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The Oskaloosa herald. (Oskaloosa, Mahaska County, Iowa) 1885-1919, December 17, 1885, Image 7

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87058308/1885-12-17/ed-1/seq-7/

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From the hundreds of churches in
Rome tbe bells ring out their Christmas
peals, repeating tbe glad tidings which
the shepherds beard in the long ago.
In tbe streets of tbe city, in tbe bright
sunshine, under tbe blue Italian sky,
all Rome is wending its way to tbe dif
ferent churches, in each of which is
represented at Christmas time the
birth of our Savior in Bethlehem. Be
fore this scene rich and poor, peasant
and prince, kneel alike in reverent
homage. We follow the many who are
wending their way to Santa Maria in
Aracoeli, on the Capitoline hill. To this
ancient church, where Christ’s birth,
that holiest event of all ages, is repre
sented by figures of life size, and with
the surroundings of the shepherds and
the fiocks and the holy messengers, tra
dition ascribes tbe greatest interest at
this Christmas time.
We reach the great steps leading to
the Capitol and guarded by lions,
through whose mouths Rienzi made
wine flow in streams for the populace.
The winding way to the right leads up
to tbe Tarpeian rock, and the many
broad stone stairs to the left lead to
Santa Maria in Aracodi, whither we
are going.
We wend our way slowly among
the groups of humanity, coming and
going, up and down, from the worship
of the child Jesus. We enter the
church, quaint and old. The fragrance
of incense meets us. The lamps shed
their eternal light on image of martyr
and saint. The candles burn in lines
on the high altar, and priests, in their
gorgeous robes, are performing their
high ministrations. Music fills the air.
The influence of the time and the place
is upon us. We are a part of this mass
of humanity, moved by one impulse,
the longing to come near unto the
Havior who redeemed us. It is a holy
fervor which day and place and cir
cumstances have fanned into glowing
warmth. We are borne along in the
crowd which moves toward the altar,
where rests the infant Christ. There
la no jostling. It is a softened mood, a
rapt intentnew in which all rpproacb
the place and await their turn. The
peasant lifts his boy, to gaze with hated
breath for a moment, to murmur a
prayer, and to carr, away a vision
and a remembrance which shall live
with him forever. The poor mother,
with outward sigus of poverty and dis
tress. raises her babe in her arms, and
with tears welling from her eyes, be
seeches the blessed virgin to intercede
for its weal with her blessed Hon. City
» bred children, in luxurious garments,
await their turn, steal softly up, gaze
' with (lushed cheeks and softened eyes,
murmur their prayers and gently yield
■ their place to others. A woman beck
ons us to her, and we look in on the
imaged scene.
The Holy Child lies in the manger.
The mother is near. Joseph is there.
The Helds of the shepherds stretch
away in the background, the flocks re
posing on the sward. The heavenly
visitants announce the birth of our
Lawd, and the wondering shepherds
approach the celestial Child, and be
spsak with each other the glad tidings.
It is not that this pictured scene is
in itself of wonderful execution or
beauty that our souls are lifted for the
time into an ideal, spiritual realm.
Through this poor symbol, our minds
have traversed space and time. Imag
ination has painted for ua on a glowing
l :.
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o ot° M?haaka B Co“nty e It" ?[ Mahaska CouaV
toa^ty 15 ® ‘“ every hom ® *“ VOL. 37, NUMBER 17. ' OSKALOOSA, MAHASKA COUNTY, IOWA, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 17, 1885. ESTABLISHED 1850. theoounty. lnßTery 01110
If you need Clothing for Yourself or Boys, this is the Right Time to Buy. We are Forcing the Sale of Men’s, Boys’ and Children’s
look: HEREII
Man’s Overcoat!
Remember, we are bound to be, and will be, the Only Recognized Leaders of Prices and Strictly One Price Clothiers. Respectfully,
canvas the beauty of that Christmas
night, and faitli has caught fresh cour
age from the view; and we experience
one of those rare and blessed moments
when the universal human need for a
realizing sense of tbe truth of our best
reli T ious hopes is satisfied. The celestial
beauty of Baroccio’s Angel of the An
nunciation in tbe Vatican could not
give to imagination and hope a higher
vision of beauty than this simple repre
sentation with its surroundings on
Christmas day.
In the week following, little children
speak on afternoons from the pulpit of
this old church their little Christmas
songs, and praises of our Messed Lord.
It is a curious custom, and was
participated in by Catholic friends of
ours, two of whose little boys, five and
eleven, were made happy by so doing,
and gave there parents much pleasure.
They had also, as many Catholics, the
representation of the holy birth ar
ranged in their own homes for the
Christmas time.
Out on the street again we see crowds
of people in holiday attire, moving to
and fro. They seem still and happy
after their Christmas interchange of
greetings and presents with their
friends, and their visit to the church.
In the afternoon, the long lines of
carriages drive as on other days up and
down the Corso, out to the Villa
Borghese and up on the Pincian hill,
for society moves on, and gaiety is
only beginning in earnest. But to-day
the religious vein is uppermost; and
the joy over the glad tidings is visible
everywhere. Shoald the scarlet liveried
equipage of the queen appear, it will,
more than likely, be seen driving from
church to church, for her devotions
and her charities; for Margherita
possesses much piety as well as many
womanly virtues aud graces.
In the magnificent church of Santa
Maria Maggiore another pageant in
memory of the holy birth is taking
place. The imposing interior has its
great columns and every surface of
marble covered with red silk bordered
with gold, and amid this gorgeous col
oring are seen the rich hues of tbe
sacred paintings and the gleaming of
rare stoues. From its resting place in
the Sistine chapel, under the altar
built in imitation of Christ’s tomb in
Jerusalem, is taken tbe manger in
which our Savior was born. It is
borne to the Sacristy, and during tbe
following days ex payed to tbe view of
the public, while dr%ie service is con
tinuously held. It flipal! and simple
tbe sides being formecraf a few narrow
strips of wood, with spaces between.
It is enclosed in a golden casket, with
crystal sides through which it is visible.
In a few days it is borne back in
solemn procession to its resting place—
the entire church filled with people to
witness tbe scene. Impressive services
precede. Tbe procession is formed in
which participate all the dignitaries of
this church in their robes of ofllce,—tbe
monsignore, the bishop, and the cardin
al Prince Hohenlohe. Banners, insignia
of the church, pages in black and gold,
tbe sweeping red train of the cardinal,
the deep tons* of music, ail conspire to
render the ceremony impressive in tbe
The fact that this object is believed
by thousands to be the veritable crib
in which our Lord was born; that for
hundreds of years it has been regarded
as such and cherished among tbe most
sacred relics of the church, and that
reason does not refute the possibility of
its being thus preserved, makes it alike
to every Christian heart, Protestant or
Catholic, an object of profoundest in
What wonder that as the solemn
train moves by, the reverend knee is
bowed—that in this visible emblem of
a divinity which dwelt for our sakes
in the flesh, and suffered death, we
come near enough to heavenly truth
and beauty to feel the celestial breezes,
and catch a glimpse of the celestial
How they Celebrate tiie Festal
chapter i.
They don’t!
There is none!
What the New Metropolis
Amounts to as Told by a Ma
introductory—climate and wind.
San I>ikgo, Oal., Nov. 30,1885.— Dear
Oakalooxa Herald . —Seeing so many
letters from H. J. Vail, describing Cal
ifornia, I have refrained from writing;
hot as be is located one hundred and
fifty miles northwest of San Diego,
and in many places two miles in Cali
fornia changes the climate, the soil, the
Bmroducts, and, in fact, almost every
piug, therefore you need not infer
from the fact that Pasadena is an Eden
that all of California is the same; for
almost every variety of climate, soil,
and mineral can be found in this State,
as well as every class and nationality
of people, but for climate, San Diego
surpasses any point in the State if not
in the world. The thermometer stands
at about 62 degs., in the morning before
tbe sun rises, and gradually rises to
about 76 degs. in the hottest part of the
day, and sinks back to about 70 degs. at
dark, with a gentle breeze from tbe
ocean from ten in the morning to about
four in tbe evening, when the wind, if
any, changes to the opposite; but there
is but little wind in this climate, com
pared with lowa and the Western
irrigation and seeding.
We have already bad about three
inches of rain fall, which has started
farming. The ground gets very bard
during the summer if not irrigated,
and only certain kinds of soil can be
stirred during the summer, except it is
plowed after the rains in the spring,
and as most of farmers wish to save
the scattering seed on the ground to
grow the next crop, they do not stir the
land until the fall rains set in, then
they plow under tbe grain scattered in
harvesting in tbe spring, and have a
Enood crop without re-seeding, and this
i done for several years before it be
omes necessary to re-seed ; but if they
do not re-seed occasionally there will
be spots destitute of seed and tbe crop
proportionately less, and just now most
of tbe farmers are busy plowing and
re-seeding. Potatoes grown In the win
ter months are better than those raised
in summer. Four crops of potatoes
can be grown on the same land in one
year by irrigating after each crop.
However, this county, which is almost
as large as lowa, has never done any
irrigating except from wells, and that
necessarily only on a very small scale.
There has been some talk about follow
ing the examples of Los Angeles and
other counties and bring the water
from tbe mountains in ditches, flumes,
and pipes, sod putting it on tbe land
that u cultivated, and this plan has to
be adopted, for the water in all streams
•inks in the sand soon after getting on
tbe plain; but along tbe river bottoms
water is readily obtained bv digging
from four to nine feet, and all the
water this city has is pumped from a
bole sunk in the San Diego river bot
tom, except private wells, which are
from thirty to ons hundred feet deep,
and the water is not always good when
found. Well digging in this country is
very slow work, the sub-soil being a
••~* r 4 L- .5%: 1 ’ * • ■
Golden Eagle Clothing House!
Jpff i \ M
Statuary, Vases and Barbaline Ware, Bronzes, Books in all kinds of bindings of the
great authors, Toilet Cases and Sets in greatest variety, Perfumery
Cases, never a finer or more varied line.
In fact, the General Head- DDUP LJ T C D 13 I? H C Side of the Park ’
quarters is at Ij
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And displays to his Million Admirers his rich, rare, unique, and beautiful treasures in Holiday Goods
generally. Old and young, rich and poor, are all cqrdially invited to call at these Headquarters and
make their selections from a larger, finer, aud better stock than ever before offered. It’s too numerous
to mention, but you will find
We call especial attention to our Mixed Lot
of Good, W arm, Serviceable
$4.00, $5.00, $6.00, $7.00.
We Have and Show More SI and Worsted Mufflers!
At Lower Prices than any house in town, ami if you
don’t believe it call in and examine. The choicest
line of Neckties in town, at Golden Eagle Prices.
Makes His Bow at His OriginarHeadquarters,
To Which Place Hasten for Earliest Choice!
t ?r#’ •••;“ ’
hard-pan that has to be picked all the
way down, and well-diggers charge
$1.25 per foot for digging wells; but
there is no need of wall, as it will
stand for ages and never cave below
the top soil or in the bottom, even when
water is found in quicksand. We are
The city is crowded to its utmost
capacity, and building is going on just
as fast as it can be done. We have two
lumber yards, which employ from
thirty to forty men at each, ana are un
able to supply the demand. Hotels are
being built, others enlarged, and every
effort made to furnish accommodations,
but as yet many cannot find quarters,
and I expect the boom to continue until
this is the second city in California.
Many of our friends come from ban
Francisco and Los Angeles, where cap
ital is budensome, while we are poor,
and we extend a welcome hand to them,
especially when they bring their capi
tal along, for capital is the great lack
in this part of the country. San Diego
county held her
and I think the old settlers were the
most surprised set 1 ever saw. They
were not aware that Yankee enterprise
had been so busy. The outside country
bad been developed, and the display
surpassed any in the State, and, in fact,
they did not tire of looking and talking
the matter over during the three days
and nights that the fair continued, but
got the exhibitors to open the fair again
two weeks later for two days and
nights, during the great Railroad Jubi
lee, on the 18th and 19th of this month,
when the Sante Fe completed its con
nections so as to run through trains to
this place, and yet it is the delight of
the old fellows to brag on our exhibi
tion, and I do not expect they will get
over it for the next year. The mineral
display was good. There were thirty
three different exhibits of almost every
known mineral from within eight miles
of Elsignor, and if I were to tell you
the weight of those big pumpkins and
beets I fear you would not sleep any
for a week, so 1 will leave that until
you come next spring and see for your
self. Yours, etc.
C. W. Ellsworth.
Having had considerable experience
in hog raising, and believing it might
be of interest as well as advantageous
to others, I will endeavor to give a
part of the information 1 have gained,
by such experience as, I think, will
benefit the public. There is nothing
that brings to the lowa farmers as
large return for the amount invested
as the hog, provided he gives him the
proper care and attention.
I will first give my experience in
working with what is called
In the years of 1874, 1875, and 1876, I
lost, from what is called hog cholera,
more than 400 bead, supposing nothing
could be done for it, sa Mr. James
Wilson indicates in a piece in your pa
per of the 3d inst. clipped from the
State Register , I have since that time
learned better. I have had the same
disease in my herd several times since
that, and have been able to check it in
every case.
I will give the symptoms of disease.
It generally begins with a cough, which
grows worse and ends with a gag, or
vomit, hogs very shiftless, looking
gaunt and shrunk in the tlank, poor ap
petite, inclined to crawl under straw
or manure if they can get to it, thump
ing, etc. The disease is so well known
among the farmers that this descrip
tion is almost unnecessary. The rem
edy is what we want I endeavor to
keep the beds and lots as clean of filth
and manure as possible, dean out and
give fresh bedding often.
When the weather is fit drive out
all hogs from their beds during the day,
that the beds may air thoroughly.
Cleanliness is essential to health with
the hogs, as much so as with other an
imals. Hog cholera
causing a cough, which irritates the
throat and terminates in a fever, which
is then contagious. Therefore, it is
very necessary to remove all unhealthy
hogs from the herd, as soon as discov
ered. The better plan is generally to
kill and bury them. I have used, for
a number of years, as a preventive and
a cure, if not too far gone,
To one barrel of slop, one box of Lewis
lye, four pounds of copperas, and two
pounds of alum, dissolved in hot
water. Make it stronger if the case is
bad. Use your judgment. It needs
not be so strong in some cases. I have
used some sal soda lately. I have not
failed to break up the cough among
my hogs, in no case since I have been
using this remedy, many times in less
than 24 hours. I am perfectly satis
fied that I can expose my hogs to the
cholera and begin doctoring immediate
ly and keep them healthy. If your
hogs are coughing badly, use this rem
edy freely with rich slop, and if they
will not eat enough of it, pour dry oats
into it in the troughs. It won’t hurt
may answer the same purpose in re
moving worms, and giving appetite,
but it is too expensive. The above re
cipe is cheap and will pay to feed once
in 2 weeks. My neighbors have been
using this for years, with good results.
It is strange, indeed, that we have
men in the great bog State of lowa
that are inquiring whether hog raising
is profitable or not. And that inquiry
is coming from many well-to-do farm
ers that ought to have had this question
settled years past. Let the farmer
keep a strict account of his business,
and he will learn, in a very short time,
what will pay the best. Do not take
inexperienced men’s word for these
things, when you may know them for
yourselves. But, if you will ask for
information on any subject, ask the ex
perienced and successful man.
I keep an account of all my outlays
and receipts, and have a settlement
with myself once a year, valuing what
I have on hand at that time, and there
by ascertaining what I have gained the
past year.
I will give you three years of
on the subject as 1 find it on my books,
beginning Oct 1,1882. 1 find on hand
168 stock hogs, valued at $700.00; sold
during the year, to Oct 1, 1883, 132
head, weighing 33,010 pounds, the av
erage price being $5.77% per hundred
amounting to $1,906.85.
1 sold during the 2d year, to Oct 1,
1884,200 head, weighing 48,020 pounds:
the average price being $4.46% per
hundred, and amounting to $2,192.65.
Sold the 3d year to Oct 1, 1885, 203
hogs, weighing 47,165 pounds: the av
erage price being $330% per hundred
and amounting to $1,794JJ1
The total number of hogs, sold in
three years, 535 head, weighing 128,195
pounds: the average price beings4.s9%
and amounting to $5,893.71. Fall and
stock hogs on hand, at present 270
head worth $990.00, the amount sold
and on hand 805 head for $6323.71. De
duct S7OO worth we began with, and it
leaves us $6,123.71 for the three years.
I have fed all of the stock on my
farm including from 6 to 9 horses, and
4to 6 cows, besides calves, eta, 9800
bushels of corn. The hogs paying 62}£
cents per bushel for all corn fed on the
farm, during the three years men
tioned. Interest on the S7OO and pas
ture will make a small deduction, from
these figures, but it will still show a
large per cent, in favor of the hog.
A close inspection of the above test
in hog raising, will show that it does
not take one acre of corn to the hog
as Mr. Wilson indicated. We can raise
from 4to 6 hogs to the acre. It sounds
very much like Mr. Wilson raises very
light corn crops, or he must have a dif
ferent stock of hogs. Ynd, as for hogs
impoverishing the land, we have been
here on this farm for twenty-five years,
and this year our corn averaged 65
bushels to the acre.
The farmers in this part that raise
the hogs make the money. While this
is the case, we need not fear the busi
wili be over done.
Star Clips.— Harvested from the
Starot Wednesday: “Our citizens were aroused
by the cry ol tire Wednesday morning at about
7:30, and it was soon ascertained that the resi
dence of L. Davis, on West Market street, was
on tire. The fire company was promptly on
hand and did splendidly, but the flames were
under such headway that the roof was almost
entirely destroyed. There was a small insurance
on the building. The loss will be a severe one
on Mr. Davis who Is poorly able to meet 1t....
Luke James delivered to hogs on Monday which
were a few days over 8 months old. They aver
aged 288 pounds. This is the best average
weight, considering ttieir age, of any reported
at this office. Who can beat it?.... It is a little
amusing to the proprietor of a paper to notice
how well and how long a few subscribers like
his publication, and then to note how soon they
lose all Interest in it when asked to pay for the
same.... Ed. Michener and wife, of Seneca,
Kansas, are visiting relatives and friends here.
They report all Sharouiles at that place aa pros
perous ...George Hein man has been very sick
since our last issue, but we are glad to know he
is at present much better and his hosts of
friends are elated at the prospect of his speedy
recovery.... W. A. Bryan and his brother A. A.
of Montezuma, left Wednesday to attend the
meeUng of the Improved fStock Association
now being held at Waverly.... Our people are
just now badly shakeu up socially over the ar
rest of one of our citizens, who is charged with
committing a heinous unmentionable crime.
The parties interested for aught we know are
both of respectable reputation and we have no
desire to dish up farther particulars in regard
to a very dirty scrape which would not look
well on paper or sound well If you should read It
either to yourself or your families. If the crime
charged has been committed, somebody should
be in the penitentiary; but if ft has not. then
there has been a terrible wrong done an inno
cent man. As to the facts in the case we know
nothing, and until we do shall not make per
sonal mention. Of one thing we feel quite cer
tain. there is something radically wrong arid
we hope and expect to see justice meted out to
all concerned.”
Johnston's Journal exhibits signs of
weU-merlied prosperity la luoreulog Us itn
from 16 pages to 32 paxes and a cover. This "Il
lustrated Magazine (or the People/ uUs sub
title defines It, was established la .J 74, but a
change was recently made in Its shape aud con
tents, and Its appeal to a wider public has been
so successful that the readers want more o( It—
hence the enlargement. The Issue of Novem
ber 14 contains, among other profusely Ulus
trated aud timely articles, one oj> Ihlll bfiiHHj
Hebelllou;” another ou the Theatre ol CoolUct
In Central Asia;” another on Ctviltsatioa and
Savagery in Africa," being the humorous •*-
periences and exploits of a missionary In that
dark continent; and a full page of sketch?*
showing how cattle are brought from the west
to supply the eastern and European markets.
There are also illustrated book reviews, and a
nnuiber of bright and readable articles on mis
cellaneous topics and questions of the hour. Ia
this number, too, begins a powerful serial story,
written for the Journal, and entitled "Love la
Summer Seas," dealing with life la New York
and the tropica The departments have been
Increased In number, and are all well filled. This
popular literary magazine, of which each page
sparkles with Interest, is published every other
week by W. J. Johnson, # Murray street, New
York. The price Is only to cents a oopy, or fc) a
year, and it may be ordered at any newsdealer.
& it

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