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l"' - i X mSr. The Capture of Leopards and Smaller Game j.3y Capt. Fritz Duquesne u 1A HaBBpaMBsBsssBBBkUST as one can tell when a rhinoceros Is near by observing the HtUo rhinoceros birds that follow It to feed on its lice, so It is easy to tell the vicinity of large carnlvora by the vultures that hover around waftlnc to pick the bones of Its prey. Onb day, just as the blue haze of jBtornlng' was' lifting froth the forest, I sawfev flock of vultureB sailing in the ir and swooping from time to time. JJIJew there was dead meat some jrhewTieaK I started out In search. wVert "Xity 'circling,- - UMrd the crunching of bones in a jalp of rocks TTaljt hidden in the nmis.- imal i. Altec maneu- tktferlng for. some time I tame across aka.wide trail of crushed, blood-stained jaiigrasa, shovying that &omq large ani- rtmai nips;, nave Deen draggea. no am alraal but a Hon could drag a body big t' enough to make such a- large trail. j Cautiously approaching the rocks, I h,eard. the anlmafs satisfied growls and saw the ravenous vultures, hook gakea and hungry-eyed, perched on e points of vantage, awaiting their chance to swoop down. I had to be careful, for, if the vultures gave the Ganger signal, all chance of getting the game would be lost After crawl- ' Jng a few yards farther, I got a peep between the rocks. Lying down with two cubs suckling, was a beautiful lioness chewing at the rump of an lmpala antelope. It was a beautiful eight I hated to shoot, but I was A hunter and there was nothing else to do. Although I could see the lion ess In a general way, It was a par ticularly hard shot, as there were soany thorn bushes and stones In my road. The vultures were getting uneasy. I , jgaoved, and they all rose with a heavy t Mapping of wings. The lioness, VJJtartled, sprang to the top of the irocks, the cubs following. It was so (sudden that I fired without taking aim Vd missed the mother, but wounded ", cub. The other cub made off into ttbe bush, the lioness following. ' I was in a bad temper through dis appointment ' and drew my knife to cut the throat of the wounded cub, which was whining in pain. As I put any man d down to make the thrust, it licked me with its little hot tongue aso a pleading look filled Its soft eyes. It was too much like killing a aby. I slipped my knife back into Its -. sheath. It was a harmless little, fluf- itf ball, a kitten, and I picked It up famd patted it I was carrying it back J 4 the camp when I heard a noise be- ;MBd me. I looked back and saw the 'mother slip into the undergrowth. I jkaew then that there was going to be trouble. Two or three times around the camp that day the yellow form of 'the lioness was seen flitting across tartly exposed places in the bush. I washed the cub's wound and put erne healing preparation from my medicine chest on it That night I gave the sentries warning of possible 4aager and took my little eaptive into my tent and tied it to my stretcher. I browsed off to sleep watching the shadow of the sentry on the tent as he passed between it and the fire. Suddenly a jerk at my Btretcher awoke me. Instinctively placing my band on my Luger pistol, I opened my yes expecting, if anything, to see the guard. My heart almost stopped. To move meant destruction, for there, on three legs, with an angry snarl and ne paw raised to strike, was the lion ess in the halt light that the dying camp Are threw through the flaps of the tent My brains were of no use to me, for they ceased to work. In silent fear, almost paralyzed, I lay. The lioness grabbed Its cub and gave a tug. Tho cord that held it snapped, overturn ing my stretcher. She turned and sounded through the door carrying her precious offspring. A shot shat tered the silence of the sight I sprang to ray feet and saw the guard stand ing over the quivering form of the falthfal lioness still holding her be loved cub in her mouth. She was dead. It teemed a pity to kill this moth erly beast, but it was too late to be sorry. How she ever passed the guard baffles me. A few days afterward, while one of the shikarees (native hunters) was stalking antelope for food, he came across a weak little cub that wob evidently dying of starvation. He brought It to the camp. It was so like tho one I had wounded that I have no doubt that It was the other cub of the lioness the guard shot W yalsed the cubs "on the bottle." For year they we tho pets of the op, ylcylng and romping like kittens 'mmmMim, ' '-' " " ;N -.., tiliiKhA gift, - 1 'lFBiSSSBjSBSSBBBBBJi VBBStaUBBaltl. . .BBaBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBaBBBBBBBBBBV BBaMFH PRbsBJB t JMHMBnMMpBjiPss ' us In ouf marches across as country. The Cubs and "Forget." But all good things come to an end, and so did tho cubs One day we were resting in the shado of a for est avoiding the heat of noon and most of tho natives were asleep. It happened that tho cuba woro put In charge of the most useless native In tho camp as his sole care. On account of this native's unhappy faculty of for getting, I christened him "Forget" Well, "Forget" had fed Uie cubs Blnco Uio day they wero captured and they followed him as though ho were their mother. This day thero was tho si lence of fatigue over the resting cara van. Suddenly a howl of pain rent the stillness and we rushed with ready rifles to tho spot whence it came, what a sight mot our eycsl There was "Forget" holding on to a bush, witj both his hands while one of the young lions had hold of his foot pulling as hard as ho could in the opposite direc tion. Although blotfd was streaming from tho lion's jaws, all of us laughed. Things went from bad to worse, when a particular friend of "Forget's" got hold of the lion's tall and helped things by pulling it Up to this time the young Hon was only eating "For get's" foot In a friendly way and seemed to enjoy tho fact that wo all stood around and looked on, as we had often done at feeding time. As soon as the lion's tall was tugged it turned on its tormentor with a roar and struck him down with its paw. "Forget" jumped up, drew his knife, and thrust It Into the animal's side, killing it Instantly. The poor na tive's foot was indeed badly chewed. 'Forget' " I said, after his foot had Heen dressed, "you were a friend of w. THE the young lion's. Why did you kin it?" "Baas," he answered, "it is too much to expect me to continue the friendship by feeding the Hon with my own foot" I found out later that "Forget," Hv- . ing up to his reputation, had forgot- ten to feed the cubs, and, one getting vsry hungry, and no doubt thinking it made no difference, started to eat its foster father's foot while he was asleep. The other cub got very quar relsome after it lost Its brother. I sold It to an agent of the Antwerp Zoolog ical Gardens, where It Is I believe to this day. The Leopard, Craftiest Beast in the Jungle. From the Hon the thoughts of the hunter turn naturally to tho most crafty of African animals, the leopard the tljger of the Iloers. It Ib the least hunted animal in Africa, not because it Is not sought, but because it Is bard to get at, Its home being In the woody, mountain ous country. Then, too, It has as a protective feature its peculiarly mrfrked skin, the spots of which re semble the light and -shade In the leaves, making the beast very diffi cult to see. Many hunters would face anything sooner than a leopard, on ac count of Its Intelligent ferocity. Some men are of the opinion that It is the most dangerous of African game, and those who know say it Is fiercer than the South American jaguar. Tho leopard Is the brainiest of the carnlvora. The stories told by the natives and hunters of its cleverness would fill volumes. One thing is cer tain, It gets Its food easier than any other animal. The methods are sim ple In the extreme. It ascends a tree seelde a waterhole and waits for Its victim to come to drink, and then, flying like a thunderbolt from the treetop, strikes down its prey with s blow, st the same time sinking Its teeth Into a vital 'spot' mmmmmSBBmBBBBBBBssmiflslBm mv JL J & yHrmfc jHi'jbHB smmmBBraHsVaEk - Y?L ' 'Mffiimsi mmBmKvllFVI BsBsmmmBBHEsKlMnfar 7 S&SsmmfalMwl HTVWBsHsmmsi HtfPsssTOllfn Irtfc "' V? 'BBSsWsWsMHssmsPmmsi BmBBBBSaE3BBBBBBBmmmWaXBBBBYsfBB7BKr7r A. t ' . SSSSSSSSllSSMiBSSS&'SSSSlBSSSSSSB .j-- -iitiiBBBBBBBBBBM smmmsmmmmmmHHLsf iv smmmmmsmmmHssBssisssmi" smmmmmmmsPIPBIEi mmmsmsmmHHimmmmmmmmmmmmvV - "I- 1 LKPil3roxJ T-. issmmmmsWWsssiBBBsBBBsfer--- I wmmMm t lplfl I U SSESMflBfIVSByflyjglfifllWBW- tBBBBBBBBBBBBBriiBBSSBBBBBBSinBBWT-':'aBWaMiFF,fl lUlii & vtSSI On ewe occas!6n I had the good foi tune to witness a scene, In which a leopard was tho chief actor, that left' an Indelible picture In the gallery of my memory. I was hunting one day, with n shika ree, for food. We were unsuccessful in getting a shot on tho veld and so decided to wait at a-vlel (waterholo) till the game came to drink. It was a beautifully calm day, with not tho slightest movement in tho air. We mado a bed of leaves in a sheltering nook and prepared for action. Tho smoothness of the deep blue water be fore us was broken only by tho wa ter lizards as they leaped after the silver dragon flics. Dig, heavy-winged, brllllant-hued butterflies flew erratic ally about, nd ft long-legged crane opposite us arrangod its plumage as it admired its graceful lines in the ro flecUDgooJjgyj A Grand Sight at a Waterholc. It was a long wait and I was almost asleep, half dreaming, when the gen tle touch of tho shikaree brought mo back to business. He pointed across the vie!. There was a slight noise. A second or two later the broad horns of a. linffnlji V..11 aiY.mA.4 tt.mil.vli P1A ' a uuuiuu uuii niiuncu iru.wufeu wis leaves, and then came a cow with a calf. They came to the water and drank. I did not shoot, as I wanted ono of the smaller antelopes. A little later, as though by signal, eland, wa terbuck, koodoo, duiker, wildebeest, bluo wildebeest, rcedbuck, lmpala, blesbok, orlbl, giraffe, and dozens of other animals too numerous to men tion came down to the vie!. It was a grand scene; all these graceful animals, as beautiful as though they had stepped out of a book of fairy tales, mingling in perfect friendship. There was not a quarrel A , ' ' .... 4 ? yms8&! 'kmte& FIGHT COMMENCED IN EARNEST. among them. The big-eyed, aristocratic-looking pookoo rubbed horns with the stately lechwe as they put their clean, glistening noses Into the cool, inviting water. I was lost in ad miration. I hated to disturb the beau tiful scene by a shot All at once, like an arrow from the tree above shqt the form of a leopard t onto the back of a buffalo calf. In a . flash there was a wild stampede. All J ran but the bunaio cow, tne motner or the calf. When the calf was struck It fell either dead or unconscious, and the snarling leopard stood over its prey for a second. Then the cow charged and hurled the marauder from her prostrate young. A fight commenced In earnest. The leopard sprang to its feet and in an instant was on the back of tho cow. "With the agility of a wrestler she fell and rolled over her aggressor, arising to her feet again In a flash. Before the leopard could spring she rushed at him with a bellow like a fog horn, struck him full on and tossed htm Into the water. In a moment the leopard was on the bank again. It sprang at the cow's throat but missed as she dodged aside. Again the leopard sprang. The cow fell back, lifted her head and caught It full un derneath, her horn penetrating the leopard's body. The leopard roared with pain as It fell to the ground, bleeding freely from Its double wound, and the cow was covered with gashes from its antagonist's cl&ws. The leopard sprang again on the back of the cow, but she easily shook him off. He stood for a moment and then tried to stagger away. The buf falo made a rush, and, hurling him to the ground, thrust her horns again Into his helpless body. He offered no resistance, but rolled over on his side afaa. died. A young friend of mine, Jan van Xsenan, was killed In Qerman East Africa under peculiar circumstances. As no one saw the happening it Js hard to say how it exactly occurred. We wore hunting for specimens for a German museum 'When we reached a suitable hunting grauads we camped and set out dally In different direc tions in small parties, a German sci entist accompanying each. One morn ing a Bhlkareo camo In with tho news that tho veld a little way to tho north was covered wlth game. The hunters with their rifles and the scientists with their notebooks. and cameras, set out, making a wldo detour. Wo di vldod Into parties, a shikaree at tho head of each, with the exception of thoso two which van Reenan and my self commanded. We soon reached tho game. There seemed to be thou sands of every variety on tho veld. Hugo eland, beautifully striped zebras, hartebeest lmpala, koodoo, gemsbok, springbok, in fact there seemed to bo a congress of all the antelope in Af-rlca-, .. "Snthe outskirts near a clump of trees a number of giraffe towered above the rest of the animals. Van Reenan set out in their direction and the rest of us waited till the other men started shooting on the opposite Bldo of tho veld, thus driving tho herds in our di- rcctlon. After a long, tiring wait of four hours, tho cracking of rifles In the distance brought us to attention and told us that the work of death had commenced, fivery head on the veld was raised; every animal, for a sec ond, wsb still and silent as a statue. Then, with one accord, they -turned and cam galloping toward us, the ground trembling under the thunder of their hoofs. With the magazines of pur rifles full we waited till the animals came into good range and then opened fire. The din was frightful, the thunder of the boofs, the swirling dust, the rhythmic StSsSxsSS bang of the many rifles, and the whistling of stray bullets made a veri table battle scene. One after anoth er we picked out our living targets and down they went the Btampedlng mass of life behind falling over them In a struggling contusion. At last the tall end of the herds galloped past, leaving a few wound ed stragglers enveloped in the dust burdened air. We gave our burning rifles a rest, wiped the grime from our faces and surveyed the results of our bloody attack. The Cheetah and Van Reenan. The veld was spotted with car casses, and here and piere an animal struggled In pain from a cruel, dis abling wound. The hundreds of na tives with the expedition poured over the veld and commenced skinning. The scientists took measurements and photographs, and by night the hides were all in camp. When the bugle blew at meal time van Reenan was missing. I ques tioned the natives, but none had any news of him. 'We lit huge fires to guide blm to the camp. There was no possibility of his being lost, for he was a Boer and knew the veld like a Kaf fir. All night we expected him to turn up at the camp. The lions and leop ards roared, the hyenas laughed, jackals snarled and a thousand dis mal howls made night fiendish, as the animals fought over the carcasses left after our hunt Daylight broke on a disappointed camp and at once searching parties were formed to find the missing hun ter. I made for the spot where I had seen the giraffes before the hunt, knowing that van Reenan had gone in that direction to get a shot at them. After getting to the place and searching a little I discovered the body of my frlebd with a dead chee Jsh across It. Of course, I can only guess, what happened, : 1 examined his rfl, and found osly one cartridge expended frotathe mag- zln There wa a wound la the cheetah's breast The animal had bea wounded at close quarters evidently, and had sprung on Its aggressor be fore ho could get In another shot Poor van Roenan was frightfully chewed. The cheotah had died In the act of killing him, ono of tho many dou ble tragedies that Illustrate tho dan gers of hunting on the Dark Contin ent The Giraffe Awkward and a Harmless. It Is peculiar that such savage brutes as' leopards and cheetahs are marked much like tho giraffe, the most awkward and harmless animal In Africa. At ono tlmo the giraffe was common down as far as Cape Town, but now it is found no farther south than tho Transvaal. Gradually It Is being driven into the interior. Tho glraffo makes its home in the desert country, being able to go for long periods without drinking. There are large herds on tho Kalahari des crt, where they aro practically safe from the hunter's rifle. Giraffes are alro very common in tho country to which Mr. Roosevelt is going. They aro vasy hunting. Before the passage of the game protection laws I have seen one party bring down 20 giraffes In a day. It Is easy to form an Idea of the giraffe's awkwardness when yon take Into consideration that the animal is from 18 to 20 feet high, measuring from the ground to its head, and it Is mostly legs and neck, tho legs being longer than the neck. When a giraffe drlnkB it must spread its legs out an an angle of about 30 degrees to lower Its ody sufficiently to reach the wa ter. sZ'TSP-,-Zl- Z. TT v-- The favorite method of the Boers in hunting the giraffe is to ride it down on horseback. This affords great sport and a good horse will overtake one of these animals after a long chase. The giraffe presents a peculiar spectacle when It is running. Tho body seems to gain on tho head, which waves to and fro and is jerked into position at every second step. Mr. Roosevelt will have to depend solely on shooting for his giraffe sport, as the country he wjll yjsjt in is not favorable to horse hunting. A source of amusement to the aver age European sportsman who visits East Africa is hunting the wart hog. Although the Africander docs not care about hantlng this animal, the Euro pean seems to delight In "it, perhaps on account of the animal's ferocious and ugly appearance. It Is armed with a pair of formidable tusks which It can uso with great effect on either horse or man when it is cornered. I have seen a native gored so badly by one that he died in an hour. Each African colony has game laws based on tho prevalence or scarcity of certain species of animals. Where Mr. Roosevelt Is going to hunt It costs $350 for a huntsman's license. This license under the British East Atrl can game laws gives the following privileges: Each white man rifle hunter that hunts in East Africa, is allowed to kill two of each of the following animals: Elephants (tusks weighing not less than 60 pounds), rhinocerl, hippopot ami, zebra, oryx, callotls oryx bestla, koodoo, topi, Neumann's hartebeest, colobus and other fur monkeys, aard varka, cheetahs, aardwolf, marabout and egret One of each of the fol lowing: Buffalo, eland, sable, antelope, roan antelope and bongo. Ten of each of the following: Topi, Grant's gazelle, Thompson's gazelle, Jackson's hartebeest lmpala, reedbuck, duiker, kUpsprlngcr, stelnbuck, waterbuck. wildebeest, Coke's hartebeest, bush buck, paa, lesser koodoo, and the gerenuk. Copyrlzht, ISO, by BenJ. B. Hampton.) FORCED TO GUARD BEEHIVES In Search for the Delicacy Bears In Texar Destroy Apiaries by Wholesale. The beekeepers of the Wharton sec tion In Texas frequently suffer losses from the depredations of bears. Vari ous kinds of devices are used to pro tect the apiaries from the invasion of these animals. Henry Carter, who has a large apiary In the Doling neighborhood, had an exciting experience with two honey-loving bears recently. He has a pack of bear dogs which have been used principally to guard his bees against the attacks of bruin. The ken nel of these dogs is close to the hives, and no bear cared to venture close to the spot. A neighbor borrowed the pack to trail down some bears that had been giving him trouble and failed to return the dogs at night Mr. Car ter was awakened about midnight by a noise which came from his orchard, where his bee colonies were located. He quickly divined that a bear raid was on. He grabbed a rifle and hur ried out of the house toward the apiary. He took a sudden backward jump whon a big black bear rose upon Its hind feet from behind a beehive and started toward blm. Mr. Carter fired at the animal at close range. The bullet wounded bruin and stopped his progress temporarily. At this moment Mr. Carter noticed another bear run ning off from another part of the apiary. He took a shot at it, but must have missed, as no sign of blood was found afterward. The first bear which ho had wounded soon regained its feet and got so close to Mr. Carter as to strike at him vigorously with one of Its paws. Mr. Carter bounded be hind an adjacent tree, where be got In two more shots from his rifle be fore tho tear could reach hint. These bullets put an end to bruin. Tho bears had completely destroyed his apiary before he arrived on the scene. Mem phis Commt'iclal-Appeal, IcwExrosrJ i's Crmct AaHMessewt Eatef pri 0mpXeie4 at a Coit of $5,000,000. Nons of Chicago's other marvelous achievement equal the great amuse ment enterprise It ho lust launched, WIVEItVIEW EXPOSITION. This exposition surpasses everything: of its character since the original World's Fair. Five million dollars wait expended to make It a crownlnjr gem In. Chicago's coronet of beautiful pnrlt lat seanon 7,000,00 persons vlslte the exposition, Thin year It will ac commodnte 10,000,000. A trip to Chi cago would bo Incomplete without t vlalt there. RIVEIWIEW EXPOSITION aur pauses Caraar'a nnclont Circus Maxtmuit where C,000 dancers entertained Home. Five thousand dancers could be loit In any one of Its courts, esplanade, causeway or wooded groves. That many show jjlrln, trick riders, Indians and cowboys are used in Us "Frontier Day Fetes'' alone. .... Twice as many are accommodated In the amphitheater, where Mexican bull fights occur. Wild bulls and daring Toreadors dally onset thrilling contest for lire and death. A Spanish band oC 100 pieces discourses national music. Many military bands render open air concerts. The industrial exhibit Include wireless telegraphy, flying machines. dlrlRlble balloons, aeroplanes and other mechanical marvels. wfcrVEnVIEW EXPOSITION'S match less attraction Is "The Creation." This tuoendoua acenle soectaole. animated by Biblical characters of the Garden of Kkn. Is destined to attract world-wide- l(suna to attract wona-wiae- It Jf the product of tho E. w. McConnell, builder ef orld'a fairs', and his staff mucniion. it , renlun of E. ' Mver&l world'i a hundred artists. The scene Is the Valley of the Eu phrates, where tradition locates Edea. Awed spectators view as near to its re production as man may conceive. Tne fTft.t I3,lE'l&u drama closely follows (Be ScrTplure. "There Is first a void, then darkne, dawn and light; separation of the ear the earth and the waters: the. beslnAlBg; f life In the air and the water Mrdsi and fishes, creeping and crawling things, celestial anthems of unseen spirit bands; the creation of Adam and Eve, their temptation, transgression and expulsion by Angel Gabriel, who drives them forth. wiw a naming swora. A great S2S.O00 pipe organ intones an- wropriate music, its deep tubes produc thunder, and its flute-like notes th mimicry of forest small life. Klashea of lightning and angry storms are made by electrical and water effects. Space forbids on adequate description of this magnificent spectacle. Another great novelty Is "The Races.' an English panorama. Klfty horses at tached to chaises raise over the high way to Coventry MVKRVIEW EXPOSITION'S "Court t Honor" has never been equaled since the Ancient Hanging Gardens of Baby ten. Its center la a lagoqn of crystal water, through which flash myriads of ever and gold nsh. The limpid edges are fringed with emerald lawn set in raws of stately Lombardy poplars. Cas emde fountains play prismatic sprays Mark overhead and cooling mists float Cownward Into tho lagoon. Fantastic Sacsdws and white pavilions gleam through the trees as a marble setting far the beautiful landscape. "Over Niagara Falls" reproduce on a tDommoth scale the famous water Sattei The Inspiring strands ot great bans. sssfter tones of orekaotra. attuaAe of si HiliTirmt from )oyms thrones, sunlit waters aad forestry, gay akmrlace. tat wfcarr of Medal ears ao4 Botox saa- vusws ox xatauKore rairoea. f IM maiamlm oc -Orel aBC 3-matas, Uto tasauar ta sscaii of tkwtuta tfc, creat aaU mmnl erf smIbii taaifasw bSCbw5bj?"e eat tsisalav sStTesf watcta flka KCTIGE POULTRY RAISERS Now is the timo of yoar in feprf your fowls a (rood tonfe. R4-11-44 cures Cholera, Roup. Gapes, Canker and Liinberueck. When fed as a Ereventlve it not only keeps theiu ealthy hut makes them lay. 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