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Audubon County journal. (Exira, Iowa) 1884-1993, August 04, 1921, Image 7

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87057934/1921-08-04/ed-1/seq-7/

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5$?' r,"
If Left Undisturbed Bugs of Va
rious Kinds Will Destroy Best
Part of Garden.',
Tobacco Extract Is Recommended for
Plant Lice and Other Sucking Par
asites—Main Point la to
Start Fight Early.
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
Gardeners are warned by specialists
•f tbe United States Department of
Agriculture to prepare to combat tbe
"llttl© enemies of the garden." In
sects of various kinds are making their
appearance In vast numbers In gar
dens In all parts of the country, and If
left undisturbed will defeat the gar
dener's best efforts and lay waste the
[vegetable crops. This Is the open sea
son for Insects and there are no laws
which limit the number which may be
killed. The department specialists
urge the use of the spray pump and
dusting bag for the frequent applica
tion of poisons In order to destroy
the pests before they destroy the gar
den. Early efforts In fighting insects
•re most effective.
Little Bugs With Big Appetites.*
In most localities the Colorado or
"hard-shell" potato beetles are Indus
triously depositing clusters of small
^yellowish eggs on the underside of the
potato leaves. In a few days these
hatch Into little, red, soft-shelled slugs
or "soft-shells," as they are often
called, that have most wonderful ap
Vpetltles, and unless poisons are ap
plied they will soon 6trlp the potato
plants of their leaves.
Perhaps there Is no class of garden
Insects the method of attack of which
$ls so Insidious as that of the plant
lice or aphlds.
S At first a very few lice may be found
hidden on the under side of the leaves
of melons, peas, cabbage, and other
^vegetables. A little later the leaves be
-gln to curl up and to lose their color,
and an examination will show that
the "lice" which the ants carried out
have became grandmothers, and the
under side of the leaves will be lit
erally alive with them, feasting on the
Juices of the plants. At this stage
.{Something must be done quickly, for
rtrtthln a few days there will be
another generation or brood at work.
Arsenate of lead and parls green
have no effect upon this army of plant
blood suckers, and It Is necessary to
use contact poisons. A preparation
must be used that will not Injure the
Insects Do Not Thrive In Thia Garden,
but the Crops Do.
plants but which will kill the "lice."
The most common of these contact
poisons Is nicotine sulphate—a tobac
co extract—made of tobacco refuse
from factories. This Is a poison and,
to be effective In killing the "lice"
without Injuring the plants, must be
used exactly aecordlng' to the direc
tions given on the container. United
States Department of Agriculture
Farmers' Bulletin 856, on the control
of gal-den diseases and Insects, has
.the following to say regarding the use
of nicotine sulphate:
I "For small garden plats one tea
spoonful of nicotine sulphate should
be used to one gallon of water, to
which a one-Inch cube of hard soap
should be added and thoroughly mixed,
jlf a larger quantity is desired, use one
fluid ounce to eight gallons of water,
with the addition of one-half pound of
poap. Full directions are given on the
^covers of packages, and Instructions
'accompany them.
Effective Application of Spray.'
"In the use of nicotine sulphate the
[effective application of the spray Is of
the utmost importance, since It Is pri
marily upon this that the success or
jfollure of the treatment depends. If
the liquid has stood for any length of
time it should be agitated thoroughly
before use. The Insects themselves
must receive a thorough coat of the
spray or they will not be killed, and
Immediate Inspection after spraying
should show the foliage occupied by
the insects to be completely wet.
"Spraying should be done as early
as .possible, always on the first appear
ance of the Insect, not only because
It Is good practice to keep the plants
free from pests but because more thor
ough work can be done on small plants."
The main point Is to start the fight
In time and kill the advance scouts
and head off the main army of Insect
Advantages of Crop Have Been
Known for Years.
It Is Not as Popular In Northern
States as Common Variety^ Which
III Is Hardier and Has Become
Established as Forage.
(Prepared by the United Statee Depart
ment ot Agriculture.)
Due largely to the Intermediary ef
forts of the United States Department
of Agriculture, 2,400 acres of purple
vetch ,1s imported as being grown this
year for seed In northwestern Califor
nia for use In the orchards of the
southern part of the state, where It
has proven a superior green-manure
crop. The superiority of purple vetch
In California fofr green manure lies la
the fact that it makes more growth
during the wl&ter months and can be
turned under earlier than other legume
Purple vetch was first brought to
this country from Italy In 1899 and Its
advantages have been appreciated for
A Field of Purple Vetch.
a number of years, but It was not pos
sible to introduce It extensively be
cause of scarcity of seed. In the re
gion where it was most valuable It has
not been feasible to raise purple vetch
in large quantities because of climatic
conditions. In the North, on the
other hand, the seed can be grown suc
cessfully, but there the purple vetch
Is not in as great favor for forage
as common vetch, which is hardier and
has become established in popularity.
To make a bridge between the two
geographically distant localities has
been the work of a number of years
da the part of the department experts.
It was first necessary to demonstrate
the value of purple vetch In the
South, and afterwards to Induce north
ern farmers to substitute It to Bome
extent for their customary crops. This
latter was difficult, because purple
vetch was not quoted In the market,
and also because, where a sale was ef
fected, farmers were tempted to sell
their entire stock, reserviing no seed
to maintain or extend the acreage.
The assistance of a large California
fruit growers' association was .enlisted,
and last year 500 acres were grown
under guarantee, a large portion of
the yield being kept for seed. This
year northwestern California and Ore
gon farmers will receive 14% cents a
pound for purple vetch seed, which
should give them from $150 to $200
per acre In addition to the straw. From
now on it is expected sufficient seed
will be available for all needs.
Experiments Conducted by Department
of Agriculture Show Birds Spoil
Le«a Quickly.
Poultrymen still discuss the rela
tlve merits of drawn and undrawn
poultry. Practice varies in different
communities. Opening the body un
doubtedly exposes the Internal surface
to the air which always contains ml
cro-organlsms, and thus may hasten
decomposition but It should be re
membered also that the viscera decom
pose more rapidly than other parts of
the body, and If left they may taint
or infect the rest of the bird.
In elaborate experiments with
drawn, partly drawn, and undrawn
poultry, conducted by the United
States Department of Agriculture, It
was found that undrawn birds spoil
least quickly, and partly drawn ones
less quickly than the fully drawn (Mies
from which, not only the viscera, but
also the heads and feet, have been re
Southern Farmer Demonstrates How
Log Building Can Be Made Secure
Againet Insects.
The county agent of Taylor county,
Fla., reports that one farmer in his
community has worked out a way by
which a log corn crib can be made
practically air-tight to guard the corn
against weevils. This farmer put
three or four Inches of dirt on the
floor and covered it with another floor.
The walls were covered with rough
lumber, and the cracks outside were
filled with clay. The door facings
were padded with cloth and the door
made of two layers of cypress lumber,
with a piece of paper roofing between.
This arrangement cost about $10, in
addition to the farmer's labor. Others
in tills neighborhood aje building
cribs in the same way.
Western Canada Farmers Re
joice Over Bountiful Harvest
Favorable Weather and Fertile Land
Combine to Pour Riches Into the
Hands of Agriculturists.
There are those in nearly every state
In the Unl6n who have relatives or
friends, or someone they have known,
who are residents of some of the
provinces of Western Canada. They
have gone there to carry on the pro
fession and occupation of farming.
Their progress has been carefully
watched and such news as may come
from them or the country that they
have taken partial possession of will
be read w.lth Interest. Important news
Just now Is the condition of the crops.
Newspaper correspondents and govern
ment representatives are now in a posi
tion, after making a careful survey of
conditions, to announce that the crop
conditions In Manitoba, Saskatchewan
and Alberta carry the promise of an
early and bountiful harvest and farm
ers view the outlook with utmost
pleasure. Good growing weather has
prevailed since seeding and all cereal
crops are well advanced. Wheat
headed out has long, heavy heads, and
big yields are Indicated predictions
are being made that the record pro
duction per acre In 1915 will be ex
ceeded. Harvesting began In some
sections In the early part of August
An Interesting feature of the situation
is the fact that there are no bad re
ports from any part of the country
from the Bed river to the Rocky moun
tains and from the International
boundary to Peace river. There will
also be good fruit, vegetable and root
Most remarkable has been the germi
nation of most of the pain.- Marquis
wheat sown on May 11 was fully
headed out on June 80.
Considerable advancement has taken
place In the last few years In the
growing of corn. Sunflowers are also
being grown quite extensively. Both
these do wonderfully well. On July 4
the writer was shown a twenty-acre
field of corn that had reached a height
of upwards of five feet, while a live
acre field of sunflowers close by, was
entering for a keen race skyward. Both
will doubtless be used for ensilage, to
which will be added a splendid crop
of alfalfa or sweet clover, which also
have proved very successful. Now
that corn, sunflowers, sweet clover and
alfalfa have taken a liking to the coun
try, it will mean a period of recon
struction In many farming districts,
and mixed farming will supersede (he
period of "grain mining" that, no mat
ter how fertile the soil, no matter how
generous It may be In giving forth
from Its great storehouse of all the
properties that have given to Western
Canada Its well-earned name of the
wheat granary of the world, too much
may be asked of it the departure from
this Into the sphere of more Intensive
farming, covering many generalities
not before Indulged in, will add dol
lars per acre to the value of this pro
ductive land. Those who have
watched the progress of Western Can
ada, have been looking for the day
when corn and such like can be grown
successfully. It has now arrived.
The cattle and dairy Industry will
be given an Impulse that will attract
those who have been wedded to this
kind of farm life, while none of the
interest that may be taken by the grain
grower will be lessened. Already there
Is an Influence following the fact that
corn and sunflowers can be grown,
that Is leading to the erection of silos
In many-parts of the country, all In'
dlcatlng a growing satisfaction as to
the preat future that lies before It
Due clilefiy to the drop In costs of
materials '^nd wages, farmers through
out-the prairie provinces are erecting
many buildings this year, says the edl
tor and manager of the Prairie Lum
berman, who was a visitor to Van
couver a few days ago. A campaign
Is under way among the retail lumber
men and farmers, urging the erection
of 2,000 silos this year, and this Is
meeting with success, more plans and
specifications having been prepared
and more structures being under way
problably than at any other time In
the history of thq West—Advertise
Protection Against Radium.
A physician using radium has to in
sulate himself thoroughly from Its ef
fects. Dr. Belcherc of the French
Academy of Medicine says they must
wear gloves lined with lead, and spec
tacles containing lead salt they must
handle the radium salts with pincers
and sit at the table lined with lead. He
Is perfecting a }ead protector for the
heart and lungs, but advises operators
to wrap themselves In thin lead sheet*
Jud Tunklns.
Jud Tunklns says nature puts
enough scales on a fish to give It more
of a bathing suit than some human
beings wear.
From Missouri.
"What In tbe world are you kick
ing about
asked the red-headed land­
lady. "When I took my room you
told me there was a single hair mat
tress on the bed," said the thin board
er. "So I did." "Well, will you please
come up to my room and show me the
single hair?"
Knows Lot
"So your son Is home from college?"
"Yep." "Has he learned much?" "He
certainly has. More than his mother
and I have picked up In a lifetime."
Modern Machinery for Planting and
Cultivating Roots Makes Work
Less Laborious.
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
With the development of the silo
many dairy cow owners have ove
looked the value of roots as a succu
lent feed for cattle. Mangel-wurzel,
beets, carrots, and turnips are the prin
cipal roots grown for this purpose.
They are particularly adapted to the
cooler and more moist portions of the
country. The principal drawback to
their use Is the labor of growing, har
vesting and storing them. On the
other hand, say specialists of the Uni
ted States Department of Agriculture,
foot crops have a distinct advantage
for small dairies, as It Is generally ac
cepted that a silo will not prove eco
nomical where less than six animals
are being fed. Roots may be stored
in a proper cellar, or buried tn the
ground, and can be taken out In any
desired quantity without Injury to the
A surprising amount of roots can
be produced on a small acreage. A
yield of 25 tons per acre of mangel
wurzels Is nothing unusual, while In
England, where roots are used almost
entirely to supply succulent food, the
yield per acre Is Increased still further
by Intensive farming.
Other kinds of beets, and also tur
nips and carrots, may be used. Tur
nips, however, should be fed after
milking rather than before, as they
give a bad flavor te the product. Yel
low carrots Impart a desirable color
to the milk. For feeding purposes the
mangels will probably be found the
most practical beet Among carrots,
the Long Orange Is recommended be
cause of its large size and heavy yield.
It forms a long, thick root, and Is very
easily grown. The White Vosges or
Belgian Is grown exclusively for stock,
and Is an even heavier ylelder. The
rutabaga Is recommended as a good
turnip. The same soils and methods
of cultivating are adapted to all three
kinds of roots.
The soil should be well enriched, and
should be one that warms up quickly
In the spring. Most growers regard
sandy loam as best adapted to the cul
ture of root crops, this being partic
ularly true of the early spring crop.
An Acre or Two of Roots Will Feed a
Small Dairy Herd.
For later crops heavy soils can be em
ployed, and muck soils are widely used
for the midsummer and fall crops.
Land that Is In good physical condi
tion as the result of early and proper
handling, well supplied with available
plant food and rlclf In organic matter,'
Is essential to best results. Appli
atlons of stable manure at the rate
of 20 to 30 tons per acre are advis
able, and this may profitably be sup
plemented ty the use of commercial
fertilizer containing at least 2 per
cent nitrogen, 8 per cent phosphoric
add, and 4 per cent potash.
The seed is sown In rows at least
30 Inches apart If horse cultivation Is
practiced, but under hand cultivation
they need not be more than 15 to 18
Inches. Ordinarily about, 6 pounds
of beet seed per acre is required. Seed
is ordinarily covered to a depth of
to 1 inch. As beet seed Is rather
slow In germination, the practice of
sowing some qulck-sproutlng seed
along with It Is sometimes followed.
These plants serve as markers for the
rows before the beets are up, so that
cultivation may be begun before the
beets show above the ground. Badishes
are frequently used for this purpose.
Beet seeds come in clusters, and It
Is Inevitable that thinning by hand
will be required.
Roots Intended for winter storage
are allowed to stand In the field until
Just before heavy autumn frosts oc
cur, when they are pulled and stored
In pits or cellars, requiring much the
same treatment as potatoes and sim
ilar root crops.
From 20 to 35 pounds of sliced or
pulped roots, with a proper grain ra
tion and dry foliage, is a day's ration
for an ordinary dairy cow. Thus It
will be seen that 2ft tons will carry
a cow through the usual five-months'
winter feeding period. An acre or twd
of beets, carrots and turnips should be
enough to supply any herd which Is
not large' enough to make a silo profit
able. With the development of the
sugar-beet industry many implements
and methods of culture have been de
vised which reduce the labor required
to grow root crops.
A Lady of Distinction
Is recognized by the delicate fascinat
ing influence of the perfume she uses.
A bath with Cutlcura Soap and hot
water to thoroughly cleanse the pores,
followed by a dusting with Cutlcura
Talcum powder usually means a clear,
sweet, healthy skin.
San Francisco DOCKS.
San Francisco has dock facilities
sufficient for the accommodation at
one time of 250 vessels of average
Important te Mothers
Examine carefully every bottle of
CASTORIA, that famous old remedy
for Infants and children, and see that it
Bears the
Signature of
In Use for Over 30 Years.
Children Cry for Fletcher's Castoria
Daily Thought.
Bui suence never shows Itself to so
great an advantage as when It Is- made
the reply to calumny and defamation,
provided that we give no Just occasion
for them.—Addison.
Do you know
you can roll
cigarettes for
lOcts from
one bag of
Is Your Deposit
Why take chances? In case of
failure, where do you stand?
Deposits in South Dakota State
Bulks guaranteed by State Law.
Send us a deposit, a certificate
due in 6 or 12 months drawing 5%
forwarded to you by return mail.
Mellette Couty State Bank
White River, South Dakota
"Deposits Guaranteed'*
Old Joe Had Tried "Electricity" and
Found It Was No Cure for
Old Joe Carter had suffered from
rheumatism until, be declared, he had
"no patience with It," but h» was al
ways eager to hear of possible reme
dies, and when his sister in Mobile
wrote that she knew of a cure that
had been tried with great success, and
would tell all about It on her next
visit, old Joe was all excitement.
"Now, Mary!" he exclaimed to his
sister, eagerly, a few minutes after
she had reached the house, "you-all
tell me 'bout dat cure for rheumatism 1
I was so anxious I could hardly wait
fo' yo' to git heahi"
"Well, Joe," began the sister, "it's
electricity and—"
Before she could continue Old Joe
"De Idea, Mary, of yo' comln' heah
suggestln' dat to me! Don't you-all
remember' dat only last summer I was
strucked by lightning, and It didn't
do me no good?" Philadelphia
Br thing the
Direction* In 16 Xmsnagei 1 every box.
Beta, Mloe, Oookro»cfie«. Ants and Wateitaft
deitror foodand property and are carriers of ilHeeeet
Stearns' BlaotHo Faate foicea tbeae peata te ra
be building for water and freah air.
86cand IU0. "Money back ltltfaUa."
V. 8. Government trays It.
Acid Stomach
for 10 Years
Earnestly Praises Eatonlo
"My wife was a great sufferer from
acid stoma'ch for 10 years," writes H.
D. Crlppen, "but Is a different woman
since taking Eatonlc."
Sufferers from acid stomach—let
Eatonlc help you also. It quickly takes
up and carries out the excess acidity
and gases and makes the stomach cool
and comfortable. You digest easily,-^
get the full strength from your food,
feel well and strong, free from bloat
ing, belching, food repeating, etc. Big
box costs costs only a trifle with your
druggist's guarantee.
Ketone Color aad
Beuty to Cray and Faded Hah
m. and 1.00 at Diaiilila
[Hlaeo* Chen.
Wka. Fatcfaoyn^p.T.
looses. ete* atone all rein, enraree eoMtartti
feet, walking eanr. Ma. by nail or at I
I Onrae, CU
BImox Chemical Werka, Fatohocae.il.
Watson B. Coleman,
Patent Lawyer,
AdTiee and book free.
Bate* reasonable. Highest relerenees. Bcataerrloa»
SALE Well located, established, pay In*
shop about $4,000 stock, toolB, etc. Discount
for all oash. Ernest Wykes. Humboldt, la.
CLA-IXHD SOAP, a specialty soap for spe
cialty salesmen. we want county agents. A
good living for anyone who will work. Cla
Lold Mfg. Co., 602 7th St., Dee Moines, la.
Southern Minnesota Stock, Grain and Dairy
Farm, including stock, machinery and crops
small cash payment good terms commission
to agents leaving country, reason for selling.
cure booklet, "MINERAL SALT TREAT
Mental butterflyirig at 2 a. tn.
A great indoor sport for
thoughtless people
One of the
surest ways
to become physically in
capable of doing your best
work is to get only snat
ches of sleep—broken by
disturbing dreams.
If your sleep is being
disturbed by drinking
4, tea or coffee, you may be
sowing the seeds of a
nervous breakdown.
Do not wait until your
nerves are affected by the*
drugs, thein and caffeine,
in tea or coffee. Protect
your strength, vitalityand
Have sound, restful
sleep, and wake refreshed
and fit for any task.
Postum, the delicious
cereal beverage, with its
golden-brown richness
and coffee-like taste, will
HO acrea, located In Glenn Co., Calif.,
two miles to town and school on land. All
ot tract In cultivation. Soil la silt loam
with alfalfa, barley and wheat main crops.
Family orchard. Irrigation, well, 3,000 sal.
per minute. Improvements consist or 12
room house, bath, tenant house, two large
barns, bunk house, ts.sk houses, granaries
and all buildings necessary. State high
way runs through place. Fenced with
wire and wood. Price is $260 per acre with,
possession Oct. 1st. For further informa
tion write or see
Boy's Rejoinder to Puzzled Tourist
Responsible for Distinction En
Joyed by Kentucky Hamlet.
"A village In my state," says a Ken
tucky representative, "had for many
years the unique distinction of pos
sessing two names. It received the
second but more popular name In this
"A stranger who had lost, or thought
he had lost, his way, found himself
at a point on the turnpike where two
ramshackle cottages, a blacksmith
and an incognito postofflce stood. The
only human being In sight was the
traditional barefooted boy.
"'Boy,' said the stranger, 'can you
tell me how far It Is to Orangeburg?"
'Mister,' 6ald the youngster, with
admirable sententiousness, 'you're
plum sock In It.'
"And Plum Sock It became and re
The poor man never troubles him
self about the troubles of a mil
let Nature restore your
coffee-irritated nerves,
and bring you sound, re
freshing sleep.
Postum is wholesome
and acts in a normal way.
It possesses the advan
tages of a hot drink, with
out the ill effects of tea
or coffee.
Drink Postum for a
week or two. See what
a difference it will make
in you!
"There's a Reason."
Postum comas in two
forms: Instant Postum (in tins)
mad* instantly in the cup by
the addition of boiling water.
Postum Cereal (in packages of
larger bulk, for those who pre
fer to make the drink while the
meal is being prepared) made
by boiling for 20 minutes.
At all grocers.

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