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Audubon County journal. (Exira, Iowa) 1884-1993, September 29, 1921, Image 6

Image and text provided by State Historical Society of Iowa

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87057934/1921-09-29/ed-1/seq-6/

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Not so this caravan. It was traveling In com
fort and at speed. It knew just where it was go
ing. It was scheduled for kindly attentions along
the way and a warm welcome. Its land was se
cured. There was water for irrigation. Houses
and warehouses were ready. Everything down to
the last detail had been arranged. Failure was
unthinkable. Success seemed assured.
Shades of Kit Carson, Marcus Whitman and
Brigham Young! What a contrast the Lincoln
highway of 1921 to the Santa Fe trail of the
Thirties, the Oregon trail of the Forties, the Mor
nion trail of the Fifties, the "Pike's Peak or Bust"
of the Sixties!
The figures of the census of 1920 show that the -f
trend of the population from the country to the
lty has become greatly accentuated since 1910.
Now, for the first time In the country's history, |g
more than half the entire population Is living in
"urban territory." That is to say that of the popu- l|J
lution of 105,083,108 persons 51.9 per cent are liv
iug In cities and 48.1 per cent in rural communities.
In the census of 1910 the corresponding percent
*MS .«ges were 46.3 and 53.7.
Tills Is a condition that is regarded as neither
^desirable nor entirely safe. Therefore many are||
^'the projects to get city dwellers back to the soil.
Back to the soil! An American slogan for Amer- gg
-leans! Yet the country does not extend a generalgj
invitation to all comers. It is not ready to support
septan indefinite number of miscellaneous applicants,
..^Mother Nature is very far from being the benevo-||
".' lent old soul she is pictured by the flctlonists whop
write farm prospectuses. She does not give her|S|
"'r/'bounties for nothing. She demands full payment.
"'And she exacts full penalty for mistakes. |j
It is the surest kind of a sure thing that thegg
country home that pays its own way means hardjg
work for somebody. There will be blisters, back-gg
'7* aches and sore muscles that will have to be workedp
from soreness Into strength. Ere the billowing||
delights his eye, the city man will under-|jj
i*" stand why providence or nature or evolution pro|$
vided him with eyebrows. KgS' If
Moreover, there Is a slowness and "a deliberation
in nature's ways and methods that to the city man,
?y- t'. used to doing things upon the Instant, will be little
less than maddening,
S7/OTOJ BY V/yPERMyOD
2r///YO&?M/OOD
ACK to the soli! Idaho or bust
Well, anyway, Chicago woke up
the other morning to stare at a
scene a bit out of the ordinary
on the grounds of the Chicago
Motor club at Sixtieth street and
Cottage Grove avenue, within a
stone's throw of the Midway of
World's fair fame. First im
pressions recorded several big
automobiles of varied vintages
und makes, a score or more of "bungalow trailers,"
men and women in khaki, children of all ages,
family washing flapping on lines, fires going, the ,.j
smell of bacon and coffee, family breakfast groups,
and a big sign that set forth that the Chicago
Motor club was entertaining "Gen." W. D. Scott's
modern caravan, en route from Brooklyn, N. Y.,
to Buhl, Idaho.
"Times change and we with them," sagely re
marked an ancient philosopher. They do, indeed,
though probably we change less than do the times,
Tor Chicago, young as it is—it was not Incor
porated as a city until 1837—has seen many a
caravan headed west in the old days. But they
were caravans of "prairie schooners," drawn by
oxen or mules. And the men and women were go
ing forth to face the unknown, fight Indians, turn
up the prairie sod, contend with grasshoppers and
drought and put up a fifty-fifty battle with fate
for a home and a living.
||g
It ill useless to rage against
the ordered processes they cannot be hurried.
~4) The city man must learn to wait for seed time
and harvest and to possess his soul In patience,
So it Is evident that there is a balance to be
struck. The city i^ one thing the country Is an
other. The city cannot be transplanted In the
country. And no one can strike this balance for
the would-be
back-tothe-lander
"|t ''"f- Sor himself.
V*V "In striking this balance, however, there Is more
to be taken Into account than the dollars. There
J'V,
are the
he must do it
beauties of nature. There is pure air,
I undeflled by smoke and soot place in the suu,
I with no skyscrapers overhead to shut out the blue
tky and the stars and the moon honest thirst
that makes nectar of the gods out of water from
i-i the well and buttermilk from the spring-hOuse
an appetite that would put a soul under the ribs
of Death sleep the like of which no city man ever
knows.
From many viewpoints farming is the highest
and best- of callings. Farming is an honest busi
ness. The farmer Is useless consumer, no para
site. He is a producer he contributes directly
to the wealth of tie nation. He Is independent
and is beholden to .jio man for place or favor. He
does not climb up by dragging others down. Land
is the fLjndamenta. natural resource from which
the nntlon draws Its life. And the farmer is the
bulwark ol' the country.
Yes back-to-the-land is the right thing for the
right man. H?, will find independence—menta!,
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Then Mr. Scott wrote to commercial clubs and
state and county officials in different parts of the
West. Gov. David W. Davis of Idaho responded
promptly with a definite offer. Mr. Scott went to
Idaho and made a study of land in Twin Falls
county, along the Snake river. Here's the way
Mr. Scott tells it:
"That settled it. When I saw that lanfl I knew
it was just the place I was looking for, and I im
mediately took an option on 5,120 acres. The land
was offered to me at the uniform price of $125 an
acre, with water rights, $25 an acre to be paid
down at purchase and the balance within ten years
at 6 per cent interest.
"This whole land project is supervised by the
state. It is financed by the Idaho Farm Develop
ment company, the president of which is E. T.
Meredith, who was President Wilson's secretary
of agriculture and who is a practical farmer and
the proprietor of an agricultural newspaper in
Des Moines, la. Mr. Meredith and his associates,
Incorporating under the Cary act, spent .$025,000
,i developing these tracts. The waters of three trib
utaries of the Snake river, draining the watershed
of the Jarbidge mountains, 47 miles southwe
ward from our colony, were dammed and im
pounded in the Cedar Creek reservoir. Thence a
steel flume leads the water down through the
canyon of the Little Salmon river, irrigating the
lands which we have taken up for our future
homes and ranches. We have, in all, an urea of
t, about three miles by six.
j- "This irrigation enterprise immediately made
marvelously fertile many thousands of acres which
theretofore had been merely a sagebrush prairie.
7 The area had been used only as cattle range and
was one of the most sparsely settled districts in the
state. With irrigation, there isn't a better country
for growing alfalfa, onions aid the famous Idaho
potatoes. On farms in the same neighborhood and
enjoying like advantages to ours there have been
grown world record crops of alfalfa, wheat to the
tune of 92 bushel to the acre, and potatoes rating
as high as 042 bushels to the acre.
"Buhl, our nearest railroad town, Is about 12
miles from the most distant ranches of our colony.
It is a lively town only nine years old, but with
about 7,000 population. A fine road, which is more
than 50 miles long and which runs directly through
our tract, connects Buhl with the new mining town
of Jarbidge. Out of the Jarbidge mountains the
Guggenheim interests have taken more gold than
all the yellow metal yielded by Alaska. The town
of Jarbidge is the natural center of that rich coun
try, and our colony will be Its nearest source of
supply, with a good road running straight into it."
Mr. Scott returned to Brooklyn bubbling over
with enthusiasm. His enthusiasm was infectious.
He was besieged with applications for member
ship. But the 5,120 acres will make only 128
tracts of 40 acres each. So a weedlng-out process
was begun. Every prospective member was put
through the third degree. The rule was laid down
that every accepted member must be "100 per cent
American" must have at least $3,000 in cash
must be able to take care of himself and family
until the first crops are marketed. Even then the
128 members of the colony were quickly secured.
In the meantime, the Idaho people, who had evi
dently taken a shine to the Brooklyn people, were
doing their part. Governor Davis visited Brook
lyn and addressed a meeting of the colonists. The
Buhl chamber of commerce sent Ben H. Bushman,
one of its leaders und secretary of the Itotary club,
with offers of service from the chamber and the
club. So the deal went through without a hitch
Tf
MSSS
Att JCorr
moral and financial. He will find a real home.
And old Mother Nature will likely throw in health,
strength and happiness for good measure.
One of the photographs reproduced herewith
shows ltoyal N. Allen of the Chicago Motor club
welcoming William D. Scott, leader of the cara
van. Mr. Scott used to live in Minneapolis. Then
he went to Boston. Later he became a successful
sales manager in Brooklyn, with a home at 230
Decatur street. He is a middle-aged man, with a
wife and two children. During the war he made
a reputation as a "four-minute man." He had
made up his mind to drive to the West this sum
mer, buy a ranch, hang up his hat and grow up
with the country. Several of his neighbors grew
interested and asked to go along. And that's how
the colony idea started.
i*»r "-. ,«t l&fZ
AUDUBON C.OUNTY JOURNAL
Mi aFJzaps?—*
llsiii
and the start was made from Brooklyn on July 28.
The only semblance of trouble was over the se- I Why Method of Bringing
lection of those to form the first caravan. Of
course, there was disappointment on the part of
those who had to wait. But there were reasons
why all could not go. The principal one is that it
is impossible to clear the sagebrush off all of the
5,120 acres all at once and prepare the land for
cultivation. Also, some members require time to
close out their business interests to advantage.
Probably the second caravan will not set out till
next summer. Of the colonists as. a whole Mr.
Scott says this:
"Of the 400 or more in our colony about 60 per
cent are Brooklynites. Approximately 25 per cent
now live in other boroughs of New York city
about 10 per cent hail from New Jersey or New
England, while the remaining five per cent come
from scattered localities, some of them in the
South. About 10 per cent of the wjiole number
of these pioneers are former residents of the West,
but not more than 15 per cent of, them have had
any practical experience at farming either in the
East or in the West,
"Nobody is borrowing trouble because of lack
of experience, however. Idaho is by no means
shortsighted to the advantages the success of so
widely advertised an enterprise holds out. Experts
from the Idaho Agricultural college are to provide
supervision and skilled labor for the first year.
We are told that if we work in harmony with these
experts, obeying their directions, they will guaran
tee results. The Idaho authorities predict that we
can pay out by the end of the third year on the
proceeds of alfalfa, onion seed and potato crops.
As further .evidence that Idaho waits for us
with welcoming arms outstretched, a construction
company already is at work erecting permanent
bungalow homes for many of our party, to be
available directly on our arrival. And there is
being built a warehouse in which may be stored
such household effects pending their occupancy
of their new domiciles as the colonists may elect
to forward to Idaho Instead of consigning to the
auction man before they shake the dust of Brook
lyn from their feet. Probably there will be not less
than 30 carloads of freight, chiefly household ef
fects. to be forwarded by rail."
Some people would doubtless think that an auto
mobile journey of 2,500 miles was quite a trip un
der the circumstances and that the railroad could
do the job not only faster but easier. The colon
ists have figured that all out. Says Mr. Scott:
"In the first place, railroad transportation rates
are awfully high we travel much more cheaply
this way. Besides, a motor car is an essential on
an Idaho ranch why not kill two birds with one
stone? We've got a pretty complete caravan
we're traveling pretty comfortably. Speeding is
not permitted, the Idea being to maintain a steady
pace of about 12 miles an hour on an average, the
caravan touring only during the day and pitching
its bivouac each night. In addition to the passen
ger cars and the bungalow trailers, there are
three three-ton service trucks, nn administration
car, a traveling postoffice and a quartermaster's
car and a pair of extra trucks whose duty it will
be to run ahead of the caravan during the nights
to keep it properly supplied with provisions and
equipment.
"And finally, the tour itself appeals to us senti
mentally. We're seeing the country to advantage
and we're going to have the delight of going
through Yellowstone National park."
The caravan reached Chicago by way of Albany,
Buffalo and Niagara Falls, Cleveland and Toledo.
It started west from Chicago over the Lincoln high
way. It will follow the Way to Cheyenne, Wyo.,
where great doings were scheduled—broncho
busting, a barbecue and a regular "Out-where-the
West-beglns" celebration.
I
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Boston Globe.
...\ ,rrc,,\... y.T^v^.y^v.
After Every Meal
WRtGlIYS
Sealed Ti£ft A Kept Right
I III 5 |t| i• in ui pTwrrn»
Still 5c
WRIGLEY'S has steadily
kept to the pre-war price.
And to the same hifih stand
ard of quality.
No other goody lasts so
long-costs so little or does
so much for you.
Handy to carry—beneficial
in effect—full of flavor—a
solace and comfort for
young and old.
THE FLAVOR
WATER FROM ARTESIAN WELL
It to Sur­
face Is Only Successful in Cer
tain Localities.
Artesian wells are possible only in
certain localities. When there are
pervious strata lying between im
pervious beds the water percolating
through will be imprisoned lying up
on the lowest, and rising to some
point in the highest, when a previous
stratum brings it to the surface and
it escapes in the form of spring. If,
however, a shaft can be sunk to the
low.est point, the water of the whole
basin will pass upward for escape
and will rise to a level corresponding
to the greatest height to which the
imprisoned strata reaches. The wells
were named from one at Artois,
France, which was the first sunk with
full knowledge of the principle in
volved The Chinese from time im
n.emorial have used these wells, and
they have also been used for cen
turies in the neighborhood of Vienna.
The artesian well at Grenoble, near
Paris, throws water to a height of 32
feet above the surface at the rate of
more than 500 gallons a minute.—
And Attractive.
"What is meant by a 'national fig
ure,' pa?"
"A dollar mark, my son."
It Is a wise proverb that can't be
effectually lamed by another one.
•-im
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WMjjfe:
REALLY NOTHING TO MENTION
Outside of a Few Little Pleasantries,
Campaign in Chiggersville Was
a Quiet Affair.
"Was the last municipal campaign
in Chiggersville a lively one?"
"No," said Squire Wltlierbee. "I
can's say it was as lively as some
political fights we've had there in th'
old town."
"The candidates didn't indulge in
personalities?"
"None to speak of. The Hon. Jasper
Suggs, who was a candidate for mayor,
called the Hon. Cicero Fllliklns, who
was th' rival candidate, a pillager of
widows an' orphans, a white-livered
skunk an' a flop-eared hound, an*
Filllkins/ told the voters that Suggs
was a wolf in sheep's clothing, an' a
gin-soaked, booze-guzzling political
turncoat, but outside of a few little
as an ha It as on
the quietest campaigns we ever had
in Chiggersville."—Birmingham Age
Herald.
Do you know what constitutes
a strong constitution
Imperturbable Official.
"Is this the detective bureau?" asked
the disheveled strapger.
"It Is," replied a corpulent man In
uniform who was seated at a desk and
writing in a large ledger.
"I'm lost."
"You are, eh?" replied the corpulent
man, as he continued writing. "Well,
if you can prove that anybody's miss
ing you we'll take up the case."—Bir
mingham Age-Herald.
To have sound, healthy nerves, completely under:
control, digestive organs that are capable of absorbing&
a hearty nleal, means you have a strong constitution!
Your general attitude is one of optimism and energy. &
a it a is os it on re at a of
indigestion, and a languid depression, indicate your
Bystem is not in correct working order.
.jSjfj!
Probably you are not eating the proper food..
Probably the nutritious elements are not beinzf^i
supplied to your system in the proper way.
Grape-Nuts is the wholesome, delicious cereal
that promotes normal digestion, absorption and elimi«
nation, whereby nourishment is accomplished with
out auto-intoxication. A mixture of energy-giving^
wheat and malted barley comprise the chief elements
of Grape-Nuts. A dish at breakfast or lunch is an
excellent, wholesome rule to follow.
You can order Grape-Nuts at any and every hotel,
restaurant, and lunch room on dining cars, on lake:
boats and steamers in every good grocery, large and
small, in every city, town or village in North America.
Grape-Nuts—the Body Builder
"There's a Reason"
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