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The Oskaloosa herald. (Oskaloosa, Mahaska County, Iowa) 1885-1919, September 10, 1885, Image 5

Image and text provided by State Historical Society of Iowa

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87058308/1885-09-10/ed-1/seq-5/

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Herald Printing Company.
Thursday and Saturday-
CirolUtloM Wwu-ly Throe Tkonumd
September 10, 1885.
—The Democratic rulers of Rich
mond, \ a., have iixed saloon licenses at
$2,000 a year. This news comes too
late for lowa Democrats to pattern
—Marshall Times: “If lowa Repub
licans, with straight-out honest plat
form, honest candidates and honest
principles, cannot beat the miserable
combination party out of its Ixiots, then
Republicanism had better die, for it
must be pretty badly off in the eyes oi
the people.
—•‘Brick” Pomeroy knows what he
wants in 1888. His ticket is, for Presi
dent, Thomas A. Hendricks; for Vice
President, Fitzhugh Lee. And he
adopts as his platform the following:
“The right of the people to elect and the
right of the elected to dismiss and to ap
—lndependence Republican— -“The
State Register wants somebody to make
an image in stone, of Boss Weaver, as
a monument. If Weaver, when he dies
could be mounted on a pedestal instead
of buried in the earth, no better monu
ment could be devised. We believe
there xs enduring brass enough about
him to keep forever.”
—Correctly said by the Marshall
Times: “The Democrats are always to
be relied upon to do the wrong thing
at the right moment. Before the con
vention there was a possibility—a faint
p ossibility—of their carrying the State.
Now it will take them years to recover
ground lost by contemptibly surrender
ing to Weaver.”
—The Republicans will make a
strong effort to carry Virginia this
year. In 1880 the Democrat majority
wits 12,429 and in 1884 it was only 6141,
although they had plenty of money
and were full of great expectations in
case of a Democratic National triumph.
This year they have less money while
the Republicans have all they need and
are united and hopeful.
Philadelphia Record, Dem: As al
most every unamiable character in
sacred or profane history has been
whitewashed, how would it do to sug
gest that when Herod complied with
the request of Herodias’ daughter, he
squared matters with his own con
science by representing that John the
Baptist lost his head on account of his
offensive partisanship?”
—Keokuk Rate City: “lowa never
had a purer, better, stronger, wiser
man in the governorship than Mr.
Larrabee. He disappoints those who
choose leaders by their personal ap
pearance. bo did St. Paul and General
Grant, William of Orange, James Mad
ison, and many another. He is small
in body, quiet and unimpressive to the
crowd. But he is a wise man, of
thought so accurate, wide, comprehen
sive, and considerate that he is fairly
entitled to tie thought of as a states
—Marshall Reflector: “Go ask the
unemployed heads of families now
walking the streets of our towns and
cities what they think of the prospect.
They will tell you that full granaries
and plentiful harvests do not any
longer insure them and their little ones
against hunger. With work but half
the time, and then at starvation ligures,
it is not cheering to them to know that
the harvest has been bountiful. They
are more interested in the question of
how’ they can honestly acquire the
cash necessary to procure of this
—Chicago Inter-Ocean: “Thi plat
form is like lowa Republicans in that
it dodges nothing and grapples with
everything. It is Republican in its op
position to Cleveland’s policy, in its
declaration on the great questions be
fore the country, and ia its defining of
policy on new q lestions just coming
up. The convention met with a fair
understanding of the difficulties in the
way of Republican success in lowa,
and the delegates evidently did their
best toward putting the party in good
shape for a winning fight. They seem
to have succeeded in making a good
start, and at the end of the race they
ought to report a majority of 30,000.”
** Ok, Cut that Shadow from thy
You cant do it if you have liver
complaint or dyspepsia. The darkened
countenance tells the story of inward
commotion and woe. Clear your stom
ach, strengthen your digestion, regulate
your liver, tone your nerves, and then
away goes the shadow from your brow,
aud you are happy because you are well.
Mrs. M. J. Alston, of Littleton, N. C.,
s tys: “I recommend Brown’s Iron Bit
ters to the nervous and debilitated. It
greatly benefitted me.”
From the A’et c York Mail and Fxiircss
The surprising growth of the North
west, as revealed in the census figures
that have just come in from Minnesota
and Dakota, would lead naturally to
the belief that the centre of popula
tion, at the end of this decade, will be
foiiud to have moved northward as
well as westward. The two cities of
St. Paul and Minneapolis have gained
over KjOjUuO in five years, and the State
of Minnesota shows an increase during
the same period of between 250,000 and
300,000. Dakota has gained at least
200,000, and now boasts of over 400,000
But while the Northwestern States
and Territories are growing rapidly,
we must not forget that the Southwest
is growing, too. Texas has made great
strides between 1870 and 1880, ana has
continued to increase just as fast since
thf United States census was taken.
Th • following table, taken from the
N*-w Orleans Times-Democrat, shows
the movement of the centre of popula
tion ior ninety years, and reveals the
fact that it has moved pretty steadily
southward, as well as westward, ever
since the founding of the republic.
• Southw’d. Nortbw’d, Westw’d,
miles. miles. tulles.
17SO- IHOU % .. 41
muu--laio**** 5 ..36
Wie—MSS 6 .. 80
isao-isas s »
ÜBS—IMS 4 * 86
1840—1860 S 86
ISM—tm 1 81
1860—1*70. 12 42
I*7o-I*Bo 8 .. 88
Total 30* 17 457
Ttiat immounced northward move
ment of the decade between 1860 and
1870 was due, of course, to the war. If
it had not been for that, the centre of
population would doubtless be at least
fifteen miles further south than it is
it la certainly remarkable that during
the whole of this period, while the
.States of the West and Northwest were
being so rapidly settled, while Indiana,
Illinois, Missouri, lowa, Wisconsin, and
Minnesota were growing so remarka
bly fast, the South should still have
held its own, and even sightly over
balanced the Northern gain. The rea
son for it, according to the Time*-Dem
ocrat, is that the Southern people are
m >re prolific, their families larger than
those north of the line. Ana if the
South grew so fast before immigration
tliither amounted to much, what may
it be able to do when its undeveloped
resources are attracting Northern cap
ital and Northern settlers? Askansas
has gained, in the past five years, as
many people as Muinesota; Texas as
many as Illinois, lowa, and Dakota put
together; and the Southern Territories,
New Mexico and Arizona, have proba
bly held their own with Idaho, Mon.
taua. and Wyoming.
At the time of the last census the
centre of population was in Southern
Indiana, near the Ohio river. In 1870
it was very near Gincinnati. In 18U0
it will probably be. found to have fol
lowed the river towards Cairo, which
will, if present indications are correct,
be very near thecenter at the beginning
of the twentieth century.
Tbsss in Mil Fats.
The best blood purifier and system
regulator ever placed within the reach
of suffering humanity, truly is Electric
Bitters. Inactivity of the Liver, Bili
ousness, Jaundiee, Consumption, Weak
Kidneys, or any disease of tue urinary
organs, or whoever requires an appciu
er, tonic or mild stimulant, will always
find Electric Bitters the best and only
lj certain cure known. They act surely
and quickly, every bottle guaranteed
to give entire satisfaction or money
refunded Sold at fifty cents a bottle
by Orwm A BenUey.
Th* Centre of Population.
Mr*. Ague* E. Mitchell.
With kltngU*, Mangle, Mingle.
’Way down the dusty dingle,
The cows are coming nome;
Now sweet and clear, and faint and low,
The alrv tiiikllngs come and go.
Like chimings from some far on tower,
Or pattering* of an April shower.
That make the daisies grow;
Ko-kliog, ko-kling, kokllnglellngle.
Wav down the darkening dingle
The cows come slowly home;
And old-tline friends and twilight plays.
And starry nights and sunny days,
Come trooping up the misty ways,
Wbeu the cows come home.
With jingle, jangle, jingle.
Sweet songs that softly mingle.
The cows are coming home;
Malvine, and Pearl, and Flortmel.
DeKamp, Kedrose and Oretchen Schell,
Queen Bess, and Sylph, and Spangled Sue—
Across the fields 1 hear her oo 00.
And clang her sliver bell;
Go-ling, go-lang, golingle-lingle.
With faiut far sounds that mingle;
The cows come slowly home;
And mother-songs of long-gone years,
And baby joys, and childish tears.
And youthful hopes, and youthful fears.
When the cows come home.
With ringle. rangle, ringle.
By twos and threes and single.
The cows are coming home;
Through the violet ajr we see the town.
And the summer sun a-slipping down;
The maple In the hazel glade
Throws down the patli a longer shade.
And the hills are growing brown;
To-ring, to-rang, toringle-rtngle.
By threes and fours and single,
The cows come slowly home:
The same sweet sound of wordless psalm,
The same sweet Jun-day rest and calm.
The same sweet scent of bud and balm,
When the cows come home.
With a tinkle, tankle, tinkle.
Through fern and periwinkle.
The cows are coming home;
A-loitering In the checkered stream.
Where tha sun-rays glance aud gleam.
St&rlne, Peachbloom and Phoebe Phyllis
Stand knee-deep in the creamy lilies.
In a drowsy dream:
To-link, to-lank, tollnkle-liukle.
O’er banks with buttercups a-twlnkle,
The cows come slowly home;
Aud up through Memory’s deep ravine.
Come the brook’s old song aud its old-time
Aud the crescent of the silver Queen,
When the cows come home.
With a Mingle, kl&ngle, Mingle.
With a 1 00-00, and moo-00, and jingle.
The cows are coming home;
Aud over there on Merlin hill,
Hear the plaintive cry oi the whip-poor-will;
The dew-orops He on the tangled vines,
And over the poplars Venus shines,
Andover the silent milli
Ko-ling, ko-lang, kolingle-lingle,
With tiug-a-ling and jingle,
The cows come slowly home;
Let down the bars; let in the train
Of long-goue songs, and flower and rain,
For dear old times come back again,
When the cows come noine.
A Remarkable Escape.
Mrs. Mary A. Dailey, of Turkhan
nock, Pa., was afflicted for six years
with Asthma and Bronchitis, during
which tine the best doctors could give
no relief. Her life was despaired of
until in last October she procured a
Bottle of Dr. King’s New’ Discovery
w'hen immediate relief was felt, and by
continuing its use for a short time she
was completely cured, gaining in tiesh
50 lbs. in a tew months. Free Trial
Bottle of this Cure of all Throat and
Lung Diseases at Green & Bentley’s
Drugstore. Large Bottlessl.oo. 4
lowa and Republicanism
From the Keokuk Gate City
Senator Larrabee, who has been
eighteen years in the State Senate, is a
very sane-minded, broadly wise and
practical exponent of Republican gov
ernment of lowa. He represents that
party’s policy in its utmost merit and
efficiency in this State. So it is well to
recall just as vividly as we can what
that party has done in and for lowa.
In 1804 when Grimes carried the State
for Governor against Curtis Bates, the
Democratic nominee, the grounds on
which the people of the State and ter
ritory theretofore Democratic, set that
party aside were primarily : dissatisfac
tion with the pro-slaveryism of that
party, dissatisfaction w’ith the misuse
of the State school fund to oblige his
friends by James D. Eads, the Demo
cratic State Superintendent of Public
Instruction, dissatisfaction with the
Democratic opposition to internal im
£rovements. The vote was close,
rimes’ majority was only 1,823. But
the vote of the State was very small
then, being only 44,227 all told. The
difference between then and now is
w'ell illustrated by that vote, scarcely
more than that of the largest one of
lowa’s eleven congressional districts
last year. The address which Mr.
Grimes put forth to the voters of lowa
after his nomination is a good land
mark from which to measure the pro
gress of the State since Democratic
rule passed away in that party so far
as general policy is concerned. He
showed first that he was in favor of
uumaking the constitution of the Dem
ocracy had made for the State, and
making it over, in order chiefly to have
the judges elected bv the people in
stead of by the Legislature and in or
der to get rid of a wild-cat currency.
He then dwelt upon the other points
that we have named above, and in ad
dition made a special argument in fav
or the free homestead law'. But as
James Buchanan had not yet vetoed
that it was not so distinctively a Re
publican measure as it became.
Grimes’ estimate of the work he was
doing and the deliverance he was
bringing to the people of the State
was show’n by a letter he w’rote to his
wife in June, 1854, while he was cam
paigning. He said: “I am proclaiming
the great gospel of liberty wherever I
go. I flatter myself that I have al
ready done more good to the cause of
humanity and liberal ideas than has
ever been done bv all the speeches in
the State and by many sermons.”
lowa evidently thought so too, for it
has since given larger Republican ma
jorities than the total vote of the State
then was.
Now, measuring from thence on, has
lowa done well to accept Republican
ideas and rule ? Test it by the cool
and non-partisan figures of the census.
The population which in 1854 was 324,-
401, was 1,624,615 in 1880, and is 2,200,-
000 in 1885. in June, 1883, lowa paid
the last dollar of its lowa debt, and
since then owes nothing except to its
school fund. The federal census of
1880 showed that of the thirty-eight
States of the Union lowa was tenth in
total population, eighth in the 'number
of its dwellings, tenth in the number
of occupied people, fifth in the number
of its farmers, fourth in healthfulness,
fifth in the number of its schools and
teachers and school houses, seventh in
the number of pupils of the public
schools, first in proportion of its people
over ten able to read, second in the pro
portion able to write, first in propor
tion of its white male youths able to
write, thirty-seventh in number of
male criminals, thirty-eighth in num
ber of female criminals, seventh in the
number of its farms, second in number
of acres of improved land, second in
Indian corn, sixth in wheat, second in
oats, second in production of all grains,
first in the yield of com per acre, first
in the yield of com and all grains per
capita, third in horses, second in cat
tle, first in hogs, first in butter, flist
in yield of wool per sheep, sixth in
value of farms, second in value of
stock, fourth in farm production,
thirty-seventh in amount of State and
local indebtedness. This is the record
of the material prosperity of the State
under Republican rule. In its charities
and charitable Institutions, in its
churches and moral energies there has
been activity and growth that has put
the State well at the front of enlight
ened and humanitarian States.
We have given figures for the year
1880. And the vote of the State in i hat
year was: Republican, 183,904; Demo
cratic, 106,845; Greenback,
These Democrats and Greenbackers
are factors in the citizenship and re
present their part in making lowa
what it is. But the fact remains that
State policy and development have
been directed by the Republican ma
jority. Secondly, Democrats in other
States have not been able to work out
a result equal to what has come to
lowa under Republican rule. Thirdly,
Democrats in their control of the few
counties of the State that are Demo
cratic have not shown a capacity for
igovernment that promise well should
hey get control of the State. For
these Democratic counties are precise
ly ttnse that are the most largely in
debt, have the heaviest taxes, are the
most complaibed of by the citizens,
make the least growth in population
and are the most backward in all re
The Rheumatism which strikes you
down suddenly and completely is the
kind which should he dealt with hero
ically. It is in this kind of rheumatic
attacks that Atblophohos is so pecu
liarly valuable. Says Mr. AII. Norton,
of Bristol. Conn.: “Was suddenly strick
en with Rheumatism in my hack. For
four days could not turn myself in bed,
and when lifted up could not hear my
weight on my feet. After all the usual
remedies had failed, I tried Atiilo*
monos. In twenty minutes after tak
ing the first dose, 1 could bear my
weight on my feet, and in two days
was able to get about and attend to
business.” >
If you are tired taking the large
old-fashioned griping pills, try Garter's
Little Liver Pills and take some com
fort. A man can’t stand everything.
One pill a dose.
A great many Greenbackers, who
read the Bible, have denied that F. W.
Moore, of Bloomfield, lowa, was the
plaintiff in the case brought in thut
city to prevent the reading of the Bible
in the public schools, and to also pre
vent the singing of religious songs iu
the schools. Mr. Moore is the present
candidate for Superintendent of Public
Instruction on the fusion ticket; lie
was the man who brought the case,
and he is one who to-day insists that
he was right, and Judge Burton and
the Supreme Court wrong in deciding
against him. In the last Court, the
case was decided by Justice Adams,
who is a “liberal” in his religious
views, and the record of the case is as
Moore vs. Monroe and another; 1. Con
stitutional Law—Reading Bible iu
Public Schools—Religious Exercises
Appeal from Davis District Court.
The plaintiff as a resident aud tax
payer of the independent district of
Bloomfield, and patron of the public
school taught in the district, bring this
action against the teachers of the school
and directors of the district, and prays
for an injunction to prevent the reading
or repeating of the Bible, or any pare
thereof, in the school, and to prevent
the singing of religious songs in tiie
school. The Court refused to grant an
injunction, and from the order of re
fusal the plaintiff appeals.
F. VV. Moore and N. S. Steele for ap-
Esllant; S. S. Carruthers and Payne &
ichelberger for appellees.
Adams, J. The record shows that
the teachers of the school are accus
tomed to occupy a few minutes each
morning in reading selections from the
Bible and repeating the Lord’s prayer
and singing religious songs; that the
Elaintiff has two children in the school,
ut that they arc not required to be
present during the time thus occupied.
The record further shows that the
plaintiff objected to such exercises, and
requested that they be discontinued;
but the teachers refused to discontinue
them and the directors refused to take
any action in the matter.
[After considering the argument
against the constitutionality of the law
preventing the exclusion of the Bible
and making it optional with parents
and guardians whether or not their
children shall take part in religious ex
ercises Justice Adams goes on to say:]
The plaintiff’s position is that, uy
the use of the school house as a place
for reading the Bible, repeating the
Lord’s prayer, and singing leligious
songs, is made a place for worship; and
so bis children are compelled to attend
a place of worship, and he, a tax-payer,
is compelled to pay taxes for building
and repairing a place of worship. * *
* We cannot think that the people of
lowa, in adopting the constitution, had
such extreme views in mind. The bur
dens of taxation by reason of the cas
ual use of a public building for worship
or even such stated use as that shown
in the case at bar, is not appreciably
greater. We do not think, indeed,
that the plaintiff’s real objection grows
out of the matter of taxation. We in
fer from his arguments that his real ob
jection is that the religious exercises
are made a part of the educational
system into which his children must
Lie drawn or made to appear singular,
and perhaps be subjected to some in
convenience. But, as long as the
Elaintiffs children are not required to
e in attendance at the exercises, we
cannot regard the objection as one of
great weight: Besides, if we regard it
as of greater weight than we do, we
should have to say that we do not find
anything in the constitution or law up
on which the plaintiff can properly
ground his application for relief. Pos
sibly the plaintiff is a propagandist,
and regards himself charged with a
mission to destroy the influence of the
Bible. Whether this be so or not, it is
sufiicient to say that the Courts are
charged with no such mission.
We think that the injunction was
properly dsnied. Affirmed.
Power of the United State*.
Hon. James N. Kerns, United States
Marshal of Pennsylvania, writes that
during the severe winter weather his
family used Red Star Cough Cure and
were much benetitted by it. He states
that he knows nothing better in reliev
ing colds or sore throats.
A Very Tough Story.
San Francisco Post: A very tough
story which is vouched for after a
fashion is going the rounds and given
for what it is worth. It is related that
Mr. S — M— was sitting in his back
yard talking to some friends when his
attention was called to a hen with a
brood of young chickens, and a large
rat that had emerged from its hole and
was quietly regarding the young chick
ens with the prospect of a meal in
view. As the rat came from his hole,
the house cat awoke from her after
noon nap, and caught sight of the rat.
Crouching low she awaited develop
ments. and stood prepared to spring up
on his ratship. At the appearance of
his ancient enemy, the cat, a Scotch
terrier, which had been sunning itself
in the woodshed, pricked up its ears
and quietly made for the place where
the cat stood. At this moment a boy
came upon the scene. The chickens
were not cognizant of being watched
by the rat, nor did the rat see the cat,
nor the feline the dog, who had not
noticed the coming of the boy. A little
chicken wandered too nigh and he was
seized by the rat, which was in turn
pounced upon by the cat, and the cat
was caught in the mouth of the dog.
The rat would not cease his hold on
the chicken, and the cat, in spite of
the shaking she was getting from the
dog, did not let go of the rat. It was fun
for the boy, and in high glee he watched
the contest and the struggle of each of
the victims. It seemed to him that the
rat was about to escape after a time,
and getting a stone he hurled it at the
rodent. The aim was not good, and the
stone struck the dog right between the
eves. The terrier released its grip on
the cat and fell over dead. It hail
hardly breathed its last before the cat
in turn let go of the rat and turned over
and died. The rat did not long survive
the enemy, and beside the already dead
chicken he laid himself down and gave
up the ghost. The owner of the dog
was so angry at his death that he is
said to have come near making the
story complete by killing the boy who
killed the dog that shook the cat that
caught the rat that bit the chicken in
the yard on street.
Harry A. Whitman furnishes the fol
lowing, to swell the long list of similar
testimonials: “The undersigned, a resi
dent of Fort Wayne, Ind., having been
afflicted with fever and ague and chron
ic diarrhoea, was told to try Mishler’s
Herb Bitters, I followed the advice and
have the satisfaction to state they
effected a cure. 1 was induced to give
this certificate for the benefit of others
similarly situated.”
The fashionable game of the mighty
Huron race of Indians near Quebec
this summer is croquet. The young
braves send the balls through the hoops
with as much vigor as their ancestors
used in weilding the tomahawk.
A Dreadful Diieue.
Read, ponder and profit thereby.
Kemp’s Balsam for the Throat and
Lungs is conceded by all who have
used it to excel any preparation in the
market as a complete Throat and Lung
Hei ler. All persons afflicted with that
dreadful disease—Consumption—will
find speedy relief and in a majority of
cases a permanent cure. The proprie
tor has authorized Will 8. Mays, the
Druggist, West High street to refund
the money to any party who has tak
en three-fourths or a bottle without
relief. Price 50 cents and 81.00. Trial
rtzefree. 8
At Ocean Grove they have put up
notices reading: "Young women who
bathe are expected to dress as modestly
as at home And yet very few young
women wear bathing suits when they
bathe at home.
No medicine has ever been known so
effectual in the cure of all those diseases
arising from nn impure condition of
the blood as Scovill’s Sarsaparilla,
ok Blood and Liver Syrup, for the
cure of Scrofula, White Swellings,
Rheumatism, Pimples, Blotches. Erup
tions, Venereal Sores and Diseases,
Consumption, Groitre, Boils, Cancers,
and all kindred diseases. No better
means of securing a beautiful complex
ion can be obtained than by using
SYRUP, which cleanses the blood and
gives beaut)- to tbe skin.
A large amount of capital, estimated
at from 815,000,000 to 820,000,000, is in
vested in base ball in all parts of the
country. _
Nature is never superfluous; what
is necessary for man is provided, and
from tbe vast treasure house has been
drawn and carefully selected those
materials composing Sr. Gotthard
Herb Bittjius.
' : ju li. . . .
Twu but a bubble—yet ’twas bright
Ami gath dauoeil along the stream
Of life’s wild torrents in Its itghti
Of sunbeams sparkling—like a dream
Of iieaven’e own bliss for lovllness—
For fleetuess like a passing ibought;
And ever as such dreams as thee
The tissue of my Hue has wrought.
For I have dreamed of pleasures when
The sun of young existence smiled
Upon my wayward path, and then
Her promised sweets beguiled;
But when I came those sweets to sip
They turned to gall upon iny lip.
I have dreamed of friendship, too;
For friendship’s thought was made
To be man’s solace in the shade
And glad him iu the light, and so
I fondly thought to find a friend
Whose mind with mine would sweetly blend.
And as two placid streams unite
And roll their waters in one bright
Aud tranquil current to the sea.
So might our happy spirits be
Borne onward to eternity.
But he betrayed me. and with pain
I woke to sleep and dream again.
And when I dreamed of love, and all
The clustered visions of the past
Seemed airy nothings to the last
Bright dream. It threw a magical
Enchantment o'er existence—cast
A glory on my path so bright.
I seemed to feel and breath its light;
But now that blissful dream is o’er.
And I have waked to dream no more.
Beyond the tartherest glimmering star
That twinkles iu the arch above,
There Is a world of truth and love
Which earth’s mild passions never mar.
Oh, could I snatch the eagle’s plumes
And sore to that bright world above,
Which God’s own holy light Illumes
With glories of eternal day!
How gladly every lingering tie
That binds me down to earth I’d sever,
Aud leave for that blessed home on high.
This hollow-hearted world forever.
—Geor<je D. Prentice.
Baoklen’i Arnica Salve.
TnE Best Salve in the world for
Cuts, Bruises, Sores, Ulsers, Salt
Rheum, Fever Sores, Tei-ter, Chapped
Hauds, Chilblains, Corns, and all the
Shin Eruptions, and positively cures
Piles, or no pay required. It is guar
anteed to give perfect satisfaction, or
money refunded. Price 25 cents i>er
box. For sale by Green & Bentley.
Am Interesting Chapter iu Local His
tory Recalled by am Auction Sale.
There was a large gathering at the
Mapes farm, in Harmony, Pa., to attend
the sale of the personal effects of the
late Orvin S. Mapes. Among the arti
cles disposed of was a beaver-skin cap,
which was made seventy-one years ago
out of the fur of the best beaver ever
captured iu the Chemung Valley, if not
in the State. The beaver was killed by
the father of Orvin Mapes, after it had
been hunted for twenty years.
There were very few beavers left in
the waters of this State or Pennsylva
nia in 1794, when Benjamin Patterson,
a noted hunter aud trapper of those
days, discovered a colony in Mud Creek,
a tributary of the Upper Chemung
river. This was the drat colony of
beavers that had been found thereabout
for some years. Patterson set his trap
and caught a beaver every night for
seven nights. On the eighth nignt a
beaver escaped from the trap and left
one of its hmd legs in it.
It is a peculiarity of the beaver fam
ily that if all the members of a colony
but one are captured or die, the sur
vivor will never again seek another
colony or follow the regular life of a
beaver, but will become a wanderer,
hiding wherever it can, and displaying
a cunning and sagacity that were
strange to it when it lived in a colony.
After finding the beaver’s leg in his
trap, and failing to capture any more
of the animals, Patterson knew he had
taken all but one of the entire colony,
and that that one had become a crippled
These solitary beavers were called
tramps by some trappers, and bachelors
by others. Patterson lost track of the
missing beaver, but the next year he
came upon signs of it. He could not
find its hiding places, however, and for
five years he followed the crippled bea
ver up and down the Chemung and its
branches, always on its trail, but never
succeeding in outwitting its cunning.
At the end of five years Patterson de
clared that the beaver bore a charmed
life, and that there w r as no use in wast
ing time on it. His brother Richard
thought differently, and continued the
search for the bachelor beaver. It was
heard of all over the valley, first in one
place and then in another, but Patter
son had no better luck in trapping for
it than his brother had, and in in 1807
all sighs of the wandering beaver had
disappeared. It was thought that it
had died or left the locality.
In 1809 Richard Patterson was trap
ping on the very head waters of the
Chemung and he discovered signs Of a
beaver. He could not locate it in any
one spot and it kept moving down the
stream. Patterson followed it all the
way to Newtown, where Elmira now
stands, without getting a sight of it.
At Newtown Eddy the beaver left the
stream, and Patterson discovered by
its tracks in the snow that it had but
three legs, and he made up his mind
the crippled bachelor beaver of 1794 had
turned up again. The trail led across
country seven miles to another stream,
where it disappeared and all trace of
the beaver was lost.
Nothing was heard or seen of it again
for nearly four years. In 1812 Benja
min Patterson was fishing in the Tioga
river, near Painted Post, and was sur
prised to see a beaver crawl out from a
clump of willows nearby him and draw
itself up the bank. One of its hind
legs was gone, and Patterson felt that
he was once more in the presence of
the charmed beaver. He picked up a
club and sprang toward the animal,
but it quickly disappeared in the water.
Patterson ran to a house near by and
got a rifle. When he retui ned to the
river the beaver was in the middle of
the river, swimming toward the other
shore. Patterson took good aim and
fired at it. It disappeared beneath the
water. Patterson, believing that he
had killed the beaver at last, jumped
into a boat and started out to look for
its body. Before he had gone far he
saw the beaver climb up on the other
side and disappear. Patterson then
swore that he would never again make
any attempt on the life of the bachelor
All sign of the mysterious tramp
was again lost. In the spring of 1814
there was an unusually large freshet
in the Chemung. Ira Mapes, father of
Orvin Mapes, was working on a raft
with two other men some distance
above Newtown. The flood became so
strong that just after the men had gone
to their raft to work early one morning
the rope broke and they were carried
'down stream. The raft landed on an
island near Newtown. A crop of corn
bad been raised on the island the year
before, and some of the shocks of stalks
had been left standing. The weather
was very cool and Mapes and the men
started for one of the corn shocks to
shelter themselves until they could be
taken off the island. There had been a
slight fall of snow during the night,
ana the men noticed a peculiar track
leading from the river to the corn
shock toward which they were going.
The track had been made by an animal
with but three feet The men picked
up clubs and surrounding the com
shock routed the animal oqt.
It was a very large and a very gray
beaver, and it was soon killed. One of
its hind legs was gone and the men
then knew that the crippled bachelor
beaver that bad foiled all the best trap
pers for twenty years had met its death
at their hands. Mapes bought all inT
terest in the beaver for 92, and subse
quently had the fur made into a cap.
When his son Orvin was married in
1830, he made him a wedding present
of the cap. It was only worn on state
occasions. Orvin Mapes’ son was mar
ried in 1879, and the cap wiis presented
to him. He was killed in Colorado two
or three years ago, and the cap was re
turned to his fi ther, who died last fall
The cap has a great local fame.
Another Lift Saved.
Chamberlain’s Colic, Cholera and
Diarrhoea Remedy cured me of chronic
diarrhoea after years of standing, when
it seemed I could live no longer, I was
S rowing so weak. I had tried several
octorsin this state and several in lowa,
but they could do nothing for me. 1
was Anally induced to try a bottle of
Soar medicine. After using three bot
es of it I was entirely cured. I can
not say enough in its praise. I wish
every family knew its worth as I do,
and I am sure they would never be
without it. Mrs. E. Gleason,
Salem, Dent Co., Mo.
Sold by Green & Bentley. 50
Tbe "Penelope” is a new white dah
lia with purple tipped petals.
Hay Fmr.
I have been a great sufferer from
Hay Fever for fifteen years. I read of
the many wondrous cure* of Ely’s
Cream Balm, and thought 1 would try
once more. 1 fifteen minuUe after one
application I was wonderfully helped.
Two weeks ago I commenced using it
and now I feel entirely cured. It is
the greatest discovery evei* known.—
Duhamel Clark, Farmer, Lee, Maas.
Price fifty cents. 3w2
It was formerly a German custom to
bury umbrellas in the coffins of the
dead. From time immemorial um
brellas have always been some other
place than where they were really
Educational Department.
Super intendent of Oskaloosa City Schools,
News and Notes.
W. J. Dean, superintendent of the
What Cheer schools, spent a few days
in the city, looking up sohool matters.
Atlantic is building a fine high school
building. It is similar to the new
Adams school at Ottumwa. The brick
work will be finished this month.
Buchanan county normal institute
had three terms the past year. Supt.
W. E. Parker is trying to bring the
scholarship up to a good standard.
Free text-books is the idea now being
talked about in Maine. Such a plan
has objections but it is better than mo
noi»oly by book houses, who terrorize
teachers and boards of education.
The schools of Hastings, Neb., opened
last week under the able management
of Supt. J. B. Monlux. Supt. M. is also
a fine teacher, and we predict a great
success for the schools of Hastings.
Red Oak high school will be under
the management of Miss Etta Chevalier
of Ames. Miss C. has had several
years’ experience in high school work,
much is expected of her at Red Oak.
The Dakota Agricultural College
opened its doors for the first time this
week. The Board announce that a
good practical education can be secured
at this institution at a smallest possible
Will C. Rayburn, last year’s principal
of the Lynnville schools, is re-elected
at the same place, and besides accepts
charge of the Friends’ school at that
place. It is the intention to institute
a seminary.
Dubuque county normal institute
opened its seventh day with 203 mem
bers. When the Democrats nominate
Supt. N. W. Boyer the Republicans
have at times concurred, giving him
no opposition.
Dan Miller, the popular and success
ful superintendent of Jasper county, is
a candidate for renomination before
the Republican convention. His work
is very highly spoken of by those who
are conversaut with it.
M. Blanche Scott has found it neces
sary to resign her place as a primary
teacher. Poor health has brought
about this change in expectation. We
hope she may soon • ecover and be able
to return to school work.
Prof. D. F. Call, of the chair of Greek
at the State University, died August
23, at lowa City. His death was caused
by quick consumption. He was a schol
arly man, and was at one time presi
dent of J»es Moines University.
Prof. Ira M. Delong returned to Cen
tral University at Pella as professor of
mathematics under the new manage
ment. This azures everybody that the
department he takes is a success. He
is an able and successful professor.
Hardin county is preparing to organ
ize reading circles. It is the intention
there to have twenty-four meetings a
year to meet aud talk over what has
been read. J. C. Hadley, the principal
of New Providence Academy, is the
county manager.
It was our pleasure to meet Dr. Spin
ney w’hile at Sigourney. He is the
president of the Baptist College at Bur
lington. He is a genial geutleman and
successful manager. Young people
who are under his care will receive
great benefit from personal contact
with him.
The following graduates of the State
University are residents of this county:
Amanda E. Rogers, H. 11. Seerley, Mrs.
L. G. Murphy, Rev. Dennis Murphy,
Prof. C. E. Tebbetts, Rev. Allan Judd,
Maime L. Loring, ltobt. Kissick, Jas.
A. Rice, O. C. Scott, Frank F. Evans,
Wm. A. Greer, Wm. G. Jones, Gideon
B. McFall.
The alumni of the State University
of lowa now number 2,327. In looking
over the alumni catalogue we are im
pressed with the value of the institu
tion as a school to fit young men and
women for practical life. Some of the
graduate* are very prominent in public
work. It is getting to be an impossi
bility for the faculty to keep track of
the location of the alumni.
Hon. J. W. Akers, superintendent of
public instruction, received quite a
compliment in his recent nomination.
Only one ballot was required and that
was decisive. He has a strong hold
upon the people of the State. His elec
tion is assured as the opposition candi
date is noted for his personal opposition
to the Bible, that will cost him many
votes. It is strange what things men
will do to imperil their candidacy.
Nearly everyone does something that
follows him like a nightmare.
The Mission of the Public Schools.
The American public school has a
work to do that is not given to the
schools of any other nation. The
prosperity and maintenance of the
schools in the United States depends
entirely upon the benevolence and en
terprise of the people of tho districts
in which they are situated. If a dis
trict has poor schools it is because the
people permit them to exist. If there
is not good talent employed as teacher
it is either because of indifference or
unwillingness to pay sufficient money
to get the talent needed. A cheap
school is always a poor one. People do
not expect to secure a good article for
a small price. They always discrimin
ate in favor of a first class article even
though it costs more.
It is not everybody that can get a
certificate that ought to be considered
competent to do the work you want in
your district. The directors must
know for themselves what they are
getting when they contract with a
teacher. Some suppose that it is the
county superintendent’s business to
certificate none but who he knows to
be successful. In some senses this is
true but it is asking of him an im
possibility and there are chances for
his not knowing which, still make the
directors responsible for the character
and success of a school.
The mission of the school is to de
velops the mental faculties of the
children. Discipline is of more value
than knowledge and it should receive
first consideration. It is desired that
the entire attention of the teacher be
given to this end, letting the children
work and think for themselves. That
teacher is the best one who develops
the most strength in the mental
operation, of her pupils. It is not so
much what we learn as how we learn
it. We care less for great growth than
we do for great strength. What the
child can use, what he is worth to the
world, what he can do, these are the
tests of the education given.
In morals the same thing is true.
Strength is desired in preference to
growth. We may know the right all
the time and fail in the test of strength
which is determined by the acts we
produce. This country does need men
and women who are trained in the do
ing of good, who are moved by motives
that determine true gentleness. There
is no safety for the nation, for the com
munity or for the home until this is
fully recognized and child life trained
to this standard. Goodness, virtue,
pure life become second nature when
the will and the character is under the
proper discipline. Give us children
who are able to go forward inflexibly
in right living and the prosperity and
greatness of the age is assured.
In Siam the cate have their tails
t hanged and are dyed yellow.
Gate .City. -
During the active canvass that pre
ceded the nomination of Mr. Larrabee
as the Republican candidate for Gov
ernor of lowa no attacks whatever
were made on him, and it was generally
conceded by Democrats as well as Re
publicans that his record was imvlner
able. After eighteen years’ service in
the State Senate there was not even a
suapicion that he had ever been con
nected with any kind of legislative
jobbery, nor could it be shown that
during that long period of activity he
was an advocate or supporter of un
wise measures. There was nothing in
his record that called for explanations
or apologies. Throughout his public
life he had been an honest, prudent,
and diligent servant of the people.
The only thing alleged against him was
that he was not a brilliant “stump
speaker” and could not tickle the ears
of the groundlings with the sound and
fury of electioneering oratory, It ap
pears, however, from his speech of
acceptance before the convention that
he is able to talk sound sense in a very
instructive and forcible manner. This
brief speech shows Mr. Larrabee to be
a man of ripened judgement and sound
views—one whose argument ought to
command the respect of all who are
capable of understanding them.
Mr. Larrabee’s brief speech was de
voted mostly to State matters, but it
left no doubt that he is a sound Nation
al Republican. He asked bis hearers
whether they expected to strengthen
the Nation or increase the prosperity
of the people by an advocacy of the
State-sovereignty heresies that have
given rise to the worst evils ever
known in the United States. Testing
the Democrotic party either by its
theories or its acts, he was willing to
submit the political conundrum wheth
er it had ever been right in a single
instance. He said:
“Has the Republican party ever been
wrong upon one question? Can you
name to me a single instance where the
Republican party has been wrong ? On
the other hand, can you name a single
instance where the Democratic party
has been right ? I put the question to
you, my Democratic friend, as I see a
few of you here today. Has there been
a question for the last thirty years
where the Democratic party has been
right regarding this great nation ? As
l hear no responce I will propound the
question and extend it back fifty years
and ask you to name a single question
where the Democratic paaty has been
right. Now, gentlemen, L ask you to
consider this. It is rather a hard
conundrum, because I hear no response,
and i ask you to take the matter home
with you.”
It would puzzle any Democrat to
answer this conundrum. The Demo
cratic party never is but always to be
right, and its advocates prophesy a
brilliant future on the score or an in
consistent and dishonorable past.
Throughout its history it has filled the
part the historian assigned to the
second George, who was “alway incon
sistent and always wrong.” The Re
publican party as such has made no
mistakes. Leading and influential men
have been guilty of great blunders at
times, but the acts were those of in
dividuals, and not of the party. The
great measures inaugurated by the
National Republican party stand so
thoroughly justified that the enemies
of that organization do not openly as
sail them, but only seek to induce the
people to abandon common sense and
not attempt to judge the future by the
past. Senator Larrabee’s comparison
really comprehends the entire logic of
the present political situation. The
question between the parties is one of
character, and this can only be judged
by the record.
In regard to matters in his own State
Mr. Larrabee takes the same position.
He points to the results of thirty years
of Republican rule, and asks the Dem
ocrats to declare where they expect to
improve the record. He refuses to be
lieve that the flourishing condition of
the State is the result of chance, and
that “the prosperity and happiness of
a people depend largely on the wisdom
with which its government is admin
istered.” The great issues arrising for
many years past have been solved to
the satisfaction of the people through
the agency of the Republican party.
On the temperance question Mr.
Larrabee frankly says he is wedded to
no theory, but regards it simply as a
matter of experiment to determine
what laws are best suited to the people
and calculated to commaud popular
approval. Mr. Larrabee may not be a
great “stump speaker,” but he is a man
clear-headed views, and no doubt the
people of lowa will be glad to hear
from him frequently during the
r 1 Cures Rheumatism. Neuralgia.
Kb ft t* UQI fl Rarkarbr, Ilrwlarbr, Toothache,
rui r alii
Fifty Out*. At DnKxlittii aud Dwlera.
Red Star
A bsohi
Free from Opiates, Emetic* and Poisons.
Caro for Coushn, Cold* and other Throat and
_ Luc Affections.
•»d ,rTV ™n a liorTi.r. at Dmuiuirra ako DKAt.ru.
•■■UiAKLKS A. VOtit-LEK CO..
The Woman’s Journal wants the
Government to pension for life every
woman, rich or poor, sick or well, who
has ever been a mother. The mothers
of some deserve three or four pensions.
Central Park, New York, is two and
a half miles long and a half mile wide.
It contains 862 acres.
St. Gotthard Herb Bitters con
tains, in admirable proportions, alter
ative, tonic, diuretic, laxative and other
valuable properties, which specially
adapt it for public and private con
It is true that, when washing their
faces, men always rub up and down
and snort, while women apply the
water and then stroke gently down
"When Baby ni rick, »* gare her Castorla,
When she was a Child, aba cried for Caatoria,
When ahe became Mian, she clung to Caatoria,
When aha had Children, aha gar* them Caatoria,
An elictric railway, now being laid
in Philadelphia, is to be opened for
travel October 1. Its cost is at the
rate of $25,000 per mile.
If the thousands who suffer from
scrofula, either acquired or hereditary,
were to use St. Gotthard Herb Brr
ters they would soon observe a marked
improvement in the character and
quality of their blood.
The first snow of the season in the
United States fell at Wilkesbarre, Penn.
August 28, and on the same day it
snowed at Quebec.
The first symptom of Files is intense
itching at night after getting warm.
This unpleasant sensation is immediate
ly relieved by an application of Dr. Bo
sanko’s Pile Remedy. Piles in all
forms, Itch, Salt Rheum, and Ringworm
can be permanently cured by the use
of this great remedy. Price 50 cents.
Manufactured by the Dr. Bosanko’s
Medicine Company, Piqua, O. Sold by
Grden A Bentley. Byl
A new notion among oculists is that
men’s eyes are more sensitive than
those of women to the colors red, yellow
and green.
The proof of the pudding is not in
chewing the string, but in having an
opportunity to try the article yourself.
Green & Bentley, the druggists, have
a free trial bottle of Dr. Bosanko’s
Clough and Lung Syrup for each and
every who is afflicted with Coughs,
Colds, Asthms, Consumption or any
Lung Affection. 5
Rev. Sam Jones—One dollar that a
boy sweats for Is worth lOOyOOO that
any boy will win in a lottery.
for Infants and Children.
“Castorlais so well adapted to children that I Caatorla cures Colie, Constipation,
I recommend it as superior to any prescription I four Stomach, Diarrhoea, EructAtiem.
known to me." JLA. A*cn», M. D„ I KiU | e 2££ l8 * «*"* “ d P™® o ** di '
ill So. Oxford Bk, Brooklyn, N. Y. | Without injurious medication.
Corner WaihlnKton nnd
Ist Ave N.
Minneapolis, Minn.
TERMS $2 Per Day.
l-f" Passengers arriving
in Minneapolis at the Grand
Union Station, the Chicairo,
Milwaukee & St. Paul depot, or
the Minneapolis A St, Louis de
pot, can save expense of car
riage hire and baggage transfer
by taking street cars to the door
of the WINDSOR. n2m3
Goods well Bought arehalf Sok.
Therefore come quickly or you miss the
greatest opportunity of the season.
—for —
Morris L. Levi
has bought the finest and best selected
stock of
Ready Made Clothing,
In Men’s, Youth’s Bov’s and Children’s
• t/
Suits, Hats, Caps and Gents
Furnishing Goods,
ever brought to this market, and will sell
them at prices that will surprise all
that call and examine my stock.
Remember that I sell no shoddy, but every
thing I or my clerks sell is warranted,
and point to my past record as an
assurance that what I have
done in the past I will continue in the fu
ture. I have also just received
a fine line ol
Cloths, Worsteds and Cassimeres
which I will make to order in the best pos
sible manner, by the best cutter and
workman in the city, and will guar
antee a fit in every case.
M. li. IiSYI,
Southwest Corner of Square.
P. . Do not forget that I am agent for
the Oskaloosa Whang Leather Glove.
Charles Huber,
Stoves and Tinware.
jv .
Builders’ Hardware,
Njails, Glass and Tools.
Favorite, Climax and Acorn Stoves.
Glidden Barbed Wire,
The best in the world. The best goods at fair prices is my motto. Call and see
f ,me when in want of anything m any line.
HTT A R I 1 it'T7
■lan ill iilwK Jm, JLJL KmJ In
West High tenet,
. . ' ; • . -‘t > I
Teas Cstrri.ua Cokpamt, 182 Fulton Street, N. Y.
will again distribute among his customers a large list of prizes.
Head the following:
First Prize, S2O in Gold.
2d. $5 in Gold. ] 14th. 1 pound Biack Tea.
3d. $2.50 in Gold. ! loth. 20 bars White Russian Soap.
4th. 6 packages Arbuckle’s Coffee. ; 16th. 20 bars Monday Morning Soap.
sth. 6 packages Panama Coffee. j 17th. 6 cans Cream Peaches.
Otb. 10 pounds Green Rio Coffee. i 18th. 6 cans Lord Baltimore Peaches.
7th. 10 pounds Browned Rio Coffee. ! 19th. 6 packages Muzzy Starch.
Bth. 20 pounds Granulated Sugar. ! 20th. 3 pounds Mixed Candy.
9th. 20 pounds Coffee A Sugar. 21st. 1 sack “Brown’s B< st” Flour.
10th. 20 pounds Coffee C Sugar. 22d. 1 three-hoop Wash Tub.
llth. 1 pound Young Hyson Tea. 23d. 1 three-hoop Bucket.
12th. 1 pound Gunpowder Tea. J 24th. 1 two-hoop Bucket.
I3tli. 1 pound Oolong Tea, 25th. 1 lb. Dr. Price’s Baking Powder.
Drawing Occurs Monday, Nov. 2, 1885.
THE PLAN.—Every purchaser of SI.OO worth of Groceries
will receive a Ticket.
All my Groceries are fresh, new, and of the best quality,
and will be sold as cheap as the cheapest.
william pagan,
The Knapp & Spalding Co.,
We have in stock a full line of Builders’, Shelf, aml Heavy
Hardware, Fine Cutlery, Carpenters’, Masons’, and Mine; s’ Tools,
Rubber and Leather Belting, Wagon and Carriage Stock, large
sizes of Manilla Rope, also Iron, Steel, Nails, Window Glass,
&c., &c., &c.,
At Bottom Prices Always.
! I
I f jj
A ti B * If iSff^JpQgfa^ 3^ Ng<>. JUFrTRSOY
c.^^wLSST* s a sS??3£f
Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific R’Y,
Being- the Great Central Line, affords to travelers, by reason of its unriv;.' : ? geo
graphic ai position, the shortest and best route between the East, Nor*ho;f.’ and
Southeast, and the West, Northwest and Southwest.
It is literally and strictly true, that its connections are all of the princip .. jines
of road between the Atlantic and the Pacific
By its main line and branches it reaches Chicago, Blue Island June., i* • burn
-Tunc., Joliet, Seneca, Peoria, Ottawa, La Salle, Geneseo, Moline and Rock I land,
n Illinois; Davenport, Muscatine, Washington, Keokuk, Knoxville. Oskeioosa,
Fairfield, Des Moines, West Liberty, lowa City, Atlantic, Avoca, Audubon,
Harlan, Guthrie Center and Council Bluffs, in Iowa; Gallatin, Trenton, Came;on
and Kansas City, in Missouri, and Leavenworth and Atchison in Kansas, and
the hundreds of cities, villages and towns intermediate. The
As it is familiarly called, offers to travelers all the advantages and comforts
incident to a smooth track, safe bridges. Union Depots at all connecting points,
Fast Express Trains, composed of COMMODIOUS, WELL VENTILATED,
PULLMAN’S latest designed and handsomest PALACE SLEEPING and BUF
FET CARS, and DINING CABS that are acknowledged by press and people to
superior meals are served at the low rate of SEVENTY-FIVE CENTS EACH.
TWO TRAINS each way between CHICAGO and MINNEAPOLIS and ST.
PAUL, via the famous
The New and Direct Line, via Seneca, Kankakee and Cincinnati, recently
opened for business between the West and Newport News, Richmond, Cincin
nati, Indianapolis and La Fayette, and Council Bluffs, St. Paul, Minneapolis and
intermediate points, is rapidly becoming a favorite with Through Passengers,
Through Cars for all Through Passengers on Fast Express Trains.
For more detailed information, see Maps and Folders, which may be obtained,
as well as Tickets, at all principal Ticket Offices in the United States and Can
ada, or of
Prss’t & Gen’l Manager, Gen’J k’t & Paas’r Af’t,
103 2 -103
Is the price we are now making on all
Summer Dress Goods, White Goods, Ging
hams, Ribbons, Lawns, Shirtings, Hos
iery, Fans, Clothing, Summer
Hats, Etc., Etc.
We want you to remember that we are
The Merchant Tailors
Of the town. We carry the Largest and
finest stock, an 1 have the
Best Cutter in !owa.
We sell tbe Celebrated Clarendon Shirt, patent back, cannot
tear down behind. We can show you special drives in
Ladies Dress Goods,
For less than 25 per cent on the dollar. Also a remnant of
Shoes that we want to and mil at close out.
Remember 103, West Side Square.
Boyer & Barnes,
J. W. Bowdle
James Coagro, Laura L. Coagro and K. O. Mor
In the Circuit Court of the State of lowa, in and
for Mahaska County, October Term,
A. I)., 1885.
To James Ooagro. Laura L. Coagro and U. O. >
You are hereby notified that a petition of J.
W. Bowdle is uow filed In the oflioe of tbe Clerk j
of the Circuit Court of the State of lowa, in and
for Mahaska County, claiming of you the fore
closure of a mortgage executed by James Cos
gro and Laura L. Coagro to J. W. Bowdle. on
the 38th day of April, 1883, to secure the sum of
two thousand and forty dollars on tbo east Mi
of the north Mi of the north-east 14 of tbe north- J
east Vt of section 13, township Ttt, range 17 weal, :
and that unless you appear thereto and defend
before noon of tne Second Day of the October (
Term, A. IX, 1885, of nid Court, whiofa wIU .
commence on the fid Monday of October, 1885, !
default will he entered against yon and Judg- j
ment and decree rendered thereon as pray ed
for In said petition.
Srfr |Sg 4 ,„„ II
J. Emmond*
Francis learned, Martha Learned and Presley
In tbe Circuit Court of the State of lowa, in
and tor Mahaska Countv. Ootober
Term, A. l>., 1885.
To Francis Learned, Martha Learned and Pres
ley Learned;
You are hereby notified that a petition of J
Km moods la now filed in the ofilce of the Clerk
of the Circuit Court of the State of lowa. In and
for Mahaska county,claim in* of you tbeautetinn
of his title to the following deacrUsMUtnda”
wit: The W *of the .VcttSn
shi?5 hi ?h 7 ?’ lo west, and for other relief set
■ forth tn the petition, and that unlees you ai»-
i pear thereto aud defend before noon of the Sec
, ond day of the Ootober Term, A. 18S5. of
■ said court, which will oommence on tbe su
Monday of October, lias, default will be enter
ed against you aud judgment and decree ren
t’d thereon as preyed tor is said petition.
LarvMtrr A Mosaur.
,w * Attorneys for Plaintiff,
\ . ■ ifOy ife

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