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The Big Stone post. (Big Stone Gap, Va.) 1890-1892, August 15, 1890, Image 3

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87060150/1890-08-15/ed-1/seq-3/

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Primitive Oowrnaient for h Town of 10,
OOO?KcmlnUcense* '?? Wild BUI?A
Plffltl N?t lo* FlnUh?The Lattor
Knd <>f ?n Officer In the Army
?>r Uncle Sam.
(From tili? Bonton Comn&rcUl Bulletin.)
Sa*? m\ tiiiii ! no (dlior city in the tar
;.esses a history one-half so
peculiar and interesting as that of Chey?
enne. VVvo. I well remember when the
place was proudly styled by its inhabitant*
me "(.reat City of the Plains." This,
too. a! a time when it was rightly held to
l,e the wickedest town of its size in the
United States At one period within my
recollection, there were upward of *>')0t) ]
people living and dying in the place, for.
truth to sav. hardly an hour passed but a
death, either by hanging or shooting,
occurred there. I do not now remember
of any births occurring ill the city, the
population being from time to time in?
creased bv the arrival of '?pilgrims" from
the Rastern States or returning miners
from California and Oregon.
A? 1 first remember the city, it stood on
a level plain about which flowed Crow
Creek, in the distance towered Long's
I'eak. a high promontory some ninety
miles to the south, while to the west the
long line of mountains known ns the
Black Hill- rearctl a seemingly impassa
Ide ban i'i t<> tint her progress in that
direction. A truly delightful spot in
which to dwell in summer time, where the
wind, blowing across the snowy summits
of the Kocky Mountains, .-.weeps over the
eilv and its surroundings with a refreshing
coolness, in my day Cheyenne was the
paradise ol roughs and belonged to the
Territory ??!' Dakota, Wyoming not then
being organized. So far as I could ob?
serve there was no other government
maintained than tlx popular will, and the
will of such a disreputable cosmopolitan
"athering of ].pie as then resided there
wa?. to sa) the h ast, often disgraceful in
its demands.
It might trill) have been said that CIlCV
? one was then the land of the beggar and
prince, there In ing no middle class. Oiic
Col. Murran, an Irishman, had. previous
to inv arrival, served as Mayor of the
town, and before him appeared all offend?
ers. To some of our readers the story
mav he old, nevertheless the fact maybe
ltdd that tiie doughty Colonel invariably
inflicted n fim of $10 upon any individual
in the place who -hot at another, no mat?
tet whether In i:it or missed his mark. In
like manner ail persons arrested for being
drunk were severally lined $1U and two
bits, the lattet portion of the tine being
appropriated In hi- Honor to pay for his
dully drinks at a neighboring saloon.
There was always plenty of excitement in
Hie town, the gambling saloons and places
ot ill-repute remaining in operation all
night long. The only lime of quiet was
from iu in the morning until :.' in the
afternoon. A person on the streets during
the hour-, mentioned would often overhear
remarks after tie- following fashion:
??Dick Had ford's out again, ain't he?"
"Von bet yet boots, and he's howl in',
loo, for another light."
"Killed anybody yit?"
[ "Ytlp! Had a fuss over to Talbot's last
[night. Seedling from Injiana tried to
{slack up on him in a game o' draw, when
||>ick let drive."
? "I see Major planted him. eh!"
? Yin! Ami Pick he paid his little ten?
ner to old Murrail and was turned loose
??purn that court, anyway; it don't
amount to nawthin'. Anybody that's got
the scads can git away from 1 liar."
The past record of Cheyenne for mur?
der and robbery is simply a horrible one.
On an average two murders daily were
committed, in some instances the victims
heilig fairl) riddled with shot before
dying. A- a rule 1 always found that
strangers to the place, or travelers who
strictly attended to to their own affairs,
were rarely, it ever, troubled As Wild
bill was often wont to declare, a majority
of the murders committed in the West
occurred among the worst class living
there, who. like wild beasts, fought among
1 am led to believe, from the erroneous
[ statements of certain writers upon the
i subject of life iu the far West, that many
1Ipeople iu the Kast entertain the false
notion that miners are a quarrelsome set.
As a matter of fact I have always found
the reverse to be the case. Like soldiers
and sailor.-, the average miner is careless
and free with his money, and the very
'nature of his calling makes him a gam?
bler, although he rarely becomes a drunk
id. A firm believor iu the doctrine of
[chance, he is always ready and willing to
I'stack up" against any game that may be
Ein progress, being apparently never so
ghappy as when within sound of the seduc?
tive clicking of the ivory chips used iu
Speaking of gambling reminds me of
Ihe fact that no more successful gamester
fver lived than Wild Bill, who was u frc
|iieiil visitor to Cheyenne. While the
latter was serving as Marshal at Havs
?ity I was living with the cavalry out
{here, and many a pleasant evening I
(pent in company with the favorite scout,
rim had served with me at Pea Ridge
luring the war. Welch's saloon was his
favorite place of resort, and there I have
Ilten known him to w in upward of f->l)(H)
it poker iu a single sitting. The scout j
for a long time all night with the
hddiers, many of the latter being expert
pmestcrs and free betters. Upon one j
don. however, he lost some $li(Ml to a
trivatc and the latter was said to have
rather disparaging remarks eon
ng soldiers.
is speech of his finally reached the
of the soldiers themselves, and in
the Marshal was forced to arrest sev
Iral of their number for assaulting him.
1 In the winter ,d 1S7(i, Sergt.-, one
01 ' m finest fellows in his corps, chanced
j?> meet, at Fort Hays. Wild Bill, who was
gum dunking somewhat heavily. Now,
51 hough the scout was anything but a
arrelsome man. and in manner was en?
tree from bluster or bravado, he
rtheless had so long been accustomed
his word respected us law among
that he was rather taken
Sergeant refused to make
him on the narrow sidewalk,
much do you weigh, Mr. Long
iskcd the Sergeant, who was in
tonishmcnt at the unparalleled
the man.
?ut 170 when 1 meet a man like
iy fighting weight is more than
less I'll take you iu."
week," coolly remarked the
scout reached for his re?
nn," continued the sol
also armed. ''I am proud
ni from Boston, where they
.have no use for revolvers
! dispute is to be settled.-!
I'll fight vou here a fair t*tand-up battle,
and if yon*whip mo I'll go with you. If I
whip vou to camp yon must go."
By this time more than a dozen soldiers
had'arrived on the spot, eager to witness
a contest between the two men. It was
finally agreed that both of the combatants
should surrender to Welsh, the saloon?
keeper, their firearms, after which the
men shook hands and the battle begun.
It was hip and tuck which of the two
should come off the victor, when the ?a
IqoiiiCCCpcr, suddenly making his way
through the crowd, handed a revolver to
Wild Bill. The latter evidently feared
the presence of so many soldiers, for, sud?
denly turning from Iiis adversary, he fired
into the crowd, a soldier falling at the first
? The big coward has a pistol!" shouted
the crowd, but hardly had the words been
uttered ere two more of the bluecoats
fell. At this juncture the remaining sol?
diers drew their revolvers, and. all being
excellent marksmen, they succeeded in
sending no less than seven bullets into
the body of the marshal. How the latter
escaped death is a mystery, hut lie soon
after turned up all right in Abilene, Kan.,
where for a time he served as city mar?
shal. Soon afterward I met him in Chey?
enne, where one day he encountered a
discharged soldier who openly boasted of
having been with the party that ran Wild
Bill out of Hays City. The latter wan
frantic with rage, and although he could
easily have thrashed the drunken boaster.;
he chose rather to shoot him on sight.
The growth of Cheyenne was for years
encouragingly rapid. With the reported
discovery u! *o!d in the Black Hills coun?
try there was .in immense immigration to
Wyoming of just such material as the
Territory did not want. Magnified reports
and glowing promise.- of future wealth to
he gathered in the mining districts brought
] thousands of old. young, and middle-aired
men from the Kasten, States, many of
whom actually imagined that once in the
Black Mills, fortune whotlld shower her
favors upon them. It may lie needless to
say thai fully two-thirds of these immi?
grants suffered disappointment in their
hopes. Clerks, bookkeepers, barkeepers
and light tradesmen were not the material
needed to open up a new country. Many
a poor fellow footed it home eastward,
others tried their fortune further West
along the railroad, and still others en?
gaged as bull whackers, teamsters, or
i whatevei occupation was afforded them in
; Wyoming.
j As if by magic Cheyenne had suddenly
: developed iiito a city <>f HURMl inhabitants,
j with regularly appointed municipal officers,
; a daily paper, and a competent police and
! fire department. The city was held to be
' an uncommonly quiet 0111?one or two
j shooting scrapes daily being now the av
i erage disturbances in the place. The few
' lintels were filled to overflowing while
: hoard at weekly was furnished in nearly
; every^slinnty, adobe hut, and tent in town.
For hours daily the streets were thronged
with moiley crowds of soldiers, miners,
Mexicans, half-breeds, negroes, gamblers,
and Eastern lenderfeet, with an army of
mule whackers, teamsters, and bull
drivers, eagerly seeking employment in
transporting the gold seekers to the min?
ing country. In the early evening the
lively notes of the violin and banjo were
to lie heard through the open doors of
dance houses and variety cabins, mingling
with the more refined music furnished by
members of the Fori Russell band, hired
to play al McDailiels's Theater.
For months the.regular routine of the
1 city was confined to business, daiicihg,
drinking, gambling and fightiug. Sud
i denly these diversions met with a decided
! check by by the appointment of Jeffacaar
as marshal ami Pat Tal pot as his deputy.
Even McDanicls'x theatre became more
orderly. In time a peaceably inclined
visitor thereto might with safety sit out a
a few hours listening to the variety
performance afforded without running
the risk of being perforated with pis?
tol balls indiscriminately fired by drunken
roughs in the audience. During the
day the theatre was rather quiet,
but at night a few inspiring tunes played
on brass instruments by the fort musi?
cians soon attracted to the entrance a
motly crowd of gamblers, cappers, sol?
diers, bull whackers, teamsters, cyprvans,
and clerks.
After a lively prelude by the band a
young man or woman would appear on the
little stage and attempt a song, which was
received by the audience according to the
hitters idea of its merit. If a singer was
hissed, his or her engagement with Mr.
McDanicIs instantly ceased. "Killrancy"
appeared to be a favorite during the lat?
ter days of my stay in Cheyenne, and was
for weeks nightly rendered ill a somewhat
artistic manner by a rather pretty Irish
girl known on the ploy bills as Mile. Ceri
to, at a salary of $301*) weekly. The fair
songstress received, besides, numerous
presets in gold dust and coin from the
more sentimental of her hearers, and one
day disappointed her manager and host of
admirers by running off with a handsome
One evening while seeking a little di?
version I entered the theatre, taking a
seat well in the rear and near the door in
order to escape as far as possible the suf?
focating fumes of burning tobacco filling
the room. Already several songs had
been sung when the audience began
shouting a name and stamping noisily.
In a few moments a rather shabbily at?
tired man of middle age walked quickly
upon the stage and after bowing prepared
to sing. After a short survey of the
man's features, I became convinced that I
had known htm before as an army officer of
high rank who had been cashiered from
the service for drunkenness and misap?
propriation of public funds. In his case
opium and whisky had accomplished
their fell work of destruction, and he was
now a physical wreck. Strangely enough
he began to sing the "Lament of a "liter,"
which song ran as follows:
Vim s?-i. before you old Tom Moore,
A relic of furnier days?
A bummer, too, tiny call me now,
lint what cure I for praise?
Oftentimes I mi and think,
w Oli, of tea do I nine,
For the -lays of old, the days of irold.
The days of '49.
There was "Monte Pete'.'?I knew him well? ,
Oh, luck, he always bad,
He'd deal a Rune by night or day,
He'd win e'en your last "scad"
One night a pistol laid him out?
'Twns his lust "hiy ,nit'-|n tine?
Vor it caught hiui sure, "dead in the door,"
In the days of '49.
There was Sew York Jake, the bntcher boy,
? ho w^ always getting tight,
And when he went upon a spree
He wan spoiling f(>r B flgnt,
Oik- night he ran agaiunt u knife
In the hands of old man Kline;
In a tight with death Jake lost his breath
In the days of '49.
There was roaring Ralph-he could umroar
A buffalo bull, von bet;
He'd roar all day "and roar all night?
I II Is't be is Maring yet
Twus * "roarinjt ?>nd design"?
And in the hole Ralph roared out his soul
Hi the day* of '49.
As the song was ended the wooden edi?
fice fairly shook with applause. The for?
tunate vocalist, after again repeating the
j versen. was called to the manager's office
and his salary increased to I believe, $100
weekly to sing the ballad nightly until
j further orders. Not long, however, did
the unfortunate man live to enjoy the un?
expected favors showered upon him. In
less titan two weeks' time lie was found
dead iu a bunk at the Grand Central Ho?
tel from the effects of an overdose of mor?
But the Black Hil^s craze was soon over
and in a few months Cheyenne became, to
a certain extent, deserted, although quite
a number of those who came W< st for the
purpose of engaging in mining decided to
settle for life in the growing city. Tins
new blood infused additional life into the
community. As a result. I was pleased to
note on my present visit to Cheyenne that
the latter city, by reason of it being the
most advantageous point along the Union
Pacific Railway from which to enter the
Black Hills, had unmistakably gained by
the gold excitement iu lS7.">-7<i, which pre?
sumably brought within its environs many
thrifty, enterprising, and from what I
could learn, law-abiding citizens.
A Declilcdly ForrlLie Appeal to Sinners
Mltd !5a< i*M.
The local reports of his sermons it,
Charlotte sitow ?hat M . .Jones is on te :>s
original us ever in hi-- tvelhi-d of presetting
Hie gospel. The foiloving, according to
the Man : .<..i.)'I\ legraph. wfjs_a com para -
lively mild outburst in a recent sermon:
"Some of you go around hen' talking
J about your 'opinions.' It's your 'opinion'
j it's not wrong to do this and that. Yon
blab-month fool!"
He appealed to backsliders to turn from
the error of their way iu these tender and
affectionate words.
"The quitters are no good?they won't
do at all. Some of them are now infidels
?little infidels. I'd rather be a low-down,
chain-gang negro than one of your little
infidels. You won't be iu hell two min?
utes before you'll be hoping around in the
fire and yelling, 'what a mistake 1 made!'
"I have some respect for old Bob Inger?
soll, because he can get $200 a night for
his lecturing: bill some of these little
fellows are infidels for nothing, pay $'2 to
hear ingersoll. and board themselves."
He appealed to the. "society element" in
the city in this gentle strain:
"I understand you are all running society
pretty lively. Society. A pair of 75-cenl
slippers and a .fl.rj? wasp bonnet lets yon
into it. Society iu Charlotte! Why. if
you were to go among the Iton ton* of
Baltimore they wouldn't let you sweep out
their kitchens.
"Society! There is no manhood, no
womanhood, no religion in it. The fruits
of society, so-called, are the dude and the
dtldine. The dude is a wart on the devil's
big toe, the dudine a wart on his nose,
mere excrescences."
The Tonnage Law anil Its KU'eet.
(Iron Arc.)
The final passage of the Tonnage bill by
Congress means much for Norfolk and the
other ports along the eastern waterways of
Virginia. Particulars of the contemplated
shipbuilding enterprise at Burrow-on
Potomac, thirty miles south of Washing?
ton City, have already been detailed in this
correspondence. The promoters of this
undertaking have gone busily to work, and
are now laying out their proposed town,
and making the necessary preparations for
tin- establishment id' the industrial plants
already announced iu the Iron Age. The
gentlemen who are at the head of
thi.-> great enterprise are known to be iu
touch with the present administration at
Washington, and this fact is used as an
argument in behalf of the passage by this
Congress of the measure that is intended
to afford substantial encouragement to
Amcrican shipbuilding.
It is also a well-known fact that a
movement has already been formulated at
Philadelphia looking to the immediate in?
vestment of $3,000,000 in a great ship?
building enterprise at Norfolk iu the
event of the enactment of the tonage
measure. Their capital is furnished by
Western and English people, who have
become interested in the contemplated
project through the convincing eloquence
of the alert and progressive officials who
have made the Norfolk &. Western Rail?
road a great developing factor in Virginia.
In a recent interview with Vice-President
Charles G. Eddy, of that company, he
said: "If the Tonnage bill now before
Congress is passed Norfolk City is des?
tined to be a great and grand shipbuild?
ing point, and Southwest Virginia will
furnish everything needed for building all
classes of vessels, from the timber used in
their construction to the great iron plates.
Already the first step has been taken iu
the organization by Norfolk & Western
capitalists of a companv who are reported
to have a capital of $."?,000,000, which has
either purchased or secured options on
.'1S.WM) acres of valuable mineral proper?
ties in Southwest Virginia, together with
productive Bessemer ore mines in the vi?
cinity of Santiago, Cuba. By the admix?
ture of Cuban ores with the product of the
mines in Southwest Virginia good Besse?
mer steel will be produced. The cars
that bring over l.000,(MMI tons of coal from
Poeahontas to Lambert's Point, near
Norfolk, and that heretofore have gone
back empty, are to be utilized in freight?
ing the Cuban ores from the holds of the
vessels to the furnaces in the Southwest.
A Big Tree.
The Chicago papers state that Neal (ii
i raid Van Daornum, of Cramers, Cat., is
making preparations to take out a section
I of a big redwood tree, for the purpose of
! exhibition at the World's Fair in 1893.
This w ill be the largest section of any big
tree ever taken from California. The tree
measures ft!) feet in circumference, making
it almost 'A'.i feet iu diameter. The section
to be taken out will be U feet in height and
tit) feet in circumference. It will be divided
into three cuts. The World's Fair big tree
is lo be taken from Mammoth Forest. Tu
lare county. Cab, which is located fifty
two miles east of Tula re City, at an alti?
tude of (l.'.l'2"t feet above the level of the
sea. The work of felling the tree has
already begun. Ten skilled workmen have
been engaged and are busy at work. The
saw to be used is 22 feet in length, and
was made to order by the Pacific Saw Co..
of San Francisco. It is said to be the
largest crosscut saw ever made of one piece
of steel, and it is supposed to require eight
men to handle it. It will take ten men at
least two months to complete all the work
to be done. Three flat cars will be necce
sary for transportation, as the total weight
will not be less than pouuds.
Benjamin Franklin.
Every manufacturer encouraged iu our
country makes part of a market for pro?
visions within ourselves and saves so
much money to the country as must other?
wise be exported to pay for the manufac?
tures he supplies*
The IIusineMH ? (.rent one Abroad and
Just Beginning Here?Some Strains*
Three Hundred Yearn Old?Some
thing for Farmern, Too.
(From tho New York Sun.)
There i.< more money in raising coacli
und saddle horses than in breeding trot?
ting stock or racing horses. Breeding
trotters and race horses is almost as much
of a lottery as Inlying them. They may
turn out to be very good, in which case
they are great prizes. If they do not turn
out to be very good, they do not pay for
the cost of raising them and the invest?
ment of the money put in. With saddle
and coach horses there is always a regular
and steady market. It requires nothing
like so much capital for each horse, if is
easier to raise them, and they are almost
always sure of a sale. It is only recently,
however, that the breeding of coach and
saddle horses was entered into in this
country. In Germany, France. England,
and all the European countries, coach
and saddle horses have been bred as
steadily as race horses. In the United
States a horse that was bred for a trotter
, ?? ould occasionally turn into a good saddle
horse, while coach pairs were picked out
from the mass of horses. The result was
that the price of a good coach pair
went away up. and the price of good saddle
horses has kept up with if. A good well
matched coach pair will sell off-hand in
New York for $1,500, while there are
some pairs that are worth over $3,000.
Ordinary horses hitched up in double har?
ness are not meant by this, but a pair of
thorougbred coach horses, with blood,
breeding, carriage and action. They are
scarcer at the price than an ordinary pair
is at $400.
Canada has been furnishing for several
years the only all-round saddle horses for
New York. Kentucky has been sending a
great many horses for saddle purposes, but
though they are well broken and have a
great many gaits, I hey cannot be used for
hunting with safety." and they are not
weight carriers. A good saddle horse
must be a weight carrier, must be hardy,
free from sickness or faults, with endur?
ance, and the ability lo keep up a good
speed. The fancy Kentucky horses do
not fulfil these requirements. They get
sick too readily; as a general thing uinc
tcnths of them are sick the first six mouths
they are in New York city. They have
spirit, but they cannot trot as many miles
the second hour as the first hour under a
good weight. They do not make good
hunters, and have not approached in
jumping to Canadian hunters of English
Thoroughrcd coach stock is very differ?
ent from thoroughbred trotting stock.
The Kentucky horses come from thorough?
bred trotting stock and thoroughbred
racing stock much more thau from thor?
oughbred coach stock. In the common
mind the idea of thoroughbred has come to
be applied only to race horses and trot?
ters, as they are the only kind of thorough?
breds known to New York city. The ordi?
nary saddle horse, as well as the ordinary
coach horse, is a half-bred horse, made
by crossing a thoroughbred stallion on a
common mare and taking the chances ot:
the result. There is no certainty in breed?
ing when either the horse or the mare has
an unknown or mongrel pedigree. There
are full-bred draught horses that have
never traveled noire than five miles an
I hour in their lives, and full-breed saddle
and coach horses that have never run in
their lives. Breeding and speed are not
necesarily the same thing. A horse may
be bred for other reasons than speed.
Draught horses have been bred so that a
full-bred draught horse can pull steadily
and regularly twice the load of an ordinary
draught horse, while the difference be?
tween the full-bred saddle horse and the
ordinary saddle horse is apparent at a
glance. The European countries make
more tine distinctions than American's do
about these mutters. The United States
have not been settled so long as the pedi?
grees of sonic of the coach and draught
horses of Europe. Oldenburg horses, for
example, have pedigrees going back over
three hundred years, and their owners
claim that their blood is pure for practi?
cally six hundred years. This is where
many of the recent importation* come
America is the home of the trotting
horse, but horses are wanted for a great
many other reasons than for speed. No
man would think of riding a thoroughbred
race horse around the Park for speed, or
harnessing Maud S. to a brewery wagon.
Still, the main use for horses has always
been to transport men and loads. Ameri?
can buyers realized some time ago that
there was a good demand for coach,
draught and saddle horses. They tried to
t meet the demand by starting American
I strains, made by crossing common stock
with the racing and trotting stock. This
? was not successful. A breed of horses for
i a particular purpose cannot be created in
i one generation, or in three or four. The
? men who bought and used the horses came
' to find out that it cost no more to keep
horses that would draw twice the load, or
to keep a good coach pair than a poor one.
On the contrary, a sickly horse requires
more and more costly feed, and better care
and attention, than a hardy horse, well
adapted for his work. Then a draught
! horse bred to do his work can pull a greater
; load better and more surely. This led to
an investigation of the breeding stock of
; Europe, and resulted in the importation
of Percheron horses. There is a dispute
: going on now between American breeders
as to whether Percheron horses should be
: called Percherons or not. One set of
breeders claim that they should be called
, French draught horses, as tin-real Perch
j eron horse is not the big draught horse,
! but a sturdy smaller-sized animal. The
J Perch is one of the most fertile regions
j of France, and best adapted for the raising
i of stock. The first buyers from the
; United States used to get their stock
: there. Breeders in the other parts of
; France got into the habit of sending their
I stock to the Perch to be got into condition
j and sold to the buyers. In that way the
j French draught horse got the name ot
i Percherons. The early importations were
I Percheron stallions, which, crossed with
j common mares.make the ordinary draught
team of the better class. The French
draught horses were too valuable to be
used for draught purposes, and they were
kept on the farm. In a few years, though,
they may be found pulling drays on the
In New York it is not so much the first
j cost (of the horse that tells, but the
j amount of work a good horse can do. A
I draught horse, that can do the work of
? two ordinary horses is worth several
times as much as a pair. He does not re?
quire any more stable room than an ordi?
nary horse, or any more feed or care.
Then the truck can be loaded much more
heavily, and the time of the driver saved.
The cost of trucking comes mure in the
time that it takes to wheel the goods
around New York than in the cost of the
horses, and a horse that can pull twice
the load saves half the number of trips.
This means that he saves the time of one
truckman, and that a place which requires
two heavy trucks to do its work can get
along with one.
From France the American buyers made
excursions over Europe and Great Britain
to get horse that would suit them. They
found thai iu England most of the horses
for draught and coach purposes originally
came from the Continent. They went to
the source, and in Oldenburg. Germany,
they think they have found the oldest,
purest strains of draught and coach blood.
Oldenburg is on the North Sea, where a
great part of the laud has been made,
"the people farm and raise stock. They
have kept the pedigree of their horses for
several hundred years back. Pure-blooded
stock is the only kind known. The breed
has been pure so long that the only.way it !
could be deteriorated would be by the
introduction of inferior blood from with?
out. Oldenburgh draught and coach stal?
lions sell for from $1,000 to $.'?,o00 each:
but the mares are cheaper. Wifhin ten
years the business has grown until now
there arc several hundred mares and j
horses in this country. They are all regis- j
to red. An association of the breeders
has been formed, which looks after the
registration of all pure-blooded imported
draught and coach horses, anil which gives
certificates as to the blood and breeding
of their offspring. These certificates are
given when the breeder is known, and
when he swears that the foal comes from
stock already registered. Half-blooded
and three-quarter-blooded stock is not
recognized, except that a certificate may
be given about the pedigree of the sire.
Our breeding farms are sprinkled over
the Middle and Western States, and they
increase in number every year. Some are
co-operative, several farmer.- in a county
combining to import a few stallion and
improve the breed of their stock. Then
they get a few marcs, in order that they
may be sure of the pure strain from gen?
eration to generation. This makes a
noticeable improvement in the value of
the stock of the country. Where the or
; dinnry horses were worth from $80 to $1:20,
j the improved breed is worth from $|S."i to j
? $300. It is a sure source of income to the '
i farmers, as they can get good prices from
I the buyers, who speedily find out these
, neighborhoods and make the rounds once
; a year. The horses are sold usually when
I they are three or four years old. It costs
j no more to raise a *f-.'<ili horse than an $80
? horse: the difference is all profit. Many j
: of the farmers have found this out, and
that the raising of two or three draught
or coach horses a year may mean more
profit than is derived from all the crops oh
the farm. The horses are easily trans?
ported, as the buyers ship them by the
carload from the West to New York at an
expense of $10 to $:>0 each. The farmers j
might get better prices for the horses if
they were to place them iu the New York
market themselves, but their facilities for
doing this are not as good as those of the
buyers. The buyer picks up several hun?
dred horses, and makes as many matched
coach teams as he can out of them. Two
well-matched coach horses will sell for
three or four times as much of either of
them would bring singly.
A Prominent .Southern Congressman's Un?
complimentary Sketch of the Careers
of Some of its Leaders?Their
Object in Pushing the
Present Movement.
I Wasiiixotox. Aug., 1:2.?The Fanners'
: Alliance has opened a mammoth literary
bureau here, which will undoubtedly add
to the uneasiness already felt by the Con?
gressmen who are looking forward to a
renomiiiatiou, and who are opposed to the
theories advanced by the organization.
The bureau is an old dismantled church
in Ni'nth-st., and although the church is
large and roomy it has been found neces?
sary to secure additional quarters in an
adjoining building. In the old church
the official organ of the Alliance, ''The
National Economist," is printed. More
than 1110,000 copies are issued each week.
The subscription price is $1 per year, and
the circulation is confined to those who
pay for their paper.
In December, ISSff, a convention of the
Farmers' Alliance was held iu St. Louis,
which named "The Economist" as the
official organ of the order, and iu a recent
j issue "The Economist" stated that a
bond iu the sum of $50,000 had been given
to the president of the Fanners' Alliance
to insure the faithful performance (?fall
contracts and agreements entered into by
the publishers of the paper. The value of
this bond in law is questionable, inas?
much as the publishers of the paper in?
clude not only the president of the Alli?
ance, to whom the bond was given, but al?
so the secretary, the chairman of the Ex?
ecutive Board, and one or two other lead?
ers of the organization. These officials
also receive salaries from $,2,.">00 to $^5.tMH)
per year.
The Southern Congressmen are much
worried by the new organization. They
j now have a hunted look, and many of
them feel that the security they have so
long enjoyed is a thing of the past. "1
don't know how it is in the West." said a
. Southern Congressman, "but in my coun?
try these blatant demagogues that the
Farmers' Alliance send out will play the
! very deuce. I have not left Washington
i since last December, but the letters I get
I from home convince me that I am not go?
ing to have an easy time at the coiiveil
: tion to be held next mouth. The prima
j ries have been held, and all the delegates
j to the convention were elected with in
i striictions to vote for ,me as long as my
I name was presented. However," he said
i with a sigh and an imprecation, "I am in
i the hands of my friends: but if I am not
I nominated. I am not too old to make it
hot for those who play me false."
Another Congressman, who was a gal?
lant soldier on the Confederate side dur?
ing the Ian- war. and who has acquired a
reputation as one of the few able men of
i the South, went more into detail concern -
! iug the organization of the Farmers' Alli
j ance. He said: "When those theories of
; the Farmers' Alliance first gained promi
| nence I received from every part of my
I district appeals from the most intelligent
j men asking me to support the Sub-Treas
! ury bill. Out of deference to them I
t tried to reconcile the principles of my par
I ty inculcated by Jefferson with these radi
i cal ideas advocated by the Farmers'
i Alliance. I wanted to please my const it -
I uents and still maintain my self-respect:
i but I found that to do the one I had tofor
; feit the other. I don't want to attack
? the integrity of the motives, for I believe
I that my people are sincere in their belief,
j although not realizing the danger of the
I theories they are advocating."
! "The arguments presented by the head
j officer*.of tin' Farmers' AHiunfc arc ea$*
i tremely alluring, although specious ana
sophistical; and, as I knew they all had
their origin here. I determined to find out
the intention as well as the character of
the men who are wielding this powerful
influence. I knew that I could not get at '
the bottom of the plans myself, so I se?
cured the services of a man whom I could
trust to the work for me. From my'
agent I learned that the whole movement
is nothing more or less than a huge
money-making'scheme., run by a setof ad?
venturers, wh? had their political aspira
riitions almost irreparably damaged by
the gn at parties to which they belonged."
"The official organ which it .published
by these fellows will bring it about
$i7>.0(IO. The revenues" derived from the
sub-alliance* are great. All this money
is handled by these men. who receive
large salaries. What they do with it I don't
know, but the antecedents are strongly
against their making a proper counting of
it. I suppose, of course, the money they
get from the paper must lie theirs.
Hut the popularity of the paper was
gained through the endorsement of the
Farmers' Alliance, whose members were
induced to pledge themselves to take
IIMi.flOII copies of it annually."
"I can't characterize the methods of
these men too strongly. They have taken
every occasion and every means to create
dissension among the tanners. From
Washington they send out lecturers,
whose expenses are paid by the people
they bewilder. They present in glowing
terms the great advantages to he derived
by the combination of fanners and the in?
dorsement of the theories of the Alliance. .
The result is that the tanners all
over the South are wonderfully excited.
These lecturers are aided Im wornout poli?
ticians, who seize the opportunity to come
to the front again, and who hope to float
into ofliee on the topmost wave of this
movement. So far as I have been aide
to learn, it is not the object of these tuen
to work an independent movement. Their
plan is to concentrate all their energies
in creating a rupture in the ranks of the
dominant party. In the South il is in the
democratic party, and in the ?es! it is in
the republican party. No <me can over?
rate the popularity of this movement. It
is extremely powerful and far-1 caching."
??|)o you think il is a lasting move?
"No, I do not. Your history will tell
vein that the Know-Nothing party was not
long-lived, but while it was in existence
it created the greatest revolution in poli?
tics. Through it many congressmen were
elected,and a president was almost seated
; in the White House."
'?Do you feel at liberty to say what you
learned about the past history of these
\ leaders?"
"Yes. By making public the record of
these men I feel that I am doing a service
to the honest and intelligent men of the
country. To begin with, I her. is the
president of the Alliance, Colonel L, L.
Polk, of North Carolina. He is supposed
to be a planter, although he has'' been in
minor political offices ever since the war.
He is a shrewd, designing man, of great
capabilities, who organized twenty years
ago the movement in the Stale of which
this is the outgrowth. He is an accom?
plished, and persuasive talker, anil is in?
cessantly lecturing. 1 understand that he
is now in Kansas, doing his best to bring
about the defeat of Senator Ingalls. Polk
was a Democrat, and under the last ad?
ministration was an applicant for the
place of Commissioner of Agriculture. He
I was unsuccessful, and he attributed his
! failure to Senator Vance. North Caro
! lina is purely an agricultural Slate, and
j the farmers there are thoroughly imbued
with the ideas and theories advocated by
the Alliance. I would not be surprised to
see Colonel Polk succeed Mr. Vance in
the Senate. Polk is the purest of the
whole lot, but perhaps that is because he
is a fanatic.
"The 'head devil' of this secret oath
bound organization, however,is one Dr. C.
W. Macune. He is the chairman of tho
Executive Board and also of the Legisla?
tive Committee. He was born in Illinois,
where he studied medicine for a short
time. For some reason he left that State
and settled in California. He did not
stHy there long, but finally drifted down
in Texas. For a time this alleged doctor
practiced his profession at a small place
in Mr. Mills's district. He afterwards
went to Dallas and was made custodian of
the Farmers' Alliance warehouse there,
which was an enormous concern. In an
unaccountable and peculiar way the es?
tablishment failed, and its failure proved
disastrous to its patrons. The matter is
now in litigation. Macune had always
been a Republican, but he quickly em?
braced the theories of the Alliance. I
I suppose that the members of the AN
j liancc consider that Macune's integrity in
: the failure of the warehouse at Dallas was
I fully vindicated when he was made chair
i man of the most important committee of
: the Alliance. Macune is the man who in?
f vents the vile reports that are. sent out;
| from Washington, and who keeps the Al
! liauce in a state of frenzy by putting a
I false coloring on every piece of legisla?
"Terrill, of Texas, is the chief lecturer.
! He is another disappointed politician, who
has not been recognized by the party to
! which he belonged. I believe that he was
! once a Republican. Terrill is the man
i who promulgates the vicious reports
that emanate from Washington. General
' Humphrey is another lecturer. He says
' he was a brigadier-general in the Confed
, erate Army, but no one who served in
; the army ever heard of him. Humphrey's
work is ro organize 'nigger' lodges. A
' password and a grip have a great attrac
I tion for the colored people, and Hum
; phrcys has been exceedingly successful.
"With the exception of Polk, who is a
' small planter and a man of some means,
: these leaders arc a lot of impecunious fel?
lows who are anxious to get-into office,
j but whose sole desire at present is to
feather their nests at the expense of inno
1 cent men whom they have beguiled with
their arguments."
Knew HlmseLf.
It takes more than a knowledge of
i arithmetic sometimes to do a "sum in
"Do you know anything about figures.
I Uncle 'Ras?" said a merchant to an appli
; cant for work.
I "Yes sah."
i "Well, if I were to lend you $.">. and you
I promised to pay me $1 a month, how much
i would you owe me at the expiration of'
I three months?"
"Five dollars, sah."
i "I'm afraid you don't know much about
{ figures."
?'No, sah; but I specs I knows all about
j Uncle 'Rastus."?Youth's Companion.
H?*? Ciwc'ElM?'liere.'
i Accepted Suitor?But won't you find it
awkward. Blanche, when you meet your
first .husband in Heaven?
Pretty Widow?My dear George, I'm not
I a bit afraid of that ever happening.

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