OCR Interpretation


The Oskaloosa herald. (Oskaloosa, Mahaska County, Iowa) 1885-1919, December 17, 1885, Image 8

Image and text provided by State Historical Society of Iowa

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87058308/1885-12-17/ed-1/seq-8/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

> ‘Tn« happy Christmas conies ouoe more.
The Heavenly guest Is at the door;
The blessed words the shepherds thrill.
The joyous tidings Peace, good will!
The belfries of all Christendom
Now roll along
The unbroken song
Of peace on earth, good will to men."
With gentle deeds and kindly thoughts,
And loving words withal.
Welcome the merry Christmas hi,
Ana hear a brother's call.”
CHRISTMAS IN SOUTH GER
MANY.
BY MBS. AIUM FUCHLINGEK.
“How do we keep Christmas in South
Germany V is the question you ask.
To answer this we must first tell how
we keep Santa Claus day; for these two
days though separate are inseparable
to the German child. The old saint
don’t delay his coming till the 2&th of
December. He comes on the fith of
that month, the day well-known
throughout Germany as
ST. NICHOLAS DAY ;
but he only comes to the little ones of
the household—and what German
family has not got a goodly number of
them! The Germans are of rather a
religious turn of mind, and try to ful
fill the first commandment, which God
gave to man in the Garden of Eden.
After long, patient, or rather impatient,
waiting, the 6th of December comes,and
“Oh, 1 do wonder what Santa Claus
will bring this evening,” is heard on
every side. The hours seem to creep
that day, but the longest road has a
turn, and twilight comes along at last,
and with it the old saint, dressed in a
long, warm overcoat, a great, white
beard almost concealing his whole face,
a big bag over one of his shoulders, a
bt 11 in oue hand, and a birch switch in
the other. Thus equipped, ringing his
bell loudly to announce his coming, he
enters the room, where the little ones,
at the sound of his bell, have huddled
closely together in a state of mind hard
to describe. It is a sort of fear min
gled with pleasure and expectation.
Santa Claus looks around the room,
aud, after being welcomed by the pa
rents, he asks in a deep, bass voice.
A PERTINENT QUESTION :
“H ave the children all been very good
since I was here last year, and can each
of them tell me a nice little verse
about Santa Claus and Christkind?”
After the little speeches have been
made to the perfect satisfaction of the
old saint, he takes down his well-tilled
bag, w'hich had been expectantly eyed
all the time by the children, and out of
it brings nuts, candies, cakes, little
playthings, picture-books, in fact,every
thing they had been wishing Santa
Claus would bring. How strange that
he knew just what they wanted. Then,
after telling them all to be good chil
dren and learn well until he comes
again next year, he wishes all a happy
Christmas, and bidding them good
night, he disappears, leaving every one
in the happiest mood. It does not seem
so very long now till Christmas time
will come, the merriest and happiest
time of all the year.
CHRISTKIND HIMSELF COMES ON THAT
comes to every house, to rich and poor,
high and low\ old and young, bringing
only joy. His presence has a wonder
ful intiuence. Old grudges are forgot
ten, long-standing feuds are wiped out,
and “peace upon earth, good-will to
ward men" is the watchword with
which the new year is commenced.
But let us look at the things which
Christkiud has brought. There in the
middle of the room stands a tree —a
wondrous tree. Its branches are loaded
with golden nuts, candies, sugar plums,
dollies and drums, together with large,
mysterious packages, which seem to be*
intended for the older members. We
look closer. Yes; they are labeled and
not one has been forgotten. All around
that tree is pleasure and excitement.
The happy, sparkling eyes reflect the
many-colored tapers that burn among
its branches, and every member feels
the magical, though unseen presence of
the Christkind. A fine
CHRISTMAS CHORAL IS SUNG,
in which ail join heartily, and after
that the older members sit around tell
ing stories of by-gone days, while the
little ones play with their toys. By
and-by the little eyelids droop, the mer
ry voices are silent. We carry the tired
sleepers to bed, to rest and to dream of
all the beautiful things Christkind has
brought. Father aud mother retire
too. They too dream. They dream of
that morning when they shall wake-up
in the great All-father house, and rind
themselves under the true Christmas
tree, the tree of life, whose tapers are
the everlasting stars.
Candy 10 cents lb at
17 w2-23w2 See vers & Neagle’s.
Dow’n on Cards.—The Georgia Rev.
Sam J ones says at St. Louis: “Another
thing, 1 want to quarantine progressive
euchre in the church. 1 have an inrinit
hatred of cards, and there is no more
outrageous piece of gambling than pro
gressive euchre. It is the most insidi
ous game that is played, and none but
the chosen of the Devil will play the
game. If I was going to gamble I’d
get me a black bottle and a deck of
cards, and sit down with some old
gambler aud play poker or seven-up.”
Then he throws this brick at the girls:
“There is a young man over there. He
has pledged his troth to that young!
lady, and he is going out West to pre
pare a home and to work for her hap
piness. But as soon as he is gone what
does she do? Instead of remaining
true, she riirts with his enemies and as
sociates with men who despise him.
O, what an unfaithful girl!” His final
round-up hits all: “So with all of us.
While God is preparing a home fot our
happiness, we are flirting with His
enemies and associating with men who
despise Him. But He will forgive us
if we desire to be saved. God throws
Heaven aud Hell at every man’s feet,
and tells him to take his choice. Now,
I want to say a word to these well
dressed Christians, who come to church
in tailor clothes, and who think they
are doing their duty when they stand
around for fifteen minutes and leave.
Brother, God's opiQion of you is al
—together different from your own. He
'*■*”*’ don’t take you because you wear a plug
hat and have got money. And, sister,
God don’t take you for your dresses and
the way you bang your hair, but for
the work you can do/’
Only 10 cents per lb for pure caudy at
17w£-23w2 Soever* & Neagle’s.
Mistletoe for Kissing Purposes.
—No English lady considers her home
decorations for Christmas complete,
until a little sprig of Mistletoe, no
matter how small, is bung over one of
the doors on the inside of the house.
Upon this day, “if a gentleman dis
covers a lady standing under the Mis
letoe, ru ha* a right to kU$ her"
If this ancient and honored custom
becomes as popular in America as it
•.%. has been for centuries in Europe, it
will b* largely due to the Emporia
(Fla.) Uazette, which, by the way, is '
4 ‘ published in Volusia County, Florida,
which is famous for its Summery Win
ters nhd Orange Groves; for this jour- ]
nal has prepared packages of Mistletoe
(a parasite and a native of Florida) \
_, / which it will send to auy address upon
receipt bf five 2 cent stamps to cover 1
postage, etc. The Uazette has pub- 1
iished a “Florida Catechism,” that 1
gives full and accurate information j
upon all subjects of interest to tour
ists or settlers, which it will mail, to '
any applicant, with a sample copy of *
Us paper, upon receipt of two l cent
fl. <
n.j-awt iknnOlKVi {<
\
WMmm
A TIME OF REJOICING.
DAY,
BooTTW''House M. JONES & CO.«W Boo“sto"House
llifi
HOW ONE MAN WOULD CON
TROL THE LIQUOR TRAFFIC.
BY \VM. BEARDSLEY, BEACON.
As per your request, 1 present you
with sume observations and views of
the liquor traffic. As you well know,
I have regarded general prohibition as
being, to a very large extent, impracti
cable. I thought so before the law was
enacted, and the season of trial that
the law has had only tends to confirm
my previous convictions, so far as its
being a success is concerned. But
nevertheless, it is a duty which we owe
to ourselves and to society at large to
give the question such a candid and
fair consideration as its magnitude and
gravity deserves, and consequently I
will make my best endeavor to be fair
in presenting my views, and will con
sider myself under obligations to rec
ommend nothing that does not promise
to be an improvement when measured
by the results obtained. It is proper, I
think, to insist that in justice to the
people all legislative bodies when en
acting new laws or modifying old ones
should ever keep in view the import
ance of practicability.
COMMON OBSERVATION
demonstrates that an impractical law
is worse than not to have any, chiefly
because it imposes a duty on its officers
that is disagreeable to perform, and a
feeling approaching contempt on the
part of the people for such laws ren
ders them generally inoperative and
encourages their repeated violation.
Now if our prohibition friends will
take a candid observation of the pres
ent state of affairs, I think they cannot
fail to be convinced that prohibition is
not giving the results that they, with
all other good citizens, should desire.
We know, in fact, that there are many
who had fond hopes of realizing great
results from prohibition, who now
think and see differently. We are also
aware that there are some among them
who, like Ephriam, are “so joined to
their idols.”*that they would rather see
laws and everything trampled under
foot than relinquish even a small part
of their pet theories. They appear to
have become so vitrified that the mo
ment you touch them they fly all to
pieces. They have pondered over their
self-exalted ideas until they imagine
the whole world’s salvation is depend
ing upon them. Now
THIS IS ALL WRONG,
for it is thoroughly understood that all
rational beings are responsible for
themselves, and each person is individ
ually accountable for what he does.
It seems to my mind the day is past
when a coercive spirit and proscriptive
policy can be attended with good re
sults. Nothing can better show this
disposition on the part of the people
than the indifferent attitude they occu
py toward the present law, and the per
son must be very biased in opinion or
very obtuse in intellect who fails to
recognize the fact that instead of the
present law prohibiting the drink traf
fic it has made our State the laughing
stock of the people of the adjoining
States. And how could it be otherwise
when the results are such that any law'
proof individual feels at liberty to dis
pense the “forty rod” in almost any
part of the State, and at the same time
there is a general feeling of indiffer
ence on the part of the people toward
its suspension. To my mind it demon
strates the fact that it is not the proper
means with which to attain the ends
we are seeking, or in harmony with the
people; yet in spite of all these plain
facts we still have some prohibitionists
who will throw up their hands in holy
horror at the word license and exclaim,
“What! license? Never!” without ever
thinking that their methods have giv
en us In many places
THE VERY WORST KIND
of uncontrolled liquor traffic; and then
they console their conscience by de
claiming: “We will never surrender,”
even though it does result in ruling
out many persons that were finan
cially and morally responsible and
handed It over to the most irresponsi
ble set of persons known to the traffic
since lowa has been a state. Now I
hope that enough of that class who
have been so rigid on this subject will
relax enough to enable the next Legis
lature to enact such laws as will result
in giving recognition to personal and
communal rights, and thus enable the
various cities and towns to determine
whether they .fill have prohibition or
a well guarded State License, for by so
doing it would enable those cities hav
ing a large liberal class as well as a
transient population to administer
their affairs more advantagously and
keep
VICE AND CRIME
in better check than they can now.
I will now attempt to give in brief
detail a few of the benefits to be derived
in many cases from a well adminis
trated license by the state: It would
place the matter beyond the power of a
lawless class in any city, from electing
a class of city officers pledged to low
license or a nonenforcement of the
laws, and in all of the larger cities
would have the result of inducing all
the better elements to unite in their
efforts to put their local government in
the beet hands, while our present law
fosters distractions and frequently
places the affairs in the worst hands.
It will also prevent the petty tamper
ing against property rights, which
under the provisions of the present
law is unnecessarily interfered with,
thus making mauy enemies to the
present law—including many men of
influence and character; it will also
put a stop to the eternal clashing of
State with Federal revenue laws, mak
ing endless litigations to the delight of
attorneys and mortification of the peo
ple; it would also have the effect of
placing a better class of men in the
business, lessen the number of saloons
and materially improve the character
of all of them; it would also be an im
mediate source of revenue, and thus
provide the means required to keep the
business under proper surveillance, and
as a means for punishing violations of
the law, it would be prompt, sure and
economical, thus compelling ail that
are not willing to be governed by
reasonable laws to improve their
METHODS AMD MORALS,
or retire from business. The saloon
keeper then doing business under
legal sanction and Legal restrictions
would become the best detective
in the world in ferreting out
any who might attempt this illegiti
mate business in the alleys or slums of
a city. The business being conducted
by fewer men in better places and with
better surroundings, would make it
easier to inspect the quality of liquors
sold, should that be deemed necessary
land in the judgment of many it is);
thus protecting the public from the
contemptible compound# so largely for
sale at the present time. But for fear

THE HEKAbD: ÜbAAUOOSA. MAHASKA COUNTY, IOWA, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 17, 1885.
AJ/VMA/
of making this article too long, 1 beg
to repeat: Let us have a well guarded
State license, or to more properly state
it, a restriction placed upon the liquor
traffic by the State authority, and a
better condition of things will soon
exist so far, at least, as the effect of the
liquor traffic on society is concerned.
For fear that some of those who enter
tain the opposite opinions should ac
cuse me of drawing conclusions with
out sufficient data, I will give a few
statements from the Christian Union,
Nov. 19, 1885. Effects of the Harper
License law of Illinois, in the city of
Chicago: The revenue was increased
from 3200,000 to 31,500,000, and it also
reduced the number of arrests from
1,895 to 678. In Cairo, 111., it increased
the revenue 50 per cent with a decrease
in the number of saloons almost fifty
per cent., and of notable intemperance
30 per cent. Quincy, 111., it reduced
the number of saloons nearly 30 per
cent., and an increase of revenue 40
per cent. Tolono, 111., it dimished the
work at police stations 90 per cent. To
ledo, 111., it closed all the low grogger
ies. If the Harper law has been so
beneficial to Illinois, is it not fair to
presume that something of the same
character would be as benefiicial to
lowa. Wm. Beardsley.
WHAT ONE WOMAN WOULD DO
WITH THE LIQUOR TRAFFIC.
BY MRS. M. G. DAVENPORT.
in making laws for the government
of its people the State should always
study to secure the greatest good to the
greatest number. Personal liberty of
the individual must yield to the good
of the whole. Is the saloon an institu
tion promoting the health, the intel
lectual and moral growth, the finan
cial prosperity, and the happiness of
the people? Long experience and in
vestigation have answered this ques
tion. Science has shown that alcohol
poisons the body and weakens the in
tellect. Three fourths of the inmates
of onr penitentiaries testify to its de
basing effect upon the morals. Our
jails and criminal courts show the
enormous cost of the traffic to the tax
payers, while thousands of wrecked
homes sj>eak of the misery entailed
upon the families of the consumers.
THE CASE STATED.
Granted that the saloon is an evil,
what shall be done with it? For
many years we tried license. The
saloon was permitted under partial
prohibition, It was required to pay
a certain sum to the city; it was pro
hibited from selling other drinks than
wine and beer; from selling on Sun
day, or to minors or to habitual drunk
ards. The payment of the fee was the
only requirement of the law which
was obeyed. At one time when we
had thirteen saloons in this city,
licensed to sell only wine and beer, I
asked the United States officer from
how many he collected revenue for
selling other liquors, and he replied,
every one of them. As a general
thing the man who runs a saloon has
little respect for law.
THE EVIDENCE—SUMMING UP.
There is now a call for high license.
It is claimed this would lessen the
number of saloons. This is probably
true. But the patronage of the many
would simply concentrate upon the
few. There would be no less liquor
sold, hence the evil would not be miti
gated. “It would \o away with low
doggeries and place the business in the
hands of responsible persons.” The
low places would probably sell clan
destinely. The finely furnished drink
ing room is much more tempting to the
well bred young man than is a low
saloon. All that is gained by license,
high or low is money; while we lose
by giving the traffic the advantage of
being lawful. Several years ago the
legislature in compliance with many
petitions, submitted to the voters au
amendment to the constitution pro
hibiting the sale of all intoxicants as a
beverage. This carried by nearly
90,(XX) majority. It was submitted as a
nonpartisan issue. Men of all parties
voted for it, men of all parties voted
against it. The Supreme Court having
annulled the amendment, the following
legislature enacted the present law to
satisfy the disappointed people. The
law being an outgrowth of the amend
ment campaign the responsibility of it
lies not only upon the body or the
party which may have enacted it; but
upon every man who voted for the
amendment, and upon every woman
who worked for it, in-so-far as a non
voter can be legally responsible. But
the law has been violated and is there
fore called a failure. Most laws are vi
olated more or less,and yet are retained.
We have tried this les3 than two years.
“But it cannot be enforced.” Is this
true? Is it possible the majority must
submit to the minority, the law-abiding
to the la \ less ? Is it possible we have
not the courage nor the grit to enforce
a law we have made, but tamely bow
our heads to a few law breakers? In
the language of the old Homan, “Be ye
men and suffer such dishonor?”
WHAT IS THE MATTER ?
We have not manifested the same
zeal to enforce the law that we did to
get it. Some supposed the work done
when the law was obtained; really, the
law is but an instrument with which
to continue the work. Business men
are quiet, fearing loss of patronage;
politicians are quiet, fearing loss of
votes. The people blame the officers
for lack of diligence; the officers blame
the people for lack of interest. The
work has been done by a few; it needs
the united effort of the many. If a
railroad is needed, citizens meet and
give work and money to get it. For
protection against fire, companies are
formed. If the small-pox threatens the
town united efforts are made to exclude
it Yet the saloon is more destructive
ttian fires or small-pox, and our boys
are not insured or vaccinatal against
it. Let an
ENFORCEMENT LEAGUE
of voters, hundreds strong, be formed
in every town; a little money invested
by each member. It will cost less as a
preventive than in taxes for the conse
quences. Let the same faithfulness be
given to It as to masonry, the same zeal
to it as to politics. Delinquent officers
will awaken to duty; and liquor sellers,
with no law behind them, no license
paid for,—simply law breakers,—will
surrender without battle. Years ago
there was law breaking on a large
scale, aud there were those who said,
“the war Us a failure,” but they were
not the boys imblue who won the day.
Citizens who voted for the amendment,
are you ready to put out the white flag
of 1 cense aud surrender; or will you
exert yourselves to keep and enforce
the law which you have made for the
protection of our homes, though it
take some time, labor and money to
fight it out on this line?
" 4 i
\\. ; - . ~ % y
%
HAVE domied their war paint and their BATTLE AX IS NOW CUTTING THE SCALP OF ALL COMPETI
TORS down to the spot where the hot blood bubbles to the surface. Our Competitors beg for “Quarters,” and in order
to obtain them they represent Second Quality Goods at first, and swear by the “Great Horn Spoon” that the BIG SHOE
HOUSE on the South Side can be downed. Their efforts are unavailing. WE MARE PRICES no others can or dare
to do. Listen for the music that is now being wafted by wiutery blasts. We sell ALL CLASSES OF BOOTS AND
SHOES CHEAPER THAN ANY HOUSE IN IOWA! GET OUR PRICES AND BE SATISFIED!
Thirty Years in the Grocery Business in this City.
SOUTH SIDE IMPERIAL GROCERY.
Kansas and Dakota Flours, Imperial Baking Powder, Imperial Bread.
We keep Everything Usually found in a First-Class GROCERY,
and a full line of
Glass and Queensware, Lamps of all kinds and prices, Table and Pocket Cutlery, Etc.
The reason we ask you to trade with us is because we ask only a living profit, and warrant everything we sell to be as represented.
W. W. Steward.
Steward Brothers,
CHOICE GROCERIES,
Fruits, Candies, Nuts, Etc.
OYSTERS
N. B. We shall remove to Southeast
Corner of Square, (room now occupied by
A. T. Drinkle) January 15th.
Yours truly,
Steward Brothers.
Meat Market
206 East Main Street.
M. NACHMAN,
DEALER IN
Fresh and Smoked Meats,
Breakfast Bacon,
New Cured Hams and Sides,
Turkeys and Chickens Dressed
to order,
Oysters and Celery,
Sausage, Head Cheese, Tripe,
Hocks, Pickled or Fresh,
Tenderloin, Spare Ribs, Fish,
aud Game.
Pure Kettle-rendered Lard in
any quantity at 8 and 10
cents per pound.
M. NACHMAN.
No. 206 East Main Street.
—& & be a* Tiun n — m —^^
tHEBARGAINMANIIK ll\IK I .H.™!,BARGAINMAN
nr t y tv iw-
Will move into his New Building in Seevers’ Block on JANUARY Ist, and in order to reduce his
enormous stock of HOLIDAY and other GOODS, WILL OFFER BARGAINS NEVER BE
FORE HEARD OF!
,■■■■■. I Furniture, Btoves, Tinware, and in a Weil Bought Line L, ~u
BARGAINS IN / . 1 1 _ \ BARGAINS IN
] of Attractive Holiday Goods.
%
CyFRTPAY, DECEMBER 18—Special low sale of Rattan and Cane Rockers—FßlDAY, DECEMBER 18,_JR
gp“SATURDAY, DEC. 19—Sheffield Solid Silver Plated Knives and Forks, and 10c Tiuware day—SATURDAY, DEO. 19.^pi
HTDONT FORGET THE DATESHT T"\"P T* TEH JBTHEAB
«tawp LJJboXJDvrjEL LjEj.
IJ. M. JONES & CO., I
GREAT BOOT & SHOE HOUSE.^
HEADQUARTERS FOR
THE BEST
IN THE CITY.
m
JE3TBARGAINS 2£3S
DRY
Furnishing Goods,
i _ ijt|g !j is Iflfillllr w 2?
i i|ij s« Ag 11 ig- s - a s i 1 11 2 * cp?* rn
! g ii|!| l ? 5 s ijirsg|iii g\hh u
s jnsi S« 1 S * li, « 5 e* §! | 8 ® § 22 H
9 g a S 5 sab £► E * S 1
» m alia? " * * 53d5a e s*9g££: 5l Lni II
I S’ Is fs f fS i * ! *I! IfS i I i 2 l S' H*
iftSSji ;t • iU5f 1 ! s! S:to y
I § jig l 1 s 111 i 1 I o : S 4
I § S s o» a p p ß i l ? l \ ® 1 S 3 *
l p *UH >1 I Hiim'.i *»
\ >- -
H. HOWARD & SON.
C. E. Steward.
THEY HAVE A WELL SELECTED LINE OF
GOODS
Staple § Fancy Groceries,
OBTOIVE THEM A CALL! «JOD
WEEKS & DURFEE, Proprietors.
West High Street, Oskaloosa, lowa.
J. I McCURDY «m
STORE
Exhibits
QUANTITY,
Cheap, Cheaper, the Cheapest!
Don’t Fail to See Them. Their Goods are
13?" Residence on Bast High Street.
IS THE I’LACE FOR
Boots i Shoes,
Etc., Etc.
FimißEaws
North of Court House,
SURPASSES ALL FORMER
BEADTY.
Just Lovely,
STORE
NOTIONS,
for
Christmas
—in—
VARIETY, AND
Cruzen & Bacon.
DEALERS IN
GROCERIES!
Queensware,
Glassware,
Wood and
Willow-ware,
Cutlery and
Notions.
The Stock is complete in all Depart
ments. We make a specialty in
Fine Teas k Ganaed Goods,
knowing that good goods are always
the cheapest. See our stock of
Holiday Goods & Lamps
before buying. Our prices are reduced
to suit the times. We are thank
ful to all for the
LIBERAL TRADE
you have given us during the year, and
now to all
Merry Christmas
—AND A—
Happy New Year
CRUZEN & BACON.
MAHASKA REAL ESTATE.
Transfers for the Week Past—Reported Express
ly for The Hkhai.d, by Cowan A Hambleton,
Abstractors, Real Estate and Loan Agents,
OskaUtosa, Itrwa.
LANDS.
W. H. Prine to M. M. Prine, 80 acres In
Sec 4, Garfield township 3,570 00
F. M. Wiles to S. A. Moore, 90 acres in
Sec 33 and 40 in Sec 32, Jefferson 3,200 00
Norman R. Hook to Isaac Hibler, part
ol 8W NW, Sec 13, Cedar 30 00
Geo. M. Tallon to John W. Tallon, 80
acres in Sec 3 and 5 acres in Sec 4.
Adams 3,100 00
R. D. Taylor to John T. Clav worth, 41
acres in Sec 23, Spring Creek. 1,000 00
N. R. Hook to M. M. Hook, part of NEI4
SWS4, Sec 14, Cedar 2,000 00
Calvin S, Cummins to Henry Mason,
part of SWH NWI4, Sec 36. White Oak 400 00
James Harter to Aaron Harter, 20 acres
in Sec 27, Cedar GOO 00
Robert Seevers to Geo. W. Seevers, Uud
H NEji NWI4, Sec 24, Garfield 2,000 00
Robert Seevers to Geo. W. Seevers, SEV
SWi* and SW* SW* and part kw>4
SW)4, Sec 24, Garfield, and 20 acres In
Sec 18, Spring Creek 17,500 00
Sampson Moore, by heirs, to Thomas
Moore, 102** acres in Sec 34, Jefferson
Francis Crispen to Wesley Shoemake,
208 X acres In Secs 21, 22, 27 and 28,
Madison 5 750 00
Ellen M, Taylor to Clara J. Brown, lot 9,
block 2, Street’s Add. Oskaloosa .... 216 00
Francis A. and J. 0. Harrington to A. J.
Woodward, lot 6, block 2, Montgom
ery’s Add, Oskaloosa 1,000 00
J. Kelly Johnson to James Atcheson,
part of lot No 1 of the Irreg Survey of
block bounded by High, Cedar, Liber
ty and Mulberry streets 562 50
Geo. Carson to Frauces C. Grabbe, lots
3 and 4, block 7, Atwood’s Add to
Sharon 2,000 0
Remember Seevers & Neagle guaran
tee all their Candy strictly pure and
sell below them all. 17w2-23w2
Sam’s Mistake.— Ottumwa, just pri
or to the beautiful snow, enjoyed a rare
sensation for a day or two. One of the
things that Sam Evans, of the Demo
crat, is passionately fond of is the dis
covery of prehistoric remains, or tracks
of the primeval man, having found
one in Mexico, which challenges the
admiration of all lovers ot that branch
of science. Rut to relate: Sam is also
fond of a shot gun and the sequent
duck hunting. During the days just
before the snow and before the wild
ducks went southward, Sam was mean
dering along the banks and braes of the
bonnie Des Moines, below the village
of Ottumwa. He followed a long spit
of sand and mud out to its prolongation
southeastwardly. As he journeyed
along he was amazed to see tracks in
the mud which bethought were surely
evidences of the prehistoric man. He
dropped his gun and became an excited
scientist on the spot. He made meas
urements and found that some of the
largest showed the enormous rating of
eight inches across the ball of the foot,
while the extreme length was full
twenty-one inches. The spread of heel
was five and a half inches, and the
length of toe fully and naturally pro
portioned. He found that three, six or
seven different persons had evidently
crossed there in that early day when
even the Democratic party had no ex
istence. He abandoned his gun and
rushed to the city, to bring men and
women of kindred taste down to see
the greatjfind. Cal. Manning, McGrew,
Hedrick, Dr. Thrall, Pete Ballingall,
the Sax boys, Arth Gephart, Hutchin
son, Sol. Swiggett, Mayor Madison, and
a great string af others followed him
down with spades and vehicles to bring
the great find home. When the party
got there Col. looked at Pete and Pete
remarked to Sam: “You blankety blank
mounl builder! Don't you know those
tracks? Some of our girls came down
here last fall to paddle in the water
and they made those tracks getting in
to the river!” The procession home
ward was sad and solemn. With one
accord they refused to speak to Sam, and
for several days he refused to go
down into the city. He says now that
he can hardly explain how he came to
make that error, since it was an estab
lished scientific fact that the feet of the
early man and woman were not nearly
so large as those commonly carried
around by the Ottumwa belles. He
will know better hereafter.
17w2
Our display of CANDY, as usual,
will be the finest in the city. Do not
fail to see it.
17w2-23w2 Seevers & Neagle.
The Mormon Bible.
Mr. Editor:— Your correspondent,
Watchman, of Excelsior, in his article
on Mormonism is in the main correct;
but is mistaken in the place in which
the Mormon Bible was written. The
M. S. from which the bible was mostly
copied were written in the town of
Amity, Washington County, Pennsyl
vania. Solomon Spaulding, the author
was a school teacher for many years.
He died with Pulmonary Consumption,
and for some years before his death
was unable to teach or engage in any
occupation. He wrote his celebrated
romance for pustime. After his death
his manuscript fell into the hands of
two tramps or adventurers by the
name of Sidney Rigdon and Joe Smith.
They made some alterations and ad
ditions as suited their purpose, and
published them, claiming that they
found them at a certain place in New
York which was
REVEALED TO THEM.
1 occupied the next door room to the
Spaulding building as a medical office,
and gained some reputation by a
surgical operation performed in the
same room in which he wrote bis
romance.
When I visited my native town in
1880,1 was again in the house. It is a
two story house and remains as first
built, except reroofing and siding
necessary to preserve it. Spaulding
was buried m the Presbyterian
cemetery in Amity, and I frequently
visited his grave. When 1 went back
in 1880, 1 found his tombstone which
was made from common sandstone, had
been entirely carried away by relic
hunters, and could not have found his
grave had 1 not had the assistance of
an old friend. By reinovingsume inches
of earth we succeeded in finding a part
of his tombstone, a portion of which
is in my possession. There are few
old persons there yet who knew ‘and
recollect Spaulding. One Joseph
Miller frequently visited him during
his sickness and read many portions of
HIS MANUSCRIPT,
and can yet repeat some of the
language and give many of the ideas
contained. Little did Spaulding sup
pose when he wrote that romance that
he was laying the foundation for a
creed that would be proclaimed almost
through out the world, and require the
legislature, court and armies of his
country to control it Thus Mormon
ism originated in fiction, and has been
propagated by falsehood and deception;
but it is not exception. The greater
portion of all the religious and political
creed of the world that have written
their histories in the heart’s blood of
poor, ignorant superstitious humanity
had no existence in truth.
B. F. Lindly.
Go to Seevers & N eagle’s for your
Holiday Goods. 17w2-23w2
As small and easy to take as a Hom
eopathic Pellet we mean Shedd’s Lit
tle Mandrake Pills. Sold by W. A.
Wells & Co.
Ain’t that sweet? Seevers & Nea
gle’s display of Candy. 17w8 28w2
Oranges, grapes, lemons and ban
anas at Seevers & Neagle’s. 17w2-23wl
Fancy eating apples at
17w2-23w2 Seevers & Neagle's.
A CHRISTMAS MESSAGE.
I knew years ago the person who tells the
following story. The facte were conveyed to
me by letter, with the request that I should
put them in readable shape and publish them
after I heard of the narrator’s death. I have
complied with the request to the best of my
ability.
My name is Margaret Latham. My more
intimate friends used to sportively call me
“Doc” for reasons which will shortly appear.
For the last ten years 1 have resided in a far
away South American city among a people
whose customs are very different from my
own.
Christmas is here also a season of festivity.
But it is all very different from the New
England Christmas of my childhood. As
this season draws near I feel an irresistible
yearning to send to my own country some
thing which may possibly remind certain
friends I left of my existence. I thought I
had shut them from me forever; I find I can
not. Year after year in this strange land, as
this season draws near, have I felt the same
impulse. It is as if then I would migrate to
my northern home, like a bird of passage.
The feeling has with me grown stronger and
stronger. As I cannot come with my body I
send my thoughts—my story —which I hope
and pray may meet some old friend’s eye.
I desire to tell a woman’s story—my own—a
story involving faults, follies and inconsisten
cies, some real, some apparent, and involving
also what I think to be some merit and good
quality ; for I hold that self-depreciation is
as great a fault as an over-appreciation. In
deed, whenever I hear a person persistently
“run down” himself, it seems to me as if
it was accompanied by an underlying mo
tive, possibly of which he is unconscious,
to extort from his listener more praise than
he really deserves.
I was born and bred in the hard, narrow,
rigid life of a family “in straitened circum
stances," in a New England village. I had
when a girl two dominant desires: one was
to get away from my people, the other to be
come a physician. The love of healing was
inbred in me—l mean to heal as I think only
a woman can heal—and to heal principally
women.
I don’t say this as a man hater—quite the
reverse. I state it only as my peculiar in
clination.
One of my besetting sins, and which in
jured my prospects in life, was an irresistible
tendency to “cut up,” and generally at the
very time and in the very place where, of
all others, I should have acted decorously.
Be sure if there was a wrong thing to do in
company or in any public assemblage, it
seemed to me as if a very imp of mischief
kept at my ear, whispering, urging, tempting
me to do it, until at last I could resist the in
clination no longer—and did it.
When I was fifteen I told my parents I
wanted to be a doctor. Women physicians
were little heard of in those days. My family
scorned ths idea and threatened to send me
to bed for an indefinite period if ever I men
tioned the subject again. So I nursed the
thought and intent in secret. It grew
stronger and stronger. One day I read in a
newspaper of a woman who had commenced a
medical practice in a western town. She
was the first female physician of whom I had
ever heard. It gave a renewed strength to
my determination.
At the age of sixteen I commenced keeping
the books of a village merchant on the
meagre salary graciously allowed a girl for
performing a man’s work. I worked for him
five years and saved a thousand dollars.
With this I went to Boston, applied at a cer
tain noted college and stated my desire to
the principal of entering on a course
of medical study. He told me that
I could manage to “pull through” on a thou
sand dollars, but that it would be hard work,
involving much deprivation and relative
hardship. On fifteen hum) red dollars he said
I could get through properly, and advised
me strongly against making further effort
unless I had that sum.
I went from the college, and at the first re
tired spot in which t found myself, leaned
against a wall and cried for half an hour. I
terminated my cry with a laugh, went back
to my native village, kept the merchant’s
books for two years and a half longer, re
turned to Boston with the necessary fifteen
hundred dollars, and commenced my medical
studies.
I went to Boston very full, indeed, of good
intent and resolution to abandon my mad
cap pranks, and be a sober, solemn and de
mure young woman.
I made in Boston one very dear female
acquaintance—the loveliest, most gentle,
most considerate nature I ever met She
seemed to accept my odd make-up. though,
possibly, she did not understand it; but for
that matter, neither did I then, nor do I now.
The years that I spent in the earning of
money to pay for my education and those oc
cupied in attaining that education were years
of close, hard, cheese paring living. I de
prived myself of many things my nature
craved 1 dressed very plainly, and fed my
self meagrely. I was obliged to deny my
self amusement and recreation. 1 loved
drees, rich and expensive dress, I appreci
ated and craved food much above the
quality of tweuty-cent meals in crammed
restaurants. I was passionately fond of the
drama. I enjoyed all the elegancies and
luxuries of life. Wanting all these and as
I now believe needing them, my life was a
continual starvation. I tried to comfort my
self by the belief that in all this necessary
denial and in pressing forward toward the
one aim—my education—l was doing the
right thing.
Was I? I answer, as now I see life and its
necessities: No! True, all the current senti
ment of our time endorses self-denial, when
the end to l»e attained by it is a creditable
one. But it seems often to forget that this
rigid and long-continued repression and
starvation of tastes and appetites may beget
peculiar evil results, which may lessen much
of the good attained.
As now I see in my case, I longed for ten
years to dress as I saw other women dress. I
longed for choicer food, oosey apartments,
and the gratification of many tastes. I looked
back with loathing on my hard, narrow,
pinched and relatively squalid life. I mads
certain friends, some of them wealthy. As my
situation became known to them, their
sympathies were enlisted «n my hehalf. Offers
of money followed. I it; More; I took
it almost gre<Hlily. I clutched it as the starv
ing man might clutch at some choice viand
giveu him which he feared the others,
itarving, might snatch from him. I saw
la It a road mam pleasant t—ilTag amt
of the barreki, high-walled, monotonous lans
of Poverty, trod by so many weary feet that
almost every flower that trim to spring up
therein is trampled down in Its dust I took
it as one starved may take any gift, thinking
it was the last ever to be received. I became
covetous. I hoarded away these gifts. While
I would not beg for more directly, I did so in
directly. I inferred my cramped means *nd
situation, instead of stating them openly.
Though having then money enough to sup
ply the needs of the hour more in accordance
with my tastes and desires, I did not so
gratify them. I continued still to dress
plainly and live poorly. I did so because I
oould not bear to part with my treasure. I
sent half my soul in a certain bank vault and
left it there amid a package of soiled bank
bills—mine! iuin»! mine!—of which I would
not touch one to make my life and surround
ings more pleasant. I traded on my versa
tality and vivacity to make and keep friend*
I was willing to go among them with my
mouth ever wide open to receive whatever
was dropped in it, and to attract their gifts
to my powers of pleasing.
I found when I had sufficient meant that I
had not the courage to spend them for what
I had so earnestly wanted. The saving, cal
culating, ourtrtow-penny habit of years clung
to me.
Anything beyond my old plana of expense
frightened me. I was cursed with a mania
for cheapness. If I purchased a good article
of any sort, and paid for it a good price, I
wquld be pained fen* days at the thought of
parting with so much money. Be money
brought me no relief—only the more distress.
The reason was, I had trained myself to
m,l imiiLt sat aUML My n.iiu)
[OrtglnaLJ
: -.v.* v'.
on that point was diseased. Had a million
been placed In my pcwawrion I should have
felt the same. In thought 1 should have been
no richer.
Besides, I’d had that villainous maxim,
“Save when you’re young that you may
spend when you’re old,” and too worn out to
get nny pleasure out of your spending, drilled
and drummed into my ears from my earliest
childhood, until I had come to think every
cent expended over and above what was
necessary to keep life in one’s body a semi
sin. if not a whole one.
Isabel and I planned a trip to England
together. I wished for a course of study
at one of the great London hospitals. Ws
arranged the trip and set a time for our de
parture.
But when I came to think the matter over
by myself it presented itself in a very differ
ent light. I felt that for this girl to accom
pany me would be for both of us a misfortune;
that I should tie ever leading her into trouble
through my whims and humors, and that
her gentle and sensitive nature was not able
to endure the strain that would be put upon
it through my possible acta I feared, also,
knowing then better ray own erratic tem
perament and love of change, that the time
might come when I should tug at any chain,
however dear. So firmly did I believe that
such would be the case, and so averse was I
to the stating of this opinion to Isabel, »-hat
off I went to England alone and without giv
ing her any explanation whatever. It cost
me a succession of crying spells, and I pre
sume it did her also.
1 studied iu a great London hospital for a
year— rather a hard experience for a woman,
as a woman in such a situation is regarded
by the English medical student. Englishmen
make ample amends for having one woman
rule them—nominally—for they seem to rule
all the rest with a barbaric rod.
I returned to America a qualified physi
cian. 1 had gained my end and paid dearly
for it The strain had been too much. I
was, at the start, splendidly equipped as to
physical vigor, but it had been exhausted in
the contest of years. My health broke down.
I was ready to commence life, but now Ufa’s
corner stone and foundation to build upon—
health—was wanting. I had expended all
my reserve strength in forcing myself to ac
cept food, dress and surroundings which did
violence to my nature; in grieving my higher
self by stooping to obtain means in the way
I have stated; in forcing the reckless side of
my nature to the front as a sort of protec
tive armor, for as I began to realize that It
was a part of my nature, I made it do double
duty. I would work myself, force myself
into that mood when I really felt far more
like crying, when I so longed for a friend on
whose bosom I could throw myself and tell
her all about myself—teU her what I have
tried to tell here—if I had dared. But these
truths then I dared not own to myself.
The few friends I had in Boston—some of
whom ha/1 given me means—may remember
how suddenly I disappeared; how I left them
without a word or line of thanks or remem
brance. That they should deem me ungrate
ful Ido not wonder. But I left them in the
way I did because I dared not reveal myself
to them. I could not as I have done here.
Nor could I thank them for their kindness in
any assumed mechanical fashion. I felt that
I had played a part for a sordid motive. I
loathed myself for so doing. So between the
two I went off in silence.
This is my Christmas message—the one
Christmas token I can offer. What I want it
to impress upon its readers is that sordidness
never results in good. Giving, not hoarding,
brings back a rich return. Think of this, as
Christmas dawns and the New Year opens.
Be generous to others and to yourself.
And this: There is no ultimate gain in
starvation, starved and repressed appetite,
or starved and repressed taste, no matter
what be the end attained through such
starvation; it is only another robbing of
Peter to pay Paul, only damming up injuri
ously what’s in human nature to roll over
the barrier at last and sweep all before it;
only a starving of body, mind and spirit,
whose result is to make one see through
starved eyes and by a starved judgment
Close the old year and open the new with
the good cheer that conies from generous giv
ing. Remember that all you can carry into
the life hereafter will be what you hav*
given, not what you have saved.
PRKNTICK M (ILFORD.
Boston, Dec. 16.
A PH MA DONNA ON THE PLAINS.
People Who Hide Four Hundred Miles
to Attend a Concert.
[Cor. Boston Gazette.]
I had a letter from Miss Clara I.ouise
Kellogg the other dav, in which she de
scribed a part of her tour to me. !She is
now .ourneying through the northwest,
and in all her tra els. in Kurope or
America, she says she has never had so
iniere.ting a time There is nothing very
e citing or romantic about the ordinary
1 having western town, hut the mining
towns where Miss Kellogg has been sing
iug of late have given her the most pict
uresque episodes of her professional
career.
the has traveled all through the Yel
lowstone region, where she says she failed
to find the brilliant hues Thomas Moran
gets in his water-colors. Going through
this country she rode in stages, and usu
a.ly occupied the seat with the driver.
These drivers she describes as veritable
characters out of Hret llarte’s stories.
They were full of anecdote, aud kept her
eutertaiued with their adventures and ex
periences all along the route
At .Mammoth hot springs she gave a
concert on Sunda night at 930 o clock.
This late hour was to accommodate
;>eople from out of town, from .00 to .00
miles away, who came to hear the sing
ing, for music of the sort Miss Kellogg
and her company gave them is scarce iu
that part of the country. . v ome of the
parties carried tents and provisions and
camped out aloug the wav. After the
concert there was a bail, which did not
begin uutil after 12 o'clock midnight,
which made it Kuuday morning.
Miss Kellogg says that she stayed to
the dance, ana not only stayed, but took
part iu it, going through the figures of the
\ irginia reel and a quadrille with a cow
boy for a partner. An old ranchman
called olf the figures. Every variety* of
frontier costume was seen in the dance—
red shirts, hickory shirts, leather shoot
ing coats top boots and moccasins, all
making a striking background to the
pi iraa donna's concert dress.
It was a strange mingling of Paris and
Yellowstone fashions. The natives them
selves did not enjoy the fun one whit
more than did Miss Kellogg; indeed, not
as much, for it was a new and interesting
experience to her, while to them it waa
au old, old story.
An Iri*h Market Day.
[Good Words. J
The monthly market was being held at
Ballina .through which, luckily, the Moy
runs, for the town is incredibly dirty)
when 1 arrived, and I found the pigs and
the geese and the ponies and the donkeys
and the girls and the “boys” congregated
in the market place There was plenty
of noise, but no fighting, and, in fact,
during my whole stay in Ireland I did
not see a single fight I don t believe, in
deed, that the Inshmau is bv nature a
quarrelsome animal; he fights'simply be
cause he likes it; growing, in his own
language, “blue-molded for want of a
bating." he rides down to the fair, and
trails his coat across the road in the sim
p est and purest spirit of enjoymeut
No, I did not see a faction fight, but
the most charming Irishwoman 1 met
told me what it was like. A hundred
sticks are raised simultaneously; for an
instant .for an instant only, to enable the
women to escape; they quiver in the a'.r,
as fir trees shake in the wind before a
storm, and then down they come with a
noise like the patter of hailstones upon
water, on those old hats and head* Mean
time the fiddler p.ays on cheerfully and
the dancers continue their jig without
concerning themselves about the fight—
such is the force of habit
Snobbish British Amateur*.
{Chicago Herald. 1
Sydney Smith's “2 pence looking down
on it half pence” has just had an illustra
tion which transceuds the most moving *
instance of national weakness cited in
“The Hook of Snoba ” It should be well
known that one of the burning questions
of the day on the other side, aud to some
extent here, is and has long been as to the
essential elements of the prodigy known
as a gentleman amateur.
There are amateurs and amateurs as
there are fagots and fagots, and the de
grees of great fleas and little tleas do not
travel off more curiously into the infinite
than do the grades ana varieties of the
British amateurs His more recent per
formance is the proclamation by the
cricketers of a club formed by athletes
employed iu wholesale bouses to the effect
that "the gentlemen engaged in wholesale
commerce are required as a condition ..f
membership of the dub to take no part
in matches against “persons employed iu
retail tradii This manifest seems in
credible. but it is iu print all the same.
Cbaiooal foTjUuHIiJ *
[Chicago Times]
l harcoal is an antiseptic, aud may often
he taken as a medicine with much benefit,
to relieve the stomach from excess of
acid and to promote digestion It to a
mistake to suppose that birds and ani
mals in a state of nature can not procure
charcoal and would not use it if they
could. hires occur in the wilderness
every seasou a < charred trees are of com
men occurrence, c eer and birds eat this
charcoal very freely, and pigs roaming
the woods are eager for it When char
cual is uotattainab*e rotten wood to eaten
* ■ : 4#; : ( T ..-,^
{
Ji m

xml | txt