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W. C. ROBINSON & CO.
The Leading Jeweler*. BIG STONE GAP. VA. The Post. WATCHES. CLOCKS. SILVERWARE. SPECTACLES, ETC. W. C. ROBINSON & CO. BIG STONE GAP, VA., FKIDAY, SEPTEMBER 12,1890. NO. 5. The Analysis of the Coke Drawn from our First Oven Shows Us Superiority over any in the United States. It Possesses all tbe Qualities Which Coke Hen say are Valuable to a Degree that Baffles the Competition of the World. Important Discovery of a Superior Iron Ore Made by Mr. Hodge Within Twelve Miles of the Gap. It Heats AnythltiR Hitherto Found In thin Section, and KxlstH l" Inwxhauirt Iblc Quantities. Wh" AW E GETTING THERE ELI. The Posi sonic grntifying intcili-I gencc to convoy to its rentier? in general,! but especially to those interested in Big Stone '??>:? ten days ago the charge of coke wus drawn from the first oven ever constructed in tlii- section. Since then 11,!r- poke has been tested and it has Keen found to contain extraordinary properties ?properties possessed by ti" coke which hur hitherto been madu at any point in the Cnifod States. The analysis was made Us Mi Andrew S. McCreath, who i- rc "arded as th< most experienced geologist und chemist in Pennsylvania. His report sir.u- thai it contains the following prop? erties hi the proportions given: Rxwl Carbon, .W.W Vulittilv nutter, .6W Sul|.liur, .SH8 The coke lias a bright metallic luster, unusual cell space, and is rcinurknbly sii?i,_- Mr Taggart, who for a long time j was mniiugci "i the Connellsvillc Coal Cotii pan v. regards it as the beat product he has ever sccti. ! This coke, I? sides having been analyzed, | has been thoiougl ly tested us to strength and porosity, and is pronounced by capa? ble exp< rts t" be nearer a perfect coke tban any \??! made. Vnv t!i' purposes of comparison of the value oi tin 1 >kes now used in furnaces of the United Stales with that of the Big Stoite Gup regiou, we publish the follow? ing tabli "I analyses, which may be relied upon as act urate: Fixed Sul Avki 1 > Carbon. A. 11. pbur. 7 ? hi p ??* I iy S:i : ? liau l oktf, nuultl 01 >pvnri . .. lb) unrreltesl 93.83 5.69 0.749 3 MinpU'^ t'utiiii-IUvllle, I*?., coke, even ?? ....... BS.OO 974 O.slu 4 K?UIJ)1?? Clint! iga.Tclitl.. Cuke, ?v?u i*n| *0 ."1 is.:n 1.596 4 si I'.tri. ? ghutn, .Via.-, coke, ?y:-u _ >7.W 10.54 1.196 3 MUII]lllM I'oCttll lltltS, Vil., coke. oven ?>? 93.55 5.74 0.597 8 Muaplv: N ? Btver, W.Vn., coke, . t.,- . 92.3H 7.81 0.553 1 ?ampl* Hig Stow l?aji coke, oven lent, aiinlvnii tiiude by A. S. McCrvntli.'.StjitriiiUr, IS50.. 94.04 4.74 0.608 '>l-< i<\ Kit IKS. When it is considered that this im? mens? si i.v. ? : coal is from 7 to 13 feet in thickuess; that i! extends over an area of over CO.OOU acres: that it is located up j rtbove the level of the valleys; that it can bo drained without the use of machinery;] thai so much oftho expense which must bf iucurred in other localities in the I manufacture ?<( coke arc avoided, and that ample trr.usportion will soon bo af? forded, ii will be seen what an immense udvuntagi these fields have over any yet discovered in the United Stales or else? where. An important discovery has also been made <?!' mi immense deposit of red iron ore r,iir;?.i quality over twenty feet in thickness, and within twelve miles of Hig Stone t?ap 1 his surpasses any discovery that h.i^ been made within the same dis? tance !':?.;'. Proctor in his recent report.' referring to his investigation of the iron j deposits near Hig Stone Gap, says: One i?l the most reliable horizons of liinonite or brown ore in Virginia is the j top oi the Oriskauy sundstouc. This for? mation i- present along the southern base ' of Cumberland and Stone Mountains, and j a!-.., along ihe northern baso of Powell j Mo mtain to the summit of Wild Cat Valley. From this point it crosses over | to the southern base of Wallen's Ridge.; ?t"i circles around the end of Powell Mountain west of the S. A. k l). railroad, j Developments in the Wild Cut Valley have demonstrated tie- existence of this su? perior brown ore between the base of the Devonian blui;v shale and the Oriskauy sandstone, sometimes replacing the up? per meinbet (he Oriskauy. This ore' has ulso been opened on Forge Hill, a] sput mi !'. ... || Mountain, near Puttons *'ille The Oriskauy sandstone is also present along the southern slope of Clinch Mountain, und surface indications are favorable :>. the finding of the ore. Sev? eral openings i? i he Wild Cat Valley have brought t.. lighi thick deposits of this ore, enough t.. justify the hope that a supply may be had from this formation near t.> On railway. The analyses from averaged Kam pies prove this to be an ex? cellent ore. The following is from an averaged sample made by the writer from an opening on the south slope of Wallen's Kidge, about six miles from Hig Stone Gup: ? run . r.2.**4 Insoluble .11.17 lltostib rUl. 0.1S5 iulpiiur .0.0S The indication are that there is a thick de;?.-.:' ot t:.i- excellent ore at this point, and from two other openings und the float ore along the outcrop for 3,500 feet I am of the opinion tIt:tt hero is a deposit sufli cicnt to supply over half a million tons ubo\e the draiuagc level. The v. in which has been recently dis? covered, however, by Mr. Hodge, the oologiht, is superior in quality to the ore escribed by Prof. Procter, and uppeara o exi<t in inexhaustible quantities. No repetition of words can add to the impor? tance of tu.- result obtained by Mr. Mc? Creath and of the investigations made by i'Jlr. iiodgc. Any one at all familiar with She coke or ir>n industry will appreciate sthc value of these facts. "These abundant ^deposits of both coal and iron are sepa? rated by u dictunce of from five to tweuty ?juiles, with u limestone mountain between them. What better combination can be desired? Who can doubt the future of Big Stone Gap? It has been justly held that the re? sources of this country were not fully known, and some recent finds confirm this belief. While prospecting in the Virginia Coal k Iron Company's coal lands on Preacher creek, recently, Mr. J. K. Tng garl, the company's manager, discovered a new bed of coking coal, tho existence of which hud never before been hinted at by any one. A drift is now being pushed into this bed, which lias revealed n scam i of coal seven feet four inches thick, with? out a Ringle parting. The whole of it is' clean, bright coking coal, resembling I exactly in appearance the [mboden coal, J which lies some 4011 feet underneath this new bed, which we now christen the '* Taggart seam." The existence of this lied of coal prac tically doubles the quanty of coking coal in the Big Stone <Iap area, and is beyond I J question of great importance. j On Callahnn's creek the drifts in the 1 mboden bed have now- been sont some \'2H0 feet into the hill. The mining here lias made upparout two features of the coal area heretofore unknown. Every parting shown on the outcrop of the coal disappears within from twenty to thirty feet of the surface, leaving a bed of from six to nine feet of absolutely pun- coal, and the coal often dipping slightly down? ward for a short distance, thus insuring natural drainage for many thousand acres of this bed. TU? TIMUKU INTEREST. in a recent interview with an expert timber dealor who has been in the busi? ness for '2') years, he informed a reporter of the Post, that the oak in this sect ion is far tougher und better adapted for the manufacture of wagons and other vehicles, as well as for the construction of ships, and for other purposes than any oak he had over seen. He says the manufac? turers of the. "Old Hickory'' and of tho Tennessee wagons would find it very profitable to move their plants here, or to secure this oak in preference to that they have been using. While the wagons are well made, they are nothing like so dura? ble as they would bo went this timber used. The oak through southern Ken tuck yand the portions of Tennessee, from which they havo drawn their supplies, is much more brittle and far less durable. There is hardly a place in the United States, or for tho matter of that, in the I world, better adapted for Ihu establish? ment of a factory to make axe handles, spokes or hubs, and oven furniture, than Big Stone Cap. The hard woods that grow on the northern sides of the moun? tains are unsurpassed in quality by any timber uorth of the Tropics. It is easily ac? cessible, and any factory of the kind would bo ablo to get its pick of the market. The Posi contained a calculation last week which showed that the limber t<> be cut from the coul lands of the Virginia Coal k Iron Company alone wouid put $1.500,000 per year in circulation at l?g j Stono Gap, for a period of ten years. In j this connection the following is instruc? tive: Professor Sargent, of Harvard College, special eipert on forests for the tenth census, says in his report on " Forts!? of the United States," page 45(0: ??The extinction uf the forest? uf the lake r.'glun may be expected to seriously affect the growth of population iu the central portion uf the continent. * * New center* of distribution must noon supplant Chi? cago as n titulier market, and new transportation routes take tin- place of those tiullt tu UlOVs the pine grown upon the shores ot the Great Lakes. * * The pine which ouce covered New England and New fork hits already disappeared; Pennsylvania is nearly bti Ipped of her pine, which mice appi-ur.-d inexhaus? tible. The great Northwestern pineries are not yet exhausted, und with newly Introduced methods, by which loxi once supposed Inaccessible nre now profitably brought to the mills, they may he expected lo increase tht volume of tluir auuuol product for u few years longer, iu response to the growing demands of the great agricullu-al population fu.t covering the treeless mid-continental plateau. The area of pine forest, however, remaining In the great pii.<-produ? cing States of Michigan, Wisconsin and Minnesota is dangerously small In proportion to the country's con? sumption <>f whits pine lumber, und the entire exhaustion of these forests, iu a comparatively short time, is certaiu." After reference to tho nine belt of the South Atlantic region, of which he says the " timber is uuequaled for all purposes of const ruction," Professor Sargent says, with reference to the hard-wood forests: "The nrist Important of these forests covers the region occupied by the South Allegheny Mountain system, ?luuraoiug Southwestern Virginia, Wet North uud South Carolina, snd Eastern Kentucky and Teuuestee. Here oak uuequaled iu quality ubuund*. Vi iluut is still not rar?, although nut found in any eery large c?utiuuous bodies; and cherry, yellow poplar, sud other woods of coumicnial Importance are coniuiou." The groat volume of money being brought into the region of which Big Stone Gup is the center, by the products of the forest?, will form the basis of a subatautial prosperity. Mr. Charles T. ballard, of Louisville, president of the Interstate Investment Company, which owns a large amount of coking coal lands near here, hits had two applications from parties ill Shamokin, Pa., to lease tracts for opening coal mines and making coke. When all these things get going, we will have business without end. One of the largest real estate dealers in Middlesborough, where they claim a great deal of activity in business and so on, says that he has made only about six sales this summer. People naturally do as little business as possible during the warm weather, but the rush comes with the autumn. The engineers in charge of the work on the Louisville & Nashville railroad here have been ordered to put on night forces wherever the work is behind, that it may be pushed so as to have all the grading completed at tho same time, leaving noth? ing to prevent the living of track. Major O'Btion is trying to get through by the first of November, and will do so if ut all possible. KfTorts are being made, and it is hoped they will be successful, to get the Major to lay some track from this end as was intended last spring. There is sometimes an inexcusable delay on the part of the South Atlantic k Ohio railroad, about getting freight into Big Stone Gap promptly. One builder was a month getting lumber from Bluff City, eleven miles from Bristol. Freights have beeu known to be kept on the yards there for two or three weeks, und Gen. Avers himself was two weeks iu getting twenty barrels of cement here from Bristol, which was side-trucked at Duffield and finally came iu on a passenger train. These de? lays retard building very much and give no cud of annoyance. The following persons have engaged lots on Poplur Hill to erect $5,000 houses on them. Gen. R. A. Ayers, president of the Big Stone Uap Improvement Com? pany; William McGeorge, Jr., of Philadel? phia, director iu the Big Stone Gap Im? provement Compuny; Maj. H. C. Wood, of Estillville, another director of the big Stone Gap Improvement Company and James Wr. Fox, of Now York, another director; Mr. John It. Proctor, director of the Kentucky Geological Surrey; William McDowell, president of the Appalachian Bunk; C. H. Berry man, Cashier of the Appalachian Bank; W. K. Harris, of the firm of Harris k Kardia; Capt. T. H. Walker and Ohas. E. Bibbs, perhaps Judge Duncan and others. Several foun? dations are laid and ready. The material is ordered and being hauled for others. Persons coming to Big Stone Gap get the many advantages that a great many places of 35,000 people five years ago, and I 5.000 or 10,000 people now a day?, do not offer, such us electric lights, street car line, and so on, a point that is well worth considering by people looking for new locations. ; The furnaces that arc now going up on the Norfolk k Western railroad can not get a supply of ore on the line of that road and are calling vigorously on the j E. T. V. k G. railroad to make arrange ! incuts to give them a supply from the mines in and near Cranberry, A great many furnaces use a little Cranberry ore I at least, as it increases the selling price I of the pig-iron considerably. This is the ore that, in connection with our own oro about here, will enable us to produce the best steel pig in the United States. A meeting of the directors and stock? holders of the Big Stone Gap Improve? ment Company has been called to meet at Bristol, September 25th, and discuss the project for retiring the bonds of the company, and other matters of interest that may come up. A company is being formed to operate a telephone line between Big Stone Gap and Gladeville. Hon. C. S. Flanary, of tho latter place, is at the head of the company. A large amount of walnut timber was shipped from here last week by J. M. Winchester, a considerable part of it going as far as Canada. In and about the Cuiincllsville coal territory, are located the towns of Scotts? burg, population ?,000; Connellsville,8,000; New Haven, ?.000; Latrobe, 7,000; Union town. 10.000; Grcensburg, 10,000, and some fifty villages with a population of 50(1 to 2,000 people each, making a totnl of about 05,000 people, of which, only some Hi.000 are miners and coke makers and their families. The remaining 44,000 souls are dwellers in the larger towns mentioned, and are drawn then; simply by tho business growing out of the coking industry. The Conncllsrillc coal field was originally 72,000 acres, of which, some 22,000 would prove unprofitable mining. The proper? ty of the Virginia Coal and Iron Company here,contains some (JO.000 acres of coking coal. At Conncllsvillc there is but one scam; here there are two very extensive beds averaging seven to eight feet in thick ness oach,and several other beds of gas and steam coal. The Connellsville region is but T>7 miles from Pittsburg, which is the wholesale supply point for that section. The Big Stone G ip area, is 1:20 miles from t he nearest town of unj importance, uad the population deriving its support from the coking industry here will be of neces? sity, concentrated by the Gap in tho town of Big Stone Gap; while in the Connells? ville region, there is no physical feature compelling a concentration of population. Iu addition to the binds of the Virginia Coal and Iron Company, the holdings of tho Interstate Investment Company, the Altamus, Benson and McGeorgc Ttust, and others, aggregating safely 200,000 acres of this coal, arc all directly tributary to Big Stone. Gap. These facts taken in connection with our bountiful supply of iron ores, limber and water, and our rail? road facilities, will, without doubt in time make the town of Big Stono Gap a large city. REED O UTS THERE. | - Ills Majority tnereasotl, and the Other Ke publlean Congressmen also Pull Through. Augusta, Me., September 11.?Chuir man Manly, of the republican state com? mittee sent at midnight the following dispatch to President Harrison; "Maine gives the largest republican majority shown in off years since IHM and a larger majority than was given in a presidential contest since 1808 with the single excep? tions of 18S-I and 18KS." Governor Burleigh is re-elected by the largest majority lie ever received, exceed? ing 4.500. Representatives Dingley, Bou tello and Milliken are re-elected by ma? jorities ranging front three to five thou? sand. The Pine Tree state endorses your administration and remains firm in its advocacy of protection to American indus? tries und American labor.*' Washington*, Sept. 11.?Dispatches to the republican national committee this evening assert that the entire Main dele? gation in congress is re-elected. Milli? ken's majority is reduced. Reed's ma? jority is put at 4,300 and slill growing. As successive reports come to hand the majority for the state ticket is stated at about 13,000. SCANDAL IN NORTHUMBERLAND. A Voung Physician Chloroforms a Hand? some Voting Lady and Then ltulns Her. Riciimonh, Sept. 11.?Dr. Garland P. Moore, a surgeon and physician of Balti? more is wanted in East ville, Northumber? land county, Va., on the charge of out? raging a young lady. Tbc sheriff of Northumberland offers $300 for his ar? rest. Major Poe, chief of police of this city, has received a letter from the sheriff, asking his aid iu the arrest of Dr. Moore, who was thought to be in the city. The sheriff states that Moore had been paying attention to the young lady for some time and they were engaged to be married. A few days ago Moore, administered chloroform to his alh'uneed and then as? saulted her. After committing tin- heinous offense, Moore fled. He crossed the Chesapeake bay and York river, iu a small boat and took the Chesapeake k Ohio train at Leehall station and came to Richmond. The accused is a graduate of Randolph? Macon college, and practiced medicine iu Baltimore. Moore is about five feet six inches high, light complexion, pale face, light brown hair, blue eyes, weighs about 130 pounds, is slight built, walks briskly and is a sprightly talker. The entire police force here arc ordered to keep a lookout for him. Major Poe is of the opinion that Moore did not stop in Richmond, but went west. The New Railroad. (Bristol Special) Biustoi., Tesx., Sept. 11.?The Norfolk & Western engineering corps completed the preliminary survey of the Knoxvllle extension as far as Bean Station to? day, and arrived here to-nlgbt. They have been In the field two months, and will start this week on the location ot the line. a great gathering. The Meeting of the British Iron 8t Steel Institute and the Verein Deutsche Elsenhuettenleute of Germany to be Held In New York. The Bodies, Composed of the Most Emi? nent and Scientific EnglnecrH In the World, will also Vlilt the Sonth to Examine Its Mineral?*. ELARORATE PREPARATIONS MADE. The coming international convention of iron and steel manufacturers, which will lie held in this country in October, has attraced more attention and has been anticipated with greater interest by the engineering world than unj affair of the kind in recent years. For months prepa? rations of an elaborate kind have been carried on. It has long been the desire of the iron and steel manufacturers and the engineers of this country to issue a call for an international meeting on this side of the Atlantic. This desire, deeply rooted as it was, received an impetus by the meetings held in Philadelphia during the centennial of lb?U and the courteous treatment of the 3U0 American engineers who visited various countries of the conti? nent in lf^!*. Months ago the council of the American Institute of Mining Engi? neers, in connection with the Iron & Steel Association, the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, and the United States Association oi Charcoal Iron? workers, extended an invitation to the Iron k Steel Institute oi' Great Britain to hold its annual session in union with their own on this side of the sea. The invita? tion was accepted with enthusiasm. Simi? lar requests were sent to the Verein Deutsche Eiscnhucttcnleutc, in Germany, and to like societies in other lands. Everywhere the response was prompt and hearty. In consequence, the meet.ng, the first ol its kind in ihis country, will be attended by more than pflU foreign guests, including the greatest engineers of England, France, Germany, Switzerland and Spain. It is difficult to overestimate the importance and probable results of a convention at which many of the most brilliant members of the engineering pro? fession will read papers and discuss sub? jects of practical interest to all mankind. The arduous work in preparation for the meeting, over which Andrew Carnegie will preside, has been done chiefly by Dr. Rossi tcr W. Raymond, secretary of the American Institute of Mining Engineers; C. Kirchoff, jr.,editor of "The Iron Age," and secretary of the American reception committe for the Iron A: Steel Institute of Oreat Britain, anil James F. Lewis, chair? man of the reception committee, which also includes Ab rani S. Hewitt, Chaunccy M. Depew, Seth Low. Dr. Thomas Eglo ston, Dr. Henry Morton, Stevens Institute; Professor F. R. Hutten, John Bogart, Oberliu Smith, Ben', tnin At ha, Warner Miller,'!'. C. Platt, ^ iliam Kent, George W. Mayuard. Dr. Herl ert G. Terry, Walton Ferguson, James Douglas, jr..!. P. Pardce, Jasper R. Rand, Joseph E.Gay,Charles. E. Emen, William G. Hamilton, V*'. W. Van Voorhis, D. Willis James, Charles Mac donald, J. C. Baylcs, Oliver W. Barnes, William H. Wallace, Addison C. Rand, E. Gvbon Spilsburv, W H. Wilev, Horace S'>c, E. D. H -tf. ?!.. George ' II. Hull, Thomas A. Edison, James Irvin, H. II. Rogers, Charles M. Rolker, Louis Lee Stunt in, Levi Holbrook, Park Benjamin, B. S. Church, Andrew Carnegie, James A. Burden, William P. Shinn, Lafayette, Penn.; Dr. R. W. Raymond, Dr. T. Sferry Hunt, Edward Cooper, T. C. Clarke, B. G. Clarke, Henry R. Towne, John Stantou, W. A. Perry, John H. Inmun, Smith M. Weed, George H. Babcock, W. H. Adams, Cyrus W. Field, Charles B. Brush, F. 0. Norton, William Brookficld, George A. Crocker, William E. Worthen, General Samuel Thomas, C. C. Martin, F. S. With erbce, David Williams, F. 0. Fayerweather, J. F. Kollowny, Theodore Yoorheep,Walter Katte, John C. K?fer, Willard P. Ward, J. H. Harris, John C. De La Verne, L. G. Laurcau, Professor James E. Denton, R. P. Rothwell, F. L. Lehman, F. H. Prentiss, George B. Wilkiusou, John Thompson and Philip Voorhees. The foreign guests will arrive in this city between September and September ?28, and will make their headquarters at the Park Avenue hotel. It was first the intention of the committee to meel them at Quarrantine and convey them up the harbor in a special boar. As the delegates arrive, however, at different times, that plan has been abandoned. An elaborate programme for the entertainment and instruction of the engineers and members of the various societies during their stay in this country has been prepared, how? ever, by the members of the committee. No expense will be spared to make the meetings memorable and remarkable. It is hoped that the delegates will return lo their homes with better ideas and fuller appreciation of the possibilities and capa? bilities of the United States of America. The convention wiU open with the session of the American Institute of Mining Engineers on Monday afternoon, September lit), in Ohickering Hall, where all the meetings in this city will be held. The session will be continued on Monday evening. Tuesday morning and Tuesday afternoon, and will lie attended by the delegates from Europe. The members of the British Iron & Steel Institute will begin tlmir annual meeting on Wednesday morning, October 1. On Wednesday after? noon they will have an opportunity to see the "lordly scenery, great and grand," of the Hudson in an excursion to West Point. The sessions on Thursday morning and afternoon will be devoted to the memory of the great engineer, Alexander Lyman Holley, for many years president of the American Institute of' Mining Engineers. An address commemorative of his virtues and achievements will be delivered in Chickering Hall in the morning by James Dredge, editor of "Engineering," in Lou don. In the afternoon the Holley Memo? rial, presented to the city by the society over which he once presided, will be un? veiled, with proper and imposing ceremo? nies, in Washington Square. On Thursday evening, October 1, the annual dinner of the British association will be given in Delmonico's, while the Liederkranz Society will entertain the Germau delegates. During the course of the British convention, which will end on Friday morning, the following papers will be read: "The American Blast Furnace Fields," James Gayley, of Pi Osburg; "Testing Materials of Construction in the United States," Messrs. Hunt and Clapp, of Pitts burg; " The Manufacture of Steel in the United States," Henry M. Howe, of Bos? ton; "The Thomson Electric Welding Process," Professor Thomson, New York; "The Manufacture of Spirally Welded Steel Plates in the United States," J. C. Bayles, of New York; "The Use of Water Gas in the United States," B. Loomis, Hartford; "The Coke Industry of the United States," J. D. Weeks, Pitts burg; " Recent Progress in Manufacture of War Material in the United States," W. H. Jacques, Bethlehem, Pa.; "The Composition and Wearing Qualities of Steel Rails," Dr. Charles B. Dudley, Altoona. ? On Friday afternoon, October 2, excur? sions will be made to various points of (X. Y. Tribune.) interest in this neighborhood, including Mr. Edison's laboratory, the Tilly Foster iron mines and the Spiral Well Tube Works, at East Orange, X. J. The mem? bers of the American and foreign societies will leave New York in a special train on Saturday morning, October 4, for Pitts burg, where a joint international session will be held. They will stop on their way at Philadelphia, Altoonn, Lebanon, Har risburg and Johnstown, visiting the vari? ous points of interest in those cities, and attending numerous entertainments and receptions'friven in their honor, and will arrive in Pittshurg on October 8. Great preparations for the entertainment of the guests have been made by the people of Pittsburg. The societies will hold joint sessions on Thursday and Friday morn? ings, October 8 and !). Although the programme for these meet? ings has not been decided upon definitely as yet, it will include the following papers: "On Recent Development of Marine En? gineering," A. E. Seaton, Hull; "The Prob? able Future of Iron Manufacture," Sir Lowthian Hell, and "The Protection of Iron and Steel Ships Against Foundering," Sir N. Barnaby, K.C.B. It is also expected that a highly inter? esting paper on the improvements in iron and steel metallurgy of Gcrmanv since l?Tti will be read by Dr. Wedding, the Gorman metallurgical author. Several other papers, all in the English language, will also be presented by other German scientists. During parts of Thursday and Friday, and on Saturday and Sunday, the guests will attend receptions given for their ben? efit, and will visit the great mills and factories in Pittsburg and Allegheny and the various places of interest in the neighborhood. On Sunday, October 12, the party will start for Chicago, where it will arrive on October 14. Two dnvs will be spent in becoming acquainted with the great institutions iu the second city of the United Slates. Here, also, dinners and receptions in profusion will be given to the guests, who will have every reason to think Well of American Hospitality. Their journey, indeed, will be a veritable triumphal march.. At Chicago, which the delegates will leave on October Hi, the party will divide into two groups, one going north and the other south. According to the programme ot the general committee, the northern excursion will visit the Menomincc, Gogebic and Marqucttc iron ranges anil the Lake Superior copper districts. On the return trip to New York, which will be reached on October 2 s', the party will visit the Sault Stc. Marie Canal, the Sud bury nickel and copper mines in Canada, and Niagara Falls. The southern excursion will go first from Chicago to Birmingham. Shelby and Au uiston, Ala. Sunday, October 19, will be --petit on Lookout Mountain. The next day Chatta? nooga will be reached. The party will also visit the Pocahontas coal mines, Middlesborough, Ronnokc, Cripple Creek iron mines, the famous caves of Luray, in Virginia, and the national capital. As may bo. seen, the foreign guests will be j able to form an excellent idea of the coun- I try's capacity for the production of iron and steel. It cannot be doubted that they will be surprised at that capacity. En? gland may excel the United States in the manufacture of basic steel, iu the handling of guns and armor, and in n few other specialties; but in many other ways Amer? ican industry has surpassed her, and American manufacturers will be able to teach the foreigners many lessons in the employment of labor-saving machines. Before the return of the visiting dele? gates to their foreign homes Abrain S. Hewitt will hold a reception for them. The general reception committee will give a dinner in their honor. Covers will be laid for 800 or 900 people. The date of the entertainment has not been lixed, but it is probable that il will take place on October 28 or 29. Among the most widely known dele? gates from Europe who will attend the I meetings arc Sir James Kitson, baronet, president of the Iron and Steel Institute of Great Britain; Sir Lowthian Bell, a man of great learning in his profession and the owner of large manufactories in the famous Middlesborough district of England; Lord Edward Cavendish,brother of the Marquis of Hartingtou, and a mem? ber of Parliament; Edward P. .Mailin. a well-known metallurgist and manufacturer iu South Wales; E. Windsor Richards, formerly general manager for Bolekon. | Ynughun A Co., in Middlesborough, and now general manager of the famous bow moor Iron Company; G. J. Snelos, the chemist and metallurgist; William White veil, president of the Board of Arbitration and Conciliation, of Middlesborough: Sir James Bain, owner of one of tin largest manufactories in Glasgow; Hugh Bell,son of Sir Lowthian Bell, an iron manufac? turer; Adolf Blcichcrt, of Germany, a designer and builder of rope tramways; H. A. Brustlein and Louis Holtzer, of the rjnicnt Steel Works, iu Fiance; Arthur Cooper, general manager of the largest steel works in Middlesborough; William Cunningham, one of the proprietors of the great steel works in Scotland bearing his name; John H. Darby, a well-known manu? facturer at Brymbo; A. J. Dornum, one of the leading manufacturers of iron and j steel beams in England; W. G. Fossick,of the Fossick iron firm in London; Theodore | Fry, member of Parliament from Darling ton, and recently one of tiie English com? missioners at the Labor Confi rence in Berlin; W. H. Greenwood, general man? ager of the Birmingham Small Arms and Metal Company; Emil Guilleaume, owner of one of the largest wire and wire rope manufacturing plants on the Continent; R. A. Hadfield, of Sheffield; Jeremiah Head, for many years the associate of Sir William Siemens; Francis Koch, general manager of the Alcxandrowsky Steel Works of St. Petersburg; Sir W. T. Lewis, of V.'ales; John S. Nettleford, a member of the firm with which Joseph S. Chamber laiu is connected; Gustave Picdboeuf, of Aix-la-Chapcllc, the largest boilcrmakcr in the Rhenish provinces; Alexander Pour? ed, of England aud Spain; Sir E. J. Reed, of London; Edward Kiley, the chemist; William Tozer and Henry Steel, jr.. the steel manufacturers of Sheffield; Sir Thomas Storey, of Lancaster; Jose A. de y Barra, owner of iron mines and works in the Bilboa district; Frederick Siemens, brother of Sir William Siemens, and Dr. Werner von Siemens, of Berlin, and '.irl Siemens, of St. Petersburg; Sir John G. N. Alleyne, baronet, the groa: marine engineer; J. S. Jeans, secretary of the Iron and Steol Institute, author of "England's Supremacy," "Waterways and Water Transport" and "Steel," and ut one time editor of the Glasgow Evening Star; Emil Schroedter, secretary of the Verein Deutsche Ingenieure; Dr. Wedding, pro? fessor of metallurgy at the Royal School in Berlin, honorary member of the Ameri ean Society of Mining Engineers, and the author of a series of treatises on the metallurgy of iron and the base and pre? cious metals; and A. Thielen, acting chair? man of the German Societey and the owner of one of the largest steel works in the Rhenish provinces. They are Coming; Slowly. (Baltimore Sun.) 0 ystera were more plentiful yesterday, but the de? mand was greater than the supply, and prices were steady at from seventy to eighty cents per bushel. TIIE KENTUCKY UNION DEAL. The Kurts That Gave- Rlae to the Report of Uh Sale to the E. T., Va. ? Oa. Locisville, Sept. 11.?It turns out that the foundation for the report that the E. T., Va. & Ga. road has purchased the Kentucky Union, consists in the fact that Mr. Carley has succeeded in negotiating the sale of extensive tracts of land ad? joining the railroad. The cash will he paid for this land as soon as the titles are examined, and for as much as 25,000 acres at a time. The object of Mr. Carley in selling this property was to secure suffi? cient money to push the construction of the Kentucky Union from Jackson, Ky., to Big Stone Cap. The land was sold to u British syndicate which is represented in this country by Colonel Pat Calhoun, of New Vork, and it seems the idea that the E. T., Va. & Ga. road had made the re? ported deal, originated in the fact that Colonel Culhoun's brother is an attorney for that road. There is no doubt that the construction of the Kentucky Union will be pushed forward now rapidly and without interruption. hi .Mi. AND LEE. Probability that General Lee's Opponent Will Run a* a'n Independent. (Alexandria Special.) Alexandria, Sept.!*, 1890.?The endorse? ment by the negro convention which met in Purccllvillc, Loudoun county, on Wednesday, oi Frank Hume us the inde? pendent candidate for congress, but adds another reason to the alreudy long list for thinking that Mr. Hume intends to turn traitor to the democratic party and oppose the election of General Lee to congress. When asked a few days ago whether he intended to run on an independent ticket or not. Mr. liuine refused to give any posi? tive answer, but said that he would let his friends know in time to tell how to vote in November. There now remains no doubt that Mr. Hume will be the independent candidate, and as such will try to have himself endorsed by the coming republican district convention, which will be held ou the 18th of the month. another IttUOtl. It is rumored on the streets hero that Hon. Park Agncw will once more lead the republicans in the coming tight uguinst General Lee for his seat in the house of representatives. The rumor is not thought to be true,as Mr. Agncw is the postmuster ot this city and has the office sure for four years, while his election to congress will be, as he well knows, almost beyond hope. It is true that Mr. Ague* reduced the democratic majority in lb'8B from six thousand to less than two thousand, but then there was much dissatisfaction in the democratic ranks where perfect har? mony exists now. PHEY FIGHT. .SURE ENOUGH. MM. Kochefort and Thiebuud 8ucoecd In Having an Encounter. (By Vuglo-Auiei i' uu cable to the DUpatcb.) Palis, France. Sept. 10.?After having made four unsucccsssful attempts to tight a duel on account of differences arising from the Boulanger revelations, MM. Kochefort and Thiebuud this morning succeeded in having an encounter. M. Thiebaud was wounded. The duel was fought in u stable at La Glinge, Holland. M. Thiebaud was wounded in the thigh. His injury is t riling. LATER. Paris, Sept. 11.?From the later dis? patches describing the Roehefort-Thio baud duel it appears that the combatunts fought fiercely for twelve minutes. Roche fort displayed greater agility, running around his adversary and making furious bingo. Thiebaud received three wounds, his opponct's'sword piercing his left tem? ple^ right cheek, and right thigh. After the ?.ird '.vound had been inflicted two doctors who had accou.,}auieu the tW? duelists to the ground, after a hasty con? sultation, ordered the fight to be stopped. Thiebaud evidently went to Brussels, where he is now confined in bed. His wounds, however, are no! of a serious character. Hume Clay Turns Up. (Special Dispatch t<> lite Poat.) Paris. Ky., Sept. II.?Hume Clay, who absconded from Winchester, leaving $75,000 ?orth of debts a few weeks ago, arrived here on the noon train to-day from Cincinnati in company with Capt. J. M. Thomas, hi* father-in-law, and Harry Clay, his brother. The party stayed in Cincinnati last night, but it is not known from where the abscondcr came, nor his intentions. FATE AGAINST HIM. Betrothed of Winnie Davis, "Daughter of Hie Confederacy." Suffers a Loss to His Fortune. Svbactse, X. V., Sept. 10.?The Wilkin? sons are again in t rouble, and Miss Winnie Davis' fiance will not be able to leud her to that home of luxury that once was his. A few years ago Alfred and J. Foreman Wilkinson were influential and wealthy bankers in this city. Financial troubles , overtook them, and though an effort was made to save snug fortunes, their af aftairs got into court, and, us a result, the creditors got a portion of what be? longed to them. The loss of money, in tiuenco and respect made outcasts of the two brothers, and their deaths soon fol? lowed. Sympathy for young Wilkinson and his mother touched the hearts, of the creditors, and they were allowed to keep their elegant $10,000 home on James street. This home was insured for $18, 500, and $7,500 were placed upon the furniture. One week ago Thursday men employed about the premises were engaged in clean? ing and ridding the house of moths. They were using benzine and burning sulphur. Three barrels of benzine stood about the place. Xo one knows exactly what hap? pened, but the coachman was blown out of the upper story of the house. He died, and the house was almost totally destroyed by the lire which ensued. By the terms of the insurance policies explosives like benzine were not allowed on the place, and ulthough the insurance companies have some sixty days in which to settle all claims, it is asserted that young Wilkinson has no claim against the compunies in this instance, and while i hey uru sorry for him and bis widowed mother, they cannot afford to establish the precedent of payiug unjust claims out of sympathy. The Wilkinson residence was about all that was left of what was once a large estate. It was to have been the home, for a time at least, of Winnie Davis, after she had become Mrs. Wilkinson. She admired the handsome dwelling and its surroundings. Mr. Wilkinson has not decided upon his course if the insurance compunies refuse to pay the loss, a loss which neither he nor his mother can afford. Mrs. Wilkinson is in Europe. One of her sons sailed last week to tell ber of the destruction of the house, fear? ing that a cablegram announcing the ex? plosion would shock her beyond her en? durance. SENATOR MILLS DECLINES. Ho will Not Accept the Nomination for Congreaa, hut Propone* to Devote HI* Life to the Educational, Rellgou*, and Financial Welfaro of Southwest Virginia. A FRANK AND MANLY LETTER. To the Rutblicans or ins Ninth Con uressional District of Virginia: I take this opportunity to address you in response to the kind and urgent calls so frequently made upon me, by many of you, to permit my name to be used for the nomination soon to be made by our party in this district for a seat in con? gress. I am not insensible to the great honor my too partial friends would bestow upon mo. With all my heart I thank them. No man can esteem more highly than I do, such expressions of appreciation, com? ing as they do from those with whom I have been most intimately associated in the struggles and triumphs of the party, through the eventful years which have recently directed very special attention to our section of the commonwealth. 1 rejoice in the profound consciousness that, in ull my political course, it has beeu my chief and foremost aim to ad vunco the best interests of my people. I can truly 6ay that I have given myself little concern as to anything merely per? sonal to myself. 1 have sought in the halls of legislation, and in my intercourse with the general public, nnd everywhere and by every means in my power, to ad? vance the moral, intellectual and financial well-being of Southwest Virginia?the richest country in undeveloped resources upon which tho sun shines. In doing this 1 have entered into obli? gations which folu'd my yielding to the kind persuasions of friends, to seek the nomination for congress. To do other? wise might inflict serious pecuniary loss upon those who have entrusted to me the management of great properties and the direction of great agencies which are closely connected with the welfare of the senatorial district which I now have tho honor to represent. And in the fullest candor let me add that, apart from theso business engagements which forbid my seeking this honor or accepting it if it were pressed upon me unsought, I am forced to decline because of a growing conviction that the best service I can render my section, my Stutu and the whole country, and the world, lies in another direction?to preach the Gospel of Jesus Christ, to help establish nnd endow institutions of learning where the boys and girls of the land may be trained for usefulness, to make money with which to help endow these and other agencies for doing good?this for me has u charm which nothing else has under the shining heavens. To this kind of work I desire more than ever before to dedicate my life. In declining the use of my name for this high federal otlice, I am glad to know that there are others more able and more worthy from whom you cuu make a selec? tion. I hope you may be able to unite upon the most available man and that he may be triumphantly elected. While my obligations to press forward movements looking to the moral and intellectual and financial well-being of my section will very much engross my time nnd attention, I pledge to the man who shall be fortunate enough to secure the nomination, my heartiest support. J. B. F. Mills. Bio Stone Gav, 7a., Sept. 11, 1891). A Family Affair. (Special to Richmond Dispatch.j A prominent Virginia republican now in the city who lives iu Bowdcn's district, was asked how much of a disagreement there was between Bowden and Mahone, and he said: "Some of Mahono's strongest friends in tho disrtrict, and particularly in Norfolk and Princess Anno counties are opposing Bowden with all their might and aiaiU; and on the other hand some of Mahone's leading frleuds il? supporting Bowden for renomination. I think tbc trouble between Bowden and Mahone grew out of two things. Mahono ordered Bowden to oppose Langston in his contest for a se.it in the house, and tho congress? man did not come to terms regarding that matter. Then again Mahone claims that bowden did not deliver tho vote in the second district last year that he promised when Mahone was candidate for Governor. "Undoubtedly," this republican went on to say, "there is big trouble ahead for Bowden, and if he gets the nomination it will take a hard fight." The 8. A. * O. K. K. Case. (Bristol Special.) Buistoi., Tkxk., .Sept. 11.?Tue South Atlantic 4 Ohio receivership muddle has been carried to the Supreme Court ot the L'uited State* by Dr. Bailey, who was appointed receiver by tho Virginia court. The case will be heard by Chief Ju?tlce Fuller sitting with Judge Iloud of the Circuit Court, aud Judge Paul of the District Court for Vlrgiulu, ou the 16th lust. An appeal was taken to (lud out whether or not the defendants had the right to remove the case from the Virginia court to the l'uited States court. Yen, You Ml tu Ulm Now. (X. Y. Herald.) In a country where Ute keeps such a pace that everything but the taxes Is forgotteu In leu days the Cannon incident In the House the other day will soon die. For thin we fear the democratic members are as much to blame an the republicans, no democrat having the nerve to lest the will of the House by a motion to expel the member who had disgraced tho debate*. Oh, for nit hour of Samuel J. Randall I Middlesborough Pleasantries. IfiitDUsaoaotfoit, Kr.. Sept 10.?Deputy Sheriff Lm Turner started this mornitig to effect the capture of the notorious gang of outlaws that are hldlug lu the mountains h few miles west of here, fellow Jack, a desperado aud a member of the gang, and for whose capture there Is a reward offered, entered one of the mining camps lu that region Sunday, while the miners were at breakfast, and amused himself by shooting the pepper boxes off the table. Sheriff Tur? ner, who knows no fear, proposes to rid the com? munity of the Kung, and l"> doubt when they meet there wiU be a battle. Croaking About Fruit. (Baltimore Snn.) Our crops of berries, fruits and vegetables are so short as to fall to meet the home demand. The apple crop, for example, is a failure. The reports from nearly all quarters are bad. In the year euded Jan? uary 30, 1890, we exported 453,503 barret* ot apples and 20,S61,000 pounds ot dried apples. Most of the apples weul to England and Scotland, while France and Germany took the bulk of the dried apples. Of the cauued fruit, worth $698^221, exported last year, England took about tu'f. We shall havo probably little fruit iu any form to export, and shall lack the Income from this source. A Middlesboroogh Citizen. Pim.ui.is. Kr., Sept. 11.?Steve Warrlck, who kilted Marshall Turner In the desperate hand-to-hand duel In atiUdlcaborough lost week, has beeu brought here aud placed lu the county lall. Warrlck hat a bullett-bole through his left sidejbut Is not atd anger* ously wounded m was at first supposed. His exsmiu.. ing trial will be held in a tew days. Bowden'* Trouble*. (Norfolk Special.) A circular has beeu issued aud Is being distributed In all this district notifying all republicans who are opposed to the r? nomination of George E. Bowden that a meeting will be held Wednesday next in Page** Hall, this city, and Inviting t&ta to be present and participate. A Bichmond Man's Profit. A week ago W. J. Walker, ot Richmond, bong I fifty-one acres ot the Cooper tract, sear Lambert Point, for 118,000, and ha* sold the same tor 128,00 Now Shell Out (From the Rochester Chronicle.) Chom of eytUn; "Bcr* v? &?