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The Oskaloosa herald. (Oskaloosa, Mahaska County, Iowa) 1885-1919, May 07, 1885, Image 1

Image and text provided by State Historical Society of Iowa

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87058308/1885-05-07/ed-1/seq-1/

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ii | mtl>raf»lT na4w thto tnad will b* charred
Mttrt following rates:
Fire line* «Ns*. I** T®** M °°
nMffliTi* 1 ........... 1 OO
Offios lrti door aast of Hawkins
Boom M rokhrad Mr. John Wa«foaor. cor
»er of Mala and JsEsrson Street*. aSiaSixl
T c. #ilrins, m. d„
omoe frool room* ovsr D o **®®**!*
Ototkte* Store. weal aide of ********
cm Bast Harrison atraat oppoaua 0. P Lkaroh
• Physician and Surgeon.
SaryrtoaJ operatioaa of A* *l* 1
Omoe at Hew Sharon. lowa. !L
• Physician and Surgeon.
OfSoe 00 wem aida of public square, over
Mtaa Andaman « m»U«aery atore
a~B cox.
Specialist in Cancers,
and Chronic Dm oases. Oakalooaa. lowa Office
>1 r»*»hleoc«\ oa North street, one aad one-half
£<££* eaat of Central Hallway. Mint
OAm oa aouth aide of -Square over J. M. Joaea
A Uo’*_ aboe store Nitrous Orlde Oas used
tor paiafttl oparerton*.
Surgeon Dentist.
Offioo la Exrhaaire block. 00 High street.
Oakalooaa. lowa, over J. W. Motgaa a dxv»
atore. *•_
Physician and Surgeon.
Offioe oa Market street, over Borer A Barnes’
atore. Braideoca two blocks south aad two
bioeka waat of poaioffie*. 1*
Magnetic Healer.
Office at bis residence, three blocks directly
aouth of postoffice. is prepared to treat illda
rasas except deafness with general satisfac
tion Terms. *lO for 90 treatment*. He will
always be found at home. 1*
Physician and Surgeon.
Oskalooaa. lowa. Office northeast comer 01
rquart, middle room* up suurs In new Masonic
building Besidesoe oa High street. S blocks
east of square. Teiepboae connection at office
aad residence with all part* of the city. 1*
r\B W. M. WELLS.
U Catarrh. Throat A Lung Physician,
A ud Specialist for Ckroßic Disease* generally.
C Msultation personally or by letter. Office
aMi Dtspeesyar over Wajra’ Drug Store. Wert
High Street Office hours from 9toll a. M.. aad
from Ito S r m CoosaltaOoo free. n!9
DA Hornui) N.D. E.C. Hoffmar. M. D.
| vRj D A. A K. C. HOFFMAN.
-■ " Physicians and Surgeons.
CHS re two doors north of Simpson M. E.
caureh. near 9. R corner of square. Oakalooaa,
lowa Residence on Main street, three blocks
east of tbe puNie square. lttf
J. L ('otru. J- *• Honoa
Coffin ft hoik.*.
Homeopathic Physicians ft Surgeons.
Will attend all call*. day or night. OMce ia
the rranks! room* ia Union block. Dr. CoMn's
residence. comer of Kile* ft". Jefferson. Dr
Hodges. raaldoaoe oa Sortk Market Street 19
• Attorney-at-I.aw,
and Notary Psbtic, Rose Hill. lowa. 1911
W. 8. KimroKTHT. O. N. DOWN.
Wil tam* Block. Oskalonsa. lowa. »ylpd
Oskalooaa. lowa. (NBaa over OoMsn Eagle
tore °*‘
• Attorney-at-I-aw,
and Notary Public. Front room up stair*. In
Parkb urate new building Oskalooaa. la. I*l
* Attorneys-at-IJiw.
Ofhce to Phoenix Mock. Oskalooea. lowa.
Ruiiiwm promptly attended to. Itti
• . Attomey-at-I^aw,
and Nr-tary Public. '>®ce over Leei’a store,
oakaloaaa. luwa. mf
" Attomey-at-IJiw.
Col lor Lions prompt!* attended to. Hire on
nortk aide, over Franlers bank. 19
" Attorneys-at-I,aw,
Oatalooaa, lowa OMce over Knapp ft Spald
ing'* hardware atore. 19
J * Attornpy-at-I Jtw,
Dakaiooaa. lowa. Will practice In all the
oonru o*l ce ©ter the Oakalooaa National
Bank. I*tf
Oskalooaa, lowa. Business attended to la both
State and Federal Courts. Offre, rooms l and
t, orer A M Abraham'* store, north aide ft*
GK. Lirrurr. Gao U Mow.am.
HS<y over < **k•kv.m National Bank. Oakn
looaa. lowa I*
C. P. StiRLL L. A 800- 1 -.
OKARLE k 90irTT,
& Attorney»-at-I*aw.
ae l Notaries Public. OMee Aral door wool of
Hex-order's oMoe. National Bank building.
Oskalooea. lowa. **tf
Robert kissk k.
and Notary Public. < Hkalooaa, lowa. Ottce to
Centennial block, over Trank H a clothing
a tor*, aartk aide aqaare. Practice m ail of tbe
coast* of tbe Bute. I*
and gaveremeat claim agent OEce in Boyer
k Birana block. Oakalooaa. lowa. Prompt at
tention give" to ooUortiona Probate busioca*
will receive careful attention. Business at
tended to in the D. &. and State court*. lkf
* Attorneys at-I,aw.
and Cetteatlaa Agent* Atteod in any lewai
twmoem In tbc State and Federal court* en
truoted to tbom. CMEoe orcr N. Oppenbetmer
ft Co ’■ boot and oboe More, aouth arte of
Oohalmwa, lowa. l*tf
J auks rtaaou. Piisn. Daria.
P. P Evans.
/ 1 Attorneys-ftt-Idiw.
Oakalouna. lowa, will practice in all court*.
ColiecOoae made a mesial leatura. ofloa orcr
Frankel ft Oo'A. Bank. Br&ack oftce at New
Sftaroa. »
J. A L. Caowaaa. J.O. Caooiiai.
AUorneys-fct-I jiw.
Oakalooaa. lowa. OEMs over M ahaaka County
Baak. aoatkweM euracr public square. Col
loctloa* made and remitted promptly. ronvsy-
II Tolbert A Miller, Blacksmiths,
at their «4d stand waat of PoatoSee, will do
Stwatac aa low a* aay other abop in Uakatoo
aa. it
\J O. P. meet* oa SrM wad third Hoadar
evening* of each month. at Odd Fallow* Ball.
VMtlar Patriarch# cordially iaritod to attend.
B. L. UaKTir, C. P
B. 8. Haaaora. Serine. «
iU moot* or cry Saturday evening at tbc Odd
Fellow*’ Hall, aa* Mark aorth of tbe Potto Wee
VMM to* brother* cordially inrited to attend.
Cut Vaar. W. L How a,
Secretary [HJ NO.
Bmsdeace 1H mliee north of Oakalooaa. lowa.
Charge* rary lenaonaMe. rmipd
* J Licensed City .Scavenger.
AS work
Civil Engineer.
Qdhae aad naMneaoo High street. • Mocks
' l r,"ra
Irnn JBtMpVtt. 1
- 11 Sir ■ Y tfL r 'uMaa 4 Da^
Pmmaagnr.nse Mas. tdljLii
naaaasar. aaa. .Mas. Mdlaa
iSSasiksasM itNas hftr.s
Mr s. Stiir.R
*** Lp&a I|SM
_ mASa seem
Pamaearsmd kpei M»A.e. Maft
Pineaesr -.- tdr.s. Mia ».
Nates Aiuiiai—iii tSTJ.T Mas’
MU fttfitit. f 1 -.
As • BMi AOHBb
VOL. 36, NUMBER 37.
J. a. L. cuonia, H. B. Howard,
PiaHaat T.-Prae.
John K BAitinta. Cashier.
Organized Under the State Laws.
Stockholde » liable for double the amount
of Capital Stock.
J. A. L Crook ham. W. A. Beevera, John O
Malcolm. MUton Crook ham. Jacob Vernon,
W. C Hhinehart. B. Redman. W. C.
England. John Voorheea,
John Nash, aad
1» H. B. Howard.
Wr H. Sikvkks, n. W. Doaipo.
Proa. W. A. Liwdlt, V.-Prea.
Ostaloosa National Ml,
Wm r sttrtiu. J. W.MoMcllih.
H. L. SrENCRR. M. L. Lrti,
James MoCclloch.
Pirat National Bank, New York.
Oilman. Son A On.. New York
Pirat National Bank, ‘'hicagn.
Hide A Leather Nat'l Bank, Chicago.
1* Davenport Nat'l Bank, Davenport
The Oldest Bank in Mahaska County.
Will receive deposits ami transact a general
basking, exchange and collection business, the
same as an Incorporated bank
Exchange on all the principal cities cf the
United States and all cities of Europe bought
and sold at sums to suit the purchasers.
Passage tickets to and from all points la
Europe for sale at the lowest rates.
Collections will receive prompt attention.
We do a strictly legitimate banking business,
and give the wants of customer* special at
tention . 1*
President. Cashier.
1., C. Blanch *m»» fice-Prestdent.
The Farmers A Traders
Jao. Siebel. L. C. Blanchard,
T. J. Black*tone. G. B. McPail,
H. W McNeill Matthew Plcken.
P. W. Phillip*. Peter Stump*.
J. B Whitmore.
First National Rank. Chicago.
Metro; xlltan National Bank, New York.
19tf Valley National Bank, 9L Lotus.
Cowan 6c Hambleton’s
Loan & Abstract Office.
<200.000 to loan at <> per cent Interest on five
year* time; borrower bavin* the op
tion to pay part or all of prin
cipal after flint year.
We also have a complete set of Abstract Books
of all
Lands and Town Lota
in Mahaska County. lowa.
OAer in front room of new Masonic building,
north-east corner of Public Square.
Israel M. Gibbs, Broker.
Loans of all kinds negotiated. Mercantile
paper bought and sold. Room t, over Farmers
Traders' Ban k, Oakalooaa. lowa. lMf
I hire on my book* • Urge number of firm*
and bou*«a In town; also many thousand acre*
of wild land. If too hare real estate to soil or
wish to buy. giro me a call. I nay taxes in any
part of the Stale. Conveyancing done. OMce
in Boyer ft Barnes' Mock, Oskalooaa, lowa.
One hundred nice bnllding lot* ia Laoey's addi
tion to (takaioosa. 19
ZftAXLd Agenoy.
Farms and Town Property for
Sale, Taxes Paid, and
Conveyancing Done.
OMeeorer Oekalooaa National Bank.
i*tf lafffrtf A Komn.
Heal Estate & Loan Agent.
in large or Mnall amount*, on on* or abort
time SKI
•100.000 la *IOO.OOO
Money to Loan!
At Six Per Cent Annual
on S year* time, ie loan* of two nod upwards;
with pne liege o* paying ftioe and aoore la an
nual payment*, if dr* 1 rod.
Residence and Garden
Small Farm Plots For Sale.
I am now prepared to sail in aautll or large
lot* to null purchaser-*, and at reasonable Af
urea, the whole of the farm known aa the
I tins between tbe lowa City and Burlington
reisde. Immediately contiguous to the city, and
now occupied a* tenant* by L M. and J. C.
J %bc*farm ie divided by tbe C- R I k P.. and
lays oonreolent for divtsloe Into Plot* for
bined. It la bettered to be
Underlaid with Coal !
and has good drainage and water factlltica.
A complete plan and servey of the property
may heaeen at the aMee of Jao- O. Malcolm.
Pert rf the porehaec money may be seemed
on any plot bought, 11 duaiyad.
Rill Mill l M UllC!
North-east corner Public Square, front rooms
an second Soor of the new Masonic bulldog.
The following are a few of the may bargains
that we have In Reel B*tatc, In Oakalooas and
Mahaska county; M* reMftenee tom which we
will eeß for from SIM to fl*w apteee; all ea
time if pnrtiee build
—Lot and bouse with Mur rooms.
No, k»d house with her roams
J|«. 1 001-Farm ofHOscros.fhrmhooai.se.
Ss* tUt.—*™ o>Www,tw»kwwl
other tmpfovamtnl*. Fries •SOM.
- Pries
Me. IW. I**, 1* •tory bowse, ftc. Price
I«R-Let»wdlwo-Mory heww. Pries
fy imk-m seres of good, wild land Aw
He. ISA,—A farm of SM artes with goodte
provemeets. Iwe vstas of workableeoj. Pries
He. fOa-wft term of Mi acres; 4 mile* from
We have —ye*hsr Farm and Town P*e»-
erties Aar sue. of wMeh we hwve nog room in
this tpMi as tefl yeo about. Ba we tnvße yen
te earns and aee aa. end we wfll take Mwmnre
AjpMMQf. »8m
IMP AGNES and S of
the IMP LADY i
1 m Wm. T. Smith.
mm «■ Ml more money than at aaythiog
ners succeed grandly. None fail. Terms free.
Hal Lett Hooe Co, Portland, Maine.
josii D. DoNsaii-lf mnsL. Hubst
Thorough instructioß (Iveo In all departments
of Art work. Including Art Needle work.
City and Farm
Surveying and Drainage
Hoads and Drains staked oat and Grades es
tablished. Plata showing buddings, fences, lo
catioa and grade of dramA Maes of ttJe to be
used, ate. Landscaping and drafting. Conea
pondenee solicited.
SuMY KYOH, f Office west of a. W. Corner
of Public Square. n»tf
Booksellers, Stationers,
Wall Paper Dealers,
117 West High St,
Oakalooaa, lowa. 19
eoirraACTOR n>R
Steam Heating, Plumbing,
Agent for tbe Haxton Base Burning Boilers;
dealer In Iron Pipe, Fitting* and Bras* Goods.
Lead Pipe, Rubber Hose. Parking, iron and
Wood Pumps, Sewer Pipe. Gas Fixtures. Ac.
No. 214 Watt High Street,
19 OskaJoosa, lowa.
Boot & Shoe Manufacturer,
Has reopened hie shop at bis old stand, second
door west of tbe Burnett House, where 1
would be please*! to see ail my old customers
and all others that may favor me with a call.
Many year* of experience baa enabled me to
please the most fastidious.
Try the COA*. from John Burdeas' New Shaft.
It is of good quality and gives general
satisfaction. All orders left at
oa the southeast corner of tbe square, or at
on the southwest corner of the square, or at
on High street, will receive prompt attention.
This mine ia on the Beacon reed one m>le from
town. n»yl
Before You Start West
aad get j nr AMMUNITION, alao yourCLAY
PIGEO. 8 at wholesale and retail prices.
Family & Fancy Groceries
of all kinds, and FLOUB and FEED.
Old Givens Building.
lttf Os'aloota ... - lowa.
Henry Walling.
Dealer in
Building Material of all Kinds,
and contractor of
Cisterns, Flues and Cellars
Built on abort notice Alan have rood Brick
for sale at lowest market price.
n!9tf Oakalooaa lows.
Fresh Family and Fancy
Queensware and Classware,
Provisions of All Kinds
In their season, go to
1* Southeast Corner of Square.
Canoers Cured!
Dr. S. Goi, OsAaloosa, lows,
baring had over twenty years' experience In
tbc treatment of canoers, flatters himself that
be understand* his busts sm. also that he can
CURE all case* that arc CURABLE, with but
IHUe pain, and no occasion for using the knife.
OMce on North street, one and one-half block s
east of Central Railway. Stm*
Mrs. J. Larrie Morgan
has removed her
to west side of square, with Miss Anderson,
where she will be pleased to meet all her old
friend* and many new ones. A floe assortment
in all tbelateet styles Orders taken, and work
from ComMngs neatly and promptly done.
Also hair jewelry in all Its branches lam also
prepared to do all kinds of stamping fbr BRAID
INGand EMBROIDERING, having many hun
dreds of Ihe latest drown*. Patterns mann
thr fared and for sale at from Are cent* upward.
■4 Bmirth. r«t n«UMIa Ik* halMtof. CARPETS
Mll'tt*rfMK.«MMMt>t<Wl(*lrtMb I'OM*
Prices of Fire Insurance
often eeem high to property owners, bat It
ebon M wot be forgotten that a property or
bnataeae which will not warrant the ex
pense of proper insurance had bet
ter be dla posed of and the capi
tal employed In R securely
InTMtEd in Securities
yielding a km eroftt. bat which aannot be de
stroyed by fin. In abort, iwvu voon
fßurmw ev ge out of bnaleeas. and
when Mauriag ba sere you get the
beet, which can always he ob
" mined from
ingaisaee Agency. North Bide of Square, over
Frenkel’. Bank. H
)/D OSKALOOSA ypr /?/?
♦i Mml AwhrUt
m cm um.
•Mipartemoa ml Mb work dim* ftem theyan.
v, ft. EOWI, A A. WEftCO,
S£E!s a’&sr v:,rt£
aanfty aarwpjj"every atwplag. T+MjSi
arjaag zjvz
mkkwjmws wtfl send eqf JWffTwrthd
J. H. Sheak,

Will pay the highest market pride in Cash
For all kinds ot Brail
<»a tbs Central of lowa Ball way Track, Warn
High Street, Oakalooaa, lowa. alt
H. Snyder & Sod,
Will sell as cheap as any other house in tbe
city. If you want a sack of th
la tbe city, call on us.
Everything Fresh.
h* H. Snyder Sl Son.
Oskaloosa, lowa,
W. E. VERNON, Prop.,
—MAitprAcmtsii or—
Prom One to Twelve Horae Power.
Machinists’ Supplies,
Including Shafting*. Puiieys, Leather and Rub
ber Bc-IMng, Steam Fittings, etc., etc.,
furnished on short notice and at
very reasonable rates.
of all kinds neatly and quickly done. Call on
me before yon buy anything In my line.
Shops One Block North of Ex
change Block.
nlHf W- E- VERNON.
Seevers & Neagle’s
13 lbs Granulated Sugar 91.00
14 lbs Standard A Sugar 1.00
15 lbs Extra C Sugar. 1.00
30 lbs Good Brown Sugar 1.00
8 lbs Good Green Coffee • 1.00
8 lb* Good Brown Coffee 1.00
1 lb Can Best Full Weight Baking
Powder. 25
1 lb Desiccated Cocoanut 30
1 lb Good Young Hyson Tea 30
1 lb Fancy Mixed Tea 50
30 kinds of Canned Goods, per can 10
1 lb Salmon. 15
2 lbs Salmon. 25
Celebrated White Rose Flour, j*er
sack. 1.35
30 Bars White Russian Soap 1.00
All Standard Brands Plug Tobac
co, per lb 50
Earthenware, 3 gallons for 25
Southwest Corner Pub-
lie Square.
Steam Plow Shop.
I hare on hand and for sale a large stock of
Home Made, Spring, Platform
and Lumber Wagons.
Also s full line of
Farm Tools*
As good aa the market affords.
Plow and Reaper Re
pairing a Specialty.
Goode warranted to give aatieiactlon in all
case*. Come in and see us and
give us a trial.
First door north of Burnett ITou In Red
Front Building. si*
Qstaloosa Marble forts.
F. W. McCall,
Dealer Is
Mon a moat* Tomb*, Head Btoaes, Seoteh an
imarlaiß Granite Monument*, As.
11 09 E A LOOS A, >OW A.
Eye and Ear Phyaiciftn.
M it
Ss |ifr 4
C=a Hi : M tI
1! 1 |l| i |i f
With its broad streets and majestic
avenue* adorned with stately buildings,
Detroit ia ooe of the moat magnificent cities
on this ContinsnL Its new system of
electric lighting throws into obscurity all
the old methods, and leaves ordinary street
lamps where dingy tallow dips used to be.
Tbe new-lights are on light lattice work
towers, 125 to 150 feet high, shedding a
radiance which is like intensified moon
lighL The effect of this when the city is
covered with its whit* robe of snow, is
strangely beautiful.
A gentleman recently spent a day or two
in Detroit, pushing his researches to some
extent in the .Erection of finding out as to
the new method of curing rheumatism by
means of Ati lophoros, the remedy which
in the last year or two has attained such
favor aa a victor over this old enemy of
the human rac*. Calling on Mr. R. B.
Watson, the well-known superintendent
of the American District Telegraph Com
pany, he founu that gentleman cheerfully
ready to say all the pleasant things he
could about Athlophoros.
“My wife,” said Mr. Watson, “waa suf
fering terribly from rheumatism ; her pains
were both in joints and muscles. 8o ex
cruciating were her agonies when she
moved, that sometimes on assuming one
position in the morning she would remain
in that position all day rather than en
dure the torment of being moved. 1 pro
cured a bottle of Athlophoros, and the
effect on my wife was as surprising as
it was gratifying. We had no idea that any
medicine could so speedily remove such an
obstinate disease. She was soon cured,
and the cure was complete. Since that
she has had no return of the disorder. We
speak freely among our friends of the good
work of Athlophoros, and have no hesita
tion in saying how highly we esteem it.”
Visiting nearly all the leading drug
t -ores in the city, it was found that all who
had kept Athlophoros had received from
their customers marked commendation of
its efficacy. One lady had taken six bot
tles of it with the result of a complete cure.
At Fritelle’s, on Michigan Avenue, one of
the clerks had taken it with excellent
eflecL This young man, Mr. Cohen,
had suffered greatly with rheumatism.
Though surrounded by medicines of every
description, they did not reach his
case. Mr. Cohen tried Athlophoros,
and found that it did for him what noth
ing else had been able to do.
From Detroit to Chicago is but a day’s
ride, and in the latter city Athlophoros has
also accomplished some wonderful results.
In Chicago, at 905 West Twelfth street,
lives, Mr. William W. Summers, of
the well-known firm of Summers, Mor
rison A Co., commission merchants, 174
South Water street. Mr. and Mrs. Hum
mers gave substantially the following facts:
“When Robbie was taken sick some
weeks ago we thought at first that it was
only an ordinary cold, but it proved to be
something lurch more severe. The pains
were those of rheumatism. We
wrapped the l>oy in cotton and gave him
a number of the remedies such as are
generally given. His agony was dreadful.
We had to hold him in the bed, hi* agony
was so great. We had two physicians, who
did not succeed in making him any better.
The poor child’s torture was so intense
that he asked fora pistol, so that he might
nut himself out of the way and thus end
liis sufferings When he was at his worst
we thought of Katie Gill, who was well
known *o ns, and the medicine that
had cured her. We sent to Mr. Gill’s
to know the name of the medicine and
where to get it They happened to have
some left in a bottle—Athlophoros the
name is—and they kindly sent it to us. It
is surely a very strange and powerful
medicine, for it stopped the boy’s pain
very soon and very effectually. He took
but a little of it. for the was only enough
for about three doses in the bottle Mr.
Gill sent us. This was only a few weeks
ago. The boy has had no return of rheu
matism. You see him now as hearty and
as happy as any other boy.”
If you cannot get athlophoros or your drug
gist. we will send it expmc; paid, on receipt of
n-gular price—one doliu r per Dot tie. We prefer
that jou buy It from your druggist, but If be
hasn’t it, do not be persuaded to try something
else, but order at once from us, as directed
Athiopuoros Co., 11l Wall Street, New York.
Used herbs in doctoring the family .and
her simple remedies P LD CVMB in
most oaess. Without the use of herbs,
medical science would be powerless;
and yet the tendency of the times is to
neglect the best of ail remedies for those
powerful medicines that seriously in
:re the system.
is a combination of valuable herbs, care
fully compounded from the formula of
a regular Physician, who used thia pre
scription largely in his private practice
with great success. It is tot a drink .but
a medicine used by many physicians.
O’ It is invaluable for />YSPKPBIA,
kidnet and hirr.r. coMt-LAifm,
NESS. ts IHUESTIOX. At.; and while
cm uz will n«>* hurt the system.
Hr. C. J. Rhodes, a well ta own iron
man of Bale Harbor, Pa., write?:
■My son vra* emnpletelv i>rr»tr«<eu irj fever and
agua Qu'.nine and hark. <lid bun u<> good, I
Sen ami for Miahkr*. H. rh Bittmi and in attkovt
time tbe buy wae quite well "
“B. A. Schell eatragsr. Druggist. TIV
•t. Clair Street, Cleveland. 0., writes;
“Tour Bitten. I ran aay. and do my, are pre
•ersbed by eucneof the oldeetand moat prominent
phyttcianein our city "
52S Commerce St., Philadelphia.
Parker’s Pleasant Worm Syrnp Mevsr Fails
Sick Headache aad relieve ell the troubles lad
dent to a bUioos state of the system, sack aa Dis
stnem, TTanin. Drowafateas, Dlatreas after eattaf.
Pain hi the Side, Sc. While their moat remarE
able auccass has been -hewn In earlug
veiuabie ta Conetipatfoa, curia* and preeectfn*
this aaaortn* complaint, wkUtlher alao correct
all disorder* of the atooae*, •ttmnlate the Hr*
nod regatet* the Ik** el a, Ire* If they only oared
‘"cwtwVutda L»wr pm* •Sw2S - l2Sf
r^V^ss*«s?aE , s^*2s;
ty<f|l<i wjrTtattrwrttytn
tom tua *t—
M. MARTINSTEIM, Otkalooea, lowa.
4- B CRUZIN OokatoM* lowa.
M. BACON A CO. Osfcaioooa, lowa.
4. W OLLER. Ook afoot*. low*
STEWART BROS. Otkaloooa, lowa.
HOWARO S SON. Otfcaloota, low*.
SHAW S LOSING, Otkalooaa, -iaw*.
4. R ROBERTS, Rom NHL low*.
IL IKlftl S 3-, BttLRU C
Nobody cared when be went to war
But the woman who cried on his shoulder;
Nobody decked him with Immortelles—
He was only a common soldier.
Nobody parVed in a dainty trunk
Folded raiment and officer’s fare;
A knapsack held all the new recruit
Might own. or love, or wear.
Nobody gave him a good-by fete.
With sparkling Jest and flower-crowned wine
Two or three friends on the sidewalk stood
Watching for Jones, the fourth in line.
Nobody cared how the battle went
With the man who fought till tbe bullet sped
Through tbe coat, undecked with leaf or star.
On a common 9oldler left lor dead.
The cool rain bathed the fevered wound.
And the kind clouds wept the livelong night;
A pitying lotion Nature gave.
Till help might come with tne morning light—
Such help as the knife of the surgeon gives.
Cleaving tbe gallant arm from shoulder;
And another name swells the pension list
For the meager pay of a common soldier.
What matter how he served the guns
When plume and sash were over yonder!
What matter though he bore the flag
Through blinding smoke and battle thunder?
What matter that :i wife and child
Cry softly for that arm rent.
And wonder why Hint random shot
To him, their own beloved, was sent?
O patriot hearts wt|ie out this stain!
Give )ewelrd cup and sword no more;
But let no common soldier blush
To own the loyal blue he wore.
Shout long and loud for victory won
By chief and leader staunch and true;
But dual forget the boys that fought—
Shout for tne common soldier, too.
t'rnm the Herald nf November is, isn.
The following account of the Battle
of “Jenkin’s Ferry,” or, “Saline River,”
(where Gen. Samuel A. Rice was killed.)
is found in Brick I‘omeroy’s Dtmotrrat
of Oct 17,1874, and will be read with
interest by every member of the 33d
lowa. It forms part of a continued
novel, the incidents of which are locat
ed in that section during the war called
“The White Horse Phautom," written
by a Confederate Captain in Walker's
Division, engaged in that battle, and is
the only rebel description of the battle
we ever saw. The truthfulness of it
will be recognized by every participant
In the tight. He is incorrect iu some
particulars. He dt»es not give the
negroes credit for capt uring the battery;
and says the battery was re-captured
by his “Phantom” and troop, which is
not true, as we held it until abandoned
and thrown aside, when we retreated:
[Eds. Herald.
* * * * * * On
the morning of the 10th of April, the
day succeeding the battle of l’leasant
Hill, Gen. Walker’s division of Texas
Infantry, Gen. Parson’s command of
Missouri troops, and a division of Ar
kansas troops were withdrawn from
the pursuit of the retreating of the
Federal army, and sent to reinforce
Gen. Price, who had confronted Gen.
Steele in Arkansas.
Gen. Steele commanded a good force,
and, as has been previously mentioned,
would have formed a junction with
Banks at or near Shreveport, La. But
Banks having received a olow at Mans
field and Pleasant Hill, a matter, of
course Gen. Steele’s field of operation
was changed also; and nothing remain
ed for him but to get out of the coun
try with as great expedition as possible.
This be would have done without the
interference of a Confederate soldier,
and the fofee which was withdrawn
from Gen. Taylor, if held and hurled
upon Banks’ retreating columns, would
have completely destroyed his army.
[We mention the particulars of the fc
movements of the two armies, because f
they have much to do with the regular *
chain of our narrative.] t
The forces which we have already v
mentioned as withdrawn from Gen. fc
Taylor’s support after the battle of j
Pleasant Hill, loitered a few days be- t
tween Mansfield and Shreveport Then i
thty resumed their line of march, via s
Shreveport, for Arkansas. After pass- a
ing through Shreveport about thirty s
miles, they indulged in another rest of r
two days, and moved forward again. e
We soon learned that Gen. Steele had r
taken possession of Camden, Ark., und c
fortified; that we were to join Gen. y
Price and attack the enemy; that he g
was short of supplies; that we could r
probably cut him off from all resourcs c
and capture him without the fire of a v
So much for the camp programme, g
and information brought through from c
reliable sources. There was another \
side to the question, however, ami both t
sides must be consulted before any a
action could be taken. i
Steele had determined that he would a
not risk an engagement, voluntarily, a
(as the sequel will show,) he would not y
tight unless he was lorced, he would i
leave the country if permitted to do so, l
without Ur ing a gun; liecause it was v
not his |toliey to light The campaign i
had failed, and to run to Little Rock i
uninterrupted was theobvious policy of i
the Federal commander. Not that he t
was too weak to risk an engagement if i
necessary—for that was not the case i
but that the incentive to action bad t
ceased to exist. There remained noth- t
ing to gain by a forward move, but all i
to oe lost. i
The Confederate army was now in t
rapid motion in the direction of Cam- \
den. A few days of forced march, and j
the stars and bars were thrown to the i
breeze over the streets of that town, on |
t lie banks of the Ouachita river. j
The bird had flown, or the lion had |
leaped from his lair, and eluded the i
huntsman’s shaft. i
There were no Federal troops in 1
Cauiden. The had left the preceding |
night, though tlie place was strongly ,
fortified. There we formed a junction
with Gen. Pr ; ci, and now sat out in i
earnest to catch Steele. Our trains i
were left. We bad three days’ rations
to cook and carry in our knapsacks,
and with one blanket we were upon a
forced march in pursuit of the enemy.
Our skirmishers and light artillery i
hung upon the rear with indefatigable
perseverance, hoping to bring them to
an engagement in the open pine woods, i
But Steele was too good a General to
come to terms of that kind. He would
grapple momentarily with the skirm
isuers, and then the lion, shaking the
dew from bis mane, would hurl them
from him and move rapidly on. Our
troops, who were engaged in that pur
suit, had all been over the same ground
before, and they could see the motives
of the Federal commander. A private
of common reasoning faculties could un
derstand them as well as Gen. Smith,
who was now present, and in command
of the Confederate forces.
About sixty miles southwest of Lit
tie Rock, Ark, on the road by Which
Gen. Steele was falling back, was sit
uated Jenkin’s Ferry, on the Saline
river. There was considerable bottom
on both sidee of the river. The hill
country through which the retreating
army had to pass before reaching Saline
river was open pine woods. Hence it
was evident that Steele would not be
forced to an engagement, if he could
poesibly avoid it, before reaching the
saline bottom.
i The retreat and pursuit of the two
1 armies would have equaled the zeal of
the fox and the well-trained pack—the
one intent upon his escape, and the
other sanguine of his prey. Through
I the high, open eountry over which thin
march was made, the rood and ground
for one hundred yards on each side was
1 almost carpeted with higgage, clothing,
- etc., of the Federal army. They light
. sued op every few hundred yards.
1 They at; ipped tasmselvesfor the march.
They left on every rod of their march
t some evidence of their determination
* to have no interview with Gen. B.
Kirby Smith and Ms army until they
reached some tenable position; or, tr
possible, they would eeoape entirely.
> Their pants, overcoats, blankets and
knapsacks covered the ground over
which they passed, taro in tatters,
which spoke in laagusge as loud as the
boom of oar cannon on the rear, ‘'Good
bye! Wa are gone, but what we leave
behind is not for your benefit
We could hear the exclamation
throughout the ranks, "Would to God
we could bring them to bay in tte open
eountry. If he reaches Saline bottom,
we have nothing to hope for but a
bloody battler which was true.
Oar laurels, If we wow -nr from
that field, were crimsoned with the
blood of fifteen hundred of our bravest
IjSfour recollection serves as aright,
: ' % -
on the third day of the march, late in
the evening, we passed through a beau
tiful little village called Princeton—a
county seat. We were now entirely out
of provisions. There were none, every
thing that would sustain life having
been swept by the fleeiug army, as a
mast of birds of migration, which some
times darken the skies. We halted for
a few minutes in this quiet, little town,
and heard the citisens speaking of the
condition of the retreating army. They
were stripped of everything except
their wearing apparel. They were
destitute of provisions, having but
parched corn in their haversacks. We
heard an old man—a citizen of Prince
ton—say that Gen. Steele told him that
he was in a close place, but he intended
to carry his armv out of that country.
Some thought differently. They be
lieved that be and his command would
be captured. The plan was feasible,
but never executed, or Gen. Smith’s
army would have won the laurels,
bright and bloodless, of which more
We lay upon the damp ground, one
mile east of Princeton, which was
twenty-one miles east of Saline river,
the point which Gen. Steele seemed so
anxious to reach.
About two o’clock the following t
morning the Confederate army was ]
thrown in line, and, from a j»ile of c
twenty bushels of coni, (all that was I
left by Geu. Steele to a private citizen t
of Princeton for the use of his family, f
and which had kindly been relinquish- e
ed to Gen. Smith’s soldiers,! was issued a
by our commissary, an ear of com to I
each soldier. We then resumed our
march in pursuit of Steele. e
It was very dark. Anyry clouds gave t
promises of a stormy morning. Soon 1
the lightning-flash dazzled the eye, and c
the heavy roll of thunder shook the g
ground beneath the fe*-t of wearied l
soldiers. Very soon the storm burst ij
forth, and such rain, such thunder and e
sheets of lightning we seldom seen iu fc
life. It grew more terrifle every mo- t
ment. The elements were terribly cou- c
vulsed. They seemed to groan with a
the heavy burden of storms, which had c
been gathered from the hemispheres t
to pour apon the heads of (bid’s erring
children the vial of wrath as an admon- I
ition to l*oth armies, to stay their d
bloody hands. But we moved on
through the flood. ■
About eleven o’clock on the 30th of
April, we (Walker's division) reached ]
the edge of Saline swamp. Gen. Price fc
was in advance with the Missouri e
troops,%uid had engaged Steele when 1
we came up. It bad rained all day and \
was still raining. The Saline river had 1
risen in a few hours to overflowing, fc
The swamp was covered with wnter, •]
and Steele's only alternative was to of- <]
fei battle while preparing to cross the y
river. It was generally siipjaised, as \
w-e have l»efore intimated, (thesuppoei- a
tion was not at all unreasonable) that s
Steele would be prevented from cross
ing the river by crossing it with our
cavalry, under command of Gen. Mariu
aduke,’ with a battery or two of light i
artillery, and holding the land on the
opposite sida The result to the Fed
eral army would have been starvation
or surrender. This was not effected
however. No opposition was offered
to the Federals. They were provide*' «
with pontoon bridges, and would have "
crossed iu a few minutes bad they not L
attacked us so vigorously iu the rear. <j
Their position was strong—almost iu- g
accessible to the Confederate troops c
under a heavy fire. On the hill, just
before descending to the swamp, the
road forxed—the right leading iu the t
direction of the river, below the ferry; i
the left, or straight-forward road, lead- (
ing to the ferry, and directly to the
Federal lines, which were then engag- c
ed by Price. Gen. Walker was ordered [
to take the right hand road with two
of his brigades—the other brigades of j
bis division to move down the straight- .
forward road in the direction of the 1
heavy Bring. The object of this move r
was to reinforce Price in front, and at j
the same time to flank the enemy’s left
with Gen. Walker’s two brigades, which
bad been sent down the river, and, if 1
possible, to fall in on the rear aud cut t
them off from the ferry, if they had y
not yet taken iiosscssion of it This
strategic move would, in some degree,
answer the same purpose as takiug iios
session of the opposite bank of the i
river at the ferry, so as to movent the
enemy from crossing, which plan had .
now failed from two causes; first, our
cavalry had not been in time to take 1
possession of the ferry and cross before 1
Steele reached it; second, the river had
risen so considerably that the cavalry ,
could not cross at the ford they had in |
view above the ferry. Gen. Walker’s
flank movement failed also. His road i
gave out in the bottom, which had j
overflowed, and was in some places .
waist deep. His guide, who lived in
the neighborhood, bec;une bewildered
and lost, the day being very dark, and i
in the heavy timber, and under clouds t
as dark as Erebus. Walker made three
attempts to accomplish his object. All j
proved failures. He became entangled I
in an impenetrable swamp, briars, 1
brambles aud water, without the least
knowledge of the locality, which proved
unsurmountablc barriers to his success.
There was no time to lie lost. He
heard the battle roar and he knew tliat <
his presence was needed. The orders ,
which he received from Geu. Smith
were impracticable. He directed his
columns to move as rapidly as possible !
to the heavy flring, which be soon
reached, and apparently under the
guiding influence of Providence, as he
threw bis two brigades immediately
under his command into line and en
gaged them with the enemy, the left j
wing of t hese two brigades rested upon (
the right of the other wing of his divis
ion, which moved directly to the front
from the top of the hill. This remark
able occurrence gave Gen. Walker im
mediate command of his entire di vision,
to which his presence was always of
the greatest importance, and especially
on the battle Held.
* * * The battle was now
raging with fury, and yielding, from
afertile field of gore, its red harvest of
blood! The rain was still falling in Ir
regular gusts, and ”ie sky was dark
with angry clouds, which darkness
was increased by the heavy swamp
timber, olvtcuring the faint light shed
abroad from the stormy e' menta. Mud
and water on the bat 1 le-fl 1 tood frotn
shoe-mouth to wa’st *ie» T ’e heavy
roar of artillery, unu rn ic of mus
ketry, intermingled w. 1 penis of
thunder, which shook thee.nUi oeneath
our feet, told the citizens of Princeton,
twenty one miles away, that the dirge
of death was there.
The Federal commander had antici
pate an attack, believing that he could
not much longer escape the sanguine
and determined pursuit of the Confed
erate army. Entertaining this belief,
he chose the ground described on which
to receive the attack evidently with
great expedition, and formed his lines,
taking a position which gave him every
posable advantage he could have wish
ed. The Federal lines occupied the
bank of the bayou to which we have
just alluded, upon which our left wing
rested, and parallel with which the
road ran, from ten to fifty steps leading
to the ferry.
The bayou was impassable; henoe
we were confined to it and had to pass
our left wing within a few paces of the
Federal line, which was impracticable
unless the enemy could be dislodged
Further on, immediately in our /root,
the also occupied s very strong posi
tion, throwing their lines across the
road extending down the river, enscons
ed in s skirt of heavy timber and be
hind large fallen timber, used as s
temporary breastwork. They also had
the advantage of an old field, through
, which the Confederate lines had to
- pass to reach them, near the edge of
which the enemy had taken their post
. tion, as already described, awaiting the
t attack
i The Confederate lines moved standi
. ly forward, the skirmish line about one
hundred paces to the front. Our
! skirmishers soon found the enemy's
. position, which was indicated by an
1 uninterrupted blaze of fire along their
r Unen, the rattle of musketry, then a
. deneefog of blue smoke, which obscured
s them from the sight or the advancing
- columns. It will be remembered that
» our lines had met the hostile welcome
of a cross fire from the enemy, both
» from the front and from the line to
k our left, which occupied the beak of
a the bayou. The Confederates ware or
i, dared to charge, advancing, U the
s meantime, a battery down the road,
which did good eocaeatlon for a few
a minutes; but as the charge order was
s unsuccessful, mid the ground very soft,
t, slowly and stubbornly across the open
space in the old field. We saw eighteen
[or our battery horses shot down in a
group. Our brave and noble artiller
ists were completely run over by the
enemy. Our infantry was not fairly
retreating; they had only wavered un
der the destructive tire, none more de
structive than which is recorded on
the bloody pages of the history of our
* The Phantom went
down upon the enemy, sword in baud,
like the eagle’s swosp to grapple wi*h
his talons an easy prey. They were
supported by the iman‘-y, and the
Federal lißee were swept back to their
original position in the edge of the
timber, (which has already been de
scribed.) The battery was rescued and
the brave men who manned it. The
Fedemls did not fall back stubbornly,
and when they reached their base liue,
the Confederates still bore them com
pany. The struggle, hand to hand, was
a ueroeness indescribable The Feder
al reserve was brought up. The sever
ity of the conflict increased, as terribly
as the flood of burning lava belched
from a red-mouthed crater, and sweep
ing from the mouutam top, with the
rapidity ol thought, all animal fife to
a speedy dissolution. The severity of
the conflict was too great for duration.
Nothing but the charge that was made
could have effected anything. The re
lative position of the two armies gave
the Federals an advantage which, in a
few minutes, would have consummat
ed the destruction of the Confederate
army, had the charge failed of success.
It succeeded, however, and we will
venture the assertion that the Confed
erate infantry accorded to the Phantom
heartfelt thanks (mentally, if not oral
lyj for the importance and grand suc
cess of that charge. The combatants
soon disengaged themselves, as it were,
by mutual consent, and before Gen.
Smith aud his gallant officers could
comprehend the object of Gen. Steele,
he had crossed the river and taken up
the bridge. They had effected their es
cape. Further pursuit was impractic
able, as the Confederates could not
cross the river, having no portable pon
toon bridges.
Thus ended the battle of Jeukin’s
Ferry, on the Saline river, on the 30th
day of April, A. D., IBt>4.
We have never seen the official re
port of our loss, but it was very heavy.
So was that of the Federal army. Gen.
Walker lost of his Texas division
heavily. lie had three brigadier Gen
erals on the field to whip-Generals
ltandol, Scurry and Waud. Generals
Wmd ami Scurry were killed. Gen.
ltandol had two horses killed under
him and received two severe wounds.
Tims, of three brigadier Generals in one
division, which were ail that were
present, two were killed and one
wounded, which will afford the reader
a criterion by which to judge of the
severity of the unfortunate battle.
As seen by Major John F. Lacey,
tiikn on Gen. Rice’s Staff — A
Graphic Description.
Editor Herald —You ask me to
give you my recollections of the battle
of Jenkin’s Ferry. Recollections grow
dim after twenty-one years, so you
should make allowance for the frailty
of human memory.
On the 23d of March, 1864, Gen. F.
Steele with an army of about 12,000
men left Little Rock to cooperate with
Geu. Banks, in a campaign against the
confederate army occupying the Shrev
eport region.
Banks was defeated on Red River
before the two Union armies had ef
fected a junction, and Steele after a
number of engagements of minor im
portance occupied Camden. Camden
was surrounded with very strong fort
ifications, but no attempt was made by
the Confederates to hold it After
their hard marching Steele’s army re
mained about ten days at Camden, en
joying a much needed rest, aud await
ing advices from Banks.
Gen. Drake was sent to Pine Bluffs
for supplies, but was attacked by a
large force ot cavalry, and after a gal
lui.t struggle his brigade was
The cannonading was distinctly heard
by Gen. Steele's army at Camden, and
we all felt that the sound of this artil
lery was the death knell of Drake’s
brave brigade.*
Night came, and with it the confirm
ation of our worst fears, and at the
same time a communication was re
ceived from Banks announcing that
his army had been defeated and was in
full retreat.
Nothing was left for Steele but to
fall back ui*on Little Rock.
On the night of the 26th of April all
our regimental bands beat the tattoo
as usual, but at the sound of “taps" the
line of march was taken up noiseless
ly, and our army crossed the Washita.
Daylight revealed to the enemy in our
front that we were gone. Kirby Smith,
bad abandoned the pursuit of Banks
and sought to crush Steele's army by
combining the entire rebel force
against him, leaving only a small force
of cavalry to follow up and harass
Banks in his retreat But Steele did
not know that he had anything to con
tend with except the forces that had
been harassing his movements from
the beginning. Our forces were prac
tically out of food, but fortunately
had a good supply of coffee. The
march was slow, owing to the starved
condition of our teams.
Gen. Smith built a bridge of boat
gunnels, and started in hot pursuit,
sanguine that he would capture Steele’s
On the evening of the 29th of April
our rear guard was attacked in force.
At Princeton Steele changed his route
and executed a tlank movement to
Jenkin’s Ferry in order to put the Stt
line between him and the enemy. This
wisely concerted movement saved Ids
army, for had a battle been fought in
the open field the great disparity of
numbers would have resulted in a com
plete confederate victory. As it w.rs,
night came on and found Col. Engle
man’s Brigade holding the hills com
manding the Saline bottom with the
enemy close upon him. Had the wea
ther remained our forces would all
and the sanguinary battle of Jenkiu’s
Ferry would have been avoided.
But a storm came on, and the rain
poured down in torrents all night. The |
33d lowa, of Rice’s Brigade, reenforced
Engleman, and the oombatants stood
on their arms awaiting the battle that
was surely to be ushered in by the
break of day.
At two o’clock in the morning Gen.
Strele sent for Gen. Rice to meet him
at the log cabin of the widow Jenkins.
Said Starts: “The enemy will attack as
In force at daylight and I look to you,
Gem Rica, to hold them in check until
the remainder of the army can get
across on the pontoon." This Rice
frankly promised to da The rain still
pound down, and drenched, hungry
and weary we awaited the approach of
day. Biee recalled the Sid lowa of his
brigade and formed a Una behind a
field full of deadened trees, and Engle-!
man brought back bis brigade after a
slight skirmish and formed it behind
this line and kindled hie fires to make
But at 5:48 a. m. the made an
attack upon Rise's line. o«r position
had been chosen with gnat sagacity.
On the right
was a mm rojunr,
through which Thefts Creek ran swoll-
en with the rain. On the left was a
swamp that was impassable, and if
there were but men enough to fill up
this space our army could not be con
quered except by being overwhelmed
by a direct attack in front
Steele commanded the army; Salo
mon commanded the Third Division;
but Kice was in immediate command
of the line of battle. Regiment after
regiment was sent to re-enforce him,
and as these re-enforcements were
placed in line as Rice deemed best, the
result was that the immediate control
of the Union forces was under his di
rection, ami they could not have been
under a cooler and a braver head.
Gen. Fagan with his Arkansas troo|*s
attacked us first, and for an hour and a
half the battle raged with incessant
Once a small party of the enemy
crossed i'exie (’reek to flank our right.
The remains of McLean’s Brigade
crossed and repulsed them, and no
further attempt to turn our right flank
was made.
The euemy now fell back
was heard all along the line.
At half past seven the storm again
broke upon the centre and left. This
time Parsons with his fierce Missouri
ans led the attack.
The left flank was once partly turn
ed, hut Col. Hays with the 12th Kansas
appeared with his tine regiment just in
the nick of time, llisapproach through
the woods was not seen by our men.
He saw’ the left flank melting away to
the rear, and he encouraged his ;aen to
cheer as they came up. The left flank
promptly rallied at the encouraging
cheer of the Kansas men. and came
hack again into line. A company of
the 141 h Kansas cavalry under Capt.
Campbell also kept the left flank pro
tected. As Col. Hays now came up
into line a few of the enemy’s forces
were cut off and captured, and from
them we first learned that Kirby
Smith’s whole army was upon ns.
The second attack* lasted about an
hour and a half, when the enemy was
again repulsed with great slaughter.
A battery of three guns was brought
up on our right, ami for the first time
the sound of cannon w’as added to the
roar of musketry.
Vaughn’s Hattery in our rear fired a
w rounds over the heads of our line
to encourage the infantry. The enemy
cheered their artillery, but their joy
was of short duration. Col. Benton
with the 29th lowa, and Col. Crawford
with the 2d Kansas colored infantry.
and brought it into the Union lines.
We had not seen the colored troops
under lire before, and their impetuous
charge won for them the respect alike
of both friends and foes.
Again the enemy fell back, and a
skirmish tire alone was kept up.
With the cessation of firing Rice was
ordered to withdraw his line nearer
the river.
lie said that to obey the order liter
ally would prove ruinous, but that he
would charge the enemy first and fall
back afterward, and thus retire in his
own way and with greater safety.
We had but two lines reaching from
Texie Creek to the swamp. Saloman's
body guard and a small focre of cav
alry constantly carried boxes of am
munition up to the rear line, and the
troops filled their boxes and pockets.
The first line, when out of cartridges,
would lie down and the rear line ad
vance and take their places. Thus the
two lines of regiments would relieve
each other.
As the lines had just relieved each
other in this manner the last attack
was made. This time fresh Texas
troops under Gen. Walker led the as
sault. The left and centre were again
the object of attack. Obedience to the
order to retire was impossible, and
Gen. Rice did not communicate it to
his command.
This last charge was made on the
centre and left.
early in this attack and was taken to
the rear. Col. E. C. Soloman then took
command and the line remained its
firm as a rock. Knee deep in mud and
water, hungry, tired, defiant, and des
perate, our line stood, opposing the ad
vance of the enemy with a line of
steel and tire. The sound of musketry
was heard at Pine Bluffs, twenty-five
miles away.
For an hour the roar was incessant,
and the swamp was red with blood and
covered with the slain. Our line could
not be turned, and the enemy now
gave up all hope of crushing it from
the front and fell back in full retreat
to the bluff.
Our troops were now recalled and
crossed the river unmolested. Parties
of surgeons and nurses were left in
the Held to take care of the wounded,
and soon after the enemy sent in a Hag
of truce to enquire after their
wounded. They found that the Held
was deserted and quietly advanced and
occupied the line that had cost them so
About four thousand Union troops
had the honor of holding this line and
saving Arkansas to the cause of the
Union. The cavalry and most of the
artillery had
Our position was now destroyed and
the Saline became an impossible bar
rier to further pursuit. Over seven
hundred men were killed or wounded
on our side. The enemy’s loss was
probably three times as much. Their
troops were massed in force for a mile
deep, and the balls from our muskets
which often overshot the front ranks
played sad havoc with the troops in re
serve, who could do nothing but He
still and endure this fire. The great
rapidity with which our men were
supplied with fresh ammunition en
abled them to fire as fast as they could
load, and the deadly effect upon the
unseen masses of the enemy in the
woods was not understood until after
the battle had been fought. Gen.
Waul and Gen. Scurry were among the
killed on the Confederate side.
The Ist and 2d Kansas Colored Inft,
a part of the Ist Arkansas, and a com
pany of the 14tb Kansas Cavalry took
part in the battle. The 29th lowa, 33d
lowa, 40th lowa, 27th Wisconsin, 50th
Indiana, 9th Wisconsin, and a small
detachment of convalescents of Mc-
Lean’s Brigade, consisting of 36th
lowa, 43d Indiana, and 77th Ohio made
up the force upon our aide. Never was
an army in greater peril. Never was
an army saved by more heroic endur
ance and resolute bravery. The as-
I Baulks were brave and impetuous, and
I the reaistanoe was
The pull of smoke mingled with
drizxing min, the dark forest and the
j gloomy swamps, the constant roar of
musketry,the repeated assault of fresh
tsoops, the position of our men, knee
deep in mod with a rising torrent in
their rear, all combined to flhkn them
realise their jwgerst i situation; aid
•very sun seemed to feel that our line
could not be broken without ruin to all,
and that not a gap must be made in it
except by death.
But that line held firm and the Army
of Arkansas was saved. Gen. Kirby
Smith was compelled to retire again to
the southwest, and what to us was a
struggle for life resulted in all the ad
vantages of a victory. Without de
tracting from the glory of the other
commanders, wi may properly say
that to Gen. S. A. Rice more than to
any one else was due the result of this
day. A victory was dearly won that
cost the nation a life as noble as his.
John F. Lacey.
♦An account of the affair, by Major
Hamilton, of the 38th lowa, is pub
lished in connection herewith.
Twenty-oae Ymh Ago.
(Jttumun Courier, A/rrU 2j
W 6 received to-day a letter from Hen
ry Slagle, of Drakevillc, lowa, who
was OniJerly Sergeant, of Company E,
3t>tli lowa infantry, in which be called
our attention to the fact that twenty
one years this, the2sth inst M was fought
the battle of Mark’s Mill, Ark , in
which a large part of the 30th lowa
was captured. Sergeant Slagle, in his
letter, urges us to write some reminis
cences that engagement. To do justice
to that (>ortioti of the 30th low t’s 'ms
tory would require more space than
cau be given in such an article as we
have time to write and have published
to-day. We will, therefore, refer to
it oulv historically.
It was the one disaster that befell the
30th lowa during its three years’ serv
ice, and was attributable to no possible
fault of the regiment. General Bank’s
ex{>edition up the Red river, in which
he confronted Gen. Kirby Smith’s
forces, and Gen. Steele’s move from
Little koek on Camden, Ark., at the
head of navigation on the Ouchita
river, in which he confronted Gen.
Price, were part of the same general
plan. Gen. Steele reached and capt ured
Camdea, the expedition having l»een
entirely successful up to that time.
Gen. Ranks, however, was disastrous
ly beaten and driven back, and as there
was, say three hundred miles of coun
try between the operations of the
ai mies, which was in |*ossessi<»n of the
enemy and across which there was
neither railroad nor telegraphic com
munication. the disaster had fallen
Banks fully a week before Steele knew
of it. The route by which such news
readied him was from the Mississippi,
up White river. Ark., by steamer to
Duvall’s Bluff, thence to Little Rock,
by rail, and from thence across the
country on horseback.
The fact was that when Sfeele
learned of Rank’s defeat ;i* large por
tion of Kirby Smith’s forces were well
under way to join Price and the com
bined forces to fall upon and crush the
army of,say 12,000 men, under Steele.
This was the situation when Gen. Steele
awakened to the dilemma in which he
was placed. There hail a week before
a supply train of some two hundred
wagons reached us from our base of
supplies and these empty wagons and
others gathered up must l>e star let l on
ahead of the army’s retreat, which was
inevitable, made so by the failure of
About three o’clock on the afternoon
of the 22d of April the 38th lowa, the
43d Indiana, the 7?tli Ohio, a company
of the Ist Indiana Cavalry and two
sections of Missouri Light Artillery
moved out of Camden, across the
Ouchita river, and encami»ed upon the
other side for the night. The train
which they were to convoy comprised
alKiut 240 wagons. We fully believe
that Gen. Steele had in mind that he
must probably sacrifice our command
to escape. We could give the very best
of reasons for this, but it would extend
this article too much.
On the morning of the ?3d the brig
ade got under way very early and made
eighteen miles by* a little before sun
down. As the command was going in
to camp that evening cannonading was
distinctly heard in the direction of
Camden. We remember of visiting
at once the tent of Gen. F. M. Drake,
who was in command of the brigade,
and holding a conversation in which it
was stated that the firing w s probably
a feint on Camden to cover an attack
upon us. So we surmised at that time
and so we now fully believe was the
fact. The forces of Kirby Smith had
not yet reached Price in sufficient force
to risk a general attack on Steele. The
firing on Cainden only lasted a half
hour or so. The next day, owing to
the rain, the roads were heavier and
the command progressed slowly and
encamped at uight on the Moro river
bottom. The road through this bot
tom was corduroyed for along distance
and the ground so swamapy that the
road must be kept to prevent miring
down. Hence when we moved out
early on the morning of the 25th we
had a slow, tedious time getting arcoss
the bottom upon the high ground
where the battle took place. At break
of day a squad of cavalry was sent for
ward several miles on a scout to recon
noitre and find theenemy, if any. They
returned reporting the road all clear.
The fact was that Gen. Fagan, with
from four to five thousand cavalry and
mounted infantry were secreted in the
woods and heavy underbrush through
which the road ran and about two miles
from the Moro river. The liebels let
the scouting cavalry pass by and re
turn without interruption or getting a
sight of the secreted forces. This rebel
force had crossed the Ouchita, about
forty miles below Camden and ad
vanced by another road, which made a
junction with the road upon which we
had marched, mar the battle ground,
and from thence the two roads iti one.
eight miles further on, crossed the
Saline river at a common ferry. Into
this ambush prepared by the enemy
about« o'clock on the morning of the
25th, the 43d Indiana, the 36th lowa,
one section of the battery, ami the
cavalry, a force of from 7u) to BUi>
men, marched and were attacked, and
after a little over two hours very
warm work completely hemmed in,
such part of the Union force as had
not escaped surrounded.
Twenty minutes after the fight
opened, develqped the fact that the
force agaiust us was greatly in excess
of ours, and our chances exceedingly
slim for a victory. Gen. Drake was
severely wounded very soon the
battle opened, and each command
thereafter from the necessity of the
case fought upon its own hook, the
ranking officer lieing Major Norris, of
the 43d I ml. It was a brave and stul»-
born contest on the part of the Union
hoys and by far the bloodiest battle
the 3*>th was ever engaged, in our regi
ments’ casualties numbering about one
tbird of all those engaged. While the
battle was progressing our small force
was outflanked in the woods so that
we were completely surrounded at the
close, by a force, at least, five to one of
onrs. The 77tli Ohio and one section
of the Imttery, which was in the rec.r
of the long wagon, train did not reach
the scene of action, hut ali of these
commands who did not escape were
captured in detail. As prisoners, we
started about 5 p. M., of the 25th and
were marched all night, all next day
and until midnight of the 2«t:h. with
only short stops for rest and without
food, crossing the Ouchita at Morrow
landing. That was a hurned and ter
rible march and poor Thos. Hale, Capt.
of Co. “D,” from exhaustion, died sud
denly,'in the arms of a comrade.
The interesting incidents of that
battle and immediately following it,
would make an article longer than
this. Our mind reverts always with
pain to this terrible ordeal of the 38th
lowa and the gallant fellows who met
their death there. There it was that
John Harness, lately County liecorder,
got that cruelly deformed of his.
We h ive never been able to feel other
wise than that we were cruelly and
needlessly sacrificed, unless it was an
absolute necessity to save the balance
of Steele’s army. Following events
connected with Steele’s retreat show
pretty clearly that If Fagan’s force,
comprising the greater portion of
Price’s cavalry, haa not been engaged
with us and so been able to get in front
of Steele’s retreating army and partic
ipated in the battle of Jenkens Ferry
that Union victory might have been
turned into a rout.
Bm«kt Hon* In • Wiif**.
Louisvuxe, Ky.—Mr. J. Helm us.
Vice Presideut of the City Brewery,
was brought home in a wagon, carried
up stairs by two of his men and laid
on the bed. He was suffering with a
severe attack of rheumatism contracted
in the loe vaults of the brewery. He
refused to ha j a doctor, but dw patched
a servant for a bottle of St J aeobe Oil.
with the result that in one week he
was entirely cured and able to return
to his desk.
Judge Labour, of Des Moines, has
brought suit against Polk county to re
cover SU; >3d.30 due city from the
thecouniy on account of fines, fees, etc.,
collected by the latter and retained,
that should have been tui no;! over to
the city.
Itch. Prauus Maw* akd
SdnATcas of every kind cured in 10
minutes by Wool ford's v*nstory Ixitton.
Use no other. This never fulls. Sold
W. W

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