OCR Interpretation


The Oskaloosa herald. (Oskaloosa, Mahaska County, Iowa) 1885-1919, July 02, 1885, Image 1

Image and text provided by State Historical Society of Iowa

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87058308/1885-07-02/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

Professional Cards,
AdTMttonMKts uaderttU* bead will be okanred
at the foUowin* rare*:
Five boat «*r lea*, ear 7*»r #6 00
Back additional line- 1 OO
7 MEDICAL
A~cTwiUkl>:>, M. i K.
• oftct front room* over Golden ■ark'
Clocbtw ?«*♦• w «« <* *!«»*£ jkexkpoc
oo Bari Harrinoa strew opposite 0 P t-burcb.
Ty 7 TT MCALUSTKIL M. D„
W . Physician and Surgeon.
'orncaJ oparaii©..* of ttoe lye a *aertaJtj.
ONtv at New Sharoo. lowa. _ "
M joskpbinb tennet. ad.
• l*hrsician and Surgeon.
CM or IW weat Mb of IwWb , '"® r
I' tet Aaderaw a ■tiliavrv Wore «»
jvr. a. rox.
” Sfwcialiat in f 'aneera.
aad Cbrwou Dtwwm. OskakNwn. loaa OMce
at reaktowre. «• Nartb oae and tx-balf
blocks «•** vt Central lUalwa*. Hw
TiplT MILLAK-
W . Dentist.
omc* on aoutb **dv of xjuere over J. *» J«<wt
A to'i, (tor #t«*r» Nitron# OiMt <3 a* «aed
for painful opnrauofe*. mf
| v K M. L JAODOa,
U Surgeon Deutist.
OMce ta Kicbaar* Meek, oa H«k arwt
Oiktleno, lowa, aver J. W. Normas draff
Store. 1*
d \ 80. J. TURNER, >. I» .
Physician and Surgeon.
Oflce oa Market atre L over Borer A Barnet’
etore. Keseieoca two blocks toulk and two
btoeks weal of poetoOk-e. Ik
I vR. V. PAROUS.
Magnetic Healer.
o«ee at bis residence. throe blocks dingily
south of postoAce. »s prepared to treat all ilia
earn except deafness with reoeral sati'fac
tloo Terms. f 1« for » treatments. He wilt
vistri be found at borne. 1*
v K J. C. BA HKINGEK.
Physician and Surgeon,
■ )(ktlooM- lowa. OBi-e northeast corner cm
square, mkldk rooms up Maira tn new Maaooir
building oo lllfh street, 3 blocks
sa>( of square. Telephone connection at <
aiel residence with all parts of the city. I*
I vK W. M. WELLS.
* ' Catarrh. Throat Sc Lung Physician,
And Specialist tor Chronic Disease* generally.
Coac.uUat.on |>eraoiialijr or by letter. Office
ami Dt*peo*yar over Waya’ lirut Store, West
High Street Office hours iromt* to 14 A. ■.. and
fr> in lto jr m Consultation free. nIV
D A Horno M.D. K-C. Hotfma*. M. D.
■ vRS. D A. A H. C. HOFFMAN.
U Physicians and Surgeous.
Office two doors north of Simpeoa M. K.
church. near 8. E corner ot square. Oakalooaa.
low a Residence on Main street, three blocks
east of the public aquare. lftf
J. L- ' omn. J. s. Hodge
/ V>FFIN k HOI*GE,
Homeopathic Physicians St Surgeons.
Will atteml all calls, day or night. Office in
the Frenkel rooms in L'nton block. Dr. Coffin's
remdeoce. corner of Ellen * and Jefferson; Dr.
Hodge’a, residence on North Market Street, li*
ATTORIf EYS.
■ v M. I'ERDLE.
U* Attorney-at-Law,
ami Notary Public, Bose Hill. lowa. 18tf
w. s. Keswokthy. O. N. Downs.
U ENWOHTHV k DOWNS.
-*** Attorneys-at-Law,
Williams Block Oekalooea. lowa. SSylpd
I I cr ALL A JONKs.
Attorneys-at-Law.
Oakalooaa, lowa. Office over Golden Eagle
store. n*
T C. WILLIAMS.
** * Attorney-at-l^aw,
and Notary Public. Front room, up stairs. In
Park hurst's new building. Oakalooaa, la. lklf
/ v I.EASON lc HASKELL.
” Attorneys-at-Law.
Office in Pbcenlx block. Oskalooea. lowa.
Business promptly attended to. l*ti
JOHN A HOFFMAN,
** Attorney-at-1 .aw,
and Notary Public, office over Let i's store,
1 ‘skaiooea. lowa- lktf
I■ *H N O. MALCOLM,
** Attorney-ai-Law.
Collections promptly attended to. Office on
north side, over PrankeCs bank. 1*
JJOLTON k MCCOY,
** Attorneys-at-Law,
Oakalooaa. lowa Office over Knapp A Spald
ing's hardware store. is
J C. BLANCHAKD.
Attorney-at-Law,
Oakaloosa. lowa. Wll practice in ail the
oonrts Office over the Oakaloosa National
Bank. Iktf
I ' M. DAVENPORT.
* Attorney-at-1 .aw,
Oskaiooaa, lowa. Business attended to in both
State and Federal t ourta. Office, rooms 1 ami
*, over A M. Abrahaoi> atore. north side >i
Oko. W. Larrairrr. Uio C. Miis<<*k.
f APPEKTY k MORGAN.
Attorneys-at-Law,
Office over <>sk • kK>sa National Bank. Oska
icaaa lowa 1* |
C, P. Skaat-k. L. A Bom.
OEARLK A BOOTT.
Attorney s-at-1 dtw.
an-i Notaries Public Office first door west oi
Kf oideri office. National Bank building,
Oakalooea. lowa. I*U
I* oHEKT KI9BKK,
* 1 Attornev-at-l.aw,
an i Notary Public, Oakaloosa. lowa. Office in
Centennial block, over Frankel’s clothing
store, north side square. Practice in ail of the
courts ol the State. 1*
JOHN P. LACEY.
** Attorney-at-Law,
and government claim agent Office in Boyer j
A liaroeV block, Oakeiooaa, lowa. Prumpt at- I
lent kid given to collections. Probate busmeas
will receive careful attention. Husioeas at- j
tended to iB the (J. S. and State courts. ihtf
I >HILLIPS A GKEEIL
Attorneys-at-Law,
ami » otieotioc Agents. Atteml to any legal
trasunw In ibe state and Federal Courts en
trusted to t beat. i »ffi< e over N. Oppenbetmer
A Co’s boot ami -hoe store. south aide of
Oekalouea. lowa. IWf
Itsu i taaoa Dabikl Davis.
p. r evam.
CIARKOI.L, DAVIS A EVANS.
J Attorueys-al-l^aw.
Oakalooaa. lowa, will practice in ail courts.
Col lectio ns made a special feature Office over
Prankel A Co"a.. Bank. Urancb office at Nt-w
Sharon. IS
J. A L. CmMiKHaH. J.O.tvsiißta.
SiKOOKHAM A < KOOK HAM.
Attorneya-at-lasw,
Oskaiooaa. lowa. Office over Mahaaka County
Hash, southwest comer public square Col
lections made aad remitted promptly Coovey
am inw done. I»
MONEY. LAND, *«.
Israel M. Gibbs, Broker.
Luaa* of all kioU* o«roU*U*L Mercantile
p»p.r boocfct and eold. K‘«.m t, over Partner*
Trader*' Haok. Oakaiooaa, lowa. Ikf
JOHN F. HUTS LAID AGENCY.
I have oa my book* a large number of farm*
a»d bo earn in Iowa; atoo many ibouaaod acre*
ot wild land. If yon have real retain u> aell or
vet to bey, glv* me a call. I pay taaee la aat
part of the Male. Conveyancing done. Other
to Beyer t Bvroea' Mock. Oakalooaa. lowa.
Uoe hundred Okie bo lding lota ie Looey * addi
tion to«aekaioooa. 1*
Zd&nd Agency.
Farms and Town Property for
Bale, Taxe*i Paid, and
Conveyancing Done.
OAoeover Unkalooaa National Bank
MU lafm y A Mont an.
7M. E. BENNETTr
Heel Estate &Loao Apit.
MONET TO LOAX
fa largo or enaß amount*, on eng or abort
Uw MU
BIOOgOOO ta BIOODOO
Money to Loan t
At Six Per Cent Aunnal
lutereai, /
on I year* “ to loan* of MM and npvarda;
rr? Zttft gS*,— *** Wm ° r * *"
iW JOHN P. HIATT.
Residence and Garden
Mil! Fin Hitt Fir Sail.
ssH&svS&SSsrV
< Cea»MMbMC*I » r.. tmt
Mm * inoil—l far Aomen *adg W*M far
2tunuG«, a*um am capture «n-
MMi mewmii
Underlaid with Goal !
““‘cfc*as?fa»t*«Ma*. t
:W, NUMBER 45.
void.
BANKING.
J. A. L. oaooca&H. H S. Howard,
I* resident V.-Pren.
ioas K Barm an. c ashier.
IABASKA COUNTY BANK,
Of OWAIXXiSA, IOWA.
Organised Under the State Laws.
PAID DP CAPITAL. *IOO,OOO.
Stockholder* liable for daahle the amoaat
of Capital >t©ek
DlllcrMA:
J. A. L. Crookham. W. A. Seev-ra. John O
Malcolm. Milton Crook ham Jacob Veraoa.
W.c. Kkinehart. K. Kelnto. W.C.
garland. John Voorbeea.
Jobs Nash, sad
IS H. S. Hu war
Wi H. SnrvrßA, n. W. Doann.
Pres. W. A. Lirdlt. V.-Pres.
Cashier.
—THE—
Ostaloosa National Bank,
OP 08KA1.00SA. IOWA.
IX HECTORS:
Wa. H Skevkbs. J. w. McMrtxia.
J. H. Gkebn, D. W Lobino,
11. L. Hpkkcbk, M L. Lari.
Jam as MoCclloch.
CORRESPONDENTS:
first National Bank, New York.
Oilman. Son A 00., New York
First National Bank, Chicago.
Hide A ? rather Nat'! Bank, CtaiehffO.
If Davenport Nht'l Bask. Davenport
BANKING HOUSE
-OF
FRANKEL, BACH 4 CO.
The Oldest Bank in Mahaska County.
Will receive deposits and transact a general
bankinjr exchange, and collection buslneas, the
same as an Incorporated bank
exchange on all the principal cities of the
United States and all ettiea of Kurope bought
and sold at sums to suit the purchasers.
Passage tickets to and from all points in
Europe for sale at the lowest rates.
Collections will receire prompt attention.
We do a strictly legitimate banking business,
and give the wants of customers special at
tention . 1* t
JMO SIBBRD, J NO. H. WARREN,
President. Cashier.
L. C. Blanchard. tice-Prealdent. .
The Farmers’ & Traders’
NATIONAL BANK,
OF obkaloosa. IOWA.
CAPITAL 1100,000.
DIRECTORS;
Jno. Siebel, L. C. Blanchard,
T. J. Black stone. U. B. McPall.
H. W McNeill. Matthew Ptcken
P. W. Pbillipa, Peter Stumps,
J. 8 Whitmore.
CORRESPONDENTS:
First National Bank. Chicago.
Metropolitan National Bank. New York
I9tf Valley National Bank. St. Louis.
Cowan & Hambleton’s
Loan & Abstract Office.
*200.000 to loan at 6 percent interest on live
years time; borrower having the op
tion to pay part or all of prin
cipal alter first year.
We also hare a complete set of Abstract Books
of all
Lands and Town Lots
In Mahaaka County, lowa.
ABSRACTS OF TITLE MADE ON SHORT
NOTICE.
• •fflor in front room of new Masonic building,
north-east comer of Public Square
nls OS K A Loos A. IOWA.
MACHINERY.
VERNON’S
MACHINE WORKS,
Oskaloosa, lowa,
W. E. VERNON, Prop.,
MANOrACTCKIIt or~-
STEAM ENGINES,
From line to Twelve Horse Power.
Machinists’ Supplies,
Including Shafting*. Puiieya, Leather and Rub
ber Belling. Meant Fittings, etc , etc.,
luralt-hed on short notice and at
very reasonable rates.
JOB WORK
of all kiuda neatly and quickly done, ( all on
me before you buy anything lu m;r line.
Shop# One Block North of Kh
ebange Block.
nl*tf W. E. VERMON.
PRICE LIST
Seevers & Neagle’s
PRICE LIST.
IS lies Granulated Sugar SI.OO i
13 10s Standard A Sugar 1.00 |
14 lbs Extra C Sugar. 1.00
8 lbs tiood Green Coffee 1.00
8 lljet Good Brown Coffee 1.00
i lb Can Best Full Weight Baking
Powder. 25
1 lb Desiccated Cocoa nut 30
1 lb Good Young Ilyson Tea 30
1 lb Fancy Mixed Tea 50
3) kinds of Canned Goods, iter can 10
1 lb Sainton. 15
2 lbs Sainton. 25
Celebrated White Rose Flour, per
.•tack. 1.35
30 Bars White Russian Soap I.o*
All Standard Brands I Mug Tobac
co, per lb 50
Earthenware, 3 gallons for 25
Southwest Corner Pub
lic Square. *yi
GROCERIES.
H.Snyder&Son,
-DBA LABS IN—
GROCERIES
Will aell an ci>«ap a* any other houae Ie the
city. If you want a aack of th
BEST FLOOR!
la the city, call oa us.
Everything Fresh.
id H. Snyder A Son.
BEAL ESTATE.
COWAN A HAMBLETON’S
Seal Eilati & Laii ion
077X01.
Worth anoi mranr rafale Square, front room*
on aanond hoar of the new Mneonlc bulldog
The follow tog nrs n few of the may bargain*
that we have la Boat Beta!*, fa Oskatooaa and
I Mahnnka county; MM rmtdeD** lota which wm
vw wfl for from H» in gifao apfaea; aU aw
I thus If part i— build
Nn.^&ilL —Lot and buna* with four rooam.
Ha. ga-Ul and hauaa with four room#
rnwTffao
■o., too-
Um. I*** H>X —T I— fc. IW
■u. t*aSp. >k —r —. v
Wy ISA Let and iwo wary he war Pitas
ItRiW aaraa af good, wttd land far
fL*4|L„ .
MISCELLANEOUS.
Horse shoring.
Tolbert A Miller, Blacksmiths,
at their old stand west of PostoSoe, will do
Shoeing as low as any other shop In Oakaloo
•A. Ik
OSKALOOSA ENCAMPMENT, MO. 18, 1. O.
O. P. meets on Brut and card Monday
eveomga of each month, at Odd I allows Hall.
Visiting Patriarchs cordially invited to attend.
B. L. Harvey, C. P
B. 8. Harbocr. Scribe. *6
Mahaska lodge no. m. i. o. o. p„
irrets every Saturday craning at the Odd
Fellows' Hail, oae block north of the Pot o*c«
Vletting brothers cordially invited to atteod.
I HAM- Wrat. W. L Host,
Secretary. 151 J N. G.
j iHAK. W. TKACY.
Civil Engineer.
ORtoa and rre'deir-e on High street. S blocks
*a*t of Conrt House. Uiktksaa, lowa. Sttf
City and Farm
Surveying asd Drainage.
Roads and Drains staked out and Grades es
tablished. Plats showing beildints fence*, lo
entton and grade of drains, axes of tile to lie
used. etc. Landscaplnff sad drafting. Cones
poadenoe solicited.
SToIMIkKD, i OhiaunMi lows.
I RVKVOR. t OBoe west of J.W. Corner
of Public Square. nm f
Dma^lu^)
iVaVtC. WATER* PROOF, £2
orratUr. I« sl«. A M H*TITI TK f»r l*t. INTER
at Hslf the last. o<iUmo hr huU.llac CARPETS
ud RI'US um. fetlr Hr >mt •( all cloUi. Catalo(e#
grsj. S. RICHARDSONS^
WHITAIEB k SBRIYEB,
Booksellers, Stationers,
AND
Wall Paper Dealers,
1117 West High St,
Otkalonaa. lowa. 19
C. LADYNSKI,
THE OLD KBUALB
Boot k Shoe Mannfacturor,
Has reopened his shop at his old stand, second
door west of the Burnett House, where 1
would be pleased to see all my old customers
and all others that may favor me with a call.
Many years of experience has enabled me to
please the most fastidious.
PINE SEWED WORK A SPECIALTY.
REPAIRING NEATLY DONE.
mf C. LADTNSKI.
M. DERMODY,
contractor for
Strain Heating, Plumbing,
AID
GAS FITTING.
Agent for the Haxloti Base Burning Boilers;
dealer In Iron Pipe. Fittings and Brass Goods
Lead Pipe, Rubber Hose. Packing. Iron and
Wood Pumps, Sewer Pipe, Gas Fixtures, Ac.
No. 214 Wert High Street,
19 Oskaloo*a, lowa.
COAL.
Try the COAu from John Burdess’ New Shaft.
It Is of good quality and gives general
satisfaction. All orders left at
A. W. MAKTINBTEIVS STORK
ou the southeast corner of the square, or at
W A. SRBVERS’ STORE.,
on the southwest corner of the square, or at
DAVID CONFER S STORE
on High street, will receive prompt attention.
This mine is on the Beacon road one mile from
town. nJSyI
Yoons Bolls For Sale!"
The undcraigned has three young. Short Horn
Bulls - fine young animals which will he sold
cheap Also has some pure Poland ' hiuasows
with pig, by ' DECATI'H,” a < clehr»le«l hog
from Iliiooia Cali at farm mile north ol Fair
Groiimla.
3itf N. W. HUSSEY.
FISH!
I have on hand a fine lot of pure young
German Carp
for stocking ponds.
For Fish 3 inches long and under, ft(>' per
dozen. Per hundred *2.AO net.
Pond miles north of Fremont.
Aildress
ISAAC N. GAKRIOTT
41 wt Fremont, Mahaska county, lowa.
Henry Walling,
Dealer in
Building Material of all Kinds,
and contractor of
BRICK AND RUBLE STONE
WORK.
Outruns, Flues and Cellars
Built uo abort notice Also have good Brick
for sale at lowest market price
nl‘Kf Oakslooaa lowa
FAMILY GROCERIES.
FOR
Fresh Family and Fancy
Croceries.
Queensware and Glassware,
Provisions of All Kinds
AND
FRESH VEGETABLES,
In their seaaoo, go to
A. W. MARTINSTEIN.
W Southeast Corner of Square.
Canoers Cured!
Dr. S. Cox, Oskaloosi lova,
havmg had over twentv years* experience In
the treatment of t enders, flatters himself that
be understand* hia l iaioeea. also that he can
CUBE all rases that Ire OL’KA BLR. with but
llUle pain, aad no occasion for using the kntie.
Office on North street, one and one-half blocks
east of Central Hallway. Mol
L. Cook Sc Son,
Steam Plow Shops.
We make a SPECIALTY of
Plow, Reaper, and all kinds of
Farm Machinery
Repairing.
Goods war ranted to give eau.faction is all
erne*. Coma la and aee aa aad
give us a trial.
«*f L. Cook 6c Son.
If You Hffiwe Any Models
to Moke for Potent
Office.
OR AMY OTHER —-
WORE on MACHINERY
Requiring skill, eoaault
E. A. Hormbobtel,
AT TBS
Power Homo. West Room, eoos
Prim ol Fin tiaruci
tAsa aafisa nw to property owners, but It
paaaa ef proper iasurasie had tjet
ler be disposed ttf and tha capi
tal smyleyad la ft aseaaaly
la vested in fteeuritiee
yiatdtfipr« fsa* araffit. hut svhieh aanaot ha4a>
mgepad by ire, to tomrk looms* Tooa
P Mnmtv of pi out of ond
stoew Maim ha hi* you get the
mo i« MR * whhch aaa atwapa ha ah-
Tftnri trmm
GBAJRLEB PHELPS’
The
BUSINESS COLLEGE
J/O OSKALOOSA s?r /?/?
OSKALOOSA. IOWA.v^/
ESTABLISHED IN ISSS.
->.4 S(M TWmcUt {*r ISce Train**
Beofc-Keeping by Actual Business Practice.
TELE6SAPN DEPARTMENT. WITH SEVERAL MILES
OF CITY LINE
BHORTHANO tao TYP£-WRITING tr t PRACTICAL REPORTER.
NORMAL PENMANSHIP DEPARTMENT.
Ikbhtartaeit of our srbool booeof the best In tho
railed State*, under the charge of Prvffcaaor Wura, one
of the SIMM penmen la the world Send 6 oenU fbr beau
tiful geanmi of tua work direct front the pen
All <ntr drgartni.-at* are •uprriuleuded by practical
teachen uf long experience. Add re*.
W. L. HOWE. A A. WESCO,
DEESB MAKING.
DRESSMAKING!
Mrs. E. M. Thomas
Desiree to thank her many friends and pal runs
for their liberal patronage In the past, and
to solicit s -hare of their order* la
the future, utou to announce
that she has on
hand samples
ol all
Imported anil Domestic
Dross Goods,
From which to Make Selections.
All the New and Leading Styles.
Satisfaction Guaranteed.
Price* are much lower tbt» year than ever be
fore.
Mrs. E. M. Thomas ,
East Main street. First Door Hast of Masonic
*1 Opera House
GRAIN.
J. H. Sheak,
DKALBR in
GKRrJLIIfcT,
Will pay the highest market prLfe in Cash
For all kinds ol Grain.
YOU WILL FIND THK
ELEVATOR
<*■ the Central of lowa Bail way Track, West
High Street, Oskaloosa. lowa. alt
VAPOR BATHS.
• TJ «
I f" . © jh
r-r-1 * 5- . * . n
e—» • • f >< -
m £ >* “ * xs g J
f 1 111 S | I
SS £1 rs?l- §sg I
gu Si
' PQ
pffiArn) • (0
SBB 2i® 8© Sly*
C 3; • »a- _ w GO C S Jtf
< 2 |
f£) | oci® o CO I S t
= HI & Q | So
o 2 21® .c w J
<ls* £ 8 ◄e |
=•3 a*o S g |
e—• K © »*o *** s £
cl=> o £■£• s 5
►—=l O3* S t a
exa < s 2
LUMBER.
—s»
_ eQ u
« I
iii H
*Z g si > j
0 C S s* 5 s
Ot> O 4 • 8
• s °o 3- i
Of so g-^sl
Si 6 M -S o ® 2
•3 ! 4 6 t k I
I*o 2 J,
,Z ° % I<2S 1!
U A j u* si
H -2 J =2 =
* % S 5 S
X % 1 e =lf
H be C J 1
A ja ot
Uj a.
« a '
2 1 03 . i
SI'TH *!
3*15 !
W | ,1 H
Hi eg H
• g i fl a
o a i oi :
O'g I |l-.|
<)f * m=3 g "g i E ;
oc fi ms 1-Z -o •?!
a -a £ :f *IH
>! s i!sj I |tl
£ 5 s eHi
i 1 111
• £2 ¥ % 111
OB lg|i
QlWtlU NOTICE.
To Mraes M Ban:
Von am tuasffiy Aortfiad that os or haibea tka
MM 4my of Jam. 1 , a parttton of J. C. Moca
WtU M fllod la the office of Mm work of
a Circuit Cant of the State ef lowa, la
tor lUpffia osmaty. ffiffiffig of tpoa a
Awe*, aa tha freaad of adultery, |ad that
•mTAaOMIar tam.
it
g ~ ; .'Y - -jikAi
Oskaloosa
OSKALOOSA, MAHASKA COUNTY, IOWA, THURSDAY. JULY 2, 1885.
MEDICAL,
iHnwiiMniwiimmmiwnwuu
--RIDOP
RHEU/WISfl
What a Messed thing It Is to be tree from
pain, after protracted Buffering! The flrat night of
sleep after the pain to over la aa the vtott of augela
The flrat day of freedom from Buffering eete the re
lieved man on foot hi a new atmosphere of rejoicing
Philosophers have said that pain Is a bleating
But Lf ao, it to one of the bloaalngs that we are all the
tbue wanting to be rid of. And when we are rid of
fl. we hardly know bow to express our delictit
Some of the worst pains known to suffering
humanity are those of Rheumatism and Neuralgia.
Tor now it, if you have fait them
Do yon want to be rid of Rheumatism ?
Do y tnt to be rid of Neuralgia?
/iJHjLOpIHOROS
will cure you. Athlophorob is a new rem
edj% but it has been so well tried that there is
no risk about it. It has cured old and chronic
cases which the doctors had failed to relieve.
Whether your Rheumatism and Neuralgia are
of recent date or of long standing. Atblovhobos
will cure them. You may douM this because you have
tried e great many other things that have failed, but
your expo-line am prove its truth
If you cannot gv vruLormoao* of your dracriet,
we will seed It express paid, oa receipt of regular
price one dollar per bottle We prefer that you buy
It from ywar druggist, but If he hasn't It. do not be
persuaded to fey something rise, but ordsr at once
from us as directed.
ITROPHOROS CO., it} KILL ST., MW TOM
CHOLERA is rapidly mov
mg westward and will soon
appear in this country. In
order to prevent disastrous
effects from its ravages every'
preventive should be em
ployed, ana the system
should be in perfect condi
tion. At this season of the
year the system is in a weak
state and easily susceptible
to dangerous disease. - Pain
in the back, weariness, las
situde, headache, dyspepsia,
indigestion, kidney and liver
complaints are but the result
of neglect During the last
visitation of cholera to this
country' no medicine was
found equal to Mishler s
Herb Bitters, both as a pre
ventive and cure, and it has
been equally successful in
all the diseases above men
tioned. It renews and in
vigorates the blood, restor
ing to health and strength,
and thus shielding the
system from disease.
Ask your druggist for Mishixx Hub Brrms.
lf he does not keep it do not tak* anything ala*, bo*
Med s postal card to MMHunt Hr kb Brrru*
00, Mi Gommcre* Street. Philsdalth*!
CARTER'S
SPITTLE < TSimL-«i
CURE
Blck Hredarhe and relieve all the troubles Inci
dent to s bilious state of the system, such as Dis
xiness, Nsnsea, Drowsiness, Distress after eating,
Pain in the Side, Ac. While their most remark
able success ha* been shown in curing
SICK
Headache, jrt Carter’* Little Liver Pill*are equally
Ttillable in Constipation, coring and preventing
thi* annoying complaint, while th- y alwo correct
all disorders of the atomach, stimulate the liver
and regulate the bowels. Uvea If they only cored
HEAD
Ache they would be almost priceless to those who
suffer from this distmwing complaint; Lit fortu
nately their good nos* doe* not end here, and those
who once try them will And these little pill* vain*
able In *o many ways that they win not be willing
to do without them. But after all sick head
ACHE
la the bane of so many lives that here la where we
make our great boast. Our pills core it while
other* do not
Carter’* Little Liver pm* are very email and
very easy to take. One or two pills make a dose.
They are strictly vegetable ana do not gripe or
purge, but by their gentle action please all who
use them. In vial* at US cento; flve for tl. Bold
by druggists everywhere, or sent by maiL
CARTER HEDimS CO., New York.
St. Louis & Si Paul Packet Co.
Mia
THE GREAT WATER ROUTE TO THE
BUMMBR RBSORTB of the GOLDEN
NO RTH-WEST.
~JrfVAms AND TOUktSTS,
HiALtHa»J PLEASURE should tair out of
ti* sid£*h££l sTtAMmrzftkinst
■PBCIAL EXCURSION TICKETS TO
BT. PAUL, MINNEAPOLIS,
LAKE MINNETONKA, DULUTH,
WHITE BEAR LAKE AND ALL
POUTS oa the GREAT SOBTHEMT LAKES
THEE TABLE or THE LIGHTED, v EXPRESS AND
PASSENGER STEAMER, GEM CITY.
Iw- 8l Loni*. every To**., Thur*. sod Set. 44* p. a*.
- Rar.nibaL'Mo. svery W*d. Pri aSud. 4-00* m.
• Goiney, Hi. “ “ T*> “
" l*Ona», Mo. « « “ « »■» -
• Cm* too. Mo. u « ■ w ojn ■
■ ASenodri*. Mo. “ * “ 11 JO •
■ Vnww.S •• • • “11 U “
An. Ksokok lowa, “ “ “ ‘ U»m.
Lv C«knk,l..m -tfSSm I!*£?£
“ wnw.fi. at - I***“ B<t •
“ Alexandria. Mo., si -S JO “ MM M
“ Guam, Mo., at - «J* “ :. »m.
• LsGrang.. Mo ,*1 -i« “ 1.00 p.m.
“ flaLlil. M*' St * *3B •• *«0 “
An. SL Louis. Tnss. Thsn a Sat SJ* ml
Pse Ezesntoa kook, ana iwn, oweroom*. rwrun
•nd Pnifht Rate,, sod other lafenrmlioa, sddreu
E. C. VAN NOBT, C. A. HUTCHINSON.
AST., QUINCY, ILL tor., KEOKUK. IOWA.
B. A. SNOWDON,
•nt't PAM, AOT.,
Bt. Louie, Mo.
OCPLBT.
DR. J. W. MORGAN,
Eye And Ear Physician.
OBKALOORA, IOWA. IB
„ ... j».
m 1" r
JEANETTE EXPEDITION.
A Graphic Description of this
AND TnE GRRET.Y EXPEDITIONS IN
the Interests of Science and
Geography .
Read before the Heim College SeientiHe Amnei
atton, by A. C. Johnetm.
THE DEPARTURE.
The ship Jeanette was tilted out for
Arctic exploration by James Gordon
Bennett, of the New York Herald, and
sailed from San Francisco, August 8,
1879. She was commanded by Lieut.
DeLotig and live ottieers of the United
SLites navy, carried two scientists, and
w;is manned by twenty-four men.
Touching at St. Michaelo, Alaska, she
took aboard forty dogs and two Eskimo
drivers. She passed Behring’s Strait
on the 28th, and coasting to the west
ward along the north coast of Siberia
came upon Nordenskjoid’s winter
camp. From this point she was headed
toward Wrangell Land. On Septemlier
6 DeLong found what he consideied
the lead lietween the Siberian and
American ice-packs, sailed into it, and
that night the ship was frozen in at a
jtoint about twenty-eight miles north
west from Herald Island. From this
time until July 11, 1881, the unfortu
nate crew lived
SURROUNDED BY ICE.
The vessel was in constant danger of
being stove in by the enormous pressure
of the ice. In November the ice be
gan to break up and halt the tloe split
away Laving the ship turned on her
starboard bilge. She then got adrift,
hut was soon frozen in .. d suf
fered greater pressure from the ice
than before. The deck planks would
break from their fastenings and the
ship’s joints would snap like rides.
Dogs and sledges wer< kept ou the ice
in readiness for departure, and at night
the men would lie down beside their
knapsacks, expecting the ''rush at any
moment. In January, ISBU, the vessel
sprung a leak, and for sixteen weary
months the pumps had to he kept going
almost constantly. It was hoped that
at the o|iening of summer the ice
would break up and free the ship, hut
the hope was vain. The doe was found
to lie drifting quietly hack over its own
path. On July 11,1881, Delxing, con
sidering the crush imminent, ordered
his men from the ship, and none to
soon. Slowly her sides gave way, a
towering mass of ice rose over her, and
she was
HI’KIED FOREVER.
After a weary struggle, with hardship*
and suffering* which will never be told,
they reached open water. For a hun
dred days they continued their course
to the southwest, sometimes in the
open boats; sometimes over the ice,
dragging the boats after them; often
wet, always hungry and hopeful. On
the night of September 12 the three
boats were separated. The one com
manded by Lieut. Danenhower and En
gineer Melville, landed near the mouth
of the Lena river four days later, and
her crew succeeded in reaching Bolo
neuga. DeLong’s boat succeeded in
reaching land, but his crew reached no
inhabited spot. The dead bodies of
the party were afterward foind iu a
search gotten up and led by Melville.
Lieut. Chip’s boat w;ts never seen after
the gale. Lieut. Danenhower and Dr.
Newcomb proceeded to Petersburg,
where they were honored in all circles,
and were received on May 2 by the
Czar ;uid Czarina. At the present
time Melville is fitting out an expedi
tion which he promises to conduct to
the pole by the way of Franz Josef
Land.
GREELY EXPEDITION.
An International Geographical Con
gress met in Hamburg, in October, 1879,
and recommended the establishment of
fifteen permanent stations in the Arc
tic regions for work in exploration.
Ten countries were to take part in the
work. The share allotted to the United
States was to establish two stations,
one at St. Harrows, and the other at
Discovery Harbor, latitude 81 degs., 20
minutes; longitudeß4 degs.. 58 minutes
west of Greenwich. All the stations
save only one t?ere established success
fully and without accident; but the
history of that one is among the sad
dest chapters in the history of Arctic
discovery. On August 12,1881, a party
in command of Lieut. A. W. Greely,
assisted by Lieuts. Killingsburv and
Lockwood, twenty-five souls in all, dis
embarked from the ship Proteus, at
Discovery Hay, established their sta
tion and named it Fort Conger. The
Proteus sailed on her return trip Au
gust 20. An attempt to reach this sta
tion in 1882, by a party on Imard the
Neptune, failed, and in 1883 the ship
Proteus sank in a like attempt off Cape
Sabine, about two hundred miles below
Fort Conger, having cached a store of
provisions on the opposite side of the
channel, at Littleton Island. Alone
and remote from civilization Greely’s
brave band began their explorations.
Mercury averaged for the winter of ’Bl,
48 degs. below zero, the lowest degree
reached being 00. During the two
years of their stay at Fort Conger, they
made some very positive additions to
geography. They crossed Grinnell Land
to its west coast, which was found to
trend almost south from Cape Alfred
Ernest, and looked out on the polar
sea. From a cliff twenty-two buudred
feet high they saw that the lai.d termi
nated to the northward in a high prom
ontory sixty miles distant, and named
it Cape Brainard, for one of the men
To the southwest they descried land and
called it A rthur Land. In the interior a
LAKE SIXTY MILES LONG BY TEN WIDE
was found, fed by ice, and was called
Lake Ha/en. Vegetation was scanty,
but there were traces of the musk ox
and bear; some small game and a few
wild ducks and birds, some familiar in
ornithology amUome unknown, were
found. On Mfly 13, ’B2, Lieut, i/ock
wood and Sargeant Brainard reached
and named Lockwood Island, lat. 83
degs., 24 mins.; long. 44 degs., 5 mins.:
and from an elevation made out and
named a point, Robert Limxtln, lat. 83
ileus., 35 mins.; long. 38, the highest
latitude yet seen by man. The next
highest, 83 degs., 20 mins., is that
reached by Markham in 1816. England
is compelled, for the first time in three
centuries to yield the honor of having
gone lartlierest in these north explora
tions. Much valuable scientific knowl
edge was also obtained. On August 9,
’B3, having successfully completed their
observations, Greely and his party,
with a steam launch and three small
boats in tow, left Fort Conger on the
return trip. They were five days frozen
in the ice before they reached Cape
Lawrence, gained Cape Hawkes on the
26th, and took in some provisions left
by the English. Soon after leaving the
place an ice-pack closed around them
and they drifted with it to a point just
south of Victoria Head, where they
were compelled to
ABANDON ALL THEIR BOATB
but one, which they dragged over the
ice toward Cape Sabine at the rate of
about a mile a day, on a aled made of
the timber of the launch. Finally the
large sled which carried the boat weak
ened, aid it had to be abandonee.
Heavy southwest gales arose, broke the
ice-floe badly, and twice drove the
party back into Kane Basin. But, final
ly, on Sept. 22, the party drifted into
Baird’s Inlet, on a piece of ice not
more than fifty yards in diameter, and
forced a landing on its north shore,
Sept. 29. They expected to find at Cape
SaDine food in the cache there, and,
possibly, a rescuing party; but they
found neither, and it was indeed a
dreary prospect which was before them.
At Point Sabine a small sfeue of pro
visions had been cached by Beechy in
1382, and in 1888 a small amount had
oeen taken ashore here from the Pro
teus, before she sank, and at Po'nt Isa
i>e!ia, Nares had left 144 pounds in 76.
To be nearer these supplies they made
their way northward to Camp Olay, a
little west of Gape Sabina, and built a
bat of stones, roofed it with s broken
whale boat and canvas and banked it
with snow. Moisture from the
log now oompelled them early in the
next May to abandon this snd occupy
a tent higher on the hillside, where the
relief party found them. An inven
tory of their stuck of provisions Octo
ber U, ’BB. whan they established their
camp, showed that by reducing the
daily ration to 14.88 ox. there would ro
mainid^MiMrdh
■ •*- ■- .' i * "ri- , -
Herald.
the channel, where food was stored.
On November 4 Ureelv sent four men
to Cape Isabella, a distance of twenty
five miles, nfter the meat left there by
the English. During the trip one of
the men, Ellison, froze both hands and
feet so that he lost them all. Violent
gales kept the channel open all winter,
and having no boats they were unable
to reach the food on the other side.
Came failed them after February I, and
the daily allowance was reduced to six
ounces. The
LAST REOULAK FOOD WAS ISSUED
May 14. and the subsistence of those
who remained alive until July 22d, was
minute shrimps, thirteen hundred of
which filled a gallon measure, seaweed,
sassafras, rock lichens, and soup made
of stri|»sof their seal skin clothing,
with the hair burned off. The whole
par'., reached Camp Clay alive and
well. The first death was from scur
vy. Six or the men died in April, four
in May, nine in June—nineteen in all
—two of them Eskimo. One of the
men was shot for mutiny and theft.
Rice, the photographer, died April 9.
lleand Fredericks volunteered to make
a journey of twenty-live miles where
some meat was supiiosed to be cached.
They had a sled, ritle, hatchet, and pro
visions for five days. After three days
of travel they failed to Und tin* cache.
On their way back to camp Rice be
came exhausted, sickened and died, and
was buried in an ice grave by his com
panion. t* redericks passed the night
by the grave sheltered by a piece of an
old boat, and next morning, having
paid the last tribute of respect to his
frien', continued his way to camp.
When the rescuing party, with two
ships, the Thetis and Bear, commanded
by Capt. Schley and Lieut. Enery, in
company with eight whalers, reached
them, the seven survivors, four of them
too weak to walk,were huddled together
under their tent, which the gale had
blown down over them, and which
they were unable to right. lA>ng and
Brainard were the first to
HEAR THE STEAMER WHISTLE,
and helped each other to get clear of
the tent. When Long got clear of it
he ruse to his feet with difficulty and
climlied up on a rock, which gave the
tx-st view of the neighborhood, Brain
ard going back into the tent Long
looked eagerly out upon the channel
for the ships which he could hear but
not see, and at last made out a dark
object approaching the shore. Hasten
ing from the rock he raised their tlag,
which the wind had hlowu down, and
held it aloft almut two minutes, when
his strength failed and it was again
blown to the ground. He then tottered
toward the shore, and soon the warm,
strong hand of Dr. Ash gras|»ed his in
greeting. Connell, who was the weak
est of the party, had for several days
no recollection of what occurred at the
time of the rescue. When his compan
ions aroused him from the stupor
which was coming over him and told
him that succor was at hand, he be
sought them to let him die in peace.
Forty-eight hours delay would have
been fatal to the whole party. The
Thetis and Bear lay at>out three hun
dred yards off shore. A fearful gale
was blowing from the southwest. The
sufferers had to be taken in their sleep
ing bags to the steam launch, and by it
to the ships, and it seemed at one time
that they must inevitably be swamped
by the heavy sea. At last they were
placed aboard the rescuing squadron
and every means taken to secure their
recovery. Ellison was one of the sur
vivors, but amputation had become im
perative, and he died at (iodhaven,
July 6, tiiree days after the operatiou.
Twelve bodies of the dead were taken
from their ice graves near the camp.
The other five had l*een carried away
by wind and current. The two Eski
mo were faithful and efficient servants
to Greely. One of them was drowned
while seal hunting, the other died of
starvation and was buried in the west
of Greenland, at the request of the in
spector there.
RESULTS
During the winter Greely discovered
that Cape Sabine is a point of an island
and not of the maiu land, as was sup
posed, and the passage between is now
called Rice Strait, in honor of the dead
photographer. That this expedition
was a failure can scarcely be true. In
deed, if it be considered from the side
of geographical and scientific discov
ery it was a decided success. Although
the value of the discoveries can not be
considered commensurate with the cost,
let it be remembered that Lieut. Greely
successfully finished his two years’ ob
servations without the loss of a man,
without accideut, without sickness, and
even without severe frost bites. It was
only after they reached Camp Clay that
they su..ered. 'Had the government
ship been able to reach them at Fort
Conger or even to have stored food in
the cardies at Point Sabine, all would
nave l»een well. Where the blame
lies is hard to say, but praise is indeed
due to Greely and his men. If any one
of the fifteen exiieditions must fail, it
is not at all surprising that this, in a
latitude three degrees higher than any
other, should be the one. For a long
time the English had a monopoly of
names in the Arctic regions. Only
names of their explorers and naval
heroes dotted the map. Within the
last fifteen years America has stamped
it with numerous names of her great
men, and our national vanity is espe
cially gratified by seeing the name
Cape Robert Lincoln atop of them all.
Arctic Explorations.
BY A. C. JOHNSON.
Read before the Penn College Scien
tific Association.
Curiosity and the desire of gain have
led men to many wonderful undertak
ings; among other things to make more
than two hundred expeditions to the
icy seas. In this paper only a few of
these can be mentioned, and that but
briefly.
These expeditions were first only
voyages along the north shores of
Euroi»e and America with a view to
finding some shorter route to the east.
Not till 1603 did the first exploring ex
pedition, of one vessel, the “God-speed,'
commanded by Stephen Bennett, start
on a voyage of northern discovery; and
this as well as the subsequent expedi
tions of Bennett were more devoted to
walrus hunting than to geographical
discovery.
In the year 1610 Henry Hudson, after
having spent three years in search of a
NORTH HAST PASSAGE,
sailed westward through the strait and
into the bay which now bear his name.
After his supply of provisions was al
most gone, he resolved to hazard still
another winter, on account of which
his men mutinied, and he and hi» son
with a few adherents were placed in a
small boat at the mercy of wind and
waves and left to perish while his shipe
sailed away.
Between the years 1610 and 1615 the
Muscovy Company sent out seven ex
peditions, one of which was Baffin’s,
who discovered the northern outlet to
the bay which bears his name. All
these expeditions brought back cargoes
of seal skins, oil, teeth, etc., which aid
ed greatly in defraying the expense of
their outfit.
From this time till the reign of George
111 the spirit of Arctic discovery
seemed dead. In 1773 Phipps led an
expedition of two vessels, fitted out by
the Admiralty for scientific purposes,
and reached latitude 80 deg., 48 min.,
northwest of Hpitzbergen.
In 1806 Scoreaby reached a point
north of Spitsbergen latitude 81 deg.,
30 min. In following expeditions the
same ..avigator explored Jan Mayens
Land and the east of Greenland, add
ing greatly to the knowledge of the na
ture of the Arctic regions. For the
next twenty years expeditions toward
the pole were not successful and to
reach it was generally conceded to be
an impossibility. But Mr. Scoreaby
persisted in believing that the pole
could be reached without any great
difficulty or danger.
THE GREATEST DIFFICULTY,
be said, was the alternate ice fields and
open water, making it impossible to
pr<u eed for any great distance continu
ously in either ahipe or siedgea. He
proposed a vehicle so constructed that
it could be changed into boat or sledge
at will; the vehicle to be drawn by
dogs, since they were more easily car
ried by boat and more tractable than
reindeer.
In March, 1887, an expedition under
command of Captain firry and fitted
out after Mr. georecby's plan sailed
from England Parry reached latitude
HI deg., llmiiL, without difficulty, but
here met with many obstacles, The
ice fields were frequent and necessita
ted constant changing from boat to
sledge, which could not be done with
out unloading it and this took time,
lie nevertheless pushed on, making as
he supposed about eight miles a day.
Three days passed between his last two
observations of latitude. His last ob
servation showed him to be in exactly
the same latitude that be was when the
previous observation was taken. The
floating ice over which he passed had
moved to the south as fast as he ad
vanced northward. He reached lati
tude 82 deg., 40 min., but under such
adverse circumstauces he thought best
to return.
If now we turn to the expeditions
which have gone to the north of Amer
ica, the first suggested are those of
Franklin. Between the years 1819 and
1827,
THIS NOTED MAN,
then Lieut. Franklin, conducted two
laud expeditions to northern North
America. He traced the coast for more
than a third of the distance from Baf
fin’s Bay to Behilng’s Strait; traveled,
ou the first expedition, nearly six thous
and miles overland; suffered incon
ceivable hardships and privations to
which he saw more than half his men
succumb; returned to England in 1827
and received the honor of knighthood
for his valuable services.
Passing over the ex|>oditions of the
next eighteen years, we come in 1845 to
Franklin’s fatal expedition in searcli of
the northwest passage. He sailed from
England, May 19, with two ships, the
“Erebus” and “Terror,” provisioned for
three years, and was last seen in J uly
of the same year in Baffin’s Bay. After
the time of his expected return was
passed fears were eutertaiued for his
safety and Lady Franklin began urging
upon the different nations that they
send out expeditions in joint search for
her husband. In April, 1849, she began
a correspondence with President Tay
lor and made most earnest appeals for
the United States to send out an expe
dition. Iu reply Pres. Taylor expressed
the most profound sympathy for her
and assured her that this country would
am in the search. Notbiug definite
was done in the matter until 1850 when
Mr. Henry Grinnell, of New York city,
offer* J to furnish to the government
two ships on condition that it wouid
man them from its navy and send them
in the search. The bill was strongly
op(»osed in Congress, but was finally
passed. The ships, the “Advance." and
“Rescue.” iu command of Lieut. De
Haven, sailed May 22,1850,and returned
Septer ’ 3O, 1851, having
..RCHED THE SHORES
of >\ Channel, discovered and
named Grinnell Land, but brought no
definite tidings of Franklin’s fate.
On the return of this ex(iedition Mr.
Grinnell again offered the ships to be
sent in the search, but Congress did
not accept the offer. In 1853, however,
Mr. Grinnell, with the aid of some of
his fnends, fitted out the expedition
known as the second Grinnell expedi
tion. At the request of Lady Franklin
Congress allowed Dr. Kane to command
the expedition and instructed him also
to have an eye to scientific investiga
tion. The vessel sailed May 3U, reached
Uppernavick on the west coast of
Greenland July 24. and for two years
nothing more was heard from it.
In 1855 Congress sent out an Expedi
tion of two vessels, the “Release and
“Arctic,” in command of Capt. llart
steae, iu search of Kane. These vessels
in less than four months sailed about
eight thousand miles, fully circumnavi
gating Baffin’s Bay, sailed farther north
in Smith's Sound than any other expe
dition save Kane’s, found the unhappy
party at Disco Island and returned
them safely to their homes. Tlie ob
servations of Dr. Kane made important
ad<iitions to meteorological science and
he has received great honor from bis
countrvmen.
In the spring of 1854 two ships lay
ice-h*cked in the northern seas. One,
the “Investigator,” belonging to an ex
pedition in command of Capt. McClure,
who had come through Behring’s Strait
eastward,
IN SEARCH OF FRANKLIN,
lay in the Day of Mercy. The other,
the “Resolute,” of an expedition in
command of Sir Edward Belcher, who
had come through Hudson Strait west
ward in search of McClure, lay in Wel
lington Inlet, about two hundred miles
from the “Investigator." Communica
tion was opened between the two ships,
and the crew of the “Investigator"
transferred to the “Resolute.” In May
of that year the "Resolute” was aban
doned and the rest of Belcher's ships
with the crew of the “Investigator”
returned to England. The Northwest
passage was thus effected by these two
ships. Eighteen months later the
“Resolute” was found by an American
w baler at e int more than a thousand
miles f .u the place where it was
abandoned and taken into port as a
prize. Congress being apprised of the
fact purclmaed the ship of its salvors,
and ordered it refitted and returned to
her Majesty’s service as a matter of
national courtesy.
In 1857 an English expedition, in
command of Admiral McClintock,
found in a caun at Point Victory, King
Williams Land, a tin cylinder contain
ing the first discovered offlcirl record
of Franklin’s fate. A fac simile of this
record is given in the narrative of
Hall’s second Arctic expedition, pre
pared from Hall’s notes by order of
Congress. It appears by the paper that
Franklin ascended Wellington Chan
nel to latitude 77 degrees then retuned
and passed the winter of 1846-47 at
Beechy Island. The ships were beset
by ice from September, 1846, till April
22,1848, when
THEY WERE ABANDONED,
then in latitude 70 deg., 5 min, longi
tude 98 deg., 41 mm. It is uow known
that Franklin was in a channel which
when free from ice was open to Behrings
Sea, and it is conceded that he discov
ered the Northwest passage. On April
26 the crew set out to reach the main
land of America at the mouth of Great
Fish river. Ten years had elapsed
when these facts were discovered.
What had been the fate of these unfor
tunate men’/
To answer this question Capt. C. F.
Hall, in May, 1860, sailed for the most
favorable northwestern point he could
reach in a whaler, whence he would
make his way westward with such
Eskimo companions as he could secure,
hoping by their aid to be better able to
prosecute the search. He soon learned
the language of the Eskimo and adapt
ed himself to their mode of life a”d to
eating their food. The loss of his boat
made this voyage a failure. In 1862 he
returned to the United States, having
telegraphed before him from St. Johns,
N. F, his determination to go on an
other voyage.
Capt. Hall spent two years in prepar
ing for the second voyage and sailed
sailed July 1, 1864, aboard a whaler in
company with
HIS ESKIMO COMPANIONS,
Joe and wife, faithful followers whom
he had brought with him on bis return
from the first voyage. In 1869 Hall
again returned, having spent five Arc
tic winters in the wretchedness of a
snow hut, living upon the nauseous
food of the Eskimo. These two voy
ages added much to our knowledge of
northern geography, and of the life and
customs of the Eskimo, but brought
back no tidings of the one hundred and
five men of Franklin’s party.
In 187 U Congress sent Hall out with
the ship “Polaris” on an expedition to
the pole. He passed through Smith’s
Sound, reached his farthest northing,
latitude 82 deg., 17 min., August 31,
1871, and died November 8 of the same
year. He spent his best years and en
ergies in enthusiastic Arctic research,
and found a grave on the icy shores of
Greenland. His resting place is marked
am stone with fitting inscriptions.
embers of the Nares expedition vis
ited it in 1875, and left tributes of re
spect to his honored memory.
The facts concerning the fate of
Franklin’s men, disclosed by the search
of Lieut. Sebwatka and hi* men made
in 187y-*u, add greatly to our knowledge
of tbs Franklin party’* mysterious fate.
From Hudson's Bay tichwatka proceed
ed to where Franklin’* men. in 1848.
had abandoned the yet sound and well
r ■•!*<!*>* pirate attempt
to reach the mainland by sledge and
boat. Their shipe were a» tuallj in tfie
long sought Noiihwest passage, but
THEIR COURAGE WAS GONE,
their hope was broken, and they left
the protection of the ships to die mis
> 'abiftfip the shore. Tim explorers
learned from an old .Eskimo the fate
of on* of the shipe. He reported that
after it was abandoned the natives vis
ited it and found tme man dead in his
; jfcfl .A •- : vw ' J&. ,*V-
ESTABLISHED 1850.
bunk. They frequently went aboard
to bring away articles from t tie ship,
and not knowing how to get tielow
deck they cut & hole in the step's sideou a
level with the ice through which w»K*r
entered in the summer and sent her to
the bottom. This must have lieeu the
summer of ’4B, from which it wouid
seem that a few months after the shijis
were abandoned the ice broke up and
they were freed. Lieut. Schwatka
learned that the natives had found,
among other things, a tiu t»ox contain
ing (tapers, probably the ship’s records,
which they destroyed soon after. His
party was absent from its Itase of sup-
Klies tor eleven months, and, following
tail's example, lived with the Eskimo.
During this time they traveled three
thousand, two hundred and fifty-one
miles, for the most part over unexplored
territory, the largest sledge journey
ever mad** and the only one extending
through a whole Arctic winter. The
party endured the lowest temperature
ever endured by white men, recording
one observation of 71 degrees tielow
zero, and sixteen days averaging 68 lie
low z.ero. A bait of only one day was
called
ON ACCOUNT OF TIIE COLD.
On the journey hver the path traversed
by Franklin’s men, Schwatka found a
number of their bodies, gave them
burial and erected monuments to them.
The only one which bore transport he
brought with him to the United States
for burial.
During the last forty years a number
of ex|ieditions have sought to reach
the pole.
In 1876 Markham explored the north
ern shore of Grinnell Land, gave names
to the irregularities of the coast, and
reached latitude 83 deg., 20 rain., 26 sec.,
the highest then attained. *
In 1878-79 Nordenskjold successfully
passed through the Northeast passage.
Its freedom from islands and the effect
of the waters of the three great rivers
which Dow into it render it much safer
for vessels than the Northwest passage,
and every year since trading vessels
have passed through it.
More than a Million.
New Orleans, La.— A reportei of
the Times-Democrat, who receutly com
§leted a tour of this and neighboring
tates, visiting every city, town and
hamlet, states that he interviewed all
the wholesale and retail druggists and
storekeeper*, as well as transportation
companies, with a view of learning the
volume of trade in certain articles.
The statistics thuß gathered show that
during the past two years over one
million two hundred thousand bottles
of St. Jacobs Oil were sold in this sec
tion alone, and that this quantity large
ly exceeds the total combined sales of
all other similar remedies during that
period. He adds that dealers, as well
as the public, continue unanimous in
their praise of the wonderful pain-cui -
ing powers of this unapproached rem
edial agent.
A Story of Tfcnd. Stevens.
WashingUm Letter in Aar York Tribune
The appointment of Pierce M. B.
Young, toe other day. to be Consul-
General at St Petersburg, reminds me
of a story 1 heard Mr. Blaine tell not
long ago—a story in which Young
played a prominent part, and which il
lustrates the kindness of heart and
generosity of feeling, for which old
•‘Thad.’* Stevens, notwithstanding the
roughness of his manner and abrupt
ness, was known.
Mr. Blaine and Mr. Stevens were
seated one dav in the committee room,
of which the latter was chairman,when
the door opened and in walked a young
man with what seemed to be a troop of
friends at bis heels. Stevens looked up
inquiringly as the young man walked
up to him.
“What can 1 lo for you?" he asked.
“There is a bill in your committee m
which 1 am interested, and which I
wish to have reported to the House."
answered the young man. and he added.
“Mv name is Pierce M. B. Young."
"Well, what is it all about ?" Ste\ens
asked.
“It’s a bill to remove my political dis
abilities.”
“Ahem'” brc ' in Stevens gnitfiv,
“Foughtagainst tv f’niou, I suppuee v ”
“Yes, sir.”
“Ahem!’—still more gruffly—“horn
South ?”
“Yes, sir, in South Carolina.*’
“Ahern' Educated at West Point, 1
dare say T
“Yes, Sir.”
“Graduated there?”
“No, sir. I left West Point when the
war broke out."
“Then you got your education at the
government's expense, ami afterward
turned around and fought against it,
eli!" ejaculated Stevens, most savagely.
“Yes, sir.”
“Well, where did you serve?”
“In the Army of Virginia.”
“Under Early ?”
“Yes, Sir.”
“Were you at Chambersburg?”
“Yes, Sir.”
“1 suppose you were one of the
blanked fellows who came up there and
burned my iron foundry, eh?”
Stevens, Mr. Blaine sa’d, took a look
at Young. Then bringing his cane,
which he always carried, down on the
floor with a good deal of force, he ex
claimed: “Vi all, sir, I admire your
blanked cheek!” And after a moment’s
pause, he *aid, laughingly: “I’ll report
your bill to-morrow.”
Erysipelas is a dangerous disease.
Not unfrequently does it take such a
form as to carry off its victim after a
period of intense suffering. Charles
It. Lucas, of Zanesville, Ohio, writes:
“For three years my wife has been suf
fering from erysipelas. She has tried
numerous physicians but received no
benefit from anv of them. She com
menced taking Mishler’s Herb Bitters
about a month since, and is now en
tirely well.”
Hard Work.
Tattm Si/tiny*.
Mental exertion of any kind is some
thing that tires the average American.
W’riting a letter just breaks him up.
Col. Yergerhas a negro man named
Saui, employed about the place, and
yesterday Sam wanted some clerical
work done. He said:
“Boss, I wants ver ter write me a let
ter ter my gal in Waco.”
“A 11 right, Sam; I’ll do it.”
“Has yer got de paper,an' de ink, an’
de pen ready dar ?’’
“Yes, Sam; go ahead.”
“Write Austin, Texas.”
“All right.”
“Has yer got hit written ?”
“Yes/
“All ob hit?”
“Certainly.”
“What has yer got written? Read
hit ter me, boss.”
“Austin, Texas.”
“Dat’s right. Now write June de
fourteenf.”
“All right, Sam.”
“Has yer got hit down, boss, al
ready r
“Yea.”
“G’way, boss, you am iokiu’. Head
hit ter me.”
“June 14.”
“Foah God, you has got hit all down
right. Now, boss, read bit all ober
from de berry beginnin’.”
“Austin, Texas, June 14.”
“Dat's right. Whew! I say. boss,
let’s res’ awhile, l’se tired. My bead
aches like hit was gwine ter split’’
The class of Rheumatic and
gic sufferers who would rather ex pc i
ment themselvee into their graves
with old, exploded remedies than try
something new and rational, has grown
much leas sinoe the diaoovery of Ath
lophoros. Learning how it was dis
covered, and how tested before it was
offered to the public; learning also the
theory of blood purification upon which
its cures are baaed; there is inquiry for
it from every direction, and a desire to
secure the relief it affords, which is as
surprising as it is assuring.
Cheese-rings are disposed of by
making them into cement for met 'trg
glam and porcelain.
A Qmt finffto
la in store for all who use Kemp’s
Balsam for the throat and lungs, the
at guaranteed remedy. Would you
iev# that K it told on fts merits and
that easli draggle* is authorized to re
fund your money bp Ijte Proprietor of
this wonderful remedy if it fails to
cure you. Will a Mays, the Druggist,
have secured the agency for it Price
SO cents and fiLOO. Trial frm.
LmAarag th« Franks.
A Philadelphia showman the other
day gave a reporter some information
concerning the love affairs of dime
museum curiosities.
“A legless freak,” he said, “once eloped
with a very pretty girl. The freak was
Walter Stewart. He was born without
legs and very short arms. One day, a
daughter, of John O’Brien, the show
man, who made bis headquarters at
Frank ford, met Stewart, and their ac
quaintance soon ripened into love. The
first thing the Professor heard of was
that Stewart and the young lady had
eloped, and had been made one. They
are now living together happily, and
their union has lieen blessed with sev
eral children, none of whom are de
formed.
“Annie Leak Thompson, the bright
est of all armless people, who lias
traveled over the entire world, has had
many suitors, and when she did marry
she took the man she loved. I venture
to say there are but few freaks, and
they are of the most hideous kind, who
do not have plenty of admirers. The
wedding at our museum of the living
skeleton Garrison to Bertha Clear, a
young lady from West Philadelphia, is
still fresh in the minds of the Phila
delphians on account of the legal com
plications that arose after the marriage.
That, you know, was a case of love at
first sight. When the courts stepped
in and ]iermitted the girl’s parents to
take her away from her hushand.be
went down South and died of a broken
heart.
“Freaks are constantly intermarry
ing. Their strange position in life
leads them to love one another more
rapturously, perhaps, than the rest of
mankind. Up in Frank ford, Hannah
Battersby, the largest large woman in
the land, is wedded to Jolin Battersby,
a man of the skeleton order. Dwarfs
are not loath to go through life to
gether hand in hand. Mrs. Gen. Tom
Thumb and Count Magri are now en
joying their honeymoon. Price, the
Albino, and Mine. Petty, a fat woman,
became attached to each other while
exhibiting here a few mouths ago, ami
have lately married.
“When the two-headed nightingale
was here she, they, or it, just as you
choose to call them, received ten pro
(Hisals of marriage, aud among the
suitors was a well-known dramatic
man iger. The girls were used to such
proposals, and refused to consider
them. 'I here is no accounting for
tastes. It was not long ago that the
Mexican Wild Boy got stuck on the
11 utuaii Billiard Ball, a lady without
any hair on her head, and a week later
Taoli, the African Homed Man, pro
posed to and was accepted by a Cir
cassian girl.”
The Affoctlonate Ookm.
New York Commercial Adrxrttier.
An old gentleman living in the suburbs
had a most singular admirer. One
day he called upon a neighbor to look
at some fowls lately received. To the
pleasurable surprise of the visitor a
large white goose at once left the feed
ing-place and came up to him, mani
festing evident signs of satisfaction.
The unroinuntic bird w as duly stroked,
and the worthy gentleman started ou
his homeward way. Soon afterwards
he heard the dulcet tones of the descen
dant of the historic cacklers and
saviors of Uonie, and there was Miss
Goosey-Poosey following him like a
dog. Touched by the creature’s affect
ion. he stroked her again, and o*. reach
ing home gave her some biscuit and
and sent her back to her owner. Tlie
next morning the faithful bird was
found watching at the door by which
her friend had entered the house. As
soon as she saw him she was demon
strative in her delight. At tirst the
old gentleman did not attach much im
portance to this behavior, supjiosinp it
was a freak of the fowl. His astonish
ment, however, was great wlieu he set
out for the neighboring village to tlnd
Miss Goose close behind him. Ever
and anon she would rub her head
against him, as if lagging a caress,
which, of course, the kindly soul could
not refuse. He supposed she would
go back to her flock as soon as the vil
lage was reached, but this was no part
of hei intentions. She followed nim
eloselv, unterritied by dogs or small
boys, quietly waiting outside the stores
that be entered until he reappeared
and then as gracefully as she knew
how pirouetted about him for very joy.
She followed him home, and when she
saw the door of the house closed re
turned to her owner’s place. There
after the affectionate goose took up
her station every morning liefore the
door of tier idol, and as soon as he ap
l»eaied she followed him wherever he
went. If he remained indoors she
wailed his coining till the evening
shadows fell, then she went back to
her |»en. This strange devotion con
tinued for several ye.ua. It was not
entirely welcome, because it caused
invidious .emarks. Whenever the
viti.ui of this angel ic affection stopped
to sj«eak to an acquaintance, the jeal
ous bird would tly at the person with
wings outstretched ami sipilaut ex
pressions of wrath. The annoyance
of the creature’s <b monstrations at last
became unendurable, and the kind old
gentleman lireit lied a sigh of mingled
liain and relief when the |»oor bird du
ally met with an untimely end.
The Fighting Instinct in Man.
/j irtiUiu Si-rt'tt-ir.
There is not the slightest certainty
that any invention, however terrible,
would put an end to war: while there
is almost a certainty that if such an in
vention were j**rfected it would griev
ously increase the miseries of mankiud.
Taken in the lump, men will face any
means of destruction whatsoever, if
also they possess it themselves. Give
two men pistols and they will fight
across a hankerchief. They are not
afraid of death, but only of death
without a chance of victory. King
Theodore of Abyssinia asked his court
iers when the rocket-sticks fell at his
feet, if he could l»e reasonably expected
to face things like those, andj ultimate
ly, in pure despair of defeating science
with unscientific weapons, killed him
self; hilt if he also had inwsessed
rockets he would have fought on. No
men, not even Prussian soldiers or
English sailors; will face shells with
out shells to throw back; but when
they have shells they face the enemy's
shells as bravely as t'uey did the old
round shot. The methods of war are
changed by science, but war is not
extinguished. Suppose it true that
able chemists and mechanicians could
invent a method of throwingan asphyx
iating vapor on a sleeping aimy,
what would be the result? First, the
adoption of some protective covering,
such as ironclad lints for sleeping in;
next, the adoption of a method of en
camping which spread the army over
surface too great or too uneven to be
reached; and next, the useof similar
mechanicians and chemists as the as
sailing force. Huxley would march
with his fishermen to choke Tyndall
with his Alpine climl>ers. War would
then consist mainly of.efforts to obtain
advantageous positions, from which
showers of death would be thrown, but
war would not cease. Forlorn hopes
would be organized among soldiers,
enormous iewards would be paid to
the new wariors, the nations would
fight each other as briskly as ever.
Haw Ladies Should Ride,
t'rim the PhiUidtlfihia Time*.
The horsewoman should sit so that
the weight of her laxly falls exactly in
the center of the saddle, without
heavily bearing on the stirup, able to
grasp the upright pommel with the
right knee, and press against the
“hunting horn” with her left knee, yet
not exerting any muscular action for
that purpose. lor this end the stirrup
leather must lie neither too long uor
too short. The ideal of a line Horse
woman is to be erect without being
rigid, square to the front and, untill
quite at home in the saddle, looking
religeously between her horse’s ears.
The shoulders must, therefore, be
square, but thrown back a little so as
to expand the chest and make a hollow
waist." such as is observed in waltz
ing ” hut always flexible. On the flex
ibility of the person above the waist
and on the firmness below all the grace
of equestrianism, all the safety, de
pends. Nervousness makes both men
and women poke their heads forward—
a stupid trick in a man, uupardonaple
iu a woman. A lady should bend like
a willow in a storm, always returning
to an easy yet nearly upright position.
This seat should **e acquired while the
lady’s horse is lead, first by band, then
with A leading stick and finally with a
lunging rein, which will give room for
caateriug iu circles. But where the
pnpil is encumbered with reiua, a whip
ana directions for guiding a horse, she
may be excused for forgetting all a
bout her seat or her position. The
arms down to the elbows should hang
loosely near, but not fixed to the sides,
and the hands, in the absence of reins,
may rest in front of the waist.
IfiriHf naS Parkssnl—
These are the volancoes of the hu
man system. They proceed from im
pure blood and from a riotous demoral
ization of the digestive organs. They
are annoying, painful, and sometimes
dangerous. They can be driven out by
toning up the system, and this can best
be done by the use of Brown’s Iron Bit
ters. Messrs. Handy Jk Kutiman,drug
gists, Annapolis, Md . say, “We aau
hits of Brown’s Iron Bitten. All who
use it seem pleased. Ws tear not one
complaint,”
.‘.Vr-

xml | txt