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The Oskaloosa herald. (Oskaloosa, Mahaska County, Iowa) 1885-1919, December 17, 1885, Image 10

Image and text provided by State Historical Society of Iowa

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87058308/1885-12-17/ed-1/seq-10/

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(Joel Benton, j
A. nilly raouae, think tug enuh thing n cat,
Fell into n helpleaa worn meal thernnt;
Bat. noticed by n winrd living near,
Was turned into a oat to end its fear.
No sooner was the transformation done
Than dreadful terror of a dog begun.
Niw, when the wisard saw this latest throe,
“ilere, be a dog," be said, "and end youi
But, though a dog, its soul had no release.
For fear some tiger might disturb its peace
Into a tiger next the beast was made.
And still'twas pitiful and son afraid,
Beoame the huntsman might, some ill
starred day,
Happen along and take its life away.
“Then,* said the wisard, turning to his
“Too hare a monee% haart—now be a
mourn* ”
*Tis so with men; no earthly help or dower
Can add one atom to their native power;
Them from their smallnees nothing oan
No art can make a lion from a mouse.
Over a Million Copies of Old Newspapers
Collected on an Original Capital
of »*— Hello* of Old
Robert M. Rudd (“Hack Number Rudd"
h* is called) is a colored man and was born
in Washington thirty-two veam ago. Five
years ago he came to New York with $8 in
hi» pocket and opened a boot-blacking stand
where Wallack's theatre now ia Shrewd,
enterprising and industrious, he got along
and soon branched out into the newspaper
businesa l ike other newsdealers he some
times found himself with unsold copies of
the daily papers on his hands. The fre
queut inquiry for old papers suggested an
idea to Mr. Rudd and his present busi
ness is the carrying out of the idea—the
keeping of complete tiles of all New York
papers so as to be able to furnish back
numbers at any tima *
In the basement of 1272 R road way,
on the east side of the street, a few doors
above Thirty second, Rudd has his place
He still does business as a bootblack, but
numerous signs inform the public that
here they may subscribe for any publics
lion desired At one side of the entrance
to the ilark basement is this notice: “ Hack
numbers of all daily papers for every <iay
in the tear,” while opposite U another
sign, “ 1 oots blacked. 5 cents." Still
another informs the public that the place
is open every day in the year from ti
a m. to 10 p.m., and that whilo seven
boot-blacking tickets may be bought for
2 > cents, the proprietor is not wifiiug to
labor on the Lord's day for nothing, and
theretore charges 10 cents for blacking
boots after 6 p. m. on Sunday.
Wheu a reporter visited the place it was
very dark, except at the foot of the stairs,
and a dim jet of gas in the back part of
the room only seemed to add to the gen
era! gloom Ail about the room, on
shelves, tables and counters, were piles of
newspapers. The proprietor, a tall, good
uaiured young fellow, was busy writing
in a book, stopping now’ and then to sort
out some particular pa|«r from a loose
pile behind him.
“ Yes, "he said. “I’m Hack Number
liudd. That nickname helps to advertise
my business, so Idon t mind. I've been
here since Feb 20, 18 s 2; began with less
than a wagon-load of old papers, and now
I have 1,500,000.
“V\ hat do 1 charge for these old pa
pers? That depends on how old they are
and how much they are wanted." My
prices run trom 5 cents up (sometimes
these- lawyers want a pajer to use in
court, and they have to pay for it. The
muet I ever charged for a single paper
was #2O. A lawyer paid me #4O for two
copies of The bun published in 1801.
Newspaper men often borrow papers,
look them over here in the shop and pay
me 50 cents or #l. A large part of my
trade is in the country, but I never seud
gi|>ers out until they are paid for. Gen.
rant has taught papers from me In
June, I*B4. be (auie and got a month's
tile of the containing an account of
the Grant «V Ward failure, and the next
day his wife got The World and Tribune
for the same time.
“How do I keep track? Oh. that's easy
enough. The papers are arranged by
dates and tied in bundles of one mouth;
then each paper has its own particular
shelves, and the bundles are stored in reg
ular order and each bundle is tagged.
Here, for instance. ” pointing to a pile of
papers, "is The World lou see, they
are arranged in double rows of six; that
Jives twelve bundles, one year, on each
leif. You ask for The World of July 4.
1883. Here s the *B3 shelf; July is the
end bundle in the second row (seventh
month, you know, and the paper you
want is the fourth from the top of the
bundle The only trouble is that I'm
getting crowded and will soon need more
room This p ace is 24x35, and it's full
already. I keep files of twenty five
dailies, two '-unday papers anil eight week*
* "Who are your best customers?”
“Newspaper men and lawyers, but I
have calls from ail sorts of people—lots of
them from out of town. "
“Does the busineaa pay?”
“Well, I have 1,500,(XX) old papers—
you can put any value on them you please
—and 1 guess I ve got the value of the $8
I started out with Next year 1 want to
buy a lot somewhere and put up a build
ing to store my stock in. 1 haven’t room
for many more here. Yes, the business
pay*. but I'm not too proud to black boots
yet awhile.
" Here are some old papers, " placing
before the re orter a pile dusty and brown
with age. The first was a Herald of May
28, 1844. The leading article was K va / irrfi.
“Squire Boggs Great tatter Against
James Gordon Hennctt and the New York
and Frie Fail road < ornpany. ” A Police
Gazette of May 20, 1835, had on its first
page a wretched wood cut of the capture
of Jell Davis; a Frank Leslie s of April
20, 1835, showed Booth shooting Lincoln,
while the issue of May 3 contained pic
tures of Lincoln's funeral; and a week
later, a full-page picture of two men in a
boat dumping a sheeted figure Into the
tea was entitled, “The Assassin’s Fnd ”
Other papers were a Herald of Aug. 20.
1830, containing an account of the open
lag of Central park, a Tribune of Nov.
2, 1844, with a two-column leader
headed. “Can 1 < onacientioualy Vote for
Henry Clay?” and signed. “A Professed
Christian; a bound volumn of The sun
for the year 1834, including a copy of
J une 20, of that year, with turned
column rules for the death of tafayetle
The bun of those days was a four page
sheet, with three short oolums to the
page. The editors were Benjamin 11
l>ay and George W. Wiener.
The Cur la Finland.
[for Lotidou Standard ]
The Russians, It must always be iw
numbered, are cordially detested in Fin
land—there is no doubt about that An
exception i* made in favor of the emperor,
but the difference between the wsy his
Majesty is received in Russia and the
crand ducny is very remarkable. There
be is the czar, the autocrat, the demigod
almoMt, whose word is law, and who. like
the pope, can do no wrong Here is the
eonsiitutlonal monarch, and. as one saw
at the students’ concert and elsewhere,
piers the role whan necessary with ease
and effect
In France this ingenious method of In
flicting annoyance is popularly know by
the uaiue of “scie "an elastic term in
eluding every variety of mystification:
although it may be noted to the credit of
our neighbor* that their pleasantries am
generally harmless, and do not. as is oc
aasioually the cam with us, degenerate
Into horswpiay.
What They Arm Wmtmttnm Wmr.
IStrtr Tort Wurkl.i
Old bachelors who make the round of
tbe various resort*, and are as wary and
hard to catch as lamprey eels, have
jotted down their imprecations of the dif
ferent place* thus Long Branch, the
most white lace drosses, dogs and fortune
hunters. Cape May, fra y satin mull
fichus and mamma* Asbury l ark, the
most Puritanical philosophy; Newport,
big dinners aud drags Nantasket 1 leach,
culture and cheeks like peaches and
©ream Martha's Vineyard, schoolmans*
and verbs Mount l>esert dyspepsia and
" J ana White Mountain* ousiness,
-uns and breams, and the White tvnl-
T . rml Mr phur >priug», \a, more paint powder,
qs pretty girt* wild love-making, trailing
gown*, black eyes and match maker* than
anywhere on the globe
A aclouMß tmmp.
lArkaacso TrsveW.)
Professor A. landmark, chief director
of the Norwegian fisheries, finds that
unde - favorable conditions n salmon may
sometimes jump sixteen feet perpendicu
larly. and that when the fish* leap is n
foot or two ahurt of the waterfall it often
succeeds in completing the aaosat by a
dextrous use of the taiL
lajrlsf Us* • TwsssrasM VUlafa
Clark Whittier, a brother of the poet,
hm eetwred acres of timber tana in
tiwm county, North Carolina, and is
laying out a lows founded upon the saw
ini iHhe plow the IliWe and prohibition
Ail real estate reverts to the town when
owner thereof sella or lngrs uuo&ieu
****** .
New York.
rN>w York Wortd.l
I‘netiwl Joking la rnut.
[Exchange |
One Dozen Florida Oranges to Every Person Purchasing S2OO Worth of Candy of Us On or Before Dec. 23,
Yours, Chock Full of Happiness.
Educational Department.
Superintendent of Oskaloosa City Schools,
Physical Training.
There is no doubt but what children
of city birth are not developed physic
ally as well as they ought to be. Sent
to school three-fourths of the year,
they are developed intellectually, too
frequently at the expense of health and
The physical well-being of many of
the children is below a normal condi
tion, and frequently necessity makes
an early withdrawal the ouly means of
To overcome this tendency, our high
school has had classes for two years in
dumb-bells and iu Indian clubs. The
pupils that have belonged to these
classes have constantly displayed the
most vigor of body aud of mind. The
members of these classes have gotten
their lessons easier than many others
that thought they did not have the
time to devote to such drills, while the
health and strength has been much im
Such experience justifies the organi
zation of the classes again for this year,
and this week the pupils will begin to
take instruction under the direction of
Miss Delia Knight, one of the best
qualified instructors of the West, in
this subject.
The teachers of the grammar and the
primary grades have likewise felt a
need of having some sort of physical
exercises in their schools to straighten
up the pupils’ posture in standing and
sitting as well as to bring about a more
active condition so necessary to secur
ing good study and lively recitations.
To this end, it has been decided to in
troduce a system of gymnastics into
all the schools that will not need any
apparatus, and during the winter
months, a few minutes each day will
be employed in going through these
concert exercises that will call into
action every muscle of the body. The
teachers, of our city, are always ready
to do anything that will improve the
schools or benefit the children, and they
show their customary diligence in
eagerly taking hold of the work, pre
paring themselves for the giving of
these lessons. There is no doubt or
the ultimate success of the movement
since teachers, endow’ed with such
characteristics of work and determina
tion, will never stop short of brilliant
Dr. Thomas’ Idea.
Our people had recently the privilege
of hearing a lecture by this distin
guished platform orator on “Social
Forcee.” Among the many things
touched by the reverend gentleman,
was the power of the public school in
developing and determining the coming
generation. He criticised the school on
its machine methods and in its waste
of time in the teaching of many sub
jects. He stated that any child should
be able to learn all that the school needs
to impart in the study of geography in
a period of six months. He also said
that any child ought to get enough of
the history of this world in the same
time. He objected to the many ques
tions of trifling charcter that are found
in text-books on these subjects, and as
sumed that the schools were following
a routine plan requiring each child to
learn fifteen hundred set answers in
geography and a like number in the
branch of history. Of course, there
was an intentional exaggeration of the
facts, as the gentleman stated, but he
claimed that with all the devotion the
people of this country granted to their
schools, yet there was more truth than
all liked to admit in his statement.
Such iconoclastic talk always has its
effect. It makes people think serious
ly about matters, and as a result, come
to some definite position for which
they have good reasons. The infer
ence of the lecturer that geography and
history are taught in the schools as an
end to themselves is erroneous. Both
of these subjects have an underlying
language study that is, in many re
spects, more valuable to the child that
pursues them than the facts them
selves. We admit that many of these
minor facts are of no value, but they
serve as a basis of conversation be
tween teacher and pupil, and the true
teacher does not try to secure a re
membering of these facts as they have
already served their purpose in secur
ing mental and language training.
Were the gentleman to sit down and
prepare an epitome of geography and
history that he deems essential, and
should then test it in a practical way,
be would be pursued by untamed
critics, who would easily show that
such a teaching of these great branches
that opeii up to the mind the home and
the deeds of the human family, in the
way indicated by the lecturer, is so
meager that their study is entirely of
little consequence.
At the closing of the lecture, the po
sition was taken that the State should
instruct every child in the laws under
which he was to live. True, the claim
was made that these laws could be re
duced to a simple and concise form,
hit the audience could plainly see that
ttie speaker made too little of the re
lations that laws govern, and showed
little appreciation of the greatness and
extent of the laws made, under which
all humanity will continue to live.
When be made this requirement, he
insisted upon a thing that was worse
than the most depraved method of
teaching geography and history as it
is not at all likely that any particular
child will ever need to know all the
laws under which it is living and if it
did the lecturer's plan must be put in
force as is really done by the lawyer of
to-day, w look it up.” Law in its most
simplified form is a study for mature
men and women, and they know that
it is too extensive for even the best
matured mental power.
Then such a course would violate
the very principles laid down In the
lecture as deserving control of the
course of instruction in the public
school. The government in the family,
in the school and in the btate, is a
practical teaching of Law that is of the
most value. The boy that learns obe
dience to law and respect for law in
the home and in the school is not in
danger of becoming a bad citizen of
the republic. Have the laws of the
home enforced, have the laws of the
school carried into execution, and then
supplement the work of these by the
strict enforcement of the taws of the
btata, and the great problem of self
_.- _ A

o Our Friends and Patrons We Extend the Compliments of the Season!
We realize that Our Success has been due to the Generous Support of the Public in General, and we feel confident that our untiring efforts to please have been appreciated and trust we will merit our
reward in the “ Sweet Bye-aud-Bye ”; but as that is a period of uncertainty, and there being a possibility of our not meeting yon all ou that eveutful day, we will cease our song of the future and linger awhile
in the present. Now what do we wantf We want your Holiday Trade. We have the Largest Stock of TOYS, PURE FRESH CANDY, FRUIT, AND NUTS ever brought to the city. We have not filled
our house with Cheap , Poisonous Trash , such as all the Boards of Health throughout the East have comdemued, but everything is Fresh and Pure , most of which is manufactured by us from Pure Cream and
Sugar. Don’t fill the stomachs of the sweet little cherubs with poison and maybe cause their death just to save a few paltry cents. A great mauy will say : “ Dutton & McCulloch are so busy we cau’t get
waited ou.” We know this, because everbody waits until the very last day to buy of us. To remedy this as much as possible, we make a generous present for everyone that purchases their Holiday Stock of us
and we positively wiU not make this generous present after the 23 d of Dtcimber. Make the children happy Christmas Day, make yourself, your sister, that other fellow’s sister, make everybody happy!
And where? Oh, where can you buy happiness so cheap as at
There is another point deserving at
tention. At the age the children are
in the public school, not as much can
be accomplished as the lecturer
thought. Language must he developed
and mastered before a person is pre
pared to accomplish much in the study
of any special branch in a short time.
Every subject of study, every trade,
every profession has a distinct lan
guage of its own that must he made
the property of the student before he
is qualified to make progress in its
work. With defective language, mea
ger vocabularies and inability to get
thought from the printed page, the
child, who undertakes the study of
geography or history, has quite a task
to accomplish, aud the teacher, who can
remove the difficulties and help him
over the obstacles, does him a favor
that can never be fully appreciated by
the one assisted. In another article
we will try to point out some other
fallacies in such a course of reasoning.
It is well for such criticisms to he
made. They are a kindness to the
teacher as they lead him to study his
profession from a psychological as
well as a practical standpoint.
Whittier College located at Salem,
lowa, was burned December 4. All the
library and other appliances were lost.
This is quite a blow to the prospects of
this institution owned and managed
by the Society of Friends.
The Atlantic Telegraph has an
educational department under the
charge of Supt. J. J. McConnell. It is
full of interesting educational in
telligence and had a fine editorial on
compulsory education iu the last
J. A. McLean, superintendent of
Montgomery county for the past six
years accepts the principalship of the
Griswold schools taking the place made
vacant by the death of Mr. Earthman.
Mr. McLean is a fine school teacher
and will give satisfaction in his new
SupL R. U. Frost, of Cass county, is
preparing to go to Colorado to spend a
part of the winter. He is greatly af
flicted with asthama. His many friends
in the State hope that a change of
climate will benefit him. He is a
member of the executive committee of
the State Teachers’ Association.
The Maaou City High School
7’ribune is the last venture on the sea
of amateur journalism. Its editor-in
chief is Earnest H. Norris one of the
best boys in the State. The first number
is creditable and much more interest
ing than is the rule with that kind of
editorial work. We congratulate the
school and the editors on the enterprise
shown by this little literary messenger.
It need hardly be said that our city
high school is proud to have once
counted among its members such a
promising young man as Earnest
Miss Alice Avey of the city corps of
teachers has been tendered a situation
as a teacher in the Patterson ville
Academy that will probably lead to
her leaving our county. This flourish
ing young academy is under charge of
the Congregationalist church, and is
located at Pattersonville, Sioux county.
It is quite complimentary to Miss Avey
to be invited to become a member of
the teaching force of such a promising
educational institution. Her depart
ure to this new field of labor will be
regretted by those associated with her
and yet they will wish her abundant
success in her new province.
Many pupils of the Third Ward
school, and also the Fourth Ward
school are doing some of the most suc
cessful original designing that it has
ever been our privilege to see. Their
taste for this type of industrial work
developed last year under the manage
ment of the teachers, now permits them
to go on with the work in a manner
that is particularly characteristic of a
cultured taste and decidedly pleasing
to their present teachers. The at
tention of the public is called to this
new work. It is of great value to the
pupils as it trains observation, judg
ment and descretion in a way that no
other work in our schools can do.
We expect before long, to present in
this column a physicians’ view on the
use of tobacco by boys. We trust that
it will cause many to stop and think
before they go on and fasten the terrible
habit upon them. From time to time
we have taken a decided stand on this
q uestion. We have even been told that
in our zeal we have guessed at many
things stated. There is not a man in
the county, whether a tobacco user or
not, if he could stand in our place a
few months, and see the ruinous effects
of this narcotic on boys, but what
would, if he was conscientious, be as
enthusiastic as we are for the abating
the evil.
Miss Mary McOowen, of Englewood,
111., under whose superintendence £liss
Thao. Roth, O. H. 8. Class ’B3, is work
ing writes us: “I have wanted this
long time to write and tell you how
much we are pleased with Miss Roth.
She is going to make a fine teacher and
is so devoted to the children that we
are delighted with her. Our school is
very prosperous—plenty of pupils and
all doing finely. Wish you could spend
an hour or so with us in the school.”
Theo’s many friends in this city and
county will rejoice with her in the
commendation of her principal. It is
very gratifying to us to read the good
words. There is nothing sweeter to
the human heart than M succees.”
Tne Captain’s Daughter. Reci
tation for children under 15 years of
age, at the Opera House, Christmas
day. Brize, #1.50:
We were crowded in tbe cabin,
Not a soul would ears U> sleep;
It was midnight ou tbe waters.
And a storm was on tbe deep.
TU a tearful thing In winter
To be shattered by tbe blast,
And to bear tbe rattling tuumpet
Thunder, “Cut away the mast!”
So we shuddered there in silence;
For tbe stoutest bold bis breath.
While tbe hungry sea was roaring,
And breakers talked with death.
And as thus we sat in darkness.
Each one busty In bis prayers,
“We are lost!” tbe captain shouted.
As be staggered down tbe stairs.
But his little daughter whispered,
As tbe took bis ley band,
‘lsn't God upon tbe oeeaa
Just tbe same as on tbe land?”
Then we kissed tbe little maiden.
And we spoke in better cheer;
And we anchored side in harbor,
When the mom was shitting clear.
J _ i jgg v . > i-A
New* and Not®*,
■■ ■ ' -•
Christmas Goods
Much Cheaper Now Than Ever Before!
In Plush, Leather & Gold Plated. vx 50 Cents to 15 Dollars.
Only place kept iu the City, The Latest Revisions, Finely Illustrated.
At Wholesale Prices. IME At Very Lowest Prices.
68c to SIO.OO. | "FP. Toilet Sets and Vases,
Finest Bindings. Almost given Away.
A handsome line of Autograph The best stock of
A!1 kiuds and Prices. -JlzzL Iu Central lowa, Cheaper than the Cheapest.
The Finest Line of Examine our stock of
Christmas Cards * Artists’ Materials,
And at the Lowest Prices. Finest Line and the Lowest Prices.
Select from 10,000 or more excellent stock of
Miscellaneous Books, Books in Sets,
History, Fiction, Travels. Etc. At less than wholesale Prices.
Retailed at Less than Wholesale Prices- Don’t fail to Examine these Big Bargains-
Come and
Whitaker & Shriver,
Have added a large variety of
Silver Plated Table Ware , Table Cutlery , Pock
et Knives t Scissors and Skates
To their general line of
Stoves, Tinware and Hardware.
Would call special attention to the
Royal Argand,
A new Hard Coal Burner.
They are offering special Low Rates on
Heating Stoves and have a large Variety
from which to select,
-/‘•c v- .. . ~ ; . *» „ . • ■ 4 _ /. •, ,
£a. i- §y2 *» A. .
SMr - J,\ 4 iW J? I W y <jUjioM^. >WV
As£*::psUii, l4 .*J
See before You Buy, for We Lead but
Never Follow on Low Prices.
No. 117 West High Street.
The best Heating Stove on the market for
either Hard or Soft Coal. Satisfaction
guaranteed. For sale by
South Side Hardware Store.
Palace Aladdin,
Oskaloosa, Mahaska Co., lowa.
“Here, Nora, throw these branches
out ou the street; we must not litter
the room,” and Mrs. Luring handed
Nora, her upper servant and faithful
friend, two small branches which had
been cut off the great Sunday-school
Cnristraas tree which they were trim
Nora was a kind and loving soul, and
when Mrs. Loring handed her the
branches of pine she ran down the
stairs and out on the sidewalk, think
ing that it was a pity to throw those
beautiful branches away.
A i agged, dirty girl was standing at
the chapel door, looking curiously in.
She had a hardened, wicked look, and
when Nora appeared in her pretty, dark
dress and apron trimmed with rick-rack
the girl made a face at her. But Nora
saw below the dirt and ugliness, below
the hard crust of hateful rebellion, into
the heart which God loved and for
which Christ died.
“Would you like these branches for a
Christmas tree?” she said. “Here is a
quarter to buy something to trim them
with.” It was her last quarter till after
Christmas, hut Nora did not mind that
The girl's face hardly changed; she
did not hold out her hands for the greens,
but seized the quarter woltishly and
Nora sighed as she ran back.
Nance looked at the quarter hungrily,
turning it over to he sure “it wanrt
filled in,” and then stooped and picked
up the branches which Nora had
“Dick shall have ’em and the money
too,” she muttered; “hut I must be fiyin’
round, or Sal 'ull heat me again to-night.
Christmas! If they’d ha’ let me into
that church last Sunday, 1 might ha’
found out for Dick what it’s all about,
but the gal said as how no new ones
would he ’lowed till next Sunday, and
then it’ll be over! Well, I’ll hide these
and be off!”
The girl ran up an alley and shoved
her branches behind a barrel, which
was frozen fast In a corner, and then
she hurried off to the junction of
Broadway and Fifth avenue, where she
begged from passer-by. It was a lucky
day for Nance. People are inclined to
be liberal just before Christmas, and
ladies with their arms full of bundles
dropped pennies into her hand, some
of them with a thought of what their
own girls might be but for God’s good
ness, some merely to relieve their purses
of cumbersome coppers. None really
cared for the girl, for she was not by
any means attractive. None? Yes,
one woman did care.
Late in the afternoon, as Nance was
rattling her pennies and thinking she
might treat herself to a stale bun and
a cup of coffee, she saw a lady coming
toward her with a little boy on each
side. Nance was shrewd enough never
to let a woman with a child go by, for
she had learned that, from some cause
or another, such an one seldom refused
her a copper.
“Please, ma’am!” she whined as the
lady and her boys passed. The oldest
boy pressed his mother’s arm and looked
up in her face.
“May I give her my ten cents?” he
The mother looked at the hardened,
dirty face, and “No” rose to her iips;
but some God-given impulse changed
it to “Yes,” and she added: “You two
boys may run to the shop window while
1 sneak to the girl.
Rob handed Nance his dime and then
Mrs. Haring said gently:
“Couldn’t you earn a living instead
of begging ? I’d buy you a broom if
you would sweep a crossing. Then
after a while, you might get something
to sell. Would you like to try ?”
“’Taint no good,” muttered Nance.
Mrs. Haring stopped in her earnest
ness and said: “My dear girl, it’s worth
trying! Either you can grow up a good,
true womau, as God wants you to, or
you can go on begging and perhaps—
before you know it—stealing. Come to
my house for your Christmas dinner—
here is my number—and I hope you
will be able to tell me you are earning,
not begging, a living. Shall I buy the
broom ?"
“Please, ma’am,” said Nance vory
humbly, and with a strange stirring at
her poor heart. So they joined the
boys and Mr. Haring chose out a good,
stout broom for Nance. Rob was
greatly interested in the whole matter,
and whispered to Nance that the pud
ding was just splendid and mamma
would give her lots of turkey.
It was too late to begin business that
day, so, with the broom in one hand
and the branches of pine in the other,
Nance went back to the wretched place
where she lived with a woman named
“Sal,” who boarded several girls and
boys, making them beg for her. But
before she went to “Sal’s” room, Nance
climbed to the attic of the house next
door, and going in without knocking,
she flung the branches dowu on abed
in the corner, where lay a sick child.
“There, Dick, that’s a Christmas!
And I’ve a whole quarter to spend on
stuff to put on it—pretty things! And
I’m set up in business, Dick, and I’m
a-goin’ to be good—just think of it,
The crippled boy was glad to see how
pleased Nance was, and very glad of
the pretty, green branches. Poor little
fellow! It did not take much to make
him glad.
“Have you got time to fix ’em up like
a tree, Nance?” he asked. “I seen a
tree once, when father was alive and
before mother took to drink. It had
bright balls on it and candles and can
dies. I'd like you to set these up. My!
Ain’t they heavy ?” and the poor weak
hands gave up trying to lift the bofighs,
which seemed but a feather’s weight to
“Why, Dick!” the girl exclaimed joy
ously, “here’s your flower-pot—it’ll be
just the thing! The dirt’s in it yet
i’ll wet it up a bit and plant ’em—
shouldn’t wonder if they’d grow.”
Dick’s eyes lit with hope and eager
ly be watched as the fgirl stuck the
branches in, tying them together and
making quite a pretty little tree of
“Now, to-morrow night I’ll put the
things on, Dick, and we’ll have Christ
mas—we two! And then the nextday
I’m to go to dinner at the lady’s and
I’ll try to bring you some of the pud
ding and the turkey the little boy told
me of.”
Then Nauce had to leave, while Dick
waited iu the gathering gloom for his
mother’s step—would it be Arm and
soft, or heavy and tottering?
An hour after, she came up the stairs;
she had kept away from the corner
store aud was more like herself than
she had been for a long time. More
like herself, but, just for that reason,
more utterly wretched aud discour
aged than we, who have never been
enslaved by drink, can guess.
“Is that you, mother ?” asked Dick
in the dark. “Oh, won’t you light the
lamp, so’s I can see my Christmas
tree? What does Christmas mean,
anyway? I asked Nance, but she
couldn’t tell.”
Mary Wall’s heart smote her that
her boy should ask such a question.
“Why it happens—it means—well, it’s
Christ’s birthday. He was born on
Christmas day.”
“Christ! Is He the ‘Jusus’ that you
talk about when—when—”
The woman flushed: “Yes, He is
Jesus Christ— He is God, and he came
on earth as a little baby.”
“I suppose He was rich, and grand
even when he was a baby, asked Dick
curiously—he did so love a story.
“No, indeed,” said the mother slow
ly. The Savior’s wondrous love and
condecension dawned upon her as she
told the “old, oid story.” “No, indeed!
He came as a poor child—He was born
in a stable—”
“Why, that’s worse than a garret,”
put in Dick.
“Yea, and then, when he grew up He
went about doing good. But at last
they nailed him to the criss—”
The child gave a long; shuddering
sigh. -
“But He came out of the grave,
Dick, and went up into heaven, and
there He is now.”
“Don’t He care for us, mother said
Disk after it pause. “Don’t He eare for;
little lame boys like me? Do you
think He remembers about Christmas
and likes us to have a tree T
“Yes, 1 do, Dick; I know he cares—
shame on me that I’ve not taught you
better! lie loves us and wants us to
pray to him.”
The poor mother fell ou her knees,
sobbing bitterly, but angels rejoiced at
her tears, for she, too, prayed at last —
“God be merciful to me a sinner!”
Dick felt very tired after this and
enjoyed his mother’s gentle care of him
and the cup of tea and bit of toast she
prepared so lovingly. Then he fell
asleep and dreamed pleasant dreams
till the morning broke.
Nance was very fortunate the next
day, for it was “slushy,” and no one
claimed the crossing she chose. She
worked hard and kept it thoroughly
cleaned, so that one and another as
they passed by felt that she had earned
a penny and she had a great number
by the end of the day. Tired, yet
wonderfully happy, she dragged her
self, cold and dirty, up to Dick’s attic,
but when she threw open the door she
started back, thinking that she must
have made a mistake. But there lay
Dick !
“Come in,” cried the boy, “come in !
Mother’s just gone out, but she’ll be
back. Oh, Nance, she knew about
Christmas, and it’s just lovely—Jesus
Christ was born on Christmas, and he
loves us still, and mother and me,
we’re going to do just the best we
know how, ’cause that pleases Him,
and you can talk to Him and ask Him
whatever you want.”
Nance stood still, amazed. The
room had been thoroughly cleaned,
even the flower-pot in which the greens
stood was scrubbed.
“Well! It’s splendid, anyhow!” she
said at last, “and I’ve bought lots of
things for your tree. See—hens o’
candy and little candy chickens and
dogs and a big elephant; and here’s
lots of pop-corn—all strung—the
woman says I'm to hang that on the
tree and —just look a-here!” and Nance
lifted carefully out of its tissue wrap
ping, a little figure of an angel.
Dick gazed with happy eyes; then
the two dressed the tree. I don’t
think any big tree ever gave mace
pleasure than that little one. In the
midst of their fun, Mrs. Wall came in
with a New Year’s cake for Dick and
such pleasant words for Nance that
the girl hated to have to go away.
Mary saw how she lingered, and said:
“Why can’t you stay here, Nance?
You’re w elcome to half o’ my bed, if
you care to stay.”
Care to! Nance was only too glad,
and Mary did not have to give a Lint
as to clean face and hands, for the girl
stepped out to the sink in the hall and
splashed away vigorously for ten min
utes, coming in with such a rosy face
that Dick asked for a kiss at once.
But you want to hear of the dinner
at Mrs. Haring’s? Well, it was just
wonderful to Nance. She had a nice
place set for her in the kitchen, and
Bob waited on her, loading her plate
with turkey, cranberries, sweet and
white potatoes, with side dishes of to
matoes, onions and beets; but, to Bob’s
dismay, Nance ate very sparingly of
the turkey and potatoes—she knew she
could tie them up in a paper, while the
tomatoes couldn’t be carried, so she ate
Bob ran to his mother and she, sus
pecting some reason for the girl’s want
of appetite, went to her and said:
“Eat all you want, Nance, and if you
have anyone at home to feed, I’ll put
up a basketful.”
Then Nance told of Dick and his
mother, and an hour later. Bob, his
mother and Nance were riding over to
the alley, Nance and Bob taking great
care of a basket filled with good things
for Dick. It was a glad day for Dick;
for the mother whose footsteps took
new hold upon the better life—and for
Nance to whose awakening mind, all
the glories of Christ, Christmas, came
as a revelation.
The ideal young people’s mag
azine. It holds the first place
among periodicals of its class.—
Boston Journal.
An Illustrated monthly periodical for boys and
girls, appearing on ihe 25th of each month. Ed
ited by Mary Mapes Dodge. Price, 25 cents a
number, or $3.00 a year in advance. Booksel
lers, newsdealers, postmasters, and the pub
lishers take subscriptions, which should begin
with the November, the first of the volume.
Bt. Nicholas aims both to satisfy and to de
velop the tastes of its constituency; and its
record for the past twelve years, during which
it has always stood, as it stands to-day, at the
head of periodicals for boys and girls, is a suffi
cient warrant for its excellence during the com
ing season. The editors announce the follow
ing as among the
▲ SERIAL Stoby by Frances Hodgson
Burnett. The first long story she has written
for children.
A Christmas Stoby by W D. Howells.
With humorous pi ctures by his little daughter.
“George Washington,” by Hokacb E.
Scudder. A novel and attractive Historical
Short stories for Gibls bv Louisa M
Alcott. The first—‘*|The Candy Country in
New “Bits of Talk fob Youno Folks,”
by“H. H.” This series forms a gracious and
fitting memorial of a child-loving and child
helping soul.
Fatehs on the Great English Schools,
Rugby and Others. Illustrations by Joseph
A Sea-coast Serial Stoby, by J. T. Trow
bridge, will be life-like, vigorous, and useful.
“Jenny’s Boarding-House,” a serial by
Jambs Otis, Dealing with news-boy life and
Frank R, Stockton will contribute several
of his humorous and fanciful stories.
“Drill.” By John Preston True. Acap
ital school-story for boys.
Tns Boyhood of Shakespeare, by Rose
Kingsley. With illustrations by Alfred Par
Short Stories by scores of prominent
writers, including Susan Cnoildge. H. H. Boye
sen, Nora Perry, T. A. Janvier, Washington
Gladden, Rosslter Johnson, Joaquin Miller, So
§ tattle May, Hezekiah Butterworth, W. 6. Stod
ard, Harriet Prescott SpoSora, and many
Entertaining Sketches by Alloe W. Rol
lins, Charles G. Leland, Henry Eckferd, Lieu
tenant Schwatka, Edward Eggleston, and
Poems, shorter contributions, and depart
ments will complete what the Rural New
Yorker calls “the best magazine for children in
the world.”
Agents W arned. Agents Wanted.
A weekly Journal devoted exclusively toFlsu,
Fishing and Fish Culture; Practical Essays
on Auglingand Anglers' Implements, and Re-
Sorts of Pishing from all parts of ihs United
■tales and Canada. Seth Green, ihs eminent
fish culturist, has charge of the Fish Culture de
partment. Published weekly, at $3.00 per an
Agents Wanted. Agents Wanted
A Startling and Valuable Book
Handsomely bound in cloth and gold. Price,
After many years of patleut labor and tuvesti
tlon iuto the fundamental laws governing the
movements of the waters upou and beneath the
soil. Mr. Cole has discovered a system of sub
surface drainage and Irrigation, by whieh the
most wouderfui results have been produced.
He aptly calls it “The New Agriculture.” Con
cisely stated, Mr. Cole’s system has the follow
ing advantages as comnared with the methods
of agriculture now In general use:
Ist. Cerial crops are increased more than
four fold.
fid. The size, flavor and euhanced production
of fruits and vegetables are in proportion as
five to one under the old systems.
3d. Vegetation of all kinds Is rendered abso
lutely free from diseases, more especially from
that arisiug from fungoid infection.
4tb. The ground worked under this new sys
tem being measurably impervious to frost, the
producing season is prolonged from forty to
sixty days.
Son It creates a moist and loamy soil out of
be most unpromising bardpan.
6th. It prevents the washing of surface soils
from hillside farms during heavy rains.
7th. Drought is effectually provided against.
“The New Agriculture" is endorsed ana com
mended by the Farmers’Clubs of Elmira, N. Y.,
and of Alleghany County, N. Y.! by the Hots.
John Swinburne, ex-Mayor of Albany and pres
ent member of Congress; by Prof. J. r. Roberts,
of the University farm at Cornell, ». Y.; by Hon.
Wtu M. White, President of the New York Ag
ricultural Society; by Prof. C. K- Earley, of
Philadelphia, Pa., ana anumber of other prom
inent agricultural authorities. Liberal terms to
agents. Address, The anglers’ Publishing
Co., 868 Broadway, N. Y. i?w2
Mrs. Small, of Bowdoiuham, Me., was
103 years old Nov. Ik She has a daugh
ter oi & wad amm 80.
i M „ itk- '--’S. ,
Clubs and Other Weapons Used with
Bloody KflVct A Two Honrs’ Fight
and Ton Men Hart, Two Fatally
—Locomotive Ditched.
Pittsburg, Pa., Dec. 1L —It was repond
in this city at a late hour, Wednesday night,
that committees of striking miners had for
several days lieen engaged in scouring the
various pools along the Monongahela river
enlisting volunteers to visit the Pine Run
mine, operated by James Lynn & Sons, in
the second pool near McKeesport. The sixty
or seventy miners employed there have been
working for two weeks at the 2%-cent rate.
They had refused the request of the strikers
to rejoin them until the strike was settled.
Shortly before 8 o’clock Thursday morn
ing about 300 strikers congregated a short
distance from the mine awaited the ap
pearance of the “blacklegs.” The first to
be overhauled was Nate Campbell, driver,
who refused to go home. He was pounced
upon and terribly beaten, receiving internal
injuries that may prove fataL A gang of
twtety next made their appearance, but
wheu confronted by the excited, masked
mob, quickly left for home. T-ater another
squad, more determined than their
comrades, refused to retreat One of
them attempted to foroo a way through
the crowd, aud stopped only when struck a
stunning blow with a club. He was carried
away by his comrades, who also notified
Mine Superintendent James O'Neil, who,
with a number of men, boarded the mine
engine and proceeded to the scene. The
strikei-s, seeing the approaching engine,
threw the switches, blockading the track.
The engine was derailed and badly wrecked,
its passengers, however, escaping injury by
jumping. Superintendent O’Neil, much
surprised, wisely offered no resistance.
The striking rioters in complete control
celebrated their victory by a deafening yell,
and left the mine. Subsequently fifty of
the miners entered the pit and are now at
work. Twenty of the rioters were recog
nized and will be arrested. Sheriff Gray,
of this city, with a number of deputies, is
at the scene of the riot Operators are fear
ful of a repetition of the act* of violence
and that their property will be burned.
There is intense excitement in the vicinity.
The riot lasted two hours and about ten
man were injured, two, it is believed, fa
The families of the strikers are starving,
aod this has made the men desperate. The
companies’ stores refuse to give credit, and
independent merchants have trusted until
now they have no money with which to
purchase winter supplies.
War Looked for at Bevfer.
Bkvikb, Mo., Dec. 11.—Warlike prepara
tions have been made here continually for
the last week. There are two regular com
panies of white men, who drill daily with
Winchester rides. It has been discovered
that an organized attack upon the stockade
is to be made Saturday night,
if Mr. Loomis does not disarm
his man. This he positively declines
to do. He says he has discharged all the
roughs and disreputable characters from the
minus, and those who remain he knows will
participate In no quarrel unless in self-de
fense. In anticipation of the coming con
flict several prominent families have re
moved from hero to Macon. Great alarm
and anxiety is felt here among the peace
fully inclined citizens, and they fear serious
trouble will follow Loomis’ refusal to dis
arm his men.
Conference of Coal Operators.
Pittsbubo, Pa., Dec. 1L —A national con
ference of coal ojierators and miners to con
sider the question of equalization of wages
and other matters affecting the interests of
employers and workmen, will be held in this
city Dec. 15. Chris Evans, executive secre
tary of the National Federation of Miners,
has received letters from a number of coal
operators expressing themselves favorable to
the conference.
Strike of Switchmen at Chicago.
Chicago, Dec. 1L —Business in the
freight yards of the Chicago, Burlington &
Quincy railway here is at a stand-still on
account of a strike of the switchmen, which
took place Wednesday night. All attempts
to move trains since have been stopped by
the strikers, who uncouple the trains as fast
as they are made up, in consequence of
which there ar«j800 loaded cars in the yards.
A Tennessee Lynching.
Kenton, Tenn., Dec. 11.—About 2 o’clock
Tuesday morning two clerks in the store of
White & Boyle were awakened by a suffo
cating smoke and discovered the store to be
on Are. A thief had entered, stolen some
goods anti then tired the house. By prompt
efforts the flames were extinguished.
Had the young men been a
few minutes later in making the discovery
they undoubtedly would have been burned
to death and the whole business portion of
the town destroyed. Soon afterward Sam
bowler, a colored ex-convict, was caught
with the stolen goods in his possession, and
*e was promptly jailed. Thursday his dead
tody was found dangling from the limb of
i tree, where a mob during the night had
i&nged him
The Doctor Turned Up Missing.
Auburn, N. Y., Dec. IL —The residence
of G. B. Wyckoff, in Fleming Hill, was
filled with invited guest* Wednesday to at
tend the wedding of his daughter Carrie to
Dr. Frank H. Smith. At the last moment
it was learned that the intended bridegroom
bad decamped. The prospective bride
fainted, and is now In a critical condition.
It is reported that Smith was engaged to
another young lady in Fleming Hill, and
that she also had her wedding trouaieau
nearly complete for their wedding.
The Deadly Sewer Again.
Cleveland, Dec. 11. —A sewer at Akron,
0., caved in Wednesday afternoon, burying
seven laborers, four of whom were instantly
crushed to death and three fatally injured.
The excavation was twenty-seven feet deep
and fall without a warning. William Mc-
Gill, one of the men on the scaffold, escaped.
Max Rosenschweig, Henry Frigert, and two
uhknown Italians were killed, and John
IVychuff, Henry Walter, and August K relist
are fatally injured.
Living on CocoanuU.
New York, Dec. 11.—T’ue schooner E. A.
Warner was twenty-four days coming from
Baranoa with fruit, and was so short of
provisions that the crew lived principally on
cocoanuta the last four days of the voyage.
From ail along the northeastern coast come
tiinilar stories of wrecks and great suffer
ings by crews.
Death of (h« Harvard Librarian.
Boston. Mam., Dec; IL —John Langdoo
Sibley, the veteran librarian of Harvard
university, is dead. He had been connected
with Harvard library since his graduation
to 1831, except four years, when ha tried
The President’s Silver Views Indorsed.
New York, Dec. 11.—A special meeting
called by the members of the chamber of
commerce to take action upon the suggestion
contained in the president’s message in rela
tion to the repeal of the law in reference to
the coinage of the silver dollar,
»E held at the rooms of the cham
ber Thursday in the Mutual Life Insurance
building. The chairman of the committee
ou finance and currency, Mr. George 8. Coe,
stated that the committee, after careful de
liberation, had unanimously agreed to sup
port the pesident of the United States and
the secretary of the treasury in their state
ments relative to the suspension of
the peculiar coin, the prreent silver
dollar. The committee believe that the *
suggestions contained in the message of
the president fully exhausted the subject
and consequently he proposed that a resolu
tion to that effect would do away with all
sectional feeling and that it be adopted as
the voice and action of this body, that the
chamber of commerce os a body adopted the
views of the president, and that congress be
memoralized to have the oompulsory act of
February, 1878, repealed.
They Jumped on His Stomach.
Rockford, Ills,, Dec. 11.—One of themoet
daring burglaries ever committed in this city W
was perpetrated at an early hour, Thursday
morning, in the northwestern part of
this town, near the outskirts, at the
residence of William Foley. The man is 63
Years of age, and lives alone. Two men
broke into his house, knocked him
down with a board, and then beat him
until he wee insensible. They also jumped
on his stomach, and, it is thought, ruptured
some of his internal organs. The robbery
gat SIBO, and left no clews.
Clergymen Discussing Labor. m
Cincinnati, Dec. IL—The luter-Denumi-
Lational congress met, Thun*lay, umi
the Rev. Dr. C. L. Goodell was
chosen moderator. The Rev. G. Tay
lor, of Hartford, Conn,, led the de
votional exercises. The Rev. Dm. Washing
ton Gladden, of Columbus, Ohio, and Brad
ford, of Mont Clair, N. J., presented pa-wrs
on church ueglect as caused by the strife' be
tween labor and capital*
MeUen and Mrs CooUdgo Indicted.
Boutojl Mass., Dec. 1L —Adrian L. Meb
len and Mm Coolidge have been indicted by
the grand Jury for conspiring to murder the
wife of Edward L. Mellon in Baltimore.
Mm Coolidge was hekl on a charge of cun-
and her bail was redded from
SIO,OOO to SS,U)U, which Is more dan sheoaa
Lumber fiKUI Destroyed.
Mart Saginaw, Mick, Dec. IL—The
saw-mill of Burnham ft Still was destroyed
by fire at an early hour Thursday morning. \ j£
with about 300,000 feet of lumber. The <
mill was valued at $36,000, and Hr
•ULOOa The loss ou lumbar is about $80,000; 1
on insurance. The null h»d a capacity at V
aeon an £ ” \ w

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