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The Big Stone post. (Big Stone Gap, Va.) 1890-1892, September 12, 1890, Image 1

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The Leading Jeweler*.
NO. 5.
The Analysis of the Coke Drawn from our
First Oven Shows Us Superiority
over any in the United States.
It Possesses all tbe Qualities Which Coke
Hen say are Valuable to a Degree
that Baffles the Competition
of the World.
Important Discovery of a Superior
Iron Ore Made by Mr. Hodge
Within Twelve Miles
of the Gap.
It Heats AnythltiR Hitherto Found In thin
Section, and KxlstH l" Inwxhauirt
Iblc Quantities.
The Posi sonic grntifying intcili-I
gencc to convoy to its rentier? in general,!
but especially to those interested in Big
Stone '??>:? ten days ago the charge
of coke wus drawn from the first oven ever
constructed in tlii- section. Since then
11,!r- poke has been tested and it has Keen
found to contain extraordinary properties
?properties possessed by ti" coke which
hur hitherto been madu at any point in
the Cnifod States. The analysis was made
Us Mi Andrew S. McCreath, who i- rc
"arded as th< most experienced geologist
und chemist in Pennsylvania. His report
sir.u- thai it contains the following prop?
erties hi the proportions given:
Rxwl Carbon, .W.W
Vulittilv nutter, .6W
Sul|.liur, .SH8
The coke lias a bright metallic luster,
unusual cell space, and is rcinurknbly
sii?i,_- Mr Taggart, who for a long time j
was mniiugci "i the Connellsvillc Coal
Cotii pan v. regards it as the beat product
he has ever sccti. !
This coke, I? sides having been analyzed, |
has been thoiougl ly tested us to strength
and porosity, and is pronounced by capa?
ble exp< rts t" be nearer a perfect coke
tban any \??! made.
Vnv t!i' purposes of comparison of the
value oi tin 1 >kes now used in furnaces of
the United Stales with that of the Big
Stoite Gup regiou, we publish the follow?
ing tabli "I analyses, which may be relied
upon as act urate:
Fixed Sul
Avki 1 > Carbon. A. 11. pbur.
7 ? hi p ??* I iy S:i : ? liau l oktf, nuultl
01 >pvnri . .. lb) unrreltesl 93.83 5.69 0.749
3 MinpU'^ t'utiiii-IUvllle, I*?., coke,
even ?? ....... BS.OO 974 O.slu
4 K?UIJ)1?? Clint! iga.Tclitl.. Cuke,
?v?u i*n| *0 ."1 is.:n 1.596
4 si I'.tri. ? ghutn, .Via.-, coke,
?y:-u _ >7.W 10.54 1.196
3 MUII]lllM I'oCttll lltltS, Vil., coke.
oven ?>? 93.55 5.74 0.597
8 Muaplv: N ? Btver, W.Vn., coke,
. t.,- . 92.3H 7.81 0.553
1 ?ampl* Hig Stow l?aji coke, oven
lent, aiinlvnii tiiude by A. S.
McCrvntli.'.StjitriiiUr, IS50.. 94.04 4.74 0.608
'>l-< i<\ Kit IKS.
When it is considered that this im?
mens? si i.v. ? : coal is from 7 to 13 feet in
thickuess; that i! extends over an area of
over CO.OOU acres: that it is located up j
rtbove the level of the valleys; that it can
bo drained without the use of machinery;]
thai so much oftho expense which must
bf iucurred in other localities in the I
manufacture ?<( coke arc avoided, and
that ample trr.usportion will soon bo af?
forded, ii will be seen what an immense
udvuntagi these fields have over any yet
discovered in the United Stales or else?
An important discovery has also been
made <?!' mi immense deposit of red iron
ore r,iir;?.i quality over twenty feet in
thickness, and within twelve miles of Hig
Stone t?ap 1 his surpasses any discovery
that h.i^ been made within the same dis?
tance !':?.;'. Proctor in his recent report.'
referring to his investigation of the iron j
deposits near Hig Stone Gap, says:
One i?l the most reliable horizons of
liinonite or brown ore in Virginia is the j
top oi the Oriskauy sundstouc. This for?
mation i- present along the southern base '
of Cumberland and Stone Mountains, and j
a!-.., along ihe northern baso of Powell j
Mo mtain to the summit of Wild Cat
Valley. From this point it crosses over |
to the southern base of Wallen's Ridge.;
?t"i circles around the end of Powell
Mountain west of the S. A. k l). railroad, j
Developments in the Wild Cut Valley have
demonstrated tie- existence of this su?
perior brown ore between the base of the
Devonian blui;v shale and the Oriskauy
sandstone, sometimes replacing the up?
per meinbet (he Oriskauy. This ore'
has ulso been opened on Forge Hill, a]
sput mi !'. ... || Mountain, near Puttons
*'ille The Oriskauy sandstone is also
present along the southern slope of Clinch
Mountain, und surface indications are
favorable :>. the finding of the ore. Sev?
eral openings i? i he Wild Cat Valley have
brought t.. lighi thick deposits of this
ore, enough t.. justify the hope that a
supply may be had from this formation
near t.> On railway. The analyses from
averaged Kam pies prove this to be an ex?
cellent ore. The following is from an
averaged sample made by the writer from
an opening on the south slope of Wallen's
Kidge, about six miles from Hig Stone
? run . r.2.**4
Insoluble .11.17
lltostib rUl. 0.1S5
iulpiiur .0.0S
The indication are that there is a thick
de;?.-.:' ot t:.i- excellent ore at this point,
and from two other openings und the float
ore along the outcrop for 3,500 feet I am
of the opinion tIt:tt hero is a deposit sufli
cicnt to supply over half a million tons
ubo\e the draiuagc level.
The v. in which has been recently dis?
covered, however, by Mr. Hodge, the
oologiht, is superior in quality to the ore
escribed by Prof. Procter, and uppeara
o exi<t in inexhaustible quantities. No
repetition of words can add to the impor?
tance of tu.- result obtained by Mr. Mc?
Creath and of the investigations made by
i'Jlr. iiodgc. Any one at all familiar with
She coke or ir>n industry will appreciate
sthc value of these facts. "These abundant
^deposits of both coal and iron are sepa?
rated by u dictunce of from five to tweuty
?juiles, with u limestone mountain between
them. What better combination can be
desired? Who can doubt the future of
Big Stone Gap?
It has been justly held that the re?
sources of this country were not fully
known, and some recent finds confirm this
belief. While prospecting in the Virginia
Coal k Iron Company's coal lands on
Preacher creek, recently, Mr. J. K. Tng
garl, the company's manager, discovered
a new bed of coking coal, tho existence of
which hud never before been hinted at by
any one. A drift is now being pushed
into this bed, which lias revealed n scam i
of coal seven feet four inches thick, with?
out a Ringle parting. The whole of it is'
clean, bright coking coal, resembling I
exactly in appearance the [mboden coal, J
which lies some 4011 feet underneath this
new bed, which we now christen the
'* Taggart seam."
The existence of this lied of coal prac
tically doubles the quanty of coking coal
in the Big Stone <Iap area, and is beyond I
J question of great importance.
j On Callahnn's creek the drifts in the
1 mboden bed have now- been sont some
\'2H0 feet into the hill. The mining here
lias made upparout two features of the
coal area heretofore unknown. Every
parting shown on the outcrop of the coal
disappears within from twenty to thirty
feet of the surface, leaving a bed of from
six to nine feet of absolutely pun- coal,
and the coal often dipping slightly down?
ward for a short distance, thus insuring
natural drainage for many thousand acres
of this bed.
in a recent interview with an expert
timber dealor who has been in the busi?
ness for '2') years, he informed a reporter
of the Post, that the oak in this sect ion is
far tougher und better adapted for the
manufacture of wagons and other vehicles,
as well as for the construction of ships,
and for other purposes than any oak he
had over seen. He says the manufac?
turers of the. "Old Hickory'' and of tho
Tennessee wagons would find it very
profitable to move their plants here, or to
secure this oak in preference to that they
have been using. While the wagons are
well made, they are nothing like so dura?
ble as they would bo went this timber
used. The oak through southern Ken
tuck yand the portions of Tennessee, from
which they havo drawn their supplies, is
much more brittle and far less durable.
There is hardly a place in the United
States, or for tho matter of that, in the I
world, better adapted for Ihu establish?
ment of a factory to make axe handles,
spokes or hubs, and oven furniture, than
Big Stone Cap. The hard woods that
grow on the northern sides of the moun?
tains are unsurpassed in quality by any
timber uorth of the Tropics. It is easily ac?
cessible, and any factory of the kind would
bo ablo to get its pick of the market.
The Posi contained a calculation last
week which showed that the limber t<> be
cut from the coul lands of the Virginia
Coal k Iron Company alone wouid put
$1.500,000 per year in circulation at l?g j
Stono Gap, for a period of ten years. In j
this connection the following is instruc?
Professor Sargent, of Harvard College,
special eipert on forests for the tenth
census, says in his report on " Forts!? of
the United States," page 45(0:
??The extinction uf the forest? uf the lake r.'glun
may be expected to seriously affect the growth of
population iu the central portion uf the continent. * *
New center* of distribution must noon supplant Chi?
cago as n titulier market, and new transportation
routes take tin- place of those tiullt tu UlOVs the pine
grown upon the shores ot the Great Lakes. * * The
pine which ouce covered New England and New fork
hits already disappeared; Pennsylvania is nearly
bti Ipped of her pine, which mice appi-ur.-d inexhaus?
tible. The great Northwestern pineries are not yet
exhausted, und with newly Introduced methods,
by which loxi once supposed Inaccessible nre now
profitably brought to the mills, they may he expected
lo increase tht volume of tluir auuuol product for u
few years longer, iu response to the growing demands
of the great agricullu-al population fu.t covering the
treeless mid-continental plateau. The area of pine
forest, however, remaining In the great pii.<-produ?
cing States of Michigan, Wisconsin and Minnesota is
dangerously small In proportion to the country's con?
sumption <>f whits pine lumber, und the entire
exhaustion of these forests, iu a comparatively short
time, is certaiu."
After reference to tho nine belt of the
South Atlantic region, of which he says
the " timber is uuequaled for all purposes
of const ruction," Professor Sargent says,
with reference to the hard-wood forests:
"The nrist Important of these forests covers the
region occupied by the South Allegheny Mountain
system, ?luuraoiug Southwestern Virginia, Wet
North uud South Carolina, snd Eastern Kentucky and
Teuuestee. Here oak uuequaled iu quality ubuund*.
Vi iluut is still not rar?, although nut found in any
eery large c?utiuuous bodies; and cherry, yellow
poplar, sud other woods of coumicnial Importance
are coniuiou."
The groat volume of money being
brought into the region of which Big
Stone Gup is the center, by the products
of the forest?, will form the basis of a
subatautial prosperity.
Mr. Charles T. ballard, of Louisville,
president of the Interstate Investment
Company, which owns a large amount of
coking coal lands near here, hits had two
applications from parties ill Shamokin,
Pa., to lease tracts for opening coal mines
and making coke. When all these things
get going, we will have business without
One of the largest real estate dealers in
Middlesborough, where they claim a great
deal of activity in business and so on,
says that he has made only about six sales
this summer. People naturally do as little
business as possible during the warm
weather, but the rush comes with the
The engineers in charge of the work on
the Louisville & Nashville railroad here
have been ordered to put on night forces
wherever the work is behind, that it may
be pushed so as to have all the grading
completed at tho same time, leaving noth?
ing to prevent the living of track. Major
O'Btion is trying to get through by the
first of November, and will do so if ut all
possible. KfTorts are being made, and
it is hoped they will be successful, to get
the Major to lay some track from this end
as was intended last spring.
There is sometimes an inexcusable
delay on the part of the South Atlantic k
Ohio railroad, about getting freight into
Big Stone Gap promptly. One builder
was a month getting lumber from Bluff
City, eleven miles from Bristol. Freights
have beeu known to be kept on the yards
there for two or three weeks, und Gen. Avers
himself was two weeks iu getting twenty
barrels of cement here from Bristol, which
was side-trucked at Duffield and finally
came iu on a passenger train. These de?
lays retard building very much and give
no cud of annoyance.
The following persons have engaged
lots on Poplur Hill to erect $5,000 houses
on them. Gen. R. A. Ayers, president of
the Big Stone Uap Improvement Com?
pany; William McGeorge, Jr., of Philadel?
phia, director iu the Big Stone Gap Im?
provement Compuny; Maj. H. C. Wood, of
Estillville, another director of the big
Stone Gap Improvement Company and
James Wr. Fox, of Now York, another
director; Mr. John It. Proctor, director of
the Kentucky Geological Surrey; William
McDowell, president of the Appalachian
Bunk; C. H. Berry man, Cashier of the
Appalachian Bank; W. K. Harris, of the
firm of Harris k Kardia; Capt. T. H.
Walker and Ohas. E. Bibbs, perhaps
Judge Duncan and others. Several foun?
dations are laid and ready. The material
is ordered and being hauled for others.
Persons coming to Big Stone Gap get
the many advantages that a great many
places of 35,000 people five years ago, and I
5.000 or 10,000 people now a day?, do not
offer, such us electric lights, street car
line, and so on, a point that is well worth
considering by people looking for new
; The furnaces that arc now going up on
the Norfolk k Western railroad can not
get a supply of ore on the line of that
road and are calling vigorously on the
j E. T. V. k G. railroad to make arrange
! incuts to give them a supply from the
mines in and near Cranberry, A great
many furnaces use a little Cranberry ore
I at least, as it increases the selling price
I of the pig-iron considerably. This is the
ore that, in connection with our own oro
about here, will enable us to produce the
best steel pig in the United States.
A meeting of the directors and stock?
holders of the Big Stone Gap Improve?
ment Company has been called to meet at
Bristol, September 25th, and discuss the
project for retiring the bonds of the
company, and other matters of interest
that may come up.
A company is being formed to operate
a telephone line between Big Stone Gap
and Gladeville. Hon. C. S. Flanary, of
tho latter place, is at the head of the
A large amount of walnut timber was
shipped from here last week by J. M.
Winchester, a considerable part of it
going as far as Canada.
In and about the Cuiincllsville coal
territory, are located the towns of Scotts?
burg, population ?,000; Connellsville,8,000;
New Haven, ?.000; Latrobe, 7,000; Union
town. 10.000; Grcensburg, 10,000, and
some fifty villages with a population of
50(1 to 2,000 people each, making a totnl
of about 05,000 people, of which, only
some Hi.000 are miners and coke makers
and their families. The remaining 44,000
souls are dwellers in the larger towns
mentioned, and are drawn then; simply
by tho business growing out of the coking
The Conncllsrillc coal field was originally
72,000 acres, of which, some 22,000 would
prove unprofitable mining. The proper?
ty of the Virginia Coal and Iron Company
here,contains some (JO.000 acres of coking
coal. At Conncllsvillc there is but one scam;
here there are two very extensive beds
averaging seven to eight feet in thick
ness oach,and several other beds of gas and
steam coal. The Connellsville region is
but T>7 miles from Pittsburg, which is the
wholesale supply point for that section.
The Big Stone G ip area, is 1:20 miles from
t he nearest town of unj importance, uad
the population deriving its support from
the coking industry here will be of neces?
sity, concentrated by the Gap in tho town
of Big Stone Gap; while in the Connells?
ville region, there is no physical feature
compelling a concentration of population.
Iu addition to the binds of the Virginia
Coal and Iron Company, the holdings of
tho Interstate Investment Company, the
Altamus, Benson and McGeorgc Ttust, and
others, aggregating safely 200,000 acres of
this coal, arc all directly tributary to
Big Stone. Gap. These facts taken in
connection with our bountiful supply of
iron ores, limber and water, and our rail?
road facilities, will, without doubt in time
make the town of Big Stono Gap a large
Ills Majority tnereasotl, and the Other Ke
publlean Congressmen also Pull
Augusta, Me., September 11.?Chuir
man Manly, of the republican state com?
mittee sent at midnight the following
dispatch to President Harrison; "Maine
gives the largest republican majority
shown in off years since IHM and a larger
majority than was given in a presidential
contest since 1808 with the single excep?
tions of 18S-I and 18KS."
Governor Burleigh is re-elected by the
largest majority lie ever received, exceed?
ing 4.500. Representatives Dingley, Bou
tello and Milliken are re-elected by ma?
jorities ranging front three to five thou?
sand. The Pine Tree state endorses your
administration and remains firm in its
advocacy of protection to American indus?
tries und American labor.*'
Washington*, Sept. 11.?Dispatches to
the republican national committee this
evening assert that the entire Main dele?
gation in congress is re-elected. Milli?
ken's majority is reduced. Reed's ma?
jority is put at 4,300 and slill growing.
As successive reports come to hand the
majority for the state ticket is stated at
about 13,000.
A Voung Physician Chloroforms a Hand?
some Voting Lady and Then
ltulns Her.
Riciimonh, Sept. 11.?Dr. Garland P.
Moore, a surgeon and physician of Balti?
more is wanted in East ville, Northumber?
land county, Va., on the charge of out?
raging a young lady. Tbc sheriff of
Northumberland offers $300 for his ar?
Major Poe, chief of police of this city,
has received a letter from the sheriff,
asking his aid iu the arrest of Dr. Moore,
who was thought to be in the city. The
sheriff states that Moore had been paying
attention to the young lady for some
time and they were engaged to be married.
A few days ago Moore, administered
chloroform to his alh'uneed and then as?
saulted her.
After committing tin- heinous offense,
Moore fled. He crossed the Chesapeake
bay and York river, iu a small boat
and took the Chesapeake k Ohio train at
Leehall station and came to Richmond.
The accused is a graduate of Randolph?
Macon college, and practiced medicine iu
Moore is about five feet six inches high,
light complexion, pale face, light brown
hair, blue eyes, weighs about 130 pounds,
is slight built, walks briskly and is a
sprightly talker. The entire police force
here arc ordered to keep a lookout for
him. Major Poe is of the opinion that
Moore did not stop in Richmond, but
went west.
The New Railroad.
(Bristol Special)
Biustoi., Tesx., Sept. 11.?The Norfolk & Western
engineering corps completed the preliminary survey
of the Knoxvllle extension as far as Bean Station to?
day, and arrived here to-nlgbt. They have been In
the field two months, and will start this week on the
location ot the line.
a great gathering.
The Meeting of the British Iron 8t
Steel Institute and the Verein
Deutsche Elsenhuettenleute
of Germany to be Held
In New York.
The Bodies, Composed of the Most Emi?
nent and Scientific EnglnecrH In the
World, will also Vlilt the Sonth
to Examine Its Mineral?*.
The coming international convention of
iron and steel manufacturers, which will
lie held in this country in October, has
attraced more attention and has been
anticipated with greater interest by the
engineering world than unj affair of the
kind in recent years. For months prepa?
rations of an elaborate kind have been
carried on. It has long been the desire
of the iron and steel manufacturers and
the engineers of this country to issue a
call for an international meeting on this
side of the Atlantic. This desire, deeply
rooted as it was, received an impetus by
the meetings held in Philadelphia during
the centennial of lb?U and the courteous
treatment of the 3U0 American engineers
who visited various countries of the conti?
nent in lf^!*. Months ago the council of
the American Institute of Mining Engi?
neers, in connection with the Iron & Steel
Association, the American Society of
Mechanical Engineers, and the United
States Association oi Charcoal Iron?
workers, extended an invitation to the
Iron k Steel Institute oi' Great Britain to
hold its annual session in union with their
own on this side of the sea. The invita?
tion was accepted with enthusiasm. Simi?
lar requests were sent to the Verein
Deutsche Eiscnhucttcnleutc, in Germany,
and to like societies in other lands.
Everywhere the response was prompt and
hearty. In consequence, the meet.ng, the
first ol its kind in ihis country, will be
attended by more than pflU foreign guests,
including the greatest engineers of
England, France, Germany, Switzerland
and Spain. It is difficult to overestimate
the importance and probable results of a
convention at which many of the most
brilliant members of the engineering pro?
fession will read papers and discuss sub?
jects of practical interest to all mankind.
The arduous work in preparation for the
meeting, over which Andrew Carnegie will
preside, has been done chiefly by Dr.
Rossi tcr W. Raymond, secretary of the
American Institute of Mining Engineers;
C. Kirchoff, jr.,editor of "The Iron Age,"
and secretary of the American reception
committe for the Iron A: Steel Institute of
Oreat Britain, anil James F. Lewis, chair?
man of the reception committee, which
also includes Ab rani S. Hewitt, Chaunccy
M. Depew, Seth Low. Dr. Thomas Eglo
ston, Dr. Henry Morton, Stevens Institute;
Professor F. R. Hutten, John Bogart,
Oberliu Smith, Ben', tnin At ha, Warner
Miller,'!'. C. Platt, ^ iliam Kent, George
W. Mayuard. Dr. Herl ert G. Terry, Walton
Ferguson, James Douglas, jr..!. P. Pardce,
Jasper R. Rand, Joseph E.Gay,Charles. E.
Emen, William G. Hamilton, V*'. W. Van
Voorhis, D. Willis James, Charles Mac
donald, J. C. Baylcs, Oliver W. Barnes,
William H. Wallace, Addison C. Rand, E.
Gvbon Spilsburv, W H. Wilev, Horace
S'>c, E. D. H -tf. ?!.. George ' II. Hull,
Thomas A. Edison, James Irvin, H. II.
Rogers, Charles M. Rolker, Louis Lee
Stunt in, Levi Holbrook, Park Benjamin,
B. S. Church, Andrew Carnegie, James A.
Burden, William P. Shinn, Lafayette,
Penn.; Dr. R. W. Raymond, Dr. T. Sferry
Hunt, Edward Cooper, T. C. Clarke, B. G.
Clarke, Henry R. Towne, John Stantou,
W. A. Perry, John H. Inmun, Smith M.
Weed, George H. Babcock, W. H. Adams,
Cyrus W. Field, Charles B. Brush, F. 0.
Norton, William Brookficld, George A.
Crocker, William E. Worthen, General
Samuel Thomas, C. C. Martin, F. S. With
erbce, David Williams, F. 0. Fayerweather,
J. F. Kollowny, Theodore Yoorheep,Walter
Katte, John C. K?fer, Willard P. Ward, J.
H. Harris, John C. De La Verne, L. G.
Laurcau, Professor James E. Denton, R.
P. Rothwell, F. L. Lehman, F. H. Prentiss,
George B. Wilkiusou, John Thompson and
Philip Voorhees.
The foreign guests will arrive in this
city between September and September
?28, and will make their headquarters at
the Park Avenue hotel. It was first the
intention of the committee to meel them
at Quarrantine and convey them up the
harbor in a special boar. As the delegates
arrive, however, at different times, that
plan has been abandoned. An elaborate
programme for the entertainment and
instruction of the engineers and members
of the various societies during their stay
in this country has been prepared, how?
ever, by the members of the committee.
No expense will be spared to make the
meetings memorable and remarkable. It
is hoped that the delegates will return lo
their homes with better ideas and fuller
appreciation of the possibilities and capa?
bilities of the United States of America.
The convention wiU open with the
session of the American Institute of
Mining Engineers on Monday afternoon,
September lit), in Ohickering Hall, where
all the meetings in this city will be held.
The session will be continued on Monday
evening. Tuesday morning and Tuesday
afternoon, and will lie attended by the
delegates from Europe. The members of
the British Iron & Steel Institute will
begin tlmir annual meeting on Wednesday
morning, October 1. On Wednesday after?
noon they will have an opportunity to see
the "lordly scenery, great and grand," of
the Hudson in an excursion to West Point.
The sessions on Thursday morning and
afternoon will be devoted to the memory
of the great engineer, Alexander Lyman
Holley, for many years president of the
American Institute of' Mining Engineers.
An address commemorative of his virtues
and achievements will be delivered in
Chickering Hall in the morning by James
Dredge, editor of "Engineering," in Lou
don. In the afternoon the Holley Memo?
rial, presented to the city by the society
over which he once presided, will be un?
veiled, with proper and imposing ceremo?
nies, in Washington Square.
On Thursday evening, October 1, the
annual dinner of the British association
will be given in Delmonico's, while the
Liederkranz Society will entertain the
Germau delegates. During the course of
the British convention, which will end on
Friday morning, the following papers will
be read:
"The American Blast Furnace Fields,"
James Gayley, of Pi Osburg; "Testing
Materials of Construction in the United
States," Messrs. Hunt and Clapp, of Pitts
burg; " The Manufacture of Steel in the
United States," Henry M. Howe, of Bos?
ton; "The Thomson Electric Welding
Process," Professor Thomson, New York;
"The Manufacture of Spirally Welded
Steel Plates in the United States," J. C.
Bayles, of New York; "The Use of
Water Gas in the United States," B.
Loomis, Hartford; "The Coke Industry of
the United States," J. D. Weeks, Pitts
burg; " Recent Progress in Manufacture
of War Material in the United States,"
W. H. Jacques, Bethlehem, Pa.; "The
Composition and Wearing Qualities of
Steel Rails," Dr. Charles B. Dudley,
Altoona. ?
On Friday afternoon, October 2, excur?
sions will be made to various points of
(X. Y. Tribune.)
interest in this neighborhood, including
Mr. Edison's laboratory, the Tilly Foster
iron mines and the Spiral Well Tube
Works, at East Orange, X. J. The mem?
bers of the American and foreign societies
will leave New York in a special train on
Saturday morning, October 4, for Pitts
burg, where a joint international session
will be held. They will stop on their way
at Philadelphia, Altoonn, Lebanon, Har
risburg and Johnstown, visiting the vari?
ous points of interest in those cities, and
attending numerous entertainments and
receptions'friven in their honor, and will
arrive in Pittshurg on October 8. Great
preparations for the entertainment of the
guests have been made by the people of
Pittsburg. The societies will hold joint
sessions on Thursday and Friday morn?
ings, October 8 and !).
Although the programme for these meet?
ings has not been decided upon definitely
as yet, it will include the following papers:
"On Recent Development of Marine En?
gineering," A. E. Seaton, Hull; "The Prob?
able Future of Iron Manufacture," Sir
Lowthian Hell, and "The Protection of
Iron and Steel Ships Against Foundering,"
Sir N. Barnaby, K.C.B.
It is also expected that a highly inter?
esting paper on the improvements in iron
and steel metallurgy of Gcrmanv since
l?Tti will be read by Dr. Wedding, the
Gorman metallurgical author. Several
other papers, all in the English language,
will also be presented by other German
During parts of Thursday and Friday,
and on Saturday and Sunday, the guests
will attend receptions given for their ben?
efit, and will visit the great mills and
factories in Pittsburg and Allegheny and
the various places of interest in the
neighborhood. On Sunday, October 12,
the party will start for Chicago, where it
will arrive on October 14. Two dnvs will
be spent in becoming acquainted with the
great institutions iu the second city of
the United Slates. Here, also, dinners
and receptions in profusion will be given
to the guests, who will have every reason
to think Well of American Hospitality.
Their journey, indeed, will be a veritable
triumphal march..
At Chicago, which the delegates will
leave on October Hi, the party will divide
into two groups, one going north and the
other south. According to the programme
ot the general committee, the northern
excursion will visit the Menomincc,
Gogebic and Marqucttc iron ranges anil
the Lake Superior copper districts. On
the return trip to New York, which will
be reached on October 2 s', the party will
visit the Sault Stc. Marie Canal, the Sud
bury nickel and copper mines in Canada,
and Niagara Falls.
The southern excursion will go first from
Chicago to Birmingham. Shelby and Au
uiston, Ala.
Sunday, October 19, will be --petit on
Lookout Mountain. The next day Chatta?
nooga will be reached. The party will
also visit the Pocahontas coal mines,
Middlesborough, Ronnokc, Cripple Creek
iron mines, the famous caves of Luray, in
Virginia, and the national capital. As
may bo. seen, the foreign guests will be j
able to form an excellent idea of the coun- I
try's capacity for the production of iron
and steel. It cannot be doubted that they
will be surprised at that capacity. En?
gland may excel the United States in the
manufacture of basic steel, iu the handling
of guns and armor, and in n few other
specialties; but in many other ways Amer?
ican industry has surpassed her, and
American manufacturers will be able to
teach the foreigners many lessons in the
employment of labor-saving machines.
Before the return of the visiting dele?
gates to their foreign homes Abrain S.
Hewitt will hold a reception for them.
The general reception committee will give
a dinner in their honor. Covers will be
laid for 800 or 900 people. The date of
the entertainment has not been lixed, but
it is probable that il will take place on
October 28 or 29.
Among the most widely known dele?
gates from Europe who will attend the I
meetings arc Sir James Kitson, baronet,
president of the Iron and Steel Institute
of Great Britain; Sir Lowthian Bell, a
man of great learning in his profession
and the owner of large manufactories in
the famous Middlesborough district of
England; Lord Edward Cavendish,brother
of the Marquis of Hartingtou, and a mem?
ber of Parliament; Edward P. .Mailin. a
well-known metallurgist and manufacturer
iu South Wales; E. Windsor Richards,
formerly general manager for Bolekon. |
Ynughun A Co., in Middlesborough, and
now general manager of the famous bow
moor Iron Company; G. J. Snelos, the
chemist and metallurgist; William White
veil, president of the Board of Arbitration
and Conciliation, of Middlesborough: Sir
James Bain, owner of one of tin largest
manufactories in Glasgow; Hugh Bell,son
of Sir Lowthian Bell, an iron manufac?
turer; Adolf Blcichcrt, of Germany, a
designer and builder of rope tramways;
H. A. Brustlein and Louis Holtzer, of the
rjnicnt Steel Works, iu Fiance; Arthur
Cooper, general manager of the largest
steel works in Middlesborough; William
Cunningham, one of the proprietors of the
great steel works in Scotland bearing his
name; John H. Darby, a well-known manu?
facturer at Brymbo; A. J. Dornum, one of
the leading manufacturers of iron and j
steel beams in England; W. G. Fossick,of
the Fossick iron firm in London; Theodore |
Fry, member of Parliament from Darling
ton, and recently one of tiie English com?
missioners at the Labor Confi rence in
Berlin; W. H. Greenwood, general man?
ager of the Birmingham Small Arms and
Metal Company; Emil Guilleaume, owner
of one of the largest wire and wire rope
manufacturing plants on the Continent;
R. A. Hadfield, of Sheffield; Jeremiah
Head, for many years the associate of Sir
William Siemens; Francis Koch, general
manager of the Alcxandrowsky Steel
Works of St. Petersburg; Sir W. T. Lewis,
of V.'ales; John S. Nettleford, a member
of the firm with which Joseph S. Chamber
laiu is connected; Gustave Picdboeuf, of
Aix-la-Chapcllc, the largest boilcrmakcr
in the Rhenish provinces; Alexander Pour?
ed, of England aud Spain; Sir E. J. Reed,
of London; Edward Kiley, the chemist;
William Tozer and Henry Steel, jr.. the
steel manufacturers of Sheffield; Sir
Thomas Storey, of Lancaster; Jose A. de
y Barra, owner of iron mines and works
in the Bilboa district; Frederick Siemens,
brother of Sir William Siemens, and Dr.
Werner von Siemens, of Berlin, and '.irl
Siemens, of St. Petersburg; Sir John G.
N. Alleyne, baronet, the groa: marine
engineer; J. S. Jeans, secretary of the
Iron and Steol Institute, author of
"England's Supremacy," "Waterways and
Water Transport" and "Steel," and ut one
time editor of the Glasgow Evening Star;
Emil Schroedter, secretary of the Verein
Deutsche Ingenieure; Dr. Wedding, pro?
fessor of metallurgy at the Royal School
in Berlin, honorary member of the Ameri
ean Society of Mining Engineers, and the
author of a series of treatises on the
metallurgy of iron and the base and pre?
cious metals; and A. Thielen, acting chair?
man of the German Societey and the
owner of one of the largest steel works in
the Rhenish provinces.
They are Coming; Slowly.
(Baltimore Sun.)
0 ystera were more plentiful yesterday, but the de?
mand was greater than the supply, and prices were
steady at from seventy to eighty cents per bushel.
The Kurts That Gave- Rlae to the Report
of Uh Sale to the E. T., Va. ? Oa.
Locisville, Sept. 11.?It turns out that
the foundation for the report that the E.
T., Va. & Ga. road has purchased the
Kentucky Union, consists in the fact that
Mr. Carley has succeeded in negotiating
the sale of extensive tracts of land ad?
joining the railroad. The cash will he
paid for this land as soon as the titles are
examined, and for as much as 25,000 acres
at a time. The object of Mr. Carley in
selling this property was to secure suffi?
cient money to push the construction of
the Kentucky Union from Jackson, Ky.,
to Big Stone Cap. The land was sold to u
British syndicate which is represented in
this country by Colonel Pat Calhoun, of
New Vork, and it seems the idea that the
E. T., Va. & Ga. road had made the re?
ported deal, originated in the fact that
Colonel Culhoun's brother is an attorney
for that road. There is no doubt that the
construction of the Kentucky Union will
be pushed forward now rapidly and without
hi .Mi. AND LEE.
Probability that General Lee's Opponent
Will Run a* a'n Independent.
(Alexandria Special.)
Alexandria, Sept.!*, 1890.?The endorse?
ment by the negro convention which met
in Purccllvillc, Loudoun county, on
Wednesday, oi Frank Hume us the inde?
pendent candidate for congress, but adds
another reason to the alreudy long list for
thinking that Mr. Hume intends to turn
traitor to the democratic party and oppose
the election of General Lee to congress.
When asked a few days ago whether he
intended to run on an independent ticket
or not. Mr. liuine refused to give any posi?
tive answer, but said that he would let his
friends know in time to tell how to vote in
November. There now remains no doubt
that Mr. Hume will be the independent
candidate, and as such will try to have
himself endorsed by the coming republican
district convention, which will be held ou
the 18th of the month.
another IttUOtl.
It is rumored on the streets hero that
Hon. Park Agncw will once more lead the
republicans in the coming tight uguinst
General Lee for his seat in the house of
representatives. The rumor is not thought
to be true,as Mr. Agncw is the postmuster
ot this city and has the office sure for four
years, while his election to congress will
be, as he well knows, almost beyond hope.
It is true that Mr. Ague* reduced the
democratic majority in lb'8B from six
thousand to less than two thousand, but
then there was much dissatisfaction in
the democratic ranks where perfect har?
mony exists now.
MM. Kochefort and Thiebuud 8ucoecd In
Having an Encounter.
(By Vuglo-Auiei i' uu cable to the DUpatcb.)
Palis, France. Sept. 10.?After having
made four unsucccsssful attempts to tight
a duel on account of differences arising
from the Boulanger revelations, MM.
Kochefort and Thiebuud this morning
succeeded in having an encounter. M.
Thiebaud was wounded. The duel was
fought in u stable at La Glinge, Holland.
M. Thiebaud was wounded in the thigh.
His injury is t riling.
Paris, Sept. 11.?From the later dis?
patches describing the Roehefort-Thio
baud duel it appears that the combatunts
fought fiercely for twelve minutes. Roche
fort displayed greater agility, running
around his adversary and making furious
bingo. Thiebaud received three wounds,
his opponct's'sword piercing his left tem?
ple^ right cheek, and right thigh. After
the ?.ird '.vound had been inflicted two
doctors who had accou.,}auieu the tW?
duelists to the ground, after a hasty con?
sultation, ordered the fight to be stopped.
Thiebaud evidently went to Brussels,
where he is now confined in bed. His
wounds, however, are no! of a serious
Hume Clay Turns Up.
(Special Dispatch t<> lite Poat.)
Paris. Ky., Sept. II.?Hume Clay, who
absconded from Winchester, leaving
$75,000 ?orth of debts a few weeks ago,
arrived here on the noon train to-day
from Cincinnati in company with Capt. J.
M. Thomas, hi* father-in-law, and Harry
Clay, his brother. The party stayed in
Cincinnati last night, but it is not known
from where the abscondcr came, nor his
Betrothed of Winnie Davis, "Daughter of
Hie Confederacy." Suffers a Loss
to His Fortune.
Svbactse, X. V., Sept. 10.?The Wilkin?
sons are again in t rouble, and Miss Winnie
Davis' fiance will not be able to leud her
to that home of luxury that once was his.
A few years ago Alfred and J. Foreman
Wilkinson were influential and wealthy
bankers in this city. Financial troubles ,
overtook them, and though an effort was
made to save snug fortunes, their af
aftairs got into court, and, us a result,
the creditors got a portion of what be?
longed to them. The loss of money, in
tiuenco and respect made outcasts of the
two brothers, and their deaths soon fol?
lowed. Sympathy for young Wilkinson
and his mother touched the hearts, of the
creditors, and they were allowed to keep
their elegant $10,000 home on James
street. This home was insured for $18,
500, and $7,500 were placed upon the
One week ago Thursday men employed
about the premises were engaged in clean?
ing and ridding the house of moths. They
were using benzine and burning sulphur.
Three barrels of benzine stood about the
place. Xo one knows exactly what hap?
pened, but the coachman was blown out
of the upper story of the house. He died,
and the house was almost totally destroyed
by the lire which ensued.
By the terms of the insurance policies
explosives like benzine were not allowed
on the place, and ulthough the insurance
companies have some sixty days in which
to settle all claims, it is asserted that
young Wilkinson has no claim against the
compunies in this instance, and while
i hey uru sorry for him and bis widowed
mother, they cannot afford to establish
the precedent of payiug unjust claims out
of sympathy.
The Wilkinson residence was about all
that was left of what was once a large
estate. It was to have been the home,
for a time at least, of Winnie Davis, after
she had become Mrs. Wilkinson. She
admired the handsome dwelling and its
surroundings. Mr. Wilkinson has not
decided upon his course if the insurance
compunies refuse to pay the loss, a loss
which neither he nor his mother can
afford. Mrs. Wilkinson is in Europe.
One of her sons sailed last week to tell
ber of the destruction of the house, fear?
ing that a cablegram announcing the ex?
plosion would shock her beyond her en?
Ho will Not Accept the Nomination for
Congreaa, hut Propone* to Devote HI*
Life to the Educational, Rellgou*,
and Financial Welfaro of
Southwest Virginia.
To the Rutblicans or ins Ninth Con
uressional District of Virginia:
I take this opportunity to address you
in response to the kind and urgent calls
so frequently made upon me, by many of
you, to permit my name to be used for
the nomination soon to be made by our
party in this district for a seat in con?
I am not insensible to the great honor
my too partial friends would bestow upon
mo. With all my heart I thank them.
No man can esteem more highly than I
do, such expressions of appreciation, com?
ing as they do from those with whom I
have been most intimately associated in
the struggles and triumphs of the party,
through the eventful years which have
recently directed very special attention to
our section of the commonwealth. 1
rejoice in the profound consciousness
that, in ull my political course, it has
beeu my chief and foremost aim to ad
vunco the best interests of my people. I
can truly 6ay that I have given myself
little concern as to anything merely per?
sonal to myself. 1 have sought in the
halls of legislation, and in my intercourse
with the general public, nnd everywhere
and by every means in my power, to ad?
vance the moral, intellectual and financial
well-being of Southwest Virginia?the
richest country in undeveloped resources
upon which tho sun shines.
In doing this 1 have entered into obli?
gations which folu'd my yielding to the
kind persuasions of friends, to seek the
nomination for congress. To do other?
wise might inflict serious pecuniary loss
upon those who have entrusted to me the
management of great properties and the
direction of great agencies which are
closely connected with the welfare of the
senatorial district which I now have tho
honor to represent. And in the fullest
candor let me add that, apart from theso
business engagements which forbid my
seeking this honor or accepting it if it
were pressed upon me unsought, I am
forced to decline because of a growing
conviction that the best service I can
render my section, my Stutu and the
whole country, and the world, lies in
another direction?to preach the Gospel
of Jesus Christ, to help establish nnd
endow institutions of learning where the
boys and girls of the land may be trained
for usefulness, to make money with which
to help endow these and other agencies
for doing good?this for me has u charm
which nothing else has under the shining
heavens. To this kind of work I desire
more than ever before to dedicate my life.
In declining the use of my name for
this high federal otlice, I am glad to know
that there are others more able and more
worthy from whom you cuu make a selec?
tion. I hope you may be able to unite
upon the most available man and that he
may be triumphantly elected. While my
obligations to press forward movements
looking to the moral and intellectual and
financial well-being of my section will
very much engross my time nnd attention,
I pledge to the man who shall be fortunate
enough to secure the nomination, my
heartiest support. J. B. F. Mills.
Bio Stone Gav, 7a., Sept. 11, 1891).
A Family Affair.
(Special to Richmond Dispatch.j
A prominent Virginia republican now
in the city who lives iu Bowdcn's district,
was asked how much of a disagreement
there was between Bowden and Mahone,
and he said: "Some of Mahono's strongest
friends in tho disrtrict, and particularly
in Norfolk and Princess Anno counties
are opposing Bowden with all their might
and aiaiU; and on the other hand some of
Mahone's leading frleuds il? supporting
Bowden for renomination. I think tbc
trouble between Bowden and Mahone
grew out of two things. Mahono ordered
Bowden to oppose Langston in his contest
for a se.it in the house, and tho congress?
man did not come to terms regarding that
matter. Then again Mahone claims that
bowden did not deliver tho vote in the
second district last year that he promised
when Mahone was candidate for Governor.
"Undoubtedly," this republican went on
to say, "there is big trouble ahead for
Bowden, and if he gets the nomination it
will take a hard fight."
The 8. A. * O. K. K. Case.
(Bristol Special.)
Buistoi., Tkxk., .Sept. 11.?Tue South Atlantic 4
Ohio receivership muddle has been carried to the
Supreme Court ot the L'uited State* by Dr. Bailey,
who was appointed receiver by tho Virginia court.
The case will be heard by Chief Ju?tlce Fuller sitting
with Judge Iloud of the Circuit Court, aud Judge Paul
of the District Court for Vlrgiulu, ou the 16th lust.
An appeal was taken to (lud out whether or not the
defendants had the right to remove the case from the
Virginia court to the l'uited States court.
Yen, You Ml tu Ulm Now.
(X. Y. Herald.)
In a country where Ute keeps such a pace that
everything but the taxes Is forgotteu In leu days the
Cannon incident In the House the other day will soon
die. For thin we fear the democratic members are as
much to blame an the republicans, no democrat having
the nerve to lest the will of the House by a motion to
expel the member who had disgraced tho debate*.
Oh, for nit hour of Samuel J. Randall I
Middlesborough Pleasantries.
IfiitDUsaoaotfoit, Kr.. Sept 10.?Deputy Sheriff Lm
Turner started this mornitig to effect the capture of
the notorious gang of outlaws that are hldlug lu the
mountains h few miles west of here, fellow Jack, a
desperado aud a member of the gang, and for whose
capture there Is a reward offered, entered one of the
mining camps lu that region Sunday, while the
miners were at breakfast, and amused himself by
shooting the pepper boxes off the table. Sheriff Tur?
ner, who knows no fear, proposes to rid the com?
munity of the Kung, and l"> doubt when they meet
there wiU be a battle.
Croaking About Fruit.
(Baltimore Snn.)
Our crops of berries, fruits and vegetables are so
short as to fall to meet the home demand. The apple
crop, for example, is a failure. The reports from
nearly all quarters are bad. In the year euded Jan?
uary 30, 1890, we exported 453,503 barret* ot apples
and 20,S61,000 pounds ot dried apples. Most of the
apples weul to England and Scotland, while France
and Germany took the bulk of the dried apples. Of
the cauued fruit, worth $698^221, exported last year,
England took about tu'f. We shall havo probably
little fruit iu any form to export, and shall lack the
Income from this source.
A Middlesboroogh Citizen.
Pim.ui.is. Kr., Sept. 11.?Steve Warrlck, who
kilted Marshall Turner In the desperate hand-to-hand
duel In atiUdlcaborough lost week, has beeu brought
here aud placed lu the county lall. Warrlck hat a
bullett-bole through his left sidejbut Is not atd anger*
ously wounded m was at first supposed. His exsmiu..
ing trial will be held in a tew days.
Bowden'* Trouble*.
(Norfolk Special.)
A circular has beeu issued aud Is being distributed
In all this district notifying all republicans who are
opposed to the r? nomination of George E. Bowden
that a meeting will be held Wednesday next in Page**
Hall, this city, and Inviting t&ta to be present and
A Bichmond Man's Profit.
A week ago W. J. Walker, ot Richmond, bong I
fifty-one acres ot the Cooper tract, sear Lambert
Point, for 118,000, and ha* sold the same tor 128,00
Now Shell Out
(From the Rochester Chronicle.)
Chom of eytUn; "Bcr* v? &?

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