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To loan at ♦* per cent annual interest, with privilege of payment of part or whole loan on any interest pay day. Hare a lars?e list of farm and city property to sell or trade. Also some choice western land to sell or trade for good farm or city property. I also rrariMßt a number of the Beet Insurance Companies, t > Call and see me at office over NV. H. Hawkins* shoe ptore, on north side of square. John P. Hiatt, Heal Estate, L >au and Insurance Agt. STyl and Notary Public. Professional Garda. Firs lines or less, per year S 6 <K) Each additional line 1 OO JUSTICE OFJTHE PEACE. Dm. gun>, • Justice of the Peace. Special attention given to co'lectlons Office orer L. L. Hall’s store. No. Its West High Avenue. OsS«ioosa, lowa. <1 ATTORNEYS. _ _ LISTON McMILLEN. Attorn e v-at- La w. Real Estate and Loan Agent. Office tu Mc- Mlllen’s Block, Odtaloosa, lowa. 20 Tames a. kick. Attorney and Counselor at Law. Office over M. Wilson’s store. Oskaloosa, lowa/ ‘ A,tf _ T"v M. FBROCI, * Attorney-atrLaw, and Notary Pablio, ttose Hill. lowa. 10 ILL U. JONES, Attorne7-at*L’iw. A--* Notary Pablio. over South & Urewster’s t»oot and shoe store, Qsk.iloos.-t. 20 Bolton a mccoy. Attorneys- at-Law, Oskaloosa, lows. Office over Knapp & Spald ing’s hardware store. 80 o*o. W. LarrsnrY. Baer. Kisstck. I Laffrkty a kissick. Attorneys-at-Law. Office north sido. over Frank cl’s clothing hous t, Oskaloosa. i own. 80 YkLANOHAKD & PRESTON, Attorneys-at-Law, Oskaloosa, lowa. Will practice in all the oourts. Office over the Oskaloosa National Bank. *> ITT W. HASKELL, W. A. GREEK, ** • HASKELL A GREEK. AUorneys-.at- Law. Office in Phcenix block. Oskaloosa, lowa, Business promptly attended to. 20tf j W. H. hbkyk.k*. G. W. HBBVbha. SEEVKKS A SERVERS. LAWYERS. Oskaloosa, lowa. Practice in State and Fed ral courts. offi- - e over Oskaloosa National Bank. 4f,tm JOHN F. A WM. R. LACEY. ** Attorneys-at-Law, and government ciairn agent. Office in Boyer A Barnes' block, Oskaloosa, lowa. Prompt at entlon given to collections. Probate business will receive careful attention. Business at en ded to in the U. S. and State courts. 20 T7l D. BRIO, • Counselor-at-Li w And Pension Attorney• I have had years experieti-e in pension 'matters; all soldiers asked to consult me, no matter whether vou , have an attorney or not. Office in front room* over tv. P. Hawkins A Co.’s, north side ofsqusr-. 4ntf MEDICAL. ’ Da. C. J. LUKENS. Eye and Ear Surgeon. Offlc with Or. A. C. Wilkins. Oskaloosa, J lowa. Wiesat Noah wymouk, m. n. Physician aud Surgeon. Kos© Hill, lowa. Office In Drug Store. 45-« m. j Tbevan. • Physician and Surgeon. Office in Herald Block, No. II- up stairs. Resi dence, Second Avenue, between A. and B streets. Telephone No. iw. 2Qtf j Era E. ft. BBAUDUY, * Physician and Surgeon. Offlc * over Mrs. Corel’s Book Store, nor'h t Side of square. Residence, 825 F.ast High ‘ Avenue. Night calls promptly attended from ■ residence. Offiee telephone number —. 48tf 1 JOSEPHINE TENNEY, M. D, • Physician and Surgeon. Office on south side of square, in the Thomp son Art -min budding, up stairs. Night calls promptly attended. 20 Geo. j. turner, m. d.. Physician and Surgeon. ! Office in Bridges’ building, one door west of Farmers and Traders National Bank south side ’ square. Ke-idence 2 blocks south and 2 blocks west of Herald Block. ‘M D. A. Huffman, m. D. K.C. Hoffman M. D. i URB. D. A. A K. C. HOFFMAN J Physicians and Surgeons. , Office two door« north of Simpson M. E. 1 ohuroh, near S. E. corner of square, Oskaloosa, - lowa. Residence on Main street, three blocks east of the publio square. 20 J. L. COFFIN. A. H. COWLES. I COFFIN A 4 | O W L E S Homeopathic Physicians. and Surgeons, will attend ail calls.day or night. Office over Hmesley’s cigar sUop; Telephone 88; 1 office hours of Dr. Coffin, from 8 o’clock to 9 8 o’oio 'k a. m . and from I:3d to 4 o’clock r. M.; 8 rest deuce 409 isouth A street. Office hours ot Dr. Cowles, from 9t012a. m. and from 4t06 p. •> U. Will »le*ipin DR. J. W. MORGAN, Eye and Ear Physician. r % ■ Eyes carefully tented and measured for specta cles. Oskalooss, lowa. 20 BANKING. J. G-JOIfBM. JNO. H.WAKRK*. Pi—III wit- Cashier. H. P. Bacom. Vioe-Pre*ldsm. The Farmers’ & Traders’ NATIONAL BANK, OP OSKALOOSA. IOWA. CAPITAL 1100,000. CORRESPONDENTS: Tint National Bank, Chicago. Importers' and Trader* National Bank, N. Y. •JU Valter National Bank, Des Moine . J. A. L. Cbookbam, H.B. Howard, PiwUwt, V.-Pres. John K Barnb* Caahier. IlßlStl MOST? BUI; OP OSKALOOSA, IOWA. Organized Unier the State Laws. PAID DP CAPITAL. SIOO,OOO. Stockholder* liable for double tbe amount of Capital Stoek. DIRECTORS: L Croobkam, W. A. Seevers. E. H. be, Milton Crookbam, Jacob Vernon, J. Jarrie. K. Redman, W.O. Knkland. John Voorbeoe. / John Naeb, and H 8 Howard, Mr President. Cashier. —THE— Oslaloosa National Bart, OF OSKAI.OOSA, IOWA. DIRECTORS: Vs. B Sbetbbs, J. W. McMcllin. J. H. Orbs*. D. W. Lohino. Jno. J. Paioa. Jr. H. L. Hpbnobr. Jambs MoCcllooh. CORRESPONDENTS: Pint Nations! Bank, New York. Oilman, Son A 00., New Fork- First National Bank, Chicago. (.'itlien’s Nst'l Bank, Des Moine . M Dsrenport Nst’l Baak, Daren port. BANKING HOUSE —or- I. FRANKEL, BCOCBSaOR TO Fraukel, Bach & Co., The Oldest Bank in Mahaska County. Will receive deposits and transact a general banking, exchange, and collection business, tbe lame as an Incorporated bank Exchange on all tbs principal cities of tbe United States and all cities of Europe bought and wild at sums to suit tbs purchasers. Passage tickets to and from all points in Europe for sate at tbe lowest rates. Collectione will receive prompt attention. Ido a strictly legitimate banking business, aod give tbe wants of customer* special at tention 2® ■ ■ "■ ' IEIPIAWCE - RALPH O’HARA. pF represent*tbe f A owing welikn >wu and re'labis Fire Insurance Cos. OOMI* Underwriters’ Agency. N. Y. “The Hanower Plre, N_Y. m Contise ital. N. f. Kea P re office. Loodoi. VOL. 40, NUMBER 2. . 5 k #ORSI BLANKETS ARE THE STRONGEST. NONE GENUINE WITHOUTTHE 8/A LABEL Manufd by Wm. Aykes & Sows. Phllada., who make the famous Horne Brand Baker Blanketa MARBLE WORKS. Oskaloosa Marble Worifs. F. W. McCALL, Dealer In Monuments, Tombs. Head Stones. ScoJoh and Ame.iOHn Granite Monuments Etc. 20 OHKALOOSA. Il>V* A MISCELLANEOUS. PEERLESSJTEB SuLDBIDCIOOISTa UnilMA la PffiM Wanted to learn TUUNu mtWtelegraphy. Siluailonr furnikhnl fr«ofeharg*. ( ost of learning, low. Partirulars Free. Address VAI.KXTIXK UKOS.. Janesville. Wls. Mahaska lodge no. i«, i. o. o. f., meets every Saturday evening at the Odd I Fellows’ Hall, Exchange block. West High ave. I Visiting brothers cordially invited to attend. O. I*. Byrd N. O. P. it. Anderson, Seo’y. SsUffi Fairbanks’ Scales, WIND MILLS, HAY PRESSES. Superior Goods! Favorable Prices! FAIRBANKS, MORSE & CO., CHICAGO. VERMONT’S MACHINE WORKS. W. E. VERNON, Prop. manufacturer of Small Stßam Engines, Steel Dies Models and all General Job Work. Oekalonsa. lows ‘JO Wire Fencing WIRE Rope Selvage 800 TOS2PER ROD. * All olww and widths. Gatesto match. Sold by u» or dealer* In this line of goods. FRKI6RT PAID. Information free. THK SI.MrLI.KA WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO., Nos. U» A ISO X. Market St* Chicago, 111. MONEY, LAND &o. Israel M. Gibbs, Broker. Loans of all kinds negotiated. Mercantile paper bought and sold. Room S, over Farmers Traders’Bank, Oskaloosa, lowa. 20 j7f. ( W. R. LACEY, Land & Pension Agency. We have on our hooks a lar rc number of farms and houses in town; also many thousand acres of wild land. If vou have real estate to sell or wish to hnv, give us a cad. We pav taxes in any part of the state. Conveyancing done. Office in Boyer & Barnes’ block, Oska looxa, lowa. One hundred nice ouildiug lots in Lacey’s addition to Oskalooea. PENSIONS PROCURED. Many arc entitled to an increase of pen sion arid a gre l many bounties are unpaid and commutation and back pay due. These mat ters we give prompt and caicful attention. No charges only when successful. 9tf Cowan & Hambleton’s Loan & Abstract Office. •200.000 to loan at 6 per cent interest on five years time; borrower having the op tion to pay part or all of prin cipal alter first year. We also have a complete set of Abstract'Books of all Lands and Town Lots In Mahaska CouDty, lowa. ABSRACTB OF TITLE MADE ON SHORT NOTICE. Office In front room of new Masonic building, north east oorner of Public Square n.'P Os K AI/HIBA . IOWA QRIGINAL NOTICE. W. L. Evans, vs. May Amadon Evans. In the District Court of the .State of lowa, In and fur Mahaska County, October Term, A. D, ih*9. To May Amadon Evans. You are hereby no tified that a petition of W. L. Evans is now on file in the office of the Clerk of the District Court of the State ol lowa, In and for Mahaska oo inly, claiming of you a divorce on the grounds of adultery, and asking for the custo dy of the two minor children, Willie Evans und Vadie Evans, and that unless you appear here to and defend befoie noon of the second day of the October term, A. D. IS'9, of said court, which will commence on tho first day of Octo ber, IHB9, default will be entered against you and judgment and decree rendered thereon as prayed lor in said petition. Nci.son A Williams, stwt Attorneys for Plaintiff. OHI6INAL NOTICE. Florence M. Klmes vs. unknown claimants of lot (I) one, block (149) one-hundred and forty-nine, Hcribner’s addition to town of Kddyville. low*. B W. Myrick.etal. In Ibc District Court of the Htate of lowa, in and for Mahaska county, October term, A. D. | , To unknown claimants of lot 1, block I*9. Scribner’* addition to town of Bddyville, lowa, Metvioa Frey. Jackson Myriok, Jesse M. My rlck, Hannah Boyer, Lncinda Wyman, J. M. Rice, Freeman Ktoe, L. A. Myriok, E. V. My rtca, Ada Bell, Edward Hill, and children and minor heirs of Fannie Olney. deceased: You are hereby notified that a petition of Florence M. Klmes U now on file In the office of the clerk of toe District Court of the State of lowa. In and lor Mahaska countv, claiming to be the owner In fee simple by Inheritance from Lucinda Hcott. decease i. of the following described real estate, to-wit: Lot (1) one, blink (IB*) one hundred and forty-nine, Heub ner's addition to the town of Kddyville, lows, and asking that the title thoreof be quieted In her; aiso claiming that said Lucinda Hcott, deceased, had some brothers and sisters who are dead and who left children and heirs of their said estate*, but who are unknown and not named in said petition all of whom would l>e heirs of the said Lucinda Hcott, deoeased, II the plaintiff is not such sole and only heir, as alleged in said petition, and that each of said unknown persons claims to bs an heir of •aid Lucinda Hcott and to have an interest in the above described real estate. And that unless you appear hereto and de fend before noon of the second day of the October term. A. O. 1H«». of said court, which will commence on the Ist day ol October, Ihs», default will be entered agslnst you and Judg ment and decree rendered the icon as prayed for la said petit|ou. HtMtSIL A Ukbkr, Attorneys for Plaintiff, And now on this SMh dav of April, 18s9, it being the 2d day of April term, I*s4. the above and foregoing notice Is approved, and it is hereby ordered that the above and foregoing original notioe to uukoowu defendants be pub lished for six successive weeks io the Osks ioosa Hshall*, a newspaper published at Os kaloosa. lows. W. K. Lewis, Judge. *6ltfi piNAL SETTLEMENT NOTIOE. State of lowa. Mahaska county, as. la District Court. Notioe of Final settlement. In matter of the estate of Elijah Quill to, de ceased. To Ms y F. Quillen, Cora Quillen, and Mrs. M. Meßeyoolds,and to whom It mav concern: Notice Is hereby given that on or before the lHtb day of September. !M9. the undersigned, administrator of the said estate, will file In the office of the clerk of the district oourt of said county, hie final report as such administrator, sad petitloa asking bis discharge and ttie re lease of his bondsmen. And that tne matter will come oo for bean ns oo or before noon of the second day of the October term of said oouit, which begins on tne first day oi October, I*«9, at which time objections and exceptions, if soy, to the report may be filed sad urged; otherwise the report will be approved end the administrator discharged. 1. Fkakkri*. Administrator. 144 fIOL-run A MOOot. Attys. ■ ■ . / njf RAILROADS. G. 8.1. &P, Tib Garil ARRIVALS. No. 24, Accommodation from Knoxville and a.m. Intel mediate stations........ 9:45 No. 62, passeuger from Des Moines, Coun ell Bluffs and lntermidate stations ..... 9:OE No. 63, passenger from Keokuk, Kansas p.m. Clt v aud Intermediate 5tati0n5........... 12:4fi No. 16, passenger from Chicago and Inter- a.m. mediate stations i-• •• • • • 11 No. 23. Accommodation from Washington p.m and intermediate stations, fast freight... 3:45 No. I6,passenger from Knoxville aad inter mediate stations •• 5:10 No. 61. passenger from Keokuk Kansas a.m City and intermediate stations.. ........ 7:4C No. 61, passenger from Des Moines, Coun- p.m ell Bluffs and Intermediate stations »ac DEPARTURES. No. 24, Accommodation for Washington a.m. and Intermediate stations - 10:30 No. 62, Passenger for Keokuk, Kansas City and intermediate stations 9:15 No. 63. Passenger for Des Moines, Council p.m. Bluffs and intermediate stations ........ 12:56 No. 15, Passenger for Knoxville and Inter- a.m. mediate stations •••; ••■11:50 No. 23, Accommodation for Knoxville and p. m. Intermediate stations •••--•• • 4:15 No. 16, Passenger for Washington, Chicago and Intermediate stations 5:15 No. 61, Passenger for Des Moines, Council A.ki. Bluffs and Intennedlatestations 7:50 No. 64, Passenger for Keokuk, Kanias City a.m. aud Intermediate stations 9:30 J. M. LYFOMD, Agent. I THE SHORT LINE TO St. Paul, Minneapolis, St. Louis. and Kansas City. Elegant day Coaches and Pullman Sleepers on all Through Trains. TIME OF DEPARTURE OK TRAINS OARRYINO PASSENGERS. No. 11, north,through freight G:2B a. m. No. l, north, local passenger, also through to St. Paul and Minneap olis, arrives ... 7:55 a. m departs 8:15 a. m. No. 5. north, local freight, lor Mar shalltown, departs 12:10 p. M. N 0.3, north,passengertoMason City 4:30 p. m. No. 7, through freight to Marshall town, departs 7:35 P. M. No. 10, freight to Glvin 5:00 A. M, No. 4, south, passenger arrives 10:15 a. m.. No. 6, south, freight to Albla 1:45 P. M. No. 12. through freight to Glvin, departs 4:30 P.M. No. 2. south, through passeuger, for Kansas City, St. Louis auu Albla. arrives 7:15 P. M departs 7 :35 P. M. No. 4. east, Peoria passenger 10:15 a. m. No. to. east, freight B:oo a. m. No. 00. east, through freight 9:30 P. m. No. 91. through freight, arrives from Keithsburg 11:45 A. M. No. 3, passenger, from Peoria arrives 4:30 p. m. No. 9, freight, from Keithsburg ar.. 11:00 P. M. No. 45, Newton Brauch accommo dation, departs 9:00 A. M No. 46, Newton Branch accommo dation, arrives 7:35 p. M. No. 46, accommodation to Giviu, de parts 9:20 P. M. Nos. l, 2. 7, and 12, dally. Through sleepers and coaches between St. Paul, St. Louis and Kansas City. K A. JONES. Agent. C. 11. ACKEKT. A. F. BANKS, Geul Manager’ Geul Ft & Pass Agt. Marshalltown. the CHICAGO AN ° NORTH WESTER RAILWAY. OVER 7,000 MILES Of steel track in Illinois. lowa, Wisconsin, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska, Dakota and Wyoming, penetrates the Agricultural, Mining and Commercial Centres of the WEST AND NORTHWEST. The Unrivaled Equipment of the Lino embraces Sumptuous Dining Cars, New Wagner and Pullman Sleepers, Superb day Coaches and FAST VESTiBULED TRAINS Punning direct between Chicago, St. Paul and Minneapolis, Council Bluffs and Omaha, connecting for Portland, Denver, San Francisco and all Pacific Coast Points. ONLY LINE TO THE BLACK HILLS For Tickets. Kates, Maps, Time Tables and full Information, apply to any Ticket Agent or ad dress the Oen'l Passenger Agent, Chicago, 111. J. M. WHITMAN, H. C. TJIIEB. E. P. WILSON, Osieral Masacer. TraflsM'Aigsr Qea’l Fan. Af*„ tfiMBI pg | VfBB ■mBMFTWWH DIRECT LINE FROM !St. Louis, TO St. Jofteph. Kansas City Denver. AND THE WEST St/Paui, Minneapolis, Spirit Lake AND THE NORTH Solid Through Trains Direct FIIOM St. Louis TO Minneapolis and St. Paul AND DENVER. With No Change of Cars of any Class For any further information, folders etc., apply to nearest ticket agent, or aidress, C. M. Levey, Howard Elliott, General Supt. Gen’l Pas*. Agt KEOKUK. IOWA I RAILROAD CROSSING I I/OOK OUT FOK FAST ■ I EXCURSION TRAINSJ VIA THK St. Paul, Minneapolis, ANI> Manitoba Rjr. TO (Montana, Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota. TUESDAY, BKKT. 10. 1880: TUESDAY, KEPT. ‘M, less; TUESDAY. OCT. 8. J8»<; TURODUU TUB GREAT RESERVATION and MILK RIVER VALLEY. TO Great Falls,Helena, Butte And all important intermediate point* including lw4 “ Very Low Rates. Through ticket* on *»ie at ail prin cipal »tatlon*. For further Information aak your home or neareat coupon ticket agent or write to WJLAlexander, FXWkltney. Oen. Traffic Mgr. <leß.Pasß.AHtt.Act. tfr. Paul, Mint. » ' i The 0 s HMEBt Gough,Golds CROUP, Whooping Cough, Etc. Chamberlain’s Cough Remedy ia Intended especially for Coughs, Colds, Croup and Whooping Cough. It cures a cold by produc ing a free expeotoration, relieving the lungs, and opening the secretions. No oold can long withstand its etTeots. It is a favorite remedy for croup and has never yet failed. If used as soon as the first symptoms appear it will prevent croup. Tt robs whooping cough of all dangerous consequences by producing m free expectoration. There is no danger in giving it to children s* it contains no injuri ous substance. ONLY 50 CENTS PER BOTTLE. Sole Manufacturers and Proprietors, Des N!olne9, - - lowa For sale by all Druggists and Medioins Dealsra. 2»>yl Forsalw by Gre**n «fc Bentley. HE SENT EIGHTY MILES FOR IT. Milo Page, of San Eernardino, Cal., on Sept. 9,1888, writes as follows: In 1858 1 was taken with bilious col ic being then seventeen years old. Year ly attacks followed, and at length they became more frequent. In 1872, while residing in Oakland, 1 suffered severely from this disease, and was informed by Dr. Pinkerton that it was chronic and incurable. While prostrated by a severe attack, a friend induced me to take a large dose of Walkei’s Vinegar Bitters, Old Style, probably four wino glasses full. In less than half an hour 1 was free from pain. I followed this up with three wine-glasses a day—one half an hour before each meal—until I used up the bottle. For over seven years 1 was perfectly free from bilious colic, but in the fall of ’79 l was engaged in mining in Nev ada, and the coarse food I ate brought on a sharp attack. I was far trom any drug store, but 1 despatched a courier eighty miles for a bottle of Vinegar Bitters. When lie returned I was unable to speak, but I put the bottle to my lips, took two swallows, and in twenty min utes the paiu left me. 1 finished the bottle as before, taking three doses daily, and for nine years afterward I was perfectly free from the dreaded disease. A month ago it returned, but trying the old remedy, Vinegar Bitters, I was cured, as before. I write this because you do not espec ially recommend Vinegar Bitters for bilious colic. Only those who have suffered the agonies of this disease, can understand what a boon a sure cure is, and in Old Style Vinegar Bitters you have the best, and perhaps the only real remedy known. In reply to Mr Page we will say that Vinegar Bitters cures hundreds of dis eases; we have not the space to catal ogue them, and perhaps if we publish ed them those unacquainted by exper ience with our valuable remedy, might doubt its efficacy still, as so many worth less preparations are thrust on the mar ket, and puffed in so many extravagant ways. The fact remains, however, that those who have been accustomed to take Vinegar Bitters for any length of time, are hale and heartv, wether they are young or old. Those who doubt and fail to take it, are likely to fall into all manner of ailments, great and small. Vinegar Bitters, both Old and New Styles, keep those who take them fresh, fair, healthy, and young looking, and when we once gain a cus tomer, we keep them always, like Mr. Page, who sent eighty miles for Vine gar Bitters, and it was almost a ride for life. The New Style Vinegar Bitters is a beautiful, clear, dark reddish color and extremely pleasant to the taste. Only Temperance Bitters Known. is it The only non-Alcholic Vegetable medicine put up in liquid form ever discovered. CjSend for a beautiful book free. Ad dress, R. H. MCDONALD DRUG Co., 532 Washington Street, New York City. PERFECT CURE FOR 9 V O MALARIA V^TO AS*One package of Ptekrtee’k Dby V Bitters will make Me gallon of the best Iliilcrs known, which will Ct'RK Indigestion, Finns in the Stomach, Fever and Ague, and acts ii|>on the Kidneys and Bladder; the best Tonic known. Can be used with or without spirit*. J®“lt’s far the cheaiest remedy known. Full direc tions on each package. Sold by llrnggists or sent by moil, postage iirejwid. Price 30 cts. for single, or two packets for AO cts. U. 8. stamp* taken in eavmcnt. Address, GEO. G. STEKETEE, Grand Rapids, Mich. •Br'Alwavn mention this taper. CURED OF SICK HEADACHE, W. D. Edwards, Palmyra, 0., writes: “I have been a (treat sufferer from t'ostlvenesa and Kirk Headache, and have tried many medicines, bnt Titfs Pills lw the only one that gave ine relief. I find that one pill acta better than three of any other kind, and doe, not weaken or gripe.” Elegantly augar coated. Done small. Price, 35 cents. SOLI) EVERYWHERE. Office, 44 Murray Street, New York. CATARRH ELYS Balm fp-Ss glff FEVERHAY- I /^FEVER in Head A particle i* applied into each nostril and is agreeable. Price 60 cents at Druggists; by mail, registered, 60 cts. ELY BttOTHKKH, 66 Warren Bt.. New York. »yl THIRD You jhouid read the Chicago Daily Nm became U’» an indt n/WSIT pandent newspaper. There are two fi/l/f / *jde»to*very political question,and The Daily News gives them both with equal fairness. A party organ magnifies one tide and dwarfs the other. No sensible man want* to be trifled with in this fashion. The time has gone by when American • citizens expect to inherit their po litical opinions. They want to make their own—and to do this they want a paper to tell them the truth, re gardless of their own personal pre- I Terences. If you are an honest man,independent and self-reliant in thought, read an honest and inde pendent newspaper—read The Chicago Daily News. Remember— lts circulation Is aao.ooo a day—over a million a week—and it oasts by mail *5 a month,four monthsst.co,—enecenimdmp t A % Oskaloosa OSKALOOSA, MAHASKA COUNTY, IOWA, THURSDAY. AUGUST 29, 1889. ottr-es State Library THE HERALD Circulation Nearly Three Thousand. At Two Dollars Per Annum- ALBERT W. SWALM, Editor and Proprietor. OSKALOOSA, August 29, 1889. WITH SUPPLEMENT. REPUBLICAN STATE TICKET. For Governor:’ JOSEPH G. HUTCHISON, Of Wapello County. For Lieutenant-Governor: ALFRED N. POYNEER, Of Tama County. For Judge of Bupreme Court: JOSIAH GIVEN. Of Polk County. For Railroad Commissioner: SPENCER SMITH, Of Pottawattamie County. For Superintendent of Public Schools HENRY SABIN, Oi Clinton County. Election, Tuesday, November 5,1889, Republican Platform- The platform was as follows 1. Resolved, That the Republican party of lowa, In convention assembled, congratulates the country on the restoration of the party to power In the Federal Government. We Indorse the administration of President Harri son as eminently wise, loyal and just. We favor a liberal construction of the pension laws and such lurther legislation as will secure to the old soldier his just dues from a Govern ment he has faithfully served and which he has enriched by his sacr,flee. 8. That we demand of Congress the protec tion of American industry when it does not foster trusts or trade conspiracies, and we de maud the same protection for farm products that is given to the products of labor of other classes. 3. That we reaffirm the principles and policy of State railway regulation. We favor main taining equality among all localities and in dividuals and we oppose the granting of favors to one class of cit zens denied to others, and should experience demonstrate the necessity, we favor such changes in the law as should be made in the interests of right and justice to all. We urge upon Congress the absolute prevention of rebates and discrimina tions on railways that foster monopolies and pt*event competition. 4. That It is the duty of the State and Fed eral Governments to enact and execute laws to punish trade conspirac.es, trusts and com bines designed to limit the production of the necessaries of life, raise prices, and interfere with the natural course of trade, and which injuriously divert trade and traffic from the o.ties and towas of lowa to commercial cities outside of our borders. 5. That we reaffirm the past utterances of the Republican party of lowa upon prohibi tion, which has become the settled policy of the State upon wh eh there should be no back ward step. We stand for the complete en forcement of the law. A That we extend a hearty welcome to the four new States which have been so long knocking at the door of the Union and we con gratulate them on Republican success where by their admission into the sisterhood of States was so happily achieved. 7. That we deplore the loss of life on our railways and the danger attending so many ol our citizens engaged in railway employment, and we urge upon the Legislature to take such practical steps as will secure all possible pro tection to this class of our people. 8. That we favor the establishment of courts of arbitration for the settlement of differ ences between corporations and organized labor. 9. That we profoundly sympathize with the bona fide settlers on the Des Moines river lands and we express the hope that in the end they will be made secure In the rights to which they are entitled. 10. That we earnestly indorse the eminently wise, vigorous and courageous administration ot Governor Larrabce, and we approve his poli cy that all laws shall be fearlessly and honest ly enforced. —One of the most distressing fatal ities was tbe shooting of Hon. L. F. Wisner, of Eldora, by his son, Wednes day, by the accidental discharge of his gun while out hunting. The son is nearly crazed with grief, and the moth er’s sorrow is extreme. Mr. Wisner was one of the leading men of that section of the state and was held in high esteem by all. LET THEM GROW. Last week it was announced that the table glassware manufacturers bad gone into one of those modem things called a trust. And we were glad of it. Then came the news that the great salt trust had failed to connect, and we were sorry. The tendency of the country is all toward these schemes of organization, having for their ultimate the tleecing of the people, and we hope that the tendency will develop to such a degree that it will reach from bootblacks to each and every industry,—iron-clad, hide-bound, devilishly sellish, and all hog. Alter that state shall have been reached, then what? Well, just about then the great American public will put on its kick ing harness, and protlting by the oper ations of the corporate trust, will step in and make one grand combination trust out of the whole business, and make the people happier than they ever dreamed of being on this earth. The trust business is sowing a crop that will be reaped in due time. Let it move right along. Time will at last make all things even, and a little more so. An era of illumined unselfishness is casting its rays above tbe eastern hori zon, and man is doing much—so very much—to hasten its coming, and it will come with peace and healing on its every ray. This world is not going to the devil, nor will a few men long continue in powerful and oppressive domination over the many. “Looking Backward” twenty years hence will see some of these great changes, and there is no need of sleep- ing in a cemented casement to escape it. The world is making quickstep time, keeping step to the music of the great conscience that ever throbs. EDITORIAL LETTER Camp Sheridan, Newton, lowa, August 21, 1889 —The bugle has just sounded out the dying notes of taps, and the camp is putting on its accus tomed military quiet. But for the last hour things have been going on just as they used to in the real war days, but when the camp was peace. There was the party singing the songs of home— and the notes of “Sweet Bye and Bye,” and kindred songs made the eveuing hour one of pleasure—crowned as it was by “America Pllo w refreshing to a private soldier are the scenes of these camps of the National Guard ! How vividly they bring back the days when the service had in it so much of death and disaster! Look into that tent there. By the light of a candle fastened in the barrel end of a target a fair haired boy is writing a letter home just as the boys did in that long past! And just as the boys of the past ren dered great servic® to the nation so would these of to day, whose curly heads and bright faces make a company line look so good and manly. To me there is so much of pleasure in these camps that iny heart overflows. The bugle calls all come back so clear. Each one suggests a camp here or there, a weary march, the hurried fall in, the double quick into line, the shock and roar of battle—the death and burial of comrades, and all that entered into the warp and woof of the life of the Union soldier. lam here to do duty, but lam also b re to be blessed In refreshed memory of the camps that were once, but now live only in glorllled memory. And out on the line, answering to roll call, are comrades who served under the same regimental colors, and to-day would give the remainder of scant life for the cause of the country, did hut the call come. So in this way I am having a happy time, and its pleasure will be a continuing one. For is it not a pleasure to be associated with so much of the good blood and brawn of the 3tate in that which represents the element of power and protection behind the lawsV -and when so many of the men have approved themselves on the. held and in the rapks of citizenship. IOWA: A camp commanded by 001. Gilchrist is one that calls for an abundance of work. At 5:05 a. m. the first bugle sounds; at 5:25 comes reveille, with its music which says: “I can’t get them up, I can’t get them up. I cau’t get them up this morning ! I can’t get them up, I can’t get them up, I can’t get them up at all.” But it does all the same, and then comes roll call, with church service at 5:45, at which all the command take part, each one being furnished a print ed card for responsive service. Going to church every morning at this early hour makes a record that our boys will bring home, and part of which l shall claim with peculiar distinction. Break fast follows: guard mounting, and then all the business of the day comes in just like it used to, when in camp, that the old boys well remember—from 5 in the morning, till ten at night, when taps sound, ‘ lights out,” and all go to bed tired and sleepy. In all this work the commanding officer works with a wonderful zeal. Col. Gilchrist had about seven years sea service, and then landed and served in the 18th, 40ih, and 192 d Pennsylvania Regiments. He was also an acting quartermaster in the ser vice. Four years ago he enlisted in the National Guard as first Lieutenant in Company “C” from lowa City, and in eight months had won the promotion to Captain and the command of that which is now certainly second to no regiment in the lowa Guard, and in many soldierly ways the best of the six in lowa. The men of the Third regiment, when in camp, have every mi iuteof the time taken up, and in the most intelligent, soldierly way. There are schools of inspection for the officers, guards, and all, and every ef fort is made so as to gain all that cau be for the permanent benefit of the Guard Expeiienced men in such af fairs who have visited us give great credit for the work that is being done. THE CAMP is pitched on the Fair Ground—and I must say that it is one of the handsomest in all this section of lowa, having the advantage of natural oak groves, and all such benefits as come from good drainage, and sightly loca tion. All the companies have the ad vantage of cooling shade, and the best kind of green sward, and therefore hut very little dust. The boys of Company “F” are in good condition, and enjoy the work linely. Tbe:e are a number of the boys who are new to the life of a soldier, but they take to it with a great deal of naturalness and enthu siasm. Those fathers who were sol diers would he gratified greatly at the way the boys take to the ways that marked them in the past, and left some of them marked for life. The rations are good, well cooked, and ample: so are the appetites that the boys bring to the tables. In every way does the company “stock up” well, and is a great credit to our city. Capt. Stod dard and Lieut. Fisk are competent and painstaking in every way, and I am glad to note that the reports that come from the First Sergeant of that com pany are about the most correct that reach headquarters. That much for our “Phil.” THE REGULARS. Most fortunately two companies of the Second United States Infantry are camped with the Third lowa. They are companies “A” and “F,” and num ber about 80 men, under command of Captains Mills and Ullio, and Lieuten ants Aaron Smith and Wilkins. They are a fine body of men, and perform the evolutions of the soldier with magnifi cent precision. The captains have been in the service abouC27 years each, came up from the ranks, and have seen much hard service.— Of them later, for they have been most obliging and willing with all information. THE GRAND REVIEW was yesterday, and by order of the General commanding I joined the re viewing party, and had a close oppor tunity of seeing the Guard from the quarter deck of a war horse. They simply looked splendid in every way, and the regulars were pleasantly sur prise 1 at their appearance on the march and in line. We have every reason to feel proud over the record that the Third is making iu this camp. Gov ernor and Mrs. Larrabee were present, and dined with us, as did General and Mrs. Wright and General Alexander. Camp will break on Saturday after noon, and it will always be remembered as one of the most profitable to the three hundred men enrolled. A. W. S. LITERARY NOTES. Prof. E. B. Warman has placed on our desk his last work entitled “ How to Read Recite and Impersonate,” which is, like his other works, a practical guide in this most use ful and neglected art of good reading. Every rule Is followed by concise, clear Illustrations, and will result in a training that means easy, natural reading rather than the stilted, affected kind so often resulting from school practice in reading. The book is from the publishing house of W. H. Harrison, Jr., Chicago, and is attractive and easily handled. Prof. C. H. Henderson will explain “The Spirit of Manual Training,” In the August Popular Science Monthly. He declares that the ideal school will aim to develop men, and neith er to cram heads witb Information nor to pro duce fine articles of wood and iron. The tariff question is discussed from a novel point of approach by Mr. Huntington Smith in the “The Ethical View of Protection,” which is to appear in the September number of The Popular Science Monthly. The author lays down his points with considerable skill, and bis article, which it is (air to say is adverse to the principle of protection, commends itself to the attention, if not to the acceptance, of readers of every shade of opinion. THE CORN CROP. The great corn crop of lowa will need until the 15th of September, free from killing frost, to make it s ife. So with Indiana, Illinois, Ohio and Ne braska, and the outlook is not good that such freedom from frosts will be insured. The yield of these states, crop of 1888, was as follows, in millions of bushels: lowa. 278 Indiana 125 Illinois 278 Nebraska 144 Ohio S 3 Total 818 In the corn surplus states, Kansas, Missouri, Kentucky, Tennessee, Minne sota, Wisconsin, and Michigan, the crop last year was 1,115 million bushels, and if freedom from frost be assured it will be greater than last year. In lowa, however, in a large area, there has been a lack of rain during the last three weeks, and this will cer tainly operate to decrease the crop by n small per cent, but not to any dam aging degree whatever. The oats crop, now pouring out of the threshing machines in one great golden stream, is one of the best and one of the largest that the country has harvested. WHAT WE DO. Herald. JONATHAN AND HIS CONTINENT. BY MAX O’RELL AND JACK ALLYN. Translated by Mme. Paul Blouet. Copyrighted by Cassell & Co., New York. We Publish the Following Extracts from this Book by Special Ar rangement through the American Press Association. Paul Bloaet (Max O’Rell) is a remarkaiJ. . Frenchman, who has devoted his tal ents mostly to satirizing the Anglo-Saxon race. He has become widely known as the author of “John Bull and His Island,” “John Bull, Jr.,” Etc. This l»ook is his latest pro duction, the material for it being gathered during his recent visit to America. CHAPTER XX. “Journalism has killed literature, and re porting is killing journalism. It is the last gasp of the dying literature of an epoch; it is the man of letters replaced by the concierge.” So exclaims 51. Albert Millaud, in one of his witty articles in The Figaro. In America, reporting has simply overrun, swallowed up journalism. It is a demolition of the wall of private life, the substitution of gossip for chronicle, of chatter for criticism. For the interviewer nothing is sacred. Audacity ia Lie. stock in trade. the most pri vate details of your daily life are at his mercy, and unless you blow his brains out— which is not lawful in New York state—you havo no means of getting rid of him. Thero is no question too indiscreet for these enterprising inquisitors; they would have interviewed St. Anthony in his hut. Do net shout victory either because you have succeeded in getting rid of the inter viewer without replying to his questions. It is in such cases that the American journalist reveals himself in all his glory. To your stupefaction the newspapers next day will have an account of the conversation which you might have had with their reporters. If my advice be worth giving, the best thing you can do, when the interviewer pre sents himself and says, “I am a reporter, sir, and I have come to ask you for a few mo ments’ chat,” is to say to him: “Mad to see you, sir; pray be seated." On the lltb of November, 1887, at 9a. m., the Germanic, after a terribly rough passage of nine days, entered the magnificent harbor of New York. The sun had risen resplend ent in a cloudless blue sky. Wo had just passed Bartholdi’s statue of “Liberty En lightening the World," and it seemed as if France u ere not far off. It was a sweet sen sation, and instinctively I had raised my hat. All at once tho Germanic stopped. A little steam tug drew up alongside, and there stepped on Ixiard a few custom house officers, followed by several other persona. “Look out!” cried one of my fellow passen gers, seeing that I appearedto be unconscious of danger. “What is the matter?” I asked. “The interviewers!" “Nonsense, not here surely,” I exclaimed. No sooner were tho words out of my mouth than two young men handed me their cards, with the announcement that they were jour nalists. “We have come to present our respects to you,” they said, “and to wish you a pleasant time in our country.” While they uttered these words they scanned me from head to foot, jotting a few strokes on their note books. They were tak ing my portrait, which appeared next morn ing at the head of the articles that the press of New York thought fit to devote to me. Oh! that first afternoon in New York, spent in the company of the interviewers! I shall never forget it! The office of my lecture manager, Maj.* Pond, was situated on the ground floor of the Everett house, where 1 had put up. Thither 1 repaired after lunch to undergo the opera tion of tapping by eight interviewers at once. “Ah!” said one of them, after the usual salutations, “we are going to bore you, so let us begin at the boginning. ” This made me smile. “I know your first question,” I said; “you are going to ask me whether this is my first visit to America.” “You are right; that is generally our first question; but 1 have another to ask you be fore. You have just eaten your first meal in America; what did you have?” “Gentlenjen,” 1 replied as seriously as I possibly could, “1 have just been in for a piece of turbot, a beefsteak and potato chips, a celery salad, and a vanila ice.” “And now,” remarked another reporter, “I have an important question to put to you. I hope it will not astonish you.” “Oh!” I replied, “I am in America, and quite ready not to be astonished at any thing.” “Well, then,” said he, “I want to ask you what are your impressions of America.” “Excuse me,” I exclaimed, “1 have only been in it threo hours, and those three hours have been spent in this hotel You must really allow mo to abstain for the moment from telling you what I think of America; for you will admit, 1 hope, that one must have passed a whole day at least in America, in order to judge it with any accuracy.” Here 1 rolled a cigarette and rang for a lemon squash. The reporters immediately made an entry in their note books. “What is that you have put down?” I asked. A young fellow, with a face beaming with activity and intelligence, replied: ‘I wrote that at this point of our conversation you rolled a cigarette and rang for a lemon squash.” The questions they asked really appeared to me so commonplace, so trivial, that I was almost ashamed to think I was the hero of this little farce. With the idea of giving them something better worth writing, 1 launched into anec dotes, and told a few to these interviewers. This brought about a little scene which was quite comic. If I looked at one reporter a little oftener than the rest, while I told an anecdote, he would turn to his brethren and say; “This story is for my paper, you have no right to take it down; it was told especially tome.” “Not at all,” would cry the others, “it was told to all of us.” Next day I procured all the Now York morning papers, more from curiosity, 1 must say in justice to myself, than from vanity, for I was not at all proud of my utterances of the day before. Judge of my surprise on opening the first paper to find nearly two columns full of amusing details, picturesque descriptions, well told anecdotes, witty remarks, the whole cleverly mingled and arranged by men who, I had always supposed, were mere stenogra phers. Everything was faithfully reported and artistically set down. The smallest incidents were rendered interesting by the maimer of telling. The major, for instance, who, ac customed to this kind of interview for many years, had peacefully dropped asleep, com fortably installed, with his head on the sofa pillows and his feet on the back of a chair; my own gestures; the description of the pretty and elegantly furnished office—all was very crisp ami vivid. They had turned everything to account; even the arrival of the lemon squash was made to furnish a little paragraph that was droll and attractive. You might have imagined that the whole thing was the first chapter of a novel, com mencing with the majestic entry of a 6teamer into New York harbor Well, I Raid to myself, tho American jour nalist knows, at any rate, how to make a savory hash out of very little. CHAPTER XXL America has uot yet produced a transcend ent literary genius, but she lias the right to be proud of a national literature which in cludes poets, historians, novelists, essayists and critics of a superior order. In tho domain of romance, we find writers whose reputation is as firmly established in Europe as in America. Who has not read in his youth the novels of Penimore Cooper f Who has not thrilled over the weird tales of Poel Among the most famous names in fic tion are also Washington Irving, N. Parker Willis, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Marion Crawford, Frank Stockton, George W. Cable, Frances Hodgson Burnett, Henry James, W. D. Howells, Julian Haw thorne, Thomas Bailey Aldrich, Charles Dud ley Warner, Bret Harte, who is also a poet, Edward Eggleston, J. Brander Matthews. All these names are household words wher ever the English tongue la spoken. Thegraat- (»t success of the century has been attained by an American novel directed against slav ery and instrumental in its destruction. In the philosophical essay, Ralph Waldo Emerson and Robert Ingersoll are unap proachable in. their different styles. The first shines by his originality and a subtle power of reasoning, which puts you in mind of Car lyle, the second by the grandeur of his lan guage, his keen, clear reasoning power, and his humor and pathos. History is, perhaps, of all the branches of American Literature, that which has found its highest expression. Washington Irving with his History of Columbus. Prescott with *My manager, as the reader will oserve, «as one of the rare Americans who are not colonels. tho Hist ory «f Ferdinand and Isabella, the History of th ? Conquest of Mexico and Peru, aud the Hist* ry of Philip 11, Bancroft with a History of the United States, Hildreth, Sparks and others have produced a national history from the discovery of their country down to our own days. It seems curious that the vast and grandiose regions they inhabit should not have inspired the Americans with taste and talent for de- scriptions of natur& Fenimore Cooper is the only great scene painter produced by the immensities of the great western continent. Humorists swarm in the United States. Artcmus Ward and Mark Twain are two pseudonyms justly famous at home and abroad. There is a third on the road that leads to similar celebrity. Bill Nye has the same droll way as Mark Twain of droning out irresistible comicalities, with that solemn sang froid which is not met with outside the frontiers of Yankeeland. When he mounts the platform the audience prepares to be dis located with laughter Although the names of Charles A Dana, Whitelaw Reid, Park Godwin and many others are well known to the reading public of America, it is in the large reviews, and not in the newspapers, that really literary articles are to be found. Children—if there be any children in America —are not forgotten by literature. It is safe to affirm that there is no country where children are so well written for, by authors who have the secret of instructing them while they charm and amuse them. CHAPTER XXII. The American stage boasts some excellent actors, but it owes its prestige rather to the talent of a few brilliant individuals than to distinction of ensemble. The plays are written for certain actors, und the secondary parts are made to serve the purpose of throwing up the “star.” This is why the French plays that are trans planted to the stage of America generally fail. American theaters are notsubventionedby the state, and private enterprise can scarcely afford to give the public the luxury of a whole company of talent. The “star” is usually bis or her own manager, draws the public and realizes the profits. The reper toire consists of two or three plays, which are performed lief ore a New York audience for a month or two and then taken round to the chief cities of the States. This is why one sees fresh companies nearly every week in half the theaters. Today a drama, next week comedy, opera bouffe the week after. Sometimes the change is still more brusque. Mr. Henry Irving and Miss Helen Terry gave a series of performances at the Star theatre, New York, during the month of March last. On their departure they were succeeded by a troupe of perform ing monkeys. The theatre was just as likely to have been hired by traveling revivalists. The Americans have an unbearable trick of arriving late at the theatra For twenty minutes after the curtain rises there is a con stant bustling and rustling of newcomers, which debars you from the pleasure of fol lowing the actors’ speeches. If the play be gins at 8, they come at a quarter past; if it begins at a quarter past, they come at half past, and so on. At the time appointed for the curtain to rise, the stalls are empty. This bad habit annoys the actors and disturbs the spectators; but the evil is incurable, and managers try vainly to stop it I know one who followed the advertisements of his play by this paragraph: “Tho public arc solemnly warned that, un less the wholo of the first scene be witnessed, tho subsequent action of the play cannot be understood.” His efforts were crowned with failure. Not to understand the play is a'pity, but not to creato a sensation when one comes in, dressed in one’s most killing attire, is out of question. It is the same at concerts and lectures. Those who have booked their seats in ad vance come in a quarter of an hour or twenty minutes after the time fixed for commencing. When every one is placed, the concert or lecture begins. Tho early comers, who have to wait until the late ones have arrived, utter not a murmur. Tho patience of the Ameri can public is angelic. CHAPTER XXUL The Americans are Christians—that is to say, they attend church on Sundays. Like other Christians, they attend to business on week days. In America, religion is served up with sauces to suit all palates. Independently of the Catholic religion, there are 189 different religious sects. England has only 185. Every good preacher draws a full congre gation, no matter to which sect he belongs. Tho church in itself is not the attraction, and the minister has no other influence over the people than that which be exercises by his oratorical talents. A religious or moral lecture is as popular as a literary lecture, a concert, or a play. An American will go and listen to the minister of a sect differing from his own, rather than sit and be bored by a tiresome preacher belonging to his own denomination. He will rather go to hear Dr. McGlynn, the excommunicated Roman Catholic priest, or Dr. Felix Adler, the eloquent agnostic; re ligious as he is, he will sometimes regret that CoL Ingersoll does not appear in public on Sundays any longer; Protestant as he is, he has no scruple about going to hear a musical mass in the Catholic cathedral; in fact, you can see him everywhere except in the churches where dullness prevails and the mind waits iu vain for fresh nourishment. The churches advertise a preacher in tho newspaffers as tho theatres advertiso a “star.” In default of a good preacher other attrac tions ore put forward to draw tho publrc. How resist the two following appeals, posted at the doors of a New York and a Chicago church? 1 copied them word for word with great care: Musical Evongelsts Solos; Short sermons; The place to be happy and saved. Walk In, ladies and gentlemen, walk in. The other, more seductive still, was worded thus; No reason for not coming! Free seats; * Cheerful services; Books supplied to the congregation. Religious sects multiply every day. No doctriuo is too absurd to make proseiytea The latest religious invention in America is EsoterLsm, which promises immortality to its followers— immortality, that’s all! The doctrine of the Esoterists teaches that, if man were really pure, and followed tho precepts of tho Gospel to tho letter, ha would bocome immortal, uot in Paradise, but here below. As it is probable that no Christian ever yet succeeded in following minutely the precept* of the Gospel, *he Esoterists may l» right To live foj*over, say they, you have only to remain virtuous, even In the married state Celibacy must be embraced Celibacy pur® and simple, however, is not sufficient, for whore there is no struggle there is no victory. Devotees must therefor® marry, but in all honor remain celibates. If you succeed in mastering your passions, no malady will at tack you, and you will become immortal * . > i TIT f. TRADE WITH Brewster & Co., The Shoe Men. ESTABLISHED 1850. “But,” you will probably say, “do the Esoterists never die?” Yes, they die—once; but, according to them, this does not prove the fallacy of their 1 belief. If they die, it simply proves that they have failed to attain the necessary de gree of perfection. Now the Esoterists are safe to continue with us, for either they will arrive at perfec tion and become immortal, or they will fall away from grace and will have children to swell their ranks. The head of this sect, which is as yet only about two years old, claims that when the Esoterists attain perfec tion, not only will they be immortal, butj they will have a clear insight into the future, a gift which will enable them to amass great riches. And, indeed, the utility of such an accomplishment on the stock exchange, for instance, must be apparent at a glance. Another sect pretends to be able to cure all disease by faith. The faith of these fanat ics is not shaken by the death of their pa tients. “If they had had more faith they would havo recovered.” During my stay in America, a well known evangelist published a volume of sermons with the following preface: “God tyas been kind enough to own the words when I spoke them. I hope He will give His blessing to the book, now that the same words appear in prink” Many books are published iu Franco with the remark, “A work approved of by Mgr. the Archbishop of X.” A volume, advertised as having been owned and blessed by the Lord himself, ought to have a wide sale. A truly edifying sight is that of the noisy, dirty, blaspheming crowd, collected on a Sunday evening outside Madison Square Gar den, New York, on the eve of a “six days’ go-as-you-please walking match.” From 6or 7 in the evening, there is a betting, swearing match outside the gates. But the walking only begins at one minute past midnight. Not to take the name of God in vain, the English have invented many euphemisms; some men. imagining, 1 suppose, that the Deity takes uo cognizance of any language but English, venture so far os to say Mon Dieu or Mein Gotk At this kind of thing the Americans are as clever as the English. They have invented Great Scott! Something admirable in all the main re ligious sects of America is their national character. When I hoar it said that religion is the sworn enemy of progress, especially of re publican institutions, 1 turn to America and say to myself: “This is not true. ” There is no minister of religion, from th 9 archbishops down to the most unlettered preachers of all the small isms, who would dare to tell his congregation that liberty is not the most precious, the most sacred of their possessions, and that the republie is not the most admirable—the only possible—form of government for America. In France there is much indifference on the subject of religion; but a great deal of in credulity is affected to satisfy a political bias. I am certain that if, in France, you searched into the hearts of the people, you would find there much less atheism than in many other countries. Religious belief seems to be the appanage of the royalist party, and other people think they make a show of republi canism by throwing over the belief of the royalists. The religious man is rather looked upon as a political enemy than as a religious antagonist. This is the true explanation of much apparent agnosticism in France. It must also be remarked that plenty of royal ists only affect piety and go regularly to church as a protest against republicanism, and that many republicans may bo excused for taking thus display of religion for an act of hostility towards their pet institutions. This state of things is deplorable. Both sides are to blame for it. In England and America, where the form of government is questioned by no one, re ligion does not clash with progress and lib erty, but lives with democracy in peace and harmony, as becomes a faith whose grand precept is: “Love ye one another.” I one day asked one of the cleverest ladies of New York whether she had met CoL In gersoll. “No,” she answered, “I never met him and do not wish to make his acquaintance. ” “May 1 ask why?” I said. She replied: “Simply because 1 am told that it is impossible to know him without ad miring and loving him.” “Well?” “Well, I don't want to admire or love him.” I had tho honor of making his acquaint ance, and, liko all thoso who havo approached and known him, I soon admired him. Ho is one of tho greatest figures of his great country In a book on contemporary America one must needs speak of this cele brated advocate. He is a personality apart He has little in common with the rest of his countrymen but the title of colonel. Once more 1 say it: in this book of jottings Ido not sit in judgment I merely describe impressions. It is not necessary to indorse a man’s theories in order to enjoy his society, and this is especially true in the case of CoL Ingersoll, who is many sided in his powers, and who charms theologians and agnostics alike when the subject of religion is not to the fore. CoL Robert Ingersoll is a man of about 60, six feet high and strongly built, a colossus physically and intellectual!}’. The eyes sparkle with wit and beam with the enjoy ment of life; the mouth is humorous and smiling; tho head large and well planted on broad shoulders, tho face shaven, the brain bristling with humanitarian thoughts; a man with the heart of a lion to fight the battles of life, but the heart of a woman in presence of human suffering. He has substituted for the love of religion the religion of love and of the family. Ac cording to him religion should havo but one aim—to teach us how to bo happy in this life. He repeats with Christ: “Love one another; do not to others what you would not havo others do to you.” And he adds: “A God that is represented as weaving webs to catch the souls of men whom be has created is not adorable.” As to a future life, the colonel does not commit himself. He says: “We do not know, we cannot tell whether death is a door or a wall, a spreading of pinions to soar or the folding of wings forever.” In the eyes of most pious people, his theories are abomina ble, and he is the Antichrist; but the Ameri cans are unanimous in admitting his extra ordinary talents, and among the dear friends of the colonel and his family are many Pres byterians, some of them ministers. Antichrist if you will—that is, if you can imagine such a personage endowed with every moral and Intellectual faculty. In his presence men feel themselves small, and women put their hands over their eyes, being careful to keep the fingers well apart, A decidedly dangerous Antichrist, this. Mr. Ingersoll’s religion Is the religion of humanity. He says: “Happiness is the only good, the time to be happy is now, and the way to be happy is to make others so.” Live to do good, to love and be beloved by those around, and then lie down and sleep with the consciousness of having done your duty to men. Do not ask pardon of God for an in jury done to man. Ask pardon of the man and make reparation to him for your offense. “I rob Smith,” exclaims Mr. Ingersoll in the ironical language he is such a master of; “God forgives me. How does that help Smith f” He maintains that the Christian religion teaches less the love of an infinitely just and merciful God than the fear of a'demon thirst ing for human victims. This charge is borne out by a proverb used by the Scot, who is a student of human nature; “If the deil were deed, God wad na be served so weeL” The colonel maintains that if man has had hands given him to feel, eyes to see, ears to hear, be has also a brain to think, a heart to love and intelligence to reason with. He does not attack to much the Catholic religion, which rests on faith, far a religion which rests purely on faith is not a matter for reasoning and argument But he rather attacks a Protestantism which prides itself upon resting on reason as well as on faith. The theories of CoL Ingersoll are the na tural outcome of the Introduction of reason ing into religious matters. Things which are felt only cannot be dis eased; things which are lncomprshs—lMs are not matter for explanation. Protestantism is a mixture of faith and reason, agreeing pretty badly lngtttf. II CHAPTER XXIV C. P.SEARLE&CO, Abstract, Loans, AND INSURANCE. 11 of the Strongest Insnrance Companies in the World. SIOO,OOO, SIOO,OOO, To Loan at 6 Per Cent. must bo confessed. The Protestant takes the Bible for a book every word of which is in spired of God. Ho interprets it in his own fashion, and proves out of it every doctrine be requires to found a new seek The very drunkard is not at a loss to find an excuse for his drinking, and turning to Isaiah (Ixv, 13) comforts himself with: “Behold, my servant shall drink.” As he looks on at the Protestants squab bling over the signification of biblical pas sages, the colonel laughingly says: “It is to be regretted that your deity did not express himself more clearly.” to say that he looks upon the Bible not as an inspired book, but as a collec tion of literatures something akin to the “Arabian Nights,” and this is what makes discussion with him difficult, if not out of question. How is it possible to imagine a discussion between faith and reason? George Sand said that the fanatic loved God to the exclusion of man. The theories of CoL Ingersoll, lofty and noble as most of them are, verge upon fanaticism in the sense that they teach the love of mankind to the exclusion of Him who so loved man The colonel robs the poor and sorrowing of that which helps them to endure their ills, a belief in a better world to come. Son of a Protestant minister, Robert Inger soll early showed special aptitude for the dis cussion of theological questions. By the age 1(3, he had thoroughly studied the Old Testa ment, and would reason upon it like a doctor of divinity. The father in vain drew Robert's attention to the beauties of the Bible; the sou could see little in it but absurdities and inconsistencies. The old minister was heard to say: “It grieves me to hear my Robbie talk so, but I declare he is too much for me: I cannot answer him.” Who can answer Ingersoll? is a question often asked. Apparently not the ministers of the hundreds of different Protestant sects that flourish in America; not Mr. Gladstone, student of tho Bible and profound reasoner though he be. For more than a year, the president of the Nineteenth Century club of New York was trying to get a Protestant minister to break a lance with this redoubtable agnostic in public, but without avail. Not one felt equal to the task. That which makes this man so formidable is not so much his eloquence, his quick repar tee, his sarcasm, his pathos, his humor, it is abovo all the life he leads, the example he sets of all the domestic virtues. One must have the privilege of knowing him intimately, of penetrating into that sanctuary of conju gal happiness, his home, before one can form an idea of the respect that he must inspire even in those who abhor his doctrines. His house is the home of the purest joys; it holds four hearts that beat as one. Mr. Ingersoll lives in one of the handsome houses on Fifth avenue. His family consists of his wife and two lovely daughters, Athens and Venice, as an American whom I met at CoL IngersolTs used to call them. Indeed one reminds you of the beautiful creations of Titian. The other seems like a mythological vision, a nymph from the banks of Eryman thus. As you look at her, while she speaks to you with her eyes modestly lowered, al most seeming to apologize for being so lovely, you involuntarily think of “Le Jeune M&- lade” of Andre Chenier, that last of the Greek poets, as Edmond About called him. Authoi-s, artists, journalists, members of the thinking world of New York may be met at the colonel's charming Sunday evenings. About 11 at night, when all but the intimate friends of tho family have left, these latter draw around their host, and entice him to talk upon one of bis favorite subjects, poetry, music, or may be the “Mistakes of Moses,” while they listen with avidity. He knows his Shakespeare as thoroughly a? the Bible, only he speaks of him with far more respect and admiration. He adores Wagner, whom he sets even above Beethoven. 1 mention this to prove once more that we have all our little faults, and that CoL Ingersoll, in com mon with his fellow mortals, is not perfect. Between midnight and l in the morning, the last visitors reluctantly depart. On the way home, you think of all the witty things that have been said, the arrows of satire that have been shot at hypocrisy and humbug, the ennobling humanitarian opinions that have been advanced; and though you may not feel converted, or diverted, or perverted to Ingersolllsm, you are sure to leave that house feelir g fuller of good will toward all men, and saying to yourself: “What a de lightful evening I have passed!” I was present one evening at a meeting of the Nineteenth Century club to hear a dis cussion on “The Poetry of the Future.” CoL Ingersoll was to have taken part in it, but, being retained professionally at Washington, he was obliged to excuse himself at the eleventh hour The president immediately telegraphed to a well known minister asking him to take tho colonel’s place. “I distinctly decline to take CoL Ingersoll’s place in this world or the next,” exclaimed the recipient of the telegram as soon as he had read it The reverend gentlema- never theless took part in the evening’s dt/ ~e, and when he repeated his repartee o the audi ence was greeted with hearty laughter and applause. [To be Continued.] Fraternally Spoken, Oskaloosa Times. A. W. Swalm became sole proprietor of The Herald on the first day of this month, Charles and W illiam transferring their interests to him. The Messrs. Leighton have been con nected with The Herald from boyhood and have done much towards making it one of the most prosperous weeklies in the State. We can believe them when they say that they give up the connections of a life time with regret. Mr. Swalm announces that he will keep his paper true to its past traditions (he does not improve its politics) and alone he is abundantly able to do so. The best two country editors in the world can not run a paper as well and as sucess fully as either of them could do alone.unless in deed one them is acknowledged the head at all times. We know where The Herald stands, a lusty champion or opponent, and can only wish It success always. New Sharon Star. On Tursday, Aug. 1, Chas. and Wm. M. Leighton retired from the Oskaloosa Her ald leaving Col. A. W. Swalm as editor and proprietor of the same. For more than thirty years th©r© has been some member of the Leigh ton family prominently connected with the pub lication of The Herald. They have built it up from a small weekly to one of the best and largest now published In the State. The office also now Issues a sprightly little dally which would be a credit to a city of much larger pro portion. The plant they have Increased from $2 000 to 920.000. What the future of the Leigh ton will be we know not, but we record their retirement fr >m The Herald with deep re gret, and hope their services will be given to th press of the District and state. The Herald without a Leighton will seem odd to its arinv of readers, but they can congratulate themselves that the paper will continue In the front ranks with CoL Swalm at its head. Oskalmmi Globe. On Thursday, August 1, Tiik Her ald, of this city, chauged ownership, the name of Leighton that has stood at Its head so many vears was dropped entirely out by Messrs. Chas. and Wm. Leighton retiring and Mr. A. W. Swalm becoming sole proprietor. Few more important changes In old firms have ever oc cured in this city. The Leightons have been with The Herald for fu.l a score of years, Chas. taking the place of his eminent brother, Henry C..who died at his post an honored edit or some eleven years ago. They have many friends to wish them success wherever they may be, and these same friends want them to be here. Mr. Swalm Is well schooled in every department of the newspaper and has here a grand field for his best endeavor, for no coun try In the world is better entitled to a flrst-cUus newspaper than Mahaska county. We want him to have all the families we cannot get and all that we have in addition if possible. In other words here’s the Olnbe’g best wishes for clear sailing to this big ship, The Herald. Real Estate Transfers. The following instruments have been filed tor record in the office of the County Recorder, since our last report: Ellen /*. S. MUliktn to Peter Hagan, quit latm to lot 5. block 2. Dally & Sea .e s addiUon, Oskaloosa f 200 Christopher and Mary Corcoran to Alex ander Belford, warranty to lot 5, block 36 old plat, Oskaloosa too 00 Grace D. Isreal to Al. Cook, warranty to lot 7. block 1, White’s addition. Oska loosa 500 0 John K. and N. Lacey to John Mont gomery, warranty to lots 4, 5 and 6, block it, lots 8 and 9,block B,lot 3,block 14, Montgomery’s second addition,and lots 37, 38. 39, 42, 43-44. 45, 46. 47, 48, 49, 53 and 54, Lacey’s Edition, and sMJot 4,block 13. Oskaloosa 1 00 W, H. and Myra Snyder to Chas. Hull, warrauty t010t64, Lacey..........--- 00 August and Betsy Souneland U> Jacob Tracer, warranty to lots 5 and 8, block 9, Winder’s addition and other prop i&ißSSPfoi-iiiLmgm. M " warranty to lot 8, block 2, Street's ad- Samueland aggle* Smith Southwlck. warranty to e• 0 feet of w 120 feet, lot 13, »w>%, sw V. auction 13, twp7s. range 16......-u C.......... 475 00 James Longhridge to Win. McKinney, Suit claim to sH. no*. ne\*. sec on 11. township Tfi, range 15 20 00 John and Harriet C. Lane to Madison Tlee, warranty to n‘4, net* and ne 1 *. n nw& section 6. township 77. range n. 2800 00 Lewis and Hannah Biting to Antomie Van Zante, warranty to swfc. #wk, section ao, township 76, range.