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The Oskaloosa herald. (Oskaloosa, Mahaska County, Iowa) 1885-1919, January 13, 1887, Image 1

Image and text provided by State Historical Society of Iowa

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87058308/1887-01-13/ed-1/seq-1/

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m Frotessioual Cards.
■\ e lra<* or less, per year t 6 OO
iMh additional lme
Surgeon Dentist.
.mce tn Exchange block, on
Oskateeea, lowa, over J. w. *or**n •
, Dentist.
oak»«*» •• V ; „ M .
* store Nitrous Oxide Gas used
forpdflp atoms. ~
Jp'l i U v D
'J. PbytU mil .ui'i Siirjreoil.
Offlo#ou <>uth side of square. over Wilson s
kaniee#»t re. Residence three blocks south
gtOptii mist* -
M. Physician ami Surgeon.
JtrtM *>n wist aide of public square, over
Mia* n millinery store Night calls
path cPhys i.ui \ Surgeon
Wilt attend *ll call*, lay or right. Office la
fhr room- in Union block. Ursiilooos,
7\W>. i. turner, m. 0..
Physician and Surgeon.
Ufliae n Bridges’ Building, one door west of
FanaiOfK A Trailer’s bank, sooth side. Kesl
denc«d b >ek- south and blocks west of Her-
ntt. ». c. bahkingek.
I’hysician and Surgeon,
x to aa. Office northeast corner ot
square middle rooms up st.ors in new Masooic
buiuVpu. Residence on High street. 3 blocks
yn.pi 0 t square. Telephone connection at offlor
sad v ■ parts of the city. *>
■i . .
Hfl'.ttarrh. Throat .V Lung Physician,
Asid e ccialiatfor Chronic Diseases generally.
HE raouallj or by letter. Office
■adfftispem-ary over Mays’ Drug store. West
Hush r reel- «iffioe houis fiom# to I’-* A. H., and
feifwl • •’> c t'ousultation free. nto
j».X _ 11. Krv\.s. M. 1). K.C. Hokkma*. M. D.
-jrVR- i A. AK. C. HOFFMAN,
Physicians and Surgeons.
SO®. two d<> •rs north of Simpson M. E.
ghan m. r ol square, Oskaloosa,
lows Residence on Main street, three blocks
Hi the public square. »
Kl. S. IIOIX.K, M. I>.
Ufa Bt U'ATiuc Physician and
miEXK 11 A L 1 *ll ACT ITIOS EH.
MjpMice North Side of the Square.
oi th< Kec'uui treated by Dr. F.
|K w i bj bias in hi- Hu
",«|tensary in Chicago
Ki,tui P dapsus ant Ctosns*
use of
ligature or knife,
tix-uls paluiesA nud » cure guaran
ju in *-i I'iiqs. the l»*st of relerenoes
'..: <>n ipplicati >n. t >nsußation tree.
hours I" to i- a u . and l to J t*. m. Jiut
.1. H. MORGAN,
H Bye and Bar Physician.
I>: '
K A I 008 A. IOWA. *'
■ 1.. WARREN,
•stale *■ M and i*i*
i ugi- . office over M»; isaa < <>unty Bang 1#
A MBS a. kick.
Attorney and Counselor at Law.
B. o over M W ilson’s store. Oskaloosa,
§-'• Attorncy-at-Law,
a P iblic, Rose H U. lowa. #d
(j,| S-unr*. Public, office in Ci.ion block,
t. r vt eeks A Steward's it -w. Sotf
* Attorneys-at-I.aw,
i i V u ,r;«*- Public. Office over Smith A
. . -t. r- txw.t and »uoe si >re, O-kaiiswa. J*
[i i.FAsoN a haskkll.
U.ii. o in Pbcenlx block. Oi-kuioosa, lowa.
uniie»s protniHly attended to. _ ’**
< ; S.'.ar; Public. Office south west oorner of
Ink over Levi's Clothing -tore. -‘tl
A ttor uey s-at-La w,
h 'r.-t. lowa Office over Knapp A Spald
t. -i .r>:»are store. 3U
1 1J\ Hit N. IhiWNS,
A itorney-at-Law,
•kit! lowa, office over Mitch Wilsons.
■ i. corner of Park. Farm and <*lty property
| . ’A'tf
' J AtU»meys-at-Law,
* . -g. lowa. Wll practice in all the
1 rner the oskaloosa National
Attorney -at-Law,
> » o ~a. lowa Business attended to in both
■ 1 ii-icrai » oiirta. Office, rooms 1 and
t, • jv• • r A eek* A steward’s store.
bl.il. vt . I.AKKtSTV. UtU. 1.. MORGAU.
• i Attoi neys-at-Law,
i* * i,-r oskdwsa Natloual Bank. Oska
l« si lowa
' . P. ,-EAULE. h. A. BOOTT.
y»r AHI.c. A SOOTT,
A t lorneya-at-Law,
and Notaries Public Office iirot door west of
K' .olir’s office. National Bank building,
'»-*•* o-a, lowa.
j i oUßitr KISSICK.
1 Attomey-at-letw,
an 1 Notary Public, Os'kalooaa. lowa. Office In
I..rn. nial block, over Frankels clothing
-t - . north side square. Practice In all of the
court* ol the State. 2i__
1 iiHS K. LACEY.
*> Attorney-at-Law,
snu (OTWi>neDtelaiaiCWt. 0«oe in Boyer
i block. lowa. Prompt at
unt .on muu to collections. Probate buaineaa
receive careful attention. Itußlneas at
tended to .n the U. 8. and stale courta. _
an I rotieotloo Airenu. Attend to any 1 oral
business In me Stab: and Federal court*..i l ® •»
wmji h aide ol public square. osfcalooea. la. M
Jam►.» Cakholi.. Daria.
I j Attornpys-at-IdiW.
O*kaloo«a. lowa, will practice in »>•'**'**; |
Co'..< > tion* ma<le a special lealura. I
Frunkel A Go’s.. Bank. Branch offloc at New
"baton. I
t. A- L. CaooaaaM. j. q. cboohmam.
* J Attorneya-ht-fdiW,
<>sk*lo.»**a. lowa. Ofliue over Mabaaka County |
Bunk. »o. thweal corner public square. Col
lar,t„n« made and remitted promptly. Conyy- ]
Israel M. Gibbs, Broker.
|»a»« of all kind* negotiated. Mercantile
Mppr tNMiifbl and sold. It**#® 8. oW
Tr.vtei>’ Haul. lowm. ***
Chan. Phelps’
Money to Ixtan in turns of ftou and upwauda
at loweat current mteaof loterest. Ofßc*- north
able square, over Pr*u kel. Barb k Co’a., Bank.
O-kai <»*a, lowa. **
■are on iny book#a large number of fmnna
n.iur-ea iu town; uioo many thouaaod acre#
rod land If you have real ratal* to toll or
ito buy, give me a call. I pay taaea m any
of the * late. Conveyancing done. Omoe
lover k Jlin*e«’ block. Oakaloosa, lowa,
hundred nice building lota la Lacey'a a«ldi*
to < ►akal-Hiaa. Mi
Land Agoaoy
ruin and Town Property for
Sale, Ta\f.> Paid, and
B Conveyancing Done.
QPt .• over Oekabtoaa National Bank.
lafrri) * Morgan.
pal Estate & Loan Apt
IRt *, |«rr cent in Ureal uu oue to too yeara
time. *0
Obtained, and all PAT KMT BOM l MEM* at
tended to for MOOKHATT PKKM.
Our a#u* L opposite the 0. H. Patent Of
«aa.aad weoaaoUaua Patents In leaatime than
ihuM- oißotr from W AMHINtiTOM .
aa in patents bdur free of charge: nod** make
W* refer here to tha Postmaster. the Bant, at
Money Order Dlv . and U oßewb ot lb* U 8
Patent OMo*. For circular, adeiae. terms and
MtetwwMM to antoai eßaaia la your own State
or county. write W
'• >{T. V"!
VOL. 38, NUMBER 21.
Low Prices Rule
Our .Stock embraces the following:
Tea, Green Coffee,
H ast Coffee, Java Coffee',
Sugar, Spices,
Canned Fruits, Dried Fruits,
Crackers, Cheese.
Hire, Hams.
Crockery, Glassware,
Chin-ware, Lamp Chimneys,
Cutlery, Notions, otc.
One llollar always buys as much, and often
more, than the same amount will buy else
where, and all goods are of the best quality,
satisfaction guaranteed. Good- delivered free
and promptly in the city.
Shaw & Campbell
JOtf *
H. Snyder & Son,
Will sell as cheap as any other house in the
city. If you want a sack of the
in the city, call on us
Everything Fresh.
20 H. Snyder <fc Son.
• T ■ * sS
2 f A II
O M I ’2 I!
I 5 « if
66 1 5 I » I
J Q i f - I
- © s.z a i
r ll a -•
O I S ?i | s
J 1 a $1 'O j
I CS =s fl
Z « II «-J
O eI ** -5e
j = g h i
• "3 • £rr<
S M gi 8
B .r « 5 8^'
ui x o jis
Q S 3 .5 g Iff
(=> *i §if 3
CD cses | J s l
Z g§ hi
7. —i —» ■■■" lo * —. ®= *
ga rzZ* 'O *-«
Urn =■ => J=) » A
DS a 3 i b.l.
< {■ .3
S W M $2 g Sfll
S E * S gs £ i
sss a isj
■ - * d 51 gi
SO k-«SS.
CO of s
f = CJ
Mr-M *= O ”'3*s 5
O 5 CQ £5-5
i , h
OH @ a
CQ 5 g «J 8
* 0 a> n
< Pi o 'far) - Pi
,_j * *0 % .9 a £
W|g- £ l 3
O® « >. d
< -Ml 5 “ fj
D J H 3
<5 5 05 „ S S o
J! 2 " - •
<) s 3 I £
bd M a 3
hH O i—l
pX 8
hi* ffl i I
od g« sr I
* n r-H tj j _•
Ote o a.
H b£ C 8 M
Hi 2* s 5 1
2 tiC CO
O 5 «bg, |; t
*> £ m =* : k *
SS«! &
.Msl * *
<» -c d |
H®a 3 a
. sr a |
x a k
Oskaloosa Marble WorMs.
F. W. McCall,
Dealer 1b
Aicerieen Orsette ifoenmenU, A«.
W. E. VERNON. Prop.
Small Steam Engines, Steel Dies
Models and all General
Job Work.
OekalooM. love 30
•100,000 i. • 100,000
Moiidjr to Loan t
At Sis Par Geut Annual
n * ran 11. . is loeoe of »wo ud upward*;
<mb prirUage of pay ia* iioo aad auove is ao-
President. Cashier.
L. C. BlanchAßo, Vice-President.
The Farmers’ & Traders’
Jno. Sicbcl, L. C. Blanchard,
T. J. Blaokstone, O. B. McFall,
H. W. McNeill, Matthew Picken.
W. C. Sheppard. Peter Stumps.
J. B Whitmore.
First National Bank. Chicago.
Metropolitan National Bank, New York.
JO Valiev National Bank. St. Louis.
The Oldest Bank in Mahaska County.
Will receive deposits and transact a general
banking, exchange, and collection business, the
same as an incorporated bank.
Kxehauge on all the principal cities of the
United States and all cities of Europe bought
and sold at sums to suit the purchasers.
Passage tickets to and from all points tu
Europe for sale at the lowest rates.
Collections will receive prompt attention.
Wo do a strictly legi'imate banking business,
and give the wants of customers special at
tention. ‘• Jo
11, L. SI’BItCKK,
Oskaloosa National Bank,
Wy. H Skkvers. J. W.MoMci.lin.
.i. H. Ukkkn. D. w Loring,
James McCulloch.
First National Bank, New York.
Gilm&D. Sen & Co., New York-
First National Bank, Chicago.
Citizen’s Nat'l Bank, lies Moines.
Davenport Nat’l Bank. Davenport
J. A. L. Crook ham. H. 8. Howard.
President. V.-Pres.
John R. Barnes. Cashier.
Organized Under the State Laws.
Stockholders liable for double tho amount
of Capital Stock.
J. A L Croohkatn, W. A. Seevers, John O.
Malcolm. Miltou Orookbam, Jacob Vernon,
W. L. Rbinehart, R. Heilman, W.C.
Kngiand, John Voorhces,
John Nash. and
H 8 Howard.
Cowan & Hambleton’s
Loan & Abstract Office.
$200,000 to loan at« per cent interest on live
years time; borrower having the op
tion to pay part or all of prin
cipal after Brst year.
We alao have a complete set of Abstract Books
of all
Lands and Town Lots
in Mahaska County, lowa.
Offloe in front room of new Masonic building,
north-east oorner of Public Square,
Mahaska Co. st ick Bkkcdkrs Directory.
Under this heading will tie found the adver
tisements of the cntei pricing stock breeders of
.Mahaska county. Wefcommend those appear
ing as responsible and whose stock may De re
lied upon as represented.
' 1
Shorthorn Cattle,
I keep none but the very best. “IndivUltial
merit with o'*ml jfcdiyrce,” is mv motto. My
cattle are mostly reds with long and heavy
bodies, rhort legs and Mne in bone. I have at
present live superior bulls, from 11 toH months
old. For -aic at reasonable price-. Farm t
miles northwest of Oskaloosa, la. Address
l‘-Rf Oskaloosa. la.
Barfield tiarfl of Short-Horfls
Thos. (J. Beach, Proprietor.
Farm miles northwest of Oskaloosa on the
Pella load Only keep a few. and they are ot
the best Young Marys, Louisas, Pans », Bose
of Snaroiiß, Lady Barmptons, &c jfonnit
stock for sale at all times. A few gooayoung
thoroughbred hulls now on hands for sale at
teasonaoio prices. Also a few high grade heif
ers. Address P. O- Box US#. ii2ylt»d
Rose Hill Herd
Holstein Friesian Cattle.
■V-. 1- '■ JF *'*<*
MOORE 8c GRACE. Proprietors.
Major Keno, No. Ittl, hea Is the herd. The
cow* were imported by Mann X Son, Elgin,
111 Every one arc from full registetod sues
and dams of national reputation lor their milk
and blitter qualities We h<ve a few tlunougb
iired young huiis and graded heifers for sale.
Correspondence a d inspection of hord Is
invited. Farm lj miles northwest ol Rose Hill.
Address P. O. Irox '9. I ® lM *
J. H. Sheak,
iibai.sk i«
Will pay the highest market prUe in <’aah
For all iLlods ol Grain.
you will rikb tub
On the Central of lowa Hallway Track, Waal
Btrh Btreet. Oakaiooaa. leva. n2u
The undersigned baa the following coal min
ing machinery, which he will dispose of at a
bargain: Due double 45-horse-power hoisting
engine, in good condition, a Urst-das* engine In
every respect; one lull set of hoisting gear. In
cluding drum, sheaves, wire rope, and all con
nections, all In good condition and ready for
use; oue fan and one upright (an engine, lo
borse-power, uew; one set Fairbanks track
scales; oue two-flue boiler, IH feet by 4h Inches,
only used about a yyar; thirty-five coal bank
oars, a part of them new; oue set wire screens,
new. The above can be l>ought at a bargain If
called for a<ion. The machlaery Is all good and
ready for use. < all on or address
HTw. Gluabom,
nlMf Oakaiooaa. lowa.
I races QUAThTUKICB. S«»d tor Ctrcolv.
The Oskaloosa Herald.
g-a s Cures Rheumatism. Neuralgia.
S llAin Itarturh.., Il.»dal*l»., Touthadli-,
fOl rOlil PB^TrtVTV^vrß.
TUB I'll tRLLS A.vm.n m tO.. IIAt.II3IOKK, Wt).
Red Star
Free from Opiates, Emetic* and I‘oiaon.
Sure. OKCts.
AT Wui tldWl’H AND nKALEM.
c. E Lore a no.
Curei Ftmils Complaints. A Crest Kidney
A guaranteed cute for all nervous diseases,
such as IVottk Memory, Lo*s of Biain Power,
Hysteria, Headache, Pain in tho Back, Ner
vous Prostration, Wakefulness- Universal
Lassitude, in either sex. caused by indisci el ion
or over exertion, ami which ultimately lead lo
Premature Old age. Insanity and Consumption.
fI.OU a la>x or six boxes for #. r >. ,, 0. Sent by mail
on receipt of price Full particulars i,i paui
pbiet, sent free to every applicant.
t*> otire any ease. For every #■'>.ooorder received
we send six boxes, with a written guarantee to
refund the money if our Speei’ic does not el
fee! a cur*-. Address all communications to
the Sole Manufacturers,
Kansas City, Mo.
•4* Sold in Oskaloosa by
W. A. Wells 8c Co.
.'iSy 1 Hose Agent.
Constipation,Cihourness, Jaundice, Headache. Malaria,
Rheumatism More ln.-easeo rcMiltfrotn an I n healthy
Liver than any othercan«\ Hr Sanford’s Liver Invig
oratorn*afti'etcs the Row* Is, V irith stlm Phxal, Assist*
hivMtiitn, h *’ i' ■ ■ the System, Prevents Fevera,
e.#-|TIK IMM I/.' •: shDI>VAI.I'ABhk FAMILY Mruicrsi.
Thousand op i EstiMONials prove it? merit
r** —— 7~
Thoroughly cleanse the blood, which is the
fountain of health, by using Dr. Pierce's Gold
en Medical Discovery, and good digestion, a
fair skin, buoyant spirits, vital strength, and
soundness of constitution will be established.
Golden Medical Discovery cures all humors,
from the common pimple, blotch, or eruption,
to the worst Scrofula, or blood-poison. Es
pecially hits it proven its efhcacy in curing
Salt-rheum or Tetter, Fever-son*. Hip-Joint
Disease, Scrofulous Sons and Swellings, En
larged Glands, and Eating Ulcers.
Golden Medical Discovery cures Consump
tion (which is Scrofula of tin* Lungs), by its
wonderful blood-nurifying, invigorating, and
nutritive pntpertica. For W«*k Lungs, Spit
ting of Blood, Shortness of Urcath, Bronchitis,
Severe Coughs, Asthma, and kindred affec
tions. it is a soven-iim nunedy. It promptly
cun* the severest Coughs.
For Torpid Liver. Biliousness, or “Liver
Complaint.” Dyspepsia, and Indigestion, it is
an unequalled remedy. Sold by druggists.
IliliouM and Cathartic.
25c. a vial, by druggists.
Mahaska lodor no. i«, i. o. o. f.,
meets every Saturday evening at the Odd
Fellows' Hall, one block north of the Postofflce.
Visiting brothers cordially invited to attend.
Cbas. Wray, W. L. llowi,
Secretary. [SIJ N. G,
Civil Engineer.
Office and residence on High street, 3 blocks
east of Court House, Oskaloosa, lowa. 20
V6*" on P er *" ki>|,t 0,1 fi,e at ,he ° mcc ° f
ESTIMATES at Jovvaat Cash Rates FREE
'Slgtt'ftVEß & SOU'S WAWUM
SEND “ r nititntid CATALOGUE
vegetable Flo /er. ’’’teld QPP f\Q
Plants, Bulbs lu.plem’ts. 9CC !#□
pnr P by nail >n application,
r K t t Don’t neglect writing for It
UMUI. mil St 11-14 v. Clark It
Issued Hrpt. and March,
each year. *p 3ia pages,
3,500 illuatratlona a
whole Picture Gallery.
GIVER Wholesale Prices
illrrrt to con*um> r» on all goods for
personal or faintly use. Tells how to
order, and give* exact cost of every
thing yon use, eat, drink, wear, or
have fan with. These INVALUABLE
ItOOKJJ contain Information gleaned
from the markets of the world. We
will mall a copy KKEK to any ad
dress upon receipt of 10 eta. to defray
expense of mailing. Let us hear from
on. Respectfully,
«F 7 4c t<9 W abash Avenue, Chicago, IU.
tA 0k > / TUl** rome direct
./Trow P.l».UoTeraaient
> climate is unsuriisstsd.
Oborvh sod ImJms4 fsutlltiss
aVkAV/(i>id. Tbssoll wvarj lertil«. sod wl*
large oropa. Geu.Whsst,
\v/Kye. Oats. Miffit. Clover, ThuUby. Psas,
Beaus. Poftows, ete.. nowlteru tiirive bettor.
For sale on Oredtt and fur Cash, and lorn Rates, by
Finest Agricultural Lands of the West.
The term* ec v.Utcb thsae Mods are sold to
Actual Hettlwr are of ths must UU-r»J oaturs/
Arkansas » sapaciatlf well adapted t» Mb-
Rabao. tl.sVi.lb^kJ^
M nusrbereexcelled. IW'Ouree and
hr yowselves. Fur furtber PUtku/aMhW*
tars. Pamphlet Mtd Mail>ddrt»»>^n.
Land Oumn,MV>noor. V
Innt»ntly relinvow thr m<*<t vi* 4rnt attack, and H
iniun* omifurtablfl titapp *** WAITIBC for MS- ■
si l, IXKemK used by inhalation its action is im- H
mediate, ilirnct and rerttiin. and a cure is then
result in all curable cases A siufflu trial con- ■
rincee tlit* most ski ptical Price 60c. and All 1)0H
of any druKitist. or f>y mail Sample I''rec forH
stamp l»r. K-SCHIKrMANM.Mt. Paal, Si.. 4
(Dying words of John A. Logan.)
By Minnehaha.
Only at this command, great chieftain,
Only to Him, whom winds aud waves obey.
Hast thou surrendered life. In sweet submission.
Death stole upon thee, as a thief
Steals in the watches of the night.
But found thee ready. He was
No stranger to thy eagle eye.
Thy wouud-seamed body fully doth attest
Thou hast stood face to face on gory Held;
As foe meets foe, thou didst contend.
And thou didst triumph gloriously.
Death was vanquished, and thy foes
Made haste to leave thee.
Thus the tide ot war was
Turned back at thy bidding;
Victory perched aloft thy banner,
Aud a grateful people twined
For thee the laurel wreath.
At thy approach, the clanking chains
Of slavery broke; aud they, whom
God made free, were free iudeed.
The smoke aud strife of battle passed.
Peace—gentle dove—settled to rest in freedom’s
Thy sword was sheathed; thy armor doffed.
When next thy voice was heard.
It rang tn clarion tones through Senate halls.
At thy rebuke, shame and dishonor
Writhed in pain and tied thy presence.
Linder tliy withering scorn, corruption
Hung its head and slunk away
And hid itself. Exalted manhood, at thy call,
Stood out in bas-relief and clothed
Itself in royal garineuts. The wise, the good.
The gifted ones of earth, swayed by thy
Mighty eloquence, turned each to each aud said:
“Logan was great in war; in peace is grand and
But thou hast supped with Death!
He came to thee as friend to friend.
And brought thee sweet release.
Thy pain-racked body, and thy storm-tossed
Shrank not. These, thy greatest words,—
“If this is the end, 1 am ready!”—
Pass Into history as the words of one
Who, having lived so wisely and so well.
His work was fiuislied that he had to do.
Oh! thou great hero, soldier, patriot, man!
Too soon thy burning eloquence is hushed .
Too soon the earth has claimed thy mortal part.
No treacherous friend or bitter foe assails thee
Sealed In the sleep of death,
The blast of war or song of peace
Shall wake thee—never more!
The brilliant drama of thy life
Is played to a successful close;
And she, who was thy wife.
Whose tender presence was thy
“Balm of peace,” thy “fount of joy,”
Who made thy home for thee a resting place,
A “refuge city,” and a “tower of strength,”
When trouble came, is as a vine
When the rude wiud uproots
The sturdy oak to which it cluug,
And leaves it torn and bleeding
The archives of thy country
Pay thee loving tribute.
The mighty of the land
Make haste to do thee homage
Thy deeds are sung in every tongue and land:
The nation decks thy bier with liowers.
And bows above thy form and weeps.
Thy tomb will be the Mecca,
Whither many feet will turn
In loving pilgrimage. A wailing voice
Is heard on every hand:
“Logan, the great, is dead! Who among the
Shall be likened unto him?”
Who !• Right?
While I was in Oskaloosa last Satur
day a gentleman said to me, “You
wrote a piece on protection, published
in The Herald last week ?” I said,
“Yes.” He said “we don’t know any
thing about protection out here in the
west. It is making those fellows all
rich back east; they go off and hire
cheap hands and put them in place of
our own people. The clothes we buy
out here help to make them rich and
our poor people Men are working
for their board in the east.” I told him
it was so out here. lie said, “No, we
know nothing about it out here.’ Pro
tection is not deception; natural pro
tection is for the good of all; it does
not favor one and neglect another.
Men working for hoard is nothing new
in any State. The farther east the
worse and more of it. Where a will is
lacking energy never acts. The tariff
does not make anybody rich, neither
does it make anybody poor. It is not a
law of poverty, and was not enacted to
receive poverty. It paves the way for
all citizens to act according to their
own will, and bolts the door aga list
poverty. Kiches are gained by prud
ence and industry; poverty is caused
in many ways—by over-reaching ability,
by speculation in uncertin stock, and
by intemperate habits. Men who have
gone out on strikes and agreed among
themselves to work for certain wages
by unjust rashness. The wondei is
how they can get work for their board
at all. The men who have erected ex
pensive buildiug and set up heavy ma
chinery for the purpose of manufactur
ing the products of our country did not
intend to become poor men for the sake
of making other people rich, but by their
own efforts to enrich themselves and
henelit others. Hut their seems to be a
lagging of spindles and slacking of belts
just now. Much dissatisfaction seems
to be raging among the people. What
the true cause is, that is the flue point
to see. Some men think it is an inde
pendent, selflsh disposition among our
rich manufacturers. Others say it is
the lack of confidence in the admini
station. Who is right? The tariff holds
its head above the threatening waves
that are dashing around it. President
Cleveland stays very near his party
platform principles. The independent
manner in which he distributes the of
ficers of State is justly entitled to the
respect of all minds free from party
prejudice. He is our chief counselor
and should be heard by the people of
this nation. As party platform princi
ples have been the precedence of former
administrations, he is only following
in the foot-steps of his predecessors.
Party prejudice has something to do
with the smoothness of our administra
tion’s | olitical party. When they learn
the result of an election they should
lay down the sword and say: We are
beat in this contest, but let us lay a
ban ! on the helm and help
that our paths may be smooth and our
burdens light. Like working on our
ro tds; all people are equally interested
in having good sate roads to travel on.
when the supervisor comeson the road
to work all hands await for their or
ders, because as far as the authority of
otllce extends, he is the legal man to
speak. The same rule is equally bind
ing in the administration of our gov
ernment. All people are equally inter
ested in sustaining a good and just ad
ministration. When political parties
are beaten the lirst yell is fraud, decep
tion. liar, and all the unjust epithets
that mortal man can utter are hurled
at the victorious party, w hich creates
contempt, insolence aud injustice,
when they should by right agree on a
just rule of acting and all pull together
;is one people. Oue is opposed to the
other; one says, give us protection; the
other says, give us free trade. Who is
right? With all this strife and conten
tion what man’s administration can
give entire satisfaction to the people?
If such a man lives on earth he surely
would lie a living light of knowledge to
all nations. To ascertain who is right
we will have to go back to the bedrock
principles of our nation and see which
party the teachings of that rock agree
most favorably with,—the rock our an
cestors fought, bled aud prayed for dur
ing the days of the war of the revolu
tion. General Washington was known
to retire to a place of solitude and bow
down on his knees and pray to God to
give him strength to sustain him
knowledge to direct him through the
des{>erate struggle in which he was en
gaged. The old Generali* prayers were
surely answered, for Tie gained the
mighty victory and laid the bedrock
principles of this nation, tiie rock upon
which the nation must stand, or from
which it must fall. The last reason
given in the preamble for the establish
ment of the first constitution of the
United States reads thus: "And secure
to ourselves and our posterity.” Here
are the bedrock principles of our na
tion. They mean much to us; they
mean the education of our people, and
their support and protection by our
efforts; they mean that we are not de
pending on any other nation in this
world for our education, support or
protection; that our homes are for our
selves and posterity. We are not mak
ing homes for other nations, but for
the posterity of those that have fought,
bled and prayed, that we might possess
the land. Now, will free trade secure
to us these blessings ? If we repeal our
tariff law and thereby open wide our
gates of admittance and say to all na
tions, come in, bring in your cheap
labor and your cheap goods, put down
all our prices to a mere pittance, dis
courage our home productions, overdo
all our schools, turn our churches into
hospitals, will this secure the blessings
of liberty to ourselves and our poster
ity? No, it will not; it cannot. We
must have a law of protection by w r hich
other nations will acknowledge us a
nation. Until all other nations have
laid the same bedrock principles that
we have laid, and are trying to secure
the blessings of liberty to themselves,
and are educating their masses of chil
dren, and supporting themselves as we
have been doing for over a hundred
years, then we have protection away
from a home as well as at home; then
we are ready for
and until that time we cannot live as a
free people without a law of protection,
and the man or party that says protec
tion until that time surely stands on
the bedrock of our national principles.
Some folks complain that our tariff
law is not just. Amend it and make it
just; also take the distillation of li
quor and cut its head clear off; let it
die the death of the w icked, that the
people of the nation may he permitted
to die the death of the righteous.
Isaac C. Middleton.
Excitement in Texas.
Great excitement has been caused in
the vicinity of Paris, Tex., hv the re
markable recovery of Mr. J. E. Corley,
who was so helpless he could not turn
in tied or raise his head; everybody said
lie was dying of Consumption. A trial
bottle of Dr. King’s New’ Discovery
was sent him. Finding relief, he bought
a large bottle and a box of Dr. King’s
New Life Pills; by the time he had
taken two boxes of Pills and two bot
tles of the Discovery, he w’as well and
had gained in flesh thirty-six pounds.
Trial Bottles of this Great Discovery
for Consumption free at Green A Bent
ley’s. 2
"The Three Decades.'"
hiditor Herald:— Last spring 1 sub
scribed for tire above named volume.
The solicitor said it was a neutral book
on politics; said it did not censure
either party of injustice or anything
wrong to our nation, he*said the auth
or was a Democrat, but not partial to
wards either or any party. I wish to
give a few quotations. On page 250
and 260 we read in this vital matter,
the Republican administration pursued
throughout the war the policy of the
last Democratic administration. Presi
dent Lincoln’s administration was not
understood by the people, to be that
way; President Ruchanan left our
nation sixty million dollars in debt, and
if the writer has reference to this point
in the decade; then the war compelled
President Lincoln to beat him consider
Page 282. The Morrill Tariff, which
was adopted only as a measure for
raising a war revenue, tended to reduce
our importation of manufactures trom
France as well as England. The writer
might have added without fear of con
tradiction, that it tended to raise the
bowed head of our prosperity, and
cause it to exclaim: Hail ye sons of
liberty; now promote the general wel
fare. and secure the blessings of liberty
to ourselves and our posterity. Page
680 —It is marvel that the Constitution
has been preserved to us through the
ordeal of civil war. It would not have
made any difference if it had not been
preserved; so slavery was abolished,
and the South learned by experience
that they did not have the power to
rule all this nation; that the wise men
of this country could frame another
tetter adapted to the age and education
of our people. Page 681—They had
gone through many trials during the
war, and they desired the preservation
of personal rights. Yes, that can be
accomplished by teaching the black
pupils in the South what their rights
are; what to vote for, and then count
ing their votes the same as other
citizens votes are counted; that would
be a move in the direction of Civil
Service Reform. Page 682—A market
which under a quarter of a century of
Republican rule became so limited that
scarcely a merchant flag remained up
on the sea as evidence of our maritime
powers and adventure. The time was
in this country, when our people went
across the waters to market; but the
Morrill Tariff raised its smiling face
and said, halloo boys, don’t go across
the waters after a market, you might
be robbed and come home in debt; guess
I can And work for all of you if you
think you can raise enough to board
yourselves. After we are all fed and
clothed we will let France and England
come after what we have to sell, and
save the expense of maritime powers
and adventure. We can build
factories, extend our railroads, invent
self-binders, settle new territory, and
adopt portions of it as states, improve
on all our inventions, establish a
permanent system of education—not
for the rich only, but for the poor also;
by this means we can become an en
lightened nation by our own efforts.
The time came, that by a mistaken
idea, of one St. John party, the Re
publican rule had to take a back seat.
The reign of our government is in the
hands of Democracy. The Republican
rule now waits to see how many
factories the Democratic rule will
build; how many miles of railroad they
will extend; how much improvement
they will make on all our invention;
how much new territory they will
settle, and how many new states they
will admit; see what progress they will
make in the advancement of education.
The Republican rule waits, yes, it
waits to see the Morrill tariff meekly
bow its head in silence, while the
gigantic tariff for revenue only, will be
adopted in its stead; which is for a fact
free trade in disguise. The short road
to sixty millions of dollars more to our
public debt, and a return to our former
maritime powers and adventure.
Now if thesolicitor or agent for ‘’The
Three Decades” will establish the fact
that the 39th chapter of this volume,
with all of its laudations and denuncia
tions was written for the purpose of
making even 40 chapters in the book,
then 1 will excuse him; but if he can
not do that, then 1 will appear against
him on that great day, and I will pray
to the Archangel to cast that agent out
into outer darkness and there condemn
him for selling me a Democratic pro
duction, instead of a neutral history.
Isaac 0. Middleton.
The Verdict Unanimous.
VV. D. Suit, Druggist, Bippus, Ind.,
testities: “1 can recommend Electric
Bitters as the very best remedy. Every
bottle sold has given relief in every
case. One man took six bottles and
was cured of Rheumatism of 10 years’
standing.” Abraham Hare, druggist,
Bellville, Ohio, aflirms: "The best sell
ing medicine I have ever handled in
my 20 years’ experience is Electric Bit
ters.” Thousands of others have added
their testimony, so that the verdict is
unanimous that Electric Bitters do
cure all diseases of the Liver, Kidneys
or blood. Only a half dollar a bottle at
(ireen A Bently’s drug store. 2
Wears no Ovrrooat.
Atlanta Constitution.
Congress Tillman, of the Edgelield,
S. C., District, isone of the most origin
al men in Congress, lie belongs to the
anti-overcoat brigade, of which Han
nibal Hamlin is the general. When
the mercury is cuddliug into cup at
zero he walks to the Capitol with his
sack coat unbuttoned, and rallies his
heavily wrapped colleagues on their
effeminacy, lie has not woru an over
coat in thirty-live years, and never has
a lire in his room in the coldest weather.
He is 00 years old, but there is not a
more athletic man in Congress. Mr.
Tillman tells with nride that he has
never made the professional acquaint
ance of a doctor.
Bnoklut'i ArnioaSalve.
The Best Salve in the world for
Cuts, Bruises, Ulcers, Salt Hheum, Fe
ver Sores, Sores, Tetter, Chapped Hands
Chilblains, Corns, and all the skin
Eruptions, and positively cures Piles,
or no pay required. It is guaranteed
to rive perfect satisfaction, or money
refunded. Price 25 cents a box. For
sale by Green & Bentley.
Brooklyn Chronicle.
Mr. W. E. Shipley, formerly of this
county, but of late Superintendent of
the Navajo Indian farm in Arizona,
was in town Saturday, visiting his
brother. From him the Chronicler ob
tained the following very interesting
The Navajo Indians are a tribe of
the greatjShoshone and Apache family.
For many years they were hostile to
the whites, and were the terror of the
settlers on the frontier. They were
entirely subjected by the United States
troops and are now peaceable and a
prosperous tribe. The reservation is
100 miles square and occupies the
north-eastern part of Arizona and the
north-western part of New Mexico.
They number 20,000. The headquar
ters is at Fort Detiance, a fort which
was built in 1848 and vacated as a mili
tary post in 1803. At this station we
have twenty-three whites, seventeen of
whom are males. A school was erected
there several years ago, which cost the
government $36,000. It is built of stone
and is three stories high. The build
ings at this post are quite substantial
and are built with adobe. On the
reservation there are six trading posts
—two at the fort and four outside. All
do a good business. They handle from
100,000 to 150,000 pounds of wool, each,
per year. The principal industry of
the Indians is sheep-raising, and at
these posts any quantity of sheep and
goat pelts are handled. The Navajo
tribe is quite wealthy, and is about the
only tribe which the government does
not issue to. They own over a million
and half of ponies and the same num
ber of sheep. They buy stock, but
never, unless driven io it, sell. A Nav
ajo Indian's wealth is based upon the
numl>er of ponies he owns, lie looks
after them himself, but the duty of the
squaw is to look aftei the sheep. She
does all the shearing and wrnrks the
wool up into blankets. In this respect
they are the most industrious of any
Indians on the globe. They use no ma
chinery. All the work is done by hand,
and the “Navajo Blankets” are the best
made. A ready sale can be found for
them at all times, and they find sale for
them as fast as completed at $25, S3O
and SIOO, and some of them even go
above that price for single blanket.
They manufacture all kinds—horse,
saddle and bed. The Navajos also
work iu silver aud make some very tine
ornaments. All their silver coin is
worked into jewelry, and it becomes
the legal tender of the country. They
pay only as they are compelled to and
pass their ornaments as money.
The land in that country has to be
irrigated, and very little farming is
done. In fact the Navajo Indians are
not very much on the farm anyway.
The squaws raise a little corn and a
few pumpkins. They give their whole
attention to stock, which graze upon
the hills all seasons of the year. We
have some trouble for water to irri
gate, the stream not affording much
water—only in wet times. The itio
Grand is 180 miles from the fort and
the Ban Wan IK) miles. We have plenty
of spring water for man and beast, and
it is undoubtedly the finest stock coun
try in America. The whites are not
allowed on the reservation.
There is plenty of game, which af
fords the Indians much pleasure in
hunting. The jack-rabbit, turkey and
deer are found in abundance.
The government finds the greatest
trouble in trying to educate the young
Indian. He is a good deal like our
every-day boy and does not like to re
main in the school room looking over
dry books and figures when his father
and bigger brothers are roaming the
prairies enjoying the luxuries of life.
They did not need an education to bring
them wealth and prosperity, and he
cannot see why he should be impris
oned in a school room. Out of the very
large population of Indians on that
reservation there are but fifty pupils in
school. Eight of this numbhr are girls.
The girls have no ambition whatever
to become greater than their mothers.
As soon as they get old enough to go to
school they are old enough to trade off
for a pony. An Indian who is blessed
with a number of daughters is consid
ered lucky. lie trades his girls for
ponies and thus increases his wealth.
When an Indian is satisfied that he
can manage another squaw he goes to
the father of the girl to whom he has
takeu a fancy and makes a bid. If the
old man thinks it a good offer he ac
cepts, and thus the marriage ceremony
is completed. There is no law limiting
a man from living with as many
squaws as lie wants to. He can have
the whole lot if he thinks he can take
care of them snd has enough ponies to
purchase them. But the usual number
is about five or six for the chiefs and
the wealthy ones. They do not go much
on the purity of the home, but like
stock, live together just as it happens.
They have no jealousies. They have
no religion whatever, and live only to
be rich and happy. Not one in a thous
and can talk the English language
among the full-bloods. Many of the
half-breeds talk quite well, but the
full-blooded ones have too much re
gard for their ancestors to stoop to such
a study. Those who have been in
school and learned the language and
become civilized go back to their old
habits as soon as they leave school.
They are not quarrelsome and have
very little trouble among themselves.
They are great gamblers and will bet
all they have.
A new school will soon be opened at
Kernses Canon, 90 miles from the fort,
and it is quite probable that my daugh
ter will lie selected as the teacher. This
school is for an altogether different
tribe, the Moki, which is under the
same supervision. The Indians in this
tribe have altogether different habits.
Their language is different, and they
do not have anything to do with each
other whatever. They live in villages,
while the Navajos have go settlements
and are scattered out and live in hogans,
which are really no houses.
The Navajos all smoke cigarettes.
The old tradition pipe is used but lit
tle. They take any kind of tobacco and
work it up into cigarettes much quick
er than the average American dude.
prohibits. The government issues no
licenses whatever to sell whisky. They
do not allow a wellYegulated pharmacy
law. The doctor at the fort is not per
mitted to prescribe it for medicine.
Sick Democrats have a hard time of it
in that reservation. But this is neces
sary, and the government has taken
the proper precaution. The Navajos
are perfectly harmless when sober, and
we have no more fears than in Powe
shiek county. But when Oiled with
whisky they become ferocious and are
worse than wild beasts. Then the
whites have to look out. Such trouble
only comes when outsiders come in and
till them up with whisky for the pur
pose of running off their stock. Such
persons the law takes hold of and deals
with them heavy if they are caught.
Our own safety makes us h»ok after
this closely and see that the law is en
forced. Prohibition is better enforced
there than here.
is kept up in good condition. Major
Patterson, of Newton, is the new agent,
and is giving satisfaction. He took
hold in earnest. My duties are to look
after the farm and see that it is kept
up and see that no trouble arises in any
quarter. At present everything is har
monious and in good shape. My fam
ily will return with me and we will
spend the winter there. My daughter,
Miss Jessie, has been with me and en
joys her stay there very much. She
can talk Navajo very readily. She en
joys riding over the plains and has be
come an expert horseman. The In
dians have taken a peculiar liking to
her and show her all the courtesies pos
The climate is grand. It is not so
hot as it is here in the summer, and in
the winter the mercury never falls to
zero. s
Mr. F. lien techier, San Francisco,
Cal., contracted a severe cold, and be
came so hoarse he could not speak. He
tried a number of remedies without
benefit, and even the efforts of two
physicians failed to give the slightest
relief. He was induced to try Had Star
Cough Cure, one bottle of which entir
ly cured him.
Pickett’s Charge.
In the January number'of the Cen
tury are articles on the third day’s fight
at Gettysburg, by General 11. J. Hunt
and E. P. Alexander. From the latter’s
account'of Pickett's charge we quote
as follows:
“At exactly one o’clock by my watch
the two signal-guns were heard in quick
succession. In another minute every
gun was at work. The enemy were
not slow in coming back at us, and the
grand roar of nearly the whole artillery
of both armies burst in on the silence
almost as suddenly as the full notes of
an organ could fill a church.
“The artillery of Ewell’s corps, how
ever, took only a small part, I believe,
in this as they were too far away
around the town. Some of them might
have done good service from positions
between Hill aud Ewell, enfilading the
batteries fighting us. The opportunity
to do that was the single advantage in
our having the exterior line to compen
sate for all its disadvantages. Hut our
line was so far extended that all of it
was not well studied, and the officers
of each corps had no opportunity to ex
amine each other’s ground for chances
of cooperative work.
“The enemy’s position seemed to have
broken out with guns everywhere, and
from Round Top to Cemetery Hill was
blazing like a volcano. The air seemed
full of missiles from every direction.
The severity of the tire may be illus
trated by the casualties in my own bat
talion under Major Huger
“Before the cannonade opened I had
made u*> my mind to give Pickett the
order to advance within fifteen or twen
ty minutes after it began. But when 1
looked at the full development of the
enemy’s batteries, and knew that his
infantry was generally protected from
our fire by stone walls and swells of the
ground, I could not bring myself to
give the word. It seemed madness to
launch infantry into that fire, with
nearly three-quarters of a mile to go in
the midday July sun. 1 let the fifteen
minutes pass, and twenty, and twenty
five, hoping vainly for something to
turn up. Then 1 wrote to Pickett: ‘lf
you are coming at all you must come
at once, or I cannot give you proper
support; but the enemy’s fire has not
slackened at all; at least eighteen guns
are still firing from the cemetery itself.’
Five minutes after sending that mes
sage, the enemy’s fire suddenly began
to slacken, and the guns in the ceme
tery limbered up and vacated the posi
“We Confederates often did such
things as that to save- our ammunition
for use against infantry, but I had nev
er before seen the Federals withdraw
tlieir guns simply to save them up for
the infantry fight. S>o I said, ‘lf he does
not run fresh batteries in there in five
minutes, this is our fight.’ 1 looked
anxiously with my glass, and the five
minutes passed without a sign of life
on the deserted position, still swept by
our fire, and littered with dead men
and horses and fragments of disabled
carriages. Then I wrote Pickett ur
gently: ‘For God’s sake, come quick*
The eighteen guns are gone; come
quick* or my ammunition won’t let me
support you properly.’
“1 afterward heard from others what
took place with my first note to Pick
“Pickett took it to Longstreet; Long
street read it and said nothing. Pickett
said, ‘General,shall 1 advance?’ Long
street, knowing it had to be, but un
willing to give the word, turned his
face away. Pickett saluted and said,
‘1 am going to move forward, sir,’ gal
loped off to his division and immediate
ly put it in motion.
“Longstreet, leaving his staff, came
out alone to where I was. It was then
about 1:40 r. M. I explained the situa
tion, feeling then more hopeful, but
afraid our artillery ammunition might
not hold out for all we would want.
Longstreet said: ‘Stop Pickett immedi
ately and replenish your ammunition.’
1 explained that it would take too long,
and the enemy would recover from the
effect our fire was then having, and we
had, moreover, very little to replenish
with. Longstreet said: ‘I don’t want
to make this attack. I would stop it
now but that General Lee ordered it
aud expects it to go on. 1 don’t see how
it can succeed.’
“I listened but did not dare offer a
word. The battle was lost if we stop
ped; ammunition was far too low to
try anything else, for we had been
fighting three days. There was a
chance, and it was not my part to in
terfere. While Longstreet was still
speaking, Pickett’s division swept out
of the wood and show'ed the full length
of its gray ranks and shining bayonets,
as grand a sight as ever a man looked
on. Joining it on the left, Pettigrew
stretched farther than I could see.
General Dick Garnett, j ust out of the
sick ambulance, and buttoned up in an
old blue overcoat, riding at the head of
Ins brigade, passed us and saluted Long
street. Garnett was a warm personal
friend, and we had not met before for
months. We had served on the plains
together before the war. I rode Mith
him a short distance, and then we
wished each other luck and a good-bye
which was our last.
“Then 1 rode down the line of guns,
selecting such as had enough ammuni
to follow Pickett’s advance, and start
ing them after him as fast as possible.
I got, 1 think, fifteen or eight* en in all
in a little while, and went with them.
Meanwhile, the infantry had no sooner
debouched on the plain, than all the
enemy’s line, which had been nearly
silent, broke out again with all its bat
teries. The eighteen guns were back
in the cemetery, and a storm of shell
began bursting over and among our in
fantry. All of our guns, silent as the
infantry passed between them, reopened
when the lines had got a couple of hun
dred yards away, but the enemy’s artil
lery let us alone and fired only at the
infantry. No one could have looked at
that advance without feeling proud of
“But asour supporting guns advanced
we passed many poor, mangled victims
left in its trampled wake. A terrific
infantry fire was now opened upon
Pickett, and a considerable force of the
enemy moved out to attack the right
(lank of his line. We halted, unlim
bered, and opened fire upon it. Pick
ett’s men never halted, but opened fire
at close range, swarmed over the fences
and among the enemy’s guns, were
swallowed up in smoke—and that was
the last of them. The contlict hardly
seemed to last five minutes before they
were melted away, and only disorgan
ized! stragglers were corning back pur
sued by a moderate fire. Just then
Wilcox’s brigade passed by us, moving
to Pickett’s support. There was no
longer anything to support, and with
the keenest pity at the useless w’aste of
life 1 saw them advance. The men, as
they passed us, looked bewildered, as if
they wondered what they were expect
ed to do, or who they were there. They
were soon, however, halted and moved
The family of Hon. W. B. Hoke,
Judge of the Jefferson County, Ky.,
Court, used St. Jacobs Oil with signal
A Bright Girl.
Washington, Dec. 24. —About a
week ago the district commissioner re
ceived a letter addressed to the “Mayor,”
written by a little girl named Violet
Jones, who lives in a small town in
Missouri. The little one inquired in
uncertain aud badly spelled English
why it was that her father, A. J. Joues,
who served through the war, could not
get a pension, while so many others
could, and concluded her brief epistle
by stating that her father was sick and
too poor to emplov a lawyer. The com
missioner immediately forwarded the
letter to Commissioner of Pensions
Black, and yesterday was notihed by
the latter that Mr. Joues’ pension had
been granted with a full allowance of
back pay. On receipt of this the com
missioners immediately wrote the lit
tle girl informing her of the result of
her inquiry, and as the letter will reach
there about to-day, it is probable that
there will be rejoicing iu one household
at least on Christmas day.
Mon Money for Your Work
if you improve good opportunities
Hallett A Co., Portland, Maine, will
mail, free, full information showing
how you can make from 96 to 325 and
upwards a day and live at home wher
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some have made over 350 in a day; al!
new. No capital required; started
free. Both sexes; all ages. Success foi
every worker. Send address and set
for yourself. t*md
The Gate City says: “lowa is a young
State, but of native lowans there are
92 in Alabama, 1,527 in Arkansas, 9,100
in California, 7,520 in Colorado, 224 in
Connecticut, 20 in Delaware, 133 in
Florida, 51 in Georgia, 16,555 in Illinois,
4,51*0 in Indiana, 55,972 in Kansas, 819
in Kentucky, 104 in Louisana, 85 in
Maine, 152 in Maryland, 581 in Massa
chusetts, 2,082 in Michigan, 10,910 in
Minnesota, 103 in Mississippi, 30,504 in
Missouri. 34,489 in Nebraska, 804 in
Nevada, 122 in New Hampshire, 282
in New Jersey, 1,927 in New York, 29
in North Carolina, 4,000 in Ohio, 0,909
in Oregon, 1,814 in Pennsylvania, 02 in
Rhode Island, 12 in South Carolina, 370
in Tennessee, 2,772 in Texas, 122 in Ver
mont, 139 in Virginia, 320 in West Vir
ginia, 5,018 in Wisconsin, 320 in Arizona,
7,823 in Dakota, 176 in the District of
Columbia, 879 in Idaho, 1,188 in Mon
tana, 202 in New Mexico, 1,002 in Utah,
2,840 in Washington, 700 in Wyoming.
These figures include only those born
in lowa, who were residents of the
states and territories named in 188**.”
Talk of the Day.
Senator Evarts says that he believes
in the heredity of education.
Rill Nye complains of the notable
lacK of gags in Booth’s “Hamlet.”
It is curious but a man is called fast
er when he goes slow on food.—j Boston
The Bohemian Diet gives Germany a
great deal of distress. It is hard to
digest.—[Boston Post.
We never expect to see hanging
abolished—at least not the hanging of
stockings.—[Boston Post.
Walt Whitman needn’t feel hungry
any more. The poets are all writing
sonnets to him.—[Boston Herald.
The vocation of the bar-tender must
l»e anything but agreeable. He is mak
ing rye faces all the time.—[ Burlington
Free Press.
Tennessee has raised S7OO,tXX) worth
of peanuts this year, and the rest of the
country hah downed them.—[Burling
ton Free Press.
The prediction that strikes will be
gin early next year is encouraging only
to base ball laborers.—[Philadelphia
Weeping Water is the name of a pro
libition town in Nebraska. We think
>eer would be more likely to weep in a
irohihition town. —[Tid Bits.
“How can a man get rich at poker?”
asks a correspondent. We know of but
one absolutely sure way. Don’t poke.
—[Burlington Free Press.
A Philadelphia pajier has just been
christened “The Sock.’ If the editor
of it is not careful he will find himself
darned by the public.—[Albany Argus.
A Chicago medical student has dis
covered the most powerful anaesthetic
known to medical science. “It is
Sullivan’s right hand; it’ll put you to
sleep in no time.”
If many more municipal statesmen
are sent to Sing Sing some humanitar
ian will be getting up a society for the
prevention of cruelty to Aldermen. —
| Martha’s Vineyard Herald.
Francis Murphy, the temperance ad
vocate, was asked his opinion about
legislation against the liquor tratlic,
and said: "If legislation would save
people Moses would have been the
“Do you know what the favorite
study of the masher is?” asked De
“No, I don’t.” replied De Wiggs.
“It is meet-her-ology.”—[Pittsburg
Ninety million shad were hatched in
this country during 18815. It would be
interesting to shad lovers to know how
many bones this little number cm
muster up between them.—Albany
A writer on palmistry says “a soft
hand has a lazy owner and a hard one
means energy.” A hard hand also
means, when a father has his 8-year old
son over his knee, a series of dismal
bowls.—[Norristown Herald.
The annual accounts are coming from
Dakota of the snowballs, some the size
of apples, others as large as peck meas
ures, that cover the prairie there. These
balls are rolled by the wind and there
are thousands of them.—[Tid Bits.
How to get a Free Farm in North
The Fanner, St. Paul.
As we all know', the public land of
the United States is divided into land
districts. This land is surveyed and
plats of the separate townships are
made at the General Land Office, Wash
ington, and sent to the land olllce of the
particular district in which the land
may be. For instance, the land office
for the Devils Lake land district in
North Dakota is at the town of Devils
Lake, on the Devils Lake extension of
the St. I\, M. A M. Ry. Here is a
“Register,” who records the filings made
by the settlers, and keeps track of the
disposal of the different lands. The
“Receiver" takes charge of the moneys
paid for public lands, and is tiff* author
ity to w’hom proof of settlement and
compliance with the land laws must
be made to secure a deed from the
Government, technically called “prov
ing up.” Me also passes judgment on
contests made for non-compliance w ith
the requirements of the land laws. In
a district of purely agricultural land,
like that of Devils Lake, there are three
ways in which to secure a home: Ry
taking a “homestead,” “pre-emption” or
“tree claim,”—l6o acres is the maximum
amount that can be “filed” on in each
case. A tree claim and homestead, or
a pre-emption and tree claim, can be
taken at the same time, but a pre
emption cannot be taken before a home
stead is “proved up,” or vice verm. The
pre-emption and homestead require
residence to secure title. Eight years
is given in which to raise ten acres of
trees on a IfJO acre tree claim, when a
deed will be giveu. Thus it will be
seen that ultimately 480 acres of the
public domain can be secured under the
operation of these laws.
Having stated the theoretical rights
of our citizens under the present laws,
we will show the way to apply them in
practice. Thus, if a person, tired of
struggling for existence on the worn
and high priced lands of the East, de
termines to come West and “grow un”
with the country, the first thing to do
on arrival will be to go to the land of
fice and get plats of townships show
ing the quarter sections taken, or still
eligible for entry. These will cost $1
each. W ith these he can proceed to the
locality they designate, and by the aid
of the figures on the section stakes,
which he can easily learn to read, can
make his selection. The settlers al
ready on the ground are very anxious
to have neighbors, and will often
gratuitously assist in “locating” the in
tending home seeker. The selection
made, the land office is again visited,
where the Register will supply official
blanks, on which the immigrant will
fill out a description of the town, range,
section and quarter where the selection
may be, and make affidavit of his in
tention to settle on the same. These
are filed with the Register, and the sum
of 818 00 is paid, if the applicant de
cides to make it a “homestead,” after
which, at the expiration of five years,
the Government will give a deed, with
out further expense, other than $8
when “final proof’ is made. If a pre
emption, at “proving up,” *1.25 per acre
will be charged additional. In making
entry of a “tree claim," 814 will lie paid
when “filing” is made, and a like sum
at the date of final proof.
Rearing these facts in mind, there is
no necessity of requiring the services
of “land agents” or “locators,” and other
excuses than those named, are not
necessary. The methods and procedure,
both in findiug unentered lands, and iu
“filing” on them, is very simple, and
with a copy of the land laws, and the
plats to l>e had at. the land office, the
settler can easily make his own
U Cory rwlgaed.
Educational Department.
Superintendent of Mahaska County Schools.
Examinations last Friday and Saturday of
each month.
H urry-gr aphs.
An iron will is much more effective
in managing a school than a hickory
rod.— Gov. Larrabee. *
Prin. and Mrs. J. P. Dodds, of Sigour
ney, spent the holiday vacation in the
city, at the home of Mr. Dodds’ par
Supt. Dean, of What Cheer, was a
visitor in the city last week, and at
tended a session of the synthetic in
struction given by Mrs. Pollard.
Orville R. Shaw is managing the pri
mary department of the Peoria schools.
He has an enrollment of 20, and his re
port shows that every pupil is being
drilled on the requirements of the new
The report of the secretary of the
state reading circle board at the State
Association showed that Mahaska
county had the largest reading circle in
the state. It was a compliment to the
activity and progressive spirit of our
The Montezuma Republican has a
well written column devoted to the in
terests of the schools of the county.
Mr. J. W. Jarnigan is serving the city
as superintendent of schools, and the
entire county as one of the editors of
that paper.
Miss Louie Owen, of Green Moun
tain, Marshall county, spent the holi
days with her parents in this city. She
has been teaching in that county for
three years, most of the time in one
district, which is a good measure of her
fitness for the work.
Mr. M. S. Allen is teaching his first
term at the Lunt school house in Rich
land. llis report shows an enrollment
of 33 and an average of 28 pupils. He
possesses a spirit that will not down at
difficulties and if liis health is properly
cared for, he will make a good teacher.
J. L. Stigers is teaching
Prairie township. He has a small
school, but his work is embarrassed for
the want of some needful school appa
ratus. School appliances will enable
the teacher to bridge over circuitous
routes in the child’s school life, especi
ally if the children are not amply sup
plied with books.
Miss Eva Salisbury resigned the po
sition to which she was so recently
elected in the city schools and accepted
an opening in the schools at Mason
City. The increase of salary was the
inducement. The board have selected
Miss Esther D. Hunt to fill the vacancy,
who is well qualified and will do good
Mrs. It. S. Pollard, of Chicago, gave
five lessons in the synthetic system of
teaching reading to the city teachers
last week. She was on her return home
from Des Moines on the same mission.
She is a teacher of large experience, is
the originator of the system, and is
now giving her time to instructing
teachers in the improved method. Os
kaloosa teachers desire to be first in ap
plying any method that will shorten
the route to the royal road of learning.
Highland district No. 4, in White Oak,
is taught by Miss Louie llamaker.
Some of her pupils have filed some neat
needle and mechanical work in this
office. They are nicely labelled, giving
the name and age of the pupil. Two
of the little girls, Ella Derby and Mollie
Morgan, have written me personal let
ters. Both the work and the writing
bears the m’ark of contentment and
progress, and if these little folks con
tinue as their young lives have begun
they will grow up to be useful and con
tented citizens. 1 will keep these little
mementoes of their skill and will be glad
to meet them when I go out to visit
their school.
Prin. 11. H. Seerlev, of the lowa Nor
mal school, sends out the following cir
cular: “By the authority of the Board
of Directors of this institution, at the
opening of the next term, Jan. 3, 1887,
and each term thereafter, special class
es in the ordinary common branches
will be organized for the benetit of ex
perienced teachers who do not desire a
regular course and yet wish to attend
here a while for the purpose of improv
ing themselves in methods and knowl
edge. Admission to this class will be
granted on appointment by the county
superintendent, no one being recom
mended except he lias a tirst-class or a
second-class certiiicate, and comes to
remain an entire term. Expenses the
same as regular students/' This ar
rangement will afford au excellent op
portunity for those who wisirto attend
the school for a short time. The at
tendance the past term reached 305, the
largest in the history of the institution.
Two new teachers were provided for
next term.
The State Association.
It is a great source of inspiration to
be preseut at these grand meetings of
lowa teachers. The dowers of the pro
fession are usually present. So large
has the attendance become that an
ordinary town can no longer furnish
accommodation. The papers and ad
dresses arq, always of a high order, but
the social feature, the personal chat
and personal conversation were by far
the most interesting to me. There are
men in the ranks of the lowa teachers
whose personal greeting gives one an
enthusiasm akin to that kindled in the
veins of the private soldier when he
receives the hearty haud-shake of his
commander. On Tuesday evening the
convention listened to the President’s
address, and then followed a social in
the parlors of the Capitol City hotel
This feature was especially pleasant to
the new members, who were not ac
quainted. A general haud-shaking,
renewing of old acquaintances and in
troducing was the order, insterspersed
with music and recitations. On Wed
nesday evening Gov. Larrabee gave an
address. It was not characterized by
any special advanced thought or vigor,
but was full of common suggestions,
and just that kind of advice to school
authorities which we all need and can
put into every day practice. The Gov
ernor’s reception, given at the capitol,
was a grand affair. All the offices were
generously thrown open and lit up in
a most brilliant manner. The State
officers, headed by the Governor, were
tiled in the Governor’s rooms and ex
tended the hand of welcome to all who
p.issed. The rooms are all carpeted
and furnished in the grandest and most
elaborate style; beautiful paintings,
frescoed work, polished furniture,busts,
statuary and stately columns meet the
eye at every turn. The great halls were
literally crowded with happy visitors.
In the ampitheater there was instru
mental aud vocal music, with recita
tions, entertaining all who chose to
pause while the melody of sweet sounds
and heroic sentiments tilled the air.
Held in such a grand mansion, it was
in every sense a grand and impressive
occasion, and will long be remembered.
On Thursday came the section meet
ings. State Supt. J. W. Akers kindly
invited the county superintendents at
the conveution to meet in his elegant
office at the capitol building. The time
was so short aud so many things to be
said that the session was necessarily
hurried, but there was a free inter
change of thought and fraternal feel
ing. Telegrams were received from
Illinois and other State conventions in
session, expressing fraternal feeling.
I have attended associations that ex
celled this one in life and interest, but
this was a grand meeting, wifcu very
t iha ufata tfi mlerawl views and
j * deeper consecration to their work.

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