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IIMN 73 Mt83 klvAWAmBi ORJEM4 SIMS in Prof. J. W.Ulell.tp'tltlJlpal 'ot the Karlington Colored School, tms been honored and Ills wortli.as a platform orator recognised by tho Republi can Notional Campnlgrt1 Committee. He lias boeti employed to make speeches in the Interest of the cam paign for two weeks In Indiana. He lias liavl the unique lienor to speak on the same proRriym with Mr. Roosevelt. Ills dIhci. ennnot easily be flllri in tlio tciinui room nnd tils roturn to Ills post of duty will bo a tonne of much sMUfnctlon to all. GREAT DIRECTORS GIVE MORE APPROVAL.. ,. i ED Democrats Unctuously but Vainly Flatter Themselves That Tillers of the Scil Believe Their Bunk Uplift Laws Will Improve Agricultural Conditions. FARING WORSE THAN LOWLIEST RAILROAD HAND Plight of Wornen Laborers In tha Fialds Described by President Pops c.f tha Acsoclation of 'State Presi dent of the Farmers' Union as Mors Deplorable Than During the Days of t Slavery, and Yet Not a Word Was I' r i . iL . i ii.ii.i opoHsn in ine iaai v.angr.Bi vvnicn la Boasting of Its Farm Legislation, About tha Woman Who Rakes the Hay and Gathers the Sheaves. That the 1m rcup In pay of the mem bers of the four railroad brotherhoods, caused by tho enactment ot the eight hour day law by congress, will rest ultimately upon the furmcr was assert ed by Henry N. Pope, newly elected president of tho Association of State Presidents of tho Fanners' union. In a statement Issued by him. Mr. I'opo declared that the farmers of the country stand for a fair wage for both labor and capital and favor an eight hour working day, but that he personally doubted tho wisdom of congress fixing wages for labor cm ployed by private enterprise. "I doubt," said be, "if it Is in the interest of cither labor, capital or the pcoplo to make tho wage schedule of railroad employee.? n political issue." The condition of the farmers of tho country Is worse than that of the most lowly railroad laborer, JXr. I'opo stat ed, with an average farm Income of only $1.47 a day, out of which must be paid tho expenses of the family. The condition of women laborers In tho fields ho described as worso tbau during the days of slavery. Not a Word For Farmers. "Not a word has been spoken by con gress in defense of the woman who rakes the hay and gathers tho heaves," said Mr. I'ope. "Uttlo has been done that has Increased the In come of tbo farmer or enabled him to pay a higher wage to his laborers. k "But today we dud the highest paid i laborers in the world making three f times more money than a farmer de- "i maudlng 23 per cent Increase, and con- gross husteniiiK to their relief. This j lucrense must In tho end rest upon tbo I i i- m i . . . ti, l . . t.t lu.kvi iuu iiiruiur uuu iui ruuuiu uis Income, lncrcjso his hours ot labor and call for another levy of farm mothers from tho home to tho Held. "The farmers ot this nation must fight through organization to hold what they have and to get what Is rightfully theirs from the government" Mr I'ope stated that by tho enact ment of th c'";ht hour day law con gress hafl thrust upon tho pcoplo of tho couutry a new responsibility and organized labor now stands committed to the principle of government regula tion of wages. Tho government, ha eald, should (li wages for nil classes ot railroad employees and should bavo the power to decrease as well as to In crease wages to remedy comparative Inequalities. "Square Deal" For All. In my opinion," ho continued, "tho next session of congress should read lust the wagon ot all railroad employ ees, from railroad president to section laborer, giving all a square deal and Dxlng a schedule of pay based upon business justice and human rights. I Submit a schedulo of wuges taken from official government reports which presents concluxlvo cvldenco of tho Inequalities of the present dally wages: "General oillccrs, (1U.11; other olll Cers, $0.40: general olllco clerks, $2.83; station agents, 2.37; other station men, $1.00; ciigliu-mcn, $5 28; firemen, $3.23; condurtors. $4.40; other train men, $3.11; all shopmen, $2.37, and jlrackmen, $1,150." Mr. Tope declared that the foregoing fcchedulo showod that tho 300,000 sec tion hands iu the country were con demned to a life of poverty. Ho said be believed that congress, having un dertaken to ragulate tbo wages of higher paid employees, should review their wagus. nam.: Cartoon by -n Finnegan's Philosophy Single Track Minds u- - "What Is he?" asked Flnncgan. "Suro at Iujalnnypolcs be said ho was full of Annymatcd Coucerv'tlsm. Fwhat's that, ye say? Tis tho turn-tablo on tho wan thrack mind. It knpes spin, nln' round and round nn' dlvil a man can tell fwhat switch It will pick up. It dlnnau Itself. So ye dlnuau whero to lay for It. "'Twos so wld tho arrumcd freight ships. Thcy'ro not worships,' bo says, 'onlcss I change mo mind,' be says, 'which I have,' bo says, 'an' annywsn who says so Is a liar,' bo says, 'but I rcfuso to discuss It.' bo says. 'I'll pass the buck to Congress,' ho says, 'on'y I won't,' he says, 'for 'tU no business of theirs,' he says, 'though they must voto on tho resolution,' ho says, 'to show whero they stand,' he says, 'hlnco ye'll lay It on tho table,' ho says, 'an' thin they can't vote, says Wud. throw to Stone. " 'I I thought I seen a fallacy,' cays, Stone, timid like, but the Great Idayllst brung down his flsht wid a t'ump. " Table the rlsolutlon,' .says he an' away goes Stone. "Twhat does this mean? axes tho SInlt. " 'OIntlcmcn,' says Stone, wcepln' bitterly, 'ye can frisk me. But thlm's the orders,' says Stone, 'an' if nnny man (ver knew fwhat It meant he's kep quiet about It' "So wld tbo fightln' wurd. 'We're too proud to fight,' 6ays this turrlble man to a bunch lv just-overs at Phlla dclphy. 'llaw-haw-haw,' says tho wurled (a laugh gets his goat, Jawn). 'I was thlnkln' iv somethln' I didn't say,' yells Wudthrow. 'Haw-haw-haw,' says the wurld, laughln' to split. "Bo this an' be that Too Troud to Fight' has made tho reppytashun lv Wudthrow. Tls llko tho Monroe Doc. trine to Monroo or Emanshlpasbun to Lincoln. Twas thranslated Into Ivry tongue. 'Tis better known than the twenty-third psalm or tho famous ora. Hon iv tho Guv'nor lv North Carliny. If an Ashantee poked another in the eye he's give hlin tho coon fr 'Are Ye Too Proud to Fight? an' they'd-both laugh befure they wlnt to tho flure. All tho recrultln' signs abroad had it. an' the shame 'ud bring three recruits where Tlppernry' or rum wud bring wan. 'Oh, won't ye plaze stop laugh In?" says Wudthrow, but they laughed the more. So ho slnds Jim Ilam Lewis to explain: He's called Ham by reason he's so fond ot pork. " Three thousand years agone,' says Jim Ilam, 'or maybo less,' says he, 'an ould Dago said, "Non Dlnny Carey win Kerry" ' (or the llko o' that, Jawn. It means not to have a chip on yer shoulder.) 'Non Dlnny Carey win Ker ry,' ,says Jim Ilam, 'an' Julius Say zer,' says he, 'an' Tolmy Phlladelp'hy,' says he, 'an' the Earl lv Cheatem,' says Jim, 'an' William Ilaitch Sew ard,' says nam, 'an' a lot moro I for get,' says Ham, 'who felt the samo way,' says Jim, 'although,' ho says, 'they nlvlr said so,' says Jim Ham to tho SInlt. " 'Now,' says lie, 'how, I axe' ye, cud tho Prisidlnt'know that tho cultyvated Christian aujienco,' ho says, 'iv ltniny. grants," says he. 'wud fall to grasp tho nooanco," says Jim Ilam. 'An' Jawn, they shut tho durcs tho way tbo people wudden't seo tbo SInlt lose Its dignity. " 'Fhwat's a nooai.ee?' asked Malum- " 1 Tls a sort lv Intellectual gold brick,' replied FInncgan, slightly puz zled, 'bo which yo say fhwat yo doan't mono an' mano wye doan't say. Tbo nooanco comes out lv It somehow. 'Tls llko I dlnnau what, just exactly llko It,' ho added after a short pause. 'I cudden't tell thlm apart.' "'Well,' said Malumphy, 'tho single (brack mind gets nowhere, I'm think InV "Th' gaugo Is nono too broad,' re plied hl3 friend, 'au' tho thraOlc's heavy,' bo added." Non Dlnlcnre est Vlnccro. $$$$SS$i33$t444i3 s $. 3 ANSWER. EIGHT HOURS, j 4 NOT EIGHT YEARS. $ $ Special Dispatch to tho New 3 4 York Herald. $ S Bar narbor, Me., Monday. $ $ To tho Editor of tho Herald: 4 4 Maine's answer tn Wll-oni $ 3 "Bight hours, but uot cilil ? $ years." A Former Progressive. $ Dradley In the Chicago Dally News. r- 9 Editorial Comments Mr. Hughes has made Mr. Wilson's policy of deciding a care and then get ting tho facts afterward ono of tho most pitiable exhibitions of weakness that even the present administration can give. Toace, preparedness and prosperity" are claimed as the Democratic cam- i palgn cries. More appropriate ones would bo "Pie, pork and piffle." nd now nobody seems to know ex actly what the new wage law means or to whom it applies. Another Illus tration of Democratic Inefficiency. The Democratic congress has voted a tariff on dyes, thereby declaring In favor of tbo principle ot protection. How tho party does change Its colors. If President Wilson were really ear nest in telling the suffrage women "I como to fight for you" ho would have put a suffrage measure through con gress by the same stop watch method that he used to force tho railway wage Incrcaso bill through. Shadow Lawn, as a residence for the next few weeks, will give its occupant an opportunity to get nccustomed to the after election gloom. Hero Is reason enough why Mr. Wil son should bo defeated. Why should Mr. Hughes be preferred? Glfford PInchot, tho Progressive, answers, giv ing facts to support his statement; "Hughes is a man of his word. I cannot rote for Wilson because I can not trust him. He docs not do what he says. Hughes docs. Therefore my choice Is Hughes." When the Progressives como back they bring their punch with them. Villa says he bears us no grudge. Well, why should he? Haven't wo al ways treated blm as a perfect gentle man? What has become of the old fashion ed man who used to say of President Wilson, "Yc-cs, ho docs make mistakes, but I believe he's sincere." And we haven't yet got either Fran cisco Villa or that salute Next stop for the political express Nov. 7. Irvln S. Cob'. Is to mako campaign speeches for tho Democratic party In tho west Irv, you all recall, of course, Is a humorist and Is peculiarly equip ped to do full justlco to his subject Thp least that may bo said of Fresl dent Wilson Is that he has been right half tho time, for he has been on both sides of almost all Important questions. $$$$j$-$$5$i$$j NOT AN EIGHT HOUR DAY. 3 Recent Hold-up Legislation Does $ Not Shorten Workday a Minute. $ As a matter of fact. It Is not S an eight hour law at nil. It does & not curtail the tralnmen's's work- 3 day by a slnglo minute.. If on 5 engineer has been receiving $5 for working ten hours a day this S law will raise his pay to $0.23, 0 but It will not shorten his work- S day even tho tenth part ot a sec- 5 end. This Is no moro llko tho $ true eight hour prlnciplo than j chalk is llko cheese. $ Tho reason why pcoplo call this an eight hour law Is be'eauso s It says that In tho caso of rail- $ road trainmen tbey shall get S their day's pay for tho first eight hours' work, ond all tbo rest Is $ to bo considered overtime. J Do not tell mo that this strike $ could not havo been called off or s postponed If President Wilson S had shown that ho moant bust- $ noss. I do not for ono mlnuto t bellcvo that thoso four brother- hood leaders started tho blazo 5 going without knowing how to put it out Ono ot them admit $ ted that he could put It out so $ far as his own brotherhood was $ concerned, but that his followers 3 would think that bo bad gono 0 back on them It bo wcro to do so. 0 Statement of Congressman A. $ P. 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