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»Mm Mm 11. I* ft mm fti % OSNALOCit* MiHAI-0 SOMMNV IMHttfctfe. •ebeertotie*,. T#* relate IV Twar, Fayehi* m A*«a«*t. official county Mrt*. "~~ r ...... _....... octoser timk. When r(J)t»M»tl leave* are reddeilttf Aad froat Is on the vino They 101 l ua of the com leg Of fruitful Autumn U«*~f Of October. When golden pumpkin* gleaming, tie yellow through tt»« corn; Whmi tardy son, arising, Dispels the mist* of morn— Tl* October Time. When corn, It* wrapper bursting To show Ita ponderous ear, All reaily for the husking It seems to know fa near— 'Tls October time. When ruddy apples, swaying, Thump loudly as they fall, When hazo of Indian Summer Spreads magic over ail — ’TIs October time. WHteri blackbirds hold their concert In happloat twitter sweet, When nuts they pick in covert Fall lightly at our feet--- 'Tia October time. When playful squirrel is whisking In and out the wood, And Bob White, in anxious calling, la "rounding up" his brood — . 'Tia October time. V Of mil the twelve months’ cycle* Tempeatuoux or serene, October bears the banner— Proclaims herself aa “queen." Sweet October. —Helen Bailey. —lron and steel, that barometer of prosperity, are at the highest mark known in demand and production. —"lt 1* as hard to leave lowa In Oct©bur ax U was to leave paradise when tbe apples were ripe,” declare# the Council Bluffs Nonpareil. —Talk about wills, the only incon testable one, payable without contest or expense, and right away, to a good straight life Insurance policy. —A German wsaberwoman has mar ried a count. Hern women become washerwomen after marriage with a "no-account,” Simply a difference in custom, suggests the Tlmes-Republi can. —The Marion Itegtoter thinks all tbe tariff ripper* In lowa would not be willing to put up a oornl, even for sl, that a refaction In any schedulo in the Diagley tariff would cheapen the protected product or article. —W. O. Payne, of the Nevada Rep resentative, to authority for tbe state ment that thu present state law against discrimination in the matter of freight and paseenger rate* is am ple to prevent Issuing of passes. He sfys/ tbe law provides both a civil and criminal penalty. —Jefferson Bee: The State Agricul- tural Society hen 833,000 In net profits on han't an a resalt of the IMS show. It would be a good/Idea to crest* s ' sinking fond of say half of this amount to tote available some year when the weather man give* It to us In the neck. But they won't do It. They Will blow in every dollar of this mon ey and trust to the legislature to make up tlite deficits, as has oeen done In the past. - -The Marlon Register concept s that Senator Dolliver's recent Dev Moines address was disappointing to some people. "He neither advoca’ed a WMson Oorman tariff or competing reciprocity and din not say be was going to shoulder a pick and go out and tear up the railroad tracks." lint the Register predicts thst the senator will continue to have bis mall sent to Ft. Dodgfa during vacations and to Washington, Senate postofflee, for at least ten years to come. —Burlington Hawk-Kye: The Co lumbus Junction Chautauqua proved a groat. success, financially and other wise. While thin yea r'd program coat over $2,544, the association cleared about f 1.540 and wan able to pay off tui Ita indebtedness and atill bin sev eral hundred dollars In the treasury. The secret of the success of the Chau tauqua is to he sought principally in tha interest and tne attendance. No doubt, the Chautauqua will remain a glittering success In lowa, so long as the directors see to ft that none but first-class attractions are placed on the program. The association which triea to palm off inferior tnlent on the public, will wind up udtb a deficit, no matter how favorable the weather may be. The people have been quick to learn, and they will be satlefled with nothing less than the very beat. —Mitchellvilla Index: Hon. John V. Lacey delivered a speech at the Bloomfield Republican convention WW.fI.IWU %V* if* w Wwi the iMtteqj .«t I* ***** to jump the lime would hoi be hm« rtwferreß •He* lew* prof****! Wapublicas iud» ilriswa, like l«*aa Republic** farm era, would rtww such atai'tartiam aa w*wi«d amolher the tariff ripping, md prnetty In competitive products quail fits In sleep. Reed Major Urey’s arand speech and bo proud Hist you have a Republic*!! leader In the Wtslh low* OMqreeitmsal district, who la neither ashamed nor afraid lo stand for * Hepuidloaolsm pure end undented." MOW 00 THtV DO IT < tkmneil Bluffs Nonpareil! High' It nance, railroad rate* *nd tariff ached ule* are not the only pebble# on the beach of reform. Bo insignificant an atom, In comparison, as the comer loafer ha* alao attracted attention. In several of the eastern culm a well-de fined crusade against the atreet Idler Is under wsy. This particular reform ware seems to have Ha greatest vol ume at Cteveland. in that city they are actually uprooting these comer fixture# and carting them off to JalL What the sentiment of the community jls, and how the crusaae progresses, may be gleaned from this paragraph from the Cleveland Leaaer: Every wopian and every decent man in the city rejoices that the police seem determined to sup press the corner loafer. Sunday evening twenty-eight specimens of this rowdy type were arrested and the police say they will get more of them. The corner loafer is the cheapest, most cowardly and most despicable or the minor lawbreakers. The Waahlngton Star says "the loafer pest Infests every city" and that ht I* known there, "In some way#,* adds the Star, "he is difficult to deal with, There are two varieties of the loafer. One is an idle, shiftless and often drunken parasltt of no particu lar barm to anybody, but assuredly of no us© In the community. The other variety Is vicious, immoral, and if not criminal, at lease of criminal tenden cles. Groups of those who congregate on the atreets stand on the thin line dividing lawful from lawless assem bly. They ogle womep and make aud ible comments that M not insulting in word, are invariably Insulting In the spirit In which made." The description Is ample and universal. Kverywhere, the loafer is the same, and like the poor, or even of the poor, he is always with us. Aslde from their objectionable quali ty, tnese people are a study. To the man who works from early morning to late at night and then often finds it difficult to decently feed and clothe himself and family, it is a never solved puzzle bow these devotees of leisure get on. IOWA IDEA “RECONSTRUCTION I STS." Centerville Citizen: There is a crowd of politicians In lowa revolving around a common center located at the capital city, which claims to be a republican organization, but which seems to have In view tho defeat of thy present republican congressmen from this state as their chief aim n the coming campaign. They are a sort of iowa-reconsirucUonlat-Derno eratlc-anythlng-to-wln crowd of poli ticians, and the tactics they have adopted are of such muddy complex ion as to n*)d a little clarifying. They are sending out emissaries an over the state ..no sever*, dis tricts, watching to catch republicans at thte capital city am. using every means possln.e to stir ,up' troubble. They are striving In each district i have r„s many candidates brought out for congress as possible, hoping to thus mix op matters at such a stage thst thte present congresmcit may be defeated and they possibly squeeze In with one of their candidates. In the Eighth district they are using every means possible to stir up trouble, sentiment against (.olonel Hepburn. They are striving in each district to date against him In every count/ in the district. So far they have suc ceeded in getting one man to actually announce himself, but have failed on many others. They have brought out several others, but failed to get them to consent to be candidates. Their tactics have become so plain that th* republicans of the district are fully aware of their scheme* and will not stand for them. '% hey are giving them a Mack eye in every county in white they bob up. Little has been done ate yet in Appanoose county, but they are working this way and soon an an nouncement may be aeen In the organ of the new Idea, the Register aqd Leader.,that suet-and-suoh an one from Appanoose county will be a can didate for congress against Pete Hep burn. We have been watching for It for several weeks and are actually surprised that it toss not come weeks ago. But Appanoose county republi cans are known to be no fools and that has perhaps kept the "reeonstruc tlonlsts" out of this way longer here than In some portions of tse district. They will come, however, sooner or Inter. But wntch and see the recep tion they get. Wonder who they will put up for the slaughter tn Appa noose? Wait and see who they can conjure Into consenting to have their name mentioned; and then watch and aee how long it will be before the victim disclaims all credit for the A* an entemetwi# rushed hyj It icß an ed'W I*l fttiMtgmM. AM • teat wee in ey« "Ob, why d« you Wbrpf" asked few Vfiittjim itfwiuF» *Wbf da r<*« m* Ml quake? "Recant* that t*ro*»l," bald the other thank, “I* like mother need to make ” —Fuels ""■ '-The Herald t« the only paper in tow* when# county correspond eats hate a regular organisation and hold regular annual tnteilngs and eorlal gatherings. -Jasper county wtll have a special elect ton to vote on the question <r building a new court house, and It >a said there really art tome people In that county opposed to It - The Keokuk Gate City notices that the work of retlrtag Congress man Hull to private life la going on In the Seventh district with grant en thusiasm, but no appreciable pro gress. < —Davis county Is the envy of all the <■> untie* In the Sixth district < » (nil. The voter* down there will have all the fun. They have au etection, white the rest of us must sit by and look on, waiting for next fail to bring an opportunity to cast a ballot. —The Ottumwa school board has taken preliminary steps towards the enforcement of the compulsory educa tional law, which requires that all Children between tbe ages of 7 and 14 years attend some school at least lb weeks of the year. It la estimated that there are over a hundred children in Ottumwa of schbol age that are not attendants at any school. DEMOCRATIC VIEW OF LACE/. Washington, lowa, Democrat: We always have admired Congressman Lacey. There la one republican con gressman whom we consider an able honest man. He is a good lawyer and a hard worker. We are sorry he is such a foot standpatter, but he has the same right to think as be does ae we have to think that a tariff for revenue to the proper caper. We wish I,aeey were as atnart as the editor of the Democrat Is and would belmve about the tariff as the editor of the Democrat does. —The department of the In terior, which has charge of the for est reserves, will build a wagon road next year from Yellowstone park to Red Lodge, Montana, a distance of 50 miles. Tbe road will pass through the Absorakee forest reserve end will add a thousand square mites of th 9 wildest scenery in America to the park district. The Reserve Is a track less wilderness of surpassing gran deur, abounds in wild game and mountain trout. Among tbe natural freak* and sight* are the Frozen Lake .Soda Butte, a giant waterfall, the Petrified Koteat, Ametnyst Moun tain and Hell Roaring Canon. Tbe reserve lies in Wyoming and Mon tana. —Governor InFollette of Wiscon sin, who has been throwing stones with a free hand at the lowa delega tion In congress in , his lectures ovor the state, was neatly called down at Eldora the other night when a friend of Congressman Birdsall rone In his seat and suggeated that such wholesale denunciation of public men did not comport with the dignity of a governor of a great state, and ask ed him to at least make an excep tion of Mr Birdsall, in whose dis trict he was then speaking. La Fol lette stated that he did not know he was in Blrdsall’s district and hastily “took it back” as to Birdsall. Mr. LaFollette’s “lecture tour” seems to be for tbe of abuse of the lowa delegation. DEMOCRAT CIRCLE BROKEN. It Is rumored tbat one of the cha ! r* that has been held down so faithfully during several years past by one of the prominent members of the demo cratic circle that headquar ters at the Neagle grocery, klrst ave nue east, is to be vacated in the hear future on account of the stress of cir cumstances. If recollection serves us right,the'* are but three seats to accommodate this august assemblage. If the ru mor of the breaking of the circle Is to be credited, there snould be a set of resolutions adopted at the next meet ing declaring the other seats vacant. Messrs. Neagle and Cricket are heresy advised to‘"go thou and do likewise," CITY INDEBTEDNKgft. The following figures are taken from the report compiled by the cen sus department aa to city debts, showing the bonded indebtedness of the cities of the state which owe more than |100,004: Burlington $ 173,000 Cedar Rapids 331,000 Clinton f 142,000 Council Bluffs 321.000 Davenport 276/100 Des Moines 718,000 Dubuque 1,211,836 Fort Dodge.., 106,000 Fort Madison 120,000 Keokuk 234,800 Muscatine 203/100 Ottumwa 131,000 Sioux City 821/100 Waterloo , 106,000 best MfrarttoWi t* t»Jgy „ ft* tor *r MtlWf Ortth*** * * K#t '** »*»' • Over 4 IHi.wui immigrants arrive! In the pert of Mew Torn during tasi ***** *-WUo to standing spnnsor t**r tke leUhdletl* mtsreptowentattmis of the low* deiegatlcwf - The fight between Ramsey sn.l ttould for control of ttto Wabash rail way may outr-laal the Insurance war. —The "max" and “min" tariff pro posed by th* Chicago reciprocity con vent ton has been aptly characterised "the economic jumping Jack." e gM^kMMMHnMuaMgMMMMNnmgBImMhMmB*w The Keokuk Gate-City Is of th* opinion that nothing short of tuo Thanksgletmfs thhs year will meet the requirement* of thu case —"Wouldn’t. It be rather nice to have an election this fall, just to get up a little action?" asks the Ottumwa Courier. Honestly, now, wouldn’t It?" —A Missouri paper tears that tbe pumpkin crop will be short in tne “black lauds" districts of that state. The vines grow so fast that tne pump kins are ruined by being dragged along the ground. —The Odd Fellows are meeting with good success in the circulation of their petition to the Grand I>odge for the Old Folk© Home in Uskaloo sa, but they need more names to the paper. Are you a booster? —The Kldora Herald says that Gov. Cummins would not have one-fourth aa many non-republican utterances laid to his charge were it not for hia fool newspaper worshippers, who are continually carrying a chip around on their shoulders. —President Roosevelt don’t mince words. He xnld to tne peace commis sioners: “Settle." He to saying to the gra f ters: "Quit.” And to the Panama canal board: “Dig.” And the beat of It is he means what he nays, "and don’t you forget it.” —The Wail Blade concedes that Secretary Shaw Is an able man, but thinks he has had oil the honor hn to entitled to and should now be willing to step aside snd give sojno other worthy man a chance. Secre tary Shaw has resigned, but simply to go up higher. Perhaps tfio Blade has not "ltept Us eye on Shav/.” —The Register and Leader, the Mar shalltown Tlmea-Republlcan, the Sioux City Tribune and a dozen or so democratic sheets In lowa have failed for a week or more to editorially or by Interview bring out a "progressive" candidate In the Eighth district ihai was sure to defeat Col. Hepburn. Has the fact that Col. "Pete" s on his way homo had anything to ao with their keeping still? —The rural telephone to accepted by tbe Des Moines Register snd Lead er as a great convenience. "When the country is in danger tbe farmers can be notified Instantly," remarks the R. and L. The R. and L. will find It* "max” and "min" tariff and Its "pro gressive" reciprocity, etc., put to sleep by the same contingent when the time comes. 'They are sate this fall in misrepresentations bocaun# there 1* ho election. —The Cedar Ksplds Gazette of last Saturday was a 3£page carnival num ber, and was an edition that the office and the city should Indeed be proud of. It is such advertising of Cedar Rapids that has made the town what It Is,—one of the most enterprising in the west. Cedar Hapldn business houses and men am not af.’ald to let the world know what they hare to tell and they are always willing to "Jive and let live,” and they have been the galnera thereby. - Mum rote county has the largest per cent of negroes of any county in the tetate of lowa, according to In formation from the census bureau. The negroes of that county are 13.3 per cent of the entire population. The next In proportion Is l Ate county, with 4.2 per cent of Its population colored people. Polk has 2.7 ’ per cent, Wapello 2.3 per cent, Mahaska 2.1 per cent, Appanoose 1.7 percent, Henry 1.4, Dsn Moines 1.3, Jasper and Scott each 1 per cent. All the rest have less than 1 per cent of colored people except Tama, .which has 1.6. but this Includes the\ndlan# of the Tama reservation. There are thirty nine counties of the state that report no colored population. —The Sioux City Journal Illus trates the New England Idea of pro tection with free trade in their man ufactures by telling the story of two Irishmen with opposing views on so cialism. "So you are a socialist, are you, Mike?" • I am that," said Mike. "Do you mean to teli me that Jf you had two farms you would give me one of them?" "I would do that," said Mike. "And if you had two bouses you would give me one of them?” "Sure, I would do that." "Now, Mike, if you had two goats would you give me one of them?" "No sir; I'd not do that." ***" JZ2JJT m MAJOft lACItV RS2? U,J \ * lf ' ** l****pmi The Oedkr Fall# RwmN .dmerve* that CowfttvMHmtan Lacey lbs charged with (he mime of deltverieg an old time Republican speeeh behuw a He publican parly, convent lon. The Centerville toweglan eays that there le ho more outaimkeu cham pion of eekentlal Republican doctrine* than Major tmoey, We have lon* regarded Major Ij» cey aa one of the worthiest public ser vant* whotu lowa has contnneted to current pollUfie," says the Nevada Hopreirentatlve, "and ths opinion Is strengthened by hla latest speech." OIK A LOOS A. . Gskalooea, fifteenth towa in low* In la tenth In tbe amount of pavement upon the streets of the city. Residents of the “City of Trees" nave pointed with pride to the amount of pavement In Oak&loo- Hft, every foot of It thu best quality of brick pavement, and although the cost has been considerable*, the very fact of the pavement naa been one of Oskatoosa's strongest claims to rank as the most progressive little city In lowa. The following table, complied from tbe census bureau report, shown the number of miles of brick and as phalt pavement on tiie streets of tn*> cities mentioned. Brick. Asphalt Adel 25 Albla 2.00 Burlington 15.37 Cedar Falls 1.70 ...... Cedar Rapids 16.00 3.00 Charlton 75 Chatsworth .04 Cherokee 80 Clinton 10.00 Council Bluffs 14.66 C res ton ..' 2.00 Davenport 30.60 .80 Des Moines 62.33 9.V) Dubuque 5.1 ...... Ellsworth 04 ...... Fairfield 1.50 Fort Dodge 4.60 7.00 Fort Madlaon 1.90 Indtanola -U Keokuk ...’ 3.60 Knowlton 04 Manchester ..... v ,. .60 Le MaMra 1.00 Marion -80 Marshalltown 8.00 4.00 Mason City 1.00 1.00 Muscatine /... 12.16 ...... Newton 33 Oskalocsia 10.03 ....*. Ottumwa 0.25 .it Red Oak 2.00 Shenandoah 60 Sioux City 3.66 4.50 Tipton 55 . L 6 Washington ...... .. 1.00 ...... Waterloo 6-66 3,i>o Waverly 66 Total 290.56 35.38 There are hut eight towns In lowa Which have paving that Oska ioooa, according to the table abovo. They ate: Miles of Paving. Population, Cedar Rapid* .. . 19.00 28,676 Burlington 16.37 25,310 Council Bluffs... 16 66 25,226 Davenport ....... 31.30 39,374 Des Moines .... 71.33 75^28 Muscatine 12,16 16,046 Ft, Dodge 11.60 14,692 Marshalltown . .. 12.00 12,052 Oskaloosa ...... 10.03 10,108 SEED CORN. Much has been said on the subject of seed corn. Seed corn special trainn havt crossed and recrosWßd the state, and from these trains the gospel of good seed corn was preschd. It was all good, it was all practical, yet there Is more to follow. The Idea was advanced that the farmer, wfto paid the closest attention to his teeod corn would profit largely by this com paratively small expenditure of time and labor. The farmer was advised to select his seed corn and use none but the best. But science has just begun to interest berself In the seei corn proposition. And so tbo recent months bare elaborated upon the or-' Iglnal program, havl made the theory more practical. It is now suggested that we have a Seed Corn day, ms we hav« sn Arbor dsy, and that Oc tober 10 be set aside tor the purpose of gathering tne very best acted corn and banging It up to dry and season, whtere the germ is not in danger of being Killed by severe frost. And It is further suggested that the day be celebrated by the farmers of lowa an nually hereafter on the second Tues dayof October. The same objection might bte rahsdil that ha# been urged against .Arbor day, and that is that the state Is too large, extending 200 mtlee north and south, to have one day. the season be propitious In one section of the state It would be too early or too late In others. But that is a minor consideration. The main thing is that the seed corn be gathered and tnen hung up to dry and season ere the withering frosts sweep over the prairies of lowa. In this connection Prof. P. O. Hol den says: "If every ear of corn that la to be used for seed in lowa next year could be harvested this fall not later tnaa October 10, and bung no where It will dry out thoroughly be fore the hitter cold freeses of Novem ber, it would add millions of dollars emdelkm. the AailcttHwrel Freae, etn says lilts doe* mo urgently request t«at th# farrow*, httainras men and the pr#*e use their etmnnt Influence to mstahHeh the second! , Tueeday in Ocltdter to be known an nnally a* Semi Ctora Ijarveat Day. And that the fermere of Inw* will mdehram that dsy hy going Into the host of their fields and harveetlng their seed corn according to Ftofhm ton Holden’s suggeftton. I* connec tion herewith H may be in order to again quote Professor Itoiden as fal lows : us go into th# best and earl lent planted fields and neteet well-ma tured ears from the moat vigor stalks, strip off thwlr busks and hang In the attic at once where the circu lation of air Is good and protection Is had from the cold fret'slng weath er of November and December. On the 228,000 lowa farms an average of about forty acres Is devoted to the growing of corn, and while six bushels of goou seed is sufficient to plant this, let us abundantly provide ourselves and save two or three times this amount, as some parts may call upon us to replsnt, or our neighbor may bo needing some steel. Remem ber it takes only about a dozen ears to plant au acre. Each ear should have special care.” EMERGENCY CURRENCY. St. ixiuls Globe-Democrat: Llko everybody who has given any thought V to the subject, Secretary Shaw la ments thu want of elasticity in the national bank note currency. Being based on government bonds, this cur rency is necessarily rigid in it* pro portions. It is slow in responding to thu changing needs of seasons and localities. At tne present moment, and every year at this time, Hn addi tional amount of currency is needed In moving the crops from the prod je ers to tbe consumers. In a time of normal acth tty, like 1906, there is -vet to be some pressure for money on this account In the fall and early winter months. In the spring and early Hum mer, this niatr.butlon navng been ac complished, money ordinarily becomes too abundant for Duslness needs, and It drifts in large amounts to tbe I. nancial centers, finding its way finally to the country’s ultimate reserve cen ter, New York. The problem of mak ing the volume of the money automat ically expand and contract to meet these varying conditions nas long ex ercised the minds of financiers sad statesmen, and many remedies 'rave been proposed. In his address at Cleveland txrfote the Ohio bankers’ association Sece tary Shaw suggested a plan whi 4s. though not entirely new, is sufllcient ly different from most jf the schemes put forward In recent years to *ltr«:t attention. Hu rejects asset cu. and emergency currency, as these terms ate commonly understood. He also opposes the use of clearing house certificates, which ho says ji nearly as bad, In principal, as the free coin age of debased silver. The secre tary’s plan to contribute a little elas ticity to the circulation Is to allow the national banks to issue addition amounts of notes, in excess of the amount secured by government 'bool* but not beyond 50 per cent of <ho bonds, these notes to pay a tax of b or 6 per cent to the government for the time they are out, und the govern ment, In consideration of this tax, to guarantee their redemption. Tbe lew issue of notes need not be »nown to anybody except the comptroller of the currency and the banks issuing them and the hanks, under the pressure of thu high tax, would promptly with draw them after the extra demand ended. a Of course, as the secretary coned i* es, this would toe a sort of an emcr o gency currency, though not the sin i i which he referred in condemnation. » His high position In the government, t and tne certainty that he will urge i this plan, or something along the t same lines, in nis forthcoming repent to Congress, will command for it a r good deal of consideration by the 1 country. The evil which the ifecre s tary complains of is embarrassing. <* Yet tne problem of combining elasu e city with absolute and unquestioned s sa/ety is difficult. With all the db i. facts, real and Imaginary, which have f been charged against the national t banking system, the currency which >t » provides is as good as any which the i- world affords. It is tne best currency >- which the Unitea States has ever t * had. Moreover, It is growing con -1 stantiy In popularity. A prodigious t increase tn its volume has taken & place since the act of 1900, which al « lows banks to lssup currency to the » par valne of the bonds, and which per :i mils the establishment of banks with t a $25,000 capital in tab small towne. ® The rural districts of the West and i South have availed themselves large ly 1 y of this conccssb n, and a largti » number of new banks .have been crea ted in the past five years. The 5557 - national banks, with a circulation of t $470,000,000, are an exceedingly val t trable element in the country's assets, t and any intelligently devised plan to i work an improvement in them de |* serves the attention of the people. • inch M Secretary Shaw's scheme i will receive.