses. Cover with
melted paraffin when the conserve
is cold. Wrap in paper and store
in cool, dark place. This is de
licious.
Oranges Goad for Invalids
When a patient's mouth be
comes dry and parched during the
night, apiece of orange held in the
mouth from time to time will
quench thirst. The orange should
be cut into small pieces and put
within easy reach of the invalid.
It will be easier to handle than a
glass of water and is more re
freshing.
Don't Eat When Angry
Don't eat when you are angry.
Anger forms an active poison in
the system Drink a little orange
juice and water or a cup of hot tea
until you have recovered your nor
mal outlook on life. It will be a
happier world when men and wo
men understand all the evil effects
of anger on the human body.
To Clean Bed Springs
Dip an old dish mop into kero-"
sene, wring it out and work it in
around each small space of the
springs. It will save your hands
many a scratch, remove the dust
and at the same time prevent the
springs from rusting.
While eggs are cheap make a
quantity of noodles and dry them.
If packed into air-tight jars and
kept in a-dry place they will keep
for months and always be ready
Powdered whitening is fine for
cleaning windows. Make a thin
paste of whitening and water and
rub it over the glass. Wipe it off
with Bpjft cloth and polish,
(i,
*i\-
GEO. N. CORL
Res. Phone 194W
Exira, Iowa
Capital $35,000.00
unusual
If you want something
in the way of pastry, flavor your
custard pie with orange rind. An
addition would be to ser^ crushed
strawberries with it.
When filling a hot water Dottle for
one who has been taken ill sud
denly use a funnel and you will^not
scald your fingers.
^''X
A few thin slices of white "'soap
added to water before putting
flowers in it will keep them fresh
ndefinitely.
lar«e-
w&
Money Saved is Money Made!
Have you ever stopped to think of the thousands of people who
became frenzied during the boom days past and invested their
savings in some worthless stock scheme, or invested in land at
boom prices and now stand a good chance to lose all they invest
ed? Thousands of these investors regret that they did not leave
their savings in the bank even though the interest rate seemed
low. Had they done this they would have been ih comfortable
circumstances today
Incorporated by the State or Nation, regulated by the best bank
ing laws in the world and safeguarded by officers of intf grity and
experieece, your bank represents an unsurpassed institution for
safety.
1
We pay 4% interest on savings accounts, compounded semi-an
nually.
We pay 5% interest on twelve months time certificates.
First National Bank
EXCWNqE STATE BANK
EXIRA, IOWA
Thirty Years of Continuous, Conservative and Successful
Banking. We invite your patronage.
Chas. Van Gorder, President
\Edwin Delahoyde, Vice President
A. J. Leake, Cashier
.J. K. Vande Brake, Asst. Cashiert
Fullerton Lumber Co.
H. P. HANSEN, Manager
Dr. Carrie Brooks Wood
Dentist
Office Over First National Bank
Phone 11
i-
Lye for Peeling Peaches
What farm woman hasn't hoped
and prayed for the day when peel
ing peaches without stained fingers
would be a reality? The time has
6ome—instead of the paring knife,
use lye. The South Carolina Ex
periment Station has found this
method O. K. Here are the ad
vantages: 1. The fruit retains all
its flavor and firmness. 2. There
is nothing harmful in the finished
product. 3. The work is simple,
sanitary and economical. 4. A
bushel of peaches peeled with lye
will fill twenty-five quart cans—
six cans more than a bushel peeled
with a knife or machine. 5. Ripe
soft fruit can be peeled as readily
and as well as firm fruit. 6. Small
fruit can be peeled as readily as
To Set Color
VI
To set the color in new spring
Vf
mm
,4iV
•t
i-
1
3.
M. R. TERHUNE
Res. Phont 128
CORL & TERHUNE V*
EMBALMING AND FUNERAL DIRECTING
EXIRA Store Phone 10 IOWA
Member Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago
Surplus $7,0(0.00
Ji M. Carlson, Asst. Cashier
Let us Help You
If you are planning: on building a house
or a barn or any other structure this sea
son and are figuring on what the material
will cost yout come in and let us help you
figure it out. We are accustomed to that
sort of work and can tell you in a short
time just how much it will cost you. Even
if you're not going to build right away we
will be glad to make you an estimate on
your bill.
4
But don't wait until you want a big bill of
lumber we will be glad to have your or
ders for one or two or more pieces and
will always make the price just right.
Farm Loans I
Lowest rates. Complete
set of Abstract of Title to all
lands and town lots in And n
bon County.
CHARLES BAGLEY
The Old Reliable Greeley
Mutual Fire Insurance Ass'n
Organized 1888 Reorganized^ 1917
Wm. L. Clark, Agent, Hamlin.
Fred Wahlert, Sr., G. L. Artist, J. C.
libben, Nathaniel Benton, John Petri,
B. A. Railsback, Agents for Exira.
J. C. Tibben, President.
F. J. Thielen, Secretary.
Dr. L. J. OLDAKER,
Dentist./
V/
Over P. M. Christensen's store. ?s
Office Phone 39 Residence Phone 9
goods, soak in water in which Ep
som salts has been dissolved. One
tablespoon of salt|, to, each gallon
of water.
0

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