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a I vr WHS 'THE GUARDIAN. X%lBLI.SHKD EVERY THURSDAY, Independence* Buchanan County* Iowa, BY RICH & JORDAN, OPTICE OVER P. c. WILCOX' STORE. tTtrnu $1,50 prr Annum, in Advance. Rates of Advertising. On# aqu&rc, (12 liuea or less) 1 insertion, "Each Bubucquent insortiqii^ One square three month^-. one yejup, One column one yJ*T, Half Quartv Itusiness cards 5 linos, 1 year, |i(00 50 4,00 ^00 16,00 60,00 35,00 O I N O A N I A OR fHB HORRORS OF ALCOHOL. X*tttects from a Discourse delivered at Morse's Hall, Independence, August &th, 1858, STOTflKK r. TABOR. We will drink no wine for Jonudab the son of Rechab our Father commanded us, saying, Ye shall drink no wine, neither ye, nor your sons forever."—Jeremiah, xxxv. 6. Nearly two thousand five hundred years ago, one of the most renowned of the Biblical prophets went with a mes sage to the house of the Rechabites." Clothed with all the sanctify of his sacred character, invested with all the influence of his holy positiou, and swaying other minds by an eloquence supposed to be derived from the Being of Beings who is throned on high, Jeremiah received a message, which said, Go unto the house of the Rechabites, and speak unto them, and bring them into the house of the Lord, into one of the chambers, and give them wine to drink." Then, according to the Scriptures, he took the whole house of the Rechabites, and brought them into the house of the Lord, ami set before the sons of the house of the Recha bites, pots full of wine, and cups, and said unto them, Driuk ye wine Im agine the spectacle A prophet of God has convened these Rechabites in that wonderful temple said to have been erect ed by the wisest of men there they see cause one who professed, and who was believed, to have enjoyed a wrapt communion with the creator of all things—who was the acknowledged, the undisputed, the evi dent expositor of the Divine Will to the Jewish nation—whose words were like burning coals from the altar of God— whose voice awed, convinced, and com manded—whose sanction to an act was an impress of its utility and piety, and who standing before these Rechabites said, Drink ye wine Around them they behold the august symbols of their cherished faith, the splendors spread out to adorn and dignify the place, honored as the spot where mortals could come more immediately into the presence ofj Deity. There, too, to encourage them iu i itself, as it shone in the full pots" be-1 Christians read the ac count in the annals! 'tis no profane histor these facts before us their assent to what pages of the volume they revere. There we find set forth the determination and conduct of these Rechabites when tried by temptation in so solemn, so imposing, fio religious a guise. Hear the narrative "But they said, we will drink no wine for Jonadab the son of Rechab, our fath er, commanded us, saying, Ye shall drink no wine, ueither ye, or your sous forever thus havo we obeyed, to drink no wine all our days, we, our wives, our sons, nor our daughters," Noble house of Rechabites You were true to the faith you had pledged—you were like fine gold tried in the furnace—you had en countered the shock of temptation, turn ed it back, resisted aud subdued it! Here, disciples of total abstinence, nj»y you behold the stock from which you can trace your direct genealogy Was there ever baronet, earl or prince, who could point to a stem more illustrious—to a foundation more proud—to a head more lofty and sublime What, in comparison to such an ancestral stock, are the bright est names which nobility or royalty can adduce Princes and lords may flourish,or may fut.lt A breath can inak- th»*ni, as a hroath hn-* made but men like these have 4 duration that will outlast pyramid *q4 tower. Look* ing back to this foundation of temperance societies, and witnessing- the constancy with which the Rechabites of that early day carried out the principle of total ab stinence from all intoxicating drinks, are we not admonished to preserve a similar firmness amidst every species of tempta i tion, and all allurements, however they may be surrounded by the blandishments of power, or cloth ,d with sacerdotal ap proval. So shall we imitate the benefi cent father Rechab. With a sagacity that was truly wonderful, he penetrated the evils produced by alcoholic stimuli, and by an emphatic injunction, formed his descendants into an eternal temperance society. This wise measure was then ^5 00| w?l*10.ut fore them—the transformation of drink- disgraced Gieat Britain—in the days of ing it into a praiseworthy act, as being one of obedience to a supposed inspired Second, we find from Dryden's Absa command—all these things concurred to l°m allure tbeso Rechabites to gratify their' peranee and Rechabism being synony tastea with a rich, animating, fragrant, I but seductive aud intoxicating beverage.] Dryden says And what did they do Could they re sist such a combination of potent influ ences Could they disregard the ap peals of their natural desires, the pro claimed sanction of Heaven, and the ex press injunction of the holy prophet? When inclination was made a duty, could they yet act in opposition to it Did Precedent throughout the entire circuit of the globe. Wine was regard ed as a friend and a blessing to men in stead of a ruthless scourge and a deadly enemy. But the illustrious Rechab, during an age of physiological and medical dark ness, surpassed all his cotemporaries in an adequate perception of the deplorable consequences resulting from spirituous drinks. He formed the first total absti nence society ever instituted in the world. As the high mountain top catches the rays of the rising sun long before the il lumination reaches the valley below, so this primeval apostle of temperance was centuries and centuries ahead of his compeers and successors. To him is due the great honor of being the first to dis countenance the use of alcoholic liquors, both by precept a. id example. In com parison to this effort of intellect and be nevolence, how do the tented fields of the warrior, the plots of the statesman, and dim, like the rays from a far "distant neb ula, scarcely discernable by the power of the strongest telescope, has increased in effulgeuce and brightness till it shines aloft in the firmament a central sun in heat, in light, iu radiance. When Por tia says of the light seen at a distance in her own ancestral hall— "How tar that little candle throws his beam fck shines a good deed in a naughty world," she describes the enduring and perma- nent an(^ obeying the words of the prophet, were [seem to be heeded it may, on the other the men of authority in the land. Ev- hand, seem to be crushed and extinguish erything conspired to urge them to act in I e(l i ^ie restored and infamous Charles the atli' moU8- da"8'^ of a Tacitus, a Livy, a Plutarch, or He- temperance and republicanism went hand rodotus, they might well doubt the truth Iin ),and- Temperance, cramped and re of the narrative which assured us such stricfed ns it was, did not perish in the was the case but Christians believe that, 01d the blazonry of aristocracy, sink into in significance, dwindle, fade and die. The mighty conqueror, subduing kingdoms, and overturning empires, looses his glare of lurid brightness when placed beside the quiet, humble originator of total ab stinence. The one desolated the earth the other conferred on it the greatest of sublunary blessings. Rechab planted a tiny seed, which, though at first neglect ed, and almost absolutely unnoticed, sleeping for a succession of ages, was destined at length to spring up, to be come great and mighty, and as we hope, one day to encircle the earth Dark and gloomy as has frequently been the pros pects of this philanthropic and beneficent there has never, from the era of away ventositie, it keepeth ana preser Rechab to this hour, been a moment influence which ever attends a noble virtuous act. It may not, at first, ^ut courage !—in time the fruit will accordance with the commands of a appear, and prophet whose divine commission all un-1'iav° been hesitatingly acknowledged. The temple, cause of temperance. Sharing the every day see them extolling the virtues rife with architectural perfection—the adversities of the Jews, as existing their potable stimulus gorgeous pageantry which embellished jamon^ the Rechabites, down-trodden, it—the sacredness of the accompanying unnoticed, disregarded and contemned, associations--the apparent will of God as ^as never been obliterated, and the expressed through his servant—their own narne natural appetites—the inciting appearance ways 6tood as tho guiding star tothelov of the ruby colored and sparkling liquid i ers Achitophel, a recognition of tem- When describing a character, 1 any leisure time he had from power, (lieomis^ 'tis sin to misemploy an hnnr,) His I limine** wtis, by writing to persuade That Kinys wrre ustjr&s, and a clog to iratlet And that hi.s noble stvle he might refine, NoRKt iiABLTK more tttiuiiM th»! Aunts of wine: Chitbte w»*re his eellsir.j,and his shrieval board Tlte grot-.sik's.- of a eity-feast abhorred." From this it would seem that in those ought always to be the case, and when the three rickety, the way also for the inroads of new dis eases, now vices, and above all for the accursed tire-water destined to be so de structive to the aborigines of America. He also, however, opened a route to the home of civil and religious liberty, where was to flourish the enemy of bloated and degraded intemperance. Here in this Western World Temperance at length es tablished her dwelliug, till at length, in the United States, her disciples may be numbered by hundreds of thousands.— It is to be hoped that the grain of mus tard seed will so grow and extend its branches as to become the giant of the forest, and afford shelter and protection to the whole nation. Our age is distinguished by its numer ous benevolent aud philanthropic socie ties, but among them all there is not oue of more vital importance than that which relates to tho banishment of alcoholic links. 1 he disastrous consequences resulting from these pernicious bever ages have long been obvious, and gene rations ago was tho alarm against them sounded. The other day 011 looking over a copy of Hogarth's Plates, for the hundredth time, as every plate is an en graven poem, showing new beauties and [The speaker then went on to consid er the ethics of the question, and gave an account of the phrensy all over the world which had brewed, fermented, and distilled every substance that could be so used into intoxicating drinks—of the attempts in olden times to arrest the evil, and of their failure, in consequence of the principle of voluntary association not having been brought to bear on the o s gigantic evil. He then went on to Say In another address, formerly delivered by myself, I gave a history of the dis covery of alcohol, and of the estimation in w Inch it was held in the days of its first introduction into Europe, citing some extracts to show the hyperbolical praises which were bestowed upon it, and exhibiting a poison exalted to tl.e place of a panacea. In The Chronicles of Englande, Scotlande, and Irelande, by Raphaelle Holinshed, a British author whose work was published in two folio volumes in 1577, the wonderful sanative powersofalcohol are delineated in a similar view. It sloweth age, it strengthened youth, it helpeth digestion,' the public were told, it cutteth phlegme, it aban doned! melancholie, it relisheth the v°th when it had not some follower. Gradu- i from dazzling, the tongue from lisping, ally it has been asserting aud obtaining! th^ mouth from snaffling, the teeth from its proper dominion, and now the small chattering, and the throat from rattling twinkling of light, formerly faint aud it keepeth tho weas from stifling, the been with of its illustrious founder has al- temperance. In the most profli- fale an^ debauched reigp which ever ly, in the ranks of its oppose^ ^od who are these persons [The speaker next divided the consu mers of alcohol into two classes—the moderate drinkers and the immoderate drinkers, aud after describing tho first, con Liu ued as follows Astonishing, that men new meanings every time it is studied, devoured that he goes to affront. They I was more than ever impressed with an are like the wayfarer who obstinently appreciation of how completely he com-1 undertakes to cro. s a giddy, boiling, prehended the horrors which accompany I tumultuous cataract, seething, foaming, a career of drunkenness. His graphic jand roaring, on a rope which vibrates to plate, entitled Gin Lane,' was publish-1 the lightest touch, and from which he ed in 1751, and exactly a century after- sees with his own eyes, daring, deluded wards appeared the illustrated work of+victims constantly precipitated into the Cruikshanks, entitled The Bottle' but Hogarth's single engraving is almost as comprehensive as the numerous sketch es of Cruikshanks' book, showing that gin in London, as every where else, ever) vary, but the esseuce is the same, tells the same sad tale. Nor if we go blaze of a candle is as much fire as from gin to beer does Hogarth's plate, tempest tossed flames which enveloped entitled Beer Street,' with its bloated I Moscow during its conflagration. The figures, its conspicuous golden balls ofj currant of vice is ever onward to one the head from whirling, the eyes stomach from wambling, and the heart, from swelling it kc?peth the hands I from shivering, the sinews from shrink-: in the wheelbarrow going to the trunk- waters are those of *i£ath» and their very or, destroyed maker, tell a much more flattering tale touch polution. Tl.ere never, since the their pecuniar for brewed liquet tlmn the otherfofd for creation of man, was a single drunkard distilled. on the face of the earth, who was not, in hoart.it lighten?* the mind, it quicken* ^escribable wms it bw produced ell. the spirits, it cureth th« hydrops!., i*. hcaleth the stranguria, it pounceth tho stone, it expclleth gravefi, it pnffetl, Ibl! e,xln,l,le, ing. the veinsfrom orumhlin.-, the bones "^.dec.rr from whins, and tl.e marrow from soak-! »°'.for ing That is what was said of alco hol in 1577. Does it appear to us laugh ably absurd Do we wonder that grave and learned scholars should put forth such a tissue of falsehoods for sober seri ous facts Does the delineation pro voke a smile, aud is it stamped with untruth so apparent as to require no ref utation Yet these opinions are by no means extinct. What was announced as true by the scholars of the sixteenth SeFor "s o™ no -tar/, is sti» mainuu^d by toZ ^las, it.is lost. So has u ll!" ftK9' linkers of the nineteenth. D^o we no. J» What a list of diseases it will cure What a list will it prevent! What a list will it ameliorate 1 Does it not quench thirst, impart strength, alleviate fatigue, stop hunger, quiet pain Is it not good for cold, for heat, for wet, for dry, for an empty stomach, for a full one, for diar rhoeas, for costiveness, for deficient and for over action, and for all the thous- ^""king, proceeded in these words.] aud natural shocks that flesh is heir to ?'j 'I"bus we see that drunkenness, like the Such is the assertion of its blinded emotions of jealousy, described by lago devotees, and that, when we see all around us the bones of its victims, and the wrecks, tho dessolation, the misery, and the distraction which has ever fol lowed its infernal footsteps. Upon an other occasion i formerly dwelt particu larly upon the morbid conditions that result from the use of alcoholic liquors and make up a fearful catalogue of dis eases. I then described its terrible de lirium as shown in the two forms of de lirium ebriosuni and delirium tremens, and dwelt upon its diabolical horrors.— I also spoke of the long catalogue of dis eases produced by rum, pointing out many of them by name, and shall there-j becomes gross, brutal, wicked, base fore not repeat them here. Assuming i l^es advantage of his superior them as already proven, let us luok up^ j—le beats his wife and his children.— on this picture, and then upon that of the He ceases to have for vseakness the re writers of 1577, and that of tho disci ples of rum in our own day. Does not the contrast give rise to emotions of a character to induce every reflecting mind to join iu tho effort to annihilate evils so dreadful, so extensive, so obvi ous To those whose hearts are in this reformation it would seem so, and yet such is not the case. Glorious aa is the temperance cause, irrefragible as are its arguments, apparent as are its facts, and incontestible as is its utility, many 'here climax of misfortune, they are corrupted are who remain, either' secretly or ojjen- by the very example of him whose first will constantly try to maintain themselves in a position where all their observation, all their ex- perience, shows them their predecessors ho earns to satisfy the cravings of his have perished They are like the trav- impure appetites he no longer sustains to Othello, makes the meat it feeds on Alcohol engenders a thirst for alcohol. The more its devotee drinks, the mure he is led to driuk, and he becomes guilty of the crime of habitual drunkenness.— Crime, I say crime !—and I will not qualify the expression. It is a critne, aud one which is the fruitful parent of many others. Intemperance is tho most active and the most perfidious cneiny ot do mestic happiness. The husbaud \*ho delivers himself to it, dishonors his sta tion, and renders himself either odious to his wife, or a constant source of grief and mortification. Losing his reason, he BUCHANAN COUNTY GUARDIAN. ^tol. II. INDEPENDENCE, BUCHANAN COUNTY,'IOWA, THURSDAY,-SEPTEMBER 2, 1858'.'' NO. *26i yawning gulf below. They are mode rate drinkers, forsooth. Alas, for poor human nature, in vice there can be no moderation. The ntnount may indeed The the the commencement, a moderate drinker. No man was ever at once a drunkard.— The vice is not at once full grown, as Minerv? sprung from the brain of Jupiter. No, as the child becomes a man, it be gins feebly, and grows overpowering. It is not, like the waists of some of our tight laced ladies, "Small ly degrees and licautifully lew," but commencing in the garb of pleasure, it ends iu the form of squalid want, and miserable death. In their own views all drinkers are moderate drinkers. The reeling drunkard, the driveling sot, the slavering inebriate, all claim to be mode rate drinkers. So that if we admitted, for the sake of argument, what I trust has been shown and felt to be fallacious, that a man may safely attempt to be only a moderate drinker, never to yield to ex cess, still will not that man, so confident in his powers of crossing the cataract on the bridge of a single rope—will not even ho admit, that the majority of men have not his steadines of nerve, nor hi» facultv of iSfcandingon the brink of all we hale," ant! yet never taking the fatal plunge Will he not acknowledge tho manifold, the countless, (he fatal dangers of intem perance Will he not acknowledge the Dws "ot kl,0.wf th*' l? and d"nk- oc-uIt '1C nonce, reepecta- 8la",'"s' "rs 1,ke f»ls0 kindled lights on breakers and ,uick sands, not to warn against, but to lure to des- & truciion? Does he not know that drunkards invariably point to these mod erate drinkers as proofs of the safety, the utility, and the respectability of spirit drinking? Does he not know that his 18 ,1,e of nn^es them deeper ml.° I'^ditioa h9«o». He cares He has no at tachment to it. He could at any time leave oft'without a sacrifice. In the name of God, then, why does he not do it In the name of humanity, why does he not forbear Has he no bowels of compassion, 110 sympathy with distress, no yearnings for progression aud im provement, no ears for the cries of an guish, no eyes for scenes of horror, no heart for the compunctions of pity, no kindred with his fellow man whom he is clogs on the wheels of temperance, and in the broad road themselves to disease and death, they push those over the precipice who stands upon its brink.— Beware, then, my hearers, beware of moderate drinking I The trite axiom, 'Touch not, taste not, handle not,' is the only course of safety. [The speaker next described the immoderate drinker, and after showing that drinking led to Ho spect which is its due, and drives his wife from the domestic hearth in search of tenderness and cousolatioii. He alien ates not less certainly the respect and af fection of his children. What esteem can they entertain for a father whom they see unable to govern himself? They cou- ceive necessarily that disuiste which is excited by a degraded being they dis credit the lessons he gives them in his lucid moments, and frequently, as the Vice is a monster of such frightful mein, As to be liaUd needs but to be seen But seen too oft, familiar with her taee. We first endure, then pity, then embrace." But the corruption of example is not all. The man who drinks dissipates all eler who wilfully pursues his way to the i his part society he deprives his fam or in a rage of wine your hasty hand lair of a hungry tiger, knowing that the i ily of what is their due ho sacrifices terrible beast is there, and when every piece by piece the articles of household step he takes is upon the whitening bones stuff most indispensable to the comfort of of the wretches whom the monster has! his family, and soon, stript of everything, A absolute indigence to indigence "Inch and exposes the mind to corrupt tempta tions—to indigence which leads to theft, and even to more desperate crimes. This is indeed a fearful consequence. The man who drinks does not merely produce these baneful results for himself alone, but also for all those who depend upon him. When we go to our asylums and poor houses, we find the great majority of children there to be children of drunk- Pin h, the Pawn broker,' and the books-j who o mmits Jiimseff to its stream. Its led their intelligence, exhausted their vig- selves into beasts.—To be now a sensible I \'arious degrees of drunkenness are well iuiting this original observation, it might be said with more truth, a bottle of wine, or a flask of brandy, are hostages given to intoxication and misery. Nourish, therefore, a fixed and eternal hatred fur ,l,n' amjile and vicious companions are When he reduces those dependant upon him to Despisd, unwept, you fall you !»i«ht have toft i i their health, dissipated uniary resources, are obliged to abandon their children. Obliged !—do I say no because brutified, and insen sible (o the cry of duty and of nature, they abandoned them without regret, and not to be laid aside night or day. The soul is like a delicate tissue, which shows the mark of the least stain. Lord BACON says, in his essay on Marriage and Sin gle Life, He that hath wife and child halh ilc.„ Ilo3t. w 1,1 1 an inexorable haired to vice but to avoid -A-tn' the contagion of its temples. As *ong asanmdivi ua endeavors to correct a repugnance wo easily learu U do our- strength i ^lves, ju1(j once launched on the danger ous stream no one can say he will be able to stop in his course. He who lends his countenance, not far from committing it. A fault en genders a crime. we may observe, that it is not over 0Ver, 0aier 1* i A sacred, clit-mliM, f»?ui!y-rloa$uiij lmnffc A n:iw gtiUto lie„ttepVf must at length deprave the heart find y(,ur imtcrnoi ful m-i-ik- has quite eflfitrod spirit—to indigence which accustoms its All sense and memory of your tornm- worth." victims to base actions and evil thoughts But Shakespeare, before Armstrong. vivLiitio »v/ OMOO tiuuviio cuiv* via uivu^tiwj iiut vuititcapcare, uvturu Aiiit&uviij)| mean that we should turn with horror from those who are enslaved by drunken ness far from all minds be such egotis tical and heartless morality. Exhaust Unusual weight tluvcghout the I tody rei0 every means for their reformation, and i labor long, courageously, energetically, intimacy wmiid u* rimental. Evil is contagious More of one of his epistles. Is it noceiarv to ard'' nieious When we have spared uommx i .. which duty commands or charity inspires* Vranghles is honesthe admomshed. I there is another duty to fulfil, another jIiav^ "ever seen charitv to exercise it is not onlv to bear ork' even passively, to a vice, is i When we cousider alcohol as a bever age, it has no redeeming traits, but is ., nSide up of unmitigated evil. The au cients had a saying, in vino veritas-m' wine there is truth—an axiom of which! by way of parenthesis, I of Preserving Health, appositely notices this, when describing the after efleets of a debauch. He says, after painting other evils— bt sidci, it wound* you sore to rtcuUect What follies in your loose unguarded hour K*cup'd. For one irrevocable word, PtrhajJ!, thut meant W) ,turm h$e u/rj Performs a deed to haunt yon to your grmv*. y°Ut yOUf 1 To wi»h you well, he wishes you in honv**. iitll —to indigence which engenders envy had delineated the truth attending vinous delineated by the hand of a master. In potations. Cassio, in Othello, after his o a n y of eleven sitting round tho debauch so pregnant with fatal conse- 'bacchanalian table, who have already quences, savs Drunk and speak emptied the four-and-twenty bottles which parrot and 'squabble swagger awenr? and discourse fustian with one's shadow? —O, thou invisiblo spirit of wine, if thou hast no name to be known by, let ards, who, after having by degrees dwarf- joy, revel, and applause, transform our- graphic pen drew from nature, and the have sometimes even barbarously driven himself when he is intoxicated, he would prostrate, and theology,stupid and them from the paternal roof, as they drink water all his life. Let him, then,! vapid, is in the seventh heaven of ebrie chase useless mouths from a place closely view the counterpart of himself in those I besieged in war. wretched beings who tumble in the gut- tlririks. Some who contemplate this frightful ter after reeling and staggering along the The other citation which I have prom picture may reassure themselves by say-j streets. What an odious and repulsive ised, is from the curious, and learned, ing this is only true of habitual drunk- spectacle See the beastly physiogno-1 though pedantic work Of Robert Burton, ards, but that they scarcely ever go to my, the haggard eyes, the disheveled the celebrated author of I'he Anatomy of excess, and tho lesson is not applicable to! locks, the stupid mouth half open with Melancholy, first published in them. This is not so. "He who hath convulsive and ignoble movemeuts, the The number of authors cited and referred drunk will drink again," is the language drooping head, and the oppressed stoiu- to in this work is almost countless, and ach disgorging putrid exhalations What has become of the noble human face and erect figure of which it has been said, to express its beauty, that Gcd made man in his own image The drunken man dif fuses an infected odor, he wallows in his filth, he soils his garments, tie is covered with a viscous sweat, and finally falls in to a deep sleep, or, rather, a heavy, stu- of a truthful proverb, and its terrible verity should impress itself upon all minds. The drinker progresses step by step little by little he accustoms himself to the infernal beverage insensibly he loses the sense of danger, and finally falls over the precipice. It is from among the moderate drinkers that drunkenness draws all its recruits. All sots there com menced their career. There is no safety, pid lethargy, from which he sometimes, calentures, tremor, get swolen jngulars. then, but in being inflexible not to drink when the cerebral vessels ar© too much pimpled red faces, sore eyes, &e.= he»i at all—never to be a drunkard it is nec- stagnated, never awakes. But if he their livers, alter their complexions, essary never to indujge in alcoholic again rouses, consider his rum-colorcd\ spoil their stomachs, overthrow their l»4Uors. Our nature is weak, and its flesh, transfixed, bloated, poisoned, and bodies for drink drowns more than tragility is one of the woes of humanity. loaded with incandescent pimples his the sea and all the rivers that fall into it He who would save himself from itifec- swollen, hanging eyelids, scarcely able to (merefungs and casks,) confound their tion, in an infected aimosphere, should be raised, his looks brutified and askance, souls, suppress reason, go from Scylla to wrap himself iu a preservative garment, his postures and motions in every sense Charvbdis, and encompass their unfdo ridiculous and hideous, his legs tottering ing.' p. 340. and unable to bear his body, aud his! Burton does not express himself^too whole system depraved, diseased, ruined, forcibly, for when we begin the enumer- the least excess in alcoholic drinks, so as: rope is that where it is most in fashion, to tho brain more than to any other por to give no hostages of degradation. To Other vices discompose the understand- tion of the body. Tho sanguiferous maintain this principle, rigorously resolve ing this totally overthrows it, and stuns I vessels of the brain, then, become plo not to frequent those places and those re- the body." So says Montaigue, and two i thoric, or in other words, too full, and sorts where it is dispensed. I do not' thousand years ago, Lucretius, a Latin the cerebral economy is thus deran ged. The so 11 th' Without weanness, earnestly, and affec-, And hiccoughs, noise, anu jarring tumults rise." tionately for that purpose but do notj i i i allow any ties to draws vu tor relaxation L. ir wcntoi \, ratters the tongue, tears gusli into the eyes, 1 1,a.vc to circles where carousing and drinking I «'r hetl's is carried on. Such intimacy would be I I I Jim in rnA vwin r»r MnatatiAn miia* dangerous, such examples would be det- 7 u,c man, by and by a fool, and presently a 'iniinated, and its effects admirably beast! O, strange !—Every inordinate I described. We see the different cbarac cup is unblessed, and tih4 ingreiknt is aj weeping, mawkish, siek, stupefied, devil." i Such is indeed Hie'"truth in alcoholic jwstice are closed, the footing of physu drinks. If a man could actually see Michael Montaigne, in his Essays, p. ation of the evils of alcohol we find it liko 182, written in 1&72-, says: Drunken-J counting leaves ol the forest, tlie stars in ness seems to me to be a gross and brutish the heavens, or the sands of the sea vice. There are vices wherein there is shore. It is well known to all observers, a mixture of knowledge, diligence, valor,! that drunkenness sensibly impairs the prudence, dexterity, and cunning this! intellectual powers. The result of all is totally corporeal and earthly. The I physiological, pathological observation thickest-skulled nation this day in Eu- shows, that intoxication carries the blood poet, described the same effects As tho encephalic mass is the seat of the When fumes or wine have fiU'd the swelling intellectual powers, they cease to be in veins, their natural state, they become obtuse, powerless, and are unable to command the organs which obey them. Not only the understanding itself is atrophied, but the natural senses of sight, taste, smell, hearing and ieeling, are also blunted o- The will is no longer lucid, the race before, more- «»»cted tho wonder- Chronicles in 15~77, and now that!® v, tvvp f,'ora i i I p:h1v* nor. wlin tnnt m,tw» truthful o the sanguineous cercbral than -twenty-three hundred years ago Menander said to the Greeks, Evil com munications corrupt good manners,"-—a a truth which St. Paul, who appears to .. have been familiar with the current lit- 1 Vi ^an ^1Ve ^°U erature of his time, has made a portion e Gascoigue, a scholar aud a poet, who! published in 157G, a treatise with the t0 0 dwell upon this striking truth? l"s it! !l'0,dr"1.1 spell"..': .4 Del not too evident to what a degree bad ex-! "°'e •D",4 1 enj n,.- fo.r Damt,e UoMktd Jhjnk- and U ma-v r'ca—t*1®* an lnexot ired to ute, but to avoid pj Surgeons in New' s Com- "e l*ie on,y »»the Library of the Col- of J84(^ aUemiing mej:cli] a! friend or a brother, there is nothing toj be feared he is sustained by the action i e e e i s e s a n i s e v e a n i a e y e resistjjnce he experiences. But when he ceases to wrestle, the door is opened tos e e e i o u s i n u e n e s W e n a n e v i i s habitually under our eyes, it loses its horror, its infamy gradually disappears}, familiarity insensibly extends its influ ence, and then to partake the evil quires but a step. W hat we see without! Vamlm^atlj liabltl^ The intoxicating drinks, and rallying all first," lie continues, piece, where the beast drunkards tells us, on page he leaps, and siurs, ly°n\ilruntc* now used to ears polite") breaks «P« quan-el vyith any nian that speaks 0 h,n n e and above complimen-! tary to human sincerity. Not only, how-j a drink, destitute of all is wine as good qualities, but it also lacks, duty should have been to teach them Roman saying to the contrary uot moderation, and make them honest and withstand in g, even the requisite of truth.! v iiiuous. It is a woe ol human nature When its devotees have not proceeded in i that familiality with evil overcomes the notation so far tw toloso ihe fucultv of _as horror that it first inspires. As most truly and beautifully observes— m,ore dn,.lk a,n(l The eijjluh is fox-drunk, when lie is crafty drunk, as many of the Dutchmen be, which will never bargain but when they are drunk. All these species, and moie, 1 have seen practised in one com I I i.„, .. i ill i ui»v,umiu t« vrte cowl- inmii inimv u swu 10 uuiiifeon* UD* uIT Pa»y at Your friends avoid vou or if one reiuafca permitted to remain sober amongst them j1 1 only to note their several humors." •¥&>" Such is Gascoigne's portraiture, and I those who have noticed Hogarth's admi ruble plate entitled The Midnight Con vcrsation, will recollect to have seen theso different species of drunkards inimitably -A— are a,1(l a scattered on the chimney-piece, floor, w'th us cali thee—devil !—O, that men should gentleman, a physician, and others, yH put an enemy in their mouths, to steal they are toot the less beast-drttnkards in away their brains that we should with! attitude, and action. Hogarth's table, it is true we can see a divine, |ilwye,'» a "justice in fair round belly good capon lined," an officer, a excited, roaring and asleep. The eyegol' is ly-. grotesquely unsure, the pride of war Such are tho effects of alcoholic nearly every sentence is garnished with Latin, though, for a wonder, that which I shall extract is free from such embellishment. Speaking of men who indulge in alcoholic drinks, he says 'They drowu their »its, seethe" their brains, consume their fortunes, lose their time, weaken their temperatures, con tract filthy diseases, rheums, dropsies, and 'L in imacy wouia De, muscuiar movemeuts are tremulous and q»o»«on, muai give en^.r.^.n^nt nf Lnglish authors of an «»boruerea. tm same engorgement ot disordered. two passages from English authors of an i early age, who took more truthful views., sanguineous ceicbral vessels, caused The first is from a curious work by Geo. ,'"'^ieation, is the reason ot the deep, s'eep ou U#T do,"l"le one copy of the jcause whatever, contributes to furnish those dwellings of despair with frantic ono in ,nraate3-noAnddvet oan see this dr are represented as men with heads of apes,! h'mse'* 107, lions, swine, sheep, goats, foxes, tto. of such an enquiry could but be a All drunkards are beasts," Gascoigue and goes on to il- i 1 inues, is ape-drunk, and and hollows, and and fl'»gs the pots about' the house, calls the hostess 'prostitute, yoUr consolation to have" labored with (Gascoigue employs a coarser word not third k suHne-drwik, heavy, !u! sleepy, and cries for a ht- a ore fourth. oa®' w'th the1 glass windows with his dagger, and is |lhat clo.the8/ ^P^runk. vv.se in his 0Wn conceit whon ho tfannot brtn-r forth a right word the fifth is maudlin-drunk, where a fellow will weep for kindness in i trodden, to solace the afflicted* to the midst of his driuk, and kiss you, ^atch tlie couch of disease, to minister saying, By God Captain, I love thee,! lo The sixth is mar ten-drunk, where a man is drunk, and drinks himself sober ere ho stir the sov i enth is goat-drunk, when in his drunken ness he hath no mind but on lechery.— difficult, and the of^which^ I have spoken Such being the effect of the imbibition of alcoholic drinks, we can easily com prehend how the brain must become dis eased, how its healthy powers are oblite rated, how paralysis, mental perturbation, insanity, imbecility, and iodicy are pro duced. The reports of the different in- there are those who 5°° associated opposition Jj ful evi], W|lo ltJk* upon }uc. such societies as bands of fanatics and tures. It is a small duodecimo volume, I intolerant persecutors! Such can never with a curious and characteristic frontis- l'ie fP'"*on enlightened and dispassionate man, who impartially seta t0 conyi aga",st lustrate his proposition in a sketch of I Alcohol, and the utility of especially an masterlv humor, and which could only 1 inaalinS examine the subject. The tion of the necessity of cooperation hydro-headed monster lhe young, and as vet uncor- -upt generation, with a fixed hatred c,asses without distinction, to a contest caUed danecth for the havens the socond js er human or divine. In this warfare. broll,t'r9. f°r bv every influence wheth- friends of temperance, it distressed, to y ways, thou dost not think so often! anguish, and to he constantly doing do of thee 1 would (if it! £X)t!- Let Temperance continue, as she not love thee so! ^HS is gladness, and with alacrity.— you no other regard, you would liavo of your own '^rts— the sweet con sciousness of doing good, but I hope that something more than this will repay your exertions—a triumphant success. It is the mission of the disciples of total abstinence, to aid in every benevolent and worthy object. It belongs to them to labor for temperance, to raise the wiPe eu t,ue lo he puts his finger1 of her ns foimerly of Howard,— Phe sixth is mar-1 exquisite picture ofbenev olence cxquisste pictui sitting: when I have been f. u„ clnnk a u'*u'cwed wU" 1 And vlU, knm tl.e tears lK*r mission,and it may And now, Phihittitiivj.y thy rav* divum Dart round the |nl.\ from Zeiubln to the Lino O'er etteh dark ris^n plays thi eheerii light, Like northern luctrrs o'er th« vault of nigfifc Prom realm to realm, with eras tr crcsMMit crown'd, Wh eiv'er mankind and misery are found. O'er burning bands, d?op wavt s, or wil&f' of snow, 17. Thy Howard, journeying, seeks the house of%o. Down many u \uniir.£ sup to dungeons dank. .it-: «.... ,i.