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The Oskaloosa herald. (Oskaloosa, Mahaska County, Iowa) 1885-1919, January 06, 1887, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87058308/1887-01-06/ed-1/seq-2/

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THE HERALD
PUBLIBHKO BY THK
Herald Printing Company.
Circulation N—fly Tkp— Thoniaad
TWO DOLLARS PER ANNUM.
Thursday and Saturday.
OSKALOOSA. : i IOWA:
January 6, 1887.
—lt is probable that Charles B. Far
well will be Logan’s successor in the
Senate from Illinois. The legislature
will elect next Tuesday:
—No Democratic free trader says he
wants fifty-one millions tax taken off
sugar. That’s a bull-dozer’s industry,
and hence hencely.
—The Ottumwa Democrat , as a pre
liminary to tbe publication of much
free trade matter, has established an
alleged humorous department.
—An artillery officer has made cer
tain and safe the use of a gun which
will throw a nitro-glycerine shell of
such size that, when it explodes, it will
kill all within a quarter of a mile. The
officer is Lieut. Zalinsby, of our
own army.
—The number of troops furnished
for the Continental army by States
were as follows: Newjllampshire, 12,-
497; Massachusetts, 67,907; Ithode Is
land, 5,904; Connecticut, 31,939; New
York, 17,981. When the struggle for
freedom was made the Yankee States
were always found there, in the strong
est force. History tells where the
tories were found.
—Mr. Palmer retires from the Mason
City Republican, leaving Mr. Tucker
in possession. Palmer will be heard
from very soon again. F. Stennenberg
drops out from the Knoxville Express,
and leaves Mr. Casey to print an al
leged Greenback paper as a Democratic
aid and pot-wollojier. The decent
thing for that paper to do is to go dead,
as it really is.
—Tuesday was a day of railway hor
rors. A west bound passenger train on
tbe Baltimore & Ohio railroad collided
with a freight train near Tiffin, Ohio,
resulting in a terrible wreck, in which
thirteen passengers were killed. An
east bound passenger train on the Bos
ton & Albany also collided with a
freight train yesterday morning near
Springfield, Mass., and was badly
wrecked, killing one passenger and ser
iously injuring a dozen others.
—Russia and Germany have entered
into an alliauce, in which it is agreed
that in case of war l>etween Germany
and France Russia will remain neutral;
while Germany proposes to stand aloof
in case of war between Rhssia and
Austria. The outlook for war at an
early day is unfortunately promising,
and to that end Germany and France
are making quiet but yet tremendous
preparations. Russia is doing the same,
and it all has for its base territorial
greed, mixed witn revenge.
—For tfee benefit of those of our
friends who are worried because Amer
ican labor is better paid than that of
the old countries, we publish the fact
that the free trade organs at Des Moines
in the following call: “A conference of
free traders is hereby called to meet in
Des Moines, Jan. 5,1887. All free tra
ders throughout the State of lowa are
cordially invited to attend.” You wou’t
hear any of them cry for free sugar.
That would hit a Democratic industry
in Louisiana, and the free traders are
not built up to hit Democrats that w r ay!
I?
m
vji
—The Northwest has seen unparal
leled development in its railroad enter
prises during the past year. Two sets
of facts have to be considered in esti
mating railroad extension, the first of
which involves the cost and value of
the enlargement, and second the actual
mileage. In the year 1882 the number
of miles of road built in the northwest
was 2,400, against 3,000 miles in 1881;
and these were follow ed by 1,033 mil -s
in 1883; 1,602 in 1885, and 2,263 miles
during the past year. As already sug
gested, the mileage tells only half the
story. During the year the cost has
averaged from 812,000 to 820,000 per
mile, or, in round numbers, on an aver
age of 816,000 a mile, a total for con
struction of 836,192.000.
—There is a breeziness in the ex
pressions of the Louisville Courier-
Journal that must be influenced by
the star-eyed goddess of free trade
which Watterson keeps. Hear him
sing out: “ Between a mugwump in
the White House and a stalwart Re
publican, we should prefer to take our
chance of the future in a square hand
to-hand fight with principle with the
Republican, getting with our victory,
fi we should win a victory, a change of
public policy, than to eke out a precar
ious milk-and-water servitude to a
fast-and-loose, pig-and-puppy. now-you
see-it and now-you-don’t, too-good-to
be-honest and too-great-to-be-useful
administration, of Cheap-John states
men, wearing second-hand apparel and
pinch-beck jewelry.”
—The man of the Sigourney Review
rises up to remark: "If the Gulf State
Democrats insist on voting with east
ern Republicans to prevent the Demo
crats of the north from redeeming
the pledges in their national platform
concerning a reduction in taxation, we
are just the kind of a Democrat to
stand aside and let them light it out on
pig iron and sugar, and laugh when
their calamity cometh.” We have
always been told that there was no
damage to come to the protected arti
cles, and are surprised that our Demo
cratic friend should make such an ad
mission.
-—The force of will has never had a
clearer or more positive exemplification
than the case of the Rev. Edward Irv
ing,—as set forth in Dr. Tuke’s admir
able work. Mr. Irving was an eloquent
preacher, who, fifty years ago, made a
dissenting chapel in London a fashion
able place of resort, had a powerful
intellect and a stronger will. ISo strong
was it that even the terrible cholera
succumb to its away. One Sunday
morning, during the cholera season of
1832. he rose in jierfect health, but at
break fast-time he became very cold,
and suffered great agony. A physician
found him with great sunken eyes and
pallid cheeks, and evidently a prey to
the fatal malady. Irving believed that
disease was sin, which could be mast
ered by faith. The fact that the cholera
waa likely to overmaster him was evi
dence, as he thought, that he had sin
fully lost his hold of faith. 11 is belief
provoked him to moral struggle, in
which his. powerful will was pitted
against his collapsed body. He tottered
to church. With dimmed sight,
swimming head, and labored breath,
he ascended the stairs, grasped the
sides of the pulpit and looked wistfully
•round. His natural energies re
sponded to the summons of his will
The crisis came; a cold sweat broke out
all over his body, aud stood in great
drops on his forehead and bands. For
nsere than an hour he preached with a
fervor unknown to him, though he was
the most fervid of pulpit orators. He
walked home, ate very little, and in the
evening preached in a crowded school-
I * room—thus giving one of the most
j W,, illustrations of the influence
GENERAL JOHN A. LOOAN.
By Mat Pansy.
A great and good man baa (alien.
The nattou In bim their pride and power lose;
Respected, honored, and loved by his country -
men many;
But, alas! his brilliant career Is in life ended.
Countrymen, we have lost, yes. lost
A great statesman, soldier,
Representative at the capital,
And, most of all, a true loyal man.
As we mourn, we his career remember;
Life to him was slxty-two years,
in which time for his preparation was given—
Dead; but fame of his will remain for ages.
Pure typical American was Logan;
A lover more than all things else of his country;
But to you soldiers of Western land more so.
And that ardent love which you for him had.
Soldiers of the West, your brave commander
has gone;
No longer your ears can hear his voice to vic
tory call;
May your memory be of him pleasant.
As years roll o’er your hero’s bed.
First for life’s battle education came;
Then to him at Mexican out-break
Came calling him to be first lieutenant of Com
pany H;
Yes, to him life’s duties called this.
So ’twas all through the great hero’s life.
Time was in constant occupation for his fame;
In it is ascents that his life was built;
Never did he slide backward to make It per
ceptible.
Fame at every corner did wait, nor give to an-
1111 its true servant came;
Nor did be refuse the message.
But bore it through life with him.
He felt keenly what others of him said;
Were it good or ill, he by it was affected.
And a defeat meant a sad blow to life;
But so it must be, to the best sorrow comes.
Now there be one who mourns, for
Death claimed yours as its own;
Ob, may her aching heart be relieved
When she remembers your life!
—There are only nine thousand sol
diers in the poor houses of the country.
The surplus increases every day, and
yet the Democratic committees refuse
to give aid for these through State
authorities. All State Soldiers’ Homes
should be supported by the national
treasury, and he who would oppose that
scheme is selfish indeed.
—The Bloomfield Democrat says:
“There was a bill to spend $400,000.f0r
a National Guard, and Weaver voted
against it. The American citizens have
not reached that point where money
must be ruthlessly expended to guard
them.” This is the Sewell bill, which
had passed the Senate. Since 1800 there
has been an annual appropriation of
$200,000 for the militia of the United
States, to be furnished in arms from
the arsenals. The present bill changes
the appropriation to $400,000, and
amends tbe law so that all kinds of
ordnance stores and camp equipage can
be issued to the National Guard, in
stead of the militia. The measure had
the unqualified approval of Gen. Sheri
dan, all the leading army department
officers, aud of all men in authority not
given to bowing down in awe before
mobs, in one way or the other. The op
position to the measure came from
those who do not want a power behind
the law that can shoot, and Weaver
stood with them. The Chicago anarch
ists protested against it, and Weaver
heard their protest. Tbe appropriation
is wise, and should be larger to make
certain positive efficient results.
—The Executive Committee of the
Council of Administration has, after a
careful examination of the subject,
decided to hold the 21st National En
campment on the 28tb, 29th and 30th
days of September. This is an un
usually late date, but it is obviously
the best that could be chosen. A date
in April, May or early in June, was not
to be chosen, because the majority of
the members of the Encampment could
not get away from their farms, their
shops, their stores, or their law offices
to attend. Nor could they take their
children away from school for the
journey. The weather is very hot in
St. Louis in the last part of June, July,
August and the early part of Septem
ber, so that if the Encampment were
held then the discomfort would be
great. Toward the last of September
the city and suburbs will be looking
their best, fruits and flowers will be in
overflowing abundance, the weather
will be delicious, and everybody all
over the country who wants to go will
have the leisure to do so. Undoubt
edly there will be the largest atten
dance ever known in the history of the
order. The great Departments of Ohio,
Indiana, Michigan, Illinois, Wisconsin,
lowa, Kansas and Nebraska will attend
en masse, and with them will come tens
of thousands of citizens anxious to
witness the grand congregation of the
soldiers.
—Referring to the Blaine and Ed
munds episode, the New York Tribune
gives place to the following as having
been said by Senator Edmunds: “I am
not inclined at my age to hold malice
toward any man. I have my family to
think of, and the approaching end of
my life, and don’t want to be involved
in controversy or bitterness with any
one. You may say as much to Mr.
Blaine from me.” In the discussion of
the affair at General Arthur’s house,
which ensued, Mr. Edmunds is said to
have protested that the letter which
was published in Boston on the Satur
day previous was never written by him
with any intention of giving offense,
or of imputing to Mr. Blaine any such
character as the newspapers had made
it appear. The general construction
put upon the letter was that Mr. Ed
munds believed Mr. Blaine a dishonest
and dishonorable man. In response to
this intimation, the Senator replied in
emphatic language: “I never at any
time said or believed that Mr. Blaine
was intentionally guilty of a dishonor
able act or dishonorable deed.” The
quotation here of this language" of
Senator Edmunds has given rise to the
belief that if the report is accurate a
reconciliation may be brought about.
Some of Mr. Blaine’s friends say that
such a statement from Mr. Edmunds,
m ide as openly and broadly as the let
ter which gave offense to Mr. Blaine,
woyld result in Mr. Blaine being the
first to make advances for a reconcilia
tion.” '
—All the Democratic papers of this
district are howling free-traders. They
whine about the protected manufac
turers, and call protection legalized
robbery, or something of that sort, but
not one of them has demanded that the
tariff on sugar shall be removed. The
collections on this item alone amounted
lait year to over fifty million dollars, or
about ninety cents per capita of our en
tire population, because there is no
competition in sugar inside of the pro
tected lines, and from natural causes
cannot be, the tariff becomes an actual
tax on the consumer. Where competi
tion enters in, the tariff does not be
come a tax, for competition keeps the
price down. But our Democratic
friends do not want to attack the sugar
tax, for the reason that the people thus
greatly favored are Democrats, keep
• State in Democratic line by various
methods, and to clamor against them
would not be popular. Even that
howling dervish of the Ottumwa Dem
ocrat keeps mum on this item, and he
will keep so right along. The old time
subserviency of northern Democrats
to Democratic demands from the south
is of as much force to-day as when they
demanded that the northern Demo
crats should play sleuth hound in catch
ing slaves, which they did. They know
their master, and give fail, cringing
obedience to the crack of the whip.
The tax of ninety cents on sugar for
each man, woman and child will not
be discussed by these Democratic
friends of ours.
THE HERALD: OSKALOOSA. MAHASKA COUNTY.
THE MAHASKAS.
A LONG NEGLECTED DUTY NOW PER
FORMED—BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF
THE GREAT MAHASKA FAMILY—WHO
THESE GOOD INDIANS WERE— PER
SONAL CHARACTERISTICS.
At one time, back in the ’3o’s, lowa
was the hunting ground, with others,
of the Sac, Fox and lowa tribes of In
dians. The latter, at one time, was a
very powerful tribe; brave and resolute
in their many undertakings of warfare
against the Sioux and Osages. They
early made a good reputation, and are
mentioned with praise by Lewis and
Clark the early explorers. That they
were of a migratory character more
than common to the aborigues of that
day is shown by the fact that about
sixteen removals were made by them.
They first came down the Mississippi
river to Des Moines, and their many
villiages were found in what now con
stitutes the counties of Yan Buren,
Davis and Wapello. Thence they weut
to Dakota, then back to Nebraska, and
had their final camp in lowa in the
Grand river country—in Wayne, Clarke
and Lucas counties. The iowas were
divided into eight leading clans, each
bearing the badge of some animal or
bird, and each clan had its own pecu
liar manner of cutting the hair. Thus,
tbe eagle clan wore two locks of hair
on the front part of the head, and a
long tail behind. A caucus of the clans
must have shown many of the fashions
that have been seen on the heads of
white women since that day. Some of
the jealous Indians called them “Dusty
Noses,” because they camped on sand
bars and often scrubbed their bodies
cleanly with the sand. At an early day
the lowas were once invited to a dog
feast by a wandering band of tbe Sioux.
Man-haw-gaw was the leading lowa
chief, and betw’een the dog feast and
the pow-wow the Sioux killed him.
Ever after it was a bloody time when
an lowa could get at the Sioux. The
Usages joined with the Sioux, and they
had to take their walloping whenever
it was handy. These aboriginal cocks
of-the-walk were the tribe which gave
birth, home and room to fight to the
great family of Mahaskas ! Man-haw
gaw was the paternal ancestor of Ma
haskah the Elder. The name, properly
spelled, is Ma-has-kah, and means,
White Cloud. Thanks to Catlin, the
painter, we have the opportunity of
presenting a very fair engraving of this
celebrated chief, after whom.the coun
ty was named:
ENTER PROUD MAHASKA !
In this rather late biographical obit
, uary of the deceased chieftain we feel
perfectly safe in presenting the above.
He is dead, and his near relatives are
dead, and hence there is no one to take
dangling scalp for the crime so common
i these days ! That Ma-has-kah was a
brave man is shown from the fact that
he had seven wives ! He never applied
for a divorce from any of them, but it
was the gossip about camp that oc
casionally one would go down to the
Des Moines river to bathe, and would
be found quite dead .next morning.
This necessitated the chief to bring in
another one to hold his number up to
the golden seven. That he lived with
seven wives shows him to have been a
master hand at management. No man
to-day could do that. One is about all
that the wisest and best of our states
men can manage, as we all know from
observation. His bravery was not con
fined alone to living with seven wives.
He was always at the head of the lowa
war parties, and at his belt dangled
very many scalps of the Sioux and
Usages. In 1824 he went to Washing
ton and visited President Monroe, and
upon his return he took himself to the
ways of peace, built a double log cabin
and lived in comfort. In 1833 some of
his men were connected with a kiiling
scrape, and General Clark ordered that
they be arrested. Ma-has-kab, having
adopted peaceful ways, said that it
should be done, and assisted in the
arrest of the men, and sent them to Ft.
Leavenworth. There one of them
threatened to kill him when begot out.
This Indian made his escape, and dur
ing the fall of 1834 he found Ma-has
kah, camped on the Nodaway, in the
southern corner of Cass county, and
there murdered him in a very cowardly
manner. At about fifty years of age
this great chief, the winner of eighteen
battles, ended his career. His death
caused a great mourning in bis villiage.
His seven wives went into mourning
and poverty, and one of them—who
bore the name of Female-deer-that
bounds over-the-prairies,—refused ever
afterward to be comforted. The assas
sin of Ma-has-kab took refuge with the
Otoes, but as they did not want to mix
in the coming war they killed him, and
sent his scalp to the lowas. An ac
complice was also executed by the
lowas. In speaking of his death the
braves said: “The greatest man who
ever made a moccasin track in the
Nodaway valley has gone to the happy
hunting grounds." Ponies and dogs
without number were slain in memento
mori. Ma-has-kah was full six feet
two inches in heigbth, of great physi
cal strength and much manly
beauty. On his death his son,
TnK YOUNGER MA-IIAB-KAH
was promoted to the command of the
iowas. Whether it waa by civil ser
vice examination, or pernicious activ
ity, or because he was M one of the
boys,” the records do not say. At all
events he “got there” and “staid there.”
He was considered much of a dude in
his day. In 1836-7 he went to Wash
ington asking for redress of some of
the many grievances indicted upon his
people by the whites, but beyond
having a pow-wow with the authori
ties nothing was done. The old habit
of robbing and wronging the Indian
was then in vogue—coming down from
the cheating dicker under the elms at
Philadelphia to that day, and with
some changes onto the present time.
The younger Ma-has-kah got into white
man’s ways, and a good deal of white
man’s whisky got into him, with the
usual result. At the age of thirty-six,
we have him with one eye knocked
out and three wives. He rouid not
last long under I hese conditions, and
we drop the historian’s veil over him.
Among the seven wives of the elder
Ma-has-kah, was
RANT-CHE-WAI-ME,
or the “Female Flying Pigeon.” Of all
his wives her record stauds out with
most distinguished honor. She was
inclined to conclusive argument with
her one-seventh share of husband. One
time when Ma-has-kah was on his way
to Washington, he intimated that he
would make the trip without any of
his w’ives along. Rant-che-wai-me said
nothing, but after the old man had
made twocamps away from his village,
in the evening he was surprised to see
the beloved of his heart standing over
him with an uplifted tomahawk in her
band. She pleasantly remarked: “Am
I your wife? Are you my husband?
If so, I will go with you to the Maw
he-hum-ne che (the American big
house) and see and shake the hands of
the In-co-ho-nee,” meaning the Presi
dent. Of course, she went. That toma
hawk would have passed any woman
any where, so far sis her husband w;is
concerned. She was a pretty woman—
for au Indian—and attracted much at
tention at the White House. She was
loaded with presents; observed many
of the weak ways of her white sisters,
and when she got home she lectured to
the women of the village on the follies
of the other women. In this example
Rant-che-wai-me has been followed by
others of her sex. Soon after her re
turn she had her pretty neck broken
by being thrown from her horse. She
was the youngest of four sisters who
were all wives of the distinguished
chief after whom this county was
named. She was popular in the tribe,
and her pet appellation was “The-beau
tiful-female-eagle that-fiies in-the-air. ”
She was deeply religious, charitable to
the poor and a friend always to the
whites. Along with her great husband
she justly should be remembered with
monument to their joint memory.
Oskaloosa was a beautiful Indian
girl, the daughter of an Indian chief of
the Creeks. She was early captured by
force by a Seminole ceief, and joined
to his “hareem.” He called her “the
most beautiful one,” which is the mean
ing of Oskaloosa. and our girls keep
right on living out the definition —to
the best of their ability and pa’s purse.
—We trust that the relatives, if any
there be, will pardon the long delay
that has attended proper obituarial and
biographical presentation in the official
organ of the tribe of Mahaskas, “by
one of ’em.” But the task is done, and
w’e’ll talk it all over with them in that
happy hunting ground wdiere they have
been chasing the game these many
years, and where we-hope to swap
Limerick hooks and fish lines with the
elder Ma-has-kah for venison, and set
an example of total abstinence to the
younger who fell into bad white man’s
bad ways.
It is done! The pappoose calls the
long haired warbler to the banquet
hall!
WASHINGTON LETTER.
[From Our Regular Correspondent.]
Washington, D. C., Dec. 31, 1886.
The city has beeu more quiet during
the present Congressional holiday va
cation than is usual at such limes.
Quite a number of Senators and Repre
sentatives weut home to eat their
Christmas dinners. The death of Sen
ator Logan caused various proposed
festivities to he abandoned,and rheuma
tism has again kept the President pris
oner, so that he has been compelled to
forego certain social entertammeuts
given in his honor.
To-day almost everyone of promi
nence in Washington attended the im
posing funeral ceremonies of the dis
tinguished dead, which were held in
the Senate chamber. General Logan
and his wife were members of the
Methodist church, and Rev. Dr. New
man, the Washington pastor of Gen.
Grant, officiated at the funeral, assisted
by the Chaplain of the Senate and the
Rev. Dr. Butler of the Lutheran
church. The funeral procession from
the Capitol to the cemetery, which was
lengthened by a number of civic and
military organizations, was in charge
of Gen. Sheridan.
This was the sixth funeral that has
taken place in the Senate chamber.
The first was that of Senator Hicks of
Maryland, the next Senator Foote of
Vermont, then Hon. Charles Sumner,
Vice President Wilson, and last March
Senator Miller from California.
Among all t.he tributes that are paid
to the deceased Senator, the honesty of
his Legislative life was lost sight of.
In an era when corruption was rife,
and when many of the strongest men
of both parties were broken down and
blasted by public exposure or denunci
ation, which was almost as fatal, Logan
escaped all those long years untouched
even by suspicion. Although his po
litical friends accused him of being
narrow in his prejudices sometimes,
even they acknowledged that he was a
firm, sincere friend who never stooped
to hypocrisy.
The re-nomination of Mr. Matthews,
the colored lawyer from Albany, to be
Recorder of Deeds in the District of
Columbia, promises to be a celebrated
case. The President holds that since
the Senate rejected him last summer,
much of the opposition to Matthews’
appointment has been removed by the
latter’s management of the office. The
Democrats are indignant that the Pres
ident should have again seen fit to send
in the name of this “carpet-bagger from
Albany,” as they call him, and the Ite
publicans are watching with interest
to see how the Senate will treat the
case of the same nominee which it re
jected last session.
In renominating Mr. Matthews the
President said to the Senate: “1 have
ventured in view ol the demonstrated
fitness of this nominee, and with the
understanding that the objections here
tofore urged against his selection have
to a great extent subsided, and con
fessing a desire to tender to our colored
fellow-citizens just recognition and the
utmost good faith, to again submit this
nomination to the Senate for confirma
tion, at the same time disclaiming any
intention to question its previous ac
tion in the premises.” The matter will
cause a warm discussion soon, and it is
probable that Mr. Matthews will be re
jected again.
Congress did a good deal of work in
the brihf time that it convened before
the holidays, and it should not be se
verely censured if it were to do nothing
more this session except to p;iss the
regular appropriation bills. Still much
more is projected. For instance, Rep
resentative Springer says he will do all
he can to pass his bill enabling the ter
ritories of Dakota, Montana, New Mex
ico and Washington to enter the Union
as states, and he thinks he may suc
ceed.
There are two propositions pending
before Congress now relative to the
subject of marriage and divorce, and
whether or not any action will be taken
on either of them, the question involved
is one of great public importance and
constantly increasing interest. One of
these measures proposes a constitution
al amendment for the establishment of
uniform laws throughout the United
Htates, regulating marriage and di
vorce.
The White House patient has been
refractory and consequently he is not
wo well as he otherwise might have
been. The President’s physician
warned him to keep still and not expose
himself to drafts, and noth of these or
ders were disolieyed. Then on Wednes
day afternoou the President drove out
to his country place in an open Victo
ria. wearing a light overcoat, and
caught some cold. The President’s
trouble is a rheumatic knee and every
thing is being done to prevent the dis
ease from spreading, but the doctor
said no medical skill has ever been able
to coniine rheumatism to one part of
the body. In the case of (Jen. it
was the special aim of the phv»iciaus
to keep It from the heart; they
succeeded in doing this it attacked the
brain. The President hopes, however,
to be equal to the ordeal of the usual
New Year’s day reception at the White
House. Even If he cannot endure the
entire two hours’ task, he proposes to
receive until compelled by fatigue to
retire.
Tbe Province of Man.
Editor Herald: —To live and learn
is to become wise; such is the province
of man, the noble work of natured God.
In the beginning God created a true
knowledge of all things. He placed
that knowledge within the reach of
man and permits all mankind to par
take of that knowledge to the full ex
exient of all their requirements while
living in mortal life; that by their own
energy they may become wise to them
selves, even as God is wise to Himself,
so may mankind become wise to them
selves. To learn all there is to know
within the reach of man is only justice
to ourselves. There is no excuse for
not learning in this day and age of the
world. Good books and many news
papers on all subjects are within the
means and reach of all who care to
learn. Professor 11. ll.Seerley unveils
the truth and shows clearly that much
of our boasted education is no benefit
to many people. It is more the lack of
energy than the want of means or ad
vantages. Many good people through
out our country do not take auy kind
of a newspaper. They depend on what
others tell them for their information,
and then sometimes doubt ihe truth of
what is told them.
I he honorable professor gives us an
other good point of instruction when lie
says it needs be that we value mind
above matter. Earth and earthlv sub
stance is matter inanimate. Mind is
the mainspring of all action, the su
preme, innate, all-directing power of
creation, and is justly entitled to value
above matter. To educate the mind
above matter teaches man that a more
elevated knowledge can be obtained
than the ever-toiling desire to obtain
wealtli in dollars and cents; it points to
the road that leads to his own elevation
and his posterity after him.
Yes, “The Province of the Teacher.”
by H. H. Seerley, is a practical
illustration of truth and requirements.
It will give good instruction to all who
read it. It proves clearly that the right
man is in the right place; that he will
elevate the State Normal with the
minds of the people. It is well that the
State of lowa can appoint a practical
man principal in the State Normal.
Isaac O. Middleton.
The Kick of the Jackal.
Burlington Hawkeye.
There may have been good reasons
for Mr. Cleveland to stay away from
Logan’s funeral. He still may have the
gout or the rheumatism and that mav
serve as a good and valid excuse. At
all events, Mrs. Cleveland was there
and that made the president’s absence
less perspicuous. But it certainly did
not look well, that during the whole
time that the body of the great soldier,
the noble patriot, the honest politician,
war awaiting burial, the holiday
festivities in the administration circles
at Washington were continued, with
out a word coming from above to check
the frolic and indicating that common
decency and a proper regard tor the
mournful feeling of the country should
put a halt to the merriment and delay
its continuance until after the remains
of the lamented dead had been con
ducted beyond the borders of the city,
where the disrespectful noise and clam
or could no more disturb their peaceful
rest. Nor did it look well that the ad
ministration had so little recognition of
the merits of this man, whom a whole
nation mourns, that it did not show
him the commonest kind of respect.
Since the announcement of Gen.
Logan’s death the flag pole of the
United States court house and post
office building have remained bare, the
official sign of grief and mourning, the
flag at half-mast, was not allowed to be
exhibited. The custodian of that build
ing is Secretary Manning’s brother-in
law and at the time when Hubert O.
Thompson, one of the men who had
tried to trample that very flag into the
mire, died, it was promptly put at half
mast and remained there until after his
funeral. The custodian of the building,
the brother-in-law of Mr. Manning, and
standing under the latter’s authority,
was asked last week, why he did not
lower the flag and he gave the reply
that he could not do so without orders
from Washington. And the authorities
in Washington were too busy attending
Christmas frolics and had no time to
give any such orders.
But the friends of Logan need not
grieve over the neglect—the offensive
neglect of the Democratic administra
tion. That administration in this action
is a good deal like the jackal, that
gloried in kicking the lion —when the
lion was dead.
BIRTHS - DEATHS - MARRIAGES
VALENTINE—ANDERSON.—Married at Os
kaloosa, lowa, January 4,1887. Chas. A. Croney,
Esq., officiating, Mr. Charles Valentine
ana Miss Matilda Anderson, both oi Knox
ville Junction. lowa.
DAVIS—MICK.—Married, at the home of the
bride’s aunt, Mrs. J. R. Marsh, of South Harri
son, Dec. 29, by Rev. Smith, of Kirkville, Mr.
Leander Davis aud Miss Minnie Mick.
About thirty school males and friend* were
present. After the congratulations the guests
were invited to the dining-room, to find a table
spread with the best of eatables; as Mrs. Marsh
knows what good victuals are she would not
allow it to be otherwise. Mr. Davis is one of
our best young men, and the bride a very esti
mable young lady, who will each be missed by
their young friends. They enter life’s journey
togther with the best wishes of their many
friends. Quite a number of preseuts were re
ceived.
IN MKMpKIAM
John Fletcher Norris was born, July 11, 1821,
In Fraukfort county, 111. His parents moved
while he was small to Vigo county, Ind., at
which place he grew to manhood. He was mar
ried March 28, 1850. to Miss Laura C. Haskell.
In 1851 they moved with one child to Mahaska
county, lowa, where they have lived all the
years since. In the spring of 1884. thinking that
he could secure more land for the benefit of his
children, he went to Washington Territory,
where he contracted a severe cold, and hts
health failed so rapidly that his friends feared
that, he would never be able to return; but
through the blessing of God and medical treat
ment he recovered so far that, under the advic
of physicians that the climate there was not
good for him, his friends came back with him to
lowa. He died December 30,1886, being 65 years,
5 months and 10 days of age. He made no pro
fession of Christianity until he was 37 years old.
At a protracted meeting in the winter of ’57-8
he was con verted,and to all who knew him before
and since, It need not be said that the change
from sin to rlghteonsnes was manifestly great.
His outward life was upright, while his inward
consciousness of saving grace was clear. Dur
ing his last illness he reuuested his friends and
children to sing and pray for him a number of
times, and when asked if It was well with his
soul, said that it was; he also often prayed for
himself, and while suffering was heard to say:
“Bless the Lord; he’s my Savior!” He was very
patient during his affliction; was conscious to
the very last, and even after ills eye-sight failed
conversed with his friends. The last hour of
his life and until he ceased to breath he seemed
to be withont pain. He leaves a wife and eight
children, seven of whom stood arouud his bed
weeping as he sweetly fell asleep In Jesus. One
daughter, Mrs. A. P. Goode, is in Washington
Territory. Thus ends ihe life of this husband
and father, brother in Christ and neighbor.
May he who doeth all things well sanctify this
affliction to the good of all. *
-me steamers erty or Natchez and R. B.
Hayes, with four loaded barges belonging
to the latter, wore burned at the wharf at
Cairo, 111., Tuesday morning. The loss ii
estimated at $400,000.
Ashbel H. Barney, one of the founders
of the express business, died Monday at
New York. He was at one time president
of the Wells, Fargo & Co. and the United
States Express Companies.
A number of wholesale liquor-dealers, of
Ohio, have taken joint action by employing
counsel to bring suit iu the United States
Supremo Court to test the constitutionality
of the Dow Liquor-Tax law.
Charles Charlton was shot dead by Mar
shal Hune, from whom he attempted to es
cape, at Whartonsburg, 0., Monday morn
ing. Before being killed Charlton stabbed
the marshal several times with a knife.
Mrs Cleveland has announood that with
the new year will oome a change in the
matter of White House receptions, which
will hereafter be given alternate Haturday
afternoons Instead of weekly as heretofore.
□At the annual auction sale of articles ac
cumulated in the dead-letter office at
Washington, comprising 4,W0 packages of
miscellaneous goods and 2,6*0 lots of books,
an average of sixty-five oents per lot vui
realised.
A Fort Buford dispatch says that the
Indian Commission has made an agreement
with the Indians at Berthold to surrender
all their reservation except a portion
thirty-five miles square aud take lands in
severalty
English schoolgirls love Dickens as
an author, with Scott a fair second.
There are 104 men in San Francisco.
Cal., who are worth over #1,000,000
each.
£
(
PERSONAL AND SOCIAL GOSSIP.
James Vernon, of Pottawattamie
county, was in the city last Saturday.
John Lockard has come back from
Kansas, and will be happy here this winter.
Jeff Glass and Miss Mabel Lindly re
turned to the Liucoln reservation Monday eveu
iug.
Willie Jackson lias been confined to
his room for the week past with feverish indis
position.
Parson Pillsbury and wife enter
tained a tableful of sinners on Friday evening—
at tea.
Many of her friends will regret to
learn that Miss Mollie Shaw is lying very low
with fever.
Mr. Charles Leighton has been har
vesting liis January crop oi lumbago, and has it
now well stacked away.
Will Hale left for Chicago Tuesday,
where he Will buckle down to Ills work, rein
forced by turkey aud things.
Mr. W. S. Ken worthy is slow’ly re
covering from a three weeks’ siege of rheuma
tism, of the most active belief.
Confidentially we may remark that
one of our city teachers Is soon to be married,
and will hang to a limb of the law.
Mr. and Mrs. Alexander Mikoch and
son Jesse, of Washington, were over-Sunday
visitors of Mr. and Mrs. ia-vi Shaw.
Miss Stelle Laffer, of Sigourney and
Miss Caldwell, of Eddyville, were at Mrs.
Baker’s on New Year’s day, and assisted in re
ceiving calls.
Marshall Electric Light: “Mrs. VV*
,1. Allen and children, who have been visiting
the family of Will Drinkle at Oskaloosa, re
turned to-day.”
A note from Elder C. P. Evans, of
the Christian church, says he has begun an in
teresting meeting at Swan, in Marion county,
and will continue all week in the good work.
Rev. D. W. Eddy,has severed his pas
to' :.l relations with the Friends city church,
and went to Chicago on Tuesday to pursue a
course of study at the Theological Seminary.
About fifteen of our city and county
teachers, with Supts. Hedge and Bcott, were at
Des Moines last week at the State Teachers’
Convention. They did not learn much, but had
a jolly time.
E. 11. Waring and T. R. Beraan are
in atteudance at the State convention of court
reporters at Des Moines. Miss Ozella Beman
is also attending the convention, on her way
home from Sioux City.
Reuben Roberts, who has been with
his sister, Mrs. Townsend, for two years past,
on the island of Jamaica, returned to the city
on Monday, for a short visit, when he goes to
Pasadena. Cal., his former home, and where
he will locate.
Here you have it, from the Des
Moines New*: “Mr. George W. Ogilvie is soon
to Dring home as a bride. Miss Carrie McAyeal,
who has been spending some months prepara
tory to her marriage, with her parents at Law
rence. Mass.”
Among the arrivals at the Downing
House, are the following: S. J. Clarke, Macomb,
111.; D. H. Lauderback, Chicago: F. A. Whiting,
Des;Molnes; J. K. Graves, Dubuque; E. L.
Dudley. Marshalltown; Prof. Thayer’s North
western orchestra.
Major ar.d Mrs. Byers spent New
Year’s at Des Moines with friends—Mrs. B.
assisting in receiving calls at Mrs. E. H. Gil
lette’s. Major Byers has been putting in the
week on his work of history-making at the Cap
itol. where he has a room.
John Mott, who was formerly one of
our boys here, and a good one, but now of Min
neapolis, has been down during the week. He
has been in railroad work up there, and is now
the owner of a fine patch near Lake Minnetonka.
The world has gone well with him.
Ottumwa Courier, Tuesday evening
*‘Mr«. J. D. Ladd went to Oskaloosa to-day t<i
spend New Year’s day with friends there
Mrs. Geo. Haw and children went to Oskaloosa
this morning to spend New Year’s with her
parents. Rev. and Mrs. T. E. Corkhill.”
So there had to be a capitulation at
last, on the part of one of our girls, for we tead
tilts in the Des Moines Mail: “Miss Carrie Mc-
Ayeal writes of being engaged in certain prep
arations that indicate the near approach of her
wedding to a certain Des Moines gentleman.”
Advices were received Tuesday of
the death of John G. Marks, at Leadvllle, Colo
rado, on that day. We understand that the
remains are to be Drought here for Interment.
Mr. Marks was one of our earliest settlers, and
last year went to Colorado to regain health by
change of climate.
Des Moines Neios: “Ex-Speaker
Head, of Jefferson, is to be married to Miss Jen
nie Hierb. of this oity, ere many weeks. The
acquaintance began during the reunion of the
Army of the Republic in California, last summer.
This explains the frequent presence of t he gen
tleman in tlift city.”
President Laughlin, of Hiram Col
lege, Ohio, sends us an invitation to be present
at the dedication of the new college building on
January 11. Under the care of our friend
Laughlin. Hiram College has taken on new
growth, and is uow entering an era of pros
perity well earned and richly deserved.
,1. D. Shaw and Jesse Crandall left
on Monday evening for Kansas, huuting for
land. C. C. Morgan and S. K. Morgan leave on
Monday next for the same State, and for the
same purpose—but will remain here as resi
dents. They are anxious to secure a prairie
dog town as a curiosity, hence they go to sweet
Kansas.
But few parties of callers were out
on New Year’s, and but two places were open
in regular way to their visits—at Prof. Baker’s,
where the descendants of the Mikado were
found, and at Mr. 8. J. Dutton’s, where a second
very happy party was found. Nothing could
have been more elegant or pleasant than these
two places in tlielr reception of the callers.
Spencer Reporter: “As will be
seen by notice elsewhere from the Oskaloosa
Hkrald, E. G. Morgan, of this place, was mar
ried to Miss Felker, of Oskaloosa, at the latter
place, December 22. The groom has been a
resident of Spencer for some live years, and to
speak of praise of him would be superfious, for
all esteem him highly for the many excellent
qualities he possesses. The happy couple ar
rived m Spencer Monday evening, and were
given a reception at the residence of J. Q.
Adams last evening, which was generally at
tended.”
Last Wednesday evening, Dec. 29, at
the invitation of Mr. and Mrs. Robert Harris, of
Garth-Id township, there were assembled about
100 gu -sts. Mr. Harris, who had just completed
a very haudsome residence and furnished it in
a very artistic and elegant manner, threw his
doors opeu for the hospitality of his neighbors
and friends. Nearly all the old settlers and also
the young people were present for miles around.
The evening was speut very pleasantly, with
some good selections of music, both vocal and
instrumental, rendered by Misses Annie Davis
and lluldah Downs and others, after which a
bountiful supper was served by his wife. Then
followed a good, old-fashioned hand-shaking,
and all went home rejoicing.
The friends of Lieut. A. C. Sharpe,
well known here, will be glad to read this flat
tering notice of his work at Wooster University,
which we take from the Heimblican of that, city:
”On Christmas eve, Lieut. A. C. Sharpe, of the
22d Infantry, U S. A., who is now tilling the pos
ition of Instructor of Military tactics in the
University of Wooster, under a special detail
from the war department, received a telegram
from the Adjutant General informing him that
by direction of the Secretary oi War he would
continue on his present duty for another year,
datlnglfrom July Ist, 1887. Lieut. Sharpe came to
Wooster three years ago next April by order of
the war department, and organized the military
department of Wooster University. Recently
lie received uotice that Ills time had been ex
tended to the Ist of July next. This further ex
tension to July Ist, 1888, was the result of the re
cent inspection of the department by Inspector
Geueral Rodger Jones. The organization aud
management of this department in our Univers
ity by Lieut. Sharpe have been crowned with
gratifying success. The Lieutenant, by bisgen
ilemauly demeanor and thoroughly military
knowledge, has made the department what it
is, and it lias made him decidedly popular, not
only in University circles, but also among the
citizens of our city. In a recent interview at
Washington, Adjutant General Drum said: ‘The
Inspector’s report trom Wooster is one of the
best we have received. Lieut. Sharpe has cer
tainly made a great success of the Military De
partment of the Wooster Uulvertlty, and de
serves the support of the war department.’ The
usual detail from the army for instructors at
oolleges Is three years. This extension of time,
therefore, is all the more complimentary, both
to Lieut. Sharpe aud the University, as it was
made entirely upon the merits of the case and
without reference to any political or |iersonal
influence whatever.”
Local Markets.
POTATOES • 60® 75
COHN, 60
OATH. ® 25
HUTTKK 18® SO
KUOS 22® 26
CHICKENS, dressed, V #> 04® 06
UKKSK and DUCKS, dres»ed V 1>.... ® oo
TIJKKKYB. dressed, ¥ ft ® 07
MOUS, Heavy, per 100 lbs 3.60®3.75
HODS, light, per lttt B>s 3.40®.'! no
HAY. per ton 7.00®* 00
Chicago Markets.
Chicago, January 6,18*7.
WHKAI —7*\ cash; 79!% February.
CORN 36H cash; »l 16-ie February.
OAIS-aei* cash; 3IH May.
LIVK STOCK.
C ATT UK-Receipts, T.ooo bead; shipping
steers. 3.60®8.00; Stockers and feeders, 2.50®
3.75; cows, bulis and mixed, 1.76®3.50, the bulk
at 2,3U®2.75.
HODS-Receipts, 35,000 head; rough and mix
ed. 4 uu®4.(io; packing and shipping, 4.60®-i.96;
llgllt, 3.50®4.60; Skips. a.70®3.70.
HHKKP.— Receipts, 5,000 head; natives, 3.80
IOWA. THURSDAY. JANUARY 6, 1887.
GREAT CLOSING SALE=
OF ALL KINDS OF
IF-A-LL WINTER GOODS I
A Great Knock-down in Prices just to make things lively!
FOR CASH!
We will guarantee GREATER BARGAINS than has ever
been offered in the city.
A Fine Display of Holiday Goods
to be Sold Cheaper Than Ever.
|
A large stock of Fine Wool and Novelty Dress Goods AT
\ COST, and some of them for Less Money, FOR CASH, which
DON'T BUY A CLOAK i
Until yon have seen the Splendid Bargains we are offering. Look j
all around town, then come in and we will save yon 20 to 25
Per Cent on same quality of goods. The Entire Stock MUST
GO ! See us for a Cloak sure.
GENTS’ AND LADIES’ MUFFLERS AND HANDKER
CHIEFS in endless styles and varieties and prices guaranteed.
iff?Flannels, Yarns, Blankets, Bed Comforts, Ladies’, Gents’ and Children’s Underwear, Hosiery, Gloves and Mittens,
Ladies’ and Children’s Hoods, Toboggans, Jersey Caps, Etc., at LOWER PRICES than any house in the west.
Every article iu our stock worth 20 to 33 Per Cent more than we now ask for them. We always have and always will undersell all
others on all kinds of DOMESTICS—Cotton Flannel, Muslin, Ticking, Table Linens, Crashes, Shirtings, Etc., cheaper
than auybody.
MITCH WXI-iSOINr,
Northwest Corner Square. OSKALOOSA, IOWA.
Strike While the Iron is Hot!
BUY When BARGAINS are Booming!
WE are GUTTING
Look Here!
Man’s Overcoat.
Remember, We are bound to be, and will'be, the Only Recognized
Leaders of Prices, and Strictly One Price Clothiers.
Respectfully,
GOLDEN EAGLE 01 PRICE CLOTHING HORSE,
West Side Square, Oskaloosa, lowa.
The New Furniture Store.
I rise to say that I am not (lead yet, but livelier than ever.
I desire to thank the public for the very liberal patronage be
stowed upon me during the short time I have been in business in
Oskaloosa, and also for the many expressions of sympathy and
kindly interest given me since the destruction of my store by tire.
Having secured the large aud elegant room known as the
PALACE SKATING RINK!
will be ready with a complete new stock of FURNITURE and
UNDERTAKING GOODS. During the past year I have studied
carefully the wants of the people and will endeavor to select a*
new stock that will please you. My new stock will be bought for
Spot Gash and in Large Quantities, which will enable me to buy
at the lowest prices and get the lowest rate on freights. I can
therefore guarantee you the Lowest Prices and the Latest and
Best Styles. My aim shall be in the future as in the past, by
keeping the LARGEST STOCK AND NEWEST STYLES, by
Fair Dealing and by Making the Lowest Prices, to make it to
you interest to deal with me. Again thanking you for all past
favors, I shall endeavor to merit a continuance of the same, and
also hope to add many new customers to my list.
Very siucerely yours,
BYRON S. HENRY.
If you need clothing for yourself or boys, this is the right time to buy. We
are forcing the sale of Men’s, Boys’ and Children’s
CLOTHING!
$2.50
—BUYS A—
OUT CfF THE ASHES!
I shall resume business at once, and
ABOUT JANUARY 15, 1887,
The New Furniture Store.
the PRICES as they have never been cut before-
WE call especial attention to our Mixed Lot of
GOOD, WARM, SERVICEABLE
OVERCOATS
WE HAVE MARKED
$4, $5, $6 and $7.
WFJ HAVE AND SHOW
Silk and Worsted Mufflers,
at Lower Prices than any house in town,
and if yon don’t believe it call in and
examine. The choicest line of Neckties
in town, at Golden prices.
Look Here \ s
MOKE
FOR SALE COLUMN.
I/'OR SALE- 100,000 good, bard-burned brick.
I.’ Enquire of James Logue, one.-naif mile
west of Oskaloosa College. t»-2pd
FOK SALE—Three choice building lots, w>\t2U
south of Penn College, on long time if 7m-’
proved. I43tf] R. Whitakbk.
~\\7 E have choice rooms that we can accoml
VV modate a few more boarders witll
Rooms all lighted with the Edison eleetri f
light. 20w4|)d J. C. BRECHLKB. (| 3atUT
■RIOR SALE UR RENT.—2OO acre farm In D°™ cers elect
A Moines township. The farm lias two go h
springs, good house and fair improvementJrlSSffS '
Will sell it on long time. Cali on H.S. Howard?* 1 'I **?*9
Mahaska County Bauk, Oskaloosa, la. ot a [’y
OUSE AND LOT FOK SALE.- '•’be-J™* 4 £
signed has a desirable bouse ant , n y» having no
Oskaloosa, lor sale at a bargain. EnqtflSj® 1
Mrs M. R. Dobyi.s, 2d house west of Bfc'Y* Ortnnell.
church. jds in this sec-
L'OK SALE OK KENT.—My lumber yard, the winter
A Block eabtol tbe depot, on t&e Kock Isla . M
road. Terms easy. A. J. Baughman, relatives on
_ lotf Oafcaloona. low^ ughter Effle
I < ARGAINS.— I Good Des Moines resident*?®?- . .
1* property to trade for small farm. Lar* 1 lueir lour
good iarm to trade for city property. .
47 if Ph i lli P 8 & G from
ool-roorn.
\ \ ’ AVI El).—Active, energetic men not aftjjj iiSKjV®**
v ? of work to travel in uie country and •*
nursery stock. Sleady work and good j-IBMIShek.
Name reference in first letter.
V. Z. Kkkd & Co..
18\v3pd Des Moines, lovjne and every
- " ■ <s. There were
l, AliAi iu KEN r.—Fine chance. Fine sn and received
X. iarm, lIAl l A miles from Oskaloosa; lf>oacresch was: T. S.
cently put in grass; good shade, running v\>. Smith, l'he
pasture and liay. Will be rented l:«*ar s evening at six
years low. .—.circe of the bride’s parents,
9tl * E. O. Smith. Horace Crookham
mm m ... . . .-(ter the ceremony and the con-
* numerous friends, all present
p - ) bountiful supper. After supper
tl Ipipi p p\ C groom were presented with a
WUkj r\ vJ r »sents. The guests were also
1 1 me fine music by Miss Lundy at
_K. O. Smith with his fife. Ev
it said they had a good time;
i. it. just ask Hen. Coomes
- i - gteave. On Monday following the
_ -at the residence of the groom’s
U Mrs. Martin Shene. About
«U f , ov I.aoes < idown to supper. After which
W* me (Zopdnta C()U pj e received the follow-
I ext and Stream areC. O. Smith, one set of silver
■ . .... ,s; Miss Adaie Smith, one cake
ery week Willi a tuudrih Smith, one set of silver
puie reading about And S. A. White, glass fruit dish
Travel Nuinral Hi* towels; Mrs. HoraceCrook
tiavfi,. iNdiurai 11i. cloth; Mrs Mary Keller aud
\ achling anu the Khcleave, glass water set; Mrs.
the sports of the field lamp; Mrs. Crowder, comb;
into close comm unit ,and ’ fnney gilt-edged tea set,
iniO close coaluiuuu, gware After supper the or
aml have about thence fine music, aud all went
-dahasing. -if VOU car they had done justice to the
■flpteiijnanywk , that ilUed the tables.
, there are a good many fires
send 10 cents TW. B- "CCla now. David Gaston’s house
est and Stream The house was insured
l?nw V V Mr - G - 13 a P°° r
IvOW, N i. —— loss. Charity be-
Catalogue of Books free on apjmds of the sea.
tion. iyf> ld *« e 19 tbe
$2.00
—BUYS A—
MAN'S SUIT.
i
/
e 4
ou
ler
>ni
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wing
large
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