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W. C. ROBINSON & CO.
Th* I.omlinit; .1 <>-.v?tri-9, BIG STONE CAP. VA. TONE WATCHES, CLOCKS, SILVERWARE. SPECTACLES, ETC. W.C. ROBINSON & CO, BIG STONE GAP, VA., FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 5,1890. NO THAT LA?!) BILL. The Row It Caused In the House Almost Resulting In a Fist Fight on the Floor. Disgraceful i.uiikiihxo und fnaultlnjc Kpl. thcla L'sed by Person* Supposed to !>?? Gentlemen. "LIAR,"-"D-D LIAR." (X. Y. SOU"* rel.nrl.) Tlu- com pound lard bill, so-called, is quite similar in its provisions lo the law placing an internal revenue tax <m oleo? margarine, and its advocates arc influ? enced bv quite similar motives of doing something to tickle the cockles of the honest farmer's heart. The bill seeks to make manufacturers of lard change their present brands to compound hud. sind places on the business burdensome regu? lations and internal revenue taxation, which,the manufacturers of pure lard say, will drive them from the tit-Id. The bil] is aimed more particularly at lard-compound which contains cotton-seed oil, which has grown rapidly in public estimation of late wars, and has threatened to force packers of lard cut of the market. The present bill, called the Conger bill, because its author is Representative Conger, of Iowa, is the latest development of the Dawcs bill, which began its career in congress three tears ago, when introduced by Sen? at"! Dawcs, ?'l Massachusetts. The origi nators of the Mil were John I'. Squire & Co., of Boston, ti>e largest pork packers and lard makers in the East. A strong lobby has been maintained here during these three years in control of Mr. Kimball, Squire's brother-in-law, and numberless hearings, both public and private, have been held by the agricultural committees of both the senate and the house. Several reports have als.? been made for and against the bill, but it has never before been btouglit t" n vote in either house. The obje< ts of the proposed legislation, as stated bj Representative Brdsius, who is in charge of the bill in the house and who reported it from the committee on agriculture, ate. in addition to obtaining revenue : First, to compel the branding of mixtures composed of ingredients other than lard, but made in the scmblaucc of and sold a* bird, so that consumers may be advised "! the nature of the article they purchase; second, to relieve the manufac? turers of pure lard <d' the unfair competi? tion of an imitation article made of cheaper ingredients and sold al a lower price; third, tu relieve, lo some extent, the ex? isting depression in the farming industry I caused in part by the displacement of a large and increasing amount of the pure fat of the hog by a spurious substitute put on the market under name and brand of the genuine article. Representative Wilson. <?! Kentucky, a member of the agricultural committee, who 1.ad lite temerity to make an elabo? rate minority report upon the bill, pre? sents a very aide argument against it passage. Kit0)1 m.m HAY'S I'ltOCEKDINGS. "I make i" pretensions to greatness as a legislator," began Mr. Cannon, "but my j young friend from New Jersey is a great legislator. Tn my experience with him in this house I have noticed one thing about him. He abounds in wind, nnd under pressure it goes out." Instant!? the house was in wild con? fusion. There Was u storm of laughter on the republican side, Staid old statesmen shook their sides and dapped each other on the shoulders in glee. On the demo? cratic side a half-dozen members were on their feet, endeavoring lo secure recogni? tion from th" chair. Among them was Mr. Enlow, .ii Tennessee. Amid the laughter of the republicans, und while Mr. Enlow was clamoring lot recognition, Mr; Ca ruth, of Kentucky, shouted that tin ladies in the galleries should be invited to retire. Olhei members made the same suggestion. Mr. McAdoo's voice rose above tin din, saying to Cannon: uIf you can afford to lei that go the record as h .specimen your .-table jockey wit. I can allbrd to leave ii there. 1 cannot indulge iu blackguardism with you. You ought to argue with a -table jockey. That is youi size." By this time seme of the republicans had perceived that Mr. Cannon's remark t??s not as funny as they had at first thought it. .uid several of them suggested to Cannon thai he withdraw it. "If the gentleman is annoyed by what I have said.' Cannon exclaimed, "I will with? draw the remark." A semblance id' ordc r b< ? 11lt restored, the speaker recognized Mr. Eulow, who de? manded thai Mr. Cannon's words be taken down under the rules. Speaker Heed hesi? tated. He tried t?i convince Eulow that lie had not made his point in time under the nil.-- Other business had intervened. "Um I was on my feel asking the recog? nition "t the chair. 1 omitted no effort to olit;iin thai recognition." Speaker Heed was in a quandary. If the. rule wa> applied, no one was more conscious than he that the result would be unpleasant for the offending members. The offensive words would be entered upon the journal, and handed down to posterity. But Mr. Reed was equal to the emergency. He ruled thai Mr. Enlow had n d taken his point of order in time undei Hie rule-, knowing that an appeal from tin- deeission of the chair would be sustained. But more trouble and more disgrace for the lion-.. ,ii representative was in store. While th, ;?11 was being called on sus? taining the decission of the Chair, Mr. Mason walked down the aisle and took a seat near Mr. Cannon. Mi. Mason had noticed hi- wile in the gallery, and lie was indignant that Mr. Cannon should have used such language in her presence nnd in the presence of other holies. "Cannon." h. exclaimed, "that was not tit language to use in tin- house with ladies sitting iu the gallery, if membecs ot your faniih instead of mine had been in the gallery you would not have said w ha! you did." "You are a damned liar," responded Cannon. "And you," Mason retorted, "'arc not only a liar hut a dirty tramp, and loafer or you would not have used such lan? guage iu public." Several members stepped between Ma? son and Cannon and thus averted what might ha\ e beeu a serious personal alterca? tion" But another quarrel was brewing. Within the sound of the voices of Mason and Cannon sal three men in a row. They were Wilson of Washington; Lehlbacb, of New Jersey, and Beckwith, also of New Jersey, and al] republicans. Lchlbach began u conversation about the merits of tue controversy which they had just over? heard between the statesmen from Illi? nois. W ilson remarked that in his judg? ment Cannon was M Bright; whereupon Beckwith s lid hir name had been included in the "black list" contained in Cannon's preamable, and he thought it a dirty piece of business. "You ought to be happy to get your name in the Record once in a while," said Wilson. "This is the first time I huv scon it printed for some weeks." "I have been here as much as you have," retorted Beckwith. "Von are a liar," said Wilson. "And you are a lying -," '? exclaimed Beckwith. I In a twinkling both Beckwith and Wil? son were on their feet. The latter has a i reputation as a fighter, and he justified it by getting in the first blow. Reaching over Mr. L?hlbach, he planted a light one on the breast of his antagonist, and Mr. Beckwith endeavored to counter, but was prevented hv the interposition of L?hl? bach. A hundred members sprang to their feet land the house was in an uproar. Gov. Gear, of Iowa, was sitting directly behind Beckwith writing letters, and he seized J the New Jersey member and held him. j while L?hlbach did as much for Wilson. I Then Mr. Williams, of Ohio, a large man j with a smooth face, rushed up and caught I Beckwith by the shoulder and yanked him j nearly oft" his foot by endeavoring to I thrust the belligerent into hin sent. ' At this unexpected assault from behind, j Beckwith, not knowing but that a new enemy had entered the ring, turned on Williams and would have hit him in the face but for the efforts of (Jen. Ocar to prevent him. Williams explained that his only desire was to avert the trouble on the lloor, and that he would have seized the [other man if he could have reached him. ROBBED AN I,. & X. TRAIN. Highwaymen Hold up the Train mid Kob the Kxprcs* Messenger, Mobile, Ala., Sept. :i.?(Special.)?The Louisville & Nashville Cannon Ball train, north-bound, was hold up near Pcnsucola ?Iunction, forty miles above Mobile, by Robbers, who entered the express ear and compelled the messenger to turn over the contents of his safe. It is not known at this time (he extent of the robbery. After having secured the valuables the robbers escaped to the woods. The first news of (he robbery received in Mobile by the railway officials was very meagre. The train was held up about half a mile above Plantation Junction and the people there knew very little of what j occurred, for the train was delayed seven minutes only and there was not much I chance of learning what had occurred. Later.?A party has loft Flomaton, and another posse lias loft Mobile in pursuit of 1 the robbers. Sumo surprise is expressed here that the robbers selected this partic? ular train, as it is well known that the other trains carry the most of the express money, No. ?, the robbed train, carrying very little at anytime and a small amount on this occasion. It is said Rube Burrows was recently seen in Florida, and there is a possibility that lie ordered the assem? bling of his gang at Flomaton and joined thorn there to superintend the proper con? duct of uffi its. but this robbery looks more like the work of the celebrated Cap? tain Bunccr. Carolin examination by express officials ' shows that only a portion of the packages in 'he express safe in the car which was robbed on the Loui>-\ille& Kashvillc this j morning w:>s taken and the loss is not ! over $200. FARMERS' NATIONAL CONGRESS. The Ruaolutlonn Adopted?To Meet Some, where In Missouri Next Year. At the third and last day's session of the Farmers' National Congress at Coun? cil Bluffs, Iowa, on Thursday a vote was ? aken to select the State in which the next meeting should be hold. Of all the States but three were named. The result of the vote was: Colorado. 4*: Illinois, 7 I; Missouri, 138. It was decided to allow the Missouri delegation to select its own city, the promise being that it would not be St. Louis or Kansas City. The date was fixed as the second Tuesday after the first Monday in November,1891. The result of the Fanners' Congress embodies itself in Hie work of the com? mittee on resolutions. This committee has hold long BCSSiotiS, and the discus sions were earnest, calm and dignified. From the first vote it was evident (hat the 1 committee was divided on the strict linos of the two systems of political economy now being discussed at all the political meetings in this country. One part be? lieved in the republican party. The other declared that depression was grvat, and that the remedies were a greater volume of the circulating medium and a groat re? form in the tariff*. A great many resolutions were aeted upon, some of them of a very radical character, but the following are the only ones which received the approval of the committee: "Resolved, That we demand of Con? gress most liberal appropriations for the improvement by all practical means of our interior waterways which shall make them instead of sources of destruction to large sections of our country, useful as groat national highways for commerce and trade. Wo demand the unlimited coinage of silver, the abolition of the national banking laws, the refusal of our national government to extend the char? ters of national banks now in existence, and the issuance of lull legul tender treasury notes, in lieu of national bank notes, in sufficient volume to meet the business demands of the country and the constantly increasing demand of trade. "Resolved, That we are in favor of a constitutional amendment making United States Senators elective by the people. We believe that the farmer is paying more than his just proportion of taxes; there lore we favor a graduated income tax law, to the end that the incomes of the wealthy may bear their share of govern? mental support. "Resolved, That this Congress secure the amendment of the patent laws so that the exclusive use of an invention be lim? ited to ten years. "Resolved, That at the Columbian ex? position to be held at Chicago in 1893, the agricultural and horticultural interests should be most prominently and grandly represented and to that,end it is recom? mended that the various state legislatures make liberal appropriations for the credit? able exhibition of the agricultural and horticultural resources and possibilities of their respective states." The delegates go on an excursion to Denver und vicinity to-day. A Hint to Our Republicans. (Washington Special.) WjUUuxoTox, I). c\, Sept. :t.?Congressman Bailey Uroe no. i>f Virginia, who was yesterduy reuotninated tit Kredericksburg, not allow hi* convention to endorse the Force hi'l, as he Is opposed to the iit? famous measure, ami would not vote tor It when it passed the House, though he did not vote against it. ii" simply dodged. There baa been much comment here that bis convention declined la endorse the bill, and that it lew Ignorant negroes got together alter (lie convenUon was over and howled for the election law. It would heeui thul only negroes are really ram punt tor the law in the South. Mlddleaborouirh'H Highwayman. Miiuii.EssoKocuu, Ky., Sept. 3.?Deputy Sheriff Lea Turner captured yesterday Will Jones, a* member of the notorious gang which is hiding lu the mountain fastness near the bead of Ketmclt's Fork of Yellow creek, Jones wus arrested on the chnrge of highway robbery. From what tan be learned lie held up a young man t>y the name of Turner, and, with a pistol presented at the tatter's head, made him give up everything be had in hi* possession. Jenes is now In the city Juli, und will be taken to Ilneville to-day. A Hung Jury. The trial of Mac Uobbius fur the murder of the negro Mose Wade, took place at Wise court-house last week and resulted In a hung jut?. INDUSTRIAL MISCELLANY. News About all Our Enterprises and How They are Pro? gressing. The Situation Brightening Every Day and Substantial Progress Made. SOME SUGGESTIONS. Every day's developments becomc'more j and more encouraging to tliosc interested I in the growth of Big Stone Gap. Mr. jTaggart, the manager of the Virginia j Coal & Iron Company, drew last week his first charge of coke from the oven that j had recently been finished, and he is de? lighted with its quality. It has a steel? like look and a metallic ring, is firm and possesses superior cellular properties. The S. A. & 0. switch will soon reach the company's openings and the work of con? structing ovens will be pushed as rapidly as possible. Mr. Taggart chafes under the delays which arc enforced by a lack of transportation, and scents eager to com? mence operations on a large scale. His company have invested very heavily, and to realize a fair interest on the amount, they must curry on very extensive opera? tions. "The cost of production," says Mr. Taggart, ??diminishes in proportion to the extension of the works, and the greater the product the greater the profit." Tilt TIMBER. A representative of the Post met Capt. J. J. Wolfe, of Clay & Wolfe, lumber dealers, who own an immense body of timber throughout this section. Captain Wolfe has had long experience in the business and is thoroughly familiar with its details. When asked what he thought of the estimate made by the POST last week; that the removal of the timber from the Vir? ginia Coal & Iron Company's lands alone would put in circulation $15,000,000 iu ten years, or $1,500.000 per niinum, he said at first blush he thought the estimate ex? cessive; but as the company propose to dispose of all the timber that can be utilized, including second grade lumber as well as the first grade, the calculation was a fair one. "All grades of timber are advancing in the market," he said, "and especially poplar, and the company have an immense quantity of first-class poplar. That on the northern slopes of the moun? tains," he added, "is particularly fine." TIIK I'LAXIXi; MILL. When asked about his planing mill plant, he said nearly all the machinery had been received and put up, and opera? tions would commence in a few days. " We already have a number of orders," he added, "and the part ii s are waiting on us." THE DttlCK rXAXT. Mr. Parsons arrived from Louisville Wednesday, and has been hard at work with Mr. Gephardt, getting the brick plant in order. Extensive sheds are being built to protect the brick ?Vom bad weather. Operations will commence Monday, and the plant will be worked to its utmost capacity. The clay is of superior quality; and as the parties have had long experi? ence in the business, the brick will be first-class. THE KCUNACE. Machinery for the furnace has been coming in. The. switch to the furnace grounds is completed. Three large boilers, sixty-two feet in length and forty-four inches in diameter, arrived one day this week. It was feared the two cars on which the" were placed, could not be brought around the curves of the road, but they arrived without accident. The boilers were the most difficult purl of the plant to be transported. the Tl'XXEL. Captain Cordon, chief engineer of the tunnel survey, has made a careful exami? nation of black mountain, going with Captain Walkeron foot, with considerable difficulty, over the route and perspiring freely. He says the tunnel can be cut much easier and cheaper than he sup? posed, and the one through Black moun? tain will be just twenty feet more than a mile. He estimates that the cost will not reach anything like the amount supposed, nnd the grade will be only sixty-six feet to the mile. The tunnel through Pine mountain will be even shorter, and con? sequently cheaper, though he has not yet made a thorough examination of that part of the route. TUE ELECTRIC L101IT has been in operation for some days, and gives entire satisfaction. The lights have even exceeded expectation, and are being generally introduced in private houses as well as the hotels and stores. 'iny. ni'Mxir link is being pushed, the track having been laid to the corner, near Duff's hotel. As soon as it is completed to the lntermont, a grand excursion will be made up the Gap. OTHER IMPROVEMENTS are projected. Negotiations are pending for the construction of a $25.000 union depot. Mr. H. F. Smith and a party of investors will be here next week, and arrangements will doubtless be completed for the construction of the building at once. The immediate construction of sidewalks has been decided on by the council, and as soon as the contracts are let, that work will begin, so before the winter months we shall have a general system of side? walks completed, and a dummy line ex? tending through the city, which will deliver both passengers and freight along the entire route. A SUGGESTION. What Big Stone Gap needs is money. To gvt this some one should be kept in the East, where the money center is? some one who can upproach and get the ear of capitalists. Every town in the South is advertising, each claiming the earth, or at least superior advantages over every other town. It is impossible for capitalists to discriminate between the merits of different localities by reading their prospectuses. They must be per? sonally approached, and ii Mr. James W. Fox, who has many friends in the East, and who can secure an acquaintance with any one he may wish to approach under the most favorable auspices, will consent to spend several mouths there, those interested iu Big Stone Gup should certainly be willing to pay his ex? penses. The amount thus appropriated could not possibly be used to better advantage. THE BONl? EXCHANGE. So far as heard from, the bondholders are agreeing to the exchange of their bonds for stock, so us to enable the Big Stone Gap Improvement Company to carry on its negotiations with the English. Two parties from the East, with seventy-five or one hundred bonds apiece, a corporation the second largest holder of these secu? rities, another party, the largest individual holder, all assent, and the matter seems to be a go. If so, the $1,000,000 of English money should soon be here ready to aid us. BOOM IN NORFOLK. Largo Transactions in Real Estate, Involving; Millions of Dollars. (Norfolk Special.) Norfolk, Va., Sept. 4.?Since the first I of the year recorded sales of real estate in Norfolk and vicinity have aggregated over $4,000,000 and unrecorded probably $2,000,000 more, and along with this activ? ity in real estate is the permanent and substantial development going on around this port, and which will one day create a wonderful prosperity in this section of Tidewater Virginia. The five railroads having their termini here have brought about this progressive condition of things by Wringing capitalists here and getting them interested in the country. The pres? ent year will witness the completion of a number of new industries, and it is esti? mated that there will be at least 1,000 dwellings and stores erected in this vicin? ity this year, together with costly improve? ments of companies and corporations. Nearly 1,500 hales of new cotton have been received at this port so far, against one or two hales as compared with last year. The season is opening two weeks earlier than usual, and the staple will be rushing to market next week. The flagship Richmond will be placed in* the dry dock at the Navy Yard to? morrow, and a board of survey, consisting of one line officer and the master workmen of the yard, will go over her and estimate the cost of repairs necessary for her next cruise. The Richmond was repaired at this yard a little over two years ago. Norfolk's net receipts of cotton for the season of 1880-0. which ended to-day, was 404,051) bales, the reduced receipts being on account of the crop failure in North Carolina last vear. Norfolk is expected to handle from"000,000 to 700,000 bales the coming season. - A Preference for Black. Norfolk, Sept. 3.?In noticeable con? trast with the Democratic administration is the crowding of the navy-yard with the negroes to the exclusion of white men, even of many white. Republicans, who ap? ply in vain "for leave to toil" but are shoved aside for influential blacks, the colored brothers who have "a pull" in the church or among the societies, and are considered competent to he!]) Mr. Bowden in regaining his seat in Congress. Later on it is thought they will be so thick as not to be able to keep out of each other's way. Nearly all the accidents that hap? pen now are among the colored laborers. When the Democrats had charge the only negroes in the yard were the messen? gers and servants of the ollicers, and white Republicans were always called in in preference to the colored Republicans, for hereabouts the Democrats believe that this government is "a white man's govern? ment." The force at work in the yard is being gradually increased daily, and n number of m< chanies and laborers went in this morning. Of course these men are employed mainly on the new ships. Quite a thousand men in the different de? partments are now on the rolls of the yard. S KVT LED AT LAST. The Mississippi Constitutional Convention Settles the Sud'rajro Question. (Jackson Sj>- rial.) Jackson, Miss., Sept. V>.?The com? mit ice on the elective franchise practi? cally completed its labors to-day. The plan of the suffrage agreed upon embraces the modification of the Australian-ballot system known us tin." Dorch law. a resi? dence of two years in the state, of one in the voting precint. the prepayment of a poll-tax of $'2. and qualified woman suf? frage based upon (he possession by her, or husband if married, of real property to the value of $'200. The property ((unification has been abandoned, and an educational qualifica? tion is provided for limited to the ability of the voter to understand the constitu? tion when read to him. The convention met at 3:30 p. in., and under the call of the counties a number of resolutions were read and referred. The committee on convict's asylum sub? mitted its report, which was made a special order for next Tuesday. It pro? vides that on and al'ter January 1, Ifeii"-, the practice of leasing or hiring convicts in the state shall cease forever. It also provides for the abandon men t of the present state penitentiary ami the estab? lishment of a prison farm in its stead. A reformatory school, constant separation of the sexes ami the keeping of juvenile offenders from association with hardened criminals are also provided for. Later,?To avoid division over the re? port of the committee, the convention agreed to dispose of otner parts of the report before taking up that relating to woman suffrage. An Important Industry. Augusta, Ga., Sept. 2.?A company has been formed hero to work the fibre of the cotton stalk into a wrap for cotton bales. The capital stock of the company will at the beginning be $500,000, but the charter gives the privilege of increasing this to $"?,000,000.* The process will necessitate decorticating machines near the fields where there is a supply of clear running water. Here the stalk is quickly changed into batting, and can then be baled and shipped to the factories, where it will bo spun and woven, after which it is ready to be rolled and sent to the market. Until beyond question it is settled that cotton stalk bagging is in every way acceptable and desirable us a covering for the fleecy staple the operation will be confined to Augusta. Rut it is claimed by those in the secret that but one season will be re? quired to demonstrate this fact. A num? ber of these decorticating machines will be scattered about in the counties in Georgia and South Carolina convenient to the Augusta factory; The cotton stalk yield of a field, it is calculated, is sufficient to cover a three-years yield of cotton on the same area. Alluding to the Organiza? tion of the company, the Augusta Chroni? cle says: "It will be a grand day for the South when the cotton stalk can be decor? ticated and made up into a flexible and durable fibre." The Kentucky Union Deal. Louisville, Kv., Sept. 4.?For some time past thcro has been a generally accepted report that the East Tennessee, Virginia & Georgia Railroad Company was after the Keutucky Union railroad, and it is now stated that the deal has been con? summated, and that it will be announced in a few days. President F. D. Carley, who practically owns the Kentucky Union, is in New York, and nothing definite cun be learned of the report here. Mr. Leon T. Rosengarten, secretary of the road, stated yesterday that if any such transfer had been made he was in ignorance of it. It would be effected, he said, in New York. He did not know any? thing of offers made for the new property, but said that the work was being pushed ahead all along the road, improving it in every possible way. Southwestern Virginia Fair. The executive committee of the Southwest Virginia Fair Association has decided upon October 1st, 2a and 3d fur holding the fair at Wyiheville. The premium lists are now in the bands of the printer and will soon be distributed. The programme promises to be an especially attractive QBt. CAKOLINATORN UP. Political Factions to Fight to the Death, all of which Treateus the Supremacy of the Democratic Party. WHAT HAMPTON SAYS. (Columbia Special.) Columbia. Sept. ;t.?The political situa? tion to-day in South Carolina is not with? out danger to the continuance of demo? cratic supremacy. Two factions divide at present the regular democracy, and. with an overwhelming ldaek vote constantly menacing the control of the whites, di? vision means defeat and retrogression. The movement led by Capt. B. R. Tillman, of Edgcficld county, has grown to such proportions that it now virtually controls the machinery of the party, and it ap? parently has the majority of the white voters. Both parties claim to he the only true democracy, hut in political parlance they are known as Tillmanites and "straightouts" or aati-Tillmanites. The differences between them are serious and seem irreconcilable. Personalties more or less offensive have been indulged iu freely by speakers and the press, and un? doubtedly there is much soreness and re? sentment. Senator Wade Hampton did not pour oil on the troubled waters during his visit in July, but widened the breach. The adherents of Tillman indignantly re? sent his description of their leader as the "Mahone" of South Carolina. The Tillman movement is not of yester? day. It originated in the summer of 1885. It was then called "the farmers move? ment." Capt. Tillman introduced at a meeting of the State Agricultural and Mechanical Society held in 1885 a resolu? tion which declared that the farming class should have a larger representation on the state board of agriculture. He sup? ported it iu a speech which was among his earliest efforts. His resolution was voted down by a large majority. He then expressed determination to continue the agitation. Prior to that meeting he was not known beyond the limits of his coun? ty. In the latter part of ISS.") he pub? lished in the News and Courier a series of articles which attracted much attention. He did not confine himself to a consider? ation of the interests of the farmers, but demanded reformation in the state gov? ernment. He did not charge corruption, but extravagance, and urged that a con? vention of Farmers and those who favored his views be held. A convention was ac? cordingly held in April, 1886, and "the farmers' movement," as it was then chris? tened began. In sonic of the counties of the state the measures advocated by Till? man (one of which was a seperatc agricul? tural college) were made issues in the election held that year for members of the legislature. The farmers' movement was represented iu the legislature of Is*<> by a fair proportion of members. Several measures advocated by Tillman were in? troduced, but all failed. The tight was, however, continued, and Tillman gained steadily. In the legislature of 1888-'89 the Tillmanites secured the establishment of a college for the education "!' farmers' sens. The state had now been aroused by the Tillman movement, and ;t was evident that a neu and strong element had en? tered activity into state politics. Nothing further of moment occurred until the executive committee of the farmers' movement in February last called a con? vention to meet here the following month for the purpose of "suggesting a state ticket." All but one or two counties were represented in the convention, and it con? tented itself with "suggesting" but two candidates. It named Captain Tillman for the governorship and also "suggested"' a candidate for the lieutenant-governor? ship. It was declared that the action of the convention was subject to ratification by the regular nominating convention of the democratic party. Subsequently the executive committee of the rcgtilar democ? racy arranged a preliminary canvass for the nomination tor governor, and Gen. John Bratton. of Fairfield county, and Col. Joseph H. Katie, of Suniter, entered the liJts. It became thus a triangular con- j test. The campaign lasted eight weeks' and was one of the most heated and bitter ever held in South Carolina. When the convention met on the 18th instant it was found that Tillman hud carried thirty out of thirty-five counties in the state, and that the vote iu the convention stood 2U1 for Tillman and 5LI anti-Tillman, showing a majority of xil.fj for Tillinau. The ses? sions of the convention were stormy and only the coolness of old heads prevented bloodshed. The anti-Tillmanites left the convention and set up independently. The convention adjourned to meet on the 10th of September, and it is a foregone con? cession that Captain Tillman will be nominated for governor. It remains to be seen what action his opponents will take. Senator Butler has been called in as peacemaker. He is experienced iu polities and diplomicy, but his task is a difficult one. The democrats of South Carolina realize the absolute necessity for united action. The Tillmanites deny the charge that they are not true democrats, and express their belief in their ability to elect their candidate. Meantime the re? publicans are waiting and watching. They may take advantage of any breach, and counsel and aid from republicans at the North will not be wanting. The legis? lature to be elected in November will elect a successor to Senator Hampton. Capt. Tillman has expressed admiration for him, but fears that he may be sacrificed are entertained. His high character and the great value of his services to South Carolina are universally recognized, but ambitious politicians may seek to displace him. A Tillman delegate offered in the recent convention a resolution denying the truth of reports of contemplated re? pudiation of the State debt, and declaring that it was "a subject of primary impor? tance," but other business was uppermost in the minds of the delegates and the res? olution was referred. A new generation of political leaders is coming forward iu the state, and Captain Tillman is now foremost among them. He is a successful farmer and is about 4:2 years of age. His education was limited, but he lias been a diligent reader and is spoken of as being well informed. He is regarded as one of the most effective stump sneakers in this state. He i.^ now a prominent figure, and his future will he Watched with interest. The governor of South Carolina is elected biennially. A brother of Captain Tillman is now in congress, but has never held office. No Compromise. ('iVa-.Iiinitial Special.) I Senator Wade Hampton is not disposed to accept the decree of the recent demo? cratic conference held in Columbia as a final solution of the political problem in South Carolina. Referring to the subject yesterday he said the reports of the recent conference were misleading, and no com? promise had been reached. On the con? trary hostilities between the Tillman and anti-Tillman factions tire going on with the same vigor as heretofore. The real fight, saya Senator Hampton, will take place at the nominating convention, September 10. The chairmuu of tha reg? ular democratic state committee and the opposing chairman, selected by the Till? man faction; will each claim the right to call the convention to order, and a con flict of authority will probably ensue. Under the circumstances Senator Hamp? ton fears there will be considerable trouble in the old Palmetto state before Tillman is formaly declared the democratic can? didate for governor. The veteran war? rior und statesman realizes that the Tillmanitus arc after his senatorial toga, and he is loth to give it up without re? sistance. FINANCIAL. New Yottic, Sept. 3.?Now that the labor troubles are out of the way and the money market again brought to a condi? tion of positive case, there is a growing disposition in Wall street to look upon the hopeful side of the situation. While there is not yet any marked disposition to operute on the long side to any extent, the feeling is more generally bullish than at any time since the spring boom was on, and the stocks being all in strong hands arc held most firmly. The market, therefore displays a decidedly firm tone on the small volume of business. SOMETHING LIKE A BOOM. To-day there was something liken boom at the opening and sales made at material advances over Saturday's final figures, the gains generally extending to % per cent, while sugar was up to l^g per cent. The number of stocks traded in was late, and the strength reached all portions of the list, although further gains, especially in the general list, were insignificant. LONDON A FACTOIl IX THE ADVANCE. London was a moving factor in the ad? vance and some commission buying helped curly gains, but the demand was soon sat? isfied, and dulnuss becoming again a feature traders were again encouraged to take the short side, especially us there was an effort to bid up money which, however, was unsuccessful, and rates im? mediately dropped back to the lowest of the day. The action of Rock Island in announcing a reduction in rotes after a delay was ordered led to the impression that insiders were working for lower prices and that the stock would be easily marked down. It was, therefore, made the object of special pressure and from 86"? it was rattled oft" at 83l? NEWS FROM ROME. Singular Complications in the Imperial City?A Crisis and a Scandal. [Now York .Sun's Home Letter.] The financial situation in Rome is grow? ing daily more serious and sensational. The development that is predicted is the collapse of the fortune of Prince Schirra. the great Roman noble. Schirra, during the building movement in Rome, mort? gaged his estate, which is valued at 20,000, 000 francs, for *>,000,000 francs, and since the financial crisis finds it impossible to redeem his property. The bankers who hold the mortgages at seven per cent are pressing him for payment; so that, unless he obtains assistance soon, a crash of one of the oldest Roman families must ensue. This catastrophe will be of more than lo? cal interest, since it will probably involve the breaking up of the well-known Schirra gallery of paintings, which contains the famous "Violin Maker" of Raphael. An incident of this possible calamity is the difficulty that has arisen between Pre? mier Crispi and the leading Italian Jour? nal, the Tribuna. in which Schirra is a large owner. It is alleged in Ministerial circles that Crispi has a letter from the editor of the Tribuna making a proposal for an alliance which the Premier declined. Crispi has threatened the Tribuna with the publication of this letter, and that journal, as a matter of retaliation, sent agents to Palermo, where the present Mine. Crispi formerly resided, to look up her antecedents. These agents profess to have discovered that the lady, who was a widow when she married Crispi, had lived with him before the death of her husband, and the Tribuna promises to make things unpleasant for the Premier and his wife unless the compromising letter of its ed? itor is returned. The present Mine. Crispi is the third wife of that gentleman, and he was obliged to make threats to enforce her reception at court, particularly as Ro? man society is not positive that death or law has divorced him from the other two. Apropos of this circumstance, it is re? lated that when Crispi called the recent travels of the Prince of Naples "a voyage in search of a wife," the Queen placidly remarked that "the Prince, at least, was not searching for three." Crispi, in con? sequence, is not in favor with the Queen; and the Roman people are indignant be? cause he has appointed a royal commis? sioner to conduct their municipal affairs, and dismissed the town couucil of Rome by reason of a pitched battle iu that body, brought about and largely participated in by the Duke of Sermoneta, one of the richest and possibly, ablest nobleman iu Italy, who is well known throughout Eu? rope as the former president of the Italian Geographical Society. The present conditions in Rome have been brought about by the extravagance of the administration of the vast public works, that have brought so many thou? sands of laborers to the city. The gov? ernment at present has not money enough to continue these works; and, unless some plan is devised to meet the situation, a great financial crash must soon result. Our Big; Cities. The population of the ten principal cities of the United States is returned as follows: New York.1,029,227 Chicago.1,086,000 Philadelphia....1,040,499 Brooklyn. 816,000 Baltimore. 437,500 St. Louis. 435,000 Boston. 417,000 Cincinnati. 316,000 Sun Krancisco. 300,000 Pittsburgh. 250,000 Had to Resign. Washington, D.O., Sept. 4.?Tbc Kaum iuvestigatiou yesterday developed some Interesting points. A mem? ber ot tbe investigating committee was compelled to resign, his ownership ot stock lu tbe famous refrigerator company having been discovered. Tan? ner, an employe of the pension ofUce, testified that lie hail beeu conducting tbe company's business in part during oOlee hours. The allegation that the compuny was designed simply to serve ?* a profitable channel for disposing of the commissioner's influence in settling pension cases was not elucidated. Nashville's Defaulting Teller. (Special to Knoxvilli; Journal.) Nashville, Texx., Sept. 3.?Frank M. Alleu, the defaulting teller of tbe Capital City Bauk, to-day tilled a bill against K. W. Dunham k Co. and the members of the Arm, to recover about fti,000 lost ou Rock Island during lbe past few mouths. In his bill Allen charges thai while Dunham k Co. claim to do a -trictly stock brokerage business, the deals are ex? actly tbe .same as in bucket ?hops. Entertainment at Middlesborongh. Middlksbobocoh, Kv., Sept. 1.?A desperate duel between Marsh Turner and Steve WarricS, Wednesday iiigbt, resulted in the death of Warrick and the fatal wounding of Turner. The two men fought like demons tor Sfteen minutes, Turner using a revolver and Warrick a bowie kulfe. A hundred men wit? nessed the battle, but were powerless to interfere. MAKXII tcrseb DEAD. - MiunuKSBcaucou, Kv., Sept. 3.?Marsh Turner died early this morning from the effect., of the terrible wounds received last Wodnesday night from the mur? derous knife of Steve Warrlck. Mall Route to Whiteaburg. (TYhitesburg Mountaineer.) Upon the endorsement by Hon. John II Wllsou ot tbe petition beaded by the signature of Wm. H. Nickel? a mail route has beeu established from Wh ltet.hu rg by <vay oil Hurt ride to Big Stone Gap, Vs., fraqueney six times a week each way. A contract has been awarded for service on said route from the 1st ci Sspumtxr. FRENCH AND EVERSOLE. They and Ten of Their Follower* Arev: Taken to Winchester, Ky., to be Tried for Murder. PRECAUTIONS AGAINST A RESCUE. (Special by Courier.) Winchester, Sept. 2.?Captain Gaither, commanding the troops sent to Perry county, arrived here to-day in charge of sixteen prisoners, four of whom have been convicted for felonies and sentenced to the penitentiary. The other prisoners are B. F. French, George and John Eversole, Joe Davidson. Jesse Field, W. B. Smith, Jno. Jones, Green Morris, Frank' Polly, Joe Rawlins, Ed Combs and Wes Whitaker. Henry Fugit, a lad, was also among the number. These men are the leaders of the French and Eversole factions, and are charged with murder. They were brought here under a strong guard and every precaution taken against a rescue. When the party reached Jack? son the sheriff of Pern- county, who is believed to be a friend to the French fac? tion, took French, Fields and Davidson who are French followers, from the jail to his room and said he would guard them there. Capt. Gaithcr ordered a detail of soldiers to take the men back to prison, and he placed a guard around the jail for the rest of the night. The arrest of the men was made quietly at Hazard, just before the adjournment of court, and there was no resistance. But the accused did not expect to be taken to Clarke county for trial. The judge of the circuit court in this district is one who rigidly enforces the law; and, though the prisoners do not seem seriously to appre? hend conviction, they evidently do not relish the change of venue. French has heretofore expressed a desire to be tried, but not in Clarke county. There wut< no trouble on the journey and ? the prisoners have kept up their spirits, even joking with each other in the Win? chester jail. Both French and George Eversole are young men and of unusual intelligence. French talks freely aud talks well. Any one who will listen to his account of the feud must have a degree of sympathy for him. There is little doubt that most of the party will be convicted and sentenced to long terms in the penitentiary, and possi? bly a few of them will hang. ACCOUNT ok an akrest. (Louisville Special.) Word has been received here from Hazard, Perry county, Kentucky, of the arrest of the notorious Jack Brewer. He is one of the leaders in the French faction. He is a dangerous murderer and is said to have killed four men. The officers are afraid of him, and have never made any effort to push the one case on which he was arrested. Under the old regime he was allowed to give bail and MrsrSarah Davidson, an old woman ot' sixty years, went on his bond. The energy displayed by Judge Lilly, frightened Brewer and he determined to leave the State. Mrs. Da? vidson, not caring to lose the bond she had given for Brewer's apprehension,after all the men had refused to arrest him, de? termined to do so herself. Armed with a Winchester and several revolvers, eh ? started towards Brewer's Lome, lie heard of her coining and sought refuge iu flight. The old lady followed him through the woods, and after a twenty-four hours' chase,came up with him aud at the muzzle of her rifle forced him to surrender. Securely binding him she marched him back to Hazard, and he now occupies a cell iu the jail. The Lovely Sunol. (New York Sun.) The lovely Sunol's mile on Saturday in sJ'.lU1-., furnishes very strong support for the theory advocated last year in a letter to the Sun by a noted observer of horse? flesh known as HankComstock. His idea was that the growth of a horse is not a march of uninterrupted improvement. There seems tu bo a certain culmination of the powers of immaturity at three years of age; and then for another twelve months, or during the four-year-old form, there is arrest, if n il retrogres? sion in development, after which the ani? mal starts upward again into the fullness of its strength. Sunol's failure on Sat? urday to beat her three-year-old record, although she equaled it, is, so far us the season has gone, a very interesting con? firmation of this theory. Miss Lee's Memory. (New York World.) Mix Mary Lew, the youngest daughter ot General 1). E. Lee, possesses a wonderful memory for faees hihI names. Eveti a casu>j acquaintance met years before is not forgotten, and meeting him several years afterwards she ut once speaks his name and recalls all their details of their former meeting. Miss Lee came from Egypt t?> witness the unvailiug of the statue of her father. She has spent the last live years in Portugal, France, Russia and the Island of Madeira. She is a tall woman, of distinguished presence, and possesses that vivacious charm of manner and bril 'iancy of conversation which are Nature's best gift to her ?ex. Miss 1ah> will remain In America visiting friends in the South until next Spring, when she will tail for Rome. The English Army Rifles. (London Letter in New York Sun.) There is u nice little present on the w ay to Secretary Redtleld Proctor from British Secretary fur War Stanhupe. It Is u sample ul the new English service rille, enclosed ill u M specially made of polished wood, silver mounted, and bearing a friendly Inscrip- i tlon. The rifle has lk-en secured fur the British army at enormous cost, it was selected after iiitiuile pains, and Is presumably the best in the world. It is of small bore, but being served with a steel-clad leaden bullet, with a special powder, St curries an incredible distance. It i.s claimed for it that It will carry iu bullet with u certain amount ot accuracy and 'cer? tainty for a distance of two miles. The Fire at CUnchport. (Bristol News.) We learn that the loss to the South Atlantic X Ohio Railruad Company, by the burning of the depot at Clluel port Friday night, will amount to something like live thousaud dollars for g.sids that were in the .building. The dep a building, we learn, was fully insured. It is thought that the cause of the tire was from rats and matches, there being a good many matches stored in the building at that Urne. Tue agent, Jjhn Gunther, Jr., who was sleeping upstairs, made a narrow escape, having to jump out of a wind \v after being quite severely burned about the face, neck and hands. In addition to his burn, hi had the misfortune to have one arm broken in his fall from the window. And for iHk Stone Gap, (Louisville Post.) Money i< getting rasler, and the Southern corre? spondents of the local banks write most encouragingly of crops and trade prospects. Th; . insures a good Kali business for Louisville merchant!. Some Worth 93,000 a Foot. The MarquU of Salisbury, the premier ot Great Britain, owns SO.O?O acres of laud in England. As much of it lies within the corporate limits of London, he la enormously rieb. A Live Town. Tho vote in Johnson City, Tenn.,on the 20th nit., for street Improvements and schools, was a? follow*; For street improvements, 508; against, 76. Fur schools, 567; against, C3. Gronor and Mahone. (Washington special.) Generai Gruner, of Norfolk, who is here, ?ys he 1? taking no part at present in politias, but It is tho pre? vailing belief that he will when Mahone makes another move. W. H. Nickels & Co. have the host aud cheapest lot of dry goods, groenries aud hardware ever brought into the noun* tains. it